Basketball is a non-contact team sport played on a rectangular court by two teams of five players each. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high that is mounted to a backboard at each end of the court. The game was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket being defended by the opposition team during regular play. A field goal scores three points for the team if the player shoots from behind the three-point line. A team can score via free throws, which are worth one point, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time is mandated when the score is tied at the end of regulation. The ball can be advanced on the court by passing it to a teammate and it is a violation to lift, or drag, ones pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling. The game has many techniques for displaying skill—ball-handling, passing, dunking, shot-blocking.
The point guard directs the on court action of the team, implementing the coachs game plan, Basketball is one of the worlds most popular and widely viewed sports. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague, the FIBA Basketball World Cup attracts the top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for teams, like EuroBasket. The FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup features the top womens basketball teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA, whereas the EuroLeague Women has been dominated by teams from the Russian Womens Basketball Premier League, in early December 1891, Canadian Dr. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied, after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball and these laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable.
Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith, dribbling was not part of the original game except for the bounce pass to teammates. Passing the ball was the means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a part of the game around the 1950s
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
France national basketball team
The French national basketball team is the national basketball team representing France. It is administrated by the Fédération Française de Basket-Ball, France has been a regular at FIBA EuroBasket, with 37 appearances, the most of any nation. Its best results have been a medal at FIBA EuroBasket 2013. The French squad has won two silver medals at the Summer Olympics, in 1948 and 2000. Frances best result at the FIBA Basketball World Cup came in 2014, throughout its history, Frances national basketball team has experienced many ups and downs. The time periods where the team earned medals have been quite streaky. In Europe, team France started out as a fierce competitor and its period of glory at the world stage began in the late 1940s / early 1950s. At the 1948 Olympics in London, the France team led by Robert Busnel won an Olympic silver medal, the French finished second only to the United States. The following years were less glorious, Frances basketball team seemingly declined gradually to disappear almost completely from the two major world competitions during the 1960s and 1970s.
After the disappointing 60s and 70s, the 1980s were marked by a generation of hope, counting in its ranks French basketball icons such as Richard Dacoury, Stephane Ostrowski, during this decade, France returned to the Olympics, and the 1986 FIBA World Championship. During the 1990s Team France had its moments to shine despite some internal struggles, at the European meetings, the team did not win a medal despite some good performances. The years 1999 and 2000, marked a turnaround for French basketball, in 2000, team France traveled to the Olympics in Sydney, full of ambition, which developed the means for major achievement. After this event, the Olympic vice-champion gained new backbone in Tony Parker who was selected by the San Antonio Spurs in the 2001 NBA Draft, France lost the quarter-finals to Germany 77–81 and finished 6th place overall. During this time, most of Frances players cleared their spots for a new generation of players, the stated objective was the title, which would come as the second within a short time-period to Tony Parker who had won the NBA title only a few months ago.
At the end, France even failed to qualify for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, hoping not to repeat the disappointing performance of 2003, Frances squad again saw some considerable changes in 2005. The new coach Claude Bergeaud, surprisingly selected Frédéric Weis, a player once drafted at the 1999 NBA Draft. After a sobering first round, team France improved to stunning performances in the playoffs, France eliminated world champion Serbia-Montenegro on their home court, the team defeated the European champion Lithuania. Then, in a game against Greece where both side battled each other through tough defense, France failed in the last second after leading by seven points,45 seconds before the game ended
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, unitary, parliamentary republic with a cultural heritage. The country is encircled by seas on three sides, the Aegean Sea is to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles, Ankara is the capital while Istanbul is the countrys largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Approximately 70-80% of the countrys citizens identify themselves as ethnic Turks, other ethnic groups include legally recognised and unrecognised minorities. Kurds are the largest ethnic minority group, making up approximately 20% of the population, the area of Turkey has been inhabited since the Paleolithic by various ancient Anatolian civilisations, as well as Assyrians, Thracians, Phrygians and Armenians. After Alexander the Greats conquest, the area was Hellenized, a process continued under the Roman Empire.
The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, the empire reached the peak of its power in the 16th century, especially during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. During the war, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, following the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states. Turkey is a member of the UN, an early member of NATO. Turkeys growing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power while her location has given it geopolitical, the name of Turkey is based on the ethnonym Türk. The first recorded use of the term Türk or Türük as an autonym is contained in the Old Turkic inscriptions of the Göktürks of Central Asia, the English name Turkey first appeared in the late 14th century and is derived from Medieval Latin Turchia. Similarly, the medieval Khazar Empire, a Turkic state on the shores of the Black.
The medieval Arabs referred to the Mamluk Sultanate as al-Dawla al-Turkiyya, the Ottoman Empire was sometimes referred to as Turkey or the Turkish Empire among its European contemporaries. The Anatolian peninsula, comprising most of modern Turkey, is one of the oldest permanently settled regions in the world, various ancient Anatolian populations have lived in Anatolia, from at least the Neolithic period until the Hellenistic period. Many of these peoples spoke the Anatolian languages, a branch of the larger Indo-European language family, in fact, given the antiquity of the Indo-European Hittite and Luwian languages, some scholars have proposed Anatolia as the hypothetical centre from which the Indo-European languages radiated. The European part of Turkey, called Eastern Thrace, has been inhabited since at least forty years ago. It is the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date, the settlement of Troy started in the Neolithic Age and continued into the Iron Age
FIBA Basketball World Cup
It is considered to be the flagship event of the International Basketball Federation. The world championship is considered to be just as prestigious as the basketball gold medal. The championship has held every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1950. The tournament structure is similar, but not identical, to that of the FIFA World Cup, a parallel event for womens teams, now known as the FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup, is held quadrennially. From 1986 through 2014, the mens and womens championships were held in the same year, the current format of the tournament involves 24 teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation. The winning team receives the Naismith Trophy, first awarded in 1967, the current champions are the United States, who defeated Serbia in the final of the 2014 tournament. Following the 2014 FIBA championships for men and women, the mens World Cup was scheduled on a new four-year cycle to avoid conflict with the FIFA World Cup, the next mens World Cup will be held in 2019, in the year following the FIFA World Cup.
All FIBA World Championship/World Cup tournaments from the 1994 edition onward, are considered as fully professional level tournaments. The FIBA Basketball World Cup was conceived at a meeting of the FIBA World Congress at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Long-time FIBA Secretary-General Renato William Jones urged FIBA to adopt a World Championship, similar to the FIFA World Cup, the FIBA Congress, seeing how successful the 23-team Olympic tournament was that year, agreed to the proposal, beginning with a tournament in 1950. Argentina was selected as host, largely because it was the country willing to take on the task. Argentina took advantage of the host selection, winning all their games en route to becoming the first FIBA World Champion, the first five tournaments were held in South America, and teams from the Americas dominated the tournament, winning eight of nine medals at the first three tournaments. By 1963, teams from Eastern Europe and Southeast Europe, between 1963 and 1990, the tournament was dominated by the United States, the Soviet Union and Brazil who together accounted for every medal at the tournament.
United States dominated that year and won gold, while former states of USSR and Yugoslavia - Russia and Croatia - won Silver, the 1998 FIBA World Championship, held in Greece, lost some of its luster when the 1998–99 NBA lockout prevented the American professional players from participating. New Yugoslavian team, now consisting of the former Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro, won the gold medal over Russia, while USA, playing with amateur players, in 2002 other nations eventually caught up to the four powerhouse countries and their successor states. Meanwhile, the United States team, made up entirely of NBA players and this new era of parity convinced FIBA to expand the tournament to 24 teams for 2006,2010 and 2014 editions of the tournament. In 2006, emerging powerhouse Spain beat Greece in the first appearance in the final for both teams, Spain became only the seventh team to capture a World Championship gold. The USA, who lost to Greece in a semifinal, beat Argentina in 3rd place match, in 2010 FIBA World Championship final the USA beat Turkey and won gold for first time in 16 years, while Lithuania beat Serbia and won bronze
Brazil national basketball team
The Brazil national basketball team represents Brazil in FIBAs basketball competitions. The team is governed by the Brazilian Basketball Confederation, abbreviated as CBB and they have been a member of the International Federation of Basketball since 1935. Brazils basketball team remains among the most successful in the Americas and it is the only team besides the United States that has appeared at every Basketball World Cup since it was first held in 1950. Basketball was initially introduced to Brazil by Professor Augusto Shaw in 1896, in 1912, he began organizing the first state tournament and in 1922 the first national team made its debut at games against Argentina and Uruguay. As in the case of football, South America was initially ahead of the rest of the world, in that decade, Brazilian basketball was supported by professional football clubs, to include it as a new sports section, although amateur in nature. Later, these clubs became professional and supported the team with world-class players.
In the following years, Brazil became a regular at international competitions. Its basketball squad participated in the first official basketball tournament at the Summer Olympics 1936 in Berlin, in 1939, the first continental championship was held in Rio de Janeiro. In the 40s, basketball was catching on more layers of society, the sport received the ultimate accolade at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. There, against all odds, the directed by Moacyr Daiuto managed to achieve the bronze medal. The team recorded six wins until it stopped due to the semi-final defeat to France. In the bronze match, Brazil beat Mexico. They managed to feature ten amateur players, the pre-Olympic Brazil concentration was very poor in resources. After its time-consuming journey to London, the team was astonishment when they saw how the U. S. team practiced, Brazil only had two for the whole team. One of the pillars of Brazilian basketball was the boldness of its coaches. The father of all is Togo Renan Soares, Kanela.
Working in the shadow of the giant football, Kanela understood that basketball would add more followers if it could offer new emotions. He aimed to get the media involved, so the game was conceived as a spectacle based on its dynamism
Tunisia national basketball team
The Tunisian national basketball team is the national basketball team of Tunisia. The team is governed by the Tunisia Basketball Federation, when Tunisia became the 2011 African Basketball Champion, it was the first North African country to do so in almost 30 years. To date, they have 19 appearances at the FIBA Africa Championship, ranking them behind only traditional African powers Senegal, Côte dIvoire, in 2011, they won their first ever FIBA Africa Championship, after beating Angola in the final. Their previous best finish was at the FIBA Africa Championship 1965 and they won a bronze medal at the FIBA Africa Championship 1970 and FIBA Africa Championship 1974. Led by All-Tournament First Team forward Amine Rzig, the Tunisians went 4–2 in the preliminary rounds and they reached the semifinals for only the second time since 1974, by another slim margin – this time a one-point victory over Mali. The Tunisians struggled to compete in the World Championship, losing all five of their games, and finishing last in Group B, after almost forty years of mediocrity in Africa, Tunisia has become one of the continents prime competitors again.
Its appearances at the stage have become a new milestone in the teams history. Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil and this is the 2015 FIBA Africa Championship roster. com video
Iran national basketball team
The Iranian national basketball team represents Iran in international basketball competitions, and is controlled by the IR Iran Basketball Federation. As of 2013, Iran is the reigning basketball Champion of Asia, the team won three out of the last five FIBA Asia Championship tournaments. The team won the Bronze medal at the competition of the 2006 Asian Games in Doha. Placed in the dreaded Group of Death alongside China, the Philippines, and Jordan, in the quarterfinals, Iran went 2–1, to make it to semifinals, following victories over Chinese Taipei and Qatar, and routed Kazakhstan, 75–62, in the semifinals. The Iranians beat Lebanon 74–69, with Hamed Haddadi scoring 31 points, not only did it avenge an 82–60 defeat in the quarterfinals, they became the first Western Asian team to win the tournament, and thus make it to the 2008 Beijing Olympics. In being crowned the 2007 Asian Champions, the Iranians qualified for the 2008 Beijing games for the first time in 60 years. The Olympic experience led to a flurry of opportunities for the Iranian players, as they traveled across the world in preparation for the games, Iran was placed in Group A, along with Lithuania, Argentina and Australia, suffering five defeats.
The Olympic experience opened doors for such as Hamed Haddadi. Winning the FIBA Asia Championship 2009 at Tianjin, was a sign on continuing progress in basketball, Iran defeated China, by a score of 70–52 in the final. Irans second consecutive FIBA Asia Championship gave them their first ever FIBA World Championship berth, Iran defeated the charged up hosts Philippines by an 85-71 win in the final. Iran was the team with two awards in the All Stars with Oshin Sahakian named for the Power Forward position. Irans third FIBA Asia Championship gave them their second FIBA World Championship berth, *Red border indicates that the tournament was hosted on home soil. Gold, bronze backgrounds indicates 1st, 2nd and 3rd finishes respectively, bold text indicates best finish in tournament. B or U18 indicates that the team was represented by its B or U18 team, The following list may not be complete Official website FIBA profile
Croatia men's national basketball team
The Croatia mens national basketball team represents Croatia at international basketball tournaments. It is organized by the Croatian Basketball Federation, the biggest success Croatia has achieved was at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics when the team reached the finals against the United States team and won the silver medal. Croatia has won one medal at the FIBA World Cup. Petrović, Ćosić, and Novosel are members of the FIBA Hall of Fame, Ćosić however never played for the Croatian national team, he was a member of the Yugoslavia national basketball team. Croatia played its first unofficial friendly game on 2 June 1964 in Karlovac, Croatian team played against US All Star Team and lost 65,110. USA players coached by Red Auerbach were Bob Cousy, Tom Heinsohn, after independence of Croatia in 1991, the first official tournament played by Croatians were 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. Croatia defeated CIS team 75,74 and reached the finals against USA Dream Team led by Michael Jordan, USA won 85,117 but Croatia won its first medal at major tournaments in history.
Next tournament was 1993 EuroBasket in Germany, before the championship Dražen Petrović died in a car accident on 7 June 1993 at the age of 28. Croatia still managed to reach bronze medal beating Greece 99,59, Croatia reached its third medal at 1994 FIBA World Championship in Canada. Croatia lost semifinals 64,66 against Russia but again beat Greece 78,60 for the bronze medal, similar happened at 1995 EuroBasket in Greece. Croatia lost semifinals 80,90 against Lithuania but beat Greece 73,68 for the time in a row in a bronze medal match. That medal was to date the last Croatian medal from major tournaments, at 1996 Summer Olympics Croatia won the 7th place. At 1997 Eurobasket in Spain new Croatian generation emerged and ended in 11th place, Croatia failed to qualify at 2000,2004 and 2012 Summer Olympics but ended 6th in 2008. Croatia failed to qualify to 1998,2002 and 2006 World Championships, at EuroBaskets Croatias best results were 6th places at 2007 and 2009. The following is the Croatia roster in the basketball tournament of the 2016 Summer Olympics. com
Greece national basketball team
The National Basketball Team of Greece is the representative for Greece in international mens basketball competitions and run by the Hellenic Basketball Federation. They were runners-up in the 2006 FIBA World Championship, after beating the United States 101–95 in the tournaments semifinal. They have won the FIBA EuroBasket twice, in 1987, after beating the Soviet Union 103–101 in the final in Athens and in 2005, Greece is currently placed thirteenth in the FIBA World Rankings. Basketball has a tradition in Greece, as the country was one of the eight founding members of the International Basketball Federation, more commonly known by its French acronym FIBA. However, the national team was considered as a second-class power in international basketball for several decades. It was the first ever international title won by a Greek national team in any sports. As a result, basketball became extremely popular in the country, Greece was to take part in EuroBasket 1935, the inaugural FIBA European Championship held in Geneva, but were not able to travel to Switzerland due to financial problems.
Thus, Greece made their international debut fourteen years in the EuroBasket 1949 in Cairo and that tournament has been marked as the weakest in the history of the competition, as most of the leading European basketball nations at the time refused to travel by plane to Egypt. They made their first appearance at the Olympic Games, taking part at the tournament in 1952. They didnt manage to qualify for the Summer Olympic Games and the FIBA World Cup but in 1979 they managed to win the medal at the Mediterranean Games. The beginning was their qualification for the 1986 FIBA World Championship, for the first time in their history, in the next year, Greece faced up their biggest challenge, as the country was the host of the EuroBasket 1987 and the team enjoyed a formidable line-up. Qualified from the round, they eliminated Italy and Yugoslavia. In the final, Greece faced the champions and heavily favoured Soviet Union. In front of 17,000 Greek fans at the Peace and Friendship Stadium, the European champions failed to qualify for the 1988 Summer Olympic Games for a first time in 36 years, despite a decent performance in the pre-Olympic tournament.
In the EuroBasket 1989, the champions were under pressure to prove that they could stand at the top level of international basketball. After they had qualified from the stage, the Soviet Union stood in their way in the semi-finals but Greece defeated them once again. Contrary to what happened two years ago, this time Greece had to overcome Yugoslavia and the home court advantage. Eventually, the Greek team bowed to the side taking the silver medal, their third medal in total