Halliwell Jones Stadium
The Halliwell Jones Stadium is a rugby league stadium in Warrington, the home ground of Warrington Wolves. It has staged Challenge Cup semi-finals, the European Nations Final, the National League Grand Finals' Day and two games of the 2013 Rugby League World Cup. By the late 1990s, Warrington's Wilderspool Stadium had become decrepit and unfit for purpose, so the club looked to move to a new stadium. Before settling on a site just north of the town centre, which had housed the Tetley Walker brewery, a site in Burtonwood was considered but these plans were rejected. Ground was broke at the new site in 2002 and bucked the common trend of modern stadia by including terracing areas rather than being an all-seater stadium, with the South and West stands both containing terracing It has enormous pitch dimensions of 120 m x 74 m, as requested by Warrington's head coach of the time, Paul Cullen, due to his desire to play expansive rugby; the stadium opened in 2004. During the 2010 Championship Grand Final between Featherstone Rovers and Halifax, a fire beneath the terraced West Stand broke out, forcing all of the fans housed in the stand to be evacuated onto the field, holding up the game for around 45 minutes.
Following a safety inspection the spectators were allowed back in. However, when the smell of smoke failed to disperse, there was a further hold up as the fans were moved to the East Stand; the game resumed with no further interruptions. The fire is being treated as arson. On 3 March 2011, the club announced that the corners of the East Stand at the stadium would be filled in to create a further 2,000 spaces made up of seating and terracing for the 2012 season; the stadium capacity, set at 15,000 for the first sell-out home match against St. Helens in 2012, was increased to 15,200 and can grow to 15,693 as the club proves it can handle the bigger crowds and get extra safety certificates; the club has announced plans to increase the stadium's capacity to around 22,000 should the need arise. The largest crowd at the Halliwell Jones was in a 28–10 victory for Warrington Wolves over Widnes Vikings in the Super League on 25 March 2016 when 15,008 were in attendance. Two monuments to Australian winger and world record try scorer Brian Bevan, who played for Warrington 1945-62, are featured at the stadium.
One, a statue of him, had been placed in the middle of a roundabout close to Wolves' old Wilderspool ground. This was moved to the Halliwell Jones Stadium with the team; the other, a mural showing Bevan's face made from'Primrose and Blue' bricks, the traditional Warrington colours was created for the location. Two other tributes to ex-players at the ground are the naming of the South-East quadrant the Jack Fish corner, the road the stadium is on Mike Gregory Way; the North Stand is the main stand of housing hospitality, changing rooms and dugout. The East Stand is an all seater stand with hospitality boxes. In 2011, the corners next to the stand were filled in to increase the capacity; the South Stand is terraced. It houses the scoreboard and TV gauntry; the West Stand is houses the away fans. Unlike the East Stand at the opposite end of the ground, the corners are not filled in but there are future plans to do so if there is demand for the capacity to be increased. Halliwell Jones, which holds the naming rights for the stadium, is a large BMW and MINI motor group owned by Phillip Jones, a businessman from the North West.
The stadium was built as a rugby league venue and to be home of Warrington Wolves. It has been used as a neutral venue on multiple occasions, the first being the Challenge Cup Semi Finals since it opened in 2004: After hosting its first Challenge Cup semi final in 2004, the ground was selected to hold the Championship Grand Final on five separate occasions between 2006 and 2011, it 2015, Warrington were chosen to play in the inaugural World Club Series. The club chose to host the game at the Halliwell Jones rather than move it to a bigger venue; the Halliwell Jones has been a venue for international rugby league, hosting a European Cup and World Cup. The Halliwell Jones was chosen as one of the venues to host the Women's 2005 Euro Championship. In 2007, Liverpool chose the stadium to host their reserve team, who played there until 2009. Liverpool Reserves Women's 2005 Euro Championship The Halliwell Jones held the Autumn Pops Concert with Three Sporting Tenors. In 2010, the ground was used to film an episode of Candy Cabs.
Halliwell Jones on Worldstadia.com
England national rugby league team
The England national rugby league team represents England in international rugby league. The team formed from the Great Britain team which represented Wales and Ireland, is run under the auspices of the Rugby Football League, it participates in the Rugby League World Cup, Four Nations and Test matches. The team dates to 1904, when they played against a mixture of Scottish players in Wigan; until the 1950s, they toured Australia and New Zealand and played both home and away matches against neighbours Wales and France, but when it was decided that Great Britain would tour the Southern Hemisphere instead of England and Wales became the only regular opponents. Their first appearance in the Rugby League World Cup was in 1975, they finished runners-up in 1975, 1995 and 2017. England competed in the European Nations Cup and in 2006, an England'A' team competed for the Federation Shield. England's main rivals were Wales and France, with the rivalries stretching back to 1908 and 1934 respectively. England's main rivals now are New Zealand.
Traditionally a predominantly white kit is worn including white socks. However the jersey features some form of red, like red stripes, crosses or chevrons; these colours are similar to other English sporting teams and are the colours used on the national flag. In 2008, a new kit was introduced featuring a red cross on the front and red strips down the sides of the jersey and socks were white too with red strips. In 2008, the Rugby Football League chose to abandon the traditional English lion on the badge in favour of a much simpler shield and cross design; the team is ranked third in the world, behind Australia and New Zealand. Wayne Bennett is the head coach, Sean O'Loughlin the captain. In 1895, twenty-one clubs split with the Rugby Football Union, citing that they wanted to play professionally, formed the Northern Rugby Football Union; the twenty-one clubs were all from Northern England and the players were working class. However it was not just English players who made the switch and Welsh players switched allegiance to the new code, wanting payments for playing.
Switching heightened in the early 20th century with more Scottish and Welsh players leaving the RFU than before. The England national rugby union team had been playing international matches since 1871, but it was not until 1904, nine years after the formation of the new code, that an international rugby league match was played. At the start of 1903 season the Northern Union thought about international matches and scheduled a match for England on New Year's Day 1904 in Oldham. On that day though, the ground was frosty and the match was cancelled and it was rescheduled for April. On 5 April 1904 England competed against a team called "Other Nationalities", who were made up of ten Welshman and two Scotsman, including George Frater, who captained the side, it was a period of experimentation for the Northern Union and each team had twelve players, not thirteen. At Central Park, Wigan the ground was muddy and in poor condition, however the match went ahead. England steamed into a 3–0 lead, from a try by Warrington's Jackie Fish.
This is despite Salford's James Lomas arriving late and causing England to start the match with eleven players. Fish missed the conversion and so the Other Nationalities were able to level the scores a little Welshman Thomas crashing over for a try; the conversion was missed and going into half-time the score was tied 3–3. In the second half Thomas went over for another try before Wigan's Harris sealed a 9–3 win for the Other Nationalities in the final minutes of the match. A total of 6,000 spectators turned up for the match, considered a poor showing despite a Broughton Rangers v Bradford cup clash being scheduled on the same day. In 1905 a match between the two sides was played at Bradford; this time England won 26–11 though they were losing 11–0 at half-time. Wigan's Jim Leytham scored four tries in a record that still stand today; the match was played with fifteen players on each side and so was the 1906 match. Played in Wigan again, the match finished a 3–3 draw; the concept was abandoned after the 1906 match.
By 1908 the game had expanded much more into Australia, New Zealand and Wales and England began playing those teams. Harold Wagstaff made his debut for England in 1908 against the touring Kangaroos team at 17 years and 228 days; the Other Nationalities side did return in 1921. An England side beat the Australasian team of the 1921–22 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain 4–5 at Highbury. England played only one international between 10 May 1956 and 7 November 1968 an 18–6 victory at Headingley Rugby Stadium, Leeds. England played at the World Cup in 1975 coached by Alex Murphy, played over several months in both hemispheres on a league basis. Great Britain would represent England in the World Cup, but the RLIF wanted to capitalise on the large amount of Welsh players in the game at the time, so England and Wales fielded separate teams. England won a 20 -- 2 victory over France in Leeds in March. In June the Lions suffered their first defeat in just their second match of the tournament, losing 12–7 against a strong Wales side in Brisbane.
A little England managed to hold on for a draw against Australia in Sydney, the final score being 10–10. And they picked up a point in Auckland, drawing 17–17 against New Zealand. At the end of October, after the domestic season had finished, England beat the Welsh 22–16 in Warrington and crossed the English Channel to thrash a French side 48–2 in Bordeaux. Bradford played host the England versus New Zealand match, in which England won comfortably 27–12. At the start of November, England sque
Rob Parker (rugby league)
Rob Parker is an English former professional rugby league footballer for Leigh, signing from Super League neighbours Salford City Reds in time for the 2012 season. An England international representative forward, he played for Super League clubs. Parker played his junior rugby with Leigh East. Débuting in 2000 Parker marked his case for a regular position in Super League during a ten-game loan spell with London Broncos in 2001, he rose out of the Bradford Bulls Academy to play in the Bradford pack. He collected Super League medals in 2003 and 2005 and played in a winning Challenge Cup Final and World Club Challenge, he missed out on a spot in the 2003 Super League Grand Final. Having won Super League VIII, Bradford played against 2003 NRL Premiers, the Penrith Panthers in the 2004 World Club Challenge. Parker played from the interchange bench in Bradford's 22-4 victory. At the end of that year he played for Bradford Bulls from the interchange bench in their 2004 Super League Grand Final loss against Leeds.
An accomplished performer in both front and second row. Whilst at Bradford, Parker was loaned out to Wakefield RFC where he made seven Rugby Union appearances over two seasons, he was led his country to the European Nations Cup. Parker won caps for England while at Bradford Bulls in 2004 against Russia and Ireland. Signed by Warrington for the 2006 season, released from his contract at the end of the 2008 season. After joining Salford he was announced as their new club captain on 10 February after long-serving skipper Malcolm Alker was stripped of the captaincy during pre-season.. In July 2011, he went on loan to Castleford. Parker joined hometown club Leigh in time for the 2012 Co-Operative Championship season
Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies", it is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language, noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city. Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland, tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, the establishment of the University of Glasgow in the fifteenth century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the city grew as one of Great Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.
With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals and engineering. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian era and Edwardian period, although many cities argue the title was theirs. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Glasgow's population grew reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938. Comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s, resulting in large-scale relocation of people to designated new towns; the wider metropolitan area is home to over 1,800,000 people, equating to around 33% of Scotland's population. The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2. Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the first European Championships in 2018; the origin of the name'Glasgow' is disputed. It is common to derive the toponym from the older Cumbric glas cau or a Middle Gaelic cognate, which would have meant green basin or green valley.
The settlement had an earlier Cumbric name, Cathures. It is recorded that the King of Strathclyde, Rhydderch Hael, welcomed Saint Kentigern, procured his consecration as bishop about 540. For some thirteen years Kentigern laboured in the region, building his church at the Molendinar Burn where Glasgow Cathedral now stands, making many converts. A large community became known as Glasgu; the area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for fishing. The Romans built outposts in the area and, to keep Roman Britannia separate from the Celtic and Pictish Caledonia, constructed the Antonine Wall. Items from the wall like altars from Roman forts like Balmuildy can be found at the Hunterian Museum today. Glasgow itself was reputed to have been founded by the Christian missionary Saint Mungo in the 6th century, he established a church on the Molendinar Burn, where the present Glasgow Cathedral stands, in the following years Glasgow became a religious centre.
Glasgow grew over the following centuries. The Glasgow Fair began in the year 1190; the first bridge over the River Clyde at Glasgow was recorded from around 1285, giving its name to the Briggait area of the city, forming the main North-South route over the river via Glasgow Cross. The founding of the University of Glasgow in 1451 and elevation of the bishopric to become the Archdiocese of Glasgow in 1492 increased the town's religious and educational status and landed wealth, its early trade was in agriculture and fishing, with cured salmon and herring being exported to Europe and the Mediterranean. Following the European Protestant Reformation and with the encouragement of the Convention of Royal Burghs, the 14 incorporated trade crafts federated as the Trades House in 1605 to match the power and influence in the town council of the earlier Merchants' Guilds who established their Merchants House in the same year. Glasgow was subsequently raised to the status of Royal Burgh in 1611. Glasgow's substantial fortunes came from international trade and invention, starting in the 17th century with sugar, followed by tobacco, cotton and linen, products of the Atlantic triangular slave trade.
Daniel Defoe visited the city in the early 18th century and famously opined in his book A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain, that Glasgow was "the cleanest and beautifullest, best built city in Britain, London excepted". At that time the city's population was about 12,000, the city was yet to undergo the massive expansionary changes to its economy and urban fabric, brought about by the Scottish Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution. After the Acts of Union in 1707, Scotland gained further access to the vast markets of the new British Empire, Glasgow became p
Robert Geoffrey Burrow is an English former professional rugby league footballer, who spent 16 years playing for the Leeds Rhinos in the Super League, before retiring in 2017. An England and Great Britain representative, he spent his entire professional career with Leeds. At 165 cm tall and weighing less than 11 st, Burrow was known for many years as "the smallest player in Super League". Despite this, he was one of the most successful players in the competition's history, having won a total of 8 Super League championships, two Challenge Cups, been named to the Super League Dream Team on three occasions and won the Harry Sunderland Trophy twice. Burrow played for the Leeds Rhinos from the interchange bench in their 2004 Super League Grand Final victory against the Bradford Bulls; as Super League IX champions, the Rhinos faced 2004 NRL season premiers, the Bulldogs in the 2005 World Club Challenge. Burrow played from the interchange bench. Burrow played for Leeds in the 2005 Challenge Cup Final at scrum half back in their loss against Hull FC.
That year he played for the Leeds Rhinos at stand-off half back in their 2005 Super League Grand Final loss against Bradford Bulls. In June 2007 he was called up to the Great Britain squad for the Test match against France, he was named as Leeds Rhinos Player of the Year for his performance throughout the 2007 season, was named in the Super League Dream Team for the same year along with team mates Scott Donald, Jamie Peacock and Gareth Ellis. Burrow was the winner of the Harry Sunderland Award for a man of the match performance in 2007's Super League XII Grand Final. Burrow played a pivotal role in helping Great Britain to a 3–0 victory over New Zealand in the Gillette Fusion Test series in 2007, he was awarded the George Smith Medal as player of the series which he finished as top points scorer with 26 from two tries and nine goals. He was named in the Super League Dream Team for 2008's Super League XIII season, he played in the 2008 Super League Grand Final victory over St. Helens. Burrow was selected for the England squad to compete in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup tournament in Australia.
Group A's first match against Papua New Guinea he played at scrum half back in England's victory. Burrow played from the interchange bench for Leeds in the 2011 Challenge Cup Final, lost to Wigan. Burrow became the first player to win the Harry Sunderland Award twice by winning the unanimous votes of all 37 judges after his impact in 2011's Super League XVI Grand Final, he was not selected for England's post-season 2011 Four Nations campaign due to a rib injury. Burrow was part of Leeds' Challenge Cup winning teams in 2014 and 2015. Rob Burrow announced his retired in 2017, his final match was the 2017 Super League Grand Final in which he helped Leeds to victory. Super League: 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017 Challenge Cup: 2014, 2015 World Club Challenge: 2005, 2008, 2012 League Leader's Shield: 2004, 2009, 2015 Harry Sunderland Trophy: 2007, 2011 Leeds Rhinos profile
Port Talbot is a town and community in the county borough of Neath Port Talbot, Wales. It is 7 miles to the east of Swansea across the Swansea Bay, with a population, in 2011, was 37,276, it is best known for Port Talbot Steelworks, one of the biggest in the world, which employs an estimated 10% of the town's population. The steelworks has for many years been under threat of closure. Modern Port Talbot is a town formed from the merging of multiple villages, including Baglan and Aberafan; the name'Port Talbot' first appears in 1837 as the name of the new docks built on the south-east side of the river Afan by the Talbot family. Over time it came to be applied to the whole of the emerging conurbation; the earliest evidence of humans in the Port Talbot area has been found on the side of Mynydd Margam where Bronze Age farming ditches can be found from 4,000 BC. There were Iron Age hill forts on Mynydd Margam, Mynydd Emroch and other nearby hills. Mynydd Hawdef contains remains of an ancient Iron Age village.
The Margam deer herd was first introduced by the Romans. Ffynnon Pedr is a sacred spring or well which flows from the hillside through a 40 cm × 40 cm stone culvert in Margam; this may have been a water supply for Margam Abbey 0.75 kilometres to the East. The Cross of Brancuf an early Christian Sculptured Stone which stands in the church of St Catharine at Baglan, it is an inscription recalling Brancuf. It stood in the old St Baglan's church but that fell into ruin in the late 19th century and the slab was removed to St Catharine's. St Baglan, son of King Ithael Hoel of Brittany, was a 6th-century follower of St Illytud, he founded the first church at the town. In the vestry of St Catharine's church a cross-slab dating from the 8th-10th century CE, it is intricately decorated with a Celtic-style cross formed out of interlacing. There is a Latin inscription: FECIT BRANCUF or BRANCU which when translated reads'was made by Brancuf'. However, the person known as Brancuf is unknown; the English antiquarian John Leland made an extensive journey through Wales c.1536-39 of which he recorded an itinerary.
He passed through Aberafan, which he describes as a "poor village" surrounded by barren ground, though he describes the area as wooded, not much of which remains today. He mentions the use of the river mouth as a port, his portrayal of Aberafan as a small, struggling village suggests that the port was not in great use as traffic to and from Margam Abbey would have ceased following its dissolution in 1536. The area of the parish of Margam lying on the west bank of the lower Afan became industrialised following the establishment of a copperworks in 1770; the Afan was diverted and a dock was opened in 1839 named for the Talbot family, local landowners who were related to the pioneer photographer, William Henry Fox Talbot. The Talbots were patrons of Margam Abbey, built Margam Castle. Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot, a Liberal Member of Parliament for Glamorgan from 1830 until his death, saw the potential of his property as a site for an extensive ironworks, which opened in early 1831; the remains of a Chain Home Low early warning radar station are situated in Margam Country Park, dating from World War II.
Designed to guard against enemy surface craft and submarines in the Bristol Channel, the station comprises three squarish concrete buildings with flat roofs, set on the Margam ridge facing south-east and overlooking the Channel. The most north-westerly building retains the framework of a steel gantry, the base for a rectangular radar transmitter/receiver array, known as a'bedstead array' from its wires and framework, is believed to be a unique survivor within the British Isles. In 1970 a new deep-water harbour was opened by the Duke of Edinburgh; this harbour was capable of discharging iron ore vessels of 100,000 deadweight tonnage, a tenfold improvement on the old dock. By the early 21st century, due to further modification and dredging, the harbour is capable of harbouring vessels of over 170,000 DWT; the borough of Port Talbot was created in November 1921, incorporating Margam and Aberafan. It was therefore 85 years after the phrase'Port Talbot' was first used that it became recognised as the town's name.
Port Talbot was part of the historic county of Glamorgan. The 1974 county council re-organisation split Glamorgan into three new counties, Port Talbot became one of the four districts of West Glamorgan. Following the demise of West Glamorgan County Council in 1996, Port Talbot borough council was merged with Neath and part of Lliw Valley Districts to create the new unitary authority of Neath Port Talbot County Borough; the Civic Centre is located in Port Talbot, the town is represented by three of the 64 councillors that make up the county council. The centre of the town is covered by the Port Talbot ward for local council elections; the town is built along the eastern rim of Swansea Bay in a narrow strip of coastal plain surrounding the River Afan estuary. Swansea is visible on the opposite side of the bay; the local beach is known as Aberafan Sands and is situated along the edge of the bay between the River Afan and the River Neath. The other beach in Port Talbot is Margam Sands, popularly known as Morfa Beach.
The north-eastern edge of the town is marked by the River Neath. A landmark in the town is the Port Talbot Steelworks. With heavy industry and an urban motorway, Port Talbot was reported as having the worst air pollution in Wales in 2005 with a PM10 particulate level of 30 μg/m3 (micr