Kamalapur Railway Station is the central railway station in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The station is the largest in the country and the most important terminal for transportation between Dhaka and the rest of Bangladesh, it is one of the most modern and striking buildings in Dhaka designed by Berger Consulting. The design process started under the direction of Daniel Dunham followed by Robert Boughey. Opened in 1969. There was only one railway station in Fulbaria. After the partition of Bengal, Dhaka became an important city and Kamalapur was selected for extension. Prior to the station being constructed, the land was a paddy field. At the beginning of the 1960s, the station was built, at that time it was one of the most important establishments in East Pakistan, it was mesmerizing to people at that time. Kamalapur Railway Station project was undertaken by the governor of East Pakistan to replace the aging Fulbaria station and provide a more grand and symbolic gateway to the capital. Berger Consultants from New Jersey had opened a branch office in Dhaka in 1960 and won the contract to design the station.
Daniel Dunham headed the local office with an architecture degree from Harvard and Post-graduate degree from School of Tropical Architecture, London. His thesis project at Harvard was large span thin-shell concrete design and he explored many options to span the vast station roof. Since the governor promoted Mogul motif pointed arch for all government projects, it required exploring multiple options and an umbrella-shaped repetitive form that looked like pointed arch when seen from frontal view was one of the options explored during preliminary stages; when Robert Boughey took over the helm of the Dhaka office after Daniel Dunham joined the newly formed Architecture Department at EPUET, he went back to the umbrella scheme and won approval to proceed with design and preparation of construction documents. The vaulted domes were cast-in-place concrete with wood-framed formwork; the high roof element provided a grand scale, protection from rain and sheltered the two-story office block below to become a fitting gateway to Dhaka.
The station contains 21 ticket counters, local tickers can be bought from 20 ticket counters. Tickets are available to go to India. There are two waiting rooms, one for first class, the other for second class passengers; the station has eight platforms and there are two restaurants in front of the ticket counters. There are fast food shops near the ticket counters. There are 47 local trains, 40 mail/ express trains and 30 inter-city trains going through the station; the station has station masters, along with one station manager. Every day, thousands of people come through the station; the trains go to many parts of Bangladesh such as-Jamalpur, Khulna, Sylhet, Dinajpur etc. The platforms are always populated. There are lots of guards inside and outside of the station to control the area; the station is sometimes used as a sleeping place for homeless people. Narayanganj-Bahadurabad Ghat Line Rajshahi railway station Airport railway station, Dhaka Rahman, Mahbubur. "Architecture". In Islam, Sirajul. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh.
Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. James-Chakraborty, Kathleen. "Reinforced concrete in Louis Kahn's National Assembly, Dhaka: Modernity and modernism in Bangladeshi architecture". Frontiers of Architectural Research. 3: 81–88. Doi:10.1016/j.foar.2014.01.003. Daniel Dunham, Pioneer of Modern Architecture in Bangladesh by Rafique Islam ISBN 978-0-9834694-3-8 pages 83-90 Kamalapur Railway Stayion Media related to Kamalapur Railway Station at Wikimedia Commons
ABC Radio Melbourne is an ABC Local Radio station in Melbourne, Australia. Known by its callsign 3LO, it began transmission on 13 October 1924 – Melbourne's second radio station after 3AR. Most Local Radio stations in Victoria simulcast ABC Radio Melbourne's programming when not airing local shows for their areas; the station was owned by the Australian Broadcasting Company which represented, amongst others, J and N Tait and Nunn Limited and The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd. It was named after 2LO in England, where the LO stood for London. However, many radio historians believe the following alternative reason for the name: the first landline between the studio and transmitter did not work properly and, therefore, a second line was put into use, someone with a sense of humour named the station 2LO, standing for Second Line Out; the station began transmission with an outside broadcast of a performance of'La Bohème' featuring Dame Nellie Melba, from His Majesty's Theatre. From 1928 the Postmaster-General's Department was responsible for the technical side of all Australian A Class stations including 3LO.
The Australian Broadcasting Company was given a licence to provide all programming – an arrangement which remained until 1932 when the Australian Broadcasting Commission was formed. The two Melbourne stations had a studio in Melbourne Place, a laneway off Russell Street near Little Collins Street, until the building of Broadcast House in Lonsdale Street in 1945; the 3LO on-air studio at Broadcast House was studio 308, although for many years the news broadcasts came from Marland House in Bourke Street. The studios were transferred to the ABC's new Southbank Centre in 1995. In its early days the station was involved in programs, such as Kindergarten of the Air, giving children in regional areas greater social awareness and preparation for school. In early 2006, with the start of the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games, the ABC set up what was known as "The G-Spot" at Federation Square – an outside broadcast studio where members of the public could watch and participate in the broadcast. At the same time, ABC Radio Melbourne became the second Local Radio station to introduce streaming broadcasts in addition to its regular radio broadcast, subject to sporting rights and legal concerns.
ABC Radio Melbourne provides a mix of local and national news, current affairs and sports programming. During part of the day it is identified as ABC Radio Melbourne and ABC Victoria, as much of its content is heard on other stations in the ABC Local Radio network in Victoria, it is available through online streaming. ABC Radio Melbourne's 774 kHz transmitter is located in Delahey, 20 km north-west of Melbourne's central business district; the station broadcasts at a power of 50,000 watts, covering the majority of Victoria, one of two transmitters using the callsign 3LO, the other being at Marengo on 89.5 MHz with an EIRP of about 327 watts serving the Apollo Bay area. ABC Radio Melbourne sometimes broadcasts live from events such as the Gardening Australia Expo, the Melbourne International Comedy Festival, the C31 Melbourne Antenna Awards, the Royal Melbourne Show and the Royal Geelong Show; the station is housed in the ABC Southbank Centre, which has four levels incorporating ABC Local Radio, ABC Radio National, ABC Classic FM, Triple J, ABC Dig Music, Radio Australia, Australia Network, ABC News and Current Affairs and ABC TV.
ABC Radio Melbourne is an official Emergency Services Broadcaster, a role it notably filled during the Black Saturday bushfires and recovery in 2009. Breakfast with Sammy J AM with Sabra Lane Mornings with Virginia Trioli The Conversation Hour with Richelle Hunt and Warwick Long The World Today with Eleanor Hall Afternoons with Jacinta Parsons The Friday Revue with Jacinta Parsons and Brian Nankervis Drive with Rafael Epstein PM with Linda Mottram Evenings with David Astle Nightlife with Philip Clark and Indira Naidoo Overnights with Trevor Chappell and Rod Quinn Weekends with Libbi Gorr List of radio stations in Australia Timeline of Australian radio ABC Radio Melbourne website ACMA 3LO Assignment Crossbandradio.com.