FC Daugava is a Latvian football club, based at the Daugava Stadium, in the city of Daugavpils. They play in the Latvian Second League in 2015 and are one of two representing the city. They are one of two clubs with the name Daugava and should not be confused with FK Daugava Rīga, in 2008 they won the Latvian Cup and in 2012 won the Latvian Higher League championship for the first time in the clubs history. The current manager of the team is Ivan Tabanov, the club was founded in 1944. They started the 1992 season with a team, but some experienced players were added to the squad. In 2006 Ditton were taken over by new investors, ukrainian manager Sergei Yuran was invited to join the team staff, but he was soon replaced by Sergei Kiriakov. That season the club achieved their highest position to that point, at the end of 2006, Russian businessman Igor Malishkov became the main shareholder in the club. It was his decision to change the name to FC Daugava. Meanwhile, he created a plan to develop the infrastructure of the club.
Malishkov invited Sergei Petrenko, who was famous for his success with Torpedo Moscow. Petrenko left in May 2007 for family reasons, in June 2007 Igor Gamula was appointed, but he only started managing the team in August 2008. Till the incumbent manager was Mihails Zemļinskis, on 19 July 2008 the Daugava Stadium was officially opened. That year the club won the Latvian Cup for the first time in its history, on 8 February 2009, due to financial problems, FC Daugava merged with Dinaburg and formed one team under the name of Dinaburg for the 2009 season. That season Dinaburg were relegated from the Latvian Higher League due to suspicions of participation in match fixing, Daugava decided to create a team that would play in the Latvian First League the following season, meanwhile Dinaburg ended its existence, stating that the clubs image was spoiled. As Daugavpils is one of the biggest cities in Latvia, the LFF came up with a proposal to offer Daugava a place in the Latvian Higher League, the offer was accepted and Daugava were given a chance to represent Daugavpils in the higher league in the 2010 season.
In 2011 the club achieved its best result until then, finishing third in the championship, in 2012 Daugava became the champions of the Latvian Higher League for the first time in the clubs history. Four other people, including the technical director, manager. The investigation is still in progress and is lead in cooperation of the Latvian Football Federation, UEFA
Skonto FC is a Latvian football club, founded in 1991. The club plays at the Skonto Stadium in Riga, Skonto won the Virsliga in the first 14 seasons of the leagues resumption, and often provides the core of the Latvia national football team. With those 14 national championships in a row, they set a European record and womens football combined, despite the financial struggle during the last few years, Skonto is still regarded as the flagship of Latvian and Baltic football. Skonto FC was founded in 1991, starting from its very beginnings the club won the Latvian championship 14 seasons in a row, and only in 2005 finished second after FK Liepājas Metalurgs. In 2006, Skonto finished third in a close contest with FK Liepājas Metalurgs, Skonto FC have won the Latvian Cup on eight occasions, acquiring the Cup most recently in 2012. In the same 1992 season, Skonto FC made its debut in the Champion’s League by beating the Faroe Islands champions Klaksvíkar Ítróttarfelag, after the season, a coach replacement was made and Aleksandrs Starkovs took over from Marks Zahodins.
For the next 10 years in the domestic league none of their rivals were able to offer significant opposition to Skonto, during the 1998 season, Skonto FC thrashed FK Valmiera 15–2. This saw the highest number of goals scored in a game in the clubs history. Defender Mihails Zemļinskis has made 252 appearances, the largest number of matches played in the ranks of Skonto FC during the Latvian championships and his 52 games played in the European cups are the highest number within the team. Mihails Miholaps is the top scorer of Skonto FC. He has scored 155 goals in 216 Latvian championship games, and 18 goals in 38 European cup matches, in July 2000 Skonto defender Igors Stepanovs was sold to the English Premier League club Arsenal for a fee around 1 million £. In January 2001 midfielder Juris Laizāns joined the Russian Premier League side CSKA Moscow for £1,57 million, the first major victory for Skonto FC players in the European cups was gained in 1994, when they defeated the Scottish club Aberdeen, the former European Super Cup winners.
Also, in 1999 they managed a 0–0 draw at home with Chelsea in a UEFA Champions League qualifier, Skonto FC played against Spanish Barcelona and Italian Internazionale. FK Ventspils players couldnt withstand the strain, whereas Skonto FC showed the spirit of champions, starting from 2005 Liepājas Metalurgs and FK Ventspils were in a close pursuit of Skonto, with their attempts proving to be successful. Jurijs Andrejevs was replaced by Paul Ashworth, who had worked with FK Ventspils and FK Rīga in the Latvian Higher League. On 8 July 2010, Skonto lost in the Europa League first qualifying round to the Northern Irish club Portadown, in the first leg Skonto drew 1–1 away from home after an equaliser in injury time. They lost 1–0 at home and went out to a team who hadnt won a European tie in 36 years, consolation came in the season, when Skonto drew 2–2 at home to win the Latvian Higher League title for the first time since 2004. It was yet again done under the management of Aleksandrs Starkovs, former player Vladimirs Koļesņičenko took over and, the clubs manager Marians Pahars accepted an offer to become the head coach of Latvia national U-21 football team
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a union of national republics, but its government. The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917 and this established the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic and started the Russian Civil War between the revolutionary Reds and the counter-revolutionary Whites. In 1922, the communists were victorious, forming the Soviet Union with the unification of the Russian, Ukrainian, following Lenins death in 1924, a collective leadership and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s. Stalin suppressed all opposition to his rule, committed the state ideology to Marxism–Leninism. As a result, the country underwent a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization which laid the foundation for its victory in World War II and postwar dominance of Eastern Europe. Shortly before World War II, Stalin signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact agreeing to non-aggression with Nazi Germany, in June 1941, the Germans invaded the Soviet Union, opening the largest and bloodiest theater of war in history.
Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at battles such as Stalingrad. Soviet forces eventually captured Berlin in 1945, the territory overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Eastern Bloc. The Cold War emerged by 1947 as the Soviet bloc confronted the Western states that united in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. Following Stalins death in 1953, a period of political and economic liberalization, known as de-Stalinization and Khrushchevs Thaw, the country developed rapidly, as millions of peasants were moved into industrialized cities. The USSR took a lead in the Space Race with Sputnik 1, the first ever satellite, and Vostok 1. In the 1970s, there was a brief détente of relations with the United States, the war drained economic resources and was matched by an escalation of American military aid to Mujahideen fighters. In the mid-1980s, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost.
The goal was to preserve the Communist Party while reversing the economic stagnation, the Cold War ended during his tenure, and in 1989 Soviet satellite countries in Eastern Europe overthrew their respective communist regimes. This led to the rise of strong nationalist and separatist movements inside the USSR as well, in August 1991, a coup détat was attempted by Communist Party hardliners. It failed, with Russian President Boris Yeltsin playing a role in facing down the coup. On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states
FK Daugava (2003)
FK Daugava Rīga was a Latvian football club, based at the Daugava Stadium in Riga. They play in the Latvian Higher League, the current manager of the team is Armands Zeiberliņš. From the clubs foundation in 2003 till 2009 the club was known as FK Jūrmala, in 2010 they changed their name to FK Jūrmala-VV, but in March 2012 the club moved to Riga, changing its name to FK Daugava Rīga. In its first season FK Jūrmala played in the Latvian First League, winning the championship, in its first season Jūrmala finished the top tier championship in the 5th position. Even more, in 2007 the team suffered a financial crisis, in the next few seasons clubs financial resources were limited and the club was on the verge of bankruptcy in 2010. The team was saved and it changed its name to FK Jūrmala-VV, even though the 2010 season was successful for Jūrmala-VV, financial problems hit yet again in 2011. Results suffered and the team managed to avoid relegation. After the end of the season there were discussions, whether the club should continue its existence or not, Jūrmala City Council didnt support this variant, so Jūrmala-VV were forced to look for other options.
In March 2012 a decision was made to move to Riga, because of changing the location club had to change its name too. It was changed to the current FK Daugava Rīga, Latvian Football Federation supported this variant, allowing the club to takeover the place of Jūrmala-VV in the Latvian Higher League. Daugava finished the 2012 season in 9th place in the table, winning 1–0 at home and 3–1 away the club managed to secure themselves a place in the next seasons championship. In 2013 Daugava Rīga achieved the best result in the history of the club finishing the championship in the top four. In their UEFA Europa League debut Daugava Rīga were beaten in the first qualifying round by the Scottish club Aberdeen, the 2014 season saw Daugava finish the league in the 7th position. The club was folded in 2015, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, non-EU Nationals EU Nationals Official website Latvian Football Federation website Daugava Riga at World Football. net
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing teams goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards normally score more goals on behalf of their team than other players, modern team formations generally include one to three forwards, for example, the common 4–2–3–1 formation includes one forward. Unconventional formations may include more than three forwards, or none, the centre-forward is often a tall player, typically known as a target man, whose main function is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the strikers or central attacking midfielders. The present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder, a centre-forward usually must be strong, to win key headers and outmuscle defenders. The term centre-forward is taken from the football playing formation in which there were five forward players.
The number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. Strikers are known for their ability to peel off defenders and to run into space via the side of the defender and to receive the ball in a good goalscoring position. They are typically fast players with ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short burst speed, a good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, and have the ability to pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. Deep-lying forwards have a history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years. Originally such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards, in fact, a coined term, the nine-and-a-half, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. In Italy, this role is known as a rifinitore or seconda punta, whereas in Brazil, it is known as segundo atacante.
An outside forward plays as the forward on the right or left wing – as an outside right or outside left. As football tactics have largely developed, and wingers have dropped back to become midfielders, many commentators and football analysts still refer to the wing positions as outside right and outside left. However, in the British game they are counted as part of the midfield. It is a duty to beat opposing full-backs, deliver cut-backs or crosses from wide positions and, to a lesser extent, to beat defenders. They are usually some of the quickest players in the team, in their Dutch and Portuguese usage, the defensive duties of the winger have been usually confined to pressing the opposition fullbacks when they have the ball
Goalkeeper (association football)
Goalkeeper, often shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football. It is the most specialised position in the sport, the goalkeepers primary role is to prevent the opposing team from successfully moving the ball over the defended goal-line. This is accomplished by the moving into the path of the ball. Within the penalty area goalkeepers are able to use their hands, goalkeepers usually perform goal kicks, and give commands to their defence during corner kicks and indirect free kicks, and marking. Goalkeepers play an important role in directing on field strategy as they have a view of the entire pitch. If an attacker on the opposing team obstructs the keeper from catching or saving the ball, for example, in a corner, it will normally be a free kick. If a goalkeeper is injured or sent off, a goalkeeper has to take their place. In order to replace a goalkeeper who is sent off, a team usually substitutes an outfield player for the backup keeper and they play the remainder of the match with nine outfield players.
Goalkeepers often have longer playing careers than players, many not retiring until their late thirties or early forties. This can be explained by noting that goalkeepers play a physically demanding position that requires significantly less running. For example, Peter Shilton played for 31 years between 1966 and 1997 before retiring at the age of 47. Because only one player can play in goal and the position is so specialised many professional teams on average especially at the highest level have one player as first-choice for many years, for example Gianlugi Buffon has played as first choice keeper for Juventus for more than 15 years. Petr Cech prior to his move to Aresnal was first choice keeper for Chelsea between 2004 and 2015, the squad number for a first choice goalkeeper is generally number 1. Although this is common, some goalkeepers now wear other numbers when in goal, association football, like many sports, has experienced many changes in tactics resulting in the generation and elimination of different positions.
Goalkeeper is the position that is certain to have existed since the codification of the sport. The earliest account of football teams with player positions comes from Richard Mulcaster in 1581, the earliest specific reference to keeping goal comes from Cornish Hurling in 1602. One of these is appointed by lots, to the one side, there is assigned for their guard, a couple of their best stopping Hurlers. Other references to scoring goals begin in English literature in the early 16th century, for example, in John Days play The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green, Ill play a gole at camp-ball
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their teams defenders and forwards, some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being mobile and efficient in passing, they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the teams formation, most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing teams attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who typically travel the greatest distance during a match, central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided roughly equally between attack and defence. When the opposing team has the ball, a midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward. The 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders, the 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, and in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder.
The term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who have abilities and are skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots. A good box-to-box midfielder needs good passing, control, stamina and marking in defence and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch. They may be asked to cross the ball into the penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1, a notable example of a right midfielder is David Beckham. Defensive midfielders are players who focus on protecting their teams goal. These players may defend a zone in front of their teams defence, defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude, The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someones position, great. A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their teams defence, a player in this role will try to protect their goal by disrupting the opponents attacking moves and stopping long shots on the goal.
The holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball and this player will make mostly short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the teams strategy
Mihails Miholaps is a former Latvian football striker. Currently he is the manager of the Latvian Higher League club SK Babīte and he has played 32 international matches and scored 2 goals for Latvia national team. He debuted in 1998, and played at the Euro 2004, Miholaps started his career in Vest Kaliningrad, and played for Baltika Kaliningrad, Daugava Riga, Spartak-Alania Vladikavkaz, Skonto Riga, FC Shakhter, FK Riga and Olimps/RFS. * - played games and goals Virsliga Top Scorer,1996,2001,2002,2006 Latvian Football Federation M. Miholaps, national-football-teams. com
Latvian Higher League
The SynotTip Latvian Higher League is a semi-professional football league and the top tier of association football in Latvia and is organised by the Latvian Football Federation. The new season kicks off in mid-March of every year, there are no games in winter because of the harsh climate. From 2005 until 2011, the league was sponsored by the telecommunications operator LMT, in 2012 the league was reorganised in partnership with the NGO Latvijas Futbola virslīga, adopting the NGOs name. Before the current season in March 2013, the signed a sponsorship deal with the microfinancing company SMScredit. lv. In March 2016, it was announced that the Virslīga would be sponsored by SynotTip on a three-year contract, from the first season back in 1991 to 2007, there were eight clubs in the Virslīga. During the course of the season club played all the other clubs four times, twice at their home stadium and twice at that of their opponents. After the 2007 season the league increased from eight to ten sides, in 2008 each side played the others four times.
At the end of the season, the lowest placed team are automatically relegated into Traffic 1, and the winner of the Traffic 1. The second lowest placed team in Virslīga and the team of 1. Liga play two matches for a place in the Virslīga the following season, the winner of Virslīga, the champion of Latvia, plays in the UEFA Champions League qualifying round. The second and third placed clubs play in the UEFA Europa League qualifying games, Sources, Bold Clubs playing in Virslīga. Italics Clubs no longer exist or joined to another club