Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax, AFC Ajax, Ajax Amsterdam or simply Ajax, is a Dutch professional football club based in Amsterdam. Historically, Ajax is the most successful club in the Netherlands, Ajax is historically one of the most successful clubs in the world, according to the IFFHS, Ajax were the seventh-most successful European club of the 20th century. The club is one of the five teams that has earned the right to keep the European Cup and to wear a multiple-winner badge, in 1972, they completed the continental treble by winning the Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, and the European Cup. It won the first organized UEFA Super Cup in 1972 against Glasgow Rangers, Ajax is one of three teams to win the continental treble and the Intercontinental Cup in the same season/calendar year, This was achieved in the 1971–72 season. Ajax, Bayern Munich, and Chelsea are the four clubs to have won all three major UEFA club competitions. They have won the Intercontinental Cup twice, the 1991–92 UEFA Cup, as well as the Karl Rappan Cup, Ajax plays at the Amsterdam Arena, which opened in 1996.
They previously played at De Meer Stadion and the Amsterdam Olympic Stadium, Ajax was founded in Amsterdam on 18 March 1900. The club achieved promotion to the highest level of Dutch football in 1911 and had its first major success in 1917, winning the KNVB Beker, the following season, Ajax became national champion for the first time. The club defended its title in 1918–19, becoming the team to achieve an unbeaten season in the Netherlands Football League Championship. Throughout the 1920s, Ajax was a regional power, winning the Eerste Klasse West division in 1921,1927 and 1928. This changed in the 1930s, with the winning five national championships. In 1956, the first season of the Netherlands new professional league, the team were again Eredivisie champions in 1960 and won a third KNVB Cup in 1961. A year earlier, Johan Cruyff, who would go on to become the greatest Dutch footballer of all time, between them and Cruyff led Ajax through the most successful period in its history, winning seven Eredivisie titles, four KNVB Cups and three European Cups.
Ajax won the Dutch championship in 1966,1967, and 1968, during the 1966–67 season, Ajax scored a record 122 goals in an Eredivisie season and won the KNVB Cup to achieve its first league and cup double. In 1969–70, Ajax won a fourth Dutch league championship and second league and cup double in five seasons, winning 27 out of 34 league games, after this success, Michels departed to become manager of Barcelona and was replaced by the Romanian Ștefan Kovács. In Kovács first season, Ajax completed a treble of the European Cup, the Eredivisie, in 1973, Michels Barcelona broke the world transfer record to bring Cruyff to Catalonia. Kovács departed to become manager of the France national team, in 1976–77, Ajax won its first domestic championship in four seasons and recorded a double of the Eredivisie and KNVB Cup two years later. The early 1980s saw the return of Johan Cruyff to the club, as well as the emergence of young players Marco van Basten, the team won back-to-back Eredivisie titles in 1982 and 1983, with all three playing a significant role in the latter
Football Club Twente is a Dutch professional football club from the city of Enschede, playing in the Eredivisie. The club was formed in 1965 by the merger of 1926 Dutch champions, Sportclub Enschede, Twentes home ground since 1998 is De Grolsch Veste. The club was formed in 1965 as a merger of two clubs, Sportclub Enschede and the Enschedese Boys. One of such predecessors, SC Enschede, had won a single Dutch championship in 1926. The first successes of the club started just after the merger of 1965, Twente finished third in 1969, fourth in 1970, fifth in 1971, third in 1972 and again in 1973. The teams key figures were local heroes, such as Epi Drost, Eddy Achterberg, Kick van der Vall and their finest Eredivisie season was 1973–74, in which Twente battled for the Dutch championship with Feyenoord. A head-to-head confrontation in the very last game of the season, in Rotterdam, this earned the side a position in the UEFA Cup. The Tukkers nearly made the very most out of that UEFA Cup ticket—after beating Juventus in the semi-finals, in 1977, Twente won its first trophy, the KNVB Cup, after beating PEC Zwolle 3–0.
After enjoying some success in the 1970s, prospects went downhill for Twente, with the club suffering relegation to the Eerste Divisie. However, Twente returned to the top flight a year and this new reputation as boring Twente overshadowed the fact that the club kept qualifying for European football on a fairly regular basis, with five times since 1985. Re-establishment followed in the 1990s, German coach Hans Meyer led Twente to third-place in the Eredivisie of 1997, on 24 May 2001, Twente clinched their second triumph in the KNVB Cup after beating PSV in the final after being 3–1 down in the penalty shoot-out. The season after, Twente crashed out of the Cup at hand of Ajaxs second team, results in the league were poor, with hardcore Twente fans Ultras Vak-P eventually going on a rampage at the clubs brand-new stadium out of frustration. The clubs mother corporation was declared bankrupt in the 2002–03 season, the club, now chaired by ambitious businessman Joop Munsterman, survived such problems and made it to another KNVB Cup final in 2004, and finished in fourth place in the league table in 2006–07.
In the 2007–08 season, Twente placed fourth and won the play-offs for a ticket to the Champions League qualifiers by defeating Ajax in the play-off finals, in the 2008–09 season, Twente hired former England manager Steve McClaren as its new head coach. Under his tenure, unseeded Twente entered the draw for the qualifying round of the Champions League. The two legs were played at home on 13 August and away on 27 August 2008, Twente lost 6–0 on aggregate, resulting in their elimination from the Champions League and subsequent entry of the 2008–09 UEFA Cup first round. The club was admitted to the Europa League, where it enjoyed a relatively successful path that ended in a 4–2 aggregate defeat at the hands of Werder Bremen in the round of 32. At the domestic level, Twente won its first Eredivisie title at the end of a campaign in which they lost just twice, the victory qualified Twente for the 2010–11 UEFA Champions League group stage, the clubs first appearance in the competition
Sportclub Heerenveen football club currently playing in the Eredivisie, the top level of football in the Netherlands. Sportclub Heerenveen was founded on 20 July 1920 in the town of Heerenveen, Friesland and it changed name twice, first to Spartaan and to v. v. During this period, Lenstra led Heerenveen to a victory over Ajax in one of the most noted games in Dutch domestic football history. Trailing 5–1 with 25 minutes remaining, the Frisian team inexplicably fought back for a 6–5 victory, by the end of the decade, Heerenveen was in the Eerste Divisie, but found itself relegated again. In 1969–70, the Frisian club won the Tweede Divisie to return to the Eerste Divisie, by 1974, the club was in financial trouble and to ensure its survival it was split into amateur and professional sections, the professional part being renamed sc Heerenveen. In the 1980s, Heerenveen twice made the playoffs, but were unsuccessful both times. It finally reached the Eredivisie in 1990, becoming the first Frisian club to reach the top level, the achievement was overseen by Frisian coach Foppe de Haan.
The 1998 semi-final in the cup competition was lost to Ajax, because Ajax and the other finalist, PSV, had both qualified for the cup final, a decision match was needed to fill in the vacant spot for the next seasons UEFA Cup Winners Cup. Heerenveen had to play against the other losing semi-finalist, Heerenveen won that match in which Ruud van Nistelrooy scored his last goal for Heerenveen. Heerenveen became regular competitors in the UEFA Cup, and in 1999–2000 finished second in the Eredivise, its highest ever finish, and qualified for the 2000–01 UEFA Champions League. The club was led from 1983 until September 2006 by president Riemer van der Velde, a 2010 report by the Dutch football association showed that Heerenveen is the only Eredivisie club that has a financially secure budget. Under the tenure of Trond Sollied, Heerenveen won its first KNVB Cup, Trond Sollied, was sacked on 31 August 2009 due to a weak opening of the season and a conflict with the board. On 17 May 2009, the club defeated Twente 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out to win the Dutch Cup for the first time after a 2–2 draw in the final, with Gerald Sibon scoring the winning penalty.
On 13 February 2012, it was announced that Marco van Basten would replace Ron Jans, the club plays its home matches at the Abe Lenstra Stadium, which opened in 1994 and holds 26,100 people. Throughout the years, the club developed several plans to expand the stadium. One of the plans was to extend at least one side stand towards the pitch, Due to deteriorating league results and financial limitedness, those plans were shelved. It is uncertain whether or not the club will carry them out. Before the move to the Abe Lenstra Stadion, Heerenveen played at the Sportpark Noord, the crest on the club emblem is the symbol of the flag of Friesland
Mounir El Hamdaoui
Mounir El Hamdaoui is a Moroccan-Dutch footballer, who plays as a forward. He previously played for Excelsior, Tottenham Hotspur, Derby County, Willem II, AZ Alkmaar and Ajax, in the 2008–09 Eredivisie, El Hamdaoui was named Dutch Footballer of the Year and became the Eredivisie Top Scorer as AZ Alkmaar won their second league title in their history. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, El Hamdaoui went through the academy of SBV Excelsior. In the 2001–02 season the player made his debut for the Rotterdam side under manager Adrie Koster, El Hamdaoui played a total of 74 league matches for Excelsior, scoring 32 goals. Excelsior big brother Feyenoord was interested in signing the player, and El Hamdaoui trained a number of times with Feyenoords first squad, but a transfer was never realised. In January 2005 English club Tottenham Hotspur, managed by fellow Dutchman Martin Jol and he never made an appearance in the Premier League but featured in the Peace Cup in July 2005 in which Tottenham lifted the trophy following a 3–1 win against Olympique Lyonnais.
He scored two goals on his debut in a friendly against Northampton Town and scored against Aldershot Town on his first team debut in another friendly, in September 2005 El Hamdaoui joined Derby County on loan. He made six appearances, scoring two goals before a dislocated shoulder forced the loan to be cut short, Derby continued to monitor his progress and in January 2006 he returned to Pride Park for another loan spell. This too was to be disrupted due to injury, a groin problem forcing him to return to Tottenham in early March and this second loan deal was not cancelled, but after returning to duty with Derby in April, a further injury problem prematurely ended his season. In June 2006, El-Hamdaoui moved back to his native Netherlands to play for Willem II, on 19 August 2006, he marked his league debut for Willem II by scoring in their 2-1 victory against FC Utrecht. After an impressive start scoring three goals in four matches he suffered an injury which prevented him playing for nine months.
El Hamdaoui only played seven matches for the Tilburg side. In his second season at the Willem II, he left the club after two matches to join AZ. On 31 August 2007, El Hamdaoui signed with AZ Alkmaar until 2011 as a replacement for Danny Koevermans who left for PSV Eindhoven, on 16 September 2007, he scored on his debut for AZ in a league match against Sparta Rotterdam. By the end of his first season at AZ, he had scored 7 goals in 23 league matches, the 2008–09 season proved to be an excellent one for El Hamdaoui and AZ. He scored in the first game of the season against NAC Breda, by the winter break, he had scored 16 goals in 17 league matches, including a hattrick against his old club Willem II. At the winter break, AZ was leading the league table, and El Hamdaoui was leading the goal-scoring charts. By the end of the season, AZ had won the championship in their history
ADO Den Haag
Alles Door Oefening Den Haag, commonly known by the abbreviated name ADO Den Haag, is a Dutch association football club from the city of The Hague. The club was for a known as FC Den Haag. Despite being from one of the three large Dutch cities, it has not been able to match AFC Ajax, Feyenoord or PSV in terms of success in the Eredivisie or in European competition. There is nonetheless a big rivalry with Ajax and Feyenoord, the words Alles Door Oefening translate into Everything Through Practice in Dutch. On 1 February 1905, the club Alles Door Oefening was founded in café Het Hof van Berlijn in The Hague. In the first years of its existence, the club endured some difficult times as many refused to pay their fees. ADO started out in the local Haagsche Voetbal Bond, but promoted to the national Nederlandsche Voetbal Bond in 1912 and that year they promoted to the 3rd level and two years they even earned the championship on that level. After moving to the Zuiderpark stadium in 1925, ADO continued to grow to a club of some significance, in 1926, the club earned promotion to the highest national level, the Eerste Klasse.
In the following years the team struggled not to be relegated at first. In 1939 the club just missed the title after losing to DWS in Amsterdam. In 1940 the title seemed very close again, but another 2nd-place finish was the highest achievable position after the club saw many players being drafted in the army with World War II closing in and this time another club from Amsterdam, Blauw-Wit, grabbed the title. In 1941, ADO finally won their class and moved on to the national champions competition, in the 1941–42 season all the stars were aligned, and although the War made everyday life harder and harder, the club seemed undefeatable. After winning their league, often by many goals difference, ADO moved on to the national competition and fought for the title with Heerenveen, AGOVV, Eindhoven. A 5–2 victory over AGOVV finally brought ADO their first national title, in 1943 ADO won another title, amongst others by beating legend Abe Lenstras Heerenveen 8–2. The Hague had to wait until the 1960s for more successes from their local club, after Ernst Happel joined ADO as a coach in 1962, the club worked their way to the top of the league again.
They finished 3rd in the ranking in 1965. In 1963,1964 and 1966 ADO played in the cup final, the KNVB Beker. In 1968 they again reached the final, and this time beat Ajax to win it, in the 1970–71 season, ADO started the league with 17 games undefeated and were at the top of the national league, but ended their season as No.3
N.E.C. (football club)
Nijmegen Eendracht Combinatie, commonly abbreviated to N. E. C. is a Dutch football club from the city of Nijmegen that currently plays in the Eredivisie. The oldest remnants of the club, stem back to 15 November 1900, in 1910, Eendracht merged with Nijmegen to form the Nijmegen Eendracht Combinatie. The teams home ground is the 12, 500-seat Stadion de Goffert, the club is yet to win any major tournaments to but were runners-up in the KNVB Cup competition in 1973,1983,1994 and 2000. They played in UEFA Cup tournaments in 1983,2003, and 2008, N. E. C. is the 41st oldest club in the Netherlands. The first football club was founded by workers, real people. Football was in 1900 quite popular but at the time elitist being played by the sons of industrialists, middle class. The founders of N. E. C. had a different background to other Eredivisie clubs. They were, without exception, from the old Nijmegen Lower City and it was not much more than a slum. The boys from this area played football every day, not on a field, but on the streets, some of those boys on 15 November 1900 made a decision to form their own football club.
They did it by themselves, without help from outside and they coined the name Eendracht and decided that every week a fee of two cents would be paid. With that money, a new ball could be purchased from time-to-time, in the first years, Eendracht only played games against teams from other parts of Nijmegen. The ploeggie from the Lower City started to play good football, when in 1903, a Nijmegen Football Association was formed, Eendracht was the first champion and was promoted to the Geldersche Football Association. The football at Eendracht became a matter, especially two years after promotion to the second class of the KNVB. The name N. E. C. was established in April 1910, Eendracht merged that year with a club called Nijmegen. Nijmegen had been established for two years and was founded by former members of Quick 1888 who felt little empathy with Quick. The Nijmegen Eendracht Combination seemed a golden find, the leading figures in Nijmegen possibly looked down on N. E. C. At the beginning of the 1920s, N. E. C. bought land, the club had its own sports complex.
On top of this, memberships increased rapidly and the became more popular
Raymond Atteveld is a Dutch retired footballer who played as a full back or midfielder. He currently works as an academy coach at Kazachstans FC Kairat. Atteveld played for Haarlem before moving to England to join Everton and he made his debut for Everton on 2 December 1989 against Coventry City, in a 2–0 home win. During his career at Everton, he made 41 league appearances from the outset, Atteveld is one of only four Dutchmen to have played for Everton, the others being Andy van der Meyde, Johnny Heitinga and Royston Drenthe. Atteveld was one of the first foreigners to get a regular place in the Everton squad although he struggled to make a name of himself in the English game. Atteveld is remembered by Evertonians for stripping down to his underpants during an end of season lap of honour and he made two FA Cup appearances for the club, for the Fifth Round games against Sunderland on 15 February and 26 February. The tough-tackling holding midfielder joined ambitious Vitesse in summer 1995 from high-flying Roda JC, in summer 1999, Atteveld left FC Groningen for ADO Den Haag.
Atteveld worked as an assistant manager for Roda in 2006, until 2007, due to poor performances, he was sacked on 7 October 2008. On 17 April 2009, he replaced André Wetzel as the new ADO Den Haag manager only to be dismissed in March 2010, in February 2011 he moved abroad to coach Cypriot outfit AEL Limassol, but had to leave a few months when Pambos Christodoulou was finally appointed. He worked as coach at FC Banants in Armenia before moving to Kazachstan in 2013. Whos Who of West Ham United
Football Club Volendam is a Dutch football club based in Volendam, Edam-Volendam, North Holland. Founded on June 1,1977, as a result of a split up with RKSV and it currently plays in the Eerste Divisie, holding home games at Kras Stadion, with a 6, 984-seat capacity. Football Club Volendam was founded as Victoria on June 1,1920 by local fishermen, by 1923, the club had already been renamed to its most famous denomination. In 1977 RKSV Volendam split up in RKSV en FC Volendam, being from the piously catholic village of Volendam, the club quickly joined the Catholic Football Association of the Netherlands. In 1935 and 1938, Volendam won that competition and, in the Second World War, was forced by the nazis to join the KNVB. In 1955, the joined the professional football league, soon establishing its reputation as the Heen-en-weer club due to the many times the club was promoted and relegated throughout its history. Throughout the years, Volendam spawned many talented players, such as Wim Jonk, Edwin Zoetebier, the club has an accomplished scouting and youth system, which spreads across many different countries.
As of 17 July 2016 For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2016 Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
NAC Breda, simply often known as NAC, is a Dutch professional football club, based in Breda, The Netherlands. NAC Breda play in the Rat Verlegh Stadium, named after their most important player and they play in the Dutch Eerste Divisie and are known by the fierce and fanatic support of their fans. In their history, NAC won one title in 1921. NAC was founded on September 19,1912, when the two clubs ADVENDO and NOAD merged to one club. NOAD is a Dutch abbreviation for Nooit Opgeven, Altijd Doorgaan, while ADVENDO is a Dutch abbreviation for Aangenaam Door Vermaak En Nuttig Door Ontspanning, the full name of NAC Breda expands to Nooit opgeven altijd doorgaan, Aangenaam door vermaak en nuttig door ontspanning, Combinatie Breda. Early 2003 NAC added, as a symbol of gratitude, Breda to their club name, at the end of season 2009/2010 it appeared, despite earlier denials by management and the chairman, that NAC had a debt of 3.2 million Euros. The crisis lead to the resignation of several members and the installation of a new board.
Finally it appeared that NAC had a debt of 7.1 million Euros, in 2012 Stefaan Eskes succeeded Ed Busselaar and in August 2012 NAC Breda reinstated their first logo as the new clublogo for the season 2012–13. NAC Breda was founded on September 20,1912 when the two clubs ADVENDO and NOAD merged to one club, during the new club’s foundation meeting the atmosphere became tense, since NOAD wanted to name the new club NOAD. This name was for ADVENDO no option, Frans Konert proposed to call the club NAC, which was accepted by the meeting’s attendants. At first, the NVB refused NAC to play associated football, the first years weren’t that well for NAC, but when NAC moved to a new stadium ‘t Ploegske the results improved. NAC became one of the topteams in the highest Southern Division, in 1919 NAC became champion of this competition and was allowed to play the Dutch Champions’ Competition. During this competition NAC finished in the last place, in 1920, NAC was one of the first clubs to play international matches.
NAC played a couple of matches, including a match against Real Madrid CF. NAC won this match with 0–4 and the Spanish newspapers called NAC ‘Los muchacos del Breda, in 1921 NAC celebrated one of its greatest achievements, when they became Dutch football champion. In the Dutch Championship competition, NAC defeated Ajax, Be Quick 1887, NAC continued to play soccer on a high level and in the twenties and thirties NAC was considered to be one of the best clubs in Dutch football. During this period NAC won 6 Southern Division titles and the football was deemed technically perfect by press, because of this view, the NAC board decided to hire a professional trainer. Englishman Ben Affleck was hired as a coach and was a couple of months succeeded by James Moore, when Moore resigned, the NAC board issued a committee, who would select the best 11 NAC players to play a match
Heracles Almelo is a Dutch professional football club based in Almelo, founded in 1903. The club has won the Dutch national title twice, in 1927 and 1941, in the 2004–05 season, Heracles won the title in the Eerste Divisie, so that during the 2005–06 season, Heracles played in the Eredivisie, where they finished 13th. The average attendance in 2004–05 was 5,700 people, in the recent top flight seasons, this has risen to just over 8,300. In 2012 Heracles competed in its first Dutch cup final, which it lost to PSV in the Rotterdam Stadium De Kuip, Heracles Almelo currently play at the Polman Stadion in Almelo. The Polman Stadion was built in 1999 with a capacity 6,900, the pitch at the Polman Stadion is artificial turf. After renovation of the stadium at the beginning of season 2015–16 it holds 13.500 supporters, the club was founded on 3 May 1903 as Heracles, after the demigod son of Zeus. They changed their name on 1 July 1974 to SC Heracles 74, in the 2015/16 season, Heracles finished sixth in the Eredevisie, so the club could participate in the playoffs for European football.
The club first defeated FC Groningen and FC Utrecht, Heracles thus qualified for the first time in club history for European football, in the third qualifying round of the 2016–17 UEFA Europa League. Eredivisie,2 1926–27, 1940–41 Eerste Divisie, 21984–85, 2004–05 KNVB Cup, Runner-up 2011–12 Below is a table with Heracles Almelos domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
The Netherlands, informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government. The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of 412 people per km2 –507 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. In 2001, it became the worlds first country to legalise same-sex marriage, the Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country ranks second highest in the worlds 2016 Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund, in 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in all over Europe. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben. In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the region has been more or less downstream. The geographical location of the region, changed over time tremendously