The Toto Cup is an association football tournament that exists separately in the two highest divisions in Israel, the Premier League and Liga Leumit. From 1999 to 2009, the Toto Cup tournament was held for the third division which was later canceled due to the cancellation of Liga Artzit. However, the Israeli Sports Betting Council pays 1.25 million NIS for the winner, League cups, in different formats, were played in Israel irregularly since the 1950s. In 1975–76 a League Cup competition was played, won by Hapoel Hadera and Maccabi Ramat Amidar, in 1982 the IFA introduced a league cup, called Lilian Cup, after former IFA treasurer Yehuda Lilian, who died in February 1982. The competition, played at the beginning of the season, involved the top four teams from previous season and its format was changed during its years of play, at times being played in league format and at times being played as a knock-out competition. The competition was last played in 1989–90 and this cup is sometimes being referred as a predecessor of the Toto Cup, but these competitions are unconnected. In 1984–85 the IFA introduced a League Cup competition for the two top tiers of the Israeli football league system. The first round of the competition was played on 30 October 1984, while the first finals, played on 7 May 1985, was won by Maccabi Yavne and Hapoel Ashkelon. The IFA and the Israeli Sports Betting Council reached an agreement in October 2013, the group stages are usually played before the opening of the football leagues and take place from August to October, and the finals take place in January. The 14 teams in league are divided into three groups, Five teams in two groups, and four teams in one group, each team plays against each team once. The two teams placed last in group are eliminated with the rest of teams advance to the quarterfinals. The group stages are played before the opening of the football leagues and take place from August to September. The 16 teams in league are divided into four groups, four teams in each group, each team plays against each team once, making a total of three games for each team. The best two teams in each group advances to the quarterfinals, until 2009, the eight teams that played in the quarterfinals played in a regular knock-out, two meetings for each team in the quarterfinals. Each team played one meeting at their home in the order determined in a raffle, since the 2012–13 season, Al teams play each other twice in the quarterfinals while Leumit play each other once. The four winning teams who progressed to the play against their opponent once. The two winners reaches the final and the winner is the cup winner. The final and the Toto Cup semifinals are all played in the same stadium, from the quarterfinals and above if a match is drawn, the game is settled with extra time and penalty shootouts
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. The country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israels economy and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, in 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency for Palestine, next year, the Jewish Agency declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and it extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israels occupation of the Palestinian territories is the worlds longest military occupation in modern times, efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed, the population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2017 to be 8,671,100 people. It is the worlds only Jewish-majority state, with 74. 8% being designated as Jewish, the countrys second largest group of citizens are Arabs, at 20. 8%. The great majority of Israeli Arabs are Sunni Muslims, including significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins, other minorities include Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Black Hebrew Israelites, Circassians, Maronites and Samaritans. Israel also hosts a significant population of foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia, including illegal migrants from Sudan, Eritrea. In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish, Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature, Israel is a developed country and an OECD member, with the 35th-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2016. The country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the third highest in Asia, in the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term Israeli to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel. The name Israel in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, jacobs twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. The earliest known artifact to mention the word Israel as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, Islam
Beitar Jerusalem F.C.
Beitar Jerusalem Football club is an Israeli professional football club from Jerusalem, Israel. Founded in 1936 and plays in the Israeli Premier League, Beitar were the 1986–87, 1992–93, 1996–97, 1997–98 and 2006–07, 2007–08 champions of the Israeli Premier League and the winners of Israeli Cup, and Israeli Supercup. The club is based at the Teddy Stadium in the Malha neighborhood, Beitar Jerusalem was founded in 1936 by David Horn as a youth team. The first games were held against Armenian and Arab teams in Jerusalem, the club was dismantled in 1938 after one of its managers was arrested by the British Mandate authorities and another was shot and injured in another incident. Beitars troubles were linked to its connections with the Irgun underground with which David Horn. In 1942, the club was reestablished, this time as a club for adults rather than just a youth team, politics again became a problem, with British soldiers and policemen often attending Beitar games to spy and identify the faces of the players. 15 April 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 1–1,22 April 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 2–2. 13 May 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 3–2,20 May 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Allwain 1–3. Later, Beitar Jerusalem qualified for the final, which was to be held against the team of the Paymasters of the British mandate, on 19 October 1944, several club players were among 251 persons who were deported to Eritrea, Kenya and Sudan by the British Mandate Authorities. Among the deportees were David Horn and Rabinovich and some members of Beitar Jerusalems First team of 1936, a Beitar Jerusalem team was set up in Gilgil where many deportees played in city-of-origin based teams. A big running away plan was made involving a tunnel dug from the centre of a pitch in old Gilgil detention camp in Kenya. Two of the deportees were murdered by Sudanese guards for an alleged escaping attempt, all living deportees reached Israel in July 1948. With Shmuel Kirshtein left in Jerusalem, Beitar continued to exist in Jerusalem in its name, both games were held in Beirut. The British ambassador intervened, suggesting that the Union Jack is raised instead of the Eretz Yisrael flag, simon Alfasi, Shimon Stern, Yisrael Yehezqel and goalkeeper Yosef Meyuhas were the Beitar Jerusalem players in the trip. In 1946, Beitar Jerusalem qualified to the 2nd round of the Cup Games against Maccabi Tel Aviv, the scores were a 3–3 and a loss 3–2 in game 2. Simon Alfasi scored all five goals for the club, three in the first and two in the second, on 8 August 1947, all Beitar clubs were banned by the British mandate authorities. The club name was changed to Nordiah Jerusalem, before a league was set up in Jerusalem district in November 1947. During the war, Beitar Jerusalem player Asher Benjamin was killed by the British when he entered to a British camp in Jerusalem, in 1951–52 season, the club integrated into Liga Bet southern part, then the second tier
Hapoel Ra'anana A.F.C.
Hapoel Raanana Association Football Club is an Israeli football club, and based in Raanana. They are currently in the Israeli Premier League and play at the Netanya Stadium in Netanya, a Hapoel Raanana was established in 1938. They were placed in the South Division of Liga Bet in 1951–52, the modern club was established in 1972, and in the mid-1990s was playing in Liga Gimel, the lowest tier of Israeli football. In 1995 they started a period of success after they won their division of Liga Gimel and were promoted to Liga Bet. In 1997–98, they won Liga Bet South A division and were promoted to Liga Alef, in 1998–99 they won the North Division of Liga Alef to earn promotion to Liga Artzit. After finishing third in 1999–2000, they won the league the season and were promoted to Liga Leumit. In 2008–09, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League for the first time in their history. However, they had to play its matches at Hapoel Kfar Sabas Levita Stadium, as its home ground. In January 2010, the city council published plans for a 7, after a single season in the top division, in which the club finished at the second bottom place, Raanana were relegated to Liga Leumit. After three seasons in Liga Leumit, in 2012–13, Raanana finished runners-up and were promoted again to the Israeli Premier League, in the 2015–16 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, when they finished sixth in the Israeli Premier League. As of 2 February 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country. Modern-day Nigeria has been the site of numerous kingdoms and tribal states over the millennia, the modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms, Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960, and plunged into a civil war from 1967 to 1970. Nigeria is often referred to as the Giant of Africa, owing to its large population, with approximately 184 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has one of the largest populations of youth in the world, Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims in the northern part. A minority of the population practise religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as native to the Igbo. As of 2015, Nigeria is the worlds 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and it overtook South Africa to become Africas largest economy in 2014. The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent, Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globes next BRIC-like economies. It is also listed among the Next Eleven economies set to become among the biggest in the world, Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC. The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country and this name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator. The origin of the name Niger, which applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is likely an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism. The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between 500 BC and AD200, producing life-sized terracotta figures which are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa, further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD. Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem-Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa, the Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, and the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture, Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri, in West Africa, the oldest bronzes made using the lost-wax process were from Igbo Ukwu, a city under Nri influence. The Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, the oldest signs of human settlement at Ifes current site date back to the 9th century, and its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures
Toto Adaruns Tamuz Temile, commonly known as Toto Tamuz, is an Israeli footballer who last played as a striker for Hapoel Tel Aviv. Born in Nigeria, he grew up in Israel from infancy, born in Warri, Nigeria, his parents came to Israel in 1990, where his father, footballer Clement Temile, played professionally for Beitar Netanya. When the team ran into financial straits and was forced to stop paying salaries. His parents left Israel in 1991 to try to find employment in Nigeria or elsewhere. When it became obvious that his parents were not coming back for him, Toto was adopted by Orit Tamuz who cared for him and raised him, though most of his formulative years were spent in Israel, Tamuz still did not carry full Israeli citizenship. After his temporary visa expired, Tamuz was unable to play for the Israeli national team until he received full Israeli citizenship, the Israel Interior Office had refused attempts to fast-track his application. Tamuz started to play organised football at Hapoel Petah Tikva, where he made his debut during the 2005–06 season in a match against Ashdod. His debut made headlines after he scored two goals during the match. Tamuz signed a deal with Ronen Katzav making him his agent, Tamuz won five titles as a Beitar Jerusalem player, two championships, two State Cups and one Toto Cup. On his way to win the Toto Cup, Tamuz scored 5 of Beitar Jerusalems 15 goals in the 2009–10 Toto Cup, Tamuz signed for Hapoel Tel Aviv in August 2010 for undisclosed fee. On 11 September, he scored on his debut for Hapoel in a 2–2 draw with Hapoel Acre. In February 2014, Tamuz signed a contract to play for Petrolul Ploiești. He scored his first goal on 2 March, against Oțelul Galați, on 16 April, he scored a header in the semi-finals second leg in Cupa României, against Astra Giurgiu, but Petrolul lost 2–1 on aggregate. On 7 August 2014, Tamuz scored the last goal of an eventual 4–1 win against Viktoria Plzeň, Tamuz also scored against Dinamo Zagreb in the first leg of the play-off, but Petrolul lost the match 1–3. After a good season debut with Petrolul, he was called up to the Israel national team to play in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifiers, on 21 September, Tamuz scored a doppietta against Steaua București, but unfortunately, Petrolul lost the match 2–3. In July 2016, Tamuz signed a deal with China League One club Hunan Billows. He scored two goals in ten appearances for the club. On 19 January 2017 signed to Hapoel Tel Aviv until the end of the season, on 6 September 2006, Tamuz made his debut for Israel at the age of 18, against Andorra in a UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying match
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Ramat Gan Stadium
Ramat Gan Stadium is a football stadium in the Tel Aviv District city of Ramat Gan, Israel, it served as the National stadium of Israel until 2014. The pitch dimensions are 105 m ×68 m, with a 10,500 m2 lawn, the stadiums plot area is 36,000 m2. The stadium also contains six dressing rooms, meeting halls, a center, press rooms, referees room and medical. It is sided by two training fields, large athletes clinic, a café-restaurant, and a 3,900 space open-air car park and it also houses the headquarters of the Israel Football Association. The artificial lighting conditions in the stadium are on the level with the worlds top stadiums. But by the end of 2016 it was not established, the stadium has hosted musical acts such as Depeche Mode, Elton John, R. E. M. Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Leonard Cohen, Sting, High on Fire, Orphaned Land, Metallica, Simon and Garfunkel, Bob Dylan, in 2012 Madonna opened her MDNA Tour at the stadium, playing in front of a sold-out crowd of more than 33,000 people. Media related to Ramat Gan Stadium at Wikimedia Commons Stadium pictures at Stadiumguide. com
Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club and part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv sports club. Founded in 1906 as the HaRishon Le Zion-Yafo Association, Maccabi Tel Aviv is the oldest, largest and most decorated club in Israel. With the establishment of the city of Tel Aviv in 1909, in 1922 they became the first Jewish football club to participate in local competitions. Maccabi Tel Aviv have won more titles than any other Israeli club, winning 22 League Championships,23 prestigious State Cups, the club is named after the Maccabees. Maccabi Tel Aviv FC invest a lot of money in the development, the clubs youth system operate football academies at three sites in the Tel Aviv area, working with over 750 children aged 6–15. The club also runs 17 youth teams with 400 players between 9 and 19 years old and these teams tend to compete very successfully in local and national leagues. Durims decided to establish the Palestine League, in the same year the State Cup was founded under the name People Cup. That same year, the first Tel Aviv derby was played, with Maccabi winning, Maccabi won their first State Cup in 1929 after beating Maccabi HaShmonai. Maccabi won the State Cup for a time in 1930, beating the 48th Regiment of Foot 2–1, and a third in 1933. In 1936 the club was invited to play in the United States, on their way, Maccabi played in France, losing, 2–0, to Racing Paris and 3–1 to Lille. In the United States, Maccabi defeated the All-star team of New York City in front of 50,000 in Yankee Stadium. Maccabi also defeated the American Soccer League team in Brooklyn and Philadelphia on their ground, 1–0, and also played in Canada. Maccabi continued their tour in the USA and lost, 3–2, to St. Louis Stars, after returning from the United States, Maccabi players went on strike because they had not been paid. In 1937, after a year of action, the Football Association accepted their demands. In that year, Maccabi Tel Aviv also won their first league title, in 1939, after the start of World War II, Maccabi won their second championship. At the end of the season, Maccabi went to another tour and they played 18 games, winning 11, losing 5 and drawing 2. The games were against State sides, regional sides and five tests against the Australian national team, winning one, drawing one, in 1941 Maccabi won their first double, Winning both the league and State Cup, beating Hapoel Tel Aviv, 2–1, in the final. Between 1941 and 1945 the league was suspended because of the war, in 1946, the league was still suspended but the State Cup returned with Maccabi beating Hapoel Rishon LeZion, 6–0, on aggregate in the final
Hapoel Be'er Sheva F.C.
Hapoel Beer Sheva Football Club is an Israeli football club from the city of Beersheba, that competes in the Israeli Premier League. The club was founded in 1949, and businesswoman Alona Barkat has run it since 2007, the club also includes youth groups, teens and children, and football schools. The home uniform colors of the club are red and white, until 1959, the club played its home games at a stadium that was located in the old city of Beersheba. In 1960, the moved to Vasermil Stadium. Starting from the 2015–16 season, the ground of the team is Turner Stadium. The club won its first league title in 1975, over the years, the team has won three league titles, three Toto Cups, three Super Cups and one Lilian Cup. Hapoel Beer Sheva were formed in 1949 by Zalman Casspi, casspis ambition was to build a successful team full of talented young players. The clubs first game was against a team from Mefalsim, a kibbutz in Southern Israel, the Mefalsim team was mostly made up of immigrants from South America. The game was played in a stadium in Beer Shevas Old City, at this time Hapoel played in a league with only four other clubs. Hapoel drew their games against Hapoel Rishon LeZion, Hapoel Kfar Saba, in their other game against Hapoel Ramat Gan Beer Sheva lost 4–3. In 1952, the disbanded, but were re-established 3 years later and were granted entry into the Liga Gimel. In the 1956/57 season, the team finished at the top of the league under new manager Yosef Azran, in their final game of the season, they played against Jaffa, winning 5–0, a win which gained them promotion to Liga Bet. Following the clubs promotion to Liga Bet, they appointed Lonia Dvorin as their new manager and he was replaced by Jack Gibbons, who had previously managed Hapoel Petah Tikva to five national titles as well as being the head coach of the Israel National team. In the first game under Gibbons, they played against ZVI Single, however, Hapoel felt that ZVI had played illegally and reported them to the league, which resulted in Hapoel winning the points. In the second game against Maccabi Shaarayim Hapoel won 2–0, the final game against Hapoel Natanya, a 2–1 win for Beer Sheva, granted them promotion to Liga Alef. In 1958/59 Jack Gibbons left the club and was replaced by Yehiel Moore, in 1959/60 the team moved to a new stadium and invited Cypriot side Anorthosis Famagusta to officially open the stadium, the Cypriot side won the game 2–1. At the beginning of the 1960s the team did not try to promote to a higher league, but in 1961–62 the club decided to bring in a foreign coach, Rober Eryol. Eryol was the only Jewish player who played at the time in the Turkey national team
Hapoel Petah Tikva F.C.
Hapoel Petah Tikva F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the city of Petah Tikva. Their most successful period was the late 1950s and early 1960s, in which the club won six championships, although they have not won the title since 1963, Hapoel still hold the record for the number of back-to-back titles. The club was established in 1934 and that years tournament, which was known as the War Cup and was boycotted by Beitar-affiliated clubs, was not recognised by the Israel Football Association until recently. Nowadays, the IFA recognize this cup edition as part of the competitions history, the club was included in the new Israeli League in 1949 and finished fourth in the first post-independence championship, with their 3–2 home defeat to Beitar Tel Aviv annulled. In the 1954–55 season the club won their first championship, and they finished second for the next three seasons, winning the cup for the first time in 1957, before winning the title again in 1958–59. They retained the title in 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62 and 1962–63, in both 1959 and 1960 the club also reached the cup final, but lost on both occasions, 4–3 to Maccabi Tel Aviv and 2–1 to Hapoel Tel Aviv respectively. Hapoel finished second in 1964–65 and 1966–68 and reached the cup again in 1968. In the 1974 final they lost 1–0 to Hapoel Haifa after extra time, at the end of the 1975–76 season the club were relegated for the first time in their history, and dropped into Liga Artzit. They returned to the top flight in 1978, but were relegated again at the end of the 1981–82 season, the club returned to Liga Leumit in 1984. In 1986 they won the Toto Cup for the first time, despite a two-point deduction for breaking budget rules, Hapoel finished second in 1988–89 and qualified for the Intertoto Cup. They also finished as runners-up in 1989–90 and 1990–91, winning the Toto Cup in both seasons, in the latter they also reached the State Cup final, but lost 3–1 to Maccabi Haifa. The following year the club reached the final, this time winning, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–1 after extra time. In their first season in Europe, Hapoel beat Strømsgodset 4–0 on aggregate in the first qualifying round, domestically, Hapoel struggled during the 1992–93 season, finishing second from bottom, only avoiding relegation after beating Maccabi Jaffa in a play-off. In 1996–97 Hapoel finished second, qualifying for the UEFA Cup, after beating Flora Tallinn and Vejle in the qualifying rounds they were knocked out by Rapid Vienna. In 2005 they won the Toto Cup for a fourth time. In 2006–07 the club finished bottom of the Israeli Premier League, however, they made an immediate return to the top division after finishing as runners-up in the 2007–08 Liga Leumit, also winning the Liga Leumit Toto Cup. The club have developed a yo-yo pattern, relegated in 2011–12, the club were promoted in 2013–14, before being relegated immediately. The home ground of Hapoel Petah Tikva is HaMoshava Stadium which opened at the end of 2011, as of 22 October 2016 Official WebSite www. 4everblue. co. il Hapoel Petach Tikva Museum The Blue Frontier 06 site
Maccabi Haifa F.C.
Maccabi Haifa Football Club is an Israeli professional football club, based in City of Haifa, a section of Maccabi Haifa sports club. The club plays in the Israeli Premier League, Maccabi Haifa home games are played at Sammy Ofer Stadium. The stadium, which is shared with rivals Hapoel Haifa, is the second largest in Israel football, Maccabi Haifa is one of four clubs in the Big Four in Israeli football. It has won twelve League titles, Six State Cups and four Toto Cups, Maccabi has won the championship and the cup in the same season one time, and was the First Israeli club to qualify for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League. Maccabi Haifa Football Club was established in 1913 in the city of Haifa. It was a small, struggling club that spent most of its time shifting between Liga Leumit and the lower leagues, the club was overshadowed by its city rival Hapoel Haifa. But even in its first years the club adapted a very adventurous and offensive style of play based on technique, in 1942, the club reached the Israel State Cup final, but was defeated 12–1 by Beitar Tel Aviv in the final. In 1962, the team defeated Maccabi Tel Aviv 5–2 in the State Cup final, in 1963 it reached the final again, but lost to Hapoel Haifa 1–0 in the first Haifa derby in State Cup final. In the 1980s Maccabi Haifa finally entered the Israeli champions club, in the 1983–84 season Maccabi Haifa won its first ever championship, under coach Shlomo Sharf and general manager Yochanan Vollach, overcoming Beitar Jerusalem and Hapoel Tel Aviv. The Yerukim were known for their all-around-offense and flashy technique football style, often resulting in bad defensive formation, a year later, Maccabi Haifa won a second championship in a decisive performance. In 1986 Maccabi lost the championship in a final match against runners-up Hapoel Tel Aviv. Due to poor TV coverage, the issue has never been resolved, in 1988, Maccabi Haifa decimated Maccabi Tel Aviv 10–0 to earn its biggest win ever. That game, one of the famous in Israelis football lore. Furthermore, it probably was the beginning of the rivalry between the two clubs. In 1989, under the hands of Amazzia Levkovic, the club won another championship. In 1990 Maccabi Haifa established itself as a dominant club in Israel, in 1992 Maccabi Haifa was purchased by Yaakov Shahar, who became the owner and president of the club. Under Shahars management, Maccabi Haifa enjoyed financial stability and professional working regulations on a par with European football clubs standards, Maccabi Haifas highlight season was 1993–94. After winning the 1993 cup, Maccabi Haifa gave a performance in the UEFA Cup Winners Cup, beating Torpedo Moscow 3–1 and Parma 1–0 in the last 16
Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C.
Maccabi Petah Tikva F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the city of Petah Tikva. It is part of the Maccabi sports club and currently plays in the Israeli Premier League. In 1921, after the death of founder member Avshalom Gisin during the 1921 Palestine riots, the club added his name to the name. In 1927 the club moved to the Maccabi Petah Tikva Ground, in 1935 they won their first piece of silverware, beating Hakoah Tel Aviv 1–0 in the cup final. In 1939 they reached the final again, but lost 2–1 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, the following year they won the Haaretz tournament. The club was included in the new Israeli League in 1949, in the next season they finished as runners-up to champions Maccabi Tel Aviv and also won the State Cup, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 1–0. In 1953–54 they also finished second with Eliezer Spiegel finishing as the top goalscorer on 16 goals from 22 matches. After several seasons of mid-table finishes, Maccabi finished bottom of the table in 1962–63 and were due to be relegated to Liga Alef, however, the Israel Football Association decided to expand the league from 12 to 15 clubs and they were spared demotion. However, the club was relegated at the end of the 1965–66 season after finishing second from bottom, after two seasons in Liga Alef the club returned to the top division in 1969. At the end of the 1970–71 season the club was relegated again after finishing second from bottom, although Maccabi finished bottom in 1974–75, they were again reprieved from relegation due to league expansion. However, after a performance in 1976–77 they did go down. After making another return to the top flight, the club maintained several mid-table finishes. In 1990 and 1991 the club won the Liga Artzit Toto Cup and they returned to the top division in 1991 and have remained there since. In 1995 the club won the top divisions Toto Cup for the first time, in 2001 the club reached the cup final for the first time in 49 years, losing 3–0 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 2003–04 they finished third, qualifying for the UEFA Cup, however, the home leg of their third qualifying round tie against SC Heerenveen was cancelled by UEFA due to a baggage handlers strike, and they lost the away leg 5–0. In 2004–05 the club finished second in the league and qualified for the UEFA Cup again and this time they were more successful, beating Macedonian side FK Baskimi 11–0 on aggregate, before knocking out Partizan Belgrade. However, in the stage they finished bottom having lost all four matches. As of 1 February 201604 – Morad Megamadov, Center back, the club played at the Maccabi Petah Tikva ground between 1926 and the 1970s
Bnei Sakhnin F.C.
Bnei Sakhnin F. C. is an Israeli football club based at the Doha Stadium in Sakhnin. They are the most successful Israeli Arab club in the country, the club was formed in 1991 by a merger of Maccabi Sakhnin and Hapoel Sakhnin. They were promoted to Liga Artzit in 1997, in 1998–99 they finished in the relegation zone, but were reprieved when Maccabi Jaffa, who had finished bottom of the top division, were relegated three leagues due to financial problems. Promotion was only won on the last day of the season, prior to their first season in the top division, Sakhnin were favourites to be relegated, and it was thought that Nazareth had a better chance of survival. Questions remained as to whether the squad that gained promotion would be able to compete at the top level and they also lost manager Momy Zafran who resigned shortly after the club won promotion, replacing him with Eyal Lahman. In addition, the club had to play games in Haifas Kiryat Eliezer Stadium, the club signed former Maccabi Haifa striker Raffi Cohen and loaned another striker, Lior Asulin from Maccabi Herzliya. Sagi Strauss was brought in to mind the nets from Maccabi Petah Tikva, despite the gloomy predictions, the club defied the odds, eventually finishing 10th, four points clear of relegation, whilst Nazareth finished bottom. However, the highlight of the season was the State Cup victory, in the final, Sakhnin beat surprise finalists, second division side Hapoel Haifa 4–1. The team gained a reputation for being a tough, combative outfit, captain and club stalwart Abbas Suan won particular acclaim, gaining a call-up to the Israel squad, and winning his first cap in February 2004. The cup win meant that the club became the first Arab team to play in Europe, after beating Partizani Tirana 6–1 on aggregate in the second qualifying round, the club faced Newcastle United in the first round. However, Sakhnin were beaten 7–1 on aggregate, including a 5–1 home defeat in a match played at the National Stadium in Ramat Gan due to security concerns. During the 2004–05 season, with its still under development the club played many of its home matches at Hapoel Nazareth Illits Municipal Stadium. During their spell in the top flight, several Sakhnin games were plagued by hooliganism, as a punishment, the IFA ordered the club to play two games behind closed doors. However, with one of the largest budgets in the division, the club were amongst the favourites to return quickly to the Premier League, in their first season back in the Premier League, they finished fourth, their highest ever league position, qualifying for the Intertoto Cup. The rise of the Bnei Sakhnin F. C. was the subject of a documentary film by noted Israeli director Ram Loevy. During the 2005–06 season, the signed a shirt sponsorship deal with Israeli mobile phone company Cellcom. The clubs budget was bolstered on 15 June 2006 when Gaydamak announced that he would donate two million shekels to the club in hope that they make a return to Israels top league. The fan base of Bnei Sakhnin is smaller in comparison to other Israeli clubs, the majority of fans of Bnei Sakhnin are Arab Israelis
F. C. Ashdod is an Israeli football club, playing in the port city of Ashdod. The unorthodox name of the team is the result of the union of two city rivals, Hapoel Ashdod and Maccabi Ironi Ashdod, during the clubs first years, its kit colors were completely blue. When Haim Revivo took a prominent role in the club. The decision was made that the kit should incorporate two of the clubs colors, Hapoel having been red and Maccabi yellow and blue. The club was not immediately successful after the merger, and fan support was lacking, during the 2004–05 season, they reached their greatest achievement, a third-place finish in the Israeli Premier League and a berth in the UEFA Cup. The club also reached the final of the Toto Cup, only to go out on penalty kicks and their first time in a continental competition was not a memorable one, as they went out to the Slovenian PrvaLiga runners-up, NK Domžale. Prior to the 2014–15 season, the club added Ironi to its name. C, Hapoel Ashdod, and was eventually disciplined. Furthermore, the club was punished by FIFA with six points deduction for failing to pay an award to Nigerian club, Kaduna United. As a result, the club has dropped to the bottom place in the Israeli Premier League. However, in a decision, FIFA reversed its decision after it was found out that the club did pay the arbitration award. In the 2015–16 season, the club won Liga Leumit and made a return to the Israeli Premier League
Hapoel Acre F.C.
Hapoel Acre Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Acre, Israel. The club is currently in Liga Leumit, founded in 1946, the club dwelt in the lower leagues until they won Liga Bet North A in the 1962–63 season and promoted for the first time to Liga Alef, the second division by then. In 1973–74, they won Liga Alef North division, however, the Israel Football Association decided that season on promotion play-off, involving the top 2 clubs in each Liga Alef division, and the bottom two clubs in Liga Leumit. After finishing in 5th position, they were not promoted, after second-place finish in the 1974–75 season, Hapoel won Liga Alef North division in the 1975–76 and were promoted to the top division for the first time. After finishing 11th in their first season, they won two matches the next season, and were relegated to Liga Artzit, which was the new second division at the time. This proved to be their last appearance in the top division for the next 31 years, in 1982–83 the club had dropped into Liga Alef, the third tier at the time. In 1998–99 they were promoted to Liga Artzit, however, in 2003–04, the club finished as runners-up, and were promoted back to Liga Leumit. In 2005–06, the club won their first ever piece of silverware, in 2008–09, the club finished as runners-up, and promoted to the Premier League. In the 2010–11 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, on 3 June 2013, an agreement was signed between Hapoel Acre association and the municipality of Acre, and as a result, a new association was appointed by the municipality. In the 2012–13 and 2014–15 seasons, the club finished at the bottom of the league at the end of the regular season, however, they avoided relegation in both occasions, following a strong finish of the bottom play-offs. In the 2015–16 season, the finished second bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. The clubs traditional ground was the 5, 000-seat Napoleon Stadium in Acre, whilst the ground was being refurbished, the club played in Nazareth Illit at Green Stadium shared with Hapoel Nazareth Illit in the 2009–10 and the 2010–11 seasons. In the 2011–12 season the club played in the first month at Ilut Stadium in Ilut, located near Nazareth in northern Israel, as of 21 June 2016 Momi Zafran Yaron Hochenboim Eli Cohen Shimon Hadari Yuval Naim Alon Harazi Shlomi Dora Yaron Hochenboim Momi Zafran Shlomi Dora Club website
Hapoel Haifa F.C.
Hapoel Haifa Football Club is an Israeli football club located in Haifa. The club won one championship and 3 Israeli cups, the Team is also known as The Sharks. The clubs home since the early 1990s is the Kiryat Eliezer Stadium in Haifa, in which they have played since their departure from Kiryat Haim Stadium, the colours of the teams home kit are red throughout. The away colours are white shirts, and black shorts and socks, the beginning of the club was in a local organization founded in Haifa in 1924. This organization included several related to sports, in addition to branches related to worker movements. Their goal was to found the first ever football club in Palestine. The meeting was led by Yehoshua Sherpstein and Yair Aharony, on May 1,1924, Labor Day, was the first match, in which Hapoel Haifa beat 3–1 the train workers of Haifa. In the first years of the club it played friendly matches against different teams from Palestine, Europe. At the beginning Hapoel Haifa was included under the Maccabi union, two years later the club decided to leave Maccabi, and was among the founders of the new union, Hapoel. In 1928 the Israel Football Association was founded, and formal matches were scheduled, In the first 4 years only cup matches, during these years Hapoel Haifa did not win many trophies, yet it was still one of the leading teams in the country. In 1932 the team qualified to its first cup final, against the British Police, the referee was British, and some of the decisions he made were very controversial. During the match, when the score was 1–0 to Hapoel Haifa, after some decisions that the players of Haifa found very odd and unfair, as a result, Hapoel Haifa was disqualified. That year 5 of Haifas players made it to the Palestine squad, in 1950, after the War of Independence, the Israeli League returned to action, and Haifa finished in the 3rd place, after Maccabi and Hapoel Tel-Aviv. Two years later the cup matches were renewed and these years were direct continuation to the seasons before the state of Israel was established, when the team was one of the leaders, yet did not manage to win any trophies. Hapoel was very weak in the early sixties, the team finished 1962–63 one before last, and was supposed to relegate to the second division. But, due to suspicions about improper matches, the relegations were canceled, at this turning point, many talented young players promoted from the youth team, causing a significant improvement that started the clubs best period. In the same season, 1962–63, the won the Israel State Cup. In all of the seasons the team finished in the top third of the league
Maccabi Ahi Nazareth F.C.
Maccabi Ahi Nazareth Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Nazareth. The club is currently in the Liga Leumit and plays at the Ilut Stadium in Ilut on the outskirts of the city, the club was formed in 1968, and played in Liga Gimel until 1975. In 1998 they were promoted to Liga Artzit, finishing eighth in the league, in 1999–2000 and 2000–01 they finished one place above the relegation zone. The 2002–03 season saw the claim the Liga Leumit title. They were promoted to the Israeli Premier League for the first time in their history, fellow Israeli Arab club Bnei Sakhnin were also promoted, marking the first time two Arab clubs had been in the top division. However, in their first season in the top division, the finished bottom and were relegated back to Liga Leumit. The following season they were relegated again, and dropped back into the third division, in 2005–06 they finished as Liga Artzit runners-up, to make an immediate return to Liga Leumit, where they have remained since. In 2008–09, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League, in the 2014–15 Israel State Cup, the club reached the Semi-finals for the first time in their history, after eliminating Maccabi Netanya, F. C. Ashdod and Hapoel Kfar Saba. However, in the Semi-finals, they were beaten 0–3 by the cup winners, Maccabi Tel Aviv in Teddy Stadium
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F.C.
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F. C. commonly known as just Bnei Yehuda, is an Israeli football club from the Hatikva Quarter of Tel Aviv. The club is currently a member of the Israeli Premier League, the club was formed in January 1936 by Nathan Sulami and his friends. It was named after Judah, because the decision on its formation occurred during the week when the Torah portion of Vayigash is read in the Synagogue, Sulami and his friends were first promoted to the top division in 1959. Two seasons later they narrowly avoided relegation, finishing second from bottom, in 1965 the club reached the State Cup final for the first time, but lost 2–1 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 1968 they reached the final again, this time beating Hapoel Petah Tikva to claim their first piece of major silverware, after several near-misses, the club was relegated at the end of the 1971–72 season after finishing second from bottom. However, they made a return as Liga Alef champions but were relegated again in 1976. In the 1977–78 season the club were promoted back to the top division as Liga Artzit champions, and also reached the State Cup final, the following season the club finished fourth in Liga Leumit. The 1980–81 season was the clubs best so far, managed by Shlomo Sharf they finished second in the league and reached the cup final again, this time beating Hapoel Tel Aviv 4–3 after a penalty shootout. However, the success was not maintained, and they were relegated at the end of the 1983–84 season, the club made an immediate return as Liga Artzit champions and finished second in 1986–87. The 1989–90 season saw the club win its first, and to date only, two seasons later they won the Toto Cup for the first time, repeating the feat in 1997. The 2000–01 season saw Bnei Yehuda finish second from bottom of the Premier League, however, they made an immediate return as Liga Leumit runners-up. The club have remained in the Premier League since, in 2005–06 they reached the cup final, losing 1–0 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, but also qualifying for Europe for the first time. In the 2006–07 UEFA Cup they lost 6–0 on aggregate to Lokomotiv Sofia and had to play their match in Senec in Slovakia due to security concerns. In the 2009–10 season Bnei Yehuda reached the European League play-off, after starting in the first qualifying round, the following season they reached the second qualifying round of the Europa League, but lost to Shamrock Rovers. From 2009–10 to the 2012–13 season, Bnei Yehuda managed to finish regularly in the top 3–4 ranks of the Israeli Premier League which won her participation in the European League qualifying, following the success, the group became a springboard for players. Many players who were remarkable in the ranks of Bnei Yehuda have moved or were sold to bigger clubs, in the 2013–14 season, Bnei Yehuda finished bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. However, they made a return to the Premier League as the 2014–15 Liga Leumit champions. For most of its existence, Bnei Yehuda played at the Hatikva Neighborhood Stadium in the Hatikva Quarter of Tel Aviv
Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C.
Hapoel Tel-Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Tel Aviv. The club currently competes in the Israeli Premier League and plays its matches at the Bloomfield Stadium. To date, the club has won thirteen championships and sixteen State Cups, in 1967 Hapoel Tel Aviv became the first club to win the Asian Club Championships. It is also one of only 3 Israeli teams to have qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, the club name, Hapoel, translates to The Worker, and combined with its red Hammer and sickle crest represents the club ties to Socialism and working class. For seven decades, the club was owned by Israeli largest trade union, Hapoel Tel Aviv F. C. was originally established in 1923, but was disbanded soon after. The club was re-formed in 1925, and then for a time in May 1926. In 1927 the club merged with Allenby F. C. giving the club its modern form and it is part of the Hapoel sports association which was affiliated with the Histadrut trade union, and supporters of the club were often referred to as communists. In 1928 the club reached the Palestine Cup final, although they beat Maccabi Hasmonean Jerusalem 2–0, Hapoel fielded an ineligible player, resulting in the cup being shared. The 1934–35 season saw Hapoel led the table, but the championship was abandoned. The 1937–38 season ended the way, with Hapoel top of the league. In the meantime, the won the cup again in 1937,1938 and 1939. In 1939–40 they won their second championship, the following season no national championships were held, but the club won the tournament for Hapoel-affiliated clubs. Following Israeli independence, Hapoel joined the new Israeli League and they won the title in 1956–57 and the State Cup in 1961, beating Hapoel Petah Tikva 2–1. In the 1965–66 season Hapoel won the title, and qualified for the first Asian Club Championships, in the tournament Hapoel were given byes all the way to the final, where they beat Selangor 2–1 to become Asias first club champions. The club also reached the State Cup final that year, Hapoel won the title again in 1968–69, and again qualified for the Asian Club championships. Although they reached the final, they lost 2–1 to Iranian side Taj Club, the following season they reached the cup final again, but lost 1–0 to Hapoel Yehud. A hat-trick of cup final defeats was avoided when they beat Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–2 in the 1982 final, another title was won in 1985–86, and another in 1987–88. However, the following season Hapoel finished bottom of the league and were relegated to the second tier for the first time in their history
Maccabi Netanya F.C.
Maccabi Netanya F. C. is an Israeli football club based in Netanya. Established in 1934, the club was a member of the Israeli League in 1949. After winning their first championship in 1971, the golden period lasted until the late 1980s. The club was established in the year 1934 as a Mandatory Palestinian Club and initially played in green, the clubs first season was in 1935–36 when they played in Liga Gimel which back then was the third tier in Israeli football. They became founder members of the Israeli League in 1949, and in 1954 reached the State Cup final for the first time, in 1961–62 the club finished bottom of Liga Leumit and were relegated to Liga Alef. They returned to the top division in 1964, after a third-placed finish in 1968–69, the 1970–71 season saw Netanya win their first title by a margin of eleven points, back then the largest in Israeli football history. They also reached the State Cup final, but lost 2–1 to Maccabi Tel Aviv, in 1972–73 Neyanya finished thirteenth in Liga Leumit, avoiding relegation by only two points. However, the season they won their second title. In 1975 they changed their kit to play in black and yellow and they won a third title in 1977–78, and completed the double by beating Bnei Yehuda 2–1 in the State Cup final. They also finished as winners of their group in the UEFA Intertoto Cup, a fourth championship was won in 1979–80 by a margin of ten points, whilst their fifth title, in 1982–83 was won by a fourteen-point margin. In the same season won the League Cup, a feat repeated the following year. In 1986–87 and 1988–89 they reached the League Cup final, in 1994–95 Netanya finished bottom of Liga Leumit and were relegated to Liga Artzit, in the same season the youth team won the youth championship. After winning the league in 1998–99 they returned to the top division, in December 2005 Daniel Jammer, a Jewish German businessman bought the club for a fee of $1,500,000. In 2006–07 the club finished as Premier League runners-up, a feat repeated the following season, in April 2008 Lothar Matthäus was appointed manager. Although the club led the league in the part of the 2008–09 season, they eventually finished fourth. The 2010–11 season saw the club finishing sixth in the top playoff games, the next season Netanya finished in the fourth place when they shared the same amount of points as the runners-up. This was quite an achievement considering the fact that the club didnt have a stable budget behind them or an owner to invest in the club and they were relegated again in 2012–13 after finishing second from bottom. In August 2013 Eli Segav and Yossi Maor took over as the new owners of the club, the club got relegated again at the end of the 2015–16 season
Israel Standard Time
Israel Standard Time Hebrew, שעון ישראל sheon Yisrael Israel Time is the standard time zone in Israel. It is two hours ahead of UTC, at the beginning of the British Mandate, the time zone of the mandate area, was set to Cairos time zone, which is two hours later than Greenwich Mean Time. The difference from UTC is the same as Eastern European Time, the switch on Friday is due to having the Jewish Sabbath as the common rest day of the week. Prior to 2013, Israeli daylight saving time period ended earlier in autumn, Israel shares the UTC+2 timezone with all of its neighbouring countries, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Israel observes daylight saving time, locally called Israel Summer Time, as of July 2013, IDT will begin on the Friday before the last Sunday of March, and end on the last Sunday of October. Israel Summer Time Daylight saving time
Aviram Baruchyan is an Israeli professional football player who plays for Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem. He has been playing for Beitar Jerusalem since Youth level, in the 2002–2003 season he moved to the Senior team. Baruchyan plays as a creative midfielder and he wears the number 8 jersey which is the same number that his famous uncle wore. His uncle is former Beitar legend Uri Malmilian, when Avi Nimni played in Beitar, Baruchyan handed him the number 8 since it is also Nimnis preferred number. Baruchyan wore temporarily the number 16 and he made his debut for the Israel national football team against Croatia on 13 October 2007. On 3 January 2012, Baruchyan signed with Polish team Polonia Warsaw a two-and-half year contract, on 20 September 2012, Baruchyan signed with Israel team Hapoel Beer Sheva. On 9 October 2013, Baruchyan came back home and signed with Beitar Jerusalem, on 23 October 2014, Baruchyan signed to Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem. On 27 October 2009, Baruchyan married his girlfriend Rikki in a traditional Jewish ceremony in Jerusalem. Israeli Premier League, 2006–07, 2007–08 Israel State Cup,2008,2009 Toto Cup Al, 2009–10 Liga Alef, 2014-15 On Nov.13,2008 IMScouting has selected Aviram Bruchyan as Player to Watch Ganur, Tomer. Blessed Baruchyan, The story of the hero of the win over Wisła Kraków, archived from the original on 5 August 2008
Nazareth Illit is a city in the Northern District of Israel. Founded in 1957, it was planned as a Jewish town overlooking the Arab city of Nazareth, in 2015 it had a population of 40,198. The establishment of Nazareth Illit was conceived in the early 1950s when development towns such as Karmiel and Beit Shean were founded. A parcel of 1,200 dunams of land, about half within the boundaries of Nazareth, was expropriated in 1954. Protests at this action reached the Supreme Court of Israel, which in 1955 accepted the word that the sole purpose of the land was to erect government facilities. However, it had already decided that only 109 dunams would be used for that purpose. The first dwellings were completed in September 1956 and the first residents moved in later that year. According to historian Geremy Forman, the director of the IDF Planning Department, Yuval Neeman, stated that the town would safeguard the Jewish character of the Galilee as a whole, demonstrate state sovereignty to the Arab population more than any other settlement operation. Forman wrote that Upper Nazareth was meant to overpower Nazareth numerically, economically, initially the settlement was referred to as the Jewish neighborhood of Nazareth, then as Kiryat Natzeret. The name Nazareth Illit was adopted in 1958, in 1961, Nazareth Illit was recognized as a municipal local council. According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic and religious makeup of the city was 91. 0% Jewish, in the 1990s, Upper Nazareth was the fastest developing city in the country with a growth rate of nearly 70 percent. Newcomers included new immigrants from the former Soviet Union and South America, in 2012, Arabs accounted for 17 percent of the citys 40,000 residents. The Strauss-Elite chocolate factory in the industrial zone employs over 600 workers. In 2010, the city had 12 elementary schools and two high schools, a new high school for religious boys opened that year and the Yeshivat Hesder of Maalot, which combines army service with Torah study, planned to open a branch there. Nazareth Illit also has an engineering college. Nazareth Illits municipality cares for maintaining the citys green grounds and for the forestry of the city, located by the city, is the Churchill Forest. The forest, which lies on the downslope between Nazareth and Jezreel Valley, provides observation spots on the valley view, Hapoel Nazareth Illit is the citys major football club. Having been promoted to the top division for the first time in 2003, the club was relegated in 2006 to Liga Leumit, the second tier
Penalty kick (association football)
A penalty kick is a method of restarting play in association football, taken from 11 metres out from the goal, on the penalty mark. Penalty kicks are performed during normal play and they are awarded when a foul that is punishable by a direct free kick is committed within the offending players own penalty area. Similar kicks are made in a penalty shootout in some tournaments to determine which team is victorious after a drawn match, in practice, penalties are converted to goals more often than not, even against world class goalkeepers. This means that penalty awards are often decisive, especially in low-scoring games, the referee gives the ball to the non-offending team. The goalkeeper must stand on the line between the post until the ball is kicked. Lateral movement is allowed, but the keeper is not permitted to come off the goal line by stepping or lunging forward until the ball is in play. When the goalkeeper indicates to the referee that they are ready, once the shooter has started their approach to the ball, they are not permitted to interrupt it. The ball must be stationary before the kick, and must be struck forwards, violation of these rules will result in a re-kick. After the penalty is taken properly, the ball may be played by any player except the one who executed the penalty kick. The kicker may not play the ball again until it has touched or played by another player on either team. For penalties taken near the end of time, play may be extended so that the penalty kick may be taken. A two-man penalty, or tap penalty, occurs when the penalty-taker, instead of shooting for goal, taps the ball slightly forward so that a team-mate can run on to it and shoot. The team-mate, like all other players, must be at least ten yards from the penalty mark when the ball is initially kicked and this strategy depends on the element of surprise, so that the team-mate can reach the ball ahead of any defenders. There is no requirement for the penalty taker to shoot for goal, the first recorded tap penalty was taken by Jimmy McIlroy and Danny Blanchflower of Northern Ireland against Portugal on 1 May 1957. Another was taken by Rik Coppens and André Piters in the World Cup Qualifying match Belgium v Iceland on 5 June 1957, arsenal players Thierry Henry and Robert Pirès failed in an attempt at a similar penalty in 2005, during a Premier League match against Manchester City at Highbury. Lionel Messi tapped a penalty for Luis Suárez as Suárez completed his hat-trick on 14 February 2016 against league opponents Celta De Vigo, in the case of a player repeatedly infringing the laws during the penalty kick, the referee may caution the player for persistent infringement. Note that all offences that occur before kick may be dealt with in this manner, as with a direct free kick, the kicker may not touch the ball a second time, until another player has touched the ball. Another example of an infringement is when a player will run up, stop directly at the ball and this gives the goalkeeper no chance at saving it, and the result of this would be a free kick for the opposing team
Vladimir Lado Dvalishvili is a Georgian footballer who plays for FC Atyrau. Dvalishvili was signed by Olimpi Rustavi in June 2006, on 7 July 2009, Dvalishvili signed a two-year contract with the Israeli champions Maccabi Haifa. Dvalishvili made his debut on 2009–10 UEFA Champions League Second qualifying round,15 July 2009, against Glentoran and scored two goals. In the next round, against Aktobe, Dvalishvili scored the last two goals in Maccabi Haifas great comeback – scoring four goals after falling down 3–0 in the first 15 minutes of the match. In January 2012, Dvalishvili joined Polish club Polonia Warsaw in the Ekstraklasa on a two-and-a-half-year contract, Dvalishvili joined Legia Warsaw on 15 February 2013 on a two-and-a-half-year contract. The club finished the 2012–13 season with the double, on 12 August 2014, Lado left Legia under mutual agreement and, a day later, he signed a two-year contract with Odense BK. On 27 August 2015 29-year-old Dvalishvili signed 3-year contract with Pogon, on July 2016 Dvalishvili returned to Georgia, after agreeing to a half year contract with FC Dinamo Tbilisi. He made his Georgia debut on 6 June 2009, on 14 October 2009 he scored a goal against Bulgaria, in a 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifiers 6–2 defeat. On 9 September 2009 Dvalishvili scored a goal in a match his country lost 2–1 to Iceland
Kiryat Eliezer Stadium
The Haifa Municipal Stadium, more commonly known as Kiryat Eliezer, was a multi-use stadium in the Kiryat Eliezer neighborhood of Haifa, Israel. It was mostly used for matches and as the home stadium of Maccabi Haifa. It was replaced by the new Sammy Ofer Stadium at the entrance to the city in 2014. The stadium was built in 1955, as a gift from the Italian Labour Union and it seats 14,002 among its 14 gates. Ownership of the stadium belonged to the Municipality of Haifa, though it was managed by a suborganization called ETHOS, the stadium was officially opened on 14 September 1955, with a match between Haifa XI and Tel Aviv XI. On 24 September 1955 the first Haifa derby was played at the stadium, both clubs had previously played at Kiryat Haim Stadium in the Kerayot area of Haifa. The first match played at the stadium, while it was being built, was held during the 1953 Maccabiah Games, the stadium did not meet UEFAs highest standards forcing the clubs in Haifa to host their European matches in the Tel Aviv area. At certain times, UEFA also has limited clubs from outside the Tel Aviv area from hosting even low level European qualifiers citing security concerns, Kiryat Eliezer was the only stadium in Israel equipped with electronic gates in an effort to curb scalping and the sale of counterfeit tickets. Regulars to the stadium could have purchased a card for 10 shekels, there was one scoreboard in the stadium, which did not had a replay screen. The only television in the stadium, outside of the television broadcast booth, was in front of the seat of Yaakov Shahar, only the A section of the stadium was covered by a roof. The last game in the stadium was played on 14 May 2014, the stadium was located in the Kiryat Eliezer neighborhood of Haifa. Adjacent to the stadium is Beit Egged
Haifa, is the third-largest city in the State of Israel, with a population of 278,903 in 2015. The city of Haifa forms part of the Haifa metropolitan area and it is also home to the Baháí World Centre, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a destination for Bahai pilgrims. Built on the slopes of Mount Carmel, the settlement has a history spanning more than 3,000 years, the earliest known settlement in the vicinity was Tell Abu Hawam, a small port city established in the Late Bronze Age. In the 3rd century CE, Haifa was known as a dye-making center, over the centuries, the city has changed hands, being conquered and ruled by the Phoenicians, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, British, and the Israelis. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the Haifa Municipality has governed the city, as of 2016, the city is a major seaport located on Israels Mediterranean coastline in the Bay of Haifa covering 63.7 square kilometres. It lies about 90 kilometres north of Tel Aviv and is the regional center of northern Israel. According to researcher J. Kis-Lev Haifa is considered a haven for coexistence between Jews and Arabs. Two respected academic institutions, the University of Haifa and the Technion, are located in Haifa, in addition to the largest k-12 school in Israel, the city plays an important role in Israels economy. It is home to Matam, one of the oldest and largest high-tech parks in the country, Haifa also owns the underground rapid transit system located in Israel. Haifa Bay is a center of industry, petroleum refining. Haifa formerly functioned as the terminus of an oil pipeline from Iraq via Jordan. With locals using it to refer to a tell at the foot of the Carmel Mountains that contains its remains. The name Efa first appears during Roman rule, some time after the end of the 1st century, Haifa is also mentioned more than 100 times in the Talmud, a work central to Judaism. Hefa or Hepha in Eusebius of Caesareas 4th-century work, Onomasticon, is said to be another name for Sycaminus, references to this city end with the Byzantine period. Following the Arab conquest in the 7th century, Haifa was used to refer to a site established on Tel Shikmona upon what were already the ruins of Sycaminon. Haifa is mentioned by the mid-11th-century Persian chronicler Nasir Khusraw, the Crusaders, who captured Haifa briefly in the 12th century, call it Caiphas, and believe its name related to Cephas, the Aramaic name of Simon Peter. Other spellings in English have included Caipha, Kaipha, Caiffa, Kaiffa and Khaifa.5 miles to the east. The new village, the nucleus of modern Haifa, was first called al-imara al-jadida by some, but others residing there called it Haifa al-Jadida at first, the ultimate origin of the name Haifa remains unclear
Emmanuel Mayuka is a Zambian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Egyptian club Zamalek and the Zambian national team. Born in Kabwe Central Province, Zambia, Mayuka began his career at the Lusaka Academy at the age of 11, in 2007, he joined Kabwe Warriors, one of the biggest clubs in Zambia owned by the national railway company Zambia Railways. In this team, he flourished scoring 15 goals in 23 games and he consequently was selected to the Zambia under-17 national team. In September, he joined Israels Maccabi Tel Aviv, before opting to join Maccabi Tel Aviv, Mayuka was close to signing for Portuguese side Porto, but the move never materialised. When he moved to Maccabi Tel Aviv, Mayuka joined the team where he scored three goals. In April 2010, Mayuka renewed his contract at Maccabi Tel Aviv until 2014, on 1 December 2010, Mayuka scored two goals in the Europa League against Stuttgart in a 4–2 win. On 17 February 2011, Mayuka scored a goal against Russian club FC Zenit Saint Petersburg in a 1/32 final UEFA Europa League match to help his team to a 2–1 home win. On 28 August 2012, he agreed a deal to join Premier League side Southampton on a deal for an undisclosed fee. He made his debut for the Saints against Manchester United at St. Marys Stadium on 2 September 2012 and he appeared again as a substitute in a 4–1 victory over Aston Villa, winning a penalty for the fourth goal. On 22 December 2012, he made his first start in a 1–0 loss at home to Sunderland before being substituted after 55 minutes and his first competitive goal for the club came in a 5–1 victory over Barnsley in the League Cup on 27 August 2013. On 2 September 2013, Mayuka joined Ligue 1 side Sochaux on a loan deal. On 30 July 2015, manager Ronald Koeman confirmed that Mayuka had no future at Southampton and he failed to find the back of the net in any of his 16 league appearances for the Saints. On 31 August 2015, Mayuka joined French club FC Metz of Ligue 2, on 15 January 2016, Mayuka joined Egyptian club Zamalek on three-and-a-half-year deal. He was the youngest player at the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup, despite not scoring there, many soccer pundits and fans acknowledged his contribution to one of the finest youth squads in Zambian football history. Mayuka debuted for the side in the 2007 COSAFA Cup. Mayuka scored the first goal for Zambia of 2012 Africa Cup of Nations which was again by his teammate Rainford Kalaba second goal in the game with Zambia earning a victory against Senegal. In the same tournament, he scored against Libya in the group stage and he then played all 120 minutes against Ivory Coast in Zambias penalty shootout victory against Ivory Coast. Scores and results list the Zambias goal tally first. com
Bloomfield Stadium is a 14, 413-seat football stadium in the Tel Aviv District city of Jaffa, Israel. It is the stadium of Maccabi Tel Aviv, Hapoel Tel Aviv. Bloomfield Stadium was built on the land where Basa Stadium, home to Hapoel Tel Aviv since 1950, the First match at the new stadium was 1–1 drew between Hapoel and Shimshon Tel Aviv on 13 October 1962. The stadium officially opened on 13 December 1962 on a match between Hapoel and Dutch club Sportclub Enschede. In 2000, Hapoels city rivals, Maccabi moved into Bloomfield after hosting many of their matches at the national stadium, in 2004, Bnei Yehuda moved into Bloomfield making it the only stadium in the top three divisions of Israeli football to have three tenants. In September 2010, Bloomfield was granted Category 4 status by UEFA and it was one of four venues at the 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship, holding three matches in Group A. Since 2016, it has been under renovation for expansion to 29,000 seats, as a result, the three clubs will play their home games in Petah Tikva and Netanya until 2018. The stadium has hosted acts such as Phil Collins, The Black Eyed Peas, Scorpions, Barbra Streisand, Rihanna. Gate 1 – VIP section, media stand and seating area of all gold tier season ticket holders for all three tenants, gates 4–5 – Hapoel stands, during Maccabi games, is used for away stands, depending on the game. Gate 8 – Home stand for Hapoel, Maccabi and Bnei Yehuda, gates 10–11 – Home to Maccabis supporters. In Hapoel matches, this stand is used for visiting supporters, gate 13 – Home stand for Hapoel, Maccabi and Bnei Yehuda
Tel Aviv-Yafo is a major city in Israel, located on the countrys Mediterranean coastline. It is the center and the technology hub of Israel, with a population of 432,892. Tel Aviv is the largest city in the Gush Dan region of Israel, Tel Aviv is also a focal point in the high-tech concentration known as the Silicon Wadi. Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, headed by Ron Huldai, Tel Aviv is a global city, and is the thirty eighth most important financial center in the world. Tel Aviv is known to have the third-largest economy of any city in the Middle East after Abu Dhabi and Kuwait City, the city receives over a million international visitors annually. Known as The City that Never Sleeps and a party capital, it has a lively nightlife, the city was founded in 1909 by Jewish immigrants on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa. It is named after the Hebrew translation of Theodor Herzls 1902 novel, Altneuland, the modern citys first neighbourhoods had already been established in 1886, the first being Neve Tzedek. Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced Jaffas, Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the establishment of the State of Israel. Tel Avivs White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, Tel Aviv is the Hebrew title of Theodor Herzls Altneuland, translated from German by Nahum Sokolow. The name was chosen in 1910 from several suggestions, including Herzliya and it was found fitting as it embraced the idea of a renaissance in the ancient Jewish homeland. Aviv is Hebrew for spring, symbolizing renewal, and tel is a man-made mound accumulating layers of civilization built one over the other and symbolizing the ancient. Although founded in 1909 as a settlement on the sand dunes North of Jaffa. The marketing pamphlets advocating for its establishment in 1906, wrote, In this city we will build the streets so they have roads and sidewalks and electric lights. Every house will have water wells that will flow through pipes as in every modern European city. Since 1886, Jewish settlers had founded new neighborhoods outside Jaffa on the current territory of Tel Aviv, the first was Neve Tzedek, built on lands owned by Aharon Chelouche and inhabited primarily by Mizrahi Jews. Other neighborhoods were Neve Shalom, Yafa Nof, Achva, Ohel Moshe, Kerem HaTeimanim, once Tel Aviv received city status in the 1920s, those neighborhoods joined the newly formed municipality, now becoming separated from Jaffa. The Second Aliyah led to further expansion, in 1906, a group of Jews, among them residents of Jaffa, followed the initiative of Akiva Aryeh Weiss and banded together to form the Ahuzat Bayit society. The societys goal was to form a Hebrew urban centre in an environment, planned according to the rules of aesthetics
The Levita Stadium is a football stadium in Kfar Saba, Israel. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the stadium of Hapoel Kfar Saba. Initial plans for building this stadium were drawn in the late 1960s, however, financial difficulties caused the construction to stop mid-way in 1973 after the Yom Kippur War. The stadium was completed in 1986 and is capacity of 5,800
Kfar Saba, officially Kefar Sava, is a city in the Sharon region, of the Central District of Israel. In 2015 it had a population of 96,922, the origins of the name are not known - in Hebrew it means grandfathers village. Kfar Saba also appears in the Talmud in connection to corn tithing, excavations on the site have revealed the remains of a large Roman bathhouse. In the Byzantine periods the ruins of the bathhouse were first converted into fish pools, in 1596, the Arab village of Kafr Saba was inhabited by 42 Muslim families. In the 1870s it was described as a mud village of moderate size with mud-ponds around it and good water in the wells of Neby Yemin, the Jewish town of Kfar Saba was established in 1898 on 7,500 dunams of land purchased from the Arab village. The Ottoman pasha of Nablus, to whose governorate the land belonged, refused to give building permits, therefore the first settlers lived in huts made of clay and they earned their living by growing almonds, grapes and olives. Most of the manual laborers on the land were peasants from Qalqilya, only in 1912 were permits given and the settlers moved to permanent housing. In the Palestine campaign of World War I, Kfar Saba was on the front line between General Allenbys British Army and the Ottoman army, and was destroyed, at the same time about a thousand residents of Tel Aviv and Jaffa came to live in the town. They had been deported from their homes by the Ottomans. Due to the Jaffa riots of 1921 these deportees returned to their original cities, in 1922 the original residents returned and in 1924 additional settlers joined them. In this period the cultivation of citrus fruit developed, the first elections for the local council were held. In August 1947, a Jewish man was shot to death outside the village. In December 1947, Arab and Jewish leaders in the area pledged to keep the peace between the local communities, in the months leading up to the 1948 war, Kfar Saba was attacked by local militia from Arab Kafr Saba. The Arab Liberation Army, an army consisting of volunteers from several neighboring Arab countries, in 1962 Kfar Saba was awarded city status, with head of the local council, Mordechai Surkis, becoming its first mayor. Located just across the Green Line from Kalkilya, Kfar Saba has been a frequent target of terrorist attacks, in May 2001, a Palestinian Arab suicide bomber wearing an explosive belt killed a doctor and wounded 50 at a bus stop in Kfar Saba. In March 2002, a Palestinian terrorist opened fire on passersby at an intersection, killing an Israeli girl. In April 2003, a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at the Kfar Saba train station during the rush hour, killing a security guard. The census of 1922 listed the population of Kfar Saba as 14 Jews, by the census of 1931 it had grown to 1405 inhabitants, in 395 houses
Lior Refaelov is an Israeli footballer who plays for Belgian Pro League side Club Brugge as an attacking midfielder or winger. He began his career at Maccabi Haifa, where he won the Israeli Premier League three times, in 2011, he transferred to Brugge for €2.5 million, and scored the winning goal in the Belgian Cup final in 2015. Refaelov made his international debut in 2007, and has since earned over 30 caps for Israel. In 1998, Refaelov began to play in Maccabi Haifa youth teams, in the 2002–03 season he moved up from the under-16 team to the youth team of the club, and scored already in his first against Neve Yossef. During the 2003–04 season he scored 7 goals in the team, lead it to the youth championship. His first goal in the first team he scored at 2004–05 season on a penalty kick against Hapoel Nazareth Illit, in the 2008–09 season, he scored 9 goals and won the championship with Maccabi Haifa. In the 2010–11 season, He was voted player of the year in the Israeli football, on 20 June 2011, Refaelov signed with Belgian Pro League side Club Brugge for a fee of €2.5 million and 15% from the next sale. In his first season with the Brugge he scored 7 goals, in the next season, Refalov had a great form as he scored 12 goals and made 10 assists. In the 2013–14 season he scored 5 goals and made 14 assists and was one of the most valuable players of the club as they finished third in the league. On 6 November 2014, he scored a hat-trick as Brugge won 4–0 away to FC Copenhagen to go top of their UEFA Europa League group. On 22 March 2015, he scored with an added-time volley the winning goal in the Belgian Cup final, a year later he repeated the feat, scoring in the 2016 Belgian Cup Final, however this time around Club Brugge lost the final 2-1 to Standard Liege. Refaelov represented Israel in the 2003 UEFA European Under-17 Championship in Portugal and he made his debut for the national team in an away friendly against Belarus on 22 August 2007, replacing Idan Tal for the last nine minutes of a 1–2 defeat. His next appearance came on 26 May 2010, against Uruguay at the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo, scores and results list Israels goal tally first. com
Ramat Gan is a city in the Tel Aviv District of Israel, located east of Tel Aviv. It is home to one of the major diamond exchanges. Ramat Gan was established in 1921 as a moshava, a farming settlement. The mayor of Ramat Gan is Yisrael Zinger, Ramat Gan was established by the Ir Ganim association in 1921 as a satellite town of Tel Aviv. The first plots of land were purchased between 1914–1918, the settlement was initially a moshava, a Zionist agricultural colony that grew wheat, barley and watermelons. The name of the settlement was changed to Ramat Gan in 1923, the settlement continued to operate as a moshava until 1933, although it achieved local council status in 1926. At this time it had 450 residents, in the 1940s, Ramat Gan became a battleground in the countrys language war, A Yiddish language printing press in Ramat Gan was blown up by Hebrew-language extremists. Over the years, the economy shifted from agriculture to commerce, by 1946, the population had grown to 12,000. In 1950, Ramat Gan was recognized as a city, in 1955, it had a population of 55,000. The first mayor was Avraham Krinitzi who remained in office for 43 years, in 1961, the municipal area of Ramat Gan expanded eastward, to encompass the area that includes the Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer and Bar Ilan University. In 1968, the worlds largest diamond exchange opened in Ramat Gan, the Sheba Medical Center and the Israel Diamond Exchange are located in Ramat Gan. Ramat Gan is located in the Gush Dan metropolitan area east of Tel Aviv and it is bounded in the north by the Yarkon River and in the east by Bnei Brak. Ramat Gan experiences an average of 500 mm of rainfall per year and is located and it is built on limestone hills. Ramat Gan parks include The National Park which covers some 1,900 dunams, 25% of Ramat Gan is covered by public parkland. According to the 1931 census Ramat Gan had 975 inhabitants, in 253 houses, as of 2006, Ramat Gan had 129,700 residents, on an area of 12,000 dunams. The population was growing at a rate of 1. 0% per annum with 90% of this growth coming through natural increase, the population density of the city is 9,822.6 per square kilometer, one of the highest in Israel. In terms of the origin of Ramat Gans residents,42,900 originate from Europe and America,10,200 from Africa,29,200 from Asia, and 40,600 from Israel. 86,200 of the residents of Ramat Gan were born in Israel, according to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, as of 2001, Ramat Gans socioeconomic ranking stood at 8 out of 10