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2006 United States broadcast TV realignment

The 2006 United States broadcast television realignment consisted of a series of events that resulted from the January 2006 announcement that the country's two "second-tier" television networks, UPN and The WB, would both cease operations on September 15 and 17, their operations would be transferred to a new joint-venture "fifth" network, The CW. Meanwhile, Fox Television Stations signed up with MyNetworkTV, a new network owned by then-parent company News Corporation's Fox Entertainment Group. In January 1995, The WB Television Network and the United Paramount Network were launched, each hoping to recreate the success of the Fox network, which had launched in October 1986 and became one of America's "major" networks through the successes of several early series and its 1993 deal with the National Football League to assume the broadcast rights to the National Football Conference from CBS. Like with Fox at the time, The WB targeted a teenage and young adult audience. All three networks had been joint ventures between major Hollywood studios and large owners of independent stations – The WB was owned by the Warner Bros.

Entertainment division of Time Warner, in a joint venture with the Tribune Company, UPN was founded by Chris-Craft Industries, in a programming partnership with Paramount Pictures. In October 1993, Chris-Craft and the Paramount Stations Group reached affiliation agreements with most of the independent stations owned by the respective groups to serve as charter UPN affiliates; that November, Tribune cut affiliation deals with The WB for all eight independent stations it owned at the time – as well as a station in Boston that Tribune bought from the Gannett Company the following year, though only seven would join the network at launch due to the company's Atlanta station affiliating with CBS. Both new networks launched to limited fanfare and poor results. Over the course of 11½ seasons, despite a number of minor-hit or cult-hit series such as Star Trek: Voyager, 7th Heaven, Gilmore Girls, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Kids' WB's airing of the anime Pokémon, neither network was able to attain the stature that Fox had gained in its first decade, much less that of the longstanding "Big Three" television networks.

By early 2006, both networks were losing money, although The WB had been profitable a few seasons earlier. Reports indicated. A further complication was the various shifts in network and affiliate ownership at UPN. Shortly before its launch, Paramount Pictures' corporate parent Paramount Communications was purchased by Viacom, which purchased a 50% stake in UPN in December 1996, acquired CBS in 2000. Viacom was permitted to keep interests in both networks, in effect, resulting in the Federal Communications Commission lifting its long-standing ban on television station duopolies. Chris-Craft's relations with Viacom were strained in February 2000 when the latter firm exercised a contractual right to force Chris-Craft to either buy Viacom out of UPN, or sell its stake in the network to Viacom within a 45-day grace period. Chris-Craft subsequently filed a lawsuit against Viacom in the New York Supreme Court to block the CBS merger on grounds that a pact reached between Chris-Craft and Viacom in 1997 disallowed either company from owning "any interest, financial or otherwise" in "any competing network" through January 2001, however New York Supreme Court judge Herman Cahn ruled against Chris-Craft's move for a permanent injunction motion in March 2000.

Chris-Craft could not find a suitable partner and sold its interest in UPN to Viacom for $5 million that April. This had the adverse effect of making UPN one of the few networks not to have owned-and-operated stations in New York City and Los Angeles; the WB had the distinction of being the only American broadcast network never to have had an O&O, as although minority owner Tribune operated its core charter stations, Time Warner held majority ownership in the network. Time Warner did acquire Atlanta independent station WTBS through its 1996 merger with the Turner Broadcasting System, however WATL served as the WB affiliate for that market throughout the network's run; that August, when Chris-Craft put its television stations – most of them UPN affiliates – up for sale, it sold them to News Corporation's Fox Television Stations subsidiary instead of Viacom. At the time, Fox made no firm commitment. On September 24, 2003, Fox Television Stations renewed affiliation agreements for its nine UPN stations for three years through 2006.

In December 2005, Viacom split into two companies: a new company keeping the Viacom name, CBS Corporation (essentially the old Viacom renamed, which re

Operation Red Dawn

Operation Red Dawn was an American military operation conducted on 13 December 2003 in the town of ad-Dawr, near Tikrit, that led to the capture of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. The operation was named after the 1984 film Red Dawn; the mission was assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team of the 4th Infantry Division, commanded by Maj. Gen. Raymond Odierno and led by Col. James Hickey of the 4th Infantry Division, with joint operations Task Force 121—an elite and covert joint special operations team, they searched two sites, "Wolverine 1" and "Wolverine 2," outside the town of ad-Dawr, but did not find Hussein. A continued search between the two sites found Hussein hiding in a "spider hole" at 20:30 hrs local Iraqi time. Hussein did not resist capture. Hussein disappeared from public view soon after the 2003 invasion of Iraq; the American military labelled him "High Value Target Number One" and began one of the largest manhunts in history. Between July and December 2003, JSOC's Task Force 121 carried out twelve unsuccessful raids to find Saddam Hussein, together with 600 other operations against targets, including 300 interrogations.

On December 1, 2003, a former driver divulged the name Muhammed Ibrahim Omar al-Musslit, Saddam's right-hand man, known to TF 121 as "the source" or "the fatman." Over the next two weeks, nearly 40 members of his family were interrogated to ascertain his location. On 12 December 2003, a raid on a house in Baghdad, being used as an insurgent headquarters captured al-Musslit. Early the next morning he revealed; this intelligence and other intelligence from detained former members of the Ba'ath Party, supported by signals intelligence from the ISA pinpointed Hussein at a remote farm compound south of Tikrit. Operation Red Dawn was launched after gaining actionable intelligence identifying two locations of Saddam's whereabouts code-named Wolverine 1 and Wolverine 2, near the town of ad-Dawr. C squadron Delta Force, ISA operators under Task Force 121 and the First Brigade Combat team of the 4th ID, conducted the operation; the operation was named after the 1984 film of the same name starring Patrick Swayze.

The site names of "Wolverine 1" and "Wolverine 2" are a reference to the American insurgent group in the movie, the Wolverines. The Forces involved in the operation consisted of 600 soldiers including cavalry, aviation and special operations forces; the forces cleared the two objectives but did not find the target. As the operators were finishing and the helicopters called in to extract them, one assaulter kicked a piece of flooring to one side, exposing a spider hole; the Delta operator struck him with the stock of his M4 Carbine and disarmed him of a Glock 18C. Hussein offered no real resistance. After proper identification, he was taken by an MH-60K Blackhawk helicopter from 160th SOAR from Tikrit to Baghdad and into custody at Baghdad International Airport. Along with the Glock, an AK-47 and $750,000 in US bank notes were recovered from the spider hole. Two other individuals were detained. There were no casualties in the operation. Middle East Afghanistan: The Afghan government welcomed news of the capture of Saddam Hussein, deeming it a warning to opposition leaders such as Osama Bin Laden and Mullah Omar.

Bahrain: The official Bahrain News Agency quoted a foreign ministry spokesman who said should restore unity and cohesion to the Iraqis, to build "a promising future in a prosperous Iraq enjoying security and co-operating with its neighbors to promote stability and development" in the region. Egypt: Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher said, "I don't think anyone will be sad over Saddam Hussein, his arrest does not change the fact that his regime was finished, it is the natural consequence of the regime's fall. The Iraqi regime had harmed the Iraqi people, had pulled the Arab region into several storms." Iran: Vice President Mohammad-Ali Abtahi expressed satisfaction, stating, "I am happy they have arrested a criminal, whoever it may be, I am more happy, because it is a criminal who committed so many crimes against Iranians." Iran joined the call for justice, adding, "Iranians have suffered much, because of him, mass graves in Iraq prove the crimes he has committed against the Iraqi people". Jordan: The government spokeswoman said they hoped that a page has been turned and that the Iraqi people would be able to assume their responsibilities as soon as possible and build their future according to their will.

The first and last word concerning the capture of Saddam Hussein or his fate must be given to the Iraqi people. Lebanon: The country was tense at news of the U. S. capture of Saddam Hussein at the weekend. S. military victory. "The capture of Saddam will not save the U. S. from the world's condemnation for supporting the greater enemy, Israeli P. M. Ariel Sharon", said Selim Al-Hoss, ex-Lebanese Prime Minister. Palestinian Authority: Palestinian President Yasser Arafat's government had no comment, however Abdel-Aziz al-Rantissi, a senior Hamas leader, said the U. S. would "pay a high price for the mistake" of capturing Saddam Hussein. Following Saddam's capture, the climate among Palestinians was gloom. Saudi Arabia: Prince Bandar bin Sultan, Saudi ambassador to the United States, stated that "Saddam Hussein was a menace to the Arab world." Syria: Syrian Information Minister Ahmad al-Hassan advised Syria's position on

Miklós Kretzoi

Miklós Kretzoi was a Hungarian geologist and paleoanthropologist and Széchenyi Prize winner. Kretzoi studied Arts and natural sciences at the Pázmány Péter University, Budapest from 1925 to 1929. While still a student, he worked as a volunteer at the Geological Institute of Hungary. In 1930 he graduated from the University of Pécs with a PhD in Palaeontology and Geography. In 1933 he commenced work with the "Hungarian-American Oil Inc" as a geophysicist, he remained at Hungarian-American Oil until the outbreak of the Second World War. Kretzoi moved to the National Museum of Hungary where he was curator of the Mineralogy and Paleontology departments until he began work at the Geological Institute of Hungary in 1950. Kretzoi was the director of the Geological Institute of Hungary from 1956 to 1958. From the mid-1960s he led the "digs" at Rudabánya where a number of Anthropoid fossil remains were discovered

Ned Kelly Awards

The Ned Kelly Awards are Australia's leading literary awards for crime writing in both the crime fiction and true crime genres. They were established in 1996 by the Crime Writers Association of Australia to reward excellence in the field of crime writing within Australia; the genre of crime writing has long been popular, but it was not until the early 1990s that a local growth of writing within the genre occurred in Australia. By the middle of the decade support for the field had grown sufficiently that it was decided to establish the Ned Kelly Awards; the awards are affectionately referred to as'The Neddies' within the community. Best First Novel Best True Crime Best Novel Best Teenage/Young Adult Readers Vote Best Non-Fiction Lifetime Achievement Awards 2019Best Crime Novel Garry Disher, Kill Shot: A Wyatt Thriller Candice Fox, Gone by Midnight Kerry Greenwood, The Spotted Dog Jane Harper, The Lost Man Michael Robotham, The Other Wife Sue Williams and Let FryBest First Crime Novel Katherine Kovacic, The Portrait of Molly Dean Dervla McTiernan, The Ruin Emily O'Grady, The Yellow House Ben Stevenson, GreenlightBest True Crime Chloe Hooper, The Arsonist Bri Lee, Eggshell Skull Deborah Snow, Siege: Inside the Lindt Cafe Kate Wild, Waiting for Elijah2018Best Crime Novel Alan Carter, Marlborough Man Garry Disher, Under Cold Bright Lights Candice Fox, Redemption Point Sulari Gentill, Crossing the Lines Anna George, The Lone Child Iain Ryan, The StudentBest First Crime Novel Mark Brandi, Wimmera Sarah Bailey, The Dark Lake Megan Goldin, The Girl in Keller’s Way Sarah Schmidt, See What I Have DoneBest True Crime Mark Abernethy, The Contractor Graham Archer, Unmaking A Murder: The Mysterious Death of Anna Jane Cheney Tanya Bretherton, The Suitcase Baby Campbell McConachie, The Fatalist Gabriella Coslovich, Whiteley on Trial2017Best Crime Novel Emily Maguire, An Isolated Incident Candice Fox, Crimson Lake Ann Turner, Out of the Ice Adrian McKinty, Police at the Station and They Don't Look Friendly Wendy James, The Golden Child Jock Serong, The Rules of Backyard CricketBest First Crime Novel Ron Elliott, Burn Patterns Holly Throsby, Goodwood Anna Snoekstra, Only Daughter Andy Muir, Something for Nothing Jane Harper, The Dry Laura Elizabeth Woollett, The Love of a Bad ManBest True Crime Colin Dillon, with Tom Gilling, Code of Silence Terry Smyth, Denny Day Duncan McNab, Getting Away with Murder Mark Tedeschi, Murder at Myall Creek Duncan McNab, Roger Rogerson Brendan James Murray, The Drowned Man 2016Best Crime Novel Mark Dapin, R&R Garry Disher, The Heat Candice Fox, Fall Adrian McKinty, Rain Dogs Barry Maitland, Ash Island Dave Warner, Before It BreaksBest First Crime Novel Tania Chandler, Please Don't Leave Me Here J. M. Green, Good Money Mark Hollands, Amplify Gary Kemble, Skin Deep Iain Ryan, Four Days Emma Viskic, Resurrection BayBest True Crime Gideon Haigh, Certain Admissions Kate Kyriacou, The Sting Martin Mckenzie-Murray, A Murder Without Motive Rebecca Poulson, Killing love Mark Tedeschi, Kidnapped 2015Best Crime Novel Peter Docker, Sweet One Candice Fox, Eden Sulari Gentill, A Murder Unmentioned Barry Maitland, Crucifixion Creek Adrian McKinty, Gun Street Girl Malla Nunn, Present DarknessBest First Crime Novel Nigel Bartlett, King of the Road Anna George, What Came Before Nicholas J Johnson, Chasing the Ace Jock Serong, QuotaBest True Crime Amy Dale, The Fall Helen Garner, This House of Grief: The Story of a Murder Trial Debi Marshall, The Family Court Murders Kate McClymont and Linton Besser, He Who Must Be Obeid David Murray, The Murder of Allison Baden-Clay Liam Pieper, The Feel-Good Hit of the Year 2014Best Crime Novel Garry Disher, Bitter Wash Road Kathryn Fox, Fatal Impact Adrian McKinty, In The Morning I'll Be Gone PM Newton, Beams Falling Stephen Orr, One Boy Missing Angela Savage, The Dying BeachBest First Crime Novel Peter Cotton, Dead Cat Bounce Candice Fox, Hades Alex Hammond, Blood Witness Ellie Marney, Every BreathBest True Crime Paul Dale, Disgraced?

John Kidman & Denise Hofman, Forever Nine Eleanor Learmonth & Jenny Tabakoff, No Mercy Colin McLaren, JFK: The Smoking Gun Duncan McNab, Outlaw Bikers in Australia John Safran, Murder in Mississippi 2013Best Crime Novel Robert Gott, The Holiday Murders Katherine Howell, Web of Deceit Geoffrey McGeachin, Blackwattle Creek Adrian McKinty, I Hear The Sirens In The Street Malla Nunn, Silent ValleyBest First Crime Novel Paul Anderson, The Robbers Andrew Grimes, The Richmond Conspiracy Steve Lewis & Chris Uhlmann, The Marmalade Files Zane Lovitt, The Midnight Promise Sue Williams, Murder With The LotBest True Crime Robin de Crespigny, The People Smuggler Belinda Hawkins, Every Parent's Nightmare Steve Lillebuen, The Devil's Cinema Derek Pedley, Dead by Friday Mark Tedeschi QC, Eugenia 2012Best Crime Novel J. C. Burke, Pig Boy Malcolm Knox, The Life Barry Maitland, Chelsea MansionsBest First Crime Novel Claire Corbett, When We Have Wings Peter Twohig, The Cartographer Kim Westwood, The Courier's New BicycleBest True Crime Eamonn Duff, Sins of the Father Michael Duffy, Call Me Cruel Liz Porter, Cold Case File 2011Best Crime Novel Angela Savage, The Half-Child Geoffrey McGeachin, The Diggers Rest Hotel Chris Womersley, BereftBest First Crime Novel Alan Carter, Prime Cut David Whish-Wilson, Line of Sight P.

M. Newton, The Old SchoolBest True Crime Geesche Jacobson, Abandoned: The Sad Death of Dianne Brimble Ross Honeywill, Wasted Lindsay Simpson & Jennifer Cooke, Honeymoon Dive 2010Best Crime Novel Lenny Bartulin, The Black Russian Michael Robotham, Bleed For Me Garry Disher, WyattBest First Crime Novel Andrew Coome, Document Z Mark Dapin, King of the Cross Robin Adair and the Running PattererBest True Crime Peter Doyle, Crooks like Us Kathy Marks, Pitcairn: Paradise Lost Robert M. Kaplan, Medical Murder: Disturbing Cases of Doctors Who Kill List of Australian literary awards Holders of the

Luigi Facta

Luigi Facta was an Italian politician and the last Prime Minister of Italy before the leadership of Benito Mussolini. Facta was born in Pinerolo, Italy, he studied law and became a journalist. He entered politics in 1892 when he was elected to the chamber of deputies for Pinerolo, a seat which he held for 30 years. Facta, a member of the Liberal Party, served as undersecretary of the justice and interior departments in the coalition cabinet for much of his time in Parliament, he was the finance minister from 1910 until 1914 and 1920 until 1921. At the outbreak of World War I, Facta supported neutrality for Italy, but supported the war when Italy entered it, his son was killed in the war, he said that he was proud to give a son to his country. Facta was appointed Prime Minister in February 1922. At the time, Italy was in political turmoil, was dealing with Mussolini's fascist insurgency; when Mussolini decided to march on Rome, Facta reacted and wanted to declare the martial law and send the army to stop Mussolini.

Such a declaration needed to bear the monarch's signature. Facta always refused to explain the secret reasons that brought the King, Victor Emmanuel III, not to sign the declaration of emergency; the following day Facta and his government resigned to demonstrate they did not approve the King's decision. The King requested that Mussolini come to Rome to form a new government. In 1924, King Victor Emmanuel III named Facta senator. Facta died in Pinerolo, Italy, in 1930 with the general population believing him to have been too feeble and faithful to the King to take a more active role in stopping Mussolini and the rise of Fascism. Newspaper clippings about Luigi Facta in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW

Fireworks (punk band)

Fireworks is an American rock band from Metro Detroit, Michigan. They are signed to Triple Crown Records, their most recent album, Oh, Common Life, was released on March 25, 2014. Fireworks began in 2004 under the name Bears. A demo, Can't Hardly Wait, was released on September 15, 2005, they signed to the independent label, Run For Cover Records, who released their debut EP, We Are Everywhere, 7" Adventure and Robbery. From there on, the band toured extensively, until 2008, when they were signed by the well-known independent label, Triple Crown Records, home of other popular bands such as As Tall As Lions, Fight Fair, Hit the Lights, Honor Bright. There, Fireworks re-released. In December 2007, the band went on the All I Want For X-Mas Is Dudes Tour alongside 2*Sweet and the High Court. In June and July 2008, the band went on tour with This Time Next Year. After signing to independent label Triple Crown Records, We Are Everywhere was reissued on October 21. In March 2009, they released their debut full-length, All I Have to Offer Is My Own Confusion produced by Chad Gilbert of New Found Glory.

During the Summer season of 2009, Fireworks supported Four Year Strong and Set Your Goals through America on the Giglife tour. In December 2009 Fireworks set out on their first European tour. In January 2010 Fireworks supported New Found Glory and Saves the Day on a full U. S. tour. They toured Australia with New Found Glory in April as support alongside Hit The Lights before their own headlining tour of the country, they have released two music videos, one for "Detroit" and another for "Arrows". Their EP entitled "Bonfires" was released for digital download on December 7, 2010 and their sophomore full length, "Gospel" was released on May 24, 2011, they toured with Polar Bear Club in the fall of 2011, shot a video for the song "Arrows" directed by Thom Glunt. On December 18, 2011, Under the Gun Review voted "Arrows" by Fireworks as the best music video of the year The band toured for most of 2012, sharing the stage with acts such as Set Your Goals and Cartel, they played every date of Warped Tour 2012.

In spring 2013, Fireworks supported The Wonder Years on their tour, along with Hostage Calm and Misser. On January 29, 2014 Fireworks announced their third full-length, Oh, Common Life; the album was released on March 25, 2014. The band replaced Defeater on The Greatest Generation Tour in the Spring, they will join The Wonder Years, Real Friends and Modern Baseball. On May 14, 2015 the band announced on social media that they would be taking an indefinite hiatus following their North American tour. Before the band went on hiatus and MacKinder formed the band Empty Houses with vocalist Ali Shea, they have since signed to Sargent House with the album Daydream released June 2016. On November 8th 2019, Fireworks posted on twitter for the first time in over two years with a link to", which lead to a survey of philosophical questions and a new song titled "Demitasse". Tweets announced a new record "Higher Lonely Power" to be released in 2020. Studio albumsAll I Have to Offer Is My Own Confusion Gospel Oh, Common Life Higher Lonely Power Extended playsWe Are Everywhere We Walk the Streets at Night Adventure and Robbery Bonfires Split releasesSave Your Breath vs. Fireworks DemoCan't Hardly Wait Current membersBrett Jones - lead guitar David Mackinder - lead vocals Adam Mercer - keyboard Chris Mojan - rhythm guitar Kyle O'Neil - bass Ted Roberts - drums Past membersTymm Rengers – drums Official website