2004 Wisconsin Badgers football team
The 2004 Wisconsin Badgers football team represented the University of Wisconsin–Madison during the 2004 NCAA Division I FBS football season. Led by Barry Alvarez, the Badgers completed the season with a 9–3 record, including a 6–2 mark in the Big Ten Conference, good for a third-place finish
Mike Smith (American football coach)
Mike Smith is a former American football coach. He most served as the defensive coordinator for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League from 2016 to 2018, he is the former head coach of the NFL's Atlanta Falcons, a position he held from 2008 to 2014. He served as the defensive coordinator for the Jacksonville Jaguars between 2003 and 2007. During his tenure as the head coach of the Falcons, Smith became the franchise's winningest coach by number of wins in addition to being the recipient of the 2008 NFL Coach of the Year Award by the Associated Press and was voted NFL Coach of the Year Award by the Sporting News three different times 2008, 2010 and 2012 Raised in Daytona Beach, Smith played linebacker at Father Lopez Catholic High School, earning all-state honors, he played collegiately for East Tennessee State University between 1977 and 1981, was chosen as defensive MVP twice. He played professionally for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League, for the 1982 season, before retiring as a player.
Smith decided to take up coaching after his playing days were over, starting in various assistant capacities with several Division I colleges before moving on to the NFL: San Diego State, Morehead State and Tennessee Tech. His first NFL job was as defensive assistant/defensive line coach for the Baltimore Ravens in 1999 under defensive line coach Rex Ryan for three seasons. In 2002, he was promoted to linebackers' coach for head coach Brian Billick, tutoring such future standouts as Ray Lewis, Peter Boulware, Jamie Sharper and Adalius Thomas, in that capacity helped the 2000 Ravens win Super Bowl XXXV. On January 21, 2003, he was again promoted, moving on to be defensive coordinator of the Jacksonville Jaguars for incoming head coach Jack Del Rio. In 2008, Smith became head coach for the first time at any level, taking charge of the Atlanta Falcons and starting off his first season by installing rookie Matt Ryan as starting quarterback to open the season against the Detroit Lions. In his debut as an NFL head coach, his Falcons beat the Lions 34–21.
Atlanta's 216 yards of total offense in the first quarter was the highest in over two decades, eclipsing their October 13, 1991 mark of 172 yards against San Francisco. His first loss, against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, was mitigated by winning his first coach's challenge, on the spotting of the ball after a Roddy White reception in the third quarter, giving the Falcons a first down and keeping the drive alive. Stars like Michael Turner, Roddy White, Michael Jenkins and John Abraham helped him carry the Falcons to their first playoff berth since 2004, although they lost narrowly to the eventual NFC champion Arizona Cardinals in the wild-card round of the 2008 NFL playoffs, he was named the 2008 AP Coach of the year and NFL Coach of the Year, beating out Miami Dolphins head coach Tony Sparano in the voting. In his second season and the Falcons overcame a difficult schedule and several key injuries to end up with a 9-7 finish and second place in the NFC South. While they failed to reach the playoffs, this marked the first time the team had had back-to-back winning seasons.
In 2010, he led the Falcons to a NFC-best season record of 13-3, earning the team's second NFC South title and fourth divisional championship overall before being beaten at home by the eventual Super Bowl XLV champions, the Green Bay Packers, 48-21 in the NFC Divisional Round. The 2011 season ended with Smith's third playoff appearance. In 2012 Smith led the Falcons to a league best 13-3 record and recorded his first win in the postseason as Falcons head coach, edging the Seattle Seahawks 30-28 in the 2012 NFC Divisional Playoffs. With the win, Atlanta made their 3rd all-time appearance in the NFC Championship Game, hosted the game for the first time in their history against the San Francisco 49ers; the Falcons were beaten 28-24 after taking the lead 10-0 in the 1st Quarter. In the 2012 season, Smith earned his 50th win by defeating the Philadelphia Eagles on October 28, passing Dan Reeves as the best-performing coach in Falcons history by number of wins. Smith reached 50 wins in 71 games, good for 3rd best all-time since the AFL-NFL merger in 1970, surpassed only by Chuck Knox who earned his 50th win in 65 games and by George Seifert in 62 games.
Smith was named Sporting News 2012 Coach of the Year for the 3rd time by a pool of 27 NFL coaches and executives. In the 2013 season, the Falcons slumped to a 4-12 record, Smith was named the head coach of the North Team in the 2014 Senior Bowl. On December 28, 2014, multiple media outlets reported that the Falcons had hired Korn Ferry, a reputed firm, to assist in finding potential candidates to replace Smith should he be fired; that day, the Falcons lost to the Carolina Panthers 34-3. The game determined the NFC South champion, despite both teams having a losing record. On December 29, 2014 Smith was fired, after two losing seasons in a row. On January 15, 2016, Smith was named the Defensive Coordinator for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, under former assistant Dirk Koetter, named the Buccaneers' head coach that same day. On October 15, 2018, Smith was fired after leading Tampa Bay to the league's worst defense through the first six weeks of the season. NFL head coaches under whom Mike Smith has served: Brian Billick: Baltimore Ravens Jack Del Rio: Jacksonville Jaguars Dirk Koetter: Tampa Bay Buccaneers Assistant coaches under Mike Smith who became NFL head coaches: Mike Mularkey: Jacksonville Jaguars, Tennessee Titans Dirk Koetter: Tampa Bay
2005 New England Patriots season
The 2005 New England Patriots season was the franchise's 36th season in the National Football League, the 46th overall and the 6th under head coach Bill Belichick. Following a Week 6 loss to the Denver Broncos, the Patriots failed to either improve or match their 14-2 record from last season, finishing with a 10–6 record and the division title before losing in the playoffs to the Broncos, ending their hopes of becoming the first NFL team to three peat in the Super Bowl. Ten days after earning a victory in Super Bowl XXXIX, linebacker Tedy Bruschi suffered a stroke and planned on missing the entire season. Cornerback Ty Law was released in the offseason, injuries at cornerback, as well as a season-ending injury to safety Rodney Harrison in Week 3, forced the Patriots to start a number of players in the secondary early in the season. Overall, injuries caused the Patriots to start 45 different players at one point or another during the season, an NFL record for a division champion. Beginning the season with a 4–4 record, the Patriots lost their first game at home since 2002 against the San Diego Chargers in Week 4.
The team ended the season on a 6-2 run to finish 10–6, earning their third straight AFC East title. With the fourth seed in the AFC playoffs, the Patriots defeated the Jacksonville Jaguars in the Wild Card Playoffs but fell to the Denver Broncos on the road in the Divisional Playoffs, committing five turnovers in the game and marking the first playoff loss in the Brady/Belichick era. On February 16, 2005, three days after playing in the 2005 Pro Bowl in Honolulu, linebacker Tedy Bruschi suffered a mild stroke while at his home in North Attleborough, Massachusetts. Bruschi, who awoke to blurred vision and temporary numbness, was rushed to Massachusetts General Hospital after a 9-1-1 call by his wife, Heidi. Without any long-term effects, Bruschi underwent heart surgery to repair a congenital condition in his heart known as an atrial septal defect. Bruschi announced his intentions to sit out the 2005 season on July 20, while still citing his ongoing health improvement following the stroke. Following this announcement, Bruschi was placed on the Physically Unable to Perform list, keeping him inactive for a minimum of six games to begin the 2005 campaign.
This is notable, as the Patriots decided to forgo placing Bruschi on the injured reserve list, which would have prohibited him from playing in any 2005 games. With the window left open for his return, Bruschi returned to the practice field on October 19, during the Patriots' bye week. Only three months after announcing his plans to sit out the entire season, Bruschi returned to the Patriots for their next game against the Buffalo Bills on October 30. Bruschi would go on to play the rest of the season, only missing the Patriots' final game of the regular season as well as their first playoff game due to a leg injury. Bill Belichick lost both of his coordinators following the 2004 season. Offensive coordinator Charlie Weis left to become head coach at the University of Notre Dame, while defensive coordinator Romeo Crennel was named head coach of the Cleveland Browns. Belichick only replaced Crennel for the 2005 season, promoting defensive backs coach Eric Mangini to defensive coordinator. Assistant offensive line and tight ends coach Jeff Davidson followed Crennel to Cleveland, was replaced as tight ends coach by Pete Mangurian and as assistant offensive line coach by offensive coaching assistant Matt Patricia.
Departing was assistant strength and conditioning coach Markus Paul, replaced by former Canadian Football League star Harold Nash, defensive coaching assistant Cory Undlin, who followed Crennel to the Browns as a defensive quality control coach. Undlin was replaced as a defensive coaching assistant by Mike Judge. Former assistant running backs/wide receivers coach Joel Collier rejoined the staff as an assistant defensive backs coach. In the front office, Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer Andy Wasynczuk left the organization to join Harvard Business School. Assistant Director of College Scouting Lionel Vital and Assistant Director of Pro Scouting Keith Kidd departed. Free agency saw the departure of only one full-time starter from 2004, offensive guard Joe Andruzzi, who signed with the Cleveland Browns. However, three-time Pro Bowl defensive back Ty Law was released in a salary cap move and would stay in the division, signing with the New York Jets. Veteran linebacker Roman Phifer, who had started on all three of the Patriots' Super Bowl teams, was released, along with nose tackle Keith Traylor.
Long-time Patriot linebacker Ted Johnson was a surprise departure, retiring on the eve of training camp. Other free agency departures were David Patten. Unlike past Patriots offseasons, the 2005 offseason did not bring the arrival of any would-be full-time starters. Linebackers Chad Brown and Monty Beisel started six games together to begin the season, but both were benched in favor of Mike Vrabel and Tedy Bruschi, after returning from his stroke. Veteran quarterback and New England native Doug Flutie returned to the Patriots for the final season of his career, having last played for them in 1989. In November, facing multiple injuries to their defensive backfield, the Patriots signed veteran defensive back Artrell Hawkins, who would go on to start six games, including both of the Patriots' playoff games. Other arrivals were Chad Scott, Wesly Mallard, Tim Dwight, Antuan Edwards, Chad M
Fred Taylor (American football)
Frederick Antwon Taylor is a former college and professional American football player, a running back in the National Football League for thirteen seasons during the 1990s and 2000s. He played college football for the University of Florida, was recognized as an All-American. Taylor was selected by the Jacksonville Jaguars with the ninth overall pick in the 1998 NFL Draft, played for the Jaguars and New England Patriots of the NFL. Taylor is a member of the 10,000 yard rushing club. Taylor was born in Florida, he attended Glades Central High School in Belle Glade, where he was a standout high school football player for the Glades Central Raiders. He was a letterman in track. Taylor played linebacker, but switched to running back as a junior; as a senior, he ran including a 301-yard, 5-touchdown outing. He received all-state honors. In 2007, 13 years after he graduated from high school, the Florida High School Athletic Association recognized Taylor as one of the "100 Greatest Players of the First 100 Years" of Florida high school football.
In track & field, Taylor competed as a sprinter. He recorded personal-bests of 22.32 seconds in the 200 meters. He was a member of the 4 × 100 m relay team. Taylor accepted an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Florida in Gainesville, where he played for coach Steve Spurrier's Florida Gators football team from 1994 to 1997, he started two games as a true freshman, picking up eight touchdowns. As a sophomore in 1995, he played in six games, scoring five touchdowns, he returned in 1996 to start two of the seven games he played, running for 629 yards and five touchdowns, helping the 12–1 Gators win the national championship. As a senior team captain in 1997, Taylor was the team's leading rusher with 1,292 yards on 214 carries and scoring 13 touchdowns, earning first-team All-Southeastern Conference recognition and Associated Press third-team All-American honors, was chosen by his teammates as the Gators' most valuable player, he finished his college career ranked fourth in school history with 31 touchdowns.
In one of a series of articles about the top 100 Gators from the first 100 seasons of Florida football, The Gainesville Sun sports editors ranked Taylor as the No. 36 all-time greatest Gator. He was inducted into the Florida–Georgia Hall of Fame in 2008, the University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame as a "Gator Great" in 2010. Taylor was drafted ninth overall in the 1998 NFL Draft by the Jacksonville Jaguars with the first of two picks they acquired in a trade with the Buffalo Bills in exchange for quarterback Rob Johnson. Taylor started 12 of 15 games for the Jaguars as a rookie in 1998, rushing for 1,223 and 14 touchdowns, a career-high, while catching 44 passes for 421 yards and three touchdowns. In 1999, Taylor played in ten games, missing six due to a hamstring injury, he ranked second on the team with 732 yards, but posted two 100-yard rushing performances in the playoffs. He recorded the longest run in playoff history with a 90-yard touchdown run in a 62-7 win over Miami, he missed three and a half games in 2000, but still finished sixth in the NFL with 1,399 rushing yards and 12 touchdowns, while making 36 catches for 240 yards for another two touchdowns.
Taylor played in the first two games of 2001 before suffering a groin injury and missing the rest of the season. Overall, injuries caused Taylor to miss 23 out of a potential 48 games from 1999 to 2001. Fans and media were critical of Taylor's tendency to get injured, questioning his toughness and donning him the moniker "Fragile Fred", which upset him, as he would admit. Despite knowing that Taylor's season was over in Week 3 of 2001, Jaguars coach Tom Coughlin listed him on the injury report as "questionable" every game for the remainder of the season, further fueling the doubts of Taylor's toughness in the minds of fans, he still has not rid himself of the stigma and the nickname. Following the 2001 season, it was alleged that Taylor's agent William "Tank" Black had stolen between $12 million and $14 million from players he had represented, that Black had laundered nearly all of Taylor's $5 million signing bonus, the only guaranteed money in his rookie contract. In an interview with Vic Ketchman of Jaguars.com in November 2007, Taylor admitted he considered retiring from football early in his career, because of the difficulties he experienced with injuries and Tank Black.
In 2002, Taylor rebounded to start all 16 games for the Jaguars, finishing the season with 1,314 yards, third most in team history, while setting a then-team record with 1,722 yards from scrimmage. He set a career-high with 49 receptions, second best on his team, for 408 yards, recorded eight touchdowns, he again started all 16 games for the Jaguars in 2003 and set a career-high with 1,572 yards on 345 carries for six touchdowns. He caught 48 passes for 370 yards. In 2004, Taylor started the first 14 games of recording 1,224 yards and two touchdowns, his streak of 46 consecutive starts ended when a knee injury sidelined him for the final two weeks of the season. Injuries hampered Taylor again in 2005, as he started 11 games while missing five games with injuries throughout the season, he still led the team with 787 yards rushing while recording three touchdowns. In 2006, Taylor was joined in the Jaguars backfield by Maurice Jones-Drew, the Jaguars' second-round pick in the 2006 NFL Draft and Taylor's eventual replacement.
Despite sharing carries throughout the season, Taylor started 15 games and posted a
2005–06 NFL playoffs
The National Football League playoffs for the 2005 season began on January 7, 2006. The postseason tournament concluded with the Pittsburgh Steelers defeating the Seattle Seahawks in Super Bowl XL, 21–10, on February 5, at Ford Field in Detroit, Michigan. After scrutiny in the Wild Card and Divisional rounds, the league reversed a three-year precedent, returned to "all star" officiating crews for the Conference Championship games. Since the 2003–04 NFL playoffs, postseason officiating had been done by entire crews from the regular season. Within each conference, the four division winners and the two wild card teams qualified for the playoffs; the four division winners are seeded 1 through 4 based on their overall won-lost-tied record, the wild card teams are seeded 5 and 6. The NFL does not use a fixed bracket playoff system, there are no restrictions regarding teams from the same division matching up in any round. In the first round, dubbed the wild-card playoffs or wild-card weekend, the third-seeded division winner hosts the sixth seed wild card, the fourth seed hosts the fifth.
The 1 and 2 seeds from each conference receive a bye in the first round. In the second round, the divisional playoffs, the number 1 seed hosts the worst surviving seed from the first round, while the number 2 seed will play the other team; the two surviving teams from each conference's divisional playoff games meet in the respective AFC and NFC Conference Championship games, hosted by the higher seed. Although the Super Bowl, the fourth and final round of the playoffs, is played at a neutral site, the designated home team is based on an annual rotation by conference; these playoffs marked the final season. Super Bowl XL was ABC's final Super Bowl telecast. In addition to taking over Sunday Night Football during the following season, NBC was awarded the first two Wild Card playoff games, as well as ABC's place in the annual Super Bowl broadcasting rotation. ABC would not broadcast a playoff game again until the 2015–16 playoffs when it started to simulcast the ESPN-produced Wild Card Game. CBS continued to Fox the rest of the NFC games.
Although the Redskins gained only 120 yards on offense, the lowest total in NFL playoff history for a winning team, they converted two turnovers into touchdowns. Midway through the first quarter, Washington linebacker LaVar Arrington's 21-yard interception return set up running back Clinton Portis' six-yard touchdown run. Redskins linebacker Marcus Washington recovered Tampa Bay running back Cadillac Williams' fumble and returned it seven yards before losing it himself – into the arms of safety Sean Taylor, who ran 51 yards for the Redskins' second touchdown. Early in the second quarter, Tampa Bay drove 38 yards to the Redskins' 24-yard line where Matt Bryant kicked a 43-yard field goal to cut their deficit to 14–3; the Redskins responded with a 10-play, 40-yard drive and scored with a 40-yard field goal from John Hall. In the third quarter, Mark Jones gave the Buccaneers the ball at their own 49-yard line on a 24-yard punt return. Tampa Bay's offense went on a 7-play, 51-yard drive that ended with quarterback Chris Simms' two-yard touchdown run.
In the fourth quarter, Tampa Bay drove to the Redskins 19-yard line, but linebacker Lemar Marshall tackled fullback Mike Alstott for no gain on third down and 1, Simms threw an incomplete pass on fourth down. Buccaneers defensive back Brian Kelly intercepted a pass from Mark Brunell on the Redskins' next drive and returned it to the Redskins 35-yard line. With three minutes left in the game, Tampa Bay wide receiver Edell Shepherd caught what appeared to be a 35-yard touchdown reception, but he lost control of the ball as he was coming down in the end zone for an incomplete pass; the Buccaneers got one last chance to tie the game when they received a punt at their own 46-yard line with 1:05 left in regulation, but Simms threw a pass, tipped at the line of scrimmage and went into the arms of Marcus Washington for a game-ending interception. The game was regarded by commentators as an "ugly" performance by both teams' offenses, rendering it a defensive game; as of the conclusion of the 2018 NFL season, this is the Redskins' most recent playoff victory.
The three-time Super Bowl champion Patriots, who for the first time in their previous three playoff trips would have to win three games to advance to the Super Bowl, defeated the Jaguars 28–3. Linebacker Willie McGinest set NFL playoff records for sacks in a game and career postseason sacks, while quarterback Tom Brady threw for 201 yards and three touchdown passes. In the first half, the Jaguars recorded four sacks and held New England to 126 yards, while the Patriots defense recorded two sacks, gave up only 115 yards, did not allow a first down until 9:40 remained in the second quarter. Neither team could score in the first quarter, but early in the second, New England receiver Tim Dwight returned Chris Hanson's 46-yard punt 27 yards to the Jaguars 37-yard line. Two 4-yard runs by Corey Dillon and an 18-yard burst from Kevin Faulk moved the ball to the 11-yard line, Brady capped off the drive with an 11-yard touchdown pass to Troy Brown. On Jacksonville's ensuing possession, Jimmy Smith's 19-yard reception gave his team a first down for the first time in the game and moved the ball to the Patriots 44-yard line.
But on the next play, a tackle from safety Eugene Wilson caused Alvin Pearman to fumble the ball, defensive lineman Richard Seymour recovered it. Howev
The Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League. From the merger with the rival American Football League in 1970 up through 2013 and since 2017, it is called the AFC–NFC Pro Bowl, matching the top players in the American Football Conference against those in the National Football Conference. From 2014 through 2016, the NFL experimented with an unconferenced format, where the teams were selected by two honorary team captains, instead of selecting players from each conference; the players were picked in a televised "schoolyard pick" prior to the game. Unlike most major sports leagues, which hold their all-star games midway through their regular seasons, the Pro Bowl is played around the end of the NFL season; the first official Pro Bowl was played in January 1951, three weeks after the 1950 NFL Championship Game. Between 1970 and 2009, the Pro Bowl was held the weekend after the Super Bowl. Since 2010, it has been played the weekend before the Super Bowl. Players from the two teams competing in the Super Bowl do not participate.
For years, the game has suffered from lack of interest due to perceived low quality, with observers and commentators expressing their disfavor with it in its current state. It draws lower TV ratings than regular season NFL games, although the game draws similar ratings to other major all-star games, such as the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. However, the biggest concern of teams is to avoid injuries to the star players; the Associated Press wrote that players in the 2012 game were "hitting each other as though they were having a pillow fight". Between 1980 and 2016, the game was played at Aloha Stadium in Hawaii except for two years. On June 1, 2016, the NFL announced that they reached a multi-year deal to move the game to Orlando, Florida as part of the league's ongoing efforts to make the game more relevant; the first "Pro All-Star Game", featuring the all-stars of the 1938 season, was played on January 15, 1939 at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles. The NFL All-Star Game was played again in Los Angeles in 1940 and in New York and Philadelphia in 1941 and 1942 respectively.
Although planned as an annual contest, the all-star game was discontinued after 1942 because of travel restrictions put in place during World War II. During the first five all-star games, an all-star team would face that year's league champion; the league champion won the first four games before the all-stars were victorious in the final game of this early series. The concept of an all-star game was not revived until June 1950, when the newly christened "Pro Bowl" was approved; the game was sponsored by the Los Angeles Publishers Association. It was decided that the game would feature all-star teams from each of the league's two conferences rather than the league champion versus all-star format, used previously; this was done to avoid confusion with the Chicago College All-Star Game, an annual game which featured the league champion against a collegiate all-star team. The teams would be led by the coach of each of the conference champions. Prior to the Pro Bowl, following the 1949 season, the All-America Football Conference, which contributed three teams to the NFL in a partial merger in 1950, held its own all-star game, the Shamrock Bowl.
The first 21 games of the series were played in Los Angeles. The site of the game was changed annually for each of the next seven years before the game was moved to Aloha Stadium in Halawa, Hawaii for 30 straight seasons from 1980 through 2009; the 2010 Pro Bowl was played at Sun Life Stadium, the home stadium of the Miami Dolphins and host site of Super Bowl XLIV, on January 31, the first time that the Pro Bowl was held before the championship game. With the new rule being that the conference teams do not include players from the teams that will be playing in the Super Bowl, the Pro Bowl returned to Hawaii in 2011 but was again held during the week before the Super Bowl, where it remained for three more years; the 2012 game was met with criticism from fans and sports writers for the lack of quality play by the players. On October 24, 2012, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell had second thoughts about the Pro Bowl, telling a Sirius XM show that if the players did not play more competitively, he was "not inclined to play it anymore".
During the ensuing off-season, the NFL Players Association lobbied to keep the Pro Bowl, negotiated several rule changes to be implemented for the 2014 game. Among them, the teams will no longer be AFC vs. NFC, instead be selected by captains in a fantasy draft. For the 2014 game, Jerry Rice and Deion Sanders were chosen as alumni captains, while their captains were Drew Brees and Robert Quinn, along with Jamaal Charles and J. J. Watt. On April 9, 2014, the NFL announced that the 2015 Pro Bowl would be played the week before the Super Bowl at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona on January 25, 2015; the game returned to Hawaii in 2016, the "unconferenced" format was its last. For 2017, the league considered hosting the game at Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, which if approved would be the first time the game had been hosted outside the United States; the NFL is considering future Pro Bowls in Mexico and Germany. The NFL hopes that by leveraging international markets with the star power of Pro Bowls, international pop
Safety is the state of being "safe", the condition of being protected from harm or other non-desirable outcomes. Safety can refer to the control of recognized hazards in order to achieve an acceptable level of risk. There are two different meanings of safety. For example, home safety may indicate a building's ability to protect against external harm events, or may indicate that its internal installations are safe for its inhabitants. Discussions of safety include mention of related terms. Security is such a term. With time the definitions between these two have become interchanged and appear juxtaposed in the same sentence. Readers are left to conclude whether they comprise a redundancy; this confuses the uniqueness. When seen as unique, as we intend here, each term will assume its rightful place in influencing and being influenced by the other. Safety is the condition of a “steady state” of an organization or place doing what it is supposed to do. “What it is supposed to do” is defined in terms of public codes and standards, associated architectural and engineering designs, corporate vision and mission statements, operational plans and personnel policies.
For any organization, place, or function, large or small, safety is a normative concept. It complies with situation-specific definitions of. Using this definition, protection from a home’s external threats and protection from its internal structural and equipment failures are not two types of safety but rather two aspects of a home’s steady state. In the world of everyday affairs, not all goes as planned; some entity’s steady state is challenged. This is where security science, of more recent date, enters. Drawing from the definition of safety, then: Security is the process or means, physical or human, of delaying and otherwise protecting against external or internal, dangers, loss and other individuals or actions that threaten, hinder or destroy an organization’s “steady state,” and deprive it of its intended purpose for being. Using this generic definition of safety it is possible to specify the elements of a security program. Safety can be limited in relation to some guarantee or a standard of insurance to the quality and unharmful function of an object or organization.
It is used in order to ensure that the organization will do only what it is meant to do. It is important to realize. Eliminating all risk, if possible, would be difficult and expensive. A safe situation is one where risks of injury or property damage are manageable; when something is called safe, this means that it is safe within certain reasonable limits and parameters. For example, a medication may be safe, for most people, under most circumstances, if taken in a certain amount. A choice motivated by safety may have unsafe consequences. For example, frail elderly people are sometimes moved out of their homes and into hospitals or skilled nursing homes with the claim that this will improve the person's safety; the safety provided is that daily medications will be supervised, the person will not need to engage in some risky activities such as climbing stairs or cooking, if the person falls down, someone there will be able to help the person get back up. However, the end result might be decidedly unsafe, including the dangers of transfer trauma, hospital delirium, elder abuse, hospital-acquired infections, anxiety, a desire to die.
There is a distinction between products that meet standards, that are safe, that feel safe. The highway safety community uses these terms: Normative safety is achieved when a product or design meets applicable standards and practices for design and construction or manufacture, regardless of the product's actual safety history. Substantive or objective safety occurs when the real-world safety history is favorable, whether or not standards are met. Perceived or subjective safety refers to the users' level of comfort and perception of risk, without consideration of standards or safety history. For example, traffic signals are perceived as safe, yet under some circumstances, they can increase traffic crashes at an intersection. Traffic roundabouts have a favorable safety record yet make drivers nervous. Low perceived. For example, after the 9/11/2001 attacks, many people chose to drive rather than fly, despite the fact that counting terrorist attacks, flying is safer than driving. Perceived risk discourages people from walking and bicycling for transportation, enjoyment or exercise though the health benefits outweigh the risk of injury.
Called social safety or public safety, security addresses the risk of harm due to intentional criminal acts such as assault, burglary or vandalism. Because of the moral issues involved, security is of higher importance to many people than substantive safety. For example, a death due to murder is considered worse than a death in a car crash though in many countries, traffic deaths are more common than homicides. Safety is interpreted as implying a real and significant impact on risk of death, injury or damage to property. In response to perceived risks many interventions may be proposed with engineering responses and regulation being two of the most common; the most common individual response to perceived safety issues is insurance, which compensates for or provides restitution in the case of damage or loss. System safety and reliability engineering is an engineering discipline. Contin