England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the name England is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means land of the Angles. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages, the Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape. An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins. Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6,000 years
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon. The country lies within the temperate zone and has a changeable. Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Llywelyn ap Gruffudds death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of Englands conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism, Welsh national feeling grew over the century, Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff, Swansea and Newport, and in the nearby valleys. Now that the countrys traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales economy depends on the sector, light and service industries. Wales 2010 gross value added was £45.5 billion, over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the land of song, Rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Celtic Britons in particular, the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, and Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales and these words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning fellow-countrymen. The use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, in particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage, culture, and language to the Welsh. The word came into use as a self-description probably before the 7th century and it is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh, until c.1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of names, Cambrian, Cambric and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales, Welsh
The FA Cup, known officially as The Football Association Challenge Cup, is an annual knockout association football competition in mens domestic English football. First played during the 1871–72 season, it is the oldest association football competition in the world and it is organised by and named after The Football Association. For sponsorship reasons, from 2015 through to 2018 it is known as The Emirates FA Cup. A concurrent womens tournament is held, the FA Womens Cup. A record 763 clubs competed in 2011–12, the tournament consists of 12 randomly drawn rounds followed by the semi-finals and the final. The last entrants are the Premier League and Championship clubs, into the draw for the Third Round Proper, in the modern era, only one non-league team has ever reached the quarter finals, and teams below Level 2 have never reached the final. As a result, as well as who wins, significant focus is given to those minnows who progress furthest, especially if they achieve an unlikely giant-killing victory. Winners receive the FA Cup trophy, of which there have two designs and five actual cups, the latest is a 2014 replica of the second design. Winners also qualify for European football and a place in the FA Community Shield match, in 1863, the newly founded Football Association published the Laws of the Game of Association Football, unifying the various different rules in use before then. On 20 July 1871, in the offices of The Sportsman newspaper, the inaugural FA Cup tournament kicked off in November 1871. After thirteen games in all, Wanderers were crowned the winners in the final, Wanderers retained the trophy the following year. The modern cup was beginning to be established by the 1888–89 season, following the 1914–15 edition, the competition was suspended due to the First World War, and did not resume until 1919–20. The 1922–23 competition saw the first final to be played in the newly opened Wembley Stadium, due to the outbreak of World War II, the competition was not played between the 1938–39 and 1945–46 editions. Having previously featured replays, the modern day practice of ensuring the semi-final and final matches finish on the day, was introduced from 2000 onwards. Redevelopment of Wembley saw the final played outside of England for the first time, the final returned to Wembley in 2007, followed by the semi-finals from 2008. The competition is open to any club down to Level 10 of the English football league system which meets the eligibility criteria, all clubs in the top four levels are automatically eligible. Clubs in the six levels are also eligible provided they have played in either the FA Cup. Newly formed clubs, such as F. C. United of Manchester in 2005–06 and also 2006–07, all clubs entering the competition must also have a suitable stadium
English Football League
The English Football League is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales. Founded in 1888 as the Football League, the league is the oldest such competition in world football and it was the top-level football league in England from its foundation in the 19th century until 1992, when the top 22 clubs split away to form the Premier League. The league has 72 clubs evenly divided into three divisions, which are known as the Championship, League One and League Two, with 24 clubs in each division, the Football League has been associated with a title sponsor between 1983 and 2016. As this sponsor changed over the years the league too has been known by various names, the English Football League is also the name of the governing body of the league competition, and this body also organises two knock-out cup competitions, the EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy. The operations centre of the Football League is in Preston, while its commercial office is in London, the commercial office was formerly based in Lytham St Annes, after its original spell in Preston. The Football League consists of 70 professional association football clubs in England and 2 in Wales and it runs the oldest professional football league competition in the world. It also organises two knockout cup competitions, the Football League Cup and Football League Trophy, the Football League was founded in 1888 by then Aston Villa director William McGregor, originally with 12 member clubs. Steady growth and the addition of more divisions meant that by 1950 the League had 92 clubs, the Football League therefore no longer includes the top 20 clubs who belong to this group, although promotion and relegation between the Football League and the Premier League continues. In total,136 teams have played in the Football League up to 2013, the Football Leagues 72 member clubs are grouped into three divisions, the Football League Championship, Football League One, and Football League Two. Each division has 24 clubs, and in any season a club plays each of the others in the same division twice, once at their home stadium. This makes for a total of 46 games played each season, clubs gain three points for a win, one for a draw, and none for a defeat. At the end of the season, clubs at the top of their division may win promotion to the higher division. At the top end of the competition, three Championship clubs win promotion from the Football League to the Premier League, with the bottom three Premier League clubs taking their places, reserve teams of Football League clubs usually play in the Central League or the Football Combination. Since the 2004–05 season, penalties have existed for clubs entering financial administration during the season and it is also required that a club exiting administration agree a Creditors Voluntary Agreement, and pay in full any other footballing creditors. Failure to do either of these result in a second. The other main situation in which is a club may lose points is by fielding an improperly registered or otherwise ineligible player. If a club is found to have done this, then any points earned from any match that player participated in will be deducted, the EFL organises two knock-out cup competitions, the EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy. The EFL Cup was established in 1960 and is open to all EFL and Premier League clubs, the EFL Trophy is for clubs belonging to EFL League One and EFL League Two
Armthorpe Welfare F.C.
Armthorpe Welfare Football Club is a semi-professional football club based in Armthorpe, South Yorkshire, England. They are currently members of the Northern Counties East League Premier Division, the club was established in 1926, and initially competed only in local leagues, including the Doncaster Red Triangle League. In 1935 they turned semi-professional and joined the Sheffield Association League and they first entered the FA Cup in the following season, and competed in the FA Amateur Cup for a few years after World War II. They left the Sheffield League in 1950 to join Division Two of the Doncaster & District Senior League and their first season in the new league saw them promoted to Division One. Although they were relegated two seasons later, Armthorpe won Division Two at the first attempt to earn promotion back to Division One. In just their second season in Division One they won the league title and they added further title wins in 1960–61, 1961–62 and 1964–65. However the club was relegated from the renamed Premier Division at the end of the 1966–67 season and they were relegated again in 1969–70, and sunk into Division Three after another relegation in 1972–73. Two years later the reformed and rejoined the Doncaster & District Senior League. They began in Division Three, which won in 1978–79. The following season they won Division Two and the League Cup in 1979–80, following their Premier Division title, the club moved up Division Two North of the Northern Counties East League. They finished as runners-up in their first season, earning promotion to Division One Central and they went on to win the division at the first attempt and were promoted to the Premier Division, where they have remained since, becoming the divisions longest serving club. In 1987–88 the club finished as runners-up, losing the title to Emley on goal difference, in 2000–01 they finished in the relegation zone, but were reprieved from relegation after Ossett Albion were promoted to the Northern Premier League and no club was relegated in their place. The club plays at the Welfare Ground on Church Street and it has a capacity of 2,500, of which 250 is seated and 400 covered. C. Players Armthorpe Welfare F. C. managers Official website
Liversedge F. C. is a football club based in Cleckheaton, England, on the border with Hightown in Liversedge. For the 2013–14 season, they play in the Northern Counties East Football League Premier Division, prior to the 2004–05 season the ground had a large slope from the north to the south. The pitch was dug up in closed season of 2005, Liversedge had to play their first few games away for the 2005–06 season while the turf bedded in. Liversedge have been close to promotion into a league, including the 2005–06 season. However, there were not sufficient facilities for promotion to the Northern Premier League, Sedge have an under-19s team who play in the Northern U19 Alliance League West Division. The draw saw them in the draw for the first round proper of the Cup. Coalville won the replay 2–0 to face Wycombe Wanderers and that season saw Sedge finish the highest they have ever finished in the NCEL, finishing second behind high paying Buxton. Promotion wasnt to be as the ground was not up to the standard at that time. Several teams tried to sign him and he left for Garforth Town in early December. Despite leaving for a Northern Premier League team so early in the season Walker still finished top scorer in the Northern Counties East League Premier Division at the end of the season. On Sunday 25 July 2010 Sedge played a match to mark the clubs centenary against a Legends XI including Peter Beagrie. The Legends won 2–1 with both their goals being scored by Chris Freestone and it was Sean Regan and his assistant Billy Millers last game in charge before Regan left to join Scunthorpe United to work with their junior sides. His replacement as manager, Stuart Waddington, left after a start to the season and was replaced by the returning Billy Miller together with Player/Assistant Manager Cory Larkin. As of 20 July 2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Thackley F. C. are a football club based in Thackley, north Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. The club plays in the Northern Counties East Football League Premier Division, Thackley FC was formed in 1930, spending much of their early years in local football before joining the West Riding County Amateur League in 1939. The club then moved into county-wide leagues, spending 25 years in the West Riding County Amateur League, the club has never been relegated from that division throughout the Leagues 30-year history. Thackleys best efforts in national cup competitions have been in the FA Vase, the club has never progressed beyond the second qualifying round of either the FA Cup or the FA Trophy
Selby Town F.C.
Selby Town Football Club is an English football club based in Selby, North Yorkshire, founded in 1919. They play in the Northern Counties East League Division One, the clubs traditional rivals are Goole and Tadcaster Albion. Soon after the formation, in 1920 they were entered into the Yorkshire Football League as a founding member. During the 1930s Selby were one of the most successful clubs in the league, after the war the club managed to win two more Yorkshire League championships in 1952–53 and 1953–54 where they also reached the FA Cup 1st Round. During the 1954–55 season, they reached the Second Round of the FA Cup, the clubs record goalscorer is Graham Shepherd who notched up 158 goals between 1963 and 1982. They stayed in the Yorkshire League through its entirety, in 1982 the League became part of the new Northern Counties East Football League, which the Robins were drafted into. Selby became champions of the Northern Counties East League Division One in 1995–96 and until 2012 remained in the league they were promoted to, Northern Counties East League Premier Division. In recent seasons the club flourished under the guidance of former Player Bob Lyon, winning the Presidents Cup, Barkston Ash Cup, the 2011–12 season proved turbulent for Selby Town, with poor results resulting in a series of managerial changes. Leon Sewell was appointed as manager in July 2011 and he was replaced in September 2011, after only nine games, by Dave Heard. Heards tenure also proved to be short, with new manager Graham Hodder taking over in January 2012, at this point the club lay in bottom place in the league. The Robins moved from the Bowling Green across town to the current Flaxley Road ground on Richard Street which was built in the early 1950s. They hope to be moving soon to a brand new Conference-standard stadium on East Common Lane next to Selby College, the clubs highest attendance of 7,000 was in 1954 when they played Bradford Park Avenue in the FA Cup 1st Round. As a result of a deal the Flaxley Road ground was renamed the Selby Times Stadium. In August 2010 a new three season sponsorship deal with Rigid Group led to the stadium being renamed the Rigid Group Stadium, from 2012 the stadium is now known as the Fairfax Plant Hire Stadium. FPH being a local business which supports the Robins. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. President, A. Carter Chairman, Ralph Pearse Secretary, Thomas Arkley Treasurer, Mrs. R
Yorkshire Amateur A.F.C.
Yorkshire Amateur Association Football Club are a football club based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. They were formed in 1918, and two later became founding members of the Yorkshire Football League. For the 2015–16 season, Yorkshire Amateur are members of the Northern Counties East League Division One, the club was founded as Yorkshire Amateur A. F. C. by a local man called Kolin Robertson in Leeds during November 1918. The club became one of the founding members of the Yorkshire Football League in 1920–21. For the second time in their history, the reached the FA 1st Round. Yorkshire Amateur pulled off a 1–0 victory at against their Football League opposition, Yorkshire Amateur became a founder member of the Northern Counties East League in 1982, where they still remain. Graham stood down in 2010 after taking over as the Barkston Ash Rep Side manager, capacity,1550, Covered walkway,160, covered Seats,200 Attendance,4,000 v Wimbledon, FA Amateur Cup QF,1932
Washington Football Club is a football club based in Washington, Tyne and Wear, England. The club was formed by the miners at the local F-Pit Colliery in the early 20th century as Washington Colliery F. C. The modern club was established in 1947 and joined the Wearside League in 1968, in the 1977–78 season, they reached the third round of the FA Vase. The club won promotion to the Northern Football League Division One after winning their last seven games of the 2014–15 season and it was their highest league standing since the 2003–04 season. Little is known of the prior to 1926–27 when the club became a founder member in division 2 of the North Eastern League. Prior to this it was known the club did exist but mainly in playing friendlies against other local pits such as Usworth Colliery. A notable player from the era was Ronnie Starling, who went on to captain Sheffield Wednesday to the FA Cup. The club won the Division 2 title in the 1927–28 season and were promoted to division one and this period however did produce their most famous son, Jimmy Hagan, who went on to represent England. He later managed the famous Benfica team that won three successive Portuguese championships between 1971 and 1973 and he was also briefly manager of Sporting Lisbon during the 1976-77 season. The Colliery stayed in the league until 1964 when they moved to the Northern Alliance League and their tenure in that league lasted only one year where then club secretary Billy Benson was successful in applying to become a member of the Wearside league under the name Washington F. C. Their greatest moment was in 1970/71 reaching the FA Cup 4th qualifying round where they were defeated 3–0 by professional league team Bradford Park Avenue, currently Washington play in the Northern league and are semi-professional with paid players. Players that have played/managed in the Football League or any equivalent to this level. Players that hold a club record, alfred Douglas Washington FC Club website Durham Alliance Football League Winners The History of the Wearside Football League History