Scott Bradley Owen plays the double bass in the Australian punk rock/psychobilly band The Living End. After playing the piano for many years, he decided that the keys would not work for a rockabilly band, so at age 17 he purchased and taught himself double bass, so he could play rockabilly with best friend and bandmate, the vocalist and guitarist Chris Cheney. During their live shows, Owen is known for pulling his "bass stunts", most notably standing on the bass, tilting it on an angle, resting his right foot on the curve by the f-hole and his left foot over the belly of the bass near the bottom of the fingerboard. Owen has written a number of tracks for The Living End, including "Flood The Sky", "I Want A Day", "What Would You Do?" and "Stay Away From Me". He co-wrote "So Lonely" and "Black Cat" with Chris Cheney and "Short Notice" and "E-Boogie" with Chris Cheney and Andy Strachan, he played double bass for Paul Kelly on his song "Song Of The Old Rake" and features in the filmclip, set in a Bendigo radio station.
Owen uses Ampeg separate channels for bass and slap pickups. Owen has two children and Ginger, with his wife Emilie
You Am I
You Am I are an Australian alternative rock band, fronted by lead singer-songwriter-guitarist, Tim Rogers. They formed in December 1989 and are the first Australian band to have released three successive albums, which have each debuted at the number-one position on the ARIA Albums Chart: Hi Fi Way, Daily and #4 Record. Nine of their tracks appeared on the related ARIA Singles Chart top 50 with "What I Don't Know'bout You", their highest charting, at No. 28. You Am; the band have supported international artists such as The Who, The Rolling Stones, Sonic Youth and Oasis. You Am I's second studio album, Hi Fi Way, appeared in the eighth position in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums, their third album, Daily was listed at number fifty five. The same two releases were voted into the "Hottest 100 Australian Albums of All Time" list compiled by Australian youth radio station, Triple J, in 2011. Fourteen of their songs have been placed on the related annual Hottest 100 lists with "Heavy Heart", the highest at No. 9.
You Am I were formed in Sydney in December 1989 by Tim Rogers on vocals, guitar and Hammond organ. Tim Rogers and Tischler were old school mates. At an early gig, a fan provided "a big spiritual spiel about'.... I am you... you am i...'. The band took that as the inspiration for the working title" for the group's name; this initial line-up was short-lived, Jaimme left before the end of the following year after a "fight" with Tim, he was replaced by Mark Tunaley on drums. In the band's 1993 song, "Jaimme's Got a Gal", Tim explained. You Am I signed with an independent label, Timberyard Records, in May 1991 issued a six-track extended play, Snake Tide, it was recorded in February at Electric Avenue Studios with Phil Punch as engineer, mixer and co-producer with the group. Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, described the EP as "rough hewn". You Am I appeared at the inaugural Big Day Out concert, held in Sydney in January 1992. By April 1992 Tischler had left the band "because he didn't think he could fulfill Tim's vision".
He was replaced by Andy Kent, on bass guitar. In May they released a five-track EP, produced by Tom Kazas. An alternate nine-track version of Goddamn, expanded by adding four tracks from Snake Tide, was issued. McFarlane declared that "By that stage, Rogers had established his credentials as a fine songwriter and the band a reputation as an exciting, dynamic live act."By mid-1992 they had signed with another independent label, rooArt Records, on their subsidiary rA Records, distributed by WEA. The group released their third EP, Can't Get Started, as a five-track set in October 1992, co-produced by the band with David Price. Before the end of the year You Am. Late in 1992 Tim Rogers sent samples of You Am I's releases to Lee Ranaldo of American rock group, Sonic Youth. In January of the following year both groups appeared at the second Big Day Out festival in Sydney, Melbourne and Perth. While in Sydney, Ranaldo co-produced You Am I's five-track EP, issued in April. McFarlane opined that it was "bursting with kinetic energy and first-rate songs."
You Am." You Am I travelled to Cannon Falls, using Sonic Youth's Pachyderm Recording Studios. For eight days Ranaldo produced their debut album, Sound as Ever, with Wayne Connolly as audio engineer, it appeared on the ARIA Albums Chart top 100. Mark Morgenstein of AllMusic felt the work "shows this power trio in top form, with enthusiastic backing to well-written songs... was a little more consistent, this would be a classic."In May 2013 Rogers reminisced, "I lost an important person to cancer who I still think about every day and that experience pretty much coloured the whole record." He referred to his mentor, Stephen "Goose" Gray of Sydney-based rock group, Box the Jesuit, who had died of lymphoma in August 1993. " would have wanted me to stay in America to finish the album so that's what I did. But there's no nostalgia or good feelings about that time."In October 1993 ahead of the album's release, Tunaley was "fired from the band with a simple phone call." He had "wanted to play heavier music", however Kent and Rogers "wanted to play a more pop based rock".
Rogers considered disbanding the group but continued with Russell Hopkinson on drums and backing vocals. At the ARIA Music Awards of 1994 in March they won the newly created category, Best Alternative Release for Sound as Ever. Sound as Ever provided three singles, "Adam's Ribs", "Berlin Chair" and "Jaimme's Got a Gal". All three received high rotation on national youth radio station, Triple J. For seven days during mid-September 1994 You Am I decamped to New York. Again they worked as producer, to record their second album, Hi Fi Way. Ahead of the album, in November 1994, they issued a limited pressing of "When You Got Dry"/"How Much Is Enough" as a double-A sided vinyl single. "Cathy's Clown" was released as a single in early February, which peaked at No. 36 on the ARIA Singles Chart. Hi Fi Way rea
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
Richmond is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 3 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District in the local government area of the City of Yarra municipality. The 2011 Census listed Richmond's population as 26,121. Three of the 82 designated major activity centres identified in the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy are located in Richmond—the commercial strips of Victoria Street, Bridge Road and Swan Street; the diverse suburb has been the subject of gentrification since the early 1990s and now contains an eclectic mix of expensively converted warehouse residences, public housing high-rise flats and terrace houses from the Victorian-era. The residential segment of the suburb exists among a lively retail sector. Richmond was home to the Nine Network studios, under the callsign of GTV-9, until the studios moved to Docklands in 2011. Dimmeys is long associated with Richmond, although it is located in the neighbouring suburb of Cremorne; the suburb is well known for its popular factory outlets along Bridge Road, remaining an attraction to the area.
Richmond is well known for its popular Little Saigon area along Victoria Street. Richmond was named after Richmond Hill, with its outlook of the river bend, however the waterfront area was named Cremorne. Victoria Gardens Shopping Centre is a large modern complex built in 2001 to service the inner eastern suburbs; the Loyal Studley Hotel is now used as a homewares shop. Richmond Power Station was built in 1891; the Burnley Theatre is now a commercial homewares shop, but contains some elements of the original interiors, including the foyer and stage. 450 Swan Street, completed in 1995, combines an old bank and modern building in outstanding example of deconstructivist architecture, by Ashton Raggart McDougall. Richmond Town Hall is a landmark building operated by the City of Yarra, built in the 1880s and redecorated during the interwar years. Hotels include The Mountain View Hotel, Corner Hotel, Great Britain Hotel, The Rising Sun and The Swan and many others known for their live music. With a large number of small homes in its narrow streets, Richmond has some of Melbourne's best examples of residential architecture from most periods.
Notable examples include The Malthouse, a landmark conversion of silos into apartments by award-winning architect Nonda Katsalidis. The bluestone terrace homes at 13 & 15 James Street, built in 1857 in the rustic Gothic style for Eneas Mackenzie, a civil servant, are classified by the National Trust and are among the oldest homes remaining in Melbourne. Lalor House on Church Street, named after and former home of Eureka Stockade upriser Peter Lalor, is a rich boom-style landmark. From the mid-19th century, Richmond was a centre of manufacturing industry, including many large complexes such as the Bryant & May match factory, Jaques Limited engineering works, the Wertheim Piano factory and Pelaco. Richmond does have some parks and gardens and reserves, they are notably absent in the main centre of the suburb; the largest park is Citizens Park, bordering on Highett Streets. Other notable spaces include Barkly Gardens and the Allen Bain Reserve, as well as a number of smaller parks and reserves.
Other large parks are located in nearby suburbs, including Yarra Park and Melbourne Park in East Melbourne, the Golden Square Bicentennial Park, Burnley Park and oval, the Burnley Golf Course and a number of sport reserves and ovals in neighbouring Burnley. Pridmore Park, Yarra Bank Reserve, Creswick Street Reserve and St James Park are in Hawthorn, Dickinsons Reserve, Yarra Bend Park, Studley Park Golf Course and Studley Park are in Kew. In 2016 Richmond had a population of 27,705; the most common ancestries in Richmond were English 22.6%, Australian 15.8%, Irish 10.4%, Scottish 7.2% and Chinese 5.8%. 60.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Vietnam 5.0%, England 3.7%, New Zealand 3.1%, China 2.0% and Greece 2.0%. 66.0% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Vietnamese 6.6%, Greek 4.0%, Mandarin 2.4%, Cantonese 1.7% and Hakka 1.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 44.2% and Catholic 18.3%. Many religious groups exist in Richmond.
The local large Catholic community is served by St Ignatius' Church on Church Street and St James Parish. Anglicans have a presence in Richmond, served by St Stephens, next door to St Ignatius' Church. A Uniting Church serves its members with a Fijian presence, located on Church Street. Due to a large amount of Greek Immigration in Australia there is a Greek Orthodox Church, located on Burnley Street, open for mass every Sunday and brings together Richmond's Greek Community. There is a large Assemblies of God Church, Richmond AOG, in Griffiths Street. Richmond is home to the Richmond Football Club, an Australian rules football club, a member of the Australian Football League; the club has a cult following not only throughout the eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Richmond are arguably the biggest club in the AFL, with over 100,000 members in 2018 and have won 12 premierships, the latest being 2017, breaking a 37 year drought; the Tigers play the majority of their home games at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, just outside the suburb's border, attract crowds in excess of 50,000.
The team runs their administration from their spiritual home ground, Punt Road Oval. Although the club have not played home games at the Punt Roa
Paul Kelly (Australian musician)
Paul Maurice Kelly is an Australian rock music singer-songwriter and harmonica player. He has performed solo, has led numerous groups, including the Dots, the Coloured Girls, the Messengers, he has worked with other artists and groups, including associated projects Professor Ratbaggy and Stardust Five. Kelly's music style has ranged from bluegrass to studio-oriented dub reggae, but his core output straddles folk and country, his lyrics capture the vastness of the culture and landscape of Australia by chronicling life about him for over 30 years. David Fricke from Rolling Stone calls Kelly "one of the finest songwriters I have heard, Australian or otherwise." Kelly has said, "Song writing is mysterious to me. I still feel like a total beginner. I don't feel like I have got it nailed yet". After growing up in Adelaide, Kelly travelled around Australia before settling in Melbourne in 1976, he became involved in the pub rock scene and drug culture, recorded two albums with Paul Kelly and the Dots. Kelly moved to Sydney by 1985, where he formed the Coloured Girls.
The band was renamed Paul Kelly and the Messengers only for international releases, to avoid possible racist interpretations. At the end of the 1980s, Kelly returned to Melbourne, in 1991 he disbanded the Messengers. Kelly was divorced twice. Dan Kelly, his nephew, is a guitarist in his own right. Dan performed with Kelly on Stolen Apples. Both were members of Stardust Five, which released a self-titled album in 2006. On 22 September 2010 Kelly released his memoir, How to Make Gravy, which he described as "it's not traditional, his biographical film, Paul Kelly: Stories of Me, directed by Ian Darling, was released to cinemas in October 2012. Kelly's Top 40 singles include "Billy Baxter", "Before Too Long", "Darling It Hurts", "To Her Door", "Dumb Things", "Roll on Summer". Top-20 albums include Gossip, Under the Sun, Songs from the South... Nothing but a Dream, Stolen Apples and Fall, The Merri Soul Sessions, Seven Sonnets and a Song, Death's Dateless Night, Life Is Fine – his first number-one album – and Nature.
Kelly has won 14 Australian Recording Industry Association Music Awards, including his induction into their Hall of Fame in 1997. In 2001 the Australasian Performing Right Association listed the Top 30 Australian songs of all time, which included Kelly's "To Her Door", "Treaty", written by Kelly and members of Yothu Yindi. Aside from "Treaty", Kelly wrote or co-wrote several songs on Indigenous Australian social issues and historical events, he provided songs for many other artists. The album Women at the Well from 2002 had 14 female artists record his songs in tribute. Kelly was appointed as an Officer of the Order of Australia in 2017 for distinguished service to the performing arts and to the promotion of the national identity through contributions as a singer and musician. Paul Maurice Kelly was born on 13 January 1955 in Adelaide, to John Erwin Kelly, a lawyer, Josephine, the sixth of eight surviving children. According to Rip It Up magazine, "legend has it" that Kelly's mother gave birth to him "in a taxi outside North Adelaide's Calvary Hospital".
Although Kelly was raised as a Roman Catholic, he described himself as a non-believer in any religion. He is the great great grandson of Jeremiah Kelly, who emigrated from Ireland in 1852 and settled in Clare, South Australia, his paternal grandfather, Francis Kelly, established a law firm in 1917, which his father, joined in 1937. John Kelly died in 1968 at the age of 52, after being diagnosed with Parkinson's disease three years earlier. Paul Kelly was thirteen years old. Kelly described his father: "I have good memories, he was the kind of father that, well, I missed him when he died much; the older children were growing into him at the time. He was not well enough to play sport with me". Kelly's maternal grandfather was an Argentine-born, Italian-speaking opera singer, Count Ercole Filippini, a leading baritone for the La Scala Opera Company in Milan. Filippini was touring Australia in 1914 with a Spanish opera company; as Countessa Anne Filippini, she was Australia's first female symphony orchestra conductor.
She sang the role of Marguerite in Australian Broadcasting Corporation Radio Perth's performance of Faust in 1928. Kelly's grandparents started the Italo-Australian Opera Company, which toured the country in the 1920s. Josephine raised the younger children alone after John's death, but found time to assist others in need. Paul's oldest sister, became a nun and went on to write hymns, while a younger sister, Mary-Jo, plays piano in Latin bands and teaches music. An older brother, works for Edmund Rice International, with another brother, Tony, a drug and alcohol counsellor, who ran as an Australian Greens candidate in the 2001 and 2004 federal elections. Josephine Kelly moved to Brisbane, where she died in 2000, at the age of 76. Kelly attended Rostrevor College, a Christian Brothers school, where he played trumpet and studied piano, became the first XI cricket captain, played in the first XVIII football, he was named dux of his senior year. Kelly studied arts at Flinders University in 1973, but left after a term, disillusioned with academic life.
The Tote Hotel
The Tote Hotel is a hotel, pub and music venue on 71 Johnston Street, the corner of Johnston and Wellington Streets, in Collingwood, an inner city suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The first hotel was built sometime in the mid-19th century and in 1876 the Ivanhoe Hotel opened on the site and remained operating until the name change to "The Tote" in 1980 when the venue began hosting local and Australian punk, post-punk, heavy metal and hardcore bands; the venue hosted many independent local and international acts throughout the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s and carried a reputation for showcasing new and emerging independent musical acts of a variety of stylistic origins. The venue operated 6 days a week with performances across 3 settings, the "main stage", the "cobra bar" and the "front bar". Residencies were a popular occurrence at the venue. On 15 January 2010, due to high financial costs surrounding disputed liquor licensing laws, it was announced that the venue would be closing that same weekend.
A groundswell of community support for the venue and opposition to aspects of liquor licensing laws mobilised. Several groups on social networking sites sprung up, one such group attracting over 20,000 people. On Sunday the 17th, an estimated crowd of around 2,000 rallied outside the Tote; the events surrounding the closure, the rally and various petitions, sparked public and political debate about liquor licensing laws and live music in Melbourne and Victoria. On 23 February, a much larger rally of at least 10,000, the 2010 Melbourne live music rally, was held in central Melbourne, that same day amendments to liquor licensing laws were announced; the current venue is most named after an illegal betting shop operated by John Wren between 1893 and 1905, fictionalised in Frank Hardy's 1950 novel Power Without Glory. The connections between The Tote and The Tote are to be fictional. Upon the settlement of Collingwood from the 1830s to the 1850s, a dairy farm occupied the area for many years; the first building to occupy the site was a wooden shanty operated by storekeepers Messrs.
Howitt and Hale during the 1850s. Daniel Healey an uncertificated insolvent, purchased the land in 1867 for £400 and fraudently transferred the deed by trust to his wife and child, operating the site as a grain store before building a hotel. Sometime during 1870 Daniel Healey was the publican operating the hotel'Healeys', with his wife Bridget Healey, it was not profitable to begin with as Daniel Healey faced a second insolvency for debts amounting to £212 7s in April 1871. In 1876,'The Ivanhoe' hotel was established on the site. In his youth, their son, famous bookmaker Mr. Mick Healey would help run the hotel before obtaining his bookmaker license in 1884. New licensing laws in 1886 saw licensee Bridget Healey before the local courts for having a door open to the bar or unlocked during prohibited hours. Daniel Healey died 14 August 1894 at age 58. From 1893 to 1905, it has been alleged the venue was used as an illegal betting shop by childhood friend of Mr. Mick Healey, John Wren, though this seems unlikely, considering the Tea Shop used as a cover for this gambling was 200m across the road, backing onto Sackville Street.
It is around this time that the rumoured tunnels leading from the Tote's cellar to buildings opposite, are suspected to have been constructed. Bridget Healey died 8 February 1906 and the hotel ownership transferred to her daughters. In 1911, the present structure was built and continued to operate as'The Ivanhoe' but was now leased and not operated by the Healey family, it was not always run appropriately with daughter Margaret Walsh attempting to eject holder Eleanor Hunt on a 10 year lease for not conforming to the licensing act. Mr. Mick Healey died May 1940 and in June, after being in the possession of the Healey family for more than 70 years, the hotel was purchased by Mr. Stanley Bell, of the Eureka Hotel, Richmond. At purchase he stated the intent to make extensive alterations to the building. In 1950, the venue was famously fictionalised in Frank Hardy's 1950 novel Power Without Glory. In 1980, the venue began operating as'The Tote' and established itself as a centre of contemporary live music.
The Tote is associated with distinctly Australian rock n roll. Bands like The Meanies, Cosmic Psychos, Magic Dirt, The Birthday Party, The Spazzys, Underground Lovers, The Drones Mach Pelican and Miss Destiny were regulars at the venue. Bands that weren't all superstars but at the Tote, were treated like gods. On 28 September 1986 The Bo-Weevils recorded a performance at the venue, issued as Garage Twangin' Retard Rabble Sounds, on cassette that year; the venue has hosted many legendary shows by international acts also. Former booker Luke Roberts toured the likes of The White Stripes, Dead Moon and The Donnas to play the venue. Other bands to have played include Billy Childish and Mudhoney. There is a popular myth; the ghost is said to be neither friendly nor unfriendly and inhabits the landing of the stairs and is always seen making its way upstairs. The ghost is speculated to be a lost patron looking for the amenities, or a faded rock god whose demise no-one noticed, but the most popular story involves Squizzy Taylor the Melbourne gangster, a rowdy New Year's Eve patron and an uncooperative publican.
The original publicans Daniel Healey passed on residence 1894, Bridget Healey passed on residence 1906. On the day of 30 April 1905 a domestic servant named Ellen M'Carthy became the mother of an infant which she put in a box beneath her bed; when seen by another person the child was dead. No vi
A protest is an expression of bearing witness on behalf of an express cause by words or actions with regard to particular events, policies or situations. Protests can take many different forms, from individual statements to mass demonstrations. Protesters may organize a protest as a way of publicly making their opinions heard in an attempt to influence public opinion or government policy, or they may undertake direct action in an attempt to directly enact desired changes themselves. Where protests are part of a systematic and peaceful nonviolent campaign to achieve a particular objective, involve the use of pressure as well as persuasion, they go beyond mere protest and may be better described as cases of civil resistance or nonviolent resistance. Various forms of self-expression and protest are sometimes restricted by governmental policy, economic circumstances, religious orthodoxy, social structures, or media monopoly. One state reaction to protests is the use of riot police. Observers have noted an increased militarization of protest policing, with police deploying armored vehicles and snipers against the protesters.
When such restrictions occur, protests may assume the form of open civil disobedience, more subtle forms of resistance against the restrictions, or may spill over into other areas such as culture and emigration. A protest itself may at times be the subject of a counter-protest. In such a case, counter-protesters demonstrate their support for the person, action, etc., the subject of the original protest. In some cases, these protesters can violently clash. Unaddressed protests may grow and widen into civil resistance, activism, insurgency and political and/or social revolution; some examples of protests include: Northern Europe in the early 16th century North America in the 1770s France in 1789 The Haymarket riot, 1886, a violent labor protest led by the Anarchist Movement New York shirtwaist strike of 1909 Martin Luther King's 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, a key moment in the Civil Rights Movement SOS an Australian anti-conscription organization Protests against the Vietnam War Mexico 68 The Stonewall riots in 1969 protesting the treatment of homosexuals in New York City The People Power Revolution in the Philippines The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 The many ACT-UP AIDS protests of the late 1980s and early 1990s The Seattle WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity against the World Trade Organization Anti-globalization Protests in Prague in 2000 Anti-globalization Protests in Genoa from 18 to 22 July 2001 15 February 2003 Iraq War Protest Palestinian First Intifada Second Intifada Anti-nuclear protests 2010 Thai political protests 2011 Iranian protests Arab Spring protests Impact of the Arab Spring 2011 Occupy Wall Street protests Gezi Park protests 2013 in Turkey June 2013 Egyptian protests Euromaidan protests in Ukraine, Nov. 2013 through Feb. 2014 Black Lives Matter 2016 South Korean protests 2017 Jallikattu protests Dakota Access Pipeline protests 2018 Tommy Robinson protests 2018 Sadiq Khan protests 2018 Armenian Velvet Revolution A protest can take many forms.
The Dynamics of Collective Action project and the Global Nonviolent Action Database are two of the leading data collection efforts attempting to capture protest events. The Dynamics of Collective Action project considers the repertoire of protest tactics to include: Rally or demonstration: Demonstration, etc. without reference to marching or walking in a picket line or standing in a vigil. Reference to speeches, singing, preaching verified by indication of sound equipment of PA and sometimes by a platform or stage. Ordinarily will include worship services, briefings. March: Reference to moving from one location to another. Vigil: These are always designated as such, although sometimes "silent witness," and "meditation" are code words. Most vigils have banners, placards, or leaflets so that people passing by, despite silence from participants, can ascertain for what the vigil stands. Picket: The modal activity is picketing. Holding signs or placards or banners is not the defining criteria. Civil disobedience: Explicit protest that involves crossing barricade, sit-in of blacks where prohibited, use of "colored" bathrooms, voter registration drives, crossing barricades, tying up phone lines.
Ceremony: These celebrate or protest status transitions ranging from birth, death dates of individuals, organizations or nations, seasons, to re-enlistment or commissioning of military personnel, to the anniversaries of same. These are sometimes referenced by presenting flowers or wreaths commemorating or dedicating or celebrating status transitions or its anniversary. Symbolic display: e.g. Menorah, Creche Scene, cross