The Bradford Bulls are a professional rugby league club in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England playing in Championship. They have won the Challenge Cup five times, the league championship six times and the World Club Challenge three times. Bradford play their home games at Odsal Stadium; the team jersey is white with red and black chevrons. In 1907, founder member of the Rugby Football League Bradford F. C. switched codes to association football, Bradford Northern was formed by members who wished to continue rugby. Bradford Northern were renamed Bradford Bulls in 1996, at the start of Super League. Bradford's main rivalry was with Leeds; the club entered administration in 2012, again in 2014 and 2016. Several bids were made to take over the club but none were accepted by the administrators, so on 3 January 2017 the club went into liquidation; the RFL announced the criteria and invited bids to form a "new club", which acted as an immediate resurrection of the Bulls which retained the history, club colours, home stadium and a several players from the 2016 squad.
Due to the administration and liquidation, the club started the 2017 season with a 12-point deduction. With a few games left of the 2017 season, Bradford's relegation fears were confirmed and in 2018 they played in League One earning promotion back to the Championship after beating Workington Town on 7 October 2018; the original Bradford Football Club was formed in 1863 and played rugby football, subsequently joining the Rugby Football Union. The club played at Horton Cricket Ground, All Saints Road but were asked to leave because of damage to the pitch, they moved to Laisteridge Lane and North Park Road in Manningham. A nomadic existence continued as they went on to Peel Park Girlington and Apperley Bridge. Bradford Football Club and Bradford Cricket Club bought Park Avenue in 1879 and this resulted in the club becoming "Bradford Cricket and Football Club"; the club's headquarters were at the Talbot Darley Street, The Alexandra, Great Horton Road. The club achieved its first major success by winning the Yorkshire Cup in 1884.
In 1895, along with cross-town neighbours Manningham F. C. Bradford was among 22 clubs to secede from the Rugby Football Union after the historic meeting at the George Hotel in Huddersfield in response to a dispute over "broken time" payments to players who were thus part-time professionals; these 22 clubs formed rugby league football was born. Bradford enjoyed some success in the new competition. In the 1903–04 Northern Rugby Football Union season, the team finished level on points with Salford at the top of the league and won the resulting play-off 5–0. In 1905–06, Bradford beat Salford 5–0 to win the Challenge Cup and were runners-up in the Championship. In 1906–07, Bradford won the Yorkshire County Cup 8–5 against Hull Kingston Rovers. During this time Manningham F. C. had run into financial difficulties and, despite a summer archery contest that generated enough money to ensure their survival, its members were persuaded to swap codes and play association football instead. Manningham was invited to join the Football League in 1903, in an attempt to promote football in a rugby-dominated region, the newly renamed Bradford City A.
F. C. was voted into full membership of the Second Division without having played a game of football, having a complete team or being able to guarantee a ground. The creation of Bradford City led to demands for association football at Park Avenue too; the ground had hosted some football matches including one in the 1880s between Blackburn Rovers and Blackburn Olympic F. C.. In 1895, a Bradford side had beaten a team from Moss Side, Manchester, by 4–1 in front of 3,000 spectators. Following the change at Bradford City, a meeting was called of the Bradford FC members on 15 April 1907 to decide the rugby club's future. An initial vote appeared to favour continuing in rugby league, but opinion shifted towards rugby union and the chairman, Mr Briggs, used his influence to swing the committee behind the proposed move to association football; this act, sometimes referred to as "The Great Betrayal", led to Bradford FC becoming the Bradford Park Avenue Association Football Club. The minority faction decided to split and form a new club to continue playing in the Northern Union, appropriately called "Bradford Northern", which applied for and was granted Bradford FC's place in the 1907–08 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
Bradford Northern's first home ground was the Greenfield Athletic Ground in Dudley Hill, to the south of the city. They based themselves at the Greenfield Hotel. Northern moved to Birch Lane in 1908. Bradford council offered the club a site for a new stadium between Rooley Lane and Mayo Avenue in 1927; however the NRFU said the site was too small and the club kept on looking. Before moving to Odsal, Bradford Northern had had two other homes at Greenfield Athletic Ground in Dudley Hill and at Birch Lane, part of the Bowling Old Lane cricket ground, although at times they had to hire Valley Parade as the capacity at Birch Lane was insufficient for large matches. On 20 June 1933 Bradford Northern signed a ten-year lease with Bradford council for a former quarry being used as a waste dump at Odsal Top, it was turned into the biggest stadium outside Wembley. The Bradford Northern team played its first match there on 1 September 1934. Success came to Bradford in the 1940s with a number of cup wins: the Yorkshire cup in 1940–41, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1948–49 and 1949–50.
In the Championship Bradford found
James Graham (rugby league)
James Graham is an English professional rugby league footballer who plays as a prop for the St. George Illawarra Dragons in the NRL. An England international representative prop forward, he played in the Super League for St. Helens, having won a number of Championships and Challenge Cups with them before moving to Sydney for the 2012 NRL season. Graham is considered somewhat of an unlucky figure in his playing career when it comes to grand finals, losing six grand finals in a row including five in a row with his former club St Helens and in 2012 with Canterbury, he went to play in the 2014 NRL grand final loss to the South Sydney Rabbitohs, he featured for England in The 2017 rugby league world cup final loss to Australia. James signed with Saints as a junior in 2000 playing his way through the Junior Academies before making his senior début against Castleford in August 2003. Graham had leadership experience after captaining the England Academy in a famous series victory in Australia in 2004.
Graham played for St Helens from the interchange bench in their 2006 Challenge Cup Final victory against Huddersfield. Then-Great Britain coach Brian Noble selected Graham in a friendly against New Zealand earlier in 2006 in the Castlemaine XXXX Test in which he made a try scoring début at Knowsley Road. St Helens reached the 2006 Super League Grand final to be contested against Hull FC, Graham played from the interchange bench in Saints' 26-4 victory; as 2006 Super League champions, St Helens faced 2006 NRL Premiers the Brisbane Broncos in the 2007 World Club Challenge. Graham played from the substitute bench in Saints' 18-14 victory; the young prop made a name for himself in 2007's Super League XII, making 27 first team appearances and being named Saints’ Young Player of the Year which has seen him named as a contender for Super League Young Player of the Year, with competition from Wigan rival Chris Ashton. He signed a new contract at St. Helens to tie his future at the Knowsley Road based club until 2011.
He was named in the Super League Dream Team for 2008's 2008 season. James won the 2008 Man of Steel award, making him the fourth successive St Helens player to win the prestigious award having beaten rival Jamie Peacock, team mate Leon Pryce, he follows team mates James Roby, Paul Wellens, Jamie Lyon, Paul Sculthorpe and Sean Long in being named Man of Steel. He was named in the Rugby League Writers' team of the year in 2008 and the Rugby League World magazine the following year in 2009.2011 would be Graham's final year at Saints as a host of NRL clubs coveted his signature. Canterbury Bulldogs and Parramatta Eels were thought to head the list of interested clubs. On 27 April 2011 it was confirmed by club officials that St. Helens joint captain James Graham will join NRL side Canterbury Bulldogs when his contract expires at the end of the 2011 season. "We did everything practical to persuade James to stay," said Saints chairman Eamonn McManus. "But we respect his ambitions. There comes a point where you have to just shake his hand and wish him luck."
Graham left St Helens with a 4-5 record in finals. He played 26 games in his début NRL season and was part of the Bulldogs team which lost the Grand Final to Melbourne Storm; however he was at the centre of the match's most controversial incident when he appeared to bite the left ear of Storm fullback Billy Slater. Graham denied the charge but despite inconclusive video footage was condemned and subsequently suspended for 12 matches by the NRL Judiciary in a hearing lasting ten minutes. After Canterbury captain Michael Ennis was ruled out of the 2014 NRL Grand Final due to a foot injury, Graham along with teammate Trent Hodkinson were named co-captains of the Bulldogs for the match. At the Bulldogs 2015 season launch, Graham was named the club captain for the club's 80th season, replacing former rake Michael Ennis, it was announced that the Englishman will be joined in the role with newly appointed vice-captains, Aiden Tolman and Frank Pritchard. On the 5th of September during NRL 360 James Graham announced that he had signed a 3 year deal with the St George Illawarra Dragons starting in the 2018 NRL season.
The deal was confirmed by his previous club the Bulldogs & future club the Dragons on the 7th of September 2017. In Graham's first year at St George, the club qualified for the finals and defeated Brisbane in week one 48-18 before being eliminated the following week by South Sydney losing 13-12. James made his International début for Great Britain in the 2006, scoring twice in a mid-season international with New Zealand, he missed the Tri-Nations that season after injuring himself during a drunken episode involving his St Helens teammates. He went on to make another three Great Britain appearances which would all come in the 2007 All Golds Tour before the nation would be ceased and split up into three countries: England and Wales; the following year in June, James made his début for the re-established England team against France in Toulouse. James would go on to play for England in one more fixture, against Wales in Doncaster, before being selected in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup team, he would go on to appear in 3 of England's 4 appearances in their campaign.
He was selected to play for England against France in the one-off test in 2010. Due to an injury to tour skipper Adrian Morley, Graham was handed over the captaincy of England's 2010 Four Nations tournament squad, in doing so became one of the youngest captains of the national side. Graham played in 2013 Rugby League World Cup. Graham was the vice-captain of England at the 2014 Four Nations, he captained the team in the
Eddie Hemmings (rugby league)
Eddie Hemmings is an English rugby league commentator who presents Sky Sports rugby league coverage, is the channel's main commentator for the sport. Hailing from Aigburth, England, Hemmings became known for his commentary partnership with Mike Stephenson from 1988 to 2017. Hemmings began his career on the now defunct Liverpool Weekly News, before moving to BBC Radio Merseyside, where he became sports editor, proceeding to become a sports reporter/commentator on BBC Radio 2 in the 1980s. Hemmings and Stephenson first met up for commentary duties at the station. Hemmings joined satellite broadcaster BSB as the anchorman/commentator for its rugby league coverage at the network's launch in 1990. Stephenson was brought in to be Hemmings' regular sidekick; the pairing were kept together when BSB and Sky Television merged to form BSkyB. Hemmings is still the main caller for nearly all. On 13 February 2009, commentating on a St. Helens and Warrington match, Hemmings called for the names and numbers on the back of the Warrington away jersey to be changed as he found it hard to read.
Warrington recognised this and two weeks in a match between Wakefield Trinity Wildcats and Warrington, Warrington altered their away jersey through having a white background behind the numbers
Rugby league positions
A rugby league team consists of thirteen players on the field, with four substitutes on the bench. Each of the thirteen players is assigned a position with a standardised number, which reflects their role in attack and defence, although players can take up any position at any time. Players are divided into two general types and backs. Forwards are chosen for their size and strength, they are expected to run with the ball, to attack, to make tackles. Forwards are required to improve the team's field position thus creating space and time for the backs. Backs are smaller and faster, though a big, fast player can be of advantage in the backs, their roles require speed and ball-playing skills, rather than just strength, to take advantage of the field position gained by the forwards. Forwards tend to operate in the centre of the field, while backs operate nearer to the touch-lines, where more space can be found; the diagram, shows the typical positions of each player during a scrum. The laws of the game recognise standardised numbering of positions.
The starting side wear the numbers corresponding to their positions, only changing in the case of substitutions and position shifts during the game. In some competitions, such as Super League, players receive a squad number to use all season, no matter what positions they play in; the positions and the numbers are defined by the game's laws as: Backs1 Full Back 2 Right Wing Threequarter 3 Right Centre Threequarter 4 Left Centre Threequarter 5 Left Wing Threequarter 6 Stand-off Half or Five-eighth 7 Scrum Half or HalfbackForwards8 Prop 9 Hooker 10 Front Row Forward 11 Second Row Forward 12 Second Row Forward 13 Lock ForwardIn practice, the term'front row forward' is rarely used, a team has two props. The scrum half is known as the half back in Australasia, the lock forward is known as loose forward in England. There are seven backs, numbered 1 to 7. For these positions, the emphasis is on ball-handling skills; the "back-line" consists of smaller, more agile players. Numbered 1, the fullback's primary role is the last line of defence, standing behind the main line of defenders.
Defensively, fullbacks must be able to chase and tackle any player who breaks the first line of defence, must be able to catch and return kicks made by the attacking side. Their role in attack is as a support player, they are used to come into the line to create an overlap in attack. Fullbacks that feature in their respective nations' rugby league halls of fame are France's Puig Aubert, Australia's Clive Churchill and Billy Slater, Charles Fraser, Graeme Langlands and Graham Eadie, Great Britain/Wales' Jim Sullivan and New Zealand's Des White. There are four threequarters: two wingers and two centres - right wing, right centre, left centre and left wing; these players work in pairs, with one winger and one centre occupying each side of the field. Known as wingers. There are two wings in a rugby league team, numbered 2 and 5, they are positioned closest to the touch-line on each side of the field. They are among the fastest players in a team, with the speed to exploit space, created for them and finish an attacking move.
In defence their primary role is to mark their opposing wingers, they are usually required to catch and return kicks made by an attacking team dropping behind the defensive line to help the fullback. Wingers that feature in their nations' rugby league halls of fame are Great Britain's Billy Batten, Billy Boston and Clive Sullivan, Australia's Brian Bevan, John Ferguson, Ken Irvine, Harold Horder and Brian Carlson, South African Tom van Vollenhoven and France's Raymond Contrastin There are two centres and left, numbered 3 and 4 respectively, they are positioned just inside the wingers and are the second-closest players to the touch-line on each side of the field. In attack their primary role is to provide an attacking threat out wide and as such they need to be some of the fastest players on the pitch providing the pass for their winger to finish off a move. In defence, they are expected to mark their opposite centre. Centres that feature in their countries' halls of fame are France's Max Rousié, England's Eric Ashton, Harold Wagstaff and Neil Fox, Wales' Gus Risman and Australia's Reg Gasnier, H "Dally" Messenger, Dave Brown, Jim Craig, Bob Fulton and Mal Meninga.
There are two halves. Positioned more centrally in attack, beside or behind the forwards, they direct the ball and are the team's main play-makers, as such are required to be the most skillful and intelligent players on the team; these players usually perform most tactical kicking for their team. Numbered 6, the stand off or five-eighth is a strong passer and runner, while being agile; this player is referred to as "second receiver", as in attacking situations they are the second player to receive the ball and are able to initiate an attacking move. Star players of this position include Wally Lewis, Darren Lockyer, Bob Fulton, Brad Fittler, Laurie Daley and Terry Lamb Numbered 7, the scrum-half or half back is involved in directing the team's play; the position is sometimes referred to as "first receiver", as half backs are the first to receive the ball from the dummy-half after a play-the-ball. This makes them important decision-makers in attack. A rugby league forward pack consists of six players who tend to be bigger and stronger than backs, rely more on their strength and size to fulfill their roles than play-making skills.
The forwards traditionally formed and contested scrums, however in the modern game
Iosefo Motu Tony is a Samoan former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s. A New Zealand international representative utility back or hooker, he played in the National Rugby League for the Auckland Warriors and Brisbane Broncos clubs before playing in the Super League for English clubs Wakefield Trinity, the Castleford Tigers, Hull F. C. and Whitehaven. Tony was born in Samoa, he attended De La Salle College. He played for the Marist Saints in the Auckland Rugby League competition before being signed by the New Zealand Warriors, he played for the Marist-Richmond Brothers in the 2000 Bartercard Cup and toured Australia with the New Zealand Residents that year. Tony made his professional début for the New Zealand Warriors in 2001, he went on to play 55 games for the club, including his appearance at five-eighth in the Warriors' 2002 NRL grand final loss to the Sydney Roosters. In 2004 he moved to the Brisbane Broncos but only played in three games for the club before leaving to play in the Super League.
Tony played for English club Castleford. In 2005 he joined Hull F. C. Tony played fullback for Hull in the 2005 Challenge Cup Final, scoring a try in the victory against Leeds Rhinos, he was part of the New Zealand side that won the Gillette Tri-Nations in 2005, beating Australia in the final 24–0. Hull reached the 2006 Super League Grand final to be contested against St Helens R. F. C. and Tony played on the wing in his side's 4-26 loss. He played in 109 games for Hull before crossing codes to play for National 2 Rugby Union club Hull RUFC. Following the end of the Rugby union season Tony signed for Whitehaven. Tony had represented the New Zealand national rugby league team 18 times between 2001 and 2006. In 2008 he chose to represent Samoa and was named in the Samoa training squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup but withdrew due to injury. In July 2010 it was announced that Tony had signed for a 1-month trial with Championship union side Nottingham Rugby. On 28 October 2010, Super League club Wakefield Trinity announced the signing of Tony.
On 12 June 2010, Tony made his début for Trinity at fullback in their 13–10 home victory over Huddersfield. Hull profile Kiwi profile Castleford Tigers profile Kiwi star Tony to play for Samoa Wildcats Capture Kiwi International
Deacon Blue are a Scottish pop rock band formed in Glasgow during 1985. The line-up of the band consists of vocalists Ricky Ross and Lorraine McIntosh, keyboard player James Prime and drummer Dougie Vipond; the band released their debut album, Raintown, on 1 May 1987 in the United Kingdom and in the United States in February 1988. Their second album, When the World Knows Your Name, topped the UK Albums Chart for two weeks, included "Real Gone Kid" which became their first top ten single in the UK Singles Chart. Deacon Blue released their fourth album, Whatever You Say, Say Nothing, in 1993; the band split in 1994. Five years the band held a reunion gig, this led on to a new album, Walking Back Home, with the band now working on a part-time basis; the band released another album, Homesick, in 2001. Though Graeme Kelling died from pancreatic cancer in 2004, the band has continued and 2006 saw Deacon Blue returning to the studio to record three new tracks for a Singles album – including the track "Bigger than Dynamite".
Deacon Blue's next album was The Hipsters, in 2012. The band released another album, A New House, in September 2014; the most recent album, was released in September 2016. A concert recording of their return to the Barrowlands, was released on 31 March 2017; as of 2012, Deacon Blue's total album sales stood at six million, with twelve UK Top 40 singles, along with two UK number one albums. Taking their name from the 1978 Steely Dan song "Deacon Blues", Deacon Blue were formed in 1985 following Ricky Ross's move from Dundee to Glasgow. Along with Ross, the group consisted of Lorraine McIntosh, James Prime, Dougie Vipond, Ewen Vernal and Graeme Kelling. Ross, a former school teacher from Dundee, was the group's frontman, penning the majority of Deacon Blue's songs, he married vocalist Lorraine McIntosh in 1990. In 1986, the band contributed a track to a compilation cassette entitled "Honey at the Core", featuring up-and-coming Glasgow bands, including Wet Wet Wet and Hue and Cry; the band's debut album, produced by Jon Kelly was released in 1987.
It spawned the singles "Dignity", "Chocolate Girl" and "Loaded". The city that the album's title refers to is Glasgow and the cover art of the album is a photograph of the River Clyde's docks taken from Kelvingrove Park, it proved a commercial success and has to date sold around a million copies, peaking in the UK Albums Chart at no. 14 and remaining in the charts for a year and a half. On 27 February 2006, Raintown was reissued as part of Columbia's Legacy Edition series; the reissue was expanded to two CDs. The second CD featured alternate cuts of all 11 album tracks, as well as the two original CD bonus tracks "Riches" and "Kings of the Western World"; the new edition did not include the varied bonus cuts. The second album, 1989's When the World Knows Your Name, was the band's most commercially successful, reaching No. 1 in the UK Albums Chart and generating five UK top 30 hits, including "Real Gone Kid", "Wages Day", "Fergus Sings the Blues". The following year saw the band play in front of an estimated 250,000 fans at the free concert on Glasgow Green, "The Big Day", held to celebrate Glasgow being named that year's European City of Culture.
The band played Glastonbury and the Roskilde festivals that summer, as well as released Ooh Las Vegas, a double album of B-sides, extra tracks, film tracks, sessions which reached No. 3 in the UK Albums Chart. Jon Kelly returned to the producer's chair in 1991 for the album Fellow Hoodlums; the album was peaked at No. 2 on the UK Albums Chart. Fellow Hoodlums was followed up by 1993's Whatever You Say, Say Nothing, a much more experimental album; the album garnered critical praise, but was not as commercially successful as the previous two albums, peaking at No. 4 on the UK Albums Chart. Changing from producer Jon Kelly to the team of Steve Osborne and Paul Oakenfold, this album presented a change in musical style for Deacon Blue. While the band's songwriting remained based in rock and blues, many of the tracks moved into alternative rock territory in their presentation; the band embarked on another sold out UK tour in 1994, after recording new material for their greatest hits compilation album, Our Town.
This saw the band return to No. 1 in the UK Albums Chart and was one of the year's top sellers, while "I Was Right and You Were Wrong" and a re-release of "Dignity" saw the band re-enter the Top 20 of the UK chart. The album contained the previous singles from the band, minus "Closing Time" and "Hang Your Head"; the album contained three new tracks. "I Was Right and You Were Wrong", the first single from this album, was an alternative rock track that continued and expanded the musical direction the band had taken with Whatever You Say, Say Nothing. "Bound to Love" and "Still in the Mood" were pop songs in the tradition of Deacon Blue's earlier albums. The vinyl LP version of the album contained a fourth new track, "Beautiful Stranger". "Dignity" was released, now for the third time, as the second single from the album. With Vipond's decision to quit the group in favour of a career in television, Deacon Blue split up in 1994. Five years the band held a reunion gig in 1999, this led on to a new album, Walking Back Home, with the band now working on a part-time basis.
The Walking Back Home album combined eight songs that were brand new compositions unreleased tracks, or released only with limited availability, with n
Shayne McMenemy is a former Ireland international rugby league footballer who played as a back rower in the 1990s and 2000s. He played club football in Australia for the Western Suburbs Magpies and WA Reds, in England for the Rochdale Hornets, Oldham and Hull FC. McMenemy was born in Australia, he went to Macquarie Fields High School in his early years before attending St Gregory's College, Campbelltown. A Macquarie Fields Hawks Junior, McMenemy made his first grade début in 1997 against the Balmain Tigers; the Magpies won the game against a Balmain Tigers team containing of Paul Sironen. The local junior signed a scholarship at 14 and went on to play Harold Mathews, SG Ball, Jersey Flegg, Presidents Cup, Reserve Grade and first grade. McMenemy débuted in the Tommy Raudonikis era in the late 1990s. McMenemy played second-row for the Magpies. A bad elbow injury finished off his career in 1999 and he headed to the Super League. McMenemy's English career started at Rochdale Hornets where he played a handful of games before moving onto Oldham.
McMenemy was named Clubman of the Year. McMenemy was selected in the Northern Ford Dream Team of the year. Oldham finished one game short of the grand final. McMenemy signed on for Oldham for the 2001 season but only managed one game before Halifax paid a transfer fee to take him to The Shay. McMenemy was named player of the year in 2001 and Defensive player of the Year in 2002. Mid-2003, Halifax were going through financial problems and McMenemy was signed by Hull F. C. midseason. Making his début against the Widnes Vikings McMenemy dislocated his elbow and only managed a handful of games at the end of the season. McMenemy played 2nd row for Hull FC, winning 2005 Challenge Cup team at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff against Leeds Rhinos, 25–24, he played a starring role with two decisive kicks. The first a cross field kick for Motu Tony to take advantage of, the 2nd kick late in the game and managed to somehow regather set up field position for Paul Cook to score the winning try. McMenemy played a major role in the semi final against St. Helens scoring two tries in the 34–8.
Hull reached the 2006 Super League Grand final against St. Helens, McMenemy played at second-row forward in his side's 4–26 loss at Old Trafford, Manchester. McMenemy's career with Hull ended. Dislocating his shoulder scoring against Wakefield Trinity Wildcats at Belle Vue requiring season ending surgery, he was named in the Ireland training squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup. After missing out on the final 24 man squad, he was called up as a replacement in the Ireland squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup. In 2008 McMenemy returned to Australia to play in the Jim Beam Cup for WA Reds as captain-coach. McMenemy represented the Jim Beam Cup NSW team in the Quad series. Ireland profile Shayne McMenemy Statistics at rugbyleagueproject.org