S. S. Cosmos is a Sanmarinese football club, based in Serravalle and founded in 1979. Cosmos plays in Girone A of Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio; the team's colors are yellow. The club is named after the New York Cosmos team. Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio: 12000–01Coppe Titano: 41980, 1981, 1995, 1999San Marino Federal Trophy: 31995, 1998, 1999 Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. President: Luca Della Balda Segretary: Stefano Bevitori Club Director: Maximiliano Gobbi Treasurer: Federico Pedini Amati Cassiere: Federico Marzi Head Coach: Roberto Sarti Coach 2^: Ivan Toccaceli Team Manager: Francesco Donnini Masseur: Urbinati Sergio Contributor: Christian Paolini www.cosmos.sm
City of San Marino
The City of San Marino is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044, it is on the western slopes of Monte Titano. Although not the capital, most of the businesses are in Borgo Maggiore, it is the third largest city in the country, after Borgo Maggiore. It borders the San Marino municipalities Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality San Leo. Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino is centered here. Due to its being the capital and the only city in San Marino, the history of this city is the same as the History of San Marino. For more information on that topic, see that article; the city was founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees in the year 301. From on the city became a center of Christian refugees who fled from Roman persecution; the urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, constructed in the 11th century, was famous for being impenetrable, which to a great extent discouraged attacks on the city.
Due to the Crusades, it was felt necessary to construct Cesta. But the Sanmarinense defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano. With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sanmarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up San Marino; the City of San Marino has the following 7 parishes or wards: Cà Berlone, Casole, Montalbo, Santa Mustiola The economy of the city of San Marino has always been bound to that of the country. Until the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, sale of postage stamps, a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline; the city is visited by more than three million people per year, has developed progressively as a tourist centre.
Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products. Basilica di San Marino Palazzo dei Capitani Palazzo Pubblico The Three Towers of San Marino Piazza del Titano Piazza Garibaldi Monastery of Santa Clara Grand Hotel San Marino The town is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Superhighway. San Marino is notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the town center. Before the Second World War, a railway was built from San Marino to Rimini under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini, its tunnels, the railway station'Piazzale Lo Stradone', still exist. Proposals for the reopening of this railway have been presented to the government on several occasions, but thus far without action. There is a regular bus service to Rimini, a 1.5 kilometres cable car line connects the capital with Borgo Maggiore. A series of lifts connects the upper part of town with the lower.
The city of San Marino has two football teams: the S. S. Murata and the S. P. Tre Penne; the city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics. City of San Marino is twinned with: San Leo, Italy Rab, Croatia Rønne, Denmark Scranton, United States Media related to San Marino at Wikimedia Commons San Marino's page on giuntedicastello.sm
UEFA Europa League
The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs. Clubs qualify for the competition based on their performance in their national leagues and cup competitions, it is the second-tier competition of European club football, ranking below the UEFA Champions League. Called the UEFA Cup, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League since the 2009–10 season, following a change in format. For UEFA footballing records purposes, the UEFA Cup and UEFA Europa League are considered the same competition, with the change of name being a rebranding. In 1999, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was merged with the UEFA Cup. For the 2004–05 competition a group stage was added prior to the knockout phase; the 2009 re-branding included a merge with the UEFA Intertoto Cup, producing an enlarged competition format, with an expanded group stage and a change in qualifying criteria. The winner of the UEFA Europa League qualifies for the UEFA Super Cup and, since the 2014–15 season, the following season's UEFA Champions League, entering at the group stage.
The title has been won by 28 clubs. The most successful club in the competition is Sevilla, with five titles; the current champions are Atlético Madrid, after defeating Marseille in the final to win the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League. The UEFA Cup was preceded by the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, a European football competition played between 1955 and 1971; the competition grew from 11 teams during the first cup to 64 teams by the last cup, played in 1970–71. It had become so important on the European football scene that in the end it was taken over by UEFA and relaunched the following season as the UEFA Cup; the UEFA Cup was first played in the 1971–72 season, with an all-English final of Wolverhampton Wanderers against Tottenham Hotspur, with Spurs taking the first honours. The title was retained by another English club, Liverpool, in 1973, who defeated Borussia Mönchengladbach in the final. Borussia would win the competition in 1975 and 1979, reach the final again in 1980. Feyenoord Rotterdam won the cup in 1974 after defeating Tottenham Hotspur with 4-2 in aggregate.
Liverpool won the competition for the second time in 1976 after defeating Club Brugge in the final. During the 1980s, IFK Göteborg and Real Madrid won the competition twice each, with Anderlecht reaching two consecutive finals, winning in 1983 and losing to Tottenham Hotspur in 1984; the year 1989 saw the commencement of the Italian clubs' domination, when Diego Maradona's Napoli defeated Stuttgart. The 1990s started with two all-Italian finals, in 1992, Torino lost the final to Ajax on the away goals rule. Juventus won the competition for a third time in 1993 and Internazionale kept the cup in Italy the following year; the year 1995 saw a third all-Italian final, with Parma proving their consistency, after two consecutive Cup Winners' Cup finals. The only final with no Italians during that decade was in 1996. Internazionale reached the final the following two years, losing in 1997 to Schalke 04 on penalties, winning yet another all-Italian final in 1998, taking home the cup for the third time in only eight years.
Parma won the cup in 1999. Liverpool won the competition for the third time in 2001. In 2002 Feyenoord Rotterdam won it for the 2nd time in the club history by defeating Borussia Dortmund during the final in their own stadium, Stadion Feijenoord in Rotterdam with 3-2. Porto triumphed with the latter against Portuguese team Braga. In 2004, the cup returned to Spain with Valencia being victorious, Sevilla succeeded on two consecutive occasions in 2006 and 2007, the latter in a final against fellow Spaniards Espanyol. Either side of Sevilla's success, two Russian teams, CSKA Moscow in 2005 and Zenit Saint Petersburg in 2008, had their glory and yet another former Soviet club, Ukraine's Shakhtar Donetsk, won in 2009. Atlético Madrid would themselves win twice in three seasons, in 2010 and 2012, the latter in another all-Spanish final. In 2013, Chelsea would become the first Champions League holders to win the UEFA Cup/Europa League the following year. In 2014, Sevilla won their third cup in eight years after defeating Benfica on penalties.
Just one year in 2015, Sevilla won their fourth UEFA Cup/Europa League and, in an unprecedented feat, they defended their title a third year in a row beating Liverpool FC in the 2016 final, making Sevilla FC the most successful team in the history of the competition with 5 titles. Since the 2009–10 season, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League. At the same time, the UEFA Intertoto Cup, UEFA's third-tier competition, was discontinued and merged into the new Europa League. UEFA had considered adding a third-tier competition since at least 2015, believing that a bottom-level tournament could act as a means of giving clubs from lower-ranked UEFA member countries to have a chance of progressing to the stages beyond the stages they traditionally would be eliminated in the Champions League and Europa League. In mid-2018 talk of an announcement intensified, with news sources claiming an agreement had been reached for the competition to be launched and that the 48-team Europa League group stage would be split into two, with the lower-half forming the nucleus of what would be the new event.
On 2 December 2018, UEFA announced that the competition – provisionally known as "Europa League 2" or just "UEL2" – was to be launched as part of the 2021–24 three-year competition cycle, with UEFA announcing that the new tournament would bring "more matches for more clubs and more
UEFA Champions League
The UEFA Champions League is an annual club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations and contested by top-division European clubs. It is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world and the most prestigious club competition in European football, played by the national league champions of the strongest UEFA national associations. Introduced in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs' Cup, more known as the European Cup, it was a straight knockout tournament open only to the champion club of each national championship; the competition took on its current name in 1992, adding a round-robin group stage and allowing multiple entrants from certain countries. It has since been expanded, while most of Europe's national leagues can still only enter their champion, the strongest leagues now provide up to five teams. Clubs that finish next-in-line in their national league, having not qualified for the Champions League, are eligible for the second-tier UEFA Europa League competition.
In its present format, the Champions League begins in late June with four knockout qualifying rounds and a play-off round. The 6 surviving teams enter the group stage; the 32 teams are drawn into eight groups of four teams and play each other in a double round-robin system. The eight group winners and eight runners-up proceed to the knockout phase that culminates with the final match in May; the winner of the Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup. The competition has been won by 22 clubs. Real Madrid is the most successful club in the tournament's history, having won it 13 times, including its first five seasons. Real Madrid are the reigning champions. Spanish clubs have the highest number of victories, followed by Italy. England has the largest number of winning teams, with five clubs having won the title; the first pan-European tournament was the Challenge Cup, a competition between clubs in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Mitropa Cup, a competition modelled after the Challenge Cup, was created in 1927, an idea of Austrian Hugo Meisl, played between Central European clubs.
In 1930, the Coupe des Nations, the first attempt to create a cup for national champion clubs of Europe, was played and organised by Swiss club Servette. Held in Geneva, it brought together ten champions from across the continent; the tournament was won by Újpest of Hungary. Latin European nations came together to form the Latin Cup in 1949. After receiving reports from his journalists over the successful Campeonato Sudamericano de Campeones of 1948, Gabriel Hanot, editor of L'Équipe, began proposing the creation of a continent-wide tournament. After Stan Cullis declared Wolverhampton Wanderers "Champions of the World" following a successful run of friendlies in the 1950s, in particular a 3–2 friendly victory against Budapest Honvéd, Hanot managed to convince UEFA to put into practice such a tournament, it was conceived in Paris in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs' Cup. The first edition of the European Cup took place during the 1955–56 season. Sixteen teams participated: Milan, AGF Aarhus, Djurgården, Gwardia Warszawa, Partizan, PSV Eindhoven, Rapid Wien, Real Madrid, Rot-Weiss Essen, Saarbrücken, Sporting CP, Stade de Reims, Vörös Lobogó.
The first European Cup match took place on 4 September 1955, ended in a 3–3 draw between Sporting CP and Partizan. The first goal in European Cup history was scored by João Baptista Martins of Sporting CP; the inaugural final took place at the Parc des Princes between Stade de Real Madrid. The Spanish squad came back from behind to win 4–3 thanks to goals from Alfredo Di Stéfano and Marquitos, as well as two goals from Héctor Rial. Real Madrid defended the trophy next season in their home stadium, the Santiago Bernabéu, against Fiorentina. After a scoreless first half, Real Madrid scored twice in six minutes to defeat the Italians. In 1958, Milan failed to capitalise after going ahead on the scoreline twice, only for Real Madrid to equalise; the final held in Heysel Stadium went to extra time where Francisco Gento scored the game-winning goal to allow Real Madrid to retain the title for the third consecutive season. In a rematch of the first final, Real Madrid faced Stade Reims at the Neckarstadion for the 1958–59 season final winning 2–0.
West German side Eintracht Frankfurt became the first non-Latin team to reach the European Cup final. The 1959–60 season finale still holds the record for the most goals scored, with Real Madrid beating Eintracht Frankfurt 7-3 in Hampden Park, courtesy of four goals by Ferenc Puskás and a hat-trick by Alfredo Di Stéfano; this was a record that still stands today. Real Madrid's reign ended in the 1960–61 season when bitter rivals Barcelona dethroned them in the first round. Barcelona themselves, would be defeated in the final by Portuguese side Benfica 3–2 at Wankdorf Stadium. Reinforced by Eusébio, Benfica defeated Real Madrid 5–3 at the Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam and kept the title for a second, consecutive season. Benfica wanted to repeat Real Madrid's successful run of the 1950s after reaching the showpiece event of the 1962–63 European Cup, but a brace from Brazilian-Italian José Altafini at the Wembley Stadi
Faetano is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of San Marino. It has 1,177 inhabitants in an area of 7,75 km², it borders on the San Marino municipalities Montegiardino, Borgo Maggiore, Domagnano and the Italian municipalities Coriano and Sassofeltrio. It was attached voluntarily to San Marino in 1463 in the last territorial expansion. Faetano has four parishes: Cà Chiavello, Corianino, Monte Pulito Media related to Faetano at Wikimedia Commons
Domagnano is a municipality in San Marino. It has 3,565 inhabitants in an area of 6.62 km². It borders the San Marino municipalities Faetano, Borgo Maggiore and the Italian municipality Coriano. Domagnano known as Montelupo after its coat of arms, was colonized by Roman times and was first mentioned in c. 1300. It is located on Monte Titano and you can see the Adriatic Sea from here; the so-called Domagnano Treasure was found in the castle here in the late nineteenth century. It is now split between a number of museums, but the largest portions of the treasure are kept at the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg and the British Museum. Domagnano has got 5 parishes: Cà Giannino, Piandivello, Spaccio Giannoni, Torraccia Media related to Domagnano at Wikimedia Commons
Chiesanuova is a minor municipality of San Marino. It has a population of 1,143 inhabitants in an area of 5.46 km². It borders the San Marino municipalities San Marino and Fiorentino and the Italian municipalities Sassofeltrio and San Leo; the medieval castle of Busignano was situated in this area and in 1320 its inhabitants decided to join San Marino. The name Chiesanuova dates back to the 16th century around the time of rebuilding of the church of Saint Giovanni Battista in Curte, which no longer exists. Chiesanuova has 7 parishes: Caladino, Galavotto, Poggio Casalino, Poggio Chiesanuova, Teglio