SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

2008–09 NHL season

The 2008–09 NHL season was the 92nd season of operation of the National Hockey League. It was the first season since prior to the 2004–05 lockout in which every team played each other at least once during the season, following three seasons where teams only played against two divisions in the other conference, it began on October 4, with the regular season ending on April 12. The Stanley Cup playoffs ended on June 12, with the Pittsburgh Penguins taking the championship; the Montreal Canadiens hosted the 57th NHL All-Star Game at the Bell Centre on January 25, 2009, as part of the Canadiens' 100th season celebration. National Hockey League announced that the regular season salary cap would be going up for the fourth straight season; the 2008–09 salary cap is being increased by $6,400,000 per team to bring the salary cap up to $56,700,000. The salary floor is at $40,700,000, higher than the salary cap on 2005–06 season; the NHL brought in a number of rule changes for the start of the 2008–09 NHL season aimed at increasing offence and safety.

The first rule change was to Rule 76.2 on faceoffs. The first faceoff of a power play will now be in the defending zone of the team that committed the foul, regardless of where the play was stopped; the second rule dealt with the issue of safety while players are pursuing the puck on a potential icing call. Rule 81.1 states that, "Any contact between opposing players while pursuing the puck on an icing must be for the sole purpose of playing the puck and not for eliminating the opponent from playing the puck. Unnecessary or dangerous contact could result in penalties being assessed to the offending player." The third rule change dealt with faceoff position: if a puck is shot off the goal frame, goal post or crossbar, the subsequent faceoff will remain in the end zone where the puck went out of play. Another rule change prohibits TV commercials, game breaks, any line changes after an icing call; the 2008–09 schedule returns to the pre-lockout schedule. The new schedule eliminates the three-year rotation where teams would only play teams in two of the three divisions of the opposite conference.

In this new schedule, each team will play their divisional rivals six times for a total of 24 games. To obtain a total of 82 games there are an additional three-wild card games; the regular season started with four games played in Europe. The Ottawa Senators and the Pittsburgh Penguins played each other twice in Stockholm, Sweden with the two teams splitting a 2-game premiere, the New York Rangers and the Tampa Bay Lightning played each other twice in Prague, Czech Republic The Rangers swept Tampa Bay 2–0; the New York Rangers represented the NHL in the inaugural Victoria Cup challenge game as part of the club's pre-season schedule. The four teams played some pre-season exhibition games in Europe. Other than the four overseas regular season games starting October 4, October 9 was the actual first day of regular season games as far as widespread continental North American broadcast from most providers, including pay per view hockey packages. Other teams still played preseason games between October 4 and 6.

By February 23, 2009, all four teams who started the season in Europe had fired their coaches. Because of the success of the 2008 Winter Classic, another outdoor game was held in the 2008–09 NHL season. While Yankee Stadium was considered an early favorite, in a game to be hosted by the Rangers, cold-weather issues involving the old stadium put that location out of the mix. Another site considered was Beaver Stadium at Penn State University, with that game to involve the Penguins and the Flyers. On May 29, 2008, TSN reported that the 2009 NHL Winter Classic would be held in Chicago, Illinois on January 1, 2009, played between the Chicago Blackhawks and defending champion Detroit Red Wings. Soldier Field was considered an early candidate, however the NFL's Chicago Bears objected, citing a possible home game for the 2008 NFL playoffs that weekend, it was decided that the game would be played at Wrigley Field, the North Side home of the Chicago Cubs, as confirmed by the Minneapolis Star-Tribune on July 6.

Ten days afterward, the NHL confirmed the reports that the game would be held on New Year's Day. Faceoff was scheduled for 1 pm EST; the Red Wings won the game 6–4. The NHL and National Hockey League Players' Association agreed to move the trade deadline from Tuesday, March 3, 2009, to Wednesday, March 4, 2009; this was done because the schedule has twelve games on March 3 and only two on March 4. At the meeting, held in Naples, Florida from March 9–11, 2009, general managers of the teams discussed issues that concerned them. Consensus on any topic would lead to action by the Board of Governors or the Competition committee in meetings. Paul Kelly, president of the NHLPA, made a presentation on the topic of dangerous hits to the head, proposing new rules to penalize intentional hits; the general managers took no further action. Kelly intends to review the issue at the future Competition committee meeting, held after the Stanley Cup final; the general managers discussed the topic of fighting in hockey, agreed to penalize further player

Oweniidae

Oweniidae is a family of marine polychaete worms in the suborder Sabellida. The worms live in tubes made of sand and are selective filter feeders and grazers. Members of this family live in tubes made of shell fragments; the head of the worm does not bear a proboscis but has the mouth at the tip rimmed by some short tentacles. The body segments are smooth elongated cylinders. There are a large number of hooked chaetae or bristles on a small pad on the ventral side of each segment; these chaetae have two parallel teeth resembling claws, a feature that distinguishes members of this family from other polychaetes. The posterior tip bears different appendages in different genera. Family members are unique in having a bell-shaped larval stage known as a mitraria larva. At one time the family was classified as the Ammocharidae. Galathowenia Kirkegaard, 1959 Myriochele Malmgren, 1867 Myriowenia Hartman, 1960 Owenia Delle Chiaje, 1844

Vytautas Sakalauskas

Vytautas Sakalauskas was a Lithuanian Soviet Lithuanian politician, the last Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic before Lithuanian independence in 1990. Sakalauskas served his compulsory military service in a sapper battalion in the Kirghiz SSR and Uzbek SSR between 1950 and 1953. After graduation from Kaunas Polytechnic Institute in 1956, Sakalauskas worked as a master metal welder in engineering and transportation departments of various State-owned companies until 1969, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1955. From 1955 to 1983, he was a member of the Vilnius branch of the Lithuanian Communist Party, becoming the branch's first secretary in 1974. Sakalauskas was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in 1974 and the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR in 1976. From 1985 to 1990, he was the Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Sakalauskas was not re-elected to the Supreme Soviet in the parliamentary elections in 1990 and retired from Lithuanian politics.

He headed the Soviet trade mission in Mozambique. In preparation for the events of January 1991, the KGB brought Sakalauskas to Moscow in an attempt to recruit him for the planned coup by the National Salvation Committee. Sakalauskas was offered to head the planned pro-Moscow government, but he refused and returned to Mozambique. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he returned to Lithuania and worked in the private sector