Thomas Wade Brennaman is an American television sportscaster. He is the son of Cincinnati Reds radio sportscaster Marty Brennaman. After graduating in 1982 from Cincinnati's Anderson High School Thom attended Ohio University, where he was president of the Beta Kappa Chapter of Beta Theta Pi fraternity, he entered college uncertain of whether to follow in his father's footsteps and become a broadcaster. While at Ohio he joined station WATH, developing his own love for radio. After graduating in 1986, Brennaman worked as a sports reporter/anchor for WLWT-TV, the NBC affiliate in Cincinnati. During this same period, he worked as the television play-by-play announcer for the Cincinnati Reds alongside Major League Baseball Hall of Famer Johnny Bench. In the early 1990s he did Chicago Cubs broadcasts, alternating with Hall of Fame broadcaster Harry Caray between television and radio. In 1994, he was hired by Fox Sports to call the network's National Football League and Major League Baseball telecasts.
Brennaman has called college football and college basketball for FOX as well. He served as the first television voice for the Arizona Diamondbacks from 1998 to 2006 and left after the 2006 season to join his father Marty in Cincinnati. In 2006, Brennaman was named as Fox's lead play-by-play announcer for the Bowl Championship Series. In addition to calling the BCS National Championship Game, Brennaman called the 2007 Fiesta Bowl. On both broadcasts, Brennaman worked with former University of Wisconsin–Madison head coach Barry Alvarez, former University of Tennessee defensive back and current broadcaster Charles Davis. Brennaman called the 2008 Sugar Bowl and the 2009 Orange Bowl. Additionally, the Big Ten Network named Brennaman as its lead play-by-play announcer for college football games for two seasons beginning in September 2007, he would return to calling NFL games for Fox full-time in 2009, working with Brian Billick but filling in as lead announcer while Joe Buck did the MLB playoffs. However, in 2018, he will be filling in for Kenny Albert on the #3 team alongside with Troy Aikman and Erin Andrews for the Packers-Rams game.
Prior to that, Brennaman had been the voice of the Cotton Bowl Classic on Fox from 2000 to 2006. Brennaman, along with Brian Billick, Laura Okmin, Chris Myers called the 2012 NFC Divisional Playoff matchup between the Seattle Seahawks and the Atlanta Falcons instead of Kenny Albert, Daryl Johnston, Tony Siragusa; this was Brennaman's first time calling an NFL playoff game, although Brennaman and Billick called the 2011 Pro Bowl along with Terry Bradshaw and sideline reporters Tony Siragusa and Jay Glazer. On October 3, 2006, Cincinnati Reds owner Robert Castellini hired Brennaman through the 2010 season to announce 45 Reds games on FS Ohio television and 45 games on the Cincinnati Reds Radio Network, flagship station being 700 WLW, his father's contract with the Reds was set to expire after the 2010 season. Both Thom and Marty continue to broadcast for the Cincinnati Reds. Brennaman was a part of Fox Sports' #2 baseball broadcast team from the beginning of Fox's involvement in Major League Baseball in 1996 until 2015.
He has teamed with Bob Brenly, Steve Lyons, Joe Girardi, Eric Karros. In this capacity, he called play-by-play for numerous postseason games from 1996 until 2006. From 2007 to 2013, the #2 team was not given any postseason assignments due to Fox not holding the rights to any concurrent postseason series. In 2014, Brennaman and Karros began to split the # 2 role with John Smoltz. Fox returned to using multiple broadcast teams in the postseason that year, however and Karros were passed over in favor of Vasgersian and Smoltz for the playoff assignment. In 2015, Matt Vasgersian and Smoltz took over the role full-time, with Brennaman pretty much ending his active MLB on FOX role. Brennaman will move over to the Reds broadcasts full-time. Brennaman has contributed voice-over work for video games Microsoft Baseball 2001, All-Star Baseball 2002, All-Star Baseball 2003–2005 for GameCube, PlayStation 2 and Xbox, he has done college basketball announcing for CBS Radio and Fox Sports Net cable. He is a spokesman for CBTS, a Cincinnati Bell company, in television commercials.
He called basketball games for the Cincinnati Bearcats and Fox College Hoops
In baseball statistics, a hit called a base hit, is credited to a batter when the batter safely reaches first base after hitting the ball into fair territory, without the benefit of an error or a fielder's choice. To achieve a hit, the batter must reach first base before any fielder can either tag him with the ball, throw to another player protecting the base before the batter reaches it, or tag first base while carrying the ball; the hit is scored the moment. If a batter reaches first base because of offensive interference by a preceding runner, he is credited with a hit. A hit for one base is called a single, for two bases a double, for three bases a triple. A home run is scored as a hit. Doubles and home runs are called extra base hits. An "infield hit" is a hit. Infield hits are uncommon by nature, most earned by speedy runners. A no-hitter is a game. Throwing a no-hitter is rare and considered an extraordinary accomplishment for a pitcher or pitching staff. In most cases in the professional game, no-hitters are accomplished by a single pitcher who throws a complete game.
A pitcher who throws a no-hitter could still allow runners to reach base safely, by way of walks, hit batsmen, or batter reaching base due to interference or obstruction. If the pitcher allows no runners to reach base in any manner whatsoever, the no-hitter is a perfect game. In 1887, Major League Baseball counted bases on balls as hits; the result was skyrocketing batting averages, including some near.500. The experiment was abandoned the following season. There is controversy regarding; the number of legitimate walks and at-bats are known for all players that year, so computing averages using the same method as in other years is straightforward. In 1968, Major League Baseball formed a Special Baseball Records Committee to resolve this issues; the Committee ruled. In 2000, Major League Baseball reversed its decision, ruling that the statistics which were recognized in each year's official records should stand in cases where they were proven incorrect. Most current sources list O'Neill's 1887 average as.435.
He would retain his American Association batting championship. However, the variance between methods results in differing recognition for the 1887 National League batting champion. Cap Anson would be recognized, with his.421 average, if walks are included, but Sam Thompson would be the champion at.372 if they are not. The official rulebook of Major League Baseball states in Rule 10.05: The official scorer shall credit a batter with a base hit when: the batter reaches first base safely on a fair ball that settles on the ground, that touches a fence before being touched by a fielder or that clears a fence. The batter reaches first base safely on a fair ball that takes an unnatural bounce so that a fielder cannot handle it with ordinary effort, or that touches the pitcher's plate or any base before being touched by a fielder and bounces so that a fielder cannot handle the ball with ordinary effort. Rule 10.05 Comment: In applying Rule 10.05, the official scorer shall always give the batter the benefit of the doubt.
A safe course for the official scorer to follow is to score a hit when exceptionally good fielding of a ball fails to result in a putout. The official scorer shall not credit a base hit when a: runner is forced out by a batted ball, or would have been forced out except for a fielding error; the official scorer shall charge the batter with an at-bat but not a hit. The official scorer shall charge the batter with an at-bat but not a hit.
Michael John Winters is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1988 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000, wearing number 33. For the 2011 season, Winters was named a crew chief following the retirements of Jerry Crawford, Mike Reilly, Chuck Meriwether, he umpired in the minor leagues from 1982 to 1989 before joining the NL's regular staff in 1990. Winters has worn uniform number 33 his entire career, he has officiated the All-Star Game in 1995, 2007, 2010, 2016, the Division Series in 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2018, the League Championship Series in 1997, 2004, 2008, 2011, 2012, the 2002, 2006, 2010, 2015 World Series. He was crew chief for the Division Series in 1998, 1999, 2014, 2018. On September 23, 2007, Winters was accused of "baiting" San Diego Padres outfielder Milton Bradley in a game against the Colorado Rockies; when Bradley came to the plate in the eighth inning, plate umpire Brian Runge asked him if he had thrown his bat toward Runge following a strikeout in the fifth inning.
Bradley asked Runge if Winters had told him that. Runge said. After reaching first base, Bradley asked Winters if he had told Runge that Bradley had thrown his bat toward Runge, Winters told him that he had indeed thrown his bat. Bradley began arguing about the allegation, Winters replied that he should "shut the fuck up and play the game," whereupon Bradley continued to argue and complained that Winters was "treating him like a piece of shit." Winters replied that Bradley was a "fucking piece of shit," after which Bradley lunged at Winters and tore an anterior cruciate ligament in his knee while being restrained by manager Bud Black. Bradley called Winters' reaction "the most unprofessional and most ridiculous thing I've seen. It's terrible, and now, because of him, my knee's hurt." Three days Major League Baseball suspended Winters for the remainder of the 2007 season due to his aiming a profanity at Bradley. Former Giants player Charlie Hayes accused Winters of telling him to "go fuck himself" after Hayes was ejected for arguing balls and strikes in a June 1998 game, after which Hayes had to be restrained by manager Dusty Baker.
Winters denied. On August 17, 1992, Winters was the home plate umpire for Kevin Gross' no-hitter. On June 28, 2007, Winters was at second base when Toronto Blue Jay Frank Thomas hit his 500th career home run off Minnesota Twins pitcher Carlos Silva. In the game, Thomas was ejected by plate umpire Mark Wegner for arguing balls and strikes, with Toronto manager John Gibbons getting thrown out, he was chosen as one of the umpires for the one-game Wild Card playoff between the Atlanta Braves and the St. Louis Cardinals on October 5, 2012. On July 13, 2013, Winters served as the third base umpire for Tim Lincecum's no-hitter vs San Diego, his first no-hitter as a crew chief. Winters served as one of three MLB umpire representatives for the November 2014 MLB Japan All-Star Series. Winters was chosen as the crew chief in the 2017 American League Wild Card Game. Winters went to college at San Diego State University and he lives in Carlsbad, California, he completed the New York City Marathon in 2007. List of Major League Baseball umpires MLB.com profile Retrosheet
Minute Maid Park
Minute Maid Park known as The Ballpark at Union Station, Enron Field, Astros Field, is a ballpark in Downtown Houston, United States, that opened in 2000 to house the Houston Astros of Major League Baseball. The ballpark is Houston's first retractable-roofed stadium, features a natural grass playing field; the ballpark was built as a replacement of the Astrodome, the first domed sports stadium built, which opened in 1965. It is named for beverage brand Minute Maid, a subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, which acquired naming rights in 2002 for $100 million over 30 years; as of 2016, Minute Maid Park has a seating capacity of 41,168, which includes 5,197 club seats and 63 luxury suites. In 1909, during the time when West End Park was Houston's premier ballpark, the Houston Belt and Terminal Railway Company commissioned the design of a new union station for the city from New York City-based architects Warren and Wetmore; the location called for the demolition of several structures of Houston prominence.
Horace Baldwin Rice's residence and Adath Yeshurun Congregation's synagogue among other structures were removed. With an original estimated cost of US$1 million, Union Station was constructed by the American Construction Company for an eventual total of five times that amount. Exterior walls were constructed of granite and terracotta, while the interior used an extensive amount of marble, it was completed and opened on March 1, 1911. At the time, with seventeen railways, was considered the main railroad hub of the Southern United States; this is evident by the Seal of Houston, which prominently features a locomotive. Two more floors were added the following year; the station served as the main inter-city passenger terminal for Houston for over seven decades thereafter. Passenger rail declined after World War II, the last regularly-scheduled train, the Lone Star, moved its service to Houston's current Amtrak station on July 31, 1974. With this move, the building became abandoned. On November 10, 1977, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places by the National Park Service.
In August 1995, Astros owner Drayton McLane leasing the Astrodome from Harris County, commented to the Houston Chronicle that he was not in the market for a new ballpark. In reference to Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium and Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium, McLane noted, " I remember when those were built in the 1970s and those were as good a stadiums as there were, they were the most modern stadiums in the world, now they're saying they're all bad. That they can't make a go of it without a new stadium, it helps, but there are other things involved."Later that year, Houston's NFL franchise and joint-tenant of the Astrodome, the Houston Oilers, announced that they were leaving to Nashville, Tennessee in order to have a new stadium built for the team there. Citing a lack of adequate luxury boxes, in October, Astros Vice-President Bob McClaren claimed that renovations to the Astrodome would help increase revenue. Drayton McLane pointed toward Astrodome renovations as necessary saying "It's 30 years old and not a lot of money has been spent to remodel it."
According to the organization, the team was in danger of being sold to a Virginia businessman, expected to move the Astros to Washington D. C. because of poor revenue. In June 1996, University of Houston alumnus, BMC Software and San Diego Padres owner, John J. Moores, who wanted to own the next NFL franchise in Houston, met with Texas State Senator Mario Gallegos, Jr. and other local Hispanic leaders in regards to the future of a football-only Astrodome and a new baseball-only ballpark in Downtown Houston. Meanwhile, Harris County Judge Robert Eckels pieced together a plan to build a new ballpark next to the Astrodome in the Astrodomain; the Astros echoed the Astrodomain location sentiment because they believed construction time would be shorter. Eckels, who convinced Mayor Bob Lanier of the lack of viability for the ballpark in a downtown location, was quoted as saying, "They keep telling me about these miracles in other cities, but it doesn't work in Houston If we are going to put this stadium some place, let's stick with a proven place."
This plan was considered to be nearly finalized when the Astros and Harris County agreed to a US$250 million county-funded stadium whose overrun costs would be funded by the Astros. In August 1996, Houston's Union Station received a US$2 million grant from the Texas Transportation Commission for renovation in a separate project. Plans for the new ballpark's location drastically changed by September in response to Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay's input and pledge to contribute to funding if placed downtown, it was at this time. Upon an agreement between all of the leadership entities, the idea of a retractable roof stadium was confirmed for the new ballpark. A November referendum was planned for Harris County residents to approve the deal; the Harris County referendum that took place on November 5, 1996, to help fund the ballpark passed by a narrow margin of 51% to 49%. In response to the referendum, during the 75th Texas Legislature Texas State Senator John Whitmire of Houston sponsored a bill supported by five of the six area Harris County senators that would create the Harris County-Houston Sports Authority.
With companion House Bill 92 authored by Houston-born Representative Kim Brimer voted upon and adopted by both chambers, the authorization for creation of a sports authority was approved. It was signed into law by Governor George W. Bush on June 2, 1997; the Harris County-Houston Sports Authority would assist in financing for the new ballpark as well as allow for renovation of the Astrodome by allowing for special
Timothy James Welke is a former American professional baseball umpire. He worked in the American League from 1984 to 1999 and has worked throughout Major League Baseball from 2000 to 2015, he had been a crew chief since 2000. Welke wore number 30 when he joined the American League staff switched to 3 after the AL and National League umpiring staffs merged in 2000, his brother Bill is a major league umpire. Tim has umpired in four World Series, seven League Championship Series, eight Division Series and two All-Star Games. A youth baseball umpire since the age of 16, Welke entered minor league umpiring in 1977, he appeared in the Gulf Coast League, Florida State League, Eastern League, American Association, Florida Instructional League and Dominican Winter League prior to his major league promotion in 1984. Welke umpired in the World Series in 1996, 2000, 2003, 2008, he worked the League Championship Series in 1991, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2011. He served as crew chief for the NLCS in 2004 and 2006, the ALCS in 2011 and the ALDS in 1995 and 2000.
He was the crew chief for the 2008 World Series. He umpired in the All-Star Game in 1990, 2005, 2015. Welke spent 2008-2010 on the same umpiring crew as his brother Bill. On April 29, 1986, he was the first base umpire when Roger Clemens of the Boston Red Sox achieved a record 20 strikeouts against the Seattle Mariners. Welke ejected Atlanta Braves manager Bobby Cox from game six of the 1996 World Series, the most recent World Series ejection. Welke was the first base umpire for Roy Halladay's perfect game on May 29, 2010. In a May 2, 2012 game between the Los Angeles Dodgers and Colorado Rockies at Coors Field, Welke made a controversial out call at first base against Jerry Hairston, Jr. though first baseman Todd Helton's foot came well off the bag. Welke admitted that he had missed the call. Hairston subsequently defended Welke and described him as "a good umpire for a long time."He served as crew chief for the 2014 Opening Series in Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground. In a September 16, 2014 game between the Washington Nationals and Atlanta Braves at Turner Field following an Ian Desmond two-run homer, Bryce Harper came up to bat.
On an 0-1 count, an unruly Braves fan shouted profanity-laced insults at Harper. Upon hearing what the fan said, Welke took off his mask and ordered a nearby usher to remove the heckler from the ballpark. Harper struck out during the same at bat, but that did not stop the Nationals from clinching the NL East with a 3-0 win over the Braves. On March 18, 2016, Welke announced his retirement after undergoing knee replacement surgery on one knee and a planned second surgery on the other knee. Welke lives in his native state of Michigan, he attended Glen Oaks Community College. He is married with three children. List of Major League Baseball umpires Major league profile Retrosheet
Steve Lyons (baseball)
Stephen John Lyons is a former professional baseball player who works as a television sportscaster for the New England Sports Network. He played in Major League Baseball for four teams over a period of nine seasons, including four stints with the Boston Red Sox, he was an outfielder and third baseman, but found a niche as a utility player. After his retirement as a player, he became a television baseball commentator. Lyons was born in 1960 Tacoma and grew up in Eugene and Beaverton, Oregon, his father, Richard Lyons, was a star athlete at Hudson High School in Massachusetts, who encouraged him to play baseball. He attended Marist Catholic High School in Eugene, before graduating from Beaverton High School in 1978, he attended Oregon State on a partial baseball scholarship. After his junior year, Lyons was a first round draft pick by the Boston Red Sox in the 1981 MLB draft. At the start of his professional career, Lyons played for four teams in Boston's farm system: the Class A Winston-Salem Red Sox in 1981, the Double-A Bristol Red Sox in 1982, the Double-A New Britain Red Sox in 1983, the Triple-A Pawtucket Red Sox in 1984.
He had a.248 batting average while hitting 43 home runs and 222 RBIs in 462 minor league games. After playing for 3 1⁄2 years in the minor leagues, Lyons was promoted to the Red Sox in 1985, due in large part to having an impressive spring training. Lyons made his major league debut with the Red Sox on April 15, as a pinch runner at age 24, he collected. Starting in early June, Lyons became Boston's regular center fielder. In 1986, Lyons appeared in 59 games through late June, batting.250 with 14 RBIs. On May 10, he was ejected for the only time in his MLB career, by umpire Terry Cooney after arguing a called third strike. Lyons was traded to the Chicago White Sox for pitcher Tom Seaver on June 29, 1986. For the remainder of the 1986 season, Lyons played 42 games with the White Sox, batting.203 with six RBIs. During 1987, Lyons split time between Chicago and their Triple-A affiliate, the Hawaii Islanders of the Pacific Coast League. With the White Sox, he batted.280 with 19 RBIs in 76 games. Lyons spent all of the 1988 season with Chicago, batting.269 with five home runs and 45 RBIs in 146 games.
In 1989, he appeared in 140 games, batting.264 with 50 RBIs. He played 94 games in 1990, batting.192 with 11 RBIs. In parts of five seasons with the White Sox, Lyons appeared in 497 games, batting.255 with nine home runs and 131 RBIs. Lyons was released by the White Sox on April 13, 1991. Lyons played every defensive position as well as designated hitter, pinch hitter, pinch runner during his time with the White Sox, he has the rare distinction of having played all nine defensive positions in a single game at the major league level, although in an exhibition contest. The "Windy City Classic," between the Chicago Cubs and the White Sox, took place at Wrigley Field on April 23, 1990. Per standard baseball notation, Lyons' positions during the game were, in order: 2-3-7-8-6-9-5-9-1-4. Lyons signed with Boston on April 18, 1991. With the 1991 Red Sox he played in 87 games, batting.241 with 17 RBIs. After the season, Lyons became a free agent. Lyons signed with the Atlanta Braves in January 1992, he played 11 games for them, batting 1-for-14 with one RBI.
The Braves released him at the end of April. Lyons signed with the Montreal Expos on May 8, 1992, he played 16 games for them, batting 3-for-13 with one RBI. The Expos sold Lyons to the Red Sox on June 27, 1992. Through the end of the season, Lyons played 21 games for Boston, batting 7-for-28 with two RBIs, he played 37 games with Triple-A Pawtucket. After the season, Lyons again became a free agent. Chicago CubsLyons signed with the Chicago Cubs in early February 1993, was released in late March. Lyons again signed with Boston on May 7, 1993. With the 1993 Red Sox he appeared in 28 games, batting 3-for-23, he appeared in 67 Triple-A games with Pawtucket. Lyons' final MLB game was on October 3, when he played right field and second base in a 14-inning loss to the Milwaukee Brewers, he did not continue his playing career. In parts of five seasons with the Red Sox, Lyons played in 328 games, batting.251 with 10 home runs and 63 RBIs. Lyons' overall MLB career totals include a.252 batting average, 19 home runs, 196 RBIs in 853 games.
He appeared twice as a relief pitcher, giving up four hits and one run in three innings pitched for a 3.00 ERA, while walking four and striking out two. Lyons's colorful personality earned him the nickname "Psycho." He was known for such eccentricities as playing tic-tac-toe and hangman against opposing players during games, using spikes to mark the infield dirt. His most remembered incident occurred at Tiger Stadium in Detroit on a Monday night in 1990. In a televised game played on July 16, he created a stir, replayed countless times. After sliding headfirst into first base to beat out a bunt hit, Lyons pulled down his pants to empty the dirt out and brush off his shirttail. After a few seconds, he realized what he had just done and pulled them up, humorously embarrassed. Although wearing sliding
Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the Red Sox have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of any MLB team, they have played in 13. Their most recent appearance and win was in 2018. In addition, they won the 1904 American League pennant, but were not able to defend their 1903 World Series championship when the New York Giants refused to participate in the 1904 World Series. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912; the "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, circa 1908, following the lead of previous teams, known as the "Boston Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918.
However, they went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged inception due to the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2018 World Series, they became the first team to win four World Series trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004, 2007, 2013 and 2018. Red Sox history has been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports; the Boston Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which owns Liverpool F.
C. of the Premier League in England. The Red Sox are one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park prevents them from leading in overall attendance. From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games for a major professional sports record. Both Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline", The Standells's "Dirty Water" have become anthems for the Red Sox; the name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning in 1908. Sox had been adopted for the Chicago White Sox by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type did not fit in a column. The team name "Red Sox" had been used as early as 1888 by a'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia; the Spanish language media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox"; the Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players.
Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston businessman Ivers Whitney Adams to organize a new team in Boston, he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along; the Boston Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was reserved for them once again, the Boston team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912. In 1901, the upstart American League established a competing club in Boston. For seven seasons, the AL team had no official nickname, they were "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons". Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American."
Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets", "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites"", "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was used, if at all, during the team's early years. The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam, sung at the 1907 home opener; this nickname was used during that season because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League club in Boston, though called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the Nat