Maltese Premier League
The Maltese Premier League, known as BOV Premier League for sponsorship reasons, is the top level league for football in Malta. The league was first competed in 1909, in the Maltese football system, there are three divisions under the Premier League, they are, the First, Second and Third divisions. At the end of the 2012–13 season, UEFA ranked the Maltese Premier League 44th out of 53 members in their coefficient calculation for UEFA club competitions, each team plays each other three times. During every season, which is held between August and May, the 12 teams play against each other twice, once each club had played 22 matches, each team has their points total halved. Each team then plays each other once more after the halving of the points, the Premier League Standing Committee is a body composed of the Premier League club presidents who represent their club on a board. These do not have powers but are a formal body that has official influence with regards to rules, regulations. From time to time the committee makes proposals to the respective, Malta rose four places in the UEFA League Coefficient in 2010–11 and a further 3 in 2011–12, as a result they gained a slot in UEFA club competitions, effective from the 2012–13 season. Prior to the 2012–13, the Maltese champions entered the first qualifying round of the Champions league, Malta Football Association League321. com – Maltese football league tables, records & statistics database. Malta – List of Champions and Runners-Up, RSSSF. com
Birkirkara Football Club is a football club based in the town of Birkirkara, the largest town on the island of Malta. The club was formed in 1950, following the amalgamation of Birkirkara United, Birkirkara currently play in the Maltese Premier League, which it has won on four occasions, most recently in the 2012–13 season. Birkirkara also has a Futsal team under the same name, Birkirkara is one of the founding members of the European Club Association. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note 1, match forfeited, result set to 0–3 by UEFA
Msida Saint-Joseph F.C.
Msida Saint Joseph Football Club – usually referred to as Msida St. Joseph – is a Maltese football club from the town of Msida, which currently plays in the Maltese First Division. The origins of football in Msida stretch back to, at least,1908, as far as we could ascertain the first team to be founded in the district was Msida United. This team played its game on November 7,1908 against the Lyceum FT. Msida United continued to play the game of friendly football up to March 1910 when they took part in the Junior Cup competition organised by the MFA. As luck would have it, Msida United were drawn against another team from Msida in the semi finals, St Josephs United had just been founded when the two rivals met at Rinella Football Ground on March 10,1910. Msida United won a hard-fought game 2–1, in the final however, Msida United lost 1–0 to Sliema United. In 1910, the National Football Ground was opened in Pietà, huge crowds filled this venue, no matter which teams were playing. This prompted the owners of the ground to organise a cup competition between the best Maltese teams of the time, Msida United met Valletta United in the quarter-finals on April 9,1910. Being primarily a team, the Msidians could not cope with the burly Valletta players and they were well. This defeat spelt the end of Msida United, after this game, they disappeared completely from the local football scene. In the meantime, St Josephs United were busy enhancing their reputation with some excellent displays of fast flowing football, the star of the team was undoubtedly Salvu Troisi who was destined to become one of the greatest Maltese footballers ever. The support of the people of Msida was diverted from Msida United to St Josephs United, therefore, it was the latter who went down in the history books as the first team to represent Msida in the Maltese Football League. In November 1909, the editor of the Daily Malta Chronicle offered a cup to the students of the Lyceum, the offer was accepted but, later on, lack of participation forced the organisers to hold the competition in the form of a league. St Josephs were one of the five members of the Civilian Football League. St Josephs made their debut in the league on October 13,1910 against the Boys Empire League, the Saints had a good start, winning an interesting game by three goals to two. Then, in their match they had a walkover against the University FT. With four points under their belt, the team from Msida entered the ground for the game against Sliema Wanderers in defiant mood, things however did not go as expected for them. When, midway through the half, the Wanderers took a 2–1 lead, angry spectators invaded the pitch
Dingli Swallows F.C.
Dingli Swallows Football Club is a Maltese football club from the small village of Ħad-Dingli, which currently plays in the Maltese Third Division. The club was founded in 1948, the club was founded soon after the end of World War II, thus being one of the first Maltese football clubs. The following season they were promoted to the First Division after winning 5–3 a decider against Siggiewi to fill in the place vacated after that Luxol St. Andrew, s and they survived in the First Division for five seasons, until they were relegated back to Division Two. After a few years struggling in Division Two, they were promoted to the First Division again as Division Champions at the end of season 2006–07 under coach Jesmond Zammit, during the successive season they managed to win the First Division Cup for the first time in their history. From there they never looked back and on May 19,2009, the club beat Vittoriosa Stars 2–1 at the Corradino Stadium in the championship decider match. The major hero of this achievement was Coach Jesmond Zammit, a former player and their first season in the Maltese premier League was a very difficult one and the Swallows under coach Jesmond Zammit managed only two victories – against Floriana 2–1 and against Msida SJ 5–2. They were relegated back to the First Division finishing at the 9th place just in front of Msida SJ, at the end of the season 2011/12 Dingli Swallows only just managed to retain their First Division status finishing just one position above the relegation zone. At the end of season 2012–2013, after 3 seasons competing in the First Division and this happened mainly due to the fact that the team was dismantled during the last Christmas transfer window. The funds gained from transfers of the players, were used mainly to fund the project of renovation of the clubs facilities, when season 2013–2014 came to an end, the club managed to retain its position in the Maltese Second Division. This was possible thanks to a good run in the second part of the season. The current coaches took over from Mr. Jason Cachia, who was appointed Technical Director, unluckily, at the end of season 2014–2015 the Swallows were relegated to the MFA Third Division, after more than two decades playing in higher divisions. During the following season quite a few youngsters were introduced to the first squad, although, the Swallows did not get promoted, they ended at the upper part of the table. The aim of the season was reached, that of gaining more experience so that in the future the Club can try to aim for higher divisions. Currently club veteran Joseph Cuschieri is chairman of the club and Mr Carmelo Muscat is the clubs Secretary, a position which he has held for decades. It was inaugurated by Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, in the 1980s it was refurbished and enlarged and several youth and reserve leagues matches were held there for the following years. During the last years an extensive refurbishment of this ground was taking place to transform it in a stadium which can host matches from the youth. With the help of the UEFA grassroots programme, the MFA and the Government of Malta through the Good Causes Fund, new dressing rooms and a gym were constructed under the pitch. A new floodlighting system was erected, there will be also a small stand for spectators
Valletta Football Club is a Maltese football club based in Valletta, the capital city of Malta. Valletta Football Club was founded in 1943, as a merger of Valletta Prestons, Valletta St. Pauls, Valletta also have a futsal team which participates in Maltas top futsal league. There is no evidence on when Valletta F. C. started. The foundation of Valletta F. C. was laid with the creation of the Valletta United team, Valletta United was known as the team of the square since the club was located in St. Georges Square. Valletta United represented the city from 1904 to 1932, the city of Valletta in Malta has a long footballing history, between 1886 and 1919 at some point or another, around fourteen teams had competed representing the city. Amongst these early teams included the popular Boys Empire League, Valletta College, St. Georges Square, Dockyard Albion, a very important early step in the history of the current club, was the founding of Valletta United Football Club in 1903 by local youngsters. Despite their enthusiasm for the game which had brought to the island by the British. They cut their white trousers into long shorts and dyed their shirts into that of the colours for their uniforms. The Ditch at Porte des Bombes, which itself had been the scene of the first ever recorded Maltese football match in 1886, was chosen to host Valletta Uniteds first match on 9 January 1904. United faced off against a team from the Collegiate School and won 1–0 with a strike from a forward named L. Agius. During their last ever season, Valletta United upset the two clubs in Malta of the time, by winning the Maltese League in 1931–32. Although Sliema and Floriana dominated the scene in those times, by winning these trophies it was Valletta United that started to break into this monopoly. Valletta United were very active in the Championship of the first division, during the period that Valletta United played within the Malta Football Association, Valletta United won the championship in 1931–32. However, for reason in the following season, Valletta United disappeared from the football scene and thus the monopoly of Sliema. Valletta United was the not the team from the city that played in the highest Division of the M. F. A. In the 1925–26 and the 1926–27 seasons there were Valletta Rovers who played in the highest Division of the M. F. A, then in the season 1937–38 and 1938–39 there was Valletta City. In 1996–97 Valletta F. C. won all five competitions that the Maltese football offers and this was done by succeeding to win the Premier League, Rothmans Trophy, Super Five Cup, Lowenbrau Cup and Super Cup. In the season 2000–01, Valletta F. C. succeeded in breaking their own record from 1996–97 and this time they won the six competitions offered by the M. F. A
Sliema Wanderers F.C.
Sliema Wanderers Football Club, nicknamed tax-Xelin, are Maltas most successful football team hailing from the town of Sliema, which currently plays in the Maltese Premier League. The club was founded in 1909, the club competed in the first ever Maltese Premier League season in 1909–10 and finished in second position to Floriana after the five game season came to an end. Sliema Wanderers also hold the record for the most FA Trophy wins, with their first coming in 1935, with all these honours, Sliema Wanderers are currently the most successful team in the history of Maltese football with approximately 113 honours. Sliema Wanderers train at the Tigne Sports Complex, in Sliema, Sliema Wanderers also have a futsal team, which participates in Maltas top futsal league. Sliema Wanderers have their own group, which is called the Sliema Wanderers Supporters Club. The supporters group was started by Joe Debono and Mario Avallone, since 2008, a group of young Sliema fans formed the group known as Sliema Ultras Blue Gladiators 2008 better known as. This young group is not only known to support the Blues at football but also Waterpolo, Futsal, Rugby, Hockey and many sports that includes the name. The clubhouse is on Tower Street and welcomes visitors, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. As the worlds fifth-largest country by area and population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to wildlife, a variety of ecological systems. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, in 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a state governed under a constitutional monarchy. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, the country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup détat. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, Brazils current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, Brazils economy is the worlds ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP as of 2015. A member of the BRICS group, Brazil until 2010 had one of the worlds fastest growing economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition. Brazils national development bank plays an important role for the economic growth. Brazil is a member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, CPLP. Brazil is a power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs. One of the worlds major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years and it is likely that the word Brazil comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast. In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil commonly given the etymology red like an ember, formed from Latin brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a red dye, it was highly valued by the European cloth industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. The popular appellation eclipsed and eventually supplanted the official Portuguese name, early sailors sometimes also called it the Land of Parrots. In the Guarani language, a language of Paraguay, Brazil is called Pindorama
Camilo da Silva Sanvezzo is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a forward for Querétaro in the Liga MX. Camilo began his career in the ranks of Oeste Paulista Esporte Clube. In 2009 he moved to Corinthians Alagoano and remained one year before taking his career to Europe. Come midseason Qormi received an offer from a South Korean club for the striker, although they rejected the offer, explaining the bid was too small and Camilos important role at the club. Camilo played a role in Qormis successful season, scoring 24 goals in 22 league matches – an average of more than one goal per game. On 7 July 2010, Camilo moved to K-League side Gyeongnam, Camilo struggled to capture the form that made him a prolific scorer in Malta. With Gyeongnam he appeared in seven games without scoring a goal, however, he did score six goals in seven appearances for the clubs B team. Camilo trialed with Vancouver Whitecaps FC of Major League Soccer prior to the 2011 season and his trial was successful and the club signed him on 17 March 2011. He made his debut for the Whitecaps as a substitute in their opening game of the 2011 season against Toronto FC. Camilo was named as the Whitecaps FC Player of the Year for his contributions to the team during the 2011 season, including a team-high 12 goals, Camilo signed a contract extension with Vancouver on 1 February 2012. However, Camilo did not have a start to the year. He did not regain his consistent form until the games of the season. Camilo scored a goal and added 3 assists in a 4-0 win against Chivas USA, in total, Camilo tallied five goals and 7 assists in 28 matches during the 2012 Major League Soccer season, compared to 12 goals and 3 assists the prior season. Camilo rebounded from a mediocre 2012 season to be considered a potential league MVP candidate in 2013, during the season, Camilo tallied 6 assists. Additionally, Camilo closed the 2013 season with a hat-trick at home against Colorado Rapids to win the MLS scoring race with 22 goals, following his impressive season, Camilo was the subject of interest from Rosenborg, Norways most decorated club. However, at time, Whitecaps president Bob Lenarduzzi indicated that Camilo was under contract. However, Whitecaps management quickly stated that there was no truth to the rumors, however, despite the denial a deal had been reached, Camilo continued to train with Querétaro. Whitecaps officials labelled Camilos behaviour as unacceptable and inappropriate and unprofessional, fan reaction was split, with anger directed both at Camilo and the Whitecaps front office for how the situation was handled
Floriana Football Club is a semi-professional Maltese football club in the town of Floriana that currently plays in the Maltese Premier League. It has one of the largest fan followings on the islands and remains the most successful club in Maltese history, in all, Floriana F. C. has won 25 national leagues and 19 FA Trophies. It is also the team from Malta to have qualified from the qualifying rounds to the first round proper of the UEFA Champions League. Floriana Football Club was founded in 1894 with the inauguration of the football ground officiated by Queen Alexandra, the site was a cricket ground from 1890 till its conversion project. Together with St. Georges FC, is one of the two oldest clubs in Malta, during that period, football in Malta was introduced by the British Servicemen who were stationed on the island, which was then a colony of the British Empire. The club is affiliated to the Malta Football Association which in turn is a member of both UEFA and FIFA, Floriana Football Club has won the major Maltese League championship 25 times and the U*BET FA TROPHY19 times. Floriana also have a team which participates in Maltas top futsal league. Football was introduced in Malta at the end of the 19th Century by the British troops stationed on the island, at that time Malta formed part of the British Empire and, the Island was the base of British forces in the heart of the Mediterranean. The forces barracks, which were located around the island of Malta, enjoyed large areas that were used as parade grounds, training areas. The sports practised by the soldiers were mainly cricket, hockey, the British forces in Malta were mainly stationed in Floriana, Cospicua, Mtarfa, Marsa and Sliema. The locals who were influenced by the soldiers stationed in the area were introduced to these sporting activities, the most popular sport amongst the residents of Floriana was football, however some also practised cricket and hockey. Floriana still has its club, carrying the name Floriana Young Stars Hockey Club. Between 1894 and 1905 the clubs colours were green/red quartered shirts, black shorts with green, the official colours of the club as we know them today, green and white vertical striped shirts, white shorts and green/white horizontal striped socks, were introduced in 1905. At that time the Royal Dublin Fusiliers were stationed in Floriana, during that year, three friendly matches were held between this regiment and FFC. At the end of the match both teams exchanged their shirts and later the FFC changed their official colours to their green. The regiment left the Island for India in that same year, the ties between Floriana and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers were so strong that the people hailing from Floriana were nicknamed after the Irish, Tal-Irish. The clubs mascot is the lion, which features prominently on the clubs badge since 1936 together with the Latin motto Ex Ludis Virtus, in this regard the clubs badge represents the fierceness of the lion together with the virtues of sportsmanship. The lion was chosen as the mascot for two general reasons attributed to history of Floriana
Hamrun Spartans F.C.
Hamrun Spartans Football Club is the football team of Ħamrun on Malta. Since being founded in 1907, the Hamrun Spartans have won a total of seven league championships and they have also been runners-up eleven times. One of the stalwarts in the history, Stefan Sultana, has scored a total of 252 goals in his career. Hamrun Spartans were founded in 1907, by season 1913–14, Hamrun Spartans were already an established team on the local scene winning the title during that season thanks to a better goal-average than St. Georges. Their second League success came four years later when they finished again in joint top-spot with St. Georges and this time the Spartans were crowned Champions of Malta by beating them in a play-off. Hamruns top player at that time was Gejtu Psaila, known as il-Hacca, in the 1920s and 1930s, the club went through a difficult period as most Hamrun players left to join other clubs. A new team, Hamrun Liberty was formed and in just a couple of years, on their return to the First Division in 1946–47, the club changed its name to Hamrun Spartans. They were soon a hit as they won the Johnnie Walker Championship Trophy and they won the Cassar Cup again in 1948–49 season. For four times between 1947 and 1952 they were four times runners-up, the team started dwindling down in the 60s until they were relegated in the season 1969–70. After returning to the First Division, they were relegated again in 1973–74. However, after two years in the Second Division, they were back in the First Division, on the 75th anniversary, in season 1982–83, the club was back at the top winning the title after an absence of 36 years. Hamrun also managed to win the FA Trophy during that season and that was the beginning of an era under the guide of president Victor Tedesco. The team was strengthened with top players like Gigi Salerno, Raymond and George Xuereb, Edwin Farrugia, Raymond Vella, Joe Brincat and Carlo Seychell. The Spartans set a new record being the first local team to win both the home and away legs in a UEFA competition after beating Ballymena of Northern Ireland. In a decade, Hamrun managed to win three titles, three FA Trophies, the Super Cup and Euro Cup twice each. After such successful campaigns, the Spartans faced financial difficulties, the team had to transfer its best players until finally they were relegated to the First Division in 1998–99. After one year, they were promoted back to the Premier League after winning the Division 1 title, the last four seasons were years of ups-and-downs. The team won the Maltese First Division in 2006–07 and this season was also a great success to its supporters after winning the Malta Best Support Award
Qormi Football Club is a Maltese football club from the city of Qormi, that currently plays in the Maltese First Division. Qormi Football Club was founded in 1961 after the amalgamation of Qormi Youngsters and Qormi United, the club thus celebrated the 50th anniversary in 2011. Qormi Football Club is affiliated with the Malta Football Association which is the main body in Malta. The Qormi FC Youth Nursery is a sub-committee of Qormi FC, Qormi Football Grounds are situated in Valletta Road, Qormi and the amenities includes pitches, a conference hall, fitness centre, bar and the Qormi FC Youth Nursery Headquarters. Qormis official colours are Yellow and Black, qormis biggest arch rivals are Zebbug Rangers from neighbouring town of Zebbug, Malta. The club has spent some of its seasons yo-yo-ing from one division to another, season 2007–08 was the best ever season in the clubs recent history. Qormi clinched a second finish in the Maltese First Division, following a hardly fought play-off penalty win against Mosta. Season 2008–09 will be the first season that Qormi will spend in the highest echelons of Maltese football since the old First Division was renamed the Premier League. To prepare for their first Maltese Premier League campaign, Qormi brought in ten new signings, the team performed well in pre-season friendlies. In a press release, the clubs committee expressed its aim to stay in top flight, nevertheless, Qormi still struggled against relegation like most newly promoted teams in the Premier League. Promotion was only achieved on the very last day of the league, season 2009–10 saw Qormi achieving a historical stint in the Maltese top-flight, as well as in the FA Trophy. The success was aided with arguably the best signing in the clubs history. Camilo finished top scorer in the league with 24 goals in 22 appearances where Qormi finished in the third place, Qormi then had to play a decider match to determine the taker of the Europa League spot for the next season, a match which Qormi lost to Sliema 0–2. Qormi also could have achieved a spot through the cup, however, albeit making it to the final, after the departure of Camilo and other players, as well as coaches Jesmond Zerafa and Vincent Carbonaro, Qormi faced a difficult season the year after. Also notable was the change in staff at the beginning of the season. During the season, Azzopardi utilised various youth players coming up from the Youth Nursery, Qormi kept struggling season after season, with the occasional fluke in the Maltese FA Trophy. Qormi reached the three times, all as runners-up, in 2009–10, 2011–12 and 2012–13. The yellow-blacks celebrated their 50th anniversary during season 2011–12, the club kept on struggling to avoid relegation, while enthusiasm for football in the city of Qormi began to wane
Tarxien Rainbows F.C.
Tarxien Rainbows Football Club are a football team from Tarxien, a town in southern Malta. They currently play in the Maltese Premier League, the club were founded as Little Rainbows in 1944, and participated in the Maltese Premier League for the 2009–10 season. The club was promoted to the best division after finishing as champions in the Maltese First Division in 2007–08, in 2008–09 the club finished level on points with fellow strugglers Hamrun Spartans and Msida St. Joseph. Hamrun had the worst head to record and were relegated. In 2009–10 the season was different for the Rainbows as they managed to place 5th in the table. In season 2009–10, Tarxien Rainbows placed fifth in the pool above eternal rivals Hibernians. As well, in season 2009–10 Tarxien Rainbows won the three times in a row making it a historical season. As well, in the same season Tarxien reached the semi-final of the F. A, Trophy and the 100th Anniversary Cup. In the 2010–11 season Tarxien Rainbows finished in the 5th place in the championship pool and it was a good season, finishing the First Round in the 2nd place. They had two derbies to play because their rivals Hibernians finished in the pool, one winning it and made it four derby wins in one year. In the same season they reached the Semi-Final of the U*BET FA Trophy, in the 2011–12 season Tarxien Rainbows avoided relegation with a few games remaining before the end of the season. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Noel Coleiro Patrick Curmi Danilo Dončić Clive Mizzi Jacques Scerri Brian Testaferrata Official website MaltaFootball Club Profile SoccerWay Club Profile
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km south of Italy,284 km east of Tunisia, the country covers just over 316 km2, with a population of just under 450,000, making it one of the worlds smallest and most densely populated countries. The capital of Malta is Valletta, which at 0.8 km2, is the smallest national capital in the European Union, Malta has one national language, which is Maltese, and English as an official language. John, French and British, have ruled the islands, King George VI of the United Kingdom awarded the George Cross to Malta in 1942 for the countrys bravery in the Second World War. The George Cross continues to appear on Maltas national flag, the country became a republic in 1974, and although no longer a Commonwealth realm, remains a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations. Malta was admitted to the United Nations in 1964 and to the European Union in 2004, in 2008, Catholicism is the official religion in Malta. The origin of the term Malta is uncertain, and the modern-day variation derives from the Maltese language, the most common etymology is that the word Malta derives from the Greek word μέλι, meli, honey. The ancient Greeks called the island Μελίτη meaning honey-sweet, possibly due to Maltas unique production of honey, an endemic species of bee lives on the island. The Romans went on to call the island Melita, which can be considered either as a latinisation of the Greek Μελίτη or the adaptation of the Doric Greek pronunciation of the same word Μελίτα. Another conjecture suggests that the word Malta comes from the Phoenician word Maleth a haven or port in reference to Maltas many bays, few other etymological mentions appear in classical literature, with the term Malta appearing in its present form in the Antonine Itinerary. The extinction of the hippos and dwarf elephants has been linked to the earliest arrival of humans on Malta. Prehistoric farming settlements dating to the Early Neolithic period were discovered in areas and also in caves. The Sicani were the tribe known to have inhabited the island at this time and are generally regarded as being closely related to the Iberians. Pottery from the Għar Dalam phase is similar to found in Agrigento. A culture of megalithis temple builders then either supplanted or arose from this early period, the temples have distinctive architecture, typically a complex trefoil design, and were used from 4000 to 2500 BCE. Animal bones and a knife found behind an altar stone suggest that temple rituals included animal sacrifice. Tentative information suggests that the sacrifices were made to the goddess of fertility, the culture apparently disappeared from the Maltese Islands around 2500 BC. Archaeologists speculate that the builders fell victim to famine or disease
Hibernians Football Club is a Maltese association football club based in the town of Paola. The club played one season in 1922 as Constitutionals FC, representing the pro-British Constitutional Party and they started up again in the 1927–28 season and became a top amateur side, winning the Amateur League in 1930–31. Meanwhile, the Constitutional Party had upset the Catholic Church so much that in May 1930 it was made a sin for Catholics to vote for the party. The football club changed its name a year later to Hibernians Football Club as a nod to Hibernian and they won their first match as Hibernians 2–1, against HMS Antelope in October 1931. They had to wait for a place to become available in the professional league and they have stayed in the top division ever since. Hibernians faced a period of decline followed the success of the 1980s to the end of the decade. Hibernians also have a team, which plays in Maltas top futsal league. The clubs home ground is Hibernians Stadium, a stadium in Paola. The squad list includes only the nationality of each player. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Robert Gatt Edmond Lufi Mark Miller Michael Woods Branko Nišević mark miller A womens team plays in the Womens Maltese First Division, the team is the national record champion with twelve titles. The most recent one was won in 2016
Maltese First Division
The Maltese First Division is the second-highest division in Maltese football, behind the Maltese Premier League and above the Maltese Second Division. The league has been running for many years,14 teams take part in the league. The top two teams are promoted to the Maltese Premier League, whilst the three lowest-finishing teams are relegated to the Maltese Second Division, the third place team plays the tenth place team in the Maltese Premier League in a play-off game for promotion. Due to the expansion of the Maltese Premier League starting from the season 2017/18,3 teams will be promoted while the 4th placed team will face the play-off game, on the other hand, only 2 teams will get relegated to the Maltese Second Division. On January 13,2011, the Malta Football Association decided to expand the league to 12 teams as from season 2011–12, the top two placed teams will get promoted to the Maltese Premier League while the 3rd best team will face the play-off. As from the 2017/18 Maltese First Division, only 2 teams will be relegated automatically, League at Maltafootball. com League at soccerway. com League321. com - Maltese football league tables, records & statistics database
Penalty shoot-out (association football)
A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining the winner of an association football match that is drawn after the regulation as well as extra playing time. Although the procedure for taking kicks from the penalty mark resembles that of a penalty kick, most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked. The method of breaking a draw in a match requiring a winner is determined beforehand by the organizing body. Although employed in football commonly since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs remain unpopular with some, during a shoot-out, coaches, players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle. The kicking teams goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line, goals scored during the shoot-out are not included in the final score, nor are they added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A tie is a result in football. Exceptionally, a shoot-out after a league or round-robin match may be provided for and this provision appears for occasions where opposing teams in a final-day match finish the group with identical records, which can result in an immediate shoot-out. This happened in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Womens Under-19 Championship, several leagues, such as the J-League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs immediately following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, for instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage. The following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark, the procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFABs Laws of the Game document. The referee tosses a coin to decide the goal at which the kicks will be taken, the choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable. The referee tosses the coin a second time to determine which team will take the first kick, all players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitchs centre circle. Each kick will be taken in the manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, which is 12 yards from the line and equidistant from each touch line. Each team is responsible for selecting from the players the order in which they will take the kicks. The referee is not informed of the order, each kicker can kick the ball only once per attempt. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again, no other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper, may touch the ball. The ball may touch the goalkeeper, goal posts, or crossbar any number of times before going into the goal as long as the referee believes the motion is the result of the initial kick
Marsaxlokk Football Club is a Maltese football club from the town of Marsaxlokk, which currently plays in the Maltese Second Division. The club was founded in 1949, Marsaxlokk won the Maltese Premier League title for the first time in their history, after finishing as league champions for the 2006–07 season. Marsaxlokk FC has its headquarters at Vendôme Tower, a historic 18th century redoubt, the first team to Marsaxlokk represented in competitions MFA were Beland City back in 1944. Although the team was formed within the Zejtun, they decided to represent to Marsaxlokk after the MFA adopted the scheme of representation of the district, in 1935, a group of individuals from Marsaxlokk decided to form a football team. Way back in 1894, there were two teams based in Marsaxlokk, Delimara Wanderers and Tas-Silċ Rovers, but these were probably formed by service personnel stationed here. Therefore, the 1935 team could be taken as the first real attempt to set up a team in this peaceful fishing locality down south, memories of the 1894 teams were probably still alive in the 1930s because the new team was named Delimara Rangers. At times, they even had to borrow a ball from the Servicemen at the local RAF Station, the lads, however, did not give up. They found a field which, years after, was transformed into an RAF hanger as well as their training ground. This team, however, did not last long, some friendly matches were played but the outbreak of the Second World War stopped their activities short. After World War II, a number of teams could be formed, Marsaxlokk White Stars took part in the Amateur Cup and in 1955 they applied to take part in competitions organized by the MFA. The White Stars played their first friendly against Little Rainbows on 11 November 1949, the team from Marsaxlokk won 3–1. Other matches followed until 1953–54 when Marsaxlokk took part in the Amateur Cup organised by the Malta FA, Marsaxlokk played their first match in the competition on 29 March 1953, losing 0–4 to Sliema Shamrocks. The next season, they beat Mellieħa FC before losing 4–1 to Melita in the semi-finals, in 1955–56, Marsaxlokk White Stars applied successfully to take part in the Third Division but after only one year they were relegated and lost their league status. This was followed by a period for the team from Marsaxlokk. Interest hit rock bottom and for the next 10 years the only survived by taking part in amateur competitions. Then, in 1965, Marsaxlokk dropped the prefix White Stars from their name and their application was accepted and that season they took part in the Third Division. The rest of their story was one of ups and downs, for many years the club alternated between the Third and Second Divisions The association held a series of play-offs to fill the gap that was left team Naxxar Lions in the Third Division. Nevertheless, after two years, the decided to withdraw from the competitions MFA
Birkirkara is a town in the central region of Malta. It is the most populous on the island, with 22,247 inhabitants as of March 2014, the city consists of four autonomous parishes, Saint Helen, Saint Joseph, Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Saint Mary. It is also home to St Aloysius College, the citys motto is In hoc signo vinces, and its coat of arms is a plain red cross, surmounted by a crown. Birkirkara means cold water or running water and this is attributed to the valley in the town. Originally, the name was written as Birchirchara, as influenced by the Italian alphabet which excludes the use of the letter k and it is often abbreviated as Bkara/Kara. Birkirkara is situated in a valley, which is from where its name is derived and it is in fact known for flooding on heavy stormy days. The area has also received embellishment works from time to time, there are many places of interest in Birkirkara, amongst them the Old Railway Station which is today located within a public garden. Trains were used as means of transportation across the island until the Railways closure happened in 1931, other town features include the Wignacourt Aqueduct built in the 17th Century, and St Helens Basilica, housing Maltas largest church bell. Various parishes and suburbs developed out of Birkirkara over the years, including Sliema, St. Julians, Msida, Ħamrun in the 19th century and Santa Venera in the early 20th century. In more recent years, San Ġwann and the hamlet of Ta l-Ibraġ hived off Birkirkara to form part of the new parish and locality of Swieqi in 1993. Birkirkaras main religious feast is that of St Helen which is celebrated on 18 August if it falls on a Sunday, the main event of the celebration is a procession with a large wooden statue carved by the Maltese master-sculptor Salvu Psaila. Notably, this is the procession on the island carried out in the morning. The procession leaves the basilica at exactly 8,00 a. m. the statue is lifted to shoulder-height by a group of townsmen and is carried through the main streets of the town. Birkirkara has grown into an important commercial centre as well as a populated residential area. As a busy town, Birkirkara has an incidence of car accidents. In Birkirkara, the temperature varies from 10.3 to 30.7 °C during a year, Joseph the Worker Parish Church, Triq il-Bwieraq St. Helens Parish Church, Triq is-Santwarju St. Casolani Da Vinci Hospital, Triq Kan. K. The latter is however definitely outshined by Birkirkara F. C. led by Adrian Delia, Birkirkara also eliminated Heart of Midlothian in the 2016-17 UEFA Europa League. Birkirkara Football Club Birkirkara Ultras 1997 Birkirkara St. Joseph Sports Club
Dingli is a village in the Northern Region of Malta, with a population of 3,608 as of March 2014. It is 13 kilometres from the capital Valletta and two kilometers from the nearest town, Rabat, the village lies on a plateau some 250 metres above sea level, which is one of the highest points of Malta. The area provides not only open sea views over the tiny, uninhabited isle of Filfla, from the cliffs there are also views of the nearby Buskett Gardens and Verdala Palace. The name Dingli is believed to be derived from the name of Sir Thomas Dingley, an English knight of the Order of St. John, rock-cut tombs dating back to Phoenician, Carthaginian and Roman times have been found in the limits of Dingli. Roman baths and other remains were found at Għajn Handful. Until the early 16th century, a village known as Ħal Tartarni existed. The village was one of the ten parishes of Malta by 1436. The original church no longer exists, but a chapel built in 1669 with the same dedication is still standing. The noble family Inguanez had a lot of land in the area, over time, the people moved closer towards the fields, abandoning the original village. The new village grew to what is now Dingli. The site of Ħal Tartarni now consists of open fields, the parish of Dingli was established in 1678 and is dedicated to the Assumption of Our Lady into heaven. The church is situated in the centre of the village on a prominent position, the church which one finds today, was built in the form of a Latin cross in the beginning of the 20th Century. The church was modified in the middle of the same century, with the building of a new façade. A more recent development, was the building of the dome during the 60s and 70s, the same church was given the title of Arch parish church by a decree of the Archbishop of Malta on 22 August 2015, the eve of the titular feast of Dingli. The feast of the Assumption in Dingli is celebrated on the first Sunday after the 15th August, the titular statue of Our Lady in the parish is the fifth one in the island, made by Anton Busuttil in 1861. The statue is carved in wood and is used in a procession on the day of the feast each year carried by 8 statue bearers from the parish, the statue was restored twice, in 1934 and 1977. Throughout the rule of the Order of Saint John, Dingli was considered to be safe from corsair attacks because it was impossible for pirates to land in the due to the Dingli Cliffs. The village began to see development after the mid-20th century where the population doubled from 2,000 into the 21st Century
Floriana, also known by its title Borgo Vilhena, is a fortified town in the South Eastern Region area of Malta, just outside the capital city Valletta. It has a population of 2,205 as of March 2014, Floriana is named after Pietro Paolo Floriani, an Italian military engineer who designed the Floriana Lines, the line of fortifications surrounding the town. In Maltese, the town is called Il-Floriana by the local council, however, it is popularly known as Il-Furjana, and the latter is regarded as the official name by the National Council for the Maltese Language. The towns original name was Borgo Vilhena after Grand Master António Manoel de Vilhena. The name Borgo Vilhena is now used as a title, just like Valletta has the title Città Umilissima, the origins of Floriana go back to 1636, when construction of the Floriana Lines commenced. The line of fortifications was built outside the fortifications of Valletta as a defensive line for the capital city. The lines were named after Pietro Paolo Floriani, the Italian military engineer who had designed them, the fortifications were partially defensible by 1640, but construction and modifications continued throughout the 17th and 18th century, being fully completed in the 1720s. The area between the Floriana Lines and the Valletta Land Front began to be built up in 1724, the Assoċjazzjoni Sport Floriana, or Floriana Sports Association, sponsors a number of sports in the town, as well as hosting the Floriana Supporters Club. Saint Publius is one of the saints of Malta and also the patron saint of Floriana. The Archipresbyteral Church of Floriana is dedicated to Saint Publius, traditionally acclaimed as the first Bishop of Malta, according to tradition, Publius received the Apostle Paul during his shipwreck on the island as recounted in the Acts of the Apostles 28, 1–10. Being Maltese makes St. Publius the first Maltese saint and this explains the devotion which St. Publius enjoys around Malta, one finds various chapels and statues scattered around the Maltese Islands which date back to hundreds of years. Pjazza Emm. S. Tonna Pjazza San Kalċidonju Triq il-Konservatorju Triq il-Mall Triq il-Miratur Triq is-Suq Triq l-Argotti Triq l-Iljun Triq l-Isqof M. The National Audit Office along with the Department of Contracts and the Malta Environment, the Floriana Local Council was established in 1993 along with Maltas other local councils to administer the town. It is located at Emmanuel S. Tonna Square, the annual Isle of MTV music festival has been held in Floriana since 2007. Vilhena Band Club was founded in 1874, the first musical director of the band was Mro. Giuseppe Borg, and the first president of the Society was Baldassare Portanier, kevin Borg a Maltese singer and Swedish Idol 2008 winner was born in the town. He moved to Arvidsjaur, Sweden in late 2007 to live with his girlfriend and was soon cast as a contestant on the Swedish Idol series, St. Publius Parish Church, Triq Sarria Floriana Local Council, Pjazza Emanuel S
Paola is a town in the South Eastern Region of Malta, with a population of 7,864 people. It is named after Grand Master Antoine de Paule, who laid the stone in 1626. To encourage migration to Paola, de Paule gave indemnity to the debts of the families who moved there and this account was recorded for the first time by de Solidanis in the eighteenth century. He says that in 1750 the village was not yet a parish on its own, Paola became almost deserted due to a local disease, but became increasingly habitable after intervention by captain Hunn. Paola is renowned for the Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum, its parish church, its beautiful square with shopping centres, the Good Friday procession. There are two churches, one dedicated to Christ the King and the other to Our Lady of Lourdes. The feast of Christ the King is celebrated on the fourth Sunday of July, the parish also has a Franciscan church dedicated to Saint Anthony, in the Għajn Dwieli zone of the parish. St. Ubaldesca Church is the oldest church in Paola and was the first parish church there, in 2008 the church underwent minimal restoration. Villa Perellos, which is dedicated to the grand master, is a landmark of historical importance for the locality. Mariam Al-Batool Mosque, the mosque in Malta, as well as an Islamic Cultural Centre are found in Paola. The countrys correctional facilities and the largest burial grounds, the Addolorata Cemetery are also in this town, the town is a commercial centre in the Southern Harbour area of Malta, about 5 km from the capital Valletta. Although Paola was founded in the 17th century, several remains have been found within the locality. The Hypogeum has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Hypogeum is a large complex of rooms hewn out of the limestone about 11 metres below the surface. It appears to have used as a burial site. Neolithic man carved out the Hypogeum using only antlers and stone picks as tools, the Hypogeum is made up of three levels, which are superimposed upon each other. The upper level resembles the earlier rock-cut tombs found elsewhere on the Islands, the middle level, hewn out during the temple period is made up of numerous chambers. Many statuettes, amulets, figurines and vases were recovered here, the most famous figurine is that of the so-called Sleeping Lady, a reclining figurine, perhaps meant as a representation of eternal sleep. It is on display at the National Museum of Archaeology, Valletta The Kordin Temples were located on a plain that overlooks the Grand Harbour
Hibernians Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Paola, Malta. The Hibernians football ground was inaugurated on 9 November 1986, Hibernians became the first Maltese club to have their own football pitch. Nonetheless, Hibernians play most of their matches in the National Stadium in Ta Qali. The ground is used by Hibernians for their training sessions. It is also used by the Malta Football Association to host matches from the Maltese First Division, the Malta national rugby union team have recently started to use the ground for their international matches. Hibernians played their first European match on this pitch on 23 July 1996 when they played against Uralmash Yekaterinburg in the Intertoto Cup, the Hibernians Stadium consists of two turf pitches. There is a full size football pitch, and a pitch which is approximately half the width of the main pitch. The club house area has five dressing rooms with showers, physiotherapy rooms, the stadium can hold up about 8000 spectators. In the stands there are two different sections, and a VIP area, the ground is also equipped with a scoreboard and floodlighting system
Victor Tedesco Stadium
The Victor Tedesco Stadium is a stadium in Ħamrun, Malta. It has a capacity of 6,000, with 1,800 seated and it is the home ground of Maltese football club Hamrun Spartans, who currently play in the Maltese Premier League. It is used for matches from the Maltese Premier League, the Maltese First Division and it is also used by all the Hamrun Spartans teams from the youth teams to the senior teams for training. The stadium also has a bar, underground dressing rooms, some offices, on 4 June 2010 rugby league was played at the ground. The Malta Knights came from 10–0 down midway through the first half to defeat Norway, 30–20 to win the Rugby League European Federation Bowl
Msida is a harbour town in the Central Region of Malta with a population of 8,545. The town is located just west of Valletta on the northeast coast of Malta, the town enjoys a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry, sunny summers and short, cool winters. The neighbouring towns of Msida are Ta Xbiex, Gżira, San Ġwann, Birkirkara, Santa Venera, Ħamrun, Msida is an important town for all travellers as many of the countrys bus routes pass through it. The patron saint of Msida is Saint Joseph while the protector is The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, for a week and a half in July, the town celebrates the feast of St. Joseph. The feast of Msida is also famous for its traditional game il-Ġostra and its name comes from an Arabic word meaning a fishermans dwelling. However it could also be derived from the word Omm Sidna meaning The Mother of Our Lord since there could have been a chapel dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Msida was previously an old fishing village, although it is now more urbanised, some fishermen still operate in the village. Msida became a parish in 1867, then the settlement was centered on the hovels located inward at Valley Road, and some nearby ancillary roads and pathways which led up to the quaint district of Villambrosa. This status did not last long however, as a new parish Ħamrun was hived off in 1881, today the lowest part of Villambrosa Street remains a silent reminder of Msidas jurisdiction in this area. Msida would also see parts of its territory lost to new parishes at Santa Venera in 1918, Pietà in 1968. Its population, which at one time numbered 11,500, however the recent aforementioned demands as well as residential developments in the outlying suburb of Swatar, have now seen an increase to more than 7600 inhabitants. Swatar also hosts St. Martins College, a secondary school. The city houses many university students, mostly Gozitans, the lower part of Msida lies at the outlet of a valley and is a fulcrum for heavy traffic going to Sliema, Valletta, Birkirkara and Mater Dei Hospital. Msida also hosts an old rock hewn chapel dedicated to the Immaculate Conception, Msida has also experienced a lot of reclamation from the sea. The town centre and surrounding areas which were located below sea-level were all reclaimed from the sea, a new project which intends to catch more surface rainwater running should also considerably remedy a perennial flooding problem which affects this area as well as nearby towns. The Leħen il-Misidjani is produced and edited by the band club the Għaqda Melita Banda San Ġużepp Msida. The Leħen il-Misidjani gathers information on most of the communities, clubs, another newspaper is the Id fId, produced by the Parish and the Għaqda Armar Msida. It contains information on activities, religious activities in Msida
Qormi, also known by its title Città Pinto, is a city in the Southern Region of Malta, located southwest of Valletta in the centre of the island. It has a population of 16,779, which makes it the fifth largest locality in Malta, the bordering towns of Qormi are Marsa, Luqa, Żebbuġ, Siġġiewi, Ħamrun, Birkirkara, Attard, Santa Venera and Balzan. Qormi has two parishes, one dedicated to Saint George and one to Saint Sebastian, there are also two valleys in Qormi, Wied il-Kbir, and Wied is-Sewda. Elder inhabitants of Qormi speak a thick Qormi Dialect, yet this is now in decline, there are indications of it being inhabited in antiquity. Bronze Age pottery was found in the known as Stabal indicating presence of humans as early as 1500-800 BC. Punic tombs have found at St Edwards Street and Tal-Bajjada. Also, some Ancient Roman remains were found in the valley of Wied il-Kbir, however, chances are that in these times, there were only small communities in the whereabouts of Qormi. It was only in the Middle Ages that it started to grow and prosper, probably thanks to its proximity to the Grand Harbour and its central position. The first written reference to the town is made in 1417 where it is recorded that the town provided some 100 men to serve in the Dejma, the national guard. The town is likely to have suffered a period of decline during the Great Siege of Malta due to the proximity of the Turkish camp in Marsa, the present St George Parish church was completed in 1684. In 1743 the town made a plea to Grand Master Manuel Pinto da Fonseca to elevate it to the level of a city and this was granted and the town received the title of Città Pinto on 25 May 1743. Qormis bakers served most of the islands bread supplies, Qormi also experienced plague, which led to some declines throughout its history. However, during the British rule, Qormi moved on with new institutions opening up, following 1850 Qormi became one of the largest inhabited centres in Malta, with amenities such as water and electricity, which were somewhat rare in those times. Trade and crafts grew, especially Horse racing which is a hobby that Maltese often attribute to people from Qormi, during the World Wars, Qormi played a small part as well. In World War II, people from Qormi formed part of the Armed Forces, Qormi also became a refuge to many people from the Cottonera area, which was badly hit because this area sits off the Grand Harbour, and area which was fiercely attacked by the Axis powers. Qormi, although close, is not exactly in the Grand Harbour region, Qormi has two parishes, dedicated to Saint George and Saint Sebastian. Saint Georges parish was the first one, however, when Qormi was growing, there was the need for the city to be split into two parishes to facilitate growth. Saint Sebastian was chosen because Qormi had turned to him during times of plague infestation, since he is the protector and patron saint of people ill from plague and this led to many Qormi citizens carrying the name of Ġorġ and Bastjan and their equivalents and derivatives
Sliema is a town located on the northeast coast of Malta in the Northern Harbour District. It is a residential and commercial area and a centre for shopping, dining. Lining the coastline is a known as the Sliema Front. Romantic moon strolls, barbeques and open air restaurants and cafes have made Sliema the hub of social nightlife, Sliema is also known for its numerous rocky beaches, water sports and hotels. Sliema, which means peace, comfort, was once a fishing village on the peninsula across Marsamxett Harbour from Valletta. The population began to grown in 1853 and the town was declared a parish in 1878, now Sliema and the coastline up to neighbouring St. Julians constitutes Maltas main coastal resort. Sliema is considered a place to live and is relatively affluent. Historically, stylish villas and traditional Maltese townhouses lined the streets of Sliema, Sliema has now been ringed with modern apartment blocks, some of which are amongst the tallest buildings in Malta. This has resulted in significant traffic, parking and construction-related noise pollution issues, residents of Sliema are stereotypically known for their usage of English as a first language, although this is changing in the 21st century due to demographic shifts. Maltese people from Sliema are referred to as Slimiżi, Sliema got its name from the Our Lady of Good Voyage Chapel, that now no longer exists. It periodically served as a point for the sailors and fishermen in Marsamxett Harbour. The name could thus be connected with the first words of the Hail Mary prayer, Sliem is the Maltese word meaning peace. The triconsonantal root of the word is Š-L-M, the construction age of the church is unknown but it was included in a map by the Order of St. John even before being handed the Maltese islands to them. At the Great Siege of 1565, il-Qortin, as it was known, was a camp centre for Turkish troops led by Dragut. He met his fate there, having been killed by a bombardment from Fort St. Elmo at the flank of Marsamxett Harbour. Fort Tigné was eventually built by the Knights of St. John in the late 18th century, in 1855 a new church dedicated to Our Lady Star of the Sea was opened to public worship. Around the new church, the village grew into a town. By 1878, the population grew to such an extent that the authorities had the Stella Maris Church declared a parish in its own right
Tarxien is a town in the South Eastern Region of Malta. Its population stood at 8583 in March 2014, the town is most notable for the Tarxien Temples, a megalithic temple complex which is among the oldest freestanding structures on Earth. It forms part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the etymology of the village may be a corruption of Tirix, meaning a large stone, similar to those used for the villages noted temples. The village motto is Tyrii Genure Coloni, tarxiens population stood at 7,724 villagers in December 2008, which increased to 8,583 by March 2014. The oldest temple here is said to back to about 3600 BCE. The temples feature various statues and reliefs of animals, including goats, most notable of the statues found in the Temples are about 2.5 m in height, and are said to represent a sort of Mother Goddess. There are several of these statues scattered around the various temples, There was also one of three small baked clay figurines in the form of what is said to be a priest that was found here. The church was elevated to the status of parish in 1592, a key part of Ħal Tarxien culture is the feast of the Annunciation, whose feast is celebrated in late May or first Sunday of June. The second largest church in town is dedicated to the Resurrection of Christ better known by the locals as Ta l-Erwieħ, the word means of the souls and it is used due to the old cemetery that surrounds the church. This church is next to the renowned Tarxien Neolithic Temples and is visited by many tourists as many of the prehistoric remains were also found in the mentioned cemetery. There are two small chapels in Ħal Tarxien. These are dedicated to St. Bartholomew and St. Mary respectively, There is also another chapel which is housed in the convent of the Sisters of Charity. This is dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, the same congregation have a school. There is also another church dedicated to St. Nicholas of Tolentino, the Annunciation Band Club http, //www. tarxienbandclub. com There is also another club, a social one, dedicated to Our Lady of Catholic Doctrine. Former Minister Magistrate Dr. Joseph Cassar, former Speaker of the House of the Representatives and Ambassador of Malta to the Vatican, Chev. Dr. Jimmy Farrugia lived at Ħal Tarxien until his death in 2007 and she represented Malta at Eurovision Song Contest 2010
Valletta is the capital city of Malta, colloquially known as Il-Belt in Maltese. The historical city has a population of 6,444, while the area around it has a population of 393,938. Valletta is the southernmost capital of Europe and the second southernmost capital of the European Union after Nicosia, Valletta contains buildings from the 16th century onwards, built during the rule of the Order of St. John also known as Knights Hospitaller. The City of Valletta was officially recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980, the official name given by the Order of Saint John was Humilissima Civitas Valletta—The Most Humble City of Valletta, or Città Umilissima in Italian. The building of a city on the Sciberras Peninsula, originally called Xaghriet Mewwija, had proposed by the Order of Saint John as early as 1524. Back then, the building on the peninsula was a small watchtower dedicated to Erasmus of Formia. In 1552, the watchtower was demolished and the larger Fort Saint Elmo was built in its place, in the Great Siege of 1565, Fort Saint Elmo fell to the Ottomans, but the Order eventually won the siege with the help of Sicilian reinforcements. The victorious Grand Master, Jean de Valette, immediately set out to build a new fortified city on the Sciberras Peninsula to fortify the Orders position in Malta, the city took his name and was called La Valletta. The Grand Master asked the European kings and princes for help, pope Pius V sent his military architect, Francesco Laparelli, to design the new city, while Philip II of Spain sent substantial monetary aid. The foundation stone of the city was laid by Grand Master de Valette on 28 March 1566 and he placed the first stone in what later became Our Lady of Victories Church. De Valette died from a stroke on 21 August 1568 at age 74, originally interred in the church of Our Lady of the Victories, his remains now rest in St. Johns Co-Cathedral among the tombs of other Grand Masters of the Knights of Malta. Francesco Laparelli was the principal designer and his plan departed from medieval Maltese architecture. He designed the new city on a grid plan. The streets were designed to be wide and straight, beginning centrally from the City Gate and ending at Fort Saint Elmo overlooking the Mediterranean and his assistant was the Maltese architect Girolamo Cassar, later oversaw the construction of the city himself after Laparellis death in 1570. The Ufficio delle Case regulated the building of the city as a planning authority, seven Auberges were built for the Orders Langues, and these were complete by the 1580s. An eighth Auberge, Auberge de Bavière, was added in the 18th century. During António Manoel de Vilhenas reign, a town began to form between the walls of Valletta and the Floriana Lines, and this evolved from a suburb of Valletta to Floriana, a town in its own right. In 1749, Muslim slaves plotted to kill Grandmaster Pinto and take over Valletta, in 1798, the Order left the islands and the French occupation of Malta began