The Oakland Athletics referred to as the A's, are an American professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League West division; the team plays its home games at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum. They have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of all current MLB teams; the 2018 season was the club's 50th while based in Oakland. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the team was founded in Philadelphia in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics, they won three World Series championships from 1910 to 1913 and back-to-back titles in 1929 and 1930. The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was Connie Mack and Hall of Fame players included Chief Bender, Frank "Home Run" Baker, Jimmie Foxx, Lefty Grove; the team left Philadelphia for Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics before moving to Oakland in 1968. They won three consecutive World Championships between 1972 and 1974, led by players including Vida Blue, Catfish Hunter, Reggie Jackson, ace reliever Rollie Fingers, colorful owner Charlie O. Finley.
After being sold by Finley to Walter A. Haas Jr. the team won three consecutive pennants and the 1989 World Series behind the "Bash Brothers", Jose Canseco and Mark McGwire, as well as Hall of Famers Dennis Eckersley, Rickey Henderson and manager Tony La Russa. From 1901 to 2018, the Athletics' overall win–loss record is 8,931–9,387; the history of the Athletics Major League Baseball franchise spans the period from 1901 to the present day, having begun in Philadelphia before moving to Kansas City in 1955 and to its current home in Oakland, California, in 1968. The A's made their Bay Area debut on Wednesday, April 17, 1968, with a 4-1 loss to the Baltimore Orioles at the Coliseum, in front of an opening-night crowd of 50,164; the Athletics' name originated in the term "Athletic Club" for local gentlemen's clubs—dates to 1860 when an amateur team, the Athletic of Philadelphia, was formed. The team turned professional through 1875, becoming a charter member of the National League in 1876, but were expelled from the N.
L. after one season. A version of the Athletics played in the American Association from 1882 to 1891. After New York Giants manager John McGraw told reporters that Philadelphia manufacturer Benjamin Shibe, who owned the controlling interest in the new team, had a "white elephant on his hands", team manager Connie Mack defiantly adopted the white elephant as the team mascot, presented McGraw with a stuffed toy elephant at the start of the 1905 World Series. McGraw and Mack had known each other for years, McGraw accepted it graciously. By 1909, the A's were wearing an elephant logo on their sweaters, in 1918 it turned up on the regular uniform jersey for the first time. In 1963, when the A's were located in Kansas City, then-owner Charlie Finley changed the team mascot from an elephant to a mule, the state animal of Missouri; this is rumored to have been done by Finley in order to appeal to fans from the region who were predominantly Democrats at the time. Since 1988, the Athletics' 21st season in Oakland, an illustration of an elephant has adorned the left sleeve of the A's home and road uniforms.
Beginning in the mid 1980s, the on-field costumed incarnation of the A's elephant mascot went by the name Harry Elephante. In 1997, he took Stomper. Through the seasons, the Athletics' uniforms have paid homage to their amateur forebears to some extent; until 1954, when the uniforms had "Athletics" spelled out in script across the front, the team's name never appeared on either home or road uniforms. Furthermore, neither "Philadelphia" nor the letter "P" appeared on the uniform or cap; the typical Philadelphia uniform had only a script "A" on the left front, the cap had the same "A" on it. In the early days of the American League, the standings listed the club as "Athletic" rather than "Philadelphia", in keeping with the old tradition; the city name came to be used for the team, as with the other major league clubs. After buying the team in 1960, owner Charles O. Finley introduced new road uniforms with "Kansas City" printed on them, as well as an interlocking "KC" on the cap. Upon moving to Oakland, the "A" cap emblem was restored, although in 1970 an "apostrophe-s" was added to the cap and uniform emblem to reflect the fact that Finley was in the process of changing the team's name to the "A's".
While in Kansas City, Finley changed the team's colors from their traditional red and blue to what he termed "Kelly Green, Wedding Gown White and Fort Knox Gold". It was here that he began experimenting with dramatic uniforms to match these bright colors, such as gold sleeveless tops with green undershirts and gold pants; the innovative uniforms only increased after the team's move to Oakland, which came at the time of the introduction of polyester pullover uniforms. During their dynasty years in the 1970s, the A's had dozens of uniform combinations with jerseys and pants in all three team colors, in fact did not wear the traditional gray on the road, instead wearing green or gold, which helped to contribute to their nickname of "The Swingin' A's". After the team's sale to the Haas family, the team changed its primary color to a more subdued forest green and began a move back to more traditional uniforms; the team wears home uniforms with "Athletics" spelled out in script writing and road uniforms wit
San Diego Padres
The San Diego Padres are an American professional baseball team based in San Diego, California. The Padres compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. Founded in 1969, the Padres have won two NL pennants — in 1984 and 1998, losing in the World Series both years; as of 2018, they have had 14 winning seasons in franchise history. The Padres are one of two Major League Baseball teams in California to originate from that state; the Padres are the only major professional sports franchise to be located in San Diego, following the relocation of the Chargers to Los Angeles in 2017. The Padres are the only MLB team that does not share its city with another major league professional sports franchise; the Padres adopted their name from the Pacific Coast League team that arrived in San Diego in 1936. That minor league franchise won the PCL title in 1937, led by 18-year-old Ted Williams, the future Hall-of-Famer, a native of San Diego; the team's name, Spanish for "fathers", refers to the Spanish Franciscan friars who founded San Diego in 1769.
In 1969, the Padres joined the ranks of Major League Baseball as one of four new expansion teams, along with the Montreal Expos, the Kansas City Royals, the Seattle Pilots. Their original owner was C. Arnholt Smith, a prominent San Diego businessman and former owner of the PCL Padres whose interests included banking, tuna fishing, real estate and an airline. Despite initial excitement, the guidance of longtime baseball executives, Eddie Leishman and Buzzie Bavasi as well as a new playing field, the team struggled. One of the few bright spots on the team during the early years was first baseman and slugger Nate Colbert, an expansion draftee from the Houston Astros and still the Padres' career leader in home runs; the team's fortunes improved as they won five National League West titles and reached the World Series twice, in 1984 and in 1998, but lost both times. The Padres' main draw during the 1980s and 1990s was Tony Gwynn, who won eight league batting titles, they moved into their current stadium, Petco Park, in 2004.
As of 2019, the Padres are the only team in MLB yet to throw a no-hitter. The team has played its spring training games at the Peoria Sports Complex in Peoria, Arizona since 1994, they share the stadium with the Seattle Mariners. From 1969 to 1993, the Padres held spring training in Arizona at Desert Sun Stadium. Due to the short driving distance and direct highway route, Yuma was popular with Padres fans, many fans would travel by car from San Diego for spring training games; the move from Yuma to Peoria was controversial, but was defended by the team as a reflection on the low quality of facilities in Yuma and the long travel necessary to play against other Arizona-based spring training teams. Throughout the team's history, the San Diego Padres have used multiple logos and color combinations. One of their first patches depicts a friar swinging a bat with Padres written at the top while standing in a sun-like figure with San Diego Padres on the exterior of it; the "Swinging Friar" has popped up on the uniform on and off since although the head of the friar has been tweaked from the original in recent years, it is the mascot of the team.
In 1985, the Padres switched to using a script-like logo. That would become a script logo for the Padres; the team's colors remained this way through the 1990 season. In 1989, the Padres took the scripted Padres logo, used from 1985 to 1988 and put it in a tan ring that read "San Diego Baseball Club" with a striped center. In 1991, the logo was changed to a silver ring with the Padres script changed from brown to blue; the logo only lasted one year, as the Padres changed their logo for the third time in three years, again by switching colors of the ring. The logo became a white ring with fewer stripes in the center and a darker blue Padres script with orange shadows. In 1991, the team's colors were changed, to a combination of orange and navy blue. For the 2001 season, the Padres removed the stripes off their jerseys and went with a white home jersey with the Padres name on the front in navy blue; the pinstripe jerseys were worn as alternate jerseys on certain occasions throughout the 2001 season.
The Padres kept this color scheme and design for three seasons until their 2004 season, in which they moved into their new ballpark. The logo was changed when the team changed stadiums between the 2003 and 2004 seasons, with the new logo looking similar to home plate with San Diego written in sand font at the top right corner and the Padres new script written across the center. Waves finished the bottom of the plate. Navy remained; the team's colors were changed, to navy blue and sand brown. For the next seven seasons the Padres were the only team in Major League Baseball that did not have a gray jersey, with the team playing in either blue or sand jerseys on the road and white or blue jerseys at home. In 2011, the San Diego was removed from the top right corner of the logo and the away uniform changed from
David Mark Eckstein is a retired American professional baseball player, an infielder in Major League Baseball for ten seasons. He played college baseball for the University of Florida, has played professionally for the Anaheim Angels, St. Louis Cardinals, Toronto Blue Jays, Arizona Diamondbacks and San Diego Padres. Eckstein won the 2006 World Series Most Valuable Player Award. Eckstein played baseball all four years at Seminole High School in Florida, he was a two-time all-state selection, a prominent member of a state championship team. He was a member of the National Honor Society and the Fellowship of Christian Athletes. Eckstein was voted "Most Helpful" in the Class of 1993. In addition, Eckstein played American Legion Baseball for Post 53. At the University of Florida in Gainesville, Eckstein was a walk-on player for coach Joe Arnold's Florida Gators baseball team in the fall of 1994. A standout in the Southeastern Conference, he was a first-team All-SEC selection in 1995 and 1996, a first-team All-American in 1996, a three-time SEC Academic Honor Roll selection, the first two-time Academic All-American in Gators baseball history.
Eckstein was a member of the 1996 Gators squad. He was inducted into the University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame as a "Gator Great" in 2007. Eckstein played for the Harrisonburg Turks of the Valley Baseball League in Harrisonburg, Virginia. Eckstein was drafted by the Boston Red Sox in the 19th round of the 1997 amateur draft, selected off waivers by the Anaheim Angels on August 16, 2000. During the 2002 championship year, he led the major leagues with three grand slams, including grand slams in back-to-back games against the Toronto Blue Jays, one of, a walk-off grand slam leading the Angels to complete the sweep over Toronto, at a time when the Angels were 7–14. After the sweep of the Jays, the Angels went on to win 20 of their next 23 games. At the end of the 2004 season, Eckstein was part of a "shortstop merry-go-round," in which three free agent shortstops swapped teams: Édgar Rentería went from the Cardinals to the Boston Red Sox, Orlando Cabrera went from the Red Sox to the Angels, Eckstein went from the Angels to the Cardinals.
In his first seven seasons, he amassed 1,079 hits while batting.286. He was voted to the National League All-Star team in 2005, along with teammates Chris Carpenter, Albert Pujols, Jason Isringhausen and Jim Edmonds, he was a late addition to the 2006 All-Star team. In 3,772 regular season at-bats, Eckstein struck out only 305 times, with a total of 22 in 2007. Eckstein was a fan favorite in St. Louis. On Mother's Day, May 14, 2006, Eckstein was one of more than 50 hitters who brandished a pink bat to benefit the Breast Cancer Foundation; as a member of the 2006 World Series Champion St. Louis Cardinals, Eckstein was named the World Series MVP. Following a 1–11 start in the first 2 games of the World Series, Eckstein went 8 for 22 with 4 RBI and scored 3 runs in the series, including going 4-for-5 with three doubles in game 4; the World Series victory with the Cardinals made Eckstein one of few starting shortstops who have won a World Series in both the American and National Leagues. Eckstein was brought back in front of over 47,000 fans to throw out the first pitch of Game 6 of the World Series in St. Louis on October 27, 2011.
On November 5, 2007, Eckstein became a free agent along with Kip Wells, Troy Percival, Miguel Cairo. On December 13, 2007, he signed a one-year, $4.5 million contract with the Toronto Blue Jays. On August 31, 2008, Eckstein was traded to the Arizona Diamondbacks for minor league pitcher Chad Beck. On January 15, 2009, he signed a discounted one-year contract with the San Diego Padres on the condition that he would play second base. On August 22, 2009, the San Diego Padres extended Eckstein's contract through 2010. Eckstein did not join a team for the 2011 season. In June, it was reported that he received offers from the Padres and other teams, but opted to not play baseball, he is working for actress Ashley Eckstein. He retired on January 22, 2012. Eckstein became a candidate for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum for the first time on November 9, 2015, he earned two votes. Eckstein was born in Florida, he married actress Ashley Drane on November 26, 2005, at his family church in Sanford, followed by a reception at Walt Disney World.
He is a fan of professional wrestling, having made public appearances with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling during the 2006 World Series and on February 11, 2007, he co-managed TNA wrestler Lance Hoyt for his match with current White Sox conditioning coach Dale Torborg, managed by Sox catcher A. J. Pierzynski at TNA's Against All Odds pay-per-view, his older brother, Rick, is the hitting coach for the Pittsburgh Pirates. Holiday Inn Look Again Player of the Year 2-time World Series Champion World Series MVP 2-time All-Star Babe Ruth Award winner Inaugural winner of the Major League Baseball Players Alumni Association's Heart & Hustle Award Number retired by the Trenton Thunder Florida Gators List of Florida Gators baseball players List of University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame members Eckstein, with Greg Brown, Have Heart, Builder's Stone Publishing, Lake Mary, Florida. ISBN 0-9791504-0-X. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference =
2006 in science
The year 2006 in science and technology involved some significant events. January 15 – NASA's Stardust mission ends, the first to return dust from a comet. January 25 – The discovery of the planet OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing is announced by PLANET/RoboNet, OGLE and MOA February 1 – 2003 UB313 is found to be larger than Pluto. February 13 – The recurrent nova RS Ophiuchi erupts; the last outburst occurred in 1985. March 9 – NASA's Cassini-Huygens spacecraft discovers geysers of a liquid substance shooting from Saturn's moon Enceladus, signaling a possible presence of water. March 29 – Total solar eclipse. June 30 – The discovery of nine additional natural satellites of Saturn published. August 24 – Pluto is redesignated as a dwarf planet by the International Astronomical Union, joining 2003 UB313 and 1 Ceres. September 13 – 2003 UB313 is assigned the name Eris. September 22 – Annular solar eclipse in South America, West Africa, Antarctica. April 15 – Anthony Atala and team at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in the United States publish their success in transplanting the first laboratory-grown organs, into human patients.
May 15 – The sequence of the last chromosome in the Human Genome Project is published in the journal Nature. September – The Western Balsam Poplar is the first tree whose full DNA code has been determined by DNA sequencing. December 13 – Baiji declared "functionally extinct". Haifan Lin discovers Piwi-interacting RNA. Last sightings of the Western black rhinoceros and of the natural-born Northern white rhinoceros. July 15 – Social networking service Twitter launched publicly. November 1 – Sony PRS500 e-book reader launched in the United States. January 19 – Australian researchers at the CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research centre in Hobart, publish experimental data that matches models of increasing sea level rising; the great prime search project finds the 44th Mersenne prime. January 15 – The Stardust spacecraft completes its primary mission of returning samples of cometary and interstellar dust to Earth, its sample return capsule touches down safely inside its intended landing area in Utah, close to the Army Dugway Proving Ground.
January 19 – The NASA spacecraft New Horizons launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and leaves Earth's orbit shortly afterwards on its journey to Pluto February 2 – NASA's public affairs office is accused of censoring the comments by James Hansen of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York. March 24 – The maiden flight of the SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket ends in failure. July 12 – The launch of the first private experimental space habitat, Genesis I. September 12 – The construction of the International Space Station is continued for the first time after a hiatus of four years. January 27 – Scientific misconduct: The University of Tokyo announces that Kazunari Taira's experimental results in RNA research are irreproducible. March 13 – Six healthy young men taking part in the first-in-man study for an anti-inflammatory drug TGN1412 in London are placed in intensive care with adverse side-effects, some suffering a life-threatening cytokine storm. Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Andrew Fire and Craig Mello Nobel Prize in Physics: John C.
Mather and George Smoot Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Roger Kornberg Abel Prize in Mathematics: Lennart Carleson Fields Prize in Mathematics: Andrei Okounkov, Grigori Perelman, Terence Tao, Wendelin Werner January 24 – Sir Nicholas Shackleton, English Quaternary geologist and paleoclimatologist, recipient of the Vetlesen Prize. February 28 – Owen Chamberlain, American Nobel laureate in physics. May 1 – Kikuo Takano, Japanese poet and mathematician. May 14 – Bruce Merrifield, American Nobel laureate in chemistry for developing a rapid, automated system for making peptides. May 31 – Raymond Davis, Jr. American Nobel laureate in physics for pioneering the detection of cosmic neutrinos. August 9 – James Van Allen, American space scientist. August 10 – Genevieve Grotjan Feinstein, American mathematician and cryptanalyst. November 22 – Asima Chatterjee, Indian organic chemist
2010 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2010 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champions – San Francisco Giants American League Champions – Texas Rangers National League Champions – San Francisco Giants Postseason – October 7 to November 4 Minor League Baseball AAA Championship: Columbus Clippers International League: Columbus Clippers Pacific Coast League: Tacoma Rainers Mexican League: Saraperos de Saltillo AA Eastern League: Altoona Curve Southern League: Jacksonville Suns Texas League: Northwest Arkansas Naturals A California League: San Jose Giants Carolina League: Potomac Nationals Florida State League: Tampa Yankees Midwest League: Lake County Captains South Atlantic League: Lakewood BlueClaws New York–Penn League: Tri-City ValleyCats Northwest League: Everett AquaSox Rookie Appalachian League: Johnson City Cardinals Gulf Coast League: GF Phillies Pioneer League: Helena Brewers Arizona League: AZL Brewers Dominican Summer League: DSL Giants Venezuelan Summer League: VSL Pirates Arizona Fall League: Scottsdale Scorpions Independent baseball leagues American Association: Shreveport-Bossier Captains Atlantic League: York Revolution Canadian American Association: Québec Capitales Frontier League: River City Rascals Golden Baseball League: Chico Outlaws Northern League: Fargo-Moorhead RedHawks United League Baseball: Edinburg Roadrunners Amateur College College World Series: South Carolina NCAA Division II: Southern Indiana NCAA Division III: Illinois Wesleyan NAIA: Cumberland Japan high school Spring Kōshien: Kōnan, Okinawa Summer Kōshien: Kōnan, Okinawa Kōnan becomes only the fifth school to sweep the country's two major high school tournaments in the same calendar year.
Youth Big League World Series: San Juan, Puerto Rico Junior League World Series: Taipei, Taiwan Little League World Series: Tokyo, Japan Senior League World Series: San Nicolaas, Aruba International National teams Intercontinental Cup: Cuba European Baseball Championship: Italy Central American and Caribbean Games: Dominican Republic Asian Games: South Korea South American Games: Venezuela World Junior Baseball Championship: Chinese Taipei Women's World Cup: Japan International Club team competitions Caribbean Series: Leones del Escogido European Champion Cup Final Four: Fortitudo Bologna KBO–NPB Championship: Chiba Lotte Marines Domestic leagues Australia – Claxton Shield: Victoria Aces China Baseball League: Guangdong Leopards Cuban National Series: Industriales Dominican League: Leones del Escogido France – Division Elite: Rouen Baseball 76 Holland Series: Neptunus Italian Cup: Fortitudo Bologna Japan Series: Chiba Lotte Marines Central League: Chunichi Dragons Pacific League: Chiba Lotte Marines Korea Baseball Organization: SK Wyverns Mexican League: Naranjeros de Hermosillo Puerto Rican League: Indios de Mayagüez Taiwan Series: Brother Elephants Venezuelan League: Leones del Caracas December December 4–7: Baseball winter meetings, Lake Buena Vista, Florida.
December 12: Last day for teams to offer 2011 contracts to unsigned players. Sources: Associated Press Baseball Hall of Fame honors Three individuals were elected and subsequently inducted—Andre Dawson in voting by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, umpire Doug Harvey and manager Whitey Herzog in voting by separate panels of the Veterans Committee. Bill Madden received the J. G. Taylor Spink Award for excellence in writing. Jon Miller received the Ford C. Frick Award for excellence in broadcasting. MVP Awards American League – Josh Hamilton National League – Joey Votto Cy Young Awards American League – Félix Hernández National League – Roy Halladay Rookie of the Year Awards American League – Neftalí Feliz National League – Buster Posey Manager of the Year Awards American League – Ron Gardenhire National League – Bud Black Silver Slugger AwardsGold Glove Awards Woman Executive of the Year: Sharon Ridley, Nashville Sounds, Pacific Coast LeagueMajor Leagues Babe Ruth Award – Tim Lincecum Branch Rickey Award – Vernon Wells DHL Delivery Man of the Year Award – Heath Bell Edgar Martínez Award – Vladimir Guerrero Hutch Award – Tim Hudson Luis Aparicio Award – Carlos González Roberto Clemente Award – Tim Wakefield Tony Conigliaro Award – Joaquín Benoit Players Choice Awards Player of the Year – Carlos González Marvin Miller Man of the Year – Brandon Inge Outstanding Players – Josh Hamilton / Carlos González Outstanding Pitchers – David Price / Roy Halladay Outstanding Rookies – Austin Jackson / Buster Posey Comeback players of the year – Vladimir Guerrero / Tim Hudson Sporting News Awards Player of the Year – Josh Hamilton Managers of the Year – Ron Gardenhire / Bud Black Pitchers of the Year – Félix Hernández / Roy Halladay Rookies of the Year – Austin Jackson / Jason Heyward Comeback players of the year – Vladimir Guerrero / Tim Hudson Relievers of the year – Rafael Soriano / Heath Bell Fielding Bible AwardsMinor Leagues Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award – Jeremy Hellickson USA Today Minor League Player of the Year Award – Jeremy Hellickson January 2 – Toronto Blue Jays third baseman Edwin Encarnación is discharged from a Miami, hospital after suffering first- and second-degree burns to his face when he gets hit by fireworks during a New Year's celebration in his native La Romana, Dom
Ichiro Suzuki referred to mononymously as Ichiro, is a Japanese former professional baseball outfielder who played 28 seasons combined in top-level professional leagues. He spent the bulk of his career with two teams: nine seasons with the Orix Blue Wave of Nippon Professional Baseball in Japan, where he began his career, 14 with the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball in the United States. After playing the first 12 years of his MLB career for the Mariners, Ichiro played two and a half seasons with the New York Yankees before signing with the Miami Marlins. Ichiro played three seasons with the Marlins before returning to the Mariners in 2018. Ichiro established a number of batting records, including MLB's single-season record for hits with 262, he achieved the longest streak by any player in history. Between his major league career in both Japan and the United States, Ichiro has the most hits by any player in top-tier professional leagues, he has recorded the most hits of all Japanese-born players in MLB history.
In his combined playing time in the NPB and MLB, Ichiro received 17 consecutive selections both as an All-Star and Gold Glove winner, won nine league batting titles and was named Most Valuable Player four times. While playing in the NPB, he won seven consecutive batting titles and three consecutive Pacific League MVP Awards. In 2001, Ichiro became the first Japanese-born position player to be posted and signed to an MLB club, he led the American League in batting average and stolen bases en route to being named AL Rookie of the Year and AL MVP. Ichiro was the first MLB player to enter the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame, he was a ten-time MLB All-Star and won the 2007 All-Star Game MVP Award for a three-hit performance that included the event's first-ever inside-the-park home run. Ichiro won a Rawlings Gold Glove Award in each of his first 10 years in the majors, had an American League–record seven hitting streaks of 20 or more games, with a high of 27, he is noted for his longevity, continuing to produce at a high level with batting, on-base percentages above.300 in 2016, while approaching 43 years of age.
In 2016, Ichiro notched the 3,000th hit of his MLB career, against Chris Rusin of the Colorado Rockies at Coors Field, becoming only the 30th player to do so. In total, he finished with 4,367 hits in his professional career across the United States. Ichiro grew up in the town of Toyoyama, a small town just outside Nagoya. At the age of seven, Ichiro joined his first baseball team and asked his father, Nobuyuki Suzuki, to teach him to be a better player; the two began a daily routine, which included throwing 50 pitches, fielding 50 infield balls and 50 outfield balls, hitting 500 pitches, 250 from a pitching machine and 250 from his father. As a little leaguer in Toyoyama, Ichiro had the word "concentration" written on his glove. By age 12, he had dedicated himself to pursuing a career in professional baseball, their training sessions were no longer for leisure, less enjoyable; the elder Suzuki claimed, "Baseball was fun for both of us," but Ichiro said, "It might have been fun for him, but for me it was a lot like Star of the Giants," a popular Japanese manga and anime series about a young baseball prospect's difficult road to success, with rigorous training demanded by the father.
According to Ichiro, "It bordered on hazing and I suffered a lot."When Ichiro joined his high-school baseball team, his father told the coach, "No matter how good Ichiro is, don't praise him. We have to make him spiritually strong." When he was ready to enter high school, Ichiro was selected by a school with a prestigious baseball program, Nagoya's Aikodai Meiden High School. Ichiro was used as a pitcher instead of as an outfielder, owing to his exceptionally strong arm, his cumulative high-school batting average was.505, with 19 home runs. He built strength and stamina by hurling car tires and hitting Wiffle balls with a heavy shovel, among other regimens; these exercises helped adding power and endurance to his thin frame. Despite his outstanding numbers in high school, Ichiro was not drafted until the fourth and final round of the professional draft in November 1991, because many teams were discouraged by his small size of 5 ft 9 1⁄2 in and 124 pounds. Years Ichiro told an interviewer, "I'm not a big guy, kids could look at me and see that I'm not muscular and not physically imposing, that I'm just a regular guy.
So if somebody with a regular body can get into the record books, kids can look at that. That would make me happy." Ichiro made his Pacific League debut in 1992 at the age of 18, but he spent most of his first two seasons in the farm system because his then-manager, Shōzō Doi, refused to accept Ichiro's unorthodox swing. The swing was nicknamed'pendulum' because of the pendulum-like motion of his leg, which shifts his weight forward as he swings the bat, goes against conventional hitting theory. Though he hit a home run against Hideo Nomo, who won an MLB National League Rookie of the Year Award while a Los Angeles Dodger, Ichiro was sent back to the farm system on that day. In his second career game, he recorded his first ichi-gun hit in the Pacific League against Hawks pitcher Keiji Kimura. In 1994 he benefited from the arrival of a new manager, Akira Ōgi, who played him every day in the second spot of the lineup, he was moved to the leadoff spot for the Orix BlueWave, where his immediate productivity dissolved any misgivings about his unconventional swing
St. Louis Cardinals
The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri; the Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League Central division. Busch Stadium has been their home ballpark since 2006. One of the most successful franchises in baseball history, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, the second-most in Major League Baseball and the most in the National League, their 19 National League pennants rank third in NL history. In addition, St. Louis has won 13 division titles in the Central divisions. While still in the old American Association, named as the St. Louis Browns, the team won four AA league championships, qualifying them to play in the professional baseball championship tournament of that era, they tied in 1885 and won outright in 1886 and lost in 1888 for the early trophy Hall Cup versus the New York Giants. The others both times against the Chicago Cubs, in the first meetings of the Cardinals–Cubs rivalry between nearby cities of St. Louis and Chicago that continues to this day.
With origins as one of the early professional baseball clubs in St. Louis and the nation, entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased a barnstorming club in 1881 known as the Brown Stockings, established them as charter members of the old American Association base ball league which played 1882 to 1891, the following season. Upon the discontinuation of the AA, St. Louis joined the continuing National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs known as the National League, in 1892. Cardinals achievements that have impacted MLB and sports events in general include manager/owner Branch Rickey's pioneering of the farm system, Rogers Hornsby's two batting Triple Crowns, Dizzy Dean's 30-win season in 1934, Stan Musial's 17 MLB and 29 NL records, Bob Gibson's 1.12 earned run average in 1968, Whitey Herzog's Whiteyball, Mark McGwire breaking the single-season home run record in 1998, the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks. The Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four different seasons and won 100 or more a total of nine times.
Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, Bruce Sutter. In 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, making them the 7th-most valuable franchise in MLB. Since their purchase in 1995, owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group has seen enormous growth from the $147 million purchase price. John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the general manager and Mike Shildt is the manager; the Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they see attendances among the league's highest, are among the Top 3 in MLB in local television ratings. Professional baseball began in St. Louis with the inception of the Brown Stockings in the National Association in 1875; the NA folded following that season, the next season, St. Louis joined the National League as a charter member, finishing in third place at 45-19.
George Bradley hurled the first no-hitter in Major League history. The NL expelled St. Louis from the league after 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal and the team went bankrupt. Without a league, they continued play as a semi-professional barnstorming team through 1881; the magnitudes of the reorganizations following the 1877 and 1881 seasons are such that the 1875–1877 and 1878–1881 Brown Stockings teams are not considered to share continuity as a franchise with the current St. Louis Cardinals. For the 1882 season, Chris von der Ahe purchased the team, reorganized it, made it a founding member of the American Association, a league to rival the NL. 1882 is considered to be the first year existence of the St. Louis Cardinals; the next season, St. Louis shortened their name to the Browns. Soon thereafter they became the dominant team in the AA, as manager Charlie Comiskey guided St. Louis to four pennants in a row from 1885 to 1888. Pitcher and outfielder Bob Caruthers led the league in ERA and wins in 1885 and finished in the top six in both in each of the following two seasons.
He led the AA in OBP and OPS in 1886 and finished fourth in batting average in 1886 and fifth in 1887. Outfielder Tip O'Neill won the first batting triple crown in franchise history in 1887 and the only one in AA history. By winning the pennant, the Browns played the NL pennant winner in a predecessor of the World Series; the Browns twice met the Chicago White Stockings – the Chicago Cubs prototype – tying one in a heated dispute and winning the other, thus spurring the vigorous St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that ensues to this day. During the franchise's ten seasons in the AA, they compiled an all-time league-high of 780 wins and.639 winning percentage. They lost just 432 contests while tying 21 others; the AA went bankrupt after the 1891 season and the Browns transferred to the National League. This time, the club entered an era of stark futility. Between 1892 and 1919, St. Louis managed just five winning seasons, finis