2005 Indian Institute of Science shooting
The December 2005 IISc shooting occurred on Wednesday, 28 December 2005 at the Indian Institute of Science in the Indian city of Bangalore, killing Prof. Munish Chandra Puri of IIT Delhi and injuring four, after two or more unidentified gunmen fired at Puri and others; the state government of Karnataka declared the shooting to be a terrorist attack, making it the first such attack in Bangalore. At around 7:00 pm local time, two people entered the IISc campus in a white Ambassador car. At around 7:20 pm, delegates attending the International Conference on Operations Research: Applications in Infrastructure Development, organised by the Operations Research Society of India at the JN Tata Auditorium on the IISc campus, were heading to dinner when the shooting began. A gunman, wearing black mask and army uniform, started firing indiscriminately from a rifle, thought to be a Chinese Type 56, outside the auditorium. Munish Chandra Puri, a Professor Emeritus at the mathematics department of the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi, was wounded by bullets.
He died en route to hospital. Three other scientists and a lab assistant were among the injured. One of the injured was a pregnant woman; the other three injured underwent emergency surgeries. The police recovered a Chinese made Type 56 military rifle, twelve empty cartridges, one empty magazine, five live magazines, two grenades, one live hand-grenade which they defused; the police surmise. No organisation claimed responsibility; the Karnataka police identified the attackers as belonging to a cell of the Pakistan-based terror outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba. Six people were convicted in December 2011 and several others are at large including the shooter
2007 Uttar Pradesh bombings
Six consecutive serial blasts rocked Lucknow and Faizabad courts in Uttar Pradesh on 23 November 2007 afternoon in a span of 25 minutes, in which many people were killed and several others injured. Bombs were explicitly targeted to the lawyers; the first blast occurred in Varanasi civil court and collectorate premises between 13:05 and 13:07 pm. Two successive blasts occurred in Faizabad district court around 13:12 and 13:15 followed by one at Lucknow at 13:32. In Lucknow two bomb were found one triggered panic after explosion and other unexploded powerful live bomb was deactivated by bomb disposal squads. Both the bombs were planted in bicycles in civil court premises. Lucknow blast was mildest among all other blasts in Varanasi. Three consecutive blasts claimed most lives in Varanasi at least 11 people were killed including four lawyers and 42 injured. Bomb were tied to bicycles which exploded around 13:05-13:15. Two successive blasts occurred in Faizabad. In these blasts at least four people were killed on spot and about 15 were injured.
A little known group Indian Mujahidin has claimed responsibility of these blasts. This group sent an email to some private TV channels just five minutes before the blasts; this email says the Jihad in India is in retaliation against the injustice to Muslims in India, the demolition of the Babri Masjid and the Gujarat riots. Indian Mujahideen claimed responsibility for the blasts in Delhi and Hyderabad but refused any association with the attacks on the Mecca Masjid, the Samjhauta Express and the 2006 Malegaon blasts. Investigating agencies suspect the hand of Bangladesh based terrorist outfit Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami pointsman who goes by the name Guru has emerged as a prime suspect. Intelligence agencies suspect that Guru may have planned the attacks executed by sleeper cells of Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed under the banner of al-Qaida-fil-al-Hindi. Bar Council of Uttar Pradesh decided to go on strike to protest against these terrorist activities. In the state capital, lawyers moved about in groups in the court compounds and raised slogans against terrorism.
The government has tightened security arrangements in the courts throughout the state after the Friday blasts. Lawyers from other states join state bar council and observing the day as shok diwas; the Union Home Ministry of India said. Uttar Pradesh's Chief Minister condemned serial blasts and announced a compensation of Rs.200,000 to the next of kin to each of those killed and Rs.50,000 for those injured in the incidents. She said that it is a complete failure of central intelligence agencies; the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh condemned serial blasts and announced a compensation of Rs.100,000 from the Prime Minister's National Relief Fund to kin of each of those killed in blasts. British High Commissioner to India Richard Stagg said in a statement "We condemn all forms of terrorism, it is a worrying development that the judiciary and the legal system have been attacked. Our thoughts are with the affected families"
Terrorism in India
Terrorism in India, according to the Home Ministry, poses a significant threat to the people of India. Terrorism found in India includes ethno-nationalist terrorism, religious terrorism, left wing terrorism and narco terrorism. A common definition of terrorism is the systematic use or threatened use of violence to intimidate a population or government for political, religious, or ideological goals; the regions with long term terrorist activities have been Jammu and Kashmir, east-central and south-central India and the Seven Sister States. In August 2008, National Security Advisor M K Narayanan has said that there are as many as 800 terrorist cells operating in the country; as of 2013, 205 of the country’s 608 districts were affected by terrorist activity. Terror attacks caused 231 civilian deaths in 2012 in India, compared to 11,098 terror-caused deaths worldwide, according to the State Department of the United States. Media reports have alleged and implicated terrorism in India to be sponsored by Pakistan through its Inter-Services Intelligence.
In 2012, the US accused Pakistan of enabling and ignoring anti-India terrorist cells working on its soil. In July 2016, Government of India released data on a string of terror strikes in India since 2005 that claimed 707 lives and left over 3,200 injured. In mid-September 2018 Police in India have announced they have arrested a terrorist from the Hizbul Mujahideen group in the city of Kanpur, who wanted to attack on Ganesh Chaturthi; the 8th report on terrorism in India published in 2008 defined terrorism as the peacetime equivalent of war crime. An act of terror in India includes any intentional act of violence that causes death, injury or property damage, induces fear, is targeted against any group of people identified by their political, ideological, ethnic, religious or any other nature; this description is similar to one provided by the United Nations' in 2000. The Indian government uses the following working definition of terrorism, same as one used by Western nations as well as the United Nations, proposed by Schmid and Jongman in 1988.
Terrorism is an anxiety-inspiring method of repeated violent action, employed by clandestine individual, group or state actors, for idiosyncratic, criminal or political reasons, whereby the direct targets of violence are not the main targets. The immediate human victims of violence are chosen randomly or selectively from a target population, serve as message generators. Threat and violence-based communication processes between terrorist organisation and main targets are used to manipulate the main target, turning it into a target of terror, a target of demands, or a target of attention, depending on whether intimidation, coercion, or propaganda is sought. India subdivides terrorism in four major groups: Ethno-nationalist terrorism – This form of terror focuses either on creating a separate State within India or independent of India or in a neighboring country, or on emphasising the views/response of one ethnic group against another. Violent Tamil Nationalist groups from India to address the condition of Tamils in Sri Lanka, as well as insurgent tribal groups in North East India are examples of ethno-nationalist terrorist activities.
Religious terrorism – This form of terror focuses on religious imperatives, a presumed duty or in solidarity for a specific religious group, against one or more religious groups. Mumbai 26/11 terror attack in 2008 from an Islamic group in Pakistan is an example of religious terrorism in India. Left-wing terrorism – This form of terror focuses on economic ideology, where all the existing socio-political structures are seen to be economically exploitative in character and a revolutionary change through violent means is essential; the ideology of Marx, Mao and others are considered as the only valid economic path. Maoist violence in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are examples of left wing terrorism in India. Narcoterrorism – This form of terror focuses on creating illegal narcotics traffic zones. Drug violence in northwest India is an example of narco-terrorism in India. SATP has listed 180 terrorist groups that have operated within India over the last 20 years, many of them co-listed as transnational terror networks operating in or from neighboring South Asian countries such as Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Of these, 38 are on the current list of terrorist organisations banned by India under its First Schedule of the UA Act, 1967. As of 2012, many of these were listed and banned by the United States and European Union. Mumbai has been the most preferred target for most terrorist organisations, many operating with a base from Pakistan. Over the past few years there have been a series of attacks, including explosions in Mumbai Suburban trains in July 2006, the most recent and unprecedented attacks of 26 November 2008, when two of the prime hotels, a landmark train station, a Jewish Chabad house, in South Mumbai, were attacked and sieged. Terrorist attacks in Mumbai include: 12 March 1993 – 13 bombs killed 257 6 December 2002 – Bus bomb in Ghatkopar, killed 2 27 January 2003 – Bicycle bomb in Vile Parle, killed 1 13 March 2003 – Train bomb in Mulund, killed 10 28 July 2003 – Bus bomb in Ghatkopar, killed 4 25 August 2003 – Two Bombs near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar, killed 50 11 July 2006 – Seven train bombs killed 209 26 November 2008 to 29 November 2008 – Coordinated series of attacks, killed 172.
13 July 2011 – Bomb explosions at three locations, killed 26 13 February 2010 – a bomb explosion at th
2013 Hyderabad blasts
On 21 February 2013, at around 19:00 IST, two blasts occurred in the city of Hyderabad, India. The bombs exploded in a crowded shopping area, within 100 metres of each other; the first explosion occurred outside a roadside eatery named A1 Mirchi, next to the Anand Tiffin Centre and opposite the Konark movie hall, followed by the second one two minutes near the Route 107 bus stand close to the Venkatadri theatre. The first bomb went off at Anand Tiffins, located opposite Konark Theatre at around 19:02 IST; the second bomb went off at 19:06 IST between Dilsukhnagar Bus Stand. According to the Hyderabad Police, the bombs were placed on bicycles. Andhra Pradesh's Director General of Police noted that Improvised Explosive Devices had been used in the two blasts to cause maximum damage; the blasts killed 17 people, which included at least three college students and at least 119 injured. A team of forensic experts from the National Investigation Agency and the National Security Guard arrived in Hyderabad on a plane provided by the Border Security Force for further investigation.
Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde claimed that the Indian government had intelligence about possible blasts, but the information wasn't specific enough to pinpoint the location of the blast site. Shinde said that authorities had received intelligence about possible attacks in the country but no specific information as to where or when they might occur. CNN-IBN reported that an Indian Mujahideen operative named Maqbool confessed to carrying out reconnaissance of Dilsukhnagar in 2012 during interrogation by Delhi Police. Initial reports suggested the involvement of Indian Mujahideen in the blasts. On 22 February, two First Information Reports were lodged probing the attack. One FIR was lodged at Cyberabads Saroor police station; as the Hyderabad Police continued investigating in the serial blasts case, they detained six people for questioning. The NIA conducted raids at various places in Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, looking for alleged terror modules. Forensic investigation revealed that the two bombs used were packed with huge amounts of iron nails and bolts and ammonium nitrate, which were held together with a copper string.
Closed-circuit television footage collected from the traffic signal near the blast site revealed movements of five men who had planted explosives at the blast sites. However, the faces of the suspects were not seen. Police sources said that a Sai Baba temple in the area was the initial target of the criminal activity. However, a visit by Hyderabad police commissioner Anurag Sharma eluded them and forced them to change their target; the Andhra Pradesh government claimed that it had obtained vital clues regarding the crime and would crack the case soon. Chief minister Reddy sent out 15 special teams of Andhra Pradesh police, consisting of 10–15 personnel each. People lodged in the Chanchalguda Central Jail were questioned regarding the blasts. Major cities in India like Mumbai, New Delhi and Bangalore, Gujarat and West Bengal were put on high alert after the blasts; the police of Andhra Pradesh were confronted with massive traffic jams when they tried to implement relief and rescue operations. Home secretary R. K. Singh stated that officials from the National Investigation Agency were shifted from Delhi to Hyderabad.
President Pranab Mukherjee offered condolences to the bereaved families and condemned the blasts as "acts of cowardice". Prime Minister Manmohan Singh consoled the next of kin of those killed and injured; the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Kiran Kumar Reddy, announced a compensation of ₹600,000 to the next of kin of those killed in the blasts and promised to bear the medical expenses of the injured. Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde visited the blast site on the morning of 22 February and said that an investigation had been launched by a probe team appointed by the Andhra Pradesh government. On the next day, speaking in the Lok Sabha, Leader of the opposition and senior Bharatiya Janata Party leader Sushma Swaraj said political parties must fight non-state terror unitedly while calling out the central and Andhra Pradesh governments for their failure to prevent the twin explosions. "The nation needs to be united, the political parties need to get united. The moment that happens, we will be capable of fighting terror," She controversially linked the twin blasts with a provocative speech made earlier by Akbaruddin Owaisi stating "Do these blasts have a connection with the provocative speeches made by an honourable member of this house?" which Asaduddin Owaisi his brother described "unfortunate" and "irresponsible".
The spokesperson for Bharatiya Janta Party Ravi Shankar Prasad said, "Several innocent lives have been lost in the Hyderabad blasts. The government should stop playing politics on the issue of terrorism. We want the government to take appropriate action. There should be better coordination between the state governments; this government should rise above vote-bank politics." United Nations – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon issued a statement that condemned the attack and offered his condolences to the families of the victims. "The Secretary-General condemns the indiscriminate attacks against civilians which occurred in the Indian city of Hyderabad." Australia – In a statement released through the Australian High Commission in New Delhi, Canberra said: "The government and people of Australia express their condolences and sympathy for victims of the bomb attacks in Hyderabad, India, on February 21. Australia condemns all acts of terrorism; these bombs appear to have been directed at innocent people, going about their da
2009 Guwahati bombings
The 2009 Guwahati bombings occurred on 1 January 2009 in Guwahati, India. They occurred a few hours; the bombing was carried put by the United Liberation Front of Asom, left 6 people dead and a further 67 injured. Police confirmed that first blast took place near Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi TB Hospital at Birubari at 2.35pm, injuring five people, including a 10-year-old child. Another blast at the busy Bhootnath market near the famous Kamakhya Temple, killed two people instaneously and injured at least 25 others. Police said. Incidentally, P Chidambaram was to pass Bhootnath on his way from the airport; the third blast occurred outside a Big Bazaar retail outlet at Bhangagarh, a commercial area near Guwahati Medical College, at 5.45 pm. Bhangagarh is home to many shopping malls. Three of the 34 people injured in the blast succumbed to their injuries in hospital. Police suspected. Another person died in the hospital making the death toll 6. All three blasts were low intensity, carried using Improvised explosive devices.
Police say that the a biker placed the first bomb in a dustbin, the second one was placed on a cycle and third on the roadside. The second blast was the most powerful one; the third blast ignited a fire due to its proximity to a kerosene source. The injured were admitted to the GMCH and Mahendra Mohan Choudhury Hospital and are reported to be in critical condition; the United Liberation Front of Asom is suspected of having carried out the bombings. Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi admitted security lapses and expressed the need of strengthening the state police force. 2008 Assam bombings
Akshardham Temple attack
On 24 September 2002, two armed men attacked the Akshardham Temple complex at Gandhinagar, India. They killed 30 people and injured more than 80. National Security Guards ended the siege the next day, killing both attackers, they wounded 80 others by using automatic weapons and hand grenades. National Security Guards ended the siege by killing both attackers the same night. Six accused were arrested by Gujarat Police. In May 2014, a Supreme Court of India bench acquitted all the six prisoners of all charges and pulled up the Gujarat Police for shoddy investigation in the case. In February 2002, Godhra train attack led to statewide riots between Muslim communities. According to the official figures, the riots resulted in the deaths of 254 Hindus. At 4:45 pm on 24 September 2002, a white car dropped off two terrorists between the ages of 20 and 25 carrying haversacks and jackets filled with automatic weapons and grenades at Gate 3 of the Akshardham Temple Complex; when the two attempted to enter the Akshardham Temple Complex, the volunteers stopped the armed terrorists for a security screening.
Bypassing the screening, the terrorists jumped over the 7-foot high fence and started firing their guns as they began their rampage through the complex. A priest recalled "a mother begging for the lives of her children-later identified as Priya and Bhailu Chauhan, aged three and four; the woman, had been running with her little boy and girl when she was felled by a bullet in the leg. The killer nodded to her pleas turned his gun towards the children and, to the horror of the mother, mowed them down." The perpetrators rushed towards the central walkway of the complex while firing shots at visitors and pilgrims who were browsing a nearby bookstall and proceeded to the main temple while throwing hand grenades. As the Akshardham staff, including the temple supervisor, Khodsinh Jadhav witnessed the killings, they rushed across the 200-foot walkway and shut the 15-foot doors of the main temple; as a result, the terrorists were unable to infiltrate the main temple where 35 people were offering prayers.
At 4:48 pm, three minutes after the attack began, Vishwavihari Swami, at the Akshardham Temple Complex, made an SOS call to Chief Minister Narendra Modi's office and informed them about the attack. Within minutes, Gandhinagar's district police chief R. B. Brahmbhatt was dispatched to the scene. Additionally, the State Commando force was instructed to arrive at the Akshardham Temple Complex. Meanwhile, outside of the Akshardham Temple Complex, local individuals mobilised into volunteers. Thereafter, the terrorists, unable to infiltrate the main monument, moved towards the exhibition halls; the volunteers had locked all the doors of the exhibition halls. Upon entering the hall, they fired shots at the audience and wounding men and children. By 5:15 pm, Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi called the Deputy Prime Minister L. K. Advani in Delhi and asked for the National Security Guards referred to as Black Cat Commandos; the terrorists left Exhibition Hall 1, as they entered, through the exit door, climbed onto and hid in the parikrama, the outer perimeter of the temple.
Within 10–15 minutes of the attack, police security guards and commandos had reached the premises. The police and commandos escorted the visitors from around the complex to safety, while volunteers helped transport the injured victims to nearby hospitals; the police and commandos searched for the two terrorists, who were focused on retreating to an alternative hiding spot. During this temporary halt, the police and commandos guided the remaining 100 visitors in Exhibition Hall 1 to a safe location outside of the complex. At 7:30 pm, as the security guards guided 30 visitors from inside the main monument to safety, the terrorists, who had climbed atop the parikrama, the outer perimeter of the temple, opened fire at the commandos. During this attack, no one was hurt. Since the commandos had surrounded the area and continued the crossfire, the terrorist found it difficult to escape. At 10:10 pm, two buses of NSG commandos and one bus filled with NSG equipment arrived at Akshardham. By 11:30 pm, after reviewing multiple strategies, 35 Black Cat commandos positioned themselves throughout the Akshardham Temple Complex in an effort to find the terrorists.
The search for the terrorists continued throughout the night. At around midnight, the terrorists entered a nearby bathroom; the National Security Guards planned to pass the night until daybreak before attempting to locate the terrorists. During this time period, the guards fired in order to draw fire from the terrorists and use up their ammunition; the officers situated themselves around the Akshardham Temple Complex. The National Security Guards were first in line, followed by men from the Rapid Action Force, Border Security Force, State Reserve Police and the Anti-Terrorist Squad; as the night progressed, the terrorists moved into another area, a grove of trees near exhibition hall 3. By daybreak, the terrorists became desperate and the firing continued. At 6:45 am, the 14-hour-long ordeal ended with the Black Cat Commandos shooting the two terrorists hiding in the bushes. During this overnight search for the attackers, one state police officer and one commando lost their lives. Another commando, Surjan Singh Bhandari, was injured and died in May 2004, after being comatose for two years.
On 25 September 2002, Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee said
Ajmer Dargah bombing
The Ajmer Dargah bombing occurred on 11 October 2007, in the courtyard of Sufi saint Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer, India, after the Iftar period had started. On March 22, 2017 the Special NIA Court awarded life imprisonments to Devendra Gupta and Bhavesh Patel. At 6.12 pm on 11 October 2007, an explosion occurred near a courtyard outside of the Dargah of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer. Evening prayers had just concluded before the end of the fasting month of Ramadan and a crowd had gathered outside the shrine to end their fast; the bomb had been concealed in a Tiffin carrier, which workers used to store their lunch. The blast killed 2 people and injured 17. Remnants of a mobile phone were retrieved from the site. Lalit Maheswari of the Ajmer police stated, "We have recovered some mobile instruments, so we think some sophisticated device was used...". The explosion was suspected to have been the responsibility of Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba; the media characterised the attack as part of the conflict between ultra-conservative Islamic extremists against the Sufi-derived Islamic traditions popular in India.
On 22 October 2010, five suspects, arrested by the Anti-Terrorism Squad of India, were charged with conspiracy in connection to the bombing. Four of the five suspects were connected to the Hindu group Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. According to sources, Patel was part of the five-member group. While two planters'Harshad Solanki and Mukesh Vasani' have been charge sheeted, Patel was part of a back-up team, including Suresh Nair and Mehul alias Mafat Bhai, which went to the site as a contingency plan to take charge of the affairs in case the two planters failed to place the bomb or developed cold feet. On 10 October 2007, Suresh Nair and Bhavesh Patel took a consignment of explosives from Sunil Joshi, found murdered under mysterious circumstances in Godhra, they reached Vadodara boarded a private bus for Udaipur. At Ajmer, the bomb was given to Solanki and Vasani planted it. Patel was accused of having been involved in the post-Godhra riots in Gujarat, but was acquitted by the court. NIA has filed another charge sheet against Terrorist Swami Aseemanand, whose confession helped the agency open Hyderabad's Mecca Masjid blast and Malegaon 2006 blast cases, along with Sandeep Dangae, Bhawesh Patel, Suresh Bhai, Ramchandra Kalsangra, Sunil Joshi and Bharat Bhai.
Government investigations concluded that Hindutva organisations, such as Abhinav Bharat, may have been behind the blast though no evidence have been found till date. The attack included two Muslim boys from the Inter-Services Intelligence of Pakistan. Aseemanand was accused in the plan, conceived to avenge Islamic attacks on Hindu temples though on the statement were found to be politically motivated and tarnished by UPA government in power by Supreme Court of India. Other individuals accused in the attack is Bharat Bhai alias Bharat Rateshwar, alleged to have financed the Hindutva terrorist attacks at Ajmer and Mecca Masjid blasts, he has been alleged to have funding and planning terrorist attacks on Muslim to avenge the alleged attacks on Hindus in India. On 8 March 2017, a special National Investigation Agency court in Jaipur convicted Sunil Joshi, Devendra Gupta and Bhavesh Patel - associated with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh for Ajmer Dargah blasts. A total of 13 people were accused in the case.
Three were still on the run. Swami Aseemanand and 6 other were acquitted in the case; the court has imposed Rs. 1 lakh each on the convicts and on March 21, the special court awarded life imprisonments to both Devendra Gupta and Bhavesh Patel. 2006 Malegaon blasts 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings 2008 Malegoan & Modasa bombing List of terrorist incidents, 2007 Saffron Terror Asthana, N. C.. Urban Terrorism: Myths And Realities. Jaipur: Pointer. P. 188. ISBN 978-81-7132-598-6. OCLC 435375838. In the words of a zealot…. Tehelka. 15 January 2011. Ajmer blast accused claims Shinde forced him to name RSS chief Bhagwat