The Hyundai i20 is a supermini car and compact suv produced by the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai since 2008. The i20 made its debut at the Paris Motor Show in October 2008, sits between the i10 and i30, it is a front wheel drive car, is available in three and five door versions. The i20 replaces the Getz in nearly all of its markets, though the Getz was not phased out in most of the world until 2011; the second generation i20 was launched in August 2014. It was awarded as 2015 car of the year ICOTY in India The Hyundai i20 uses a new platform, created at Hyundai's European technical centre in Rüsselsheim to allow Hyundai to move into Europe's competitive subcompact B segment. A 2,525 mm wheelbase helps endow the i20 with a generous passenger cabin. Suspension follows the supermini norm of MacPherson struts at the front and a torsion beam rear end, with rack and pinion steering. A upgraded version of the i20, called the iGen i20, went on sale in India in March 2012 onward with tweaked headlamps, new front grille, tail lamps, fog lamps.
It follows the "Fluidic Sculpture" design philosophy with re tuned engines. A new next generation model, known as Elite i20 in India, was launched in India on August 11, 2014, was launched in Europe in the 2014 Paris Motor Show; the i20 is not sold in South Korea, North America, the Philippines, as those markets have the Accent. The i20 was discontinued in the Indonesian market in 2012, due to the introduction of the Accent hatchback, known there as the Grand Avega; the i20 is assembled in Turkey for the European market and in Sriperumbudur, India for sale in Asia and Oceania. The i20 has a total of seven four cylinder engine options. Three are petrol, including the 1248 cc dohc 16 valve "Aditeya" engine, while the rest are diesel engines. Two of the diesel engines are 1396 cc units, one with 75 PS and 220 N⋅m and the other a 90 PS and 220 N⋅m high power unit, they are joined by two 1582 cc engines having the same dohc and 16 valve top end architecture, but delivering either 115 PS and 156 N⋅m of torque or 128 PS and 157 N⋅m of torque.
Hyundai claims that 115 PS diesel unit can return a class leading 115g/km of CO2 per litre of diesel to go 23.25 km/L in the European combined driving cycle. All diesel engines and 1.2 and 1.4 petrol engines come mated to five speed manual transmission, there is an option of a four speed automatic for some 1.4 petrol engined models, the 1.6 is mated to a six speed manual transmission. In the Indian market, the Hyundai i20 is powered by a 1.2L Kappa engine with 80 PS power at 5200 rpm and 114 N⋅m torque at 4000rpm. It comes with a 1.4L gamma gasoline which has 100 PS power at 5500 rpm and 139 N⋅m torque at 4200 rpm, but is mated only to a four speed automatic transmission. The i20 CRDi diesel has 90 PS at 4000 rpm and 224 N⋅m torque between 1750–2750 rpm, comes with a six speed manual transmission. In Australia, the i20 was offered as a 1.4 petrol with a $3500 option of the Gamma II G4FC 1.6 petrol engine. The 1.6 makes 91 kW at 157Nm at 4200rpm. However, with the arrival of the new 1.6 powered Accent in the end of 2011, the 1.6L option on the i20 has been dropped.
The Hyundai i20 earned from Euro NCAP a maximum five star safety rating and scored six out of a maximum of seven points in the "safety assist" category, receiving top marks for its belt reminder and electronic stability programme which minimises the risk of skidding by braking individual wheels. The i20 was named one of Euro NCAP's "top five safest cars for 2009", based on Euro NCAP's maximum five star awards and their overall score; the Hyundai i20 features starts with six airbags—for driver and passenger in the front along with side and curtain airbags for rear passengers, whilst the Antilock Brake System with Electronic Brake-force Distribution which helps to control in slippery surfaces. Hyundai i20 has new additions in its safety features like rain sensing wipers and automatic darkness sensing headlamps, central locking, impact sensing auto door unlock, keyless entry along with front and rear fog lamps and advanced engine immobilizer. Pre-facelift styling Post-facelift styling The second generation Hyundai i20 supermini has a new exterior and interior design, a new 1.4 litre diesel engine.
The car has a higher ground clearance than before, 170mm as against 165mm of the old i20. The i20 has 326 litres of boot space, it was launched in August 2014 in India, in November 2014 in Europe. The design of the car employs; the design for the car has been developed at Hyundai's design facilities in Germany. Some of the design features of the new i20 include trapezoidal fog lamps, black C pillar block, wrap around tail lamps, re worked headlights and the hexagonal front grille; the interiors feature a black and beige dual tone dashboard, multi-steering-mounted audio controls, Bluetooth integrated 2 DIN audio with USB and Aux inputs with 1 GB internal storage, rear AC vents, a dedicated engine start/stop button, automatic temperature control. In order to match the pricing of its key competitor, Hyundai has introduced a refreshed i20 with new prices and features cut for 2017; the i20 has an Antilock Braking System, six airbags and a reverse parking camera. Ten variants of the Hyundai Elite i20 have been launched in India, the petrol versions of the car are – the Hyundai Elite i20 ERA 1.2 P, the Hyundai Elite i20 Magna 1.2 P, the Hyunda
The Ferrari California is a grand touring sports car produced by the Italian automotive manufacturer Ferrari. It is a two-door 2+2 hard top convertible; when unveiled, the California was powered by a front-mid mounted, rear wheel drive aspirated 4.3-litre V8. In 2012 a lighter more powerful variant, the California 30 was introduced. In 2014, Ferrari announced the second generation of the model, named California T powered by a new twin-turbo 3.9-litre V8. The car revives the name used on the late-1950s Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California and the 1960s 365 California; the modern California was introduced as an entry level model, however, it included many new design innovations from Ferrari. The original base price of the California was similar to the base price of the F430, the company's V8 flagship model at the time of its introduction. In 2018, the California was succeeded by the Portofino; the California was launched at the October 2008 Paris Motor Show. According to industry rumours, the California started as a concept for a new Maserati, but the resulting expense to produce the car led the Fiat Group to badge it as a Ferrari in order to justify a higher purchase cost.
However, the company denies this. When introduced, the California represented a new fourth model range for Ferrari; the new model range joined the current models: the mid-engine eight cylinder sports car, the front-engine twelve cylinder sports car, the front-engine twelve cylinder grand touring car. The California represented a radical new design by Pininfarina S.p. A. and was developed under the oversight of Ken Okuyama. The model was intended to attract new Ferrari owners; the car's grand touring personality was emphasized with a higher ride height compared to its more aggressive siblings. The chassis was manufactured by Ferrari division Carrozzeria Scaglietti. Overall, it is considered a landmark car for Ferrari in that it represents a number of concepts being used for the first time in their road cars: The first front engined Ferrari with a V8 The first to feature a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission The first hard top convertible with a folding metal roof The first with multi-link rear suspension The first with direct petrol injectionThe engine displaces 4,297 cubic centimetres, used a gasoline direct injection system produced by Bosch.
It generates a maximum power output of 338 kW at 7,750 rpm. The resulting 79 kW per litre of engine displacement is high for a aspirated engine, as other manufacturers have used forced induction to reach similar power levels; the engine makes use of a wet sump designed lubrication system. The body computer system was developed by Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting; the California's mid-front engine layout and rear gear box configuration create a 47% front to 53% rear weight distribution. This distribution contributes to the vehicle's excellent handling capabilities; the California is equipped with an exclusive Ferrari designed F1-Trac system. The system introduced on the 599 GTB Fiorano, was updated for the model; the variable power distribution to the rear wheels allows greater stability and performance in roadway turns. The result is an average increase of 20 % in acceleration; the grand touring California was available with two passenger seating configurations. The first option, included two rear seats that are limited in space and arguably only capable of accommodating small child safety seats.
The second option, did away with the rear seats replacing them with a bench storage area. This storage area could accommodate more luggage or personal effects than the seats and included matching leather luggage tie-down belts; the California was the first Ferrari road car to offer stop/start technology. What was an option package and called the HELE system allowed the engine to shut off while at extended idle and start again upon pushing the accelerator pedal. While this technology was not always well received by many of the Ferrari Tifosi, it did allow for substantial tax savings upon sale in certain governmental jurisdictions. Ferrari models offered this technology; the original California had a top speed of 310 km/h and it could accelerate from 0–100 km/h in under four seconds. Although that model was 180 kilograms heavier and 22 kW less powerful than the mid-engined F430, the California reached 97 km/h in the same time as the F430 due to the dual-clutch transmission. Ferrari spent over 1,000 hours in the wind tunnel with a one-third-scale model of the California perfecting its aerodynamics.
With the top up, the California has reduced wind resistance with a drag coefficient of Cd=0.32, making it the most aerodynamic Ferrari road car made until the introduction of the F12berlinetta. The California was manufactured in a new, purpose built facility, constructed adjacent to the existing factory at Maranello; the new facility was part of Ferrari's Formula Uomo programme that started in 1997 to improve production and employee happiness. Overall, the Ferrari production line make a total of about 27 cars per day, or between 6,000 and 8,000 cars per year. Production of the California amounted to about 8,000 units spanning between 2008 and 2012. 1,219 cars were manufactured in calendar year 2013. 2016 saw production of 2,247 vehicles, about 1,600 were made in 2017. Total production of a
The Lexus IS is a compact executive car sold by Lexus since 1999. The IS was sold under the Toyota Altezza nameplate in Japan from 1998; the IS was introduced as an entry-level sport model positioned below the ES in the Lexus lineup. The Altezza name is still used at times to refer to chromed car taillights like those fitted to the first-generation model, known as "Altezza lights"; the first-generation Altezza was launched in Japan in October 1998, while the Lexus IS 200 made its debut in Europe in 1999 and in North America as the IS 300 in 2000. The first-generation, inline-6-powered IS featured wagon variants; the second-generation IS was launched globally in 2005 with V6-powered IS 250 and IS 350 sedan models, followed by a high-performance V8 sedan version, the IS F, in 2007, hardtop convertible versions, the IS 250 C and IS 350 C, in 2008. The third-generation Lexus IS premiered in January 2013 and includes the V6-powered IS 350 and IS 250, hybrid IS 300h and performance-tuned F Sport variants.
The IS designation stands for Intelligent Sport. Produced as a direct competitor to the luxury sports sedans of the leading European luxury marques, the XE10 series Toyota Altezza and Lexus IS was designed with a greater performance emphasis than seen on prior Japanese luxury vehicles; the engineering work was led by Nobuaki Katayama from 1994 to 1998 under the 038T program code, responsible for the AE86 project. Design work by Tomoyasu Nishi was frozen in 1996 and filed under patent number 1030135 on December 5, 1996, at the Japan Patent Office. At its introduction to Japan, it was exclusive to Japanese dealerships called Toyota Netz Store, until Lexus was introduced to Japan in 2006; the Japan-sold AS200 Altezza sedan and AS300 Altezza Gita formed the basis for the Lexus IS 200 and IS 300 models sold in markets outside Japan North America and Europe. The Altezza Gita was a hatchback-station wagon version sold in Japan and was known in the US and Europe as the Lexus IS SportCross; the AS300 Altezza Gita was the only Altezza with the 2JZ-GE engine, while in export markets, this engine was available in the sedan models as well, as the Lexus IS300 Sedan.
Introduced in 1998 with the AS200 and RS200 sedans, the compact vehicle was produced using a shortened, front-engine, rear-wheel-drive midsize platform, allowing Japanese buyers to take advantage of tax savings imposed by Japanese government regulations concerning vehicle exterior dimensions and engine displacement, adapted parts from the larger second-generation Aristo/GS. The 2.0-liter 1G-FE inline-six powered AS200 featured a five-speed manual transmission as standard, while a four-speed automatic was optional. The 2.0-liter 3S-GE inline-four-powered RS200 featured a six-speed manual transmission, while a five-speed automatic was optional. The different size engine choices gave Japanese buyers a choice of which annual road tax obligation they wanted to pay, the larger engine offered more standard equipment as compensation; the design received critical acclaim at its 1998 launch and was awarded Japan's "Car of the Year" honor for 1998–1999. A few months Lexus began marketing the IS 200 equivalent models in Europe.
The IS 200 in Europe was listed as producing 153 bhp, with a top speed of 216 km/h, 0 to 100 km/h acceleration in 9.3 seconds. The styling cues of the rear light clusters on the first-generation models were copied by a number of after-market accessory manufacturers for applications on other vehicles; this iconic style of one or more internal lamp units, covered with a clear perspex cover made popular by Lexus, became known in many circles as'Lexus-style' or'Altezza lights'. The taillight style became so popular, that it influenced the development of clear-glass LED taillights; the XE10's chief engineer was Nobuaki Katayama, while the chief test driver and test engineer was Hiromu Naruse. In July 2000, a hatchback/station wagon model, the AS300, was introduced featuring a 3.0-liter 2JZ-GE inline-six engine. Equipped with rear- or all-wheel drive, the AS300 was only available with an automatic gearbox; the six-cylinder version was only available in Japan on the Gita models. In the US, the IS 300 sedan debuted in 2000 as 2001 model and the wagon debuted in 2001 as a 2002 model with the same 3.0-liter six-cylinder engine, while in Europe, the IS 300 joined the IS 200 in the model lineup.
All IS 300 models in the US were only available with the five-speed automatic transmission. However, a five-speed manual was made available in the US in 2001 for the 2002 model year. Visually the exterior of the European IS 200 Sport and 300 were identical, the only differences being the boot insignia and the larger-engined model having clear front indicators; the first-generation IS interior featured unique elements not found in other Lexus models. These included a chrome metal ball shifter, pop-up navigation screen, chronograph-style instrument panel. For the European and Australian markets, the IS 300 gained full leather seats rather than the leather/escaine of the 200, plus Auto-dimming rear view and side
The Kia Soul is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive, five-door subcompact crossover SUV manufactured and marketed worldwide by Kia and now in its third generation. Designed at Kia's design center in California, the Soul debuted at the 2008 Paris Motor Show and is manufactured in South Korea. Since 2014, Kia has marketed an electric variant as the Soul EV in North and Central America as well as Europe; the Soul concept was styled by Mike Torpey in early 2005. As a new member of Kia's Design Team in Irvine, Torpey was sent to Kia Korea to brainstorm a new vehicle. After seeing a television documentary on wild boars and learning of their importance in Korean culture, Torpey sketched a caricature of a boar wearing a backpack; the New York Times reported "the boar’s attitude of strength and capability was the image wanted for a new model aimed at hip urban youths."According to the Automotive News, the Soul had been criticized for a "plasticky" interior and a harsh ride. Both the ride quality and interior were upgraded during the first year of production.
The interior features two front bucket seats and a rear flat-folding bench seat that can adjust to prioritize passenger or cargo volume. The first generation was marketed with a six-speaker stereo system that includes a CD player, a USB port for iPod connection, Sirius Satellite Radio. Additional features available for upgrade included additional speakers, steering-wheel-mounted audio controls and Bluetooth for hands-free connectivity. Options included themed special editions as well as 18-inch alloy wheels, cruise control, leather-wrapped steering wheel, racing stripes, "dragon" and "houndstooth" graphics, LED turn indicators. For 2011, the Kia Soul was updated with more conventional pull-out door handles, standard metallic interior trim, redesigned instrument cluster, leather shift boot, switchblade style fold-in integrated key and remote, with an optional Smart Key available in the Exclaim trim. For model year 2012, the Soul received interior styling and new powertrains. In North America the updated 1.6 liter engine, featuring direct injection, makes 138 hp/123 lb-ft.
The 1.6 now delivers 30-31 on the highway. The 2.0 returns 28-29 on the highway. New features included navigation, UVO infotainment and heated seats and automatic climate control; as part of the 2012 upgrades, European models were fitted with new 1.6-liter GDI gasoline or 1.6 CRDi diesel engines, both of which can be specified with an automatic gearbox or a new six-speed manual gearbox, replacing the five-speed unit in the old version. As a result, the gasoline offers a 14 bhp uplift in power compared to its predecessor, while returning improved fuel economy; the modified 1.6 CRDi diesel returns 57.6mpg and has cut its CO2 emissions from 138g/km to 129g/km - important for the European market where taxation is based on carbon emissions. The 2013 North American Kia Soul received upgrades including 3 new colors, a bulged hood, revised grille with black chrome accents, LED red tail lights, LED amber front turn signals under the headlights and white LED running lights under the front turn signals.
The exterior Kia badges became now smooth instead of raised lettering. Inside, audio controls were relocated to the steering wheel and Bluetooth became standard across the range. Upper trims included power folding heated mirrors with turn signal repeaters; the center display for sound system was red LED and was revised to include a full color range. The Kia Soul will be a mini SUV after 2013 in its second generation which the Kia Track'ster will succeed the first generation Kia Soul. Kia Soul Denim The Denim is a limited version of 2010 Kia Soul Soul+ for the US market. Appearing in June 2009, it features a blue body color with white racing stripes, white painted side-view mirrors, white, 18-inch, alloy wheels. Kia Soul Dragon The Shadow Dragon edition is based on the Soul trim line and was limited to about 1900 units. Exterior details include shadow black paint with matte-black dragon graphics on its hood and tailgate, gloss-black bumper inserts, a body-color rear wing and 18 inch black alloy wheels.
The interior features heated, black leather trimmed seats. MSRP for Shadow Dragon Soul starts at $18,195 with a five speed manual transmission or $19,195 with the available four-speed automatic; the Kia Soul Tiger The Soul White Tiger Special Edition comes with features such as Clear White with Grey exterior graphics, body colored bumpers, sport rear spoiler, black 18-inch alloy wheels, black fender vents with side marker repeater, rear bumper applique, alloy fuel door, black leather seat trim, heated front seats, leather wrapped steering wheel and shift knob, push button start with smart key, illuminated sill plates, automatic climate control and front fog lights. Soul Flex Kia presented the Soul Flex at the 2010 São Paulo International Auto Show; the Soul Flex is the first Korean flexible-fuel vehicle capable of running on any blend from E20-E25 gasoline to E100. The new Soul Flex delivers a 44% improvement in fuel efficiency compared with the existing gasoline model, as well as superior power and torque.
The North American version of the Soul was available in 2010 and 2011 with one of two inline four-cylinder gasoline engines. The base model is powered by a 1.6-liter unit producing 122 bhp and mated with a five-speed manual transmission. Higher trims feature a 2.0-liter unit producing 142 bhp connected to a standard five-speed manual transmission with a four-speed automatic available as a stand-alone option. A 1.6-liter diesel engine producing 126 bhp and 260 N
The Mitsubishi Lancer is a compact car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi since 1973. The Lancer has been marketed as the Colt Lancer, Dodge/Plymouth Colt, Chrysler Valiant Lancer, Chrysler Lancer, Eagle Summit, Hindustan Lancer, Soueast Lioncel, Mitsubishi Mirage in various countries at different times, has been sold as the Mitsubishi Galant Fortis in Japan since 2007, it has been sold as Mitsubishi Lancer Fortis in Taiwan with a different facelift than the Galant Fortis. In Japan, it was sold at a specific retail chain called Car Plaza. Between its introduction in 1973 and 2008, over six million units were sold. According to Mitsubishi, there were nine generations of development before the current model. Mitsubishi ended production of the Lancer in August 2017 worldwide, with the exception of Taiwan and Mainland China; the first Lancer was launched in February 1973. It served to fill the gap between the larger Galant; the sporting 1600 GSR model began the Lancer's long and successful rally history, winning the Safari Rally twice and the Southern Cross Rally four times.
There were four body styles, two- and four-door sedans, a two-door hardtop coupe and a long-running five-door station wagon. Engines were different 1.2-liter, 1.4-liter, 1.6-liter fours. This car was marketed under a variety of names: Dodge Colt in the United States, Plymouth Colt in Canada, Dodge Lancer in some Latin American countries, Chrysler Valiant Lancer in Australia, Colt Lancer in some European markets. In February 1975 the Lancer was complemented by a hatchback called the Lancer Celeste, succeeding the Galant FTO, it was called the Mitsubishi Celeste or Colt Celeste in some markets. Four-door Lancer assembly began in New Zealand in 1975, supplementing the larger English Hillman Avengers built locally by importer Todd Motors; the Celeste was imported built-up from Japan and assembly of a single 1.6- liter, manual transmission model began in 1978 followed by a minor facelift about a year later. The Celeste was available with 1.4- and 1.6-liter options, while a bigger 2.0-liter model was added later.
An larger 2.6-liter four was available in the US-market Plymouth Fire Arrow. The Celeste was facelifted in 1978, receiving bigger squarer bumpers. Production of the Lancer Celeste ended in July 1981 and it was replaced by the front-wheel drive Cordia in early 1982. In 1979, the all new Lancer EX was unveiled in Japan, its new and aerodynamic styling with integrated plastic bumpers reflected that of the introduced Galant and Sapporo. It was of a more European appearance than earlier Mitsubishi vehicles. More spacious, it grew in all dimensions. Only two engines were offered at first, a 1.4-liter MCA-JET equipped engine paired with Mitsubishi's Silent Shaft Technology, which generated 80 PS and a 1.6-liter engine that generated 85 PS. The MCA-JET system was an new concept when compared with the used carburetor system; the MCA stands for Mitsubishi Clean Air which meant that the EX passed both Japan and US emission standards, while the new cylinder head design of the engine gave way for a Jet valve which introduced an extra swirl of air to the combustion chamber, swirling the fuel-air mixture for a cleaner and more thorough burn.
In addition to these improvements, another breakthrough in the Lancer lineup was the Silent Shaft Technology, two counterbalancing shafts that rotated in opposite directions, cancelling the power pulses inherent in an inline four-cylinder engine. This reduced both engine noise and vibration, provided a smoother driving experience; the 1.8-liter Sirius 80 engines were introduced in the Lancer in 1980, expanding the Lancer's range of engines. A turbocharged, 135 PS engine was added in 1980 for sportier performance, an intercooler system was integrated in the existing turbocharged engine to produce 160 PS in 1983. In 1980, The Lancer EX was introduced with a 1.8-liter turbocharged inline-four option known as the 1800GSR and GT Turbo. The first generation 1800GSR and GT were only available with a turbocharged, non-intercooled 135 PS. New Zealand importer Todd Motors assembled the new Lancer EX from 1980 with 1.6-liter carburetor gasoline engine and a choice of manual or automatic transmission. The model was a popular base for rally cars in that market, with some success.
It was replaced by the front-drive Tredia in 1982 with the Cordia coupe equivalent replacing the earlier Celeste. In Europe, the Lancer EX sold well as its restrained styling better matched the desires of European buyers than its somewhat fussy predecessor. Other considerations concerned handling and the demand for more passenger room, as Mitsubishi tailored the Lancer towards European consumers, it went on sale locally after making its European premier at the 1979 Frankfurt Show. Unlike in Japan, European buyers could get a 1.2-liter option which suited local tax conditions. Claimed outputs in Europe were lower than in the domestic market, with the 1200, 1400, 1600 being good for 40, 50, 60 kW respectively. Here, the Lancer EX was offered with a turbocharged 2.0-liter engine, known as the Lancer EX 2000 Turbo. It managed a top speed of 200 km/h; this model was equipped with electronic fuel injection. A rally version of the Lancer EX 2000 Turbo was made for the 1000 Lakes Rally that gave out 206 kW
The Dacia Logan is a subcompact car produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2004. It is in its second generation and it has been produced as a sedan, station wagon, notchback or pick-up, it has been manufactured at Dacia's automobile plant in Mioveni, at Renault's plants in Morocco, Argentina, Russia, Colombia and India. The pick-up was produced at Nissan's plant in Rosslyn, South Africa, it has been marketed as the Renault Logan, Nissan Aprio, Mahindra Verito, Renault Tondar 90, Lada Largus, Nissan NP200 or Renault Symbol, depending on the existing presence or positioning of the Renault brand. Since its launch, the Dacia Logan is estimated to have reached over 4 million sales worldwide. During a visit to Russia by French President Jacques Chirac, Louis Schweitzer noted that at Lada and Renault dealerships the €6,000 Ladas were selling well while the €12,000 Renaults stayed in the showroom. "Seeing those antiquated cars, I found it unacceptable that technical progress should stop you making a good car for €6,000.".
"I drew up a list of specifications in three words – modern and affordable – and added that everything else was negotiable." The cheapest version of the car is €5,900, the price can reach €11,200, depending on equipment and customs duty.. The Logan was designed from the outset as an affordable car, has many simplified features to keep costs down, it replaces many older cars in production, including the Romanian Dacia 1310 series of Renault 12-based cars. It was launched in June 2004, began marketing in September 2004. Renault had no plans to sell the Logan in Western Europe, but in June 2005, began importing a more expensive version of the car, starting at around €7,500, it was an unexpected success with people wanting an inexpensive, no-frills car they could repair themselves. The Logan was launched in India in April 2007, as a collaboration with Mahindra, who helped Renault cut costs by 15%. India was the first right-hand drive market for the Logan, it was an instant success with impressive sales in the first few months.
Since Mahindra and Renault have parted ways, but the Logan continues to be sold by Mahindra, with technical support from Renault. Its awkward styling has resulted in lower than expected sales; the company has introduced the name Verito to the car, which since only had Mahindra badges. On 1 July 2008 four years after the release of the first Logan, a facelifted version called the Dacia New Logan was announced; the new version features a more attractive and more comfortable interior. This facelift was adopted on the station wagon in October the same year; the Logan is based on the Dacia B0 platform used for the Renault Clio II and for other Renault and Nissan models. It has 50% fewer parts than a high-end Renault vehicle and has a limited number of electronic devices; this makes the car easier and cheaper to repair. Some parts are much simpler than those of its competitors. For example, rear-view mirrors are symmetrical and can be used on either side of the car, the windshield is flatter than usual, the dashboard is a single injection-molded piece.
The developers have taken into account several differences between road and climate conditions in developed and developing countries. The Logan suspension is soft and strong, the chassis sits visibly higher than most other compact cars to help it negotiate dirt roads and potholes on ill-maintained asphalt roads; the engine is specially prepared to handle lower quality fuel, whereas the air conditioning is powerful enough to lower the temperature several degrees. In Romania, it was available in four trim levels: Ambiance, Preference and Ambition; the basic trim level, featured a driver airbag, body-coloured bumpers, wheel trims and electric door locks. The second trim level, added a passenger airbag, power steering, electric front windows, a radio, two rear seat head restraints and remote locking; the third trim level, added front fog lights, air conditioning, a trip computer, electric mirrors, three rear seat head restraints and a multi-adjustable driver seat. The top trim level, Ambition had ABS, electric rear windows, a CD player and alloy wheels.
The 1.6-litre petrol engine was only available starting with the Preference trim level. In September 2005, the 1.5-litre diesel engine was introduced not being available on the Ambition trim level. In January 2006, a new intermediate trim level called Laureate Plus was added, which in addition to the Laureate trim level featured ABS, electric rear windows and a CD player; the diesel engine became available for the Ambition trim level. In September 2006, several improvements were introduced to the range, such as a new button for the trunk lid, a new knob for the gear lever, crystal rear lamps, as well as new designs for the wheel trims and the alloy wheels in addition to three new paint colours; the new top of the range level Prestige was introduced, which featured larger door mirrors, body-coloured bumpers, side moldings and door handles, leather-trimmed gear lever and steering wheel, as well as other interior refinements. It was only available with a new 1.6-litre 16-valve petrol engine. In July 2007, a more powerful version of the 1.5-litre diesel engine was added, d
The Dacia Sandero is a subcompact car produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2007 at its second generation. It is marketed as the Renault Sandero in certain markets, such as Russia, South Africa and South America, it was introduced in September 2007, is based on the Logan platform. It is produced in Iran by Pars Khodro and marketed as Renault Sandero. With a shorter wheelbase than the sedan from which it derives, the Sandero was developed at Renault's Technocentre near Paris, France, in conjunction with the regional engineering centers based in Brazil and Romania, it was revealed for the first time at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show, made its formal market debut in Brazil, as a Renault model, in December 2007, being the first Renault model to debut outside Europe. It was launched subsequently in Europe as a Dacia model at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2008. Renault began manufacturing the Sandero in South Africa in February 2009, in December 2009, in Russia.
A Renault version is manufactured in Colombia for its home market and for export to countries including Chile. In May 2011, Renault launched in Brazil a facelifted version of Sandero, which enjoys a new face and a revised interior. In Colombia, the facelifted versions of the Renault Sandero and the Renault Stepway were revealed at the beginning of 2012 with some differences from the other versions sold, such as the location of the doors locks and the passenger's airbag. On the passive safety front, Sandero has been designed to meet the requirements of European regulations. Depending on equipment level, Dacia Sandero comes with up to four airbags. In terms of active safety Dacia Sandero features the latest generation Bosch 8.1 ABS which incorporates EBD and EBA. Euro NCAP rated the Dacia Sandero fitted with the basic level of safety equipment and crash tested the car equipped with the'safety pack', standard on some variants, optional on others; the crash test for basic level Dacia Sandero equipped with front seatbelt load limiters, driver frontal airbag and front passenger frontal airbag, scored 3 stars for adults, 4 stars for children occupants and 1 star for pedestrians.
Adult Occupant:, score 25 Child Occupant:, score 38 Pedestrian:, score 6The EuroNCAP test for the'safety pack' model equipped with side body and head airbags and front seatbelt pretensioners, received a score of 31 for adults, 38 for children occupants and 6 for pedestrians, these results being rated as 4 from 5 stars for adults and children occupants. Adult Occupant:, score 31 Child Occupant:, score 38 Pedestrian:, score 6 Renault do Brasil, the Brazilian outfit of French car manufacturer Renault, released in October 2008 the Sandero-based crossover Stepway, ten months after launching the Sandero brand there; the Brazilian Stepway has a 1.6 litre 112 bhp 16 valve engine, the Hi-Flex one with bio-ethanol abilities, it is marketed in Brazil, Colombia and Mexico. The European version, unveiled on May 7, 2009 at Barcelona International Motor Show under the Dacia brand, is available in most of the European markets as of September 2009. Dacia Sandero Stepway comes with a 1.6 litre and 90 bhp petrol engine or 1.5 dCi 70 bhp diesel engine.
The second generation Sandero was revealed by Dacia at the 2012 Paris Motor Show. The new Stepway variant was presented; the hatchback model and the mini crossover version were spotted covered in camouflage during 2012, in the months of June and September, CGI impressions of the new model were released by car magazines Auto Bild and Za Rulem. Official photos with the new Sandero were released by Dacia on 17 September 2012, showing an exterior design theme similar to the new Logan and a dashboard inspired from Lodgy. In Romania, the new Sandero and Sandero Stepway could be ordered from 1 October 2012, it became available in the United Kingdom, where it joined the Duster in dealerships from 2013, being the most affordable car on the market. In June 2014, it was launched as the new Renault Sandero in Brazil, where it is manufactured for the South American markets. Sales in Russia began in September 2014; the current Sandero model is produced in Mioveni, Romania for RHD markets such as United Kingdom, Ireland and South Africa, it is produced in Algeria by Renault Algeria since beginning of 2016 for the local market.
In May 2013, the second generation Dacia Sandero achieved a four star EuroNCAP overall rating for basic level, improving on the previous basic model’s three star score. The car received a score of 29 pts for adults, 39 pts for children occupants, 21 pts for pedestrians and 5 pts for safety assist, these results being rated as 5/5 stars for adult and child occupant protections, 4/5 stars for pedestrian protection and safety assist. Adult Occupant: Child Occupant: Pedestrian: Safety Assist: In August 2014, Renault Sport CEO Patrice Ratti revealed to Autocar magazine that a hot hatch RS version of Sandero was in the works, following test cars being spotted in early to mid 2015. Using the 150 PS 2.0 16v F4R engine, capable of accelerating from 0 to 62 mph in 8.0 seconds, the Sandero RS is the first Renault Sport to be manufactured outside France. It was released in September 2015 in Brazil, different from the normal versions with three types of ECU control: normal and sport+, four disc brakes with ABS, Clio RS steering wheel, electronic stability program and a six speed manual transmission.
In January 2013, British magazine What Car