Benet Academy is a co-educational, college-preparatory, Benedictine high school in Lisle, United States, overseen by the Diocese of Joliet. Founded in 1887, the school was established in Chicago as the all-boys St. Procopius College and Academy by Benedictine monks, who operated the St. Joseph Bohemian Orphanage. In 1898, the orphanage moved to Lisle, about 25 miles west of Chicago, to be joined by St. Procopius three years later. In 1926 Benedictine nuns constructed the all-girls Sacred Heart Academy near the orphanage and school in Lisle; the orphanage closed in 1956 to make room for St. Procopius Academy, which separated from the college in 1957. Due to rising costs and waning enrollment, Sacred Heart merged with St. Procopius Academy in 1967 to form Benet Academy on the St. Procopius campus. Since numerous building projects have been undertaken to expand Benet's athletics and science programs; as of 2017 it is considered the second best Catholic high school in Illinois, seventh best private high school.
Admission is competitive and relies on test scores. All students complete a college-preparatory curriculum and may earn college credit through programs including Advanced Placement; as of 2009, Benet's average ACT test score exceeds state and national averages, more than 99 percent of students go on to college after graduation. The school's academic program has been featured in reports by the Chicago Sun-Times and U. S. News & World Report; the athletic program has fielded several teams that have placed fourth or higher in state tournaments. In the 2014-2015 school year the girls' volleyball team and the girls' basketball team both won IHSA state titles, which makes Benet only the second school in IHSA history and the first large school to win titles for both these sports in the same season; the boys' basketball team has broken two state records, including a 102 home-game winning streak. In the 2015-2016 year the boys' basketball team ended up getting second in the state, with the girls taking first, along with many other state titles in other sports.
Other activities include the annual Christmas Drive fundraiser and over 30 clubs and organizations, including the Math Team and Science Olympiad team, both of which have won awards in their state tournaments. Benet's performing arts program is praised and competitive and stages an annual winter musical, which sells out quickly. Many performers have been nominated for state-wide awards. Other productions include the fall play, one-act plays, variety show, spring play; the band program performed in will this year. Notable alumni of the school include NBA player Frank Kaminsky, former Illinois Attorney General Jim Ryan, Grammy-winning singer Dave Bickler. In the aftermath of the Great Chicago Fire, Chicago's working-class Pilsen neighborhood, a predominantly Czech enclave, expanded quickly. To serve this growing ethnic population, St. Procopius parish was founded in the summer of 1875, near the intersection of 18th and Allport Streets; the parish was named for Saint Procopius of Sázava, who founded a monastery in Bohemia in the eleventh century and became the first saint from Czechoslovakia.
Vilém Čoka served as the first pastor. Planning to build a school, Čoka left it to the community to decide if the school would be secular or Catholic, they chose a Catholic school, despite the fact that only 25 percent of Pilsen's Czech population was Catholic. As the parish outgrew his capacity to serve them, Čoka turned for help to the Order of St. Benedict. Rev. John Nepomucene Jaeger, the first Bohemian abbot in the United States, was urged to establish a monastic community to teach at parochial schools in Bohemian as well as English, he founded St. Procopius priory in 1885; the priory took control of St. Procopius parish in January 1886, Jaeger became the pastor. Jaeger founded a convent in 1895, consisting of nuns brought from St. Mary's Convent in Pittsburgh and headed by Jaeger's biological sister, Mother Mary Nepomucene Jaeger; the Czech-American media had pushed for a convent to prepare Czech-speaking nuns for teaching positions in Czech parochial schools, which had hired lay teachers trained in Austrian normal schools.
The nuns were transferred from Pittsburgh to St. Scholastica's Convent on Chicago's north side, but that same year moved to an old parish building at Ashland and 19th Streets, where they would remain until 1912. A section of the convent was converted into a music school. Graduates taught in parishes throughout the nation; the priory was elevated to the status of abbey by Pope Leo XIII in 1894, the monks founded a school for lay monks to help build a self-sustaining source of revenue. Failing to attract a single prospective applicant in over seven years, they expanded enrollment to students with no intention of joining the clergy; the two groups would be taught separately, the monastic students were trained to become priests fluent in Bohemian and English and prepared to preach to ethnically diverse congregations. Lay students were trained for employment in the business world. In 1900, Chicago had one of the largest Czech populations of any city in the world, with 75,000–100,000 Czechs living in the city's 10 Czech communities.
Some 50,000 Czech immigrants were served by the three Czech parishes of Chicago—16,000 to 20,000 of them by St. Procopius; these Czech immigrants wanted to assimilate into American society, but wanted to pass their language on to their children. The abbey established St. Procopius College and Academy in 1887 as a school that taught men of Czech and Slovak descent. It
Topola is a town and municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. It was the place where Karađorđe, a Serbian revolutionary, was chosen as the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1804; the local St. George Church is the burial place of the Ducal and Royal Family of Serbia and Yugoslavia; the name Topola means poplar. Topola is famous for its yearly Oplenac vintage festival, attended by several thousand visitors each year. Aside from the town of Topola, the municipality includes the following settlements, according to 2002 census: The region was settled after the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, seen in the many medieval cemeteries in villages of Topola. Despot Stefan Lazarević was buried in the nearby Crkvine hamlet. On June 20, 1459, the city of Rudnik fell to the Ottomans, situated south of Topola. A hamlet was named Despotovica in memory of the fallen Serbian Despotate; the region was further settled with the great migration of Serbs in the 17th century.
The town was established by Vožd Karageorge, on the right of the Kamenica River. The town was destroyed during the First Serbian Uprising, when Kučuk-Alija ravaged the Šumadija region in 1804 burning down Karageorge's house; the renovation began in 1805. With the successful revolts, Topola gains a political importance; the Vožd further expanded the town, from 1808 to 1813 he built large walls, konaks, a school, a church and many other buildings. Topola became the centre of Revolutionary Serbia. In 1814, just when the city was finished, the Ottomans tackle the Uprising and Topola was damaged, only ruins were left. Aleksandar Karađorđević, the son of Karageorge, renewed the city and settled people in a higher degree, streets were built with nicer buildings and shops. With the comeback of the House of Obrenović in 1858, Topola saw further development. Topola is an agricultural area and farmers are producing fruit and breeding cattle; the following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity: Topola has the preconditions necessary for development of a tourism industry.
Historical and cultural monuments exist: revolutionary and royal, ecclesiastical. It is a wine region, a large hunting ground Kamenica. Oplenac and mausoleum of the Karađorđević, built 1910-2 Nikolje Monastery, built in 1425 by Nikola Dorjenovic Karageorge's town, restored quarters of the 1810s revolutionary town Karageorge's church Peter's house, King Peter's estate King's villa, Karađorđević estate Queen's villa, Karađorđević estate Winegrower's house, former royal wine cellar, now gallery Oplenac Wine region Aleksandrović wine cellar Kamenica Hunting ground, hunting region Oplenac Vintage annual folk festival second weekend of October Official Topola Municipality Official Tourism Organization of Topola Official Topola Festival
Decatur is a city in, the county seat of, DeKalb County, Georgia, part of the Atlanta metropolitan area. With a population of 20,148 in the 2013 census, the municipality is sometimes assumed to be larger since multiple ZIP Codes in unincorporated DeKalb County bear the Decatur name; the city is served by three MARTA rail stations. The city is located 5 miles northeast of downtown Atlanta and shares its western border with Atlanta. Decatur was established at the intersection of two Native American trails: the Sandtown, which led east from the Chattahoochee River at Utoy Creek, the Shallowford, which follows today's Clairmont Road, crossed near Roswell, it was named for United States Navy Commodore Stephen Decatur. Shallowford Road, which led to the Shallow Ford, has been renamed Clairmont Avenue because it does not go to, from or past any place called Clairmont. Covington Road is now Sycamore Street because it leads to Covington and has no Sycamores on it. Nelson's Ferry Road, named after the local family which ran the ferry at the Chattahoochee end of the road, has been named Ponce de Leon after a family prominent, before Castro, in Havana, Cuba.
During the American Civil War, Decatur became a strategic site in Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. In July 1864, Major-General James McPherson occupied the town to cut off the Confederates' supply line from Augusta. On July 22, during the Battle of Atlanta, Confederate cavalry under Major-General Joseph Wheeler attacked McPherson's supply wagons and the Union troops left to defend the wagons. A historical marker at the old courthouse marks the site of this skirmish. We attacked Decatur on the 22d and took the town driving out a Brigade of Infantry and a good deal of Dismounted Cavalry. Our Brigade took the town, tho' it was supported on both flanks by a Brigade of Cavalry dismounted; the fight lasted about two hours and was hot for a while. The Yankees had the hills and houses on us and fought well for a time. Our dash was made to distract attention. We killed and wounded about one hundred and fifty. Our loss about seventy wounded. In the last half of the twentieth century the metropolitan area of Atlanta expanded into unincorporated DeKalb County surrounding two sides of the town of Decatur.
Concurrently many well-to-do and middle class white Americans fled the area to more distant suburbs. The 1960s and 1970s witnessed dramatic drops in property values. However, more the city has regained economic vigor thanks to several long-term downtown development plans that have come to fruition, making Decatur a trendy small mixed-use district with easy transit to downtown Atlanta. Over the past twenty years, it has gained a local and national reputation as a progressive city with a high level of citizen involvement that retains a small town feel despite its proximity to Atlanta. Decatur is located at 33°46′17″N 84°17′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles, all land. The Eastern Continental Divide bisects the city along the CSX trackage right of way. US 78 SR 155 US 278 Avondale MARTA Station Decatur MARTA Station East Lake MARTA Station As of the 2010 census, there were 19,335 people, 8,599 occupied housing units, 4,215 families residing in the city.
The population density was 4,603.6 people per square mile. There were 9,335 housing units at an average density of 2,222.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 73.5% White, 20.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population. There were 2,541 households which had children under the age of 18 living with them, 3,336 were a Husband-Wife family living together, 984 of households had a female householder with no husband present, 4,063 did not fit into either of the two mentioned categories. 3,263 of all households were made up of individuals of those, 1,814 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 19, 5.2% from 20 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. There are 44 males for every 56 females; the median income for a household in the city was $73,602. Males had a median income of $73,089 versus $58,580 for females; the per capita income for the city was $42,926. About 12.20% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over. Education levels for Decatur are above average for the Atlanta area, with 56% of residents having obtained a bachelor's degree or higher, 27% having obtained a graduate degree or higher; the Decatur City School District, which serves the city limits, holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of a pre-K early childhood learning center, five elementary schools, a fourth and fifth grade academy, a middle school, a high school. The Decatur City School District was the highest performing school district in Georgia on the SATs for the 2014-2015 school year; the DeKalb County School District, which serves unincorporated areas in DeKalb County around Decatur, operates the William Bradley Bryant Center in an unincorporated area near Decatur.
Decatur High School Carl G. Renfroe Middle School The 4/5 Academy at Fifth Avenue Glenwood Elementary Clairemont Elementa
Glenbard West High School
Glenbard West High School is a public four-year high school located at the corner of Ellyn Avenue and Crescent Boulevard in Glen Ellyn, a western suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. It is part of Glenbard Township High School District 87; the West campus draws students from Glen Ellyn, a small portion of Lombard, portions of Wheaton, Glendale Heights and Carol Stream. Glenbard West is known for its strong academic performance; the town of Glen Ellyn is passionate about athletics and West sporting events are packed with supportive fans. The first high school that area students attended was Glen Ellyn High School, which served students from 1916 to 1922; these classes were held at the DuPage Bank Building. By 1920, classes were spread between local church basements; the administrators decided to build a dedicated high school building. The district purchased a site on Honeysuckle Hill for the price of US$1; the current building opened in 1922 as Glenbard Township High School, the first of the district's high schools.
It was built in the style of a castle, complete with roof turrets. Glenbard, as it was named, was constructed in 1922 atop Honeysuckle Hill, overlooking Lake Ellyn. Built with dark red brick, the building was built with castle-like design, complete with a turret and other minor castle details. Glenbard West has a tower known as the sixth floor. From the window of the sixth floor tower, the Willis Tower in downtown Chicago can be seen on a clear day. Athletics were played in a gymnasium, built in 1936, in the school building itself, but with the construction of a $12 million state of-the-art field house across the street, the former gym was turned into the Robert D. Elliott Library, named after one of the most influential principals in the school's history. Biester Gym was built in 1958. Across the road from Glenbard West is Bill Duchon Field, where football, boys' and girls' soccer, track are played. Built in 1923, it was renamed in 1980 in honor of a head football coach who led West to several conference championships.
The stadium seats up with the home side overlooking Lake Ellyn. In 2001, Duchon field was named by USA Today as one of the top 10 places to watch high school football. Additions to the school were added beginning in 1926; the auditorium was built in 1931, the East Wing in 1953. Glenbard East was built in 1959 in Lombard, the original school became Glenbard West. There was a complete renovation of the school during the 1964-1965 school year, adding new choral and physical science facilities; the George Zahrobsky Botanical Garden, Shakespeare Garden and Poet’s Corner were added in years. A new library and field house were completed in 2001, the most recent additions, the science wings, were added in 2016. Bill Duchon Field was used to stage the football field scenes in the 1986 film Lucas, which featured rising stars such as Corey Haim, Charlie Sheen, Courtney Thorne-Smith, Winona Ryder, Jeremy Piven; the school building was used for shooting scenes. Glenbard West cheerleaders appeared as extras in the film, though the school colors and school name were changed.
The 1991 television documentary Yearbook was filmed here. It was featured in the post-apocalyptic book The Girl Who Owned a City by O. T. Nelson. Glenbard West has made Adequate Yearly Progress on the Prairie State Achievement Examination, which with the ACT, comprise the assessments used in Illinois to fulfill the federal No Child Left Behind Act. In 2015, U. S. News and World Report ranked Glenbard West #520 in the nation and 20th overall in Illinois. Glenbard West has been ranked among the top 1500 public schools in the United States six times, according to Newsweek's challenge Index. In 2010, the school ranked #900; the school was ranked #1022, #954, #673, #626, #684, #711. Glenbard West is home to a number of competitive activities; the Glenbard West Forensics team won the team IHSA state championship trophy in 1991. Since the team has won numerous individual awards in State Finals. In 2010, the team tied for second overall; the Glenbard West Theatre program performs in the Larry Shue Auditorium.
In 2008, the school's production of How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying was performed at the Illinois Theatrefest. The Glenbard West Model United Nations team annually competes at the Brown University, Harvard University, University of California and University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Model UN Conferences; the team has received numerous awards at each of those conferences. Glenbard West competes in the West Suburban Conference; the school is a member of the Illinois High School Association, which governs most sports and competitive activities in Illinois. Teams are stylized as the Hilltoppers; the school sponsors interscholastic teams for young men and women in basketball, cross country, gymnastics, swimming & diving, track & field, boys' lacrosse, volleyball. Young men may compete in baseball, lacrosse, wrestling, track & field, cross country, while young women may compete in badminton, track & field, cross country, softball. Cross country: Cross country: Football: Gymnastics: Gymnastics: Volleyball: Volleyball: Track and field: Official website Athletics website
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Farmington Hills, Michigan
Farmington Hills is the second largest city in Oakland County in the U. S. state of Michigan. Its population was 79,740 at the 2010 census, it is part of the northwestern suburbs of Metropolitan Detroit and is about 30 miles northeast of downtown Ann Arbor. Farmington Hills ranks as one of the safest cities in the United States, as well as in the state of Michigan. In 2010, the area ranked as the 30th safest city in the U. S. Farmington Hills ranks as the 36th highest-income place in the United States with a population of 50,000 or more and ranks as 14th America's best cities to live by 24/7 Wall St. Although the two cities have separate services and addresses and Farmington Hills are thought of as the same community. Features of the community include a renovated downtown, boutiques, a vintage cinema, numerous restaurants, exotic car dealerships, art galleries, public parks including Heritage Park. There are several historical sites including the Governor Warner Mansion. Both cities are served by Farmington Public Schools.
Farmington Hills serves as a major business center for the greater Detroit area. Farmington Hills is the home of the Holocaust Memorial Center, the only Holocaust Memorial in the State of Michigan; the Center's mission is to educate evils of the Holocaust. The Holocaust Memorial Center was located in neighboring West Bloomfield Township, but has since expanded and moved to its current facility. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.31 square miles, of which 33.28 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles is water. The first white settler in what became Farmington Township was a Quaker from Farmington, New York, named Arthur Power, he purchased land in 1823 and returned in 1824 with a group of families and associates to clear the land. The settlement became known as Quakertown. A post office was established in February 1826 with the name of Farmington; the original post office is still standing today, is a designated historical site. The township of Farmington was organized in 1827, the settlement was incorporated as the village of Farmington in the winter of 1866-67.
A fire on October 9, 1872 destroyed many buildings in the village center. Farmington was incorporated as a city in 1926. A small settlement was developed in Clarenceville, in the extreme southeast corner of the township on the boundary with Livonia in Wayne County. Stephen Jennings built a tavern and a general store to accommodate travelers on the plank road between Detroit and Howell; the name remains in the Clarenceville School District. Though the school buildings for Clarenceville are in Livonia in Wayne County, the school district serves a portion of Farmington Hills. In 1847, a post office named North Farmington was established a mile south of the township line as Wolcott's Corners. After the death of postmaster Chauncey D. Walcott in 1865, the office moved to the township line in the northeast quarter of section 4; the post office functioned until September 1902. In 1839, a post office named East Farmington was opened, but it closed in 1842. Before the remainder of Farmington Township was incorporated as the city of Farmington Hills, there were two other incorporated entities within its boundaries.
The first began as a subdivision named Quaker Valley Farms, incorporated as the village of Quakertown in 1959. The other was Wood Creek Farms, developed in 1937 as a subdivision by George Wellington of Franklin, who named it after a New England estate, it was incorporated as a village in 1957. The villages, together with the remainder of Farmington Township, were incorporated into the City of Farmington Hills in 1973. In 1964, the city of Farmington started a tradition; the festival is held in mid-July each summer, a fair is held in downtown Farmington which has exhibits of arts and crafts, stage entertainment, street food and family, a fun atmosphere. Gale, an educational publishing company owned by Cengage Learning, the auto loan company TD Auto Finance, are located in Farmington Hills. Other large corporations have branches in newly-built office buildings; the Nissan Technical Center North America and Nissan Trading Corp. are located in Farmington Hills. The Nissan technical center handled project engineering of vehicle bodies used in North America and Latin America.
It has a small laboratory, where as of 2012, several scientists were doing research on fuel cells. The company planned to add electrical battery and recharging of electrical vehicle research to the laboratory; as of January 2012 the technical center had 800 full-time employees. At that time Nissan planned to hire 150 more engineers to work in the technical center; the technical center opened in November 1991 at a cost of $80 million. In 2005 Nissan opened a $14 million design studio in Farmington Hills, the Nissan AZEAL was the first car to be designed there. Hitachi Automotive Systems Americas, Inc. operates the Farmington Hills Office in Farmington Hills. Hino Motors Manufacturing U. S. A. Inc. has its headquarters in Farmington Hills. The office is a sales and service office of a truck subsidiary of Toyota. In 2005 Governor of Michigan Jennifer Granholm celebrated the office's opening. A business park in the 12 Mile and Halsted area houses offices of Panasonic and Mercedes Benz. Panasonic moved into 90,000 square feet of leased space there in 2012, with plans to hire 60 full-time employees for a research and design center.
That space was unoccupied for four years and was leased by Motorola. Mango Languages, a language learning software compa
Naperville Central High School
Naperville Central High School is a four-year public high school located in Naperville, Illinois, a western suburb of Chicago. The school, which enrolls students in grades nine through twelve, is a part of the Naperville Community Unit School District 203; the school, notable for its strong academic standing and history of athletic accomplishments, has been ranked in the top 3% of high schools nationally by U. S. News & World Report. Several of NCHS's alumni are notable across a variety of fields, the school is unique in that it is the only high school in the United States to have its own Ancient Egyptian mummy; the present NCHS structure is on Aurora Avenue just outside the downtown business district in Naperville. The building is within walking distance of the Naperville Riverwalk park/trail network, is just north of Knoch Park and the Edward Hospital campus; the school is across the street from the historic Naper Settlement. The oldest part of the current building, known by some as the "3-Story Wing," was constructed in 1950 and was dedicated in 1952.
The previous building, which had housed the Naperville Community High School, was built in 1916 and stood on Washington Street, just east of the present location of Washington Junior High School. This same building was used as the original Washington Junior High School until it was replaced in 1977; the current Naperville Central building has received building additions in 1955, 1963, 1968, 1987 1992 and 2009. For the 1992–93 school year, three projects in three independent locations added a Student Services wing in the northeast part of the building, an auditorium in the northwest part of the building and a natatorium in the southern part of the building. Prior additions included a field house and renovations to the student cafeteria area in the late 1980s, the current school library, a large single-story classroom wing, known as the Flat Wing; as of the 2004–05 academic year, this gives the building a size of 439,660 square feet, not including the use of eight mobile classrooms in two modular units.
Additionally, the school is undergoing a massive renovation to restructure the "Three Story Wing". The entire inside of the "Flat Wing" is undergoing a more minor renovation; this renovation includes the reconstruction of the administration. The only sections of the school that are not being modified at all are the Auditorium and Aquatics Center, part of the physical education's department. For more details, see the district's Building the Future Page. There has been an increasing concern about the reliability of Naperville Central. Complaints of asbestos, leaky roofs, unorganized structure cause it to be the main focus of Naperville School District 203's "Facilities Task Force". Renovations began during the 2008–09 school year after successful passage of a local referendum. In 2008, principal Jim Caudill plagiarised a speech; the speech came from Megan Nowicki-Plackett, a former student of Naperville Central. Earlier in the year, Caudill had fired a newspaper adviser earlier over profanity, which began a free speech debate among the community.
The school district decided to remove Caudill from his principal position and reassign him to oversight of construction during renovations. Caudill was replaced by Bill Wiesbrook the following year. Wiesbrook was hired in 1996 and had worked as a dean to students and assistant principal of operations. From 1939 until 1992, the mascot was the Redskin. A series of public protests over "Redskins" as a mascot began in the 1980s and continued into the early 1990s; each time such a protest started, the student body was polled over keeping the mascot, each result ended with the student body voting overwhelmingly to keep it. The community, rallied to keep "Redskins" as the nickname. Nearly all uses of the previous Native American logo and references to "Redskin," or other names deemed to be "Native American"-themed, such as the former "Arrowhead" yearbook, were removed from the building that summer. A new school mascot, the "Redhawk". was chosen in October 1992, following months of acrimonious debated and a vote by students, went into effect in the 1993–94 school year.
One of the most notable displays at the school is an Egyptian mummy. Though not claimed or confirmed, Naperville Central may be the only high school in America to house such an artifact. Known as "Butch", it is stored in a glass case on the second floor of the school; the mummy was donated to the school in the 1940s by local doctor, who had purchased it in a curio shop. The mummy was wrapped up and forgotten in an attic at the school until it was accidentally rediscovered by a teacher in 1975; the mummy underwent restoration in the 1990s at the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute. In 2002, the National Geographic Channel visited the school and featured the school's mummy on an episode of its Mummy Roadshow television series; the mummy dates to 55 BCE. In 2008, Naperville Central had an average composite ACT score of 24.9, graduated 96.6% of its senior class. Naperville Central has not made Adequate Yearly Progress on the Prairie State Achievement Examination, which with the ACT, are the assessment tools used in Illinois to fulfill the federal No Child Left Behind Act.
One student subgroup failed to meet expectations in mathematics. In 2010, Naperville Central's junior class had a record 14 perfect ACT scores. In 2009, Naperville Central was ra