National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, operated by private interests. It serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, displays baseball-related artifacts and exhibits, honors those who have excelled in playing and serving the sport; the Hall's motto is "Preserving History, Honoring Excellence, Connecting Generations." The word Cooperstown is used as shorthand for the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum to Canton for the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. The Hall of Fame was established in 1939 by the owner of a local hotel. Clark had sought to bring tourists to a city hurt by the Great Depression, which reduced the local tourist trade, Prohibition, which devastated the local hops industry. A new building was constructed, the Hall of Fame was dedicated on June 12, 1939; the erroneous claim that Civil War hero Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown was instrumental in the early marketing of the Hall.
An expanded library and research facility opened in 1994. Dale Petroskey became the organization's president in 1999. In 2002, the Hall launched Baseball As America, a traveling exhibit that toured ten American museums over six years; the Hall of Fame has since sponsored educational programming on the Internet to bring the Hall of Fame to schoolchildren who might not visit. The Hall and Museum completed a series of renovations in spring 2005; the Hall of Fame presents an annual exhibit at FanFest at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. Jeff Idelson replaced Petroskey as president on April 16, 2008, he had been acting as president since March 25, 2008, when Petroskey was forced to resign for having "failed to exercise proper fiduciary responsibility" and making "judgments that were not in the best interest of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum." Among baseball fans, "Hall of Fame" means not only the museum and facility in Cooperstown, New York, but the pantheon of players, umpires and pioneers who have been enshrined in the Hall.
The first five men elected were Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson and Walter Johnson, chosen in 1936. As of January 2018, 323 people had been elected to the Hall of Fame, including 226 former Major League Baseball players, 35 Negro league baseball players and executives, 22 managers, 10 umpires, 30 pioneers and organizers. 114 members of the Hall of Fame have been inducted posthumously, including four who died after their selection was announced. Of the 35 Negro league members, 29 were inducted posthumously, including all 24 selected since the 1990s; the Hall of Fame includes Effa Manley. The newest members elected on January 22, 2019, are players Edgar Martínez, Roy Halladay, Mike Mussina and Mariano Rivera, with Rivera becoming the first player to be elected unanimously. Players are inducted into the Hall of Fame through election by either the Baseball Writers' Association of America, or the Veterans Committee, which now consists of four subcommittees, each of which considers and votes for candidates from a separate era of baseball.
Five years after retirement, any player with 10 years of major league experience who passes a screening committee is eligible to be elected by BBWAA members with 10 years' membership or more who have been covering MLB at any time in the 10 years preceding the election. From a final ballot including 25–40 candidates, each writer may vote for up to 10 players. Any player named on 75% or more of all ballots cast is elected. A player, named on fewer than 5% of ballots is dropped from future elections. In some instances, the screening committee had restored their names to ballots, but in the mid-1990s, dropped players were made permanently ineligible for Hall of Fame consideration by the Veterans Committee. A 2001 change in the election procedures restored. Players receiving 5% or more of the votes but fewer than 75% are reconsidered annually until a maximum of ten years of eligibility. Under special circumstances, certain players may be deemed eligible for induction though they have not met all requirements.
Addie Joss was elected despite only playing nine seasons before he died of meningitis. Additionally, if an otherwise eligible player dies before his fifth year of retirement that player may be placed on the ballot at the first election at least six months after his death. Roberto Clemente's induction in 1973 set the precedent when the writers chose to put him up for consideration after his death on New Year's Eve, 1972; the five-year waiting period was established in 1954 after an evolutionary process. In 1936 all players were eligible, including active ones. From the 1937 election until the 1945 election, there was no waiting period, so any retired player was eligible, but writers were discouraged from voting for current major leaguers. Since there was no formal rule preventing a writer from casting a ballot for an active player, the scribes did not always comply with the informal guideline.
Alan Stuart Trammell is an American former professional baseball shortstop and coach. His entire 20-year playing career in Major League Baseball was with the Detroit Tigers, he serves as a special assistant to the General Manager of the Detroit Tigers. Trammell won a World Series championship in 1984 over his hometown San Diego Padres and an American League East division championship in 1987. Although his arm was not overpowering, he had a quick release and made accurate throws winning four Gold Glove awards. Trammell's defense complemented his double-play partner, Lou Whitaker; the two formed the longest continuous double-play combination in major league history, playing 19 seasons together. At the plate, Trammell was one of the best-hitting shortstops of his era and won three Silver Slugger awards. Trammell served as Detroit's manager from 2003 through 2005, he served as the interim manager for the Arizona Diamondbacks during the final three games of the 2014 season. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2018.
Trammell attended Kearny High School in San Diego and played American Legion Baseball. He was named the 1989 American Legion Graduate of the Year; the Detroit Tigers selected him in the second round of the 1976 MLB draft. While playing for the Tigers' farm team in Montgomery of the Southern League, Trammell played his first game with teammate Lou Whitaker before the two infielders were promoted, making their major league debut at Fenway Park together, during the second game of a double-header on September 9, 1977, the first of nineteen seasons together. Trammell batted.300 in 1980. In 1983, he batted.319 with 66 runs batted in and 30 stolen bases. Having hit.258 in both 1981 and 1982, Trammell won the 1983 MLB Comeback Player of the Year Award in the American League. Trammell and Whitaker made a cameo appearance on the television show Magnum, P. I. starring Tom Selleck during the 1983 season. Selleck's character, Thomas Magnum, was a Tigers fan Trammell, along with his Tiger teammates, enjoyed a championship-winning season in 1984, when they started the season 35–5 and led the American League wire-to-wire en route to winning the World Series.
Despite a season-long battle with tendinitis in his shoulder which caused him to miss 23 regular season games, he finished fifth in the AL batting race with a.314 mark and ranked eighth in on-base percentage. In the 1984 American League Championship Series against the Kansas City Royals, Trammell hit.364 with one home run and three RBI. In the World Series, he hit.450 against the San Diego Padres, including a pair of two-run home runs that accounted for all of the Tigers' scoring in a Game 4 victory. Detroit won the series 4–1 and Trammell was named World Series MVP. In 1985, after two consecutive years of batting not lower than.314, Trammell was hampered by injuries and posted only a.258 batting average. He underwent postseason surgery on his left right shoulder; the following season, a healthy Trammell hit 21 homers and stole 25 bases, becoming only the second player in Detroit history to hit 20+ home runs and steal 20+ bases in the same season. Trammell set a career-high with 75 RBI. In 1987, asked by manager Sparky Anderson to replace the departed Lance Parrish as cleanup hitter, Trammell responded with his best major league season, hitting a career-high 28 home runs to go with a career-high.343 batting average.
In addition, Trammell appeared among the league leaders in most other AL offensive categories: third in hits, tenth in RBI, tied for fifth in runs, fourth in total bases, fifth in on-base percentage, eighth in slugging average, sixth in on-base plus slugging, fifth in OPS+, tied for fifth in game-winning RBI. In September, he batted.416 with six homers and 17 RBI and put together an 18-game hitting streak in which he hit.457, helping his team overcome the Toronto Blue Jays to win the AL East division on the last day of the season. He became the first Tiger to collect 200 hits and 100 RBI in the same season since Al Kaline did it in 1955. Despite his efforts, Trammell finished second to Toronto's George Bell in the MVP voting. After the season finale, Whitaker gave him second base, on which he had written: To Alan Trammell, 1987 Most Valuable Player, from your friend Lou Whitaker. Trammell followed up with a.311 season in 1988, though a stint on the disabled list limited him to 128 games that year.
Following the 1990 season, in which he hit.304 with 89 RBI, Trammell suffered a long string of injuries that reduced his production over his final years. In 1991, knee and ankle injuries limited Trammell to 101 games. During the following season, he played in 29 games before breaking his right ankle and missing the remainder of the 1992 season, he hit.329 in the 1993 season, but was ineligible to be ranked among the AL batting leaders because he only had 447 plate appearances. In his final five seasons, Trammell averaged 76 games played after averaging 140 games played the first thirteen seasons of his career. From 1993 to 1996, Trammell saw less time at shortstop in favor of Travis Fryman and Chris Gomez and Andújar Cedeño, he instead saw playing time at multiple defensive positions, including shortstop, third base, second base, left field, center field, designated hitter. Trammell retired following the 1996 season. In his twenty-year career, Trammell batted over.300 seven times, ending with a career average of.285 and 185 home runs with 1,003 RBI, 1,231 runs, 2,365
Effa Louise Manley was an American sports executive. She co-owned the Newark Eagles baseball franchise in the Negro leagues with her husband Abe Manley from 1935 to 1946 and was sole owner through 1948 after his death on December 9, 1952. Throughout that time, she served as the team's business manager and fulfilled many of her husband's duties as treasurer of the Negro National League, she was the first woman inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Manley was born in Philadelphia, where she attended school. In 1916, she graduated from Penn Central High School, completing vocational training there in cooking, oral expression and sewing, she entered the hatmaking business. Manley's racial background is not known, it has been written her biological parents may have been white, but she was raised by her black stepfather and white mother, leading most to assume her stepfather was her biological father and therefore to classify her as black. Daryl Russell Grigsby wrote, "...some insist she was a white woman exposed to black culture, who identified as black.
Regardless of her ethnic origins, Effa Manley thought of herself as a black woman and was perceived by all who knew her as just that." Author Ted Schwarz wrote, "She was a white woman who passed as a black... She could stay in any hotel she desired."According to the book The Most Famous Woman in Baseball by Bob Luke, Effa was born through an extramarital union between her seamstress mother, Bertha Ford Brooks, Bertha's white employer, Philadelphia stockbroker John Marcus Bishop. According to historian Amy Essington and public records list Effa as black. In an interview she gave, she seemed to enjoy the confusion, she related a story of when her husband, Abe Manley took her to Tiffany's in New York for an engagement ring. She picked out a huge five-carat stone, she remarked at how every salesgirl in the store was on hand to get a glimpse of this "old Negro man buying this young white girl a five-carat ring" and how she got a kick out of it. In 1977, Manley was interviewed for an oral history project, archived at the Louie B.
Nunn Center for Oral History at the University of Kentucky Libraries. She married Abe Manley in 1935 after meeting him at a New York Yankees game, he involved her extensively in the operation of his own club, the Newark Eagles in Newark, New Jersey, she displayed particular skill in the area of marketing and scheduled promotions that advanced the Civil Rights Movement. Her most noteworthy success was the Eagles' victory in the Negro League World Series in 1946, she worked to improve the condition of the players in the entire league. She advocated better scheduling and accommodations, her players traveled in an air-conditioned Flxible Clipper bus, considered extravagant for the Negro Leagues. She took over day-to-day business operations of the team, arranged playing schedules, planned the team's travel and met the payroll, bought the equipment, negotiated contracts, handled publicity and promotions. Thanks to her rallying efforts, more than 185 VIPs—including New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, who threw out the first pitch, Charles C.
Lockwood, justice of the Supreme Court of the State of New York—were on hand to watch the Eagles' inaugural game in 1935. Among the Eagles players during her ownership were future major league stars such as Larry Doby, who in 1947 was the first player to integrate the American League, Monte Irvin, Don Newcombe. Manley was critical of Brooklyn Dodgers executive Branch Rickey, who signed Jackie Robinson to a minor league contract in 1945, she felt Negro league teams were justified in requesting compensation for players who were signed to major league contracts. Manley was critical of Negro league fans who supported Rickey because they felt he was integrating the major leagues due to civil rights causes rather than her summation of Rickey seeking business opportunity for his motivation, she was critical of Robinson when he talked of the disorganization of the Negro leagues, asking him to not forget his beginnings and the contributions the Negro leagues had made to the game. Her influence extended beyond baseball.
Before the civil rights movement, Manley supported. As part of her work for the Citizens' League for Fair Play, Manley organized a 1934 boycott of stores that refused to hire black salesclerks. After six weeks, the owners of the store gave in, by the end of 1935 some 300 stores on 125th Street employed black clerks. Manley was the treasurer of the Newark chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and used Eagles games to promote civic causes. In 1939 she held an "Anti-Lynching Day" at Ruppert Stadium. At this time most blacks were barred from practicing medicine; the Booker T. Washington Community Hospital, which offered training for black doctors and nurses, opened due in a large part to money raised from the Newark Eagles, they played numerous benefit games to raise money for new medical equipment. They raised money for black Elks lodges, a major part of urban black social life; the Eagles worked hard for groups that promoted the welfare of Newark's black population.
In an exhibit honoring the Negro leagues at the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, there is a banner given to the team by the Newark Student Camp Fund in recognition of their efforts to help the community. Another example of the relationship Effa helped forge with the community was copying a practice of another team which allowed the city's
Steven Patrick Garvey is an American former professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a first baseman, most notably for the Los Angeles Dodgers. Nicknamed "Mr. Clean" because of his wholesome image during his career in baseball, Garvey was the 1974 National League Most Valuable Player Award winner, a two-time National League Championship Series MVP, a 10-time All-Star, a two-time MVP of the All-Star Game, he holds the National League record for consecutive games played. Born in Tampa, Florida to parents who had relocated from Long Island, New York, from 1956 to 1961, Garvey was a bat boy for the Brooklyn Dodgers, New York Yankees and Detroit Tigers during spring training. Garvey played football and baseball at Michigan State University after graduating from Chamberlain High School. Garvey played his entire career in the National League West for two teams, he threw right-handed. In a nineteen-year career, Garvey was a.294 hitter with 272 home runs and 1308 RBI in 2332 games played.
Garvey credits Spartan head football coach Duffy Daugherty encouraging him to be a multi-sport athlete in his choosing MSU. He recorded 30 tackles and earned a letter as a defensive back in 1967, his first at-bat in a Spartan uniform resulted in a grand-slam home run, with the ball landing in the Red Cedar River. His baseball jersey number 10 was retired from Michigan State University in 2014, he was named Michigan State Baseball Distinguished Alumnus of the Year in 2009, he was inducted into the Michigan State University Hall of Fame in 2010. Garvey was featured in the LA Times as one of the three Spartan athletes that have helped Los Angeles professional sports teams win a combined seven world championships. Garvey was drafted by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 1st round of the 1968 MLB draft, he made his Major League debut on September 1, 1969 at the age of 20. He appeared in the 7th inning to pinch hit for Ray Lamb, he struck out in his one appearance at the plate. He had two more plate appearances in 1969, all as a pinch hitter, recorded his first hit on September 10, off Denny Lemaster of the Houston Astros.
He played third base for the Dodgers in 1970 and hit his first home run on July 21, 1970, off Carl Morton of the Montreal Expos. He moved to first base in 1973 after the retirement of Wes Parker. Garvey was part of one of the most enduring infields in baseball history along with third baseman Ron Cey, shortstop Bill Russell and second baseman Davey Lopes; the four infielders stayed together as the Dodgers' starters for eight and a half years. Garvey is one of only two players to have started an All-Star Game as a write-in vote, doing so in 1974; that year he won the NL MVP award, had the first of six 200-hit seasons. Only 16 players in all of Major League Baseball history have had six or more 200 hit seasons. In the 1978 National League Championship Series, which the Dodgers won over the Philadelphia Phillies, Garvey hit four home runs, added a triple for five extra base hits, both marks tying Bob Robertson's 1971 NLCS record and earning him the League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award.
With the Dodgers, Garvey played in 1,727 games over 14 seasons and hit.301 with 211 homers and 992 RBI. He was selected to eight All-Star Games, won the All-Star Game MVP Award for the 1974 and 1978 games, he won the 1981 Roberto Clemente Award, finished in the top 10 in the NL MVP Award voting five times and won four straight Gold Glove Awards from 1974–1977. In December 1982 Garvey signed with the Padres for $6.6 million over five years in what some felt was a "masterstroke" to General Manager Jack McKeon's effort to rebuild the team. Though San Diego had vastly outbid the Dodgers, McKeon noted Garvey's value in providing a role model for younger players. Additionally, Garvey's "box office appeal"—his impending departure from the Dodgers provoked some Girl Scouts to picket the stadium—helped San Diego increase its season ticket sales by 6,000 seats in Garvey's first year. Sports Illustrated ranked the signing as the fifteenth best free agent signing as of 2008, his first season in San Diego allowed him to break the National League's record for consecutive games played, a feat that landed him on the cover of Sports Illustrated as baseball's "Iron Man".
In an unusual homecoming, Garvey tied the record in his first appearance back at Dodger Stadium in Padre brown. For breaking the record, he was named the National League Player of the Week, he played in 100 games while having 114 hits, 22 doubles, 14 home runs and 59 RBIs while batting for.294 with a.344 OBP and.802 OPS. He had 29 walks to 39 strikeouts. In fielding, he played 867.2 innings at first base, the lowest at the position since 1973 when he played 647.2 innings. He made 49 assists, six errors and 69 double plays for a. 994 fielding percentage. It was Garvey's second season in San Diego, that would provide his highlight in a Padres uniform. Led by Garvey, winning his second National League Championship Series MVP award, the Padres won their first National League pennant over the Chicago Cubs in 1984. Game 4, "the best game of the series, one of the best games in memory", provided a notable effort by Garvey, his hot bat provided excellent insurance for the top of the order, including future Hall of Famer Tony Gwynn, who drew an intentional walk that Garvey converted into one of his four crucial RBI.
After supplying critical hits in the third and seventh innings, Garvey capped off his efforts with a two-run walk-off home run off future all-time saves leader Lee
Willie Dean McGee is a retired professional baseball player who won two batting titles and was named Major League Baseball's 1985 National League MVP. McGee played center and right field, winning three Gold Glove Awards for defensive excellence. McGee spent the majority of his 18-year career playing for the St. Louis Cardinals, helping the Cardinals win the 1982 World Series with his outstanding performance in Game 3 of that series. A four-time All-Star, McGee accumulated 2,254 hits during his career. Willie Dean McGee, one of seven children, grew up in a devoutly religious household, his father Hurdice was both a machinist at the Oakland Naval Yards and a deacon in the Pentecostal church. Hurdice did not want his son to play any organized sports on Sundays, so McGee slipped out of the house on Sunday afternoons to pursue his passion for sports. Much McGee learned that his father knew that he was sneaking out to play baseball, but decided to let him go on anyway, he served time as a youth in the Byron's Boys Ranch in Contra Costa County.
Upon graduating from Harry Ells High School in Richmond, California in 1976, McGee was selected in the 7th round of the June amateur entry draft by the Chicago White Sox. McGee declined the White Sox contract offer and opted instead to attend Diablo Valley Community College. A few months McGee was selected by the New York Yankees in the 1st round of the 1977 January amateur entry draft. From 1977 through 1981, McGee remained tucked away in the Yankees' minor league farm system, ascending no higher than the AA level during that time. McGee's big break came when he was acquired by the St. Louis Cardinals from the Yankees' farm system on October 21, 1981, in a trade for pitcher Bob Sykes. In 1982, he was assigned to the AAA Louisville Redbirds prior to being called up to St. Louis. In his rookie year, McGee batted.296, with 4 home runs and 56 runs batted in during the regular season. In the 1982 postseason, the 23-year-old McGee was thrown into the national spotlight during St. Louis' run to a World Series title.
His performance in Game 3 of the 1982 World Series ranks among the best in Series history. Not known for his power, McGee connected for two home runs and delivered a spectacular defensive play in center field, capped by a leaping snare of a would-be 9th-inning Gorman Thomas home run that secured the Cardinals 6–2 victory. McGee became the third rookie to hit two home runs in a World Series game, joining two New York Yankees: Charlie Keller and one of the announcers for the 1982 Series, Tony Kubek. McGee was an integral part of the Cardinals' unlikely Series win over the power-hitting Milwaukee Brewers, who were nicknamed "Harvey's Wallbangers" after team manager Harvey Kuenn. During the 1980s, McGee, along with Cardinals teammates Ozzie Smith, Tom Herr and Vince Coleman, would exemplify "Whiteyball", a style of baseball named after Cardinals manager Whitey Herzog; this style of baseball took advantage of St. Louis' spacious Busch Stadium and placed strong emphasis on fundamentals, defense, speedy baserunning, smart situational in-game play.
McGee hit for the cycle on June 23, 1984, in a classic Cubs matchup at Wrigley Field. The game was televised as NBC's Game of the Week; as the Cards led going into the bottom of the 9th, McGee was announced as NBC's "Player of the Game". NBC would revise that, announcing at the conclusion that McGee and Chicago's Ryne Sandberg would share the honor, after Sandberg hit two home runs and the Cubs won the game, 12–11. In 1985, McGee ranked first in the National League in batting average and triples, he ranked third in the National League in runs scored and stolen bases. Additionally, he earned a Gold Glove Award and a Silver Slugger Award, was voted to the National League All-Star team. For his superb offensive and defensive performance, McGee was named the 1985 NL Most Valuable Player. His.353 batting average was the highest for a National League player since Bill Madlock hit.354 ten years earlier and was the second-highest National League batting average between 1975 and 1993 only behind the.370 batting average that Tony Gwynn had in 1987.
McGee's efforts helped propel the Cardinals into the postseason, where St. Louis defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers in the NL Championship Series. However, St. Louis came up short in the 1985 World Series, as the Kansas City Royals defeated the Cardinals in seven games; the Series was known as the "I-70 Series", named after Interstate 70, the highway that connects St. Louis to Kansas City. In 1987, Cardinals manager Herzog moved McGee to 5th in the batting order. McGee drove in a career-high 105 runs. Again, McGee was a key component to the Cardinals' success as they enjoyed another fine season finishing as Eastern Division champs. After defeating the San Francisco Giants in a heated NL Championship Series, Herzog's Cardinals found themselves in their 3rd World Series contest of the 1980s. McGee himself made the last out of the seventh game of the series. 1990 would mark the end of the "Whiteyball" era in St. Louis. Amidst poor overall team performance, Herzog announced his retirement on July 6. In an effort to begin the team's re-building process, McGee was traded to the American League's Oakland Athletics on August 29 for 25-year-old outfielder Félix José and two minor-league players (third baseman Stan Royer and pitcher Daryl
Thomas Edward John Jr. is an American professional baseball pitcher who played in Major League Baseball for the Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox, Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Yankees, California Angels, Oakland Athletics from 1963 to 1989. He was a four-time MLB All-Star. John's 288 career victories rank as the seventh highest total among left-handers in major league history, he had an all-time MLB record among starting pitchers. He is known for the surgical procedure ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction, nicknamed "Tommy John surgery" when he became the first pitcher to undergo the operation, performed on a damaged ligament in his pitching arm. Over half of John's career wins came after his surgery. John was an outstanding basketball player at Gerstmeyer High School in Terre Haute, where he held the city single game scoring record. Choosing baseball when he realized he would not go on to play professional basketball, John signed with the Cleveland Indians and made his major league debut at twenty years-old in 1963.
Following two partial seasons with the Indians, John showed occasional excellence during seven respectable years as a starting pitcher with the Chicago White Sox. However, it was a trade before the 1972 season to the Los Angeles Dodgers for mercurial slugger Dick Allen that began a skein of John's most famous years, first with the Dodgers and subsequently with the New York Yankees, where he posted a pair of 20-win seasons and was twice an All-Star. John was named an All-Star in 1968 with the White Sox and 1978 with LA, he played in all three Yankees vs. Dodgers World Series of his era, having switched over to the Yankees by the time the Dodgers won the Series in 1981. John was a soft throwing sinkerball pitcher whose technique resulted in batters hitting numerous ground balls and induced double plays. In the middle of an excellent 1974 season, John had a 13–3 record as the Dodgers were en route to their first National League pennant in eight years, before he permanently damaged the ulnar collateral ligament in his pitching arm, leading to a revolutionary surgical operation.
This operation, now known as Tommy John surgery, replaced the ligament in the elbow of his pitching arm with a tendon from his right forearm. The surgery was performed by Dr. Frank Jobe on September 25, 1974, it seemed unlikely he would be able to pitch again, as he spent the entire 1975 season in recovery. John would work with teammate and major league pitcher Mike Marshall who taught John a different way to pitch in which he would not turn his leg and go straight to the plate, thus eliminating the chance of his hurting his knee and arm, John returned to the Dodgers in 1976, his 10–10 record that year was considered "miraculous", but John went on to pitch until 1989, winning 164 games after his surgery—forty more than before and one fewer in total than all-time great Sandy Koufax won in his entire career. After Phil Niekro's retirement, John spent 1989 as the oldest player in the major leagues. In 1989, John matched Deacon McGuire's record for most seasons played in a Major League Baseball career with 26 seasons played broken by Nolan Ryan.
In 1986, Mark McGwire got two hits off him. John said of this, "When your dentist's kid starts hitting you, it's time to retire!" Tommy John went on to pitch three more seasons. In 2009, in his 15th and final year of eligibility for election into the Baseball Hall of Fame, John received only 31.7% of the vote. He needed at least 75 %, he could still enter the Hall. On the edition of June 22, 2012 of The Dan Patrick Show and longtime baseball commentator Bob Costas discussed the impact that Tommy John surgery has had on the game, stating that there could be a case for John being awarded the Buck O'Neil Lifetime Achievement Award. John did commentary on select games during WPIX's final year of broadcasting Yankee baseball in 1998. In the edition of June 24, 1985 of ABC's Monday Night Baseball, John served as color commentator alongside Tim McCarver for a game between the Chicago White Sox and Oakland Athletics, he guest-hosted the Mike and Mike ESPN Radio program on June 26, 2008. It is unknown. On December 17, 2006, John was named manager of the Bridgeport Bluefish in the Atlantic League, an independent minor league in the Northeast.
Tommy John resigned as manager of the Bridgeport Bluefish on July 8, 2009, to pursue a "non-baseball position" with Sportable Scoreboards. In two-and-a-half years of managing, he compiled a 159–176 won-lost record with Bridgeport. In 2012, he was the spokesman for Tommy John's Go-Flex, a joint cream for older athletes and doing a national radio tour to promote this product as well as talk about life as a minor league coach, his years in the Major Leagues and to educate younger pitchers on the importance to take care of their arms. In 2013 the initial Tommy John surgery, John's subsequent return to pitching success, his relationship with orthopedic surgeon Dr. Frank Jobe, who developed the procedure, was the subject of an ESPN 30 for 30 Shorts documentary. Tommy married the former Sally Simmons on July 13, 1970, they are the parents of four children: Tamara, Tommy III, Taylor. In 1981, when Travis was two years old, he fell 37 feet from a third-floor window in his family's New Jersey vacation house, bounced off the fender of a car and lay in a coma for 17 days.
He made a full recovery. On March 9, 2010, Taylor John, age 28, died as the result of a seizure and
Gary Thomas DiSarcina is an American former professional baseball shortstop and current third base coach with the New York Mets. He played his entire Major League Baseball career for the California / Anaheim Angels. A former shortstop who stood 6 feet 1 inch tall and weighed 170 pounds, DiSarcina was raised in Billerica and attended the University of Massachusetts Amherst, he was drafted by the California Angels in the sixth round of the 1988 amateur draft. After brief Major League trials from 1989–91, DiSarcina replaced Dick Schofield as the Angels' regular shortstop in 1992 and held the job through 1998, he was selected to the American League All-Star team in 1995, a strike-shortened year when he batted a career-high.307 in 99 games played. He missed six weeks of action during that season, from August 4 through September 18, after sustaining a torn ligament in his thumb. In 1998, his finest all-around season, he was voted the Angels' team MVP; that year, in 157 games played, DiSarcina reached career highs in hits and runs batted in, while batting.287.
But it was his last full season as a player. He played only 12 games in 2000 and was out of baseball in 2001 before attempting a final comeback in 2002 in the Boston Red Sox organization with the Pawtucket Red Sox. All told, DiSarcina played in all with the Angels. DiSarcina wore several numbers over the course of his career, he wore the number 4 during his first season. He changed to number 11 to number 33, to number 9 for his remaining four seasons. A DiSarcina fly ball was caught by Texas Ranger Rusty Greer for the final out of Kenny Rogers' perfect game on July 28, 1994. After DiSarcina's playing career ended, he was associated with the Red Sox for several seasons, as baseball operations consultant to the team's front office, an in-studio analyst for the New England Sports Network, minor league manager and instructor, he skippered the Lowell Spinners of the Short Season-A New York–Penn League for three above-.500 seasons and served as the Red Sox' minor league infield instruction coordinator in 2010.
DiSarcina was the third base coach for Italy in the 2006 World Baseball Classic. In 2011–12, he returned to the Angels as an assistant to general managers Tony Reagins and Jerry Dipoto, held the post of field coordinator of player instruction in the club's farm system, he came back to the Red Sox organization for one season — 2013 — as manager of the Pawtucket Red Sox, Boston's Triple-A minor league affiliate. During 2013, he led the PawSox to a first-place finish in the IL North Division with an 80–63 record and into the finals of the Governors' Cup championship, before his club fell to the Durham Bulls. For his efforts, he was selected 2013 Minor League Manager of the Year by Baseball America. DiSarcina's four-year managerial record through 2013 is 205–162. DiSarcina's success at Pawtucket earned him a Major League managerial interview for the opening with the Seattle Mariners. On November 5, 2013, he joined the 2014 staff of Angels' manager Mike Scioscia, taking over the third-base coach's job from Dino Ebel, promoted to bench coach.
After two seasons at third base, DiSarcina was shifted across the diamond to coach first base when Ron Roenicke rejoined Scioscia's staff for 2016 after a five-year absence. On November 11, 2016, the Red Sox announced that DiSarcina would return to the Boston organization for a third time, as the 2017 bench coach on the MLB staff of manager John Farrell. In that role, he succeeded Torey Lovullo, who departed on November 4 to become manager of the Arizona Diamondbacks. DiSarcina served one season in that post, until Farrell's firing two days after Boston fell in the American League Division Series. On November 5, 2017, DiSarcina took over as the 2018 bench coach of the New York Mets on the staff of new manager Mickey Callaway. After one year as bench coach, he was reassigned to become the Mets' 2019 third-base coach. List of Major League Baseball players who spent their entire career with one franchise Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference