In basketball, a rebound, sometimes colloquially referred to as a board, is a statistic awarded to a player who retrieves the ball after a missed field goal or free throw. Rebounds are given to a player who tips in a missed shot on his team's offensive end. Rebounds in basketball are a routine part in the game, as most possessions change after a shot is made, or the rebound allows the defensive team to take possession. A rebound can be grabbed by either a defensive player. Rebounds are divided into two main categories: "offensive rebounds", in which the ball is recovered by the offensive side and does not change possession, "defensive rebounds", in which the defending team gains possession; the majority of rebounds are defensive because the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots. Offensive rebounds give the offensive team another opportunity to score whether right away or by resetting the offense. A block is not considered a rebound. A ball does not need to "rebound" off the rim or backboard for a rebound to be credited.
Rebounds are credited after any missed shot, including air balls. If a player takes a shot and misses and the ball bounces on the ground before someone picks it up the person who picks up the ball is credited for a rebound. Rebounds are credited to the first player that gains clear possession of the ball or to the player that deflects the ball into the basket for a score. A rebound is credited to a team when it gains possession of the ball after any missed shot, not cleared by a single player. A team rebound is never credited to any player, is considered to be a formality as according to the rules of basketball, every missed shot must be rebounded whether a single player controls the ball or not. Great rebounders tend to be strong; because height is so important, most rebounds are made by centers and power forwards, who are positioned closer to the basket. The lack of height can sometimes be compensated by the strength to box out taller players away from the ball to capture the rebound. For example, Charles Barkley once led the league in rebounding despite being much shorter than his counterparts.
Some shorter guards can be excellent rebounders as well such as point guard Jason Kidd who led the New Jersey Nets in rebounding for several years. Great rebounders must have a keen sense of timing and positioning. Great leaping ability is an important asset, but not necessary. Players such as Larry Bird and Moses Malone were excellent rebounders, but were never known for their leaping ability. Bird has stated. That's where I get mine"). Players position themselves in the best spot to get the rebound by "boxing out"—i.e. by positioning themselves between an opponent and the basket, maintaining body contact with the player he is guarding. The action can be called "blocking out". A team can be boxed out by several players using this technique to stop the other team from rebounding; because fighting for a rebound can be physical, rebounding is regarded as "grunt work" or a "hustle" play. Overly aggressive boxing out or preventing being boxed out can lead to personal fouls. Statistics of a player's "rebounds per game" or "rebounding average" measure a player's rebounding effectiveness by dividing the number of rebounds by the number of games played.
Rebound rates go beyond raw rebound totals by taking into account external factors, such as the number of shots taken in games and the percentage of those shots that are made. Rebounds were first recorded in the NBA during the 1950–51 season. Both offensive and defensive rebounds were first recorded in the NBA during the 1973–74 season and ABA during the 1967–68 season. New camera technology has been able to shed much more light on where missed shots will land. Wilt Chamberlain – led the NBA in rebounds in 11 different seasons, has the most career rebounds in the regular season, the highest career average, the single season rebounding records in total and average, most rebounds in a regular season game and playoff game in the NBA, has the most career All-Star Game rebounds. Bill Russell – first player to average over 20 rebounds per game in the regular season, ranks second to Chamberlain in regular season total and average rebounds, averaged more than 20 rebounds per game in 10 of 13 seasons played, grabbed 51 rebounds in a single game, grabbed a record 32 rebounds in one half, grabbed 40 rebounds in the NBA Finals twice, is the all-time playoff leader in total and average rebounds.
Bob Pettit – averaged 20.3 rebounds per game in the 1960-61 season, his career average of 16.2 rebounds per game is third all-time, holds the top two performances for rebounds in an NBA All-Star Game with 26 and 27. Nate Thurmond – averaged more than 20 rebounds per game in two seasons, career average of 15.0 rpg, holds the all-time NBA record for rebounds in a single quarter with 18. He is the only player besides Bill Russell, Wilt Chamberlain and Jerry Lucas to record more than 40 rebounds in a single game. Jerry Lucas – averaged more than 20 rebounds per game in two seasons, had a career average of 15.6 rpg. Along with Russell and Thurmond is one of only four players to grab at least 40 rebounds in a single game. Moses Malone – led the NBA in rebounds per game in six d
Doris Burke is a TV analyst for NBA on ESPN and NBA on ABC games. She worked as an analyst for WNBA games on MSG, has worked on New York Knicks games. Burke was the first female commentator to call a New York Knicks game on television, she played college basketball for the Providence Friars, finishing her career as the school's leader in assists. Honored for her pioneering work she was selected to enter Basketball Hall of Fame as the 2018 Curt Gowdy Media Award winner. Raised in Manasquan, New Jersey, Doris Sable was the youngest of eight children, she started playing basketball in the second grade. Her basketball idols growing up were Kelly Tripucka and Tom Heinsohn, she played as a point guard at Manasquan High School. She was recruited by several eastern colleges, she attended Providence College in Rhode Island. Sable was a member of the Providence Friars women's basketball team, again as a point guard. During her freshman year, Sable led the Big East Conference in assists, she was a second-team All-Big East player once and twice made the all-tourney team of the Big East Women's Basketball Tournament.
As a senior in 1987 she was the college's Co-Female Athlete of the Year. She left Providence as its all-time leader in assists and as of 2012 was still second in that career category, she was inducted into the Providence College Hall of Fame in 1999, the fifth woman so honored. At Providence, Sable earned a bachelor's degree in health service administration/social work and a master's in Education. Doris married Gregg Burke in 1989, she and her husband subsequently divorced. Burke began her broadcasting career in 1990 as an analyst for women's games for her alma mater on radio; that same year, she began working in the same role on Big East Women's games on television, in 1996 she began working Big East men's games. Burke has been working for ESPN one way or another since 1991, she has been a part of ESPN's coverage of the WNBA. And for many years, she was the primary television voice of the New York Liberty. In 2003, Burke was named to ESPN's top men's basketball team working with Dick Vitale on the men's games and began working the sidelines for ESPN and ABC for their coverage of the NBA.
In 2000, Burke became the first woman to be a commentator for a New York Knicks game on radio and on television. Since 2009, she has served as a sideline reporter for the NBA Finals for ABC Sports. In 2010, she was featured as the new sideline reporter for 2K Sports's NBA 2K11 video game, she has appeared in each edition since, including the latest in the series, NBA 2K19. In October 2013, Burke signed a multiyear contract extension to serve as an NBA commentator for ESPN. On November 13, Burke debuted on ESPN's NBA pre-game show "NBA Countdown", alongside analysts Jalen Rose and Avery Johnson. In 2017, Doris Burke became a regular NBA game analyst for ESPN, becoming the first woman at the national level to be assigned a full regular-season role. Burke replaced Doug Collins. In 1999, Burke was inducted into the Providence College Hall of Fame. In 2003, she received the USA Today Rudy Award as the Best New Face in Sports Television. In the spring of 2004, she was honored with induction into the Institute for International Sport's Scholar Athlete Hall of Fame, in the spring of 2005 Providence College awarded her with an honorary doctorate degree.
In October 2006, she was inducted into the New England Basketball Hall of Fame. In 2006, she became a member of the North Providence Hall of Fame. In January 2012 she received the Silver Anniversary Award in recognition of her athletic and professional accomplishments from the NCAA. In 2012, she was a reporter during the championship game. Honored for her pioneering work, she was selected to enter Basketball Hall of Fame as the 2018 Curt Gowdy Media Award winner. For their first match of March 2019, the women of the United States women's national soccer team each wore a jersey with the name of a woman they were honoring on the back. ESPN biography Interview with Sports Business Daily
Sacramento is the capital city of the U. S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States. Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth largest in California. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of Sacramento State University and University of California, Davis. Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, the UC Davis School of Medicine, notable tourist destination in California, as the site of The California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, the Old Sacramento State Historic Park.
Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan people indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born, Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento; as a result of the California Gold Rush, Sacramento became a major commercial center and distribution point for Northern California, serving as the terminus for the Pony Express and the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Nisenan and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, by fruits, bulbs and roots gathered throughout the year. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths; the air was like champagne, drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "¡Es como el sagrado sacramento!" The valley and the river were christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. John Sutter Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres.
The next year, he and his party established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls eighteen feet high and three feet thick. Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847 Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. That same year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire, unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on some thin margins of credit. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population.
In August 1848 Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr. arrived in the area to assist his father in relieving his indebtedness. Now compounding the problem of his father's indebtedness, was the additional strain placed on the Sutters by the ongoing arrival of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many quite content to squat on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or to abscond with various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. In Sutter's case, rather than being a'boon' for Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal'bane' for him. By December 1848, John Sutter Jr. in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr. however the father, being in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. For
Uncasville is an area in the town of Montville, United States. It is a village in southeastern Montville, at the mouth of the Oxoboxo River; the name is now applied more to all of the east end of Montville, the area served by the Uncasville ZIP Code. In 1994 the federal government recognized the Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut, which had occupied this area; that year Congress passed the Mohegan Nation Land Claim Settlement Act. It authorized the United States to take land into trust in northeastern Montville for the Mohegan tribe's use as a reservation. Since gaining a reservation, in 1996 the tribe developed the Mohegan Sun casino resort, it has built the Mohegan Sun Arena on their land. The Mohegan are one of the Native American peoples of the Algonquian languages family. Uncasville takes its name from the 17th-century Mohegan sachem; the Mohegan part of the Algonquian-speaking Pequot people, became independent through the 17th and 18th centuries. Uncas established a fortified village for defense, now known as Fort Shantok, on an elevated site next to the Thames River.
He welcomed English colonists to the Mohegan lands. The village of Uncasville became the site of the first woolen mill in the United States, developed by the brothers John and Arthur Schofield, their carding and spinning mill was located at the mouth of the Oxoboxo River. The Uncasville Manufacturing Corporation operated on the river into the early 20th century, as shown in the postcard image to the right. In the 1950s the Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation established a large manufacturing facility in the Sandy Desert section in northeastern Montville. In 1961, it formed a joint venture, the United Nuclear Corporation, with Mallinckrodt Corporation of America, Nuclear Development Corporation of America, they started with a total of 1400 employees, producing nuclear reactor fuel components for the United States Navy nuclear program. The site was near Trading Bay; some parts of the program ended by 1976. After United Nuclear ceased its operations about 1990, the site was cleaned up of environmental hazards and released for unrestricted use.
This was a redevelopment area as designated by the village. As colonial agents had sold land reserved for them, the Mohegan people had lost recognition as a sovereign entity, they sought federal recognition through the formal administrative process, submitting thorough documentation to prove their community and cultural continuity. At the same time, beginning in the 1970s, they were pursuing a land claim against Connecticut for having been deprived of their traditional lands. In 1994, the U. S. Department of the Interior granted federal recognition to the Mohegan tribe. Several months the U. S. Congress passed the Mohegan Nation Land Claim Settlement Act, it authorized the United States to take into trust the United Nuclear site for use as Mohegan reservation lands. In exchange, Congress approved the tribe undertaking gambling operations at the reservation site. With its own reservation, the Mohegan developed gaming operations to generate revenue for tribal welfare, they opened the Mohegan Sun casino on October 12, 1996, near the former Fort Shantok site above the Thames River.
It has since been expanded into a large resort with other facilities. Uncasville village is located in southeastern Montville near the confluence of the Oxoboxo and Thames rivers. All of eastern Montville, located on the western shore of the Thames, is served by the Uncasville ZIP code, 06382, is known as Uncasville; the U. S. Census Bureau treats Uncasville village as part of the Oxoboxo River census-designated place; the Mohegan Sun resort is about 3 miles north of Uncasville village. The Mohegan Sun casino in Uncasville, established in 1996, has become one of the largest casinos in the world, it has more than 250,000 square feet. The associated resort complex now includes a luxury hotel, entertainment theater, around 50 restaurants and 35 stores; the Mohegan Sun Arena, located in the complex, hosts live sporting events. It is the home of the Women's National Basketball Association's team, the Connecticut Sun and the New England Black Wolves of the NLL. Stephanie Fielding, Mohegan language activist
WNBA on ESPN
The WNBA on ESPN refers to the presentation of Women's National Basketball Association games on the ESPN family of networks. Under the title of WNBA Tuesday, games are broadcast throughout the WNBA season on Tuesday nights on ESPN2. In June 2003, the WNBA signed a new six-year agreement with ABC Sports and ESPN to televise regular-season games and playoff games from 2003 through 2008, it was announced that ESPN2 would televise a half-hour pre-game show before each broadcast. In June 2007, the WNBA signed another contract extension with ESPN; the new television deal runs from 2009 to 2016. A minimum of 18 games will be broadcast on ABC, ESPN, ESPN2 each season. Additionally, a minimum of 11 postseason games will be broadcast on any of the three stations. Along with this deal came the first rights fees to be paid to a women's professional sports league. WNBA president Donna Orender and John Skipper, ESPN vice president for content, gave no exact figure but said it was worth "millions and millions of dollars".
Beginning with the 2009 WNBA season, all nationally broadcast WNBA games are shown in high definition. On March 28, 2013, ESPN and the WNBA announced they had extended their agreement through 2022. Under the agreement, there will be up to 30 games a year televised on ABC, ESPN or ESPN2 each season, including the Finals. Although the financial terms of the deal were not stated by ESPN or the WNBA, Sports Business Daily reported that sources said the deal was worth $12 million a year. In 2014 ESPN and the WNBA renegotiated the television rights deal to $25 million per year. Announcers change from year to year, but recent play-by-play personalities have included: Terry Gannon, Mark Jones, Dave Pasch and Pam Ward. Game broadcasts include a pair of announcers—alongside those providing play-by-play are the color analysts which have included Doris Burke, Nancy Lieberman, Carolyn Peck, Rebecca Lobo; these broadcasts commonly include a sideline reporter. Recent sideline reporters have included Heather Cox, Holly Rowe and Rebecca Lobo.
During halftime of the broadcasts, Cindy Brunson, more Doris Burke, provide game analysis and other sports updates. One unique aspect of WNBA coverage on the ESPN family of networks is that many of the participants wear live microphones. Starting with the 2003 WNBA All Star Game, most games televised have involved coaches and referees being wired for sound. On some occasions, the sound of players and coaches talking will overlap with commentary. During the 2006 WNBA Finals, Detroit Shock head coach, former ESPN NBA analyst, Bill Laimbeer became irritated by ESPN's coverage, quoted by the Detroit Free Press as saying: Laimbeer banned ESPN from the Shock locker room for Game 4 of the series, refused to wear a live microphone for that game. Former Connecticut Sun head coach Mike Thibault admitted that he does not like having a microphone on during games, he said that he sometimes finds himself turning the microphone off. Saturday and Sunday afternoon games were broadcast on ABC. Tuesday night games were broadcast on ESPN2.
But over time that changed. For 2013, only one game was shown on ABC on Saturday, June 8, thirteen games were shown on ESPN2 on five different days of the week. On opening day for the 2008 season, ABC broadcast the Los Angeles Sparks and Phoenix Mercury matchup; the game received a little over 1 million viewers. Average viewership for games broadcast on national television was 413,000. Average viewership for the 2007 WNBA finals was 545,000. In 2008, the WNBA finished up in key demographics on ESPN2—Women 18–34 and Men 18–34 – and on ABC—All Women and Women 18–34. Ratings remain poor in comparison to NBA games. WNBA games averaged just 413,000 viewers, compared to 1.46 million viewers for NBA games. The 2009 regular season on ESPN2 concluded with an average of 269,000 viewers, up 8% vs. 2008 season. In addition, regular-season games on ESPN2 saw increases in key demographics, including men 18–34, men 18–49 and men 23–54; the WNBA finals between the Mercury and Fever had the highest average ratings, since average finals ratings began being recorded in 2007.
The 2011 season on ESPN2 averaged 270,000 viewers per game, the league's highest since 2005 and up 5% from an average of 258,000 in 2010. Viewership for the 2011 WNBA All-Star Game on ABC was up 46% from the previous game. Game 2 of the 2012 WNBA Finals between the Indiana Fever and Minnesota Lynx was broadcast on ESPN and received 778,000 viewers and a.6 household rating. This was the highest rated WNBA broadcast on ESPN since a 1999 Western Conference Finals game between the Houston Comets and Los Angeles Sparks received 1,052,000 viewers and a 1.1 household rating. The average viewership for the 4 finals games in 2012 was 477,000. For 2013 the league averaged 231,000 viewers for 13 games on ESPN2, a 28% gain over the 180,000 average audience for nine telecasts in 2012; the 2013 WNBA Finals games averaged 344,000 viewers. The 180,000 viewers for 9 games in 2012 was the lowest regular season WNBA ESPN2 ratings, with 2005 having the highest regular season ratings at 282,000. Two 2012 games broadcast on ESPN averaged 359,000 viewers.
In 2013 ESPN said. 66% of the viewers were male and half were African-Americans. Viewership for the 19 games broadcast for the 2014 regular season was an aver
ESPN on ABC
ESPN on ABC is the brand used for sports event and documentary programming televised on the American Broadcasting Company in the United States. The broadcast network retains its own sports division. ABC broadcasts use ESPN's production and announcing staff, incorporate elements such as ESPN-branded on-screen graphics, SportsCenter in-game updates, the BottomLine ticker; the ABC logo is used for identification purposes as a digital on-screen graphic during sports broadcasts on the network, in promotions to disambiguate events airing the broadcast network from those shown on the ESPN cable channel. The broadcast network's sports event coverage carried the ABC Sports brand prior to September 2, 2006; when ABC acquired a controlling interest in ESPN in 1984, it operated the cable network separately from its network sports division. The integration of ABC Sports with ESPN began after The Walt Disney Company bought ABC in 1996; the branding change to ESPN on ABC was made to better orient ESPN viewers with event telecasts on ABC and provide consistent branding for all sports broadcasts on Disney-owned channels.
Despite its name, ABC's sports coverage is supplemental to ESPN and not a simulcast of programs aired by the network, although ESPN and ESPN2 will carry ABC's regional broadcasts that otherwise would not air in certain markets. Like its longtime competitors CBS Sports and NBC Sports, ABC Sports was part of the news division of the ABC network, after 1961, was spun off into its own independent division; when Roone Arledge came to ABC Sports as a producer of NCAA football games in 1960, the network was in financial shambles. The International Olympic Committee wanted a bank to guarantee ABC's contract to broadcast the 1960 Olympics. At the time, Edgar Scherick served as the de facto head of ABC Sports. Scherick had joined the fledgling ABC television network when he persuaded it to purchase Sports Programs, Inc. in exchange for the network acquiring shares in the company. Scherick had formed the company after he left CBS, when the network would not make him the head of its sports programming unit.
Before ABC Sports became a formal division of the network, Scherick and ABC programming chief Tom Moore pulled off many programming deals involving the most popular American sporting events. While Scherick was not interested in "For Men Only," he recognized the talent. Arledge realized; the lack of a formal organization would offer him the opportunity to claim real power when the network matured. With this, he signed on with Scherick as an assistant producer, with Arledge ascending to a role as executive producer of its sports telecasts. Several months before ABC began broadcasting NCAA college football games, Arledge sent Scherick a remarkable memo, filled with youthful exuberance, television production concepts which sports broadcasts have adhered to since. Network broadcasts of sporting events had consisted of simple set-ups and focused on the game itself. In his memo, Arledge not only offered another way to broadcast the game to the sports fan, but recognized that television had to take fans to the game.
In addition, he had the forethought to realize that the broadcasts needed to attract, hold the attention of female viewers, as well as males. On September 17, 1960, the then-29-year-old Arledge put his vision into reality with ABC's first NCAA college football broadcast from Birmingham, between the Alabama Crimson Tide and the Georgia Bulldogs which Alabama won, 21–6. Despite the production values he brought to NCAA college football, Scherick wanted low-budget sports programming that could attract and retain an audience, he hit upon the idea of broadcasting field events sponsored by the Amateur Athletic Union. While Americans were not fans of track and field events, Scherick figured that Americans understood games. In January 1961, Scherick called Arledge into his office, asked him to attend the annual AAU board of governors meeting. While he was shaking hands, Scherick said, "if the mood seemed right, might he cut a deal to broadcast AAU events on ABC?" It seemed like a tall assignment, however as Scherick said years "Roone was a gentile and I was not."
Arledge came back with a deal for ABC to broadcast all AAU events for $50,000 per year. Next and Arledge divided up their NCAA college football sponsor list, they telephoned their sponsors and said in so many words, "Advertise on our new sports show coming up in April, or forget about buying commercials on NCAA college football this fall." The two persuaded enough sponsors to advertise on the broadcasts, though it took them to the last day of a deadline imposed by ABC's programming operations to do it. Wide World of Sports – an anthology series featuring a different sporting event each broadcast, which premiered on the network on April 29, 1961 – suited Scherick's plans exactly. By exploiting the speed of jet transportation and flexibility of videotape, Scherick was able to undercut NBC and CBS's advantages in broadcasting live sporting events. In that era, with communications nowhere near as universal as they are in the present day, ABC was able to safely record events on