Manchester United F.C. Reserves and Academy
Manchester United Football Club Under-23s is the most senior of Manchester Uniteds youth teams and the clubs former reserve team. They play in the Premier League 2, the highest tier of the Professional Development League and they were champions of the former Premier Reserve League five times between its introduction in 1999 and its dissolution in 2012. The team also won the 2012–13 Professional U21 Development League 1 in its inaugural season, the team also participates in the Manchester Senior Cup and the Lancashire Senior Cup. The teams manager is currently Nicky Butt, a graduate in the 1990s who played for United until 2004. Butt stood in for Warren Joyce on a basis when Joyce was appointed Wigan Athletic manager on 2 November 2016. Joyce, who took over from Ole Gunnar Solskjær as manager of the reserves in December 2010, was previously the manager of Royal Antwerp, Manchester Uniteds feeder club in Belgium. From November 2008 to August 2013, the team played its matches at Moss Lane in Altrincham. For the 2013–14 Under-21 Premier League season, the team has played the majority of its matches at Salford City Stadium in Barton-upon-Irwell. Since 2014–15, the play its home matches at Leigh Sports Village. Rules set out by the Premier League state that at least three home games must be played at the clubs main stadium, Old Trafford. In previous seasons, the team has played at the Victoria Stadium, the home of Northwich Victoria, and Ewen Fields, Manchester United also has an Under-18s team that plays in the Premier League Under-18s Group 2 and the FA Youth Cup. The under-18s play their games at the clubs Trafford Training Centre in Carrington. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. The current academy is based at the clubs Aon Training Complex, the Manchester United youth team is statistically the most successful in English football, with nine players in the English football Hall of Fame. Manchester United also have the best FA Youth Cup record, winning on 10 occasions out of 14 final appearances. The academy comprises age-group teams ranging from Under-9s up to the flagship Under-18s, in 2007, Manchester United Under-18s were the inaugural winners of the Champions Youth Cup, intended to be a Club World Championship for youth sides, beating Juventus 1–0 in the final in Malaysia. Players who are playing at Manchester United, or for another club on loan from Manchester United, are highlighted in bold
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the name England is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means land of the Angles. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages, the Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape. An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins. Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6,000 years
William David Will Keane is an English professional footballer who plays as a forward for Premier League club Hull City. Keane had been with Manchester United since the age of 11, having spent one month on loan with Wigan Athletic in December 2013 and his twin brother, Michael, is a defender who currently plays for Burnley. Keane has also represented England at youth level, born in Stockport, Greater Manchester, Keane and his twin brother Michael grew up in the suburb of Heaton Mersey and attended St Bedes College in south Manchester. They were spotted playing football for South Manchester by Manchester United at the age of 11 and his next appearance for the under-18s came almost two years later, when he started in central midfield in a 1–0 home defeat to Stoke City on 21 February 2009. Shortly before their 16th birthday earlier in the year, both Keanes were awarded scholarships with Manchester United, which began in July 2009. At the end of the season, Keane made an appearance for the reserves in the Premier Reserve League Play-off Final against Aston Villa. After the game finished 1–1, the teams went to penalties, Keanes performances during the 2009–10 season saw him receive the Jimmy Murphy Young Player of the Year award. Keane was ever-present for the reserves in the league in 2011–12, scoring 14 times in 22 appearances, as well as four more in seven cup appearances. His best performance of the season came on 16 April 2012 and they again faced Aston Villa in the championship play-off, and again the match went to penalties, but this time Keane scored from his kick as United won 3–1. Keane was on the scoresheet again a week later as United made it a double with a 2–0 victory over Manchester City in the final of the Manchester Senior Cup. A knee ligament injury suffered while on duty with the England under-19s in May 2012 kept Keane out for the entire 2012–13 season. He made his return for the under-21s at home to Bolton Wanderers on 16 September 2013, three more goals followed in the under-21s next two matches, against Bury and Bolton in the Manchester Senior Cup. On 28 November 2013, Keane joined fellow Manchester United youngster Nick Powell on a loan at Wigan Athletic. He made his debut at home to Derby County the following weekend, only to be replaced by Grant Holt at half-time with Wigan 3–0 down, they went on to lose the game 3–1. After failing to find the net in four appearances for Wigan, after recovering from injury, Keane made a loan move to Queens Park Rangers on 31 January 2014 until the end of the 2013–14 season. On 22 January 2015 Keane joined Sheffield Wednesday on loan for the remainder of the season and he made his Wednesday debut on 27 January in a 0-0 draw at Hillsborough against Birmingham City. His first senior goal came from the penalty spot to level in the Owls 1-1 home draw to Cardiff Cty on 7 February. On 8 July 2015, Keane signed on a loan deal with Preston North End
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michelangelo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria. Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, Italia, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned also by Aristotle and Thucydides. The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name also applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world
Marcello Trotta is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Crotone on loan from Sassuolo. He is a current Italy U21 international, in September 2013, Trotta revealed that he would be interested in signing again for Napoli in the future if the opportunity arose, as England provided no new football at all. Trotta joined the academy at Premier League side Manchester City in 2008, the club described him as one of the club’s brightest young talents, with his skill and ruthlessness in front of goal. He only lasted three months with the club, Trotta signed a professional contract with Premier League side Fulham in September 2009. He made six appearances in the Premier Reserve League South during the 2009/10 season, Trotta made his first senior appearance for Fulham in a 2–1 FA Cup fourth round defeat to Everton on 27 January 2012. He replaced Danny Murphy after 87 minutes, in the days after the game, Trotta was the subject of loan attention from Scottish Premier League side Rangers as a replacement for Nikica Jelavić, but a deal never materialised. After featuring as a substitute through the latter months of the 2011/12 season. He was brought on for Alex Kačaniklić after 88 minutes and almost scored a goal in the minutes of a comfortable 3–0 win for the Cottagers. Trotta made two appearances during the 2011/12 season and also clocked up 14 Premier Reserve League South appearances. He netted five times in a 7–0 thrashing of Bolton Wanderers on 30 August, at the start of the 2012/13 season, Trotta signed a new deal which would keep him at Craven Cottage until the summer of 2015. He made six U21 Premier League appearances and scored three goals during the 2012/13 season, Trotta made his only appearance of the 2013/14 season in a 1–0 U21 Premier League win over Middlesbrough on 16 August 2013, lasting 81 minutes before being substituted for Dino Islamović. In September 2013, then-manager Martin Jol stated that Trotta is not the finished article yet and challenged him to step up a gear, in January 2014, Trotta was the subject of loan attention from a number of Italian Serie B sides. With the Cottagers playing in the Championship for the 2014/15 season, the talks were subsequently postponed until June, casting further doubts over Trottas future. Those doubts were confirmed when Trotta submitted a transfer request on 3 June, Trotta failed to receive a first team call under Magath or his successor Kit Symons and departed Craven Cottage on 9 January 2015. He made just three appearances in five years at Craven Cottage. Trotta moved on an initial loan to League One side Wycombe Wanderers on 24 November 2011. He scored in the fixture against Chesterfield on 20 December and again in the next fixture. Fulham confirmed that Trottas loan had been extended until 14 January 2012, after the match, Manager Gary Waddock labelled striker Trotta a goal-scoring machine after Trotta took his tally to six goals in four games
Fulham Football Club is a professional association football club based in Fulham, Greater London, England. Founded in 1879, they play in the Championship, the tier of English football. They are the football team from London to have played in the Premier League. The club has spent 25 seasons in English footballs top division, the latter spell was associated with former chairman Mohamed Al-Fayed, after the club had climbed up from the fourth tier in the 1990s. The club has produced many English greats, including Johnny Haynes, George Cohen, Bobby Robson, Rodney Marsh and they play at Craven Cottage, a ground on the banks of the River Thames in Fulham which has been their home since 1896. Fulhams training ground is located near Motspur Park, where the clubs Academy is also situated, Fulham were formed in 1879 as Fulham St Andrews Church Sunday School F. C. founded by worshipers at the Church of England on Star Road, West Kensington. Fulhams mother church still today with a plaque commemorating the teams foundation. They won the West London Amateur Cup in 1887 and, having shortened the name from Fulham Excelsior to its present form in 1888, one of the clubs first ever kits was half red, half white shirts with white shorts worn in the 1886–87 season. Fulham started playing at their current ground at Craven Cottage in 1896, the club gained professional status on 12 December 1898, the same year that they were admitted into the Southern Leagues Second Division. They were the club from London to turn professional, following Arsenal. They adopted a red and white kit during the 1900–01 season, in 1902–03, the club won promotion from this division, entering the Southern League First Division. The club won the Southern League twice, in 1905–06 and 1906–07, Fulham joined The Football League after the second of their Southern League triumphs. The clubs first league game, playing in the Second Divisions 1907–08 season, the first win came a few days later at Derby Countys Baseball Ground by a score line of 1–0. Fulham finished the three points short of promotion in fourth place. The club progressed all the way to the semi-final of that seasons FA Cup, in the semi-final, however, they were heavily beaten, 6–0, by Newcastle United. This is still a loss for an FA Cup semi-final game. Two years later, the won the London Challenge Cup in the 1909–10 season. Fulhams first season in Division Two turned out to be the highest that the club would finish for 21 years, until in 1927–28 when the club were relegated to the 3rd Division South, created in 1920
Bolton Wanderers F.C. Reserves and Academy
Bolton Wanderers Development Squad are the youth team of Bolton Wanderers and play in the FA Premier U21 League, Division 2. They also participate in the Manchester Senior Cup, although in recent years the teams entered in this competition have featured a number of youth players. Bolton Wanderers Development Squad play their games at the County Ground in Leyland. Throughout the history of Bolton Wanderers F. C. many of the clubs best known players have progressed through the reserve team and these include former captain Kevin Nolan. The Bolton Wanderers Academy was established in 1998 and is based at the club and it replaced the older, more informal youth system, and enabled the club to focus their youth development and scouting, employing new techniques and FA standards. It is overseen by former Bolton Wanderers F. C. player Jimmy Phillips and it provides a stepping stone for youngsters to progress to the highest levels of football at Bolton Wanderers. Scouts attend many local youth matches looking for talented boys, a boy will then be invited to attend training sessions at the Academy. They are taken in as young as the age of eight, between the ages of eight and twelve the boys play in eight-a-side games of three twenty-minute periods. It allows the boys to play as defenders or as attackers in small groups within a system and is not as demanding as playing eleven-a-side matches. The first player to graduate from the Academy to the first team was the club captain, Kevin Nolan who had previously been on the youth books of Liverpool. He has since been followed into the first team by Joey OBrien, Ricardo Vaz Tê, josh Vela, Zach Clough and Rob Holding amongst others. In December 2012, the Bolton Academy was awarded Elite status by the Premier League, in June 2015, it was announced that the club had sought to downgrade from a Category One status in order to save money. The following players are expected to play for the Bolton development squad during the 2016–17 Professional Development League, League 2. Three players over the age of 23 and players from the U18 side are also eligible to play in these fixtures, furthermore, at least two of the clubs development fixtures must be played at the Macron Stadium as per FA rules introduced in 2012. In addition the U-23 team will take part in the Manchester Senior Cup, Bolton are the current holders of the Manchester Senior Cup having beaten Manchester City 1-0 on 30 August 2015. In August 2016, the U21 side was renamed as the U23 side, after a consultation involving all 31 clubs in the Professional Development League 2, the development squad is managed by former Bolton midfielder David Lee after he was promoted to the role ahead of the 2016-17 season. As of 1 September 2015 Squad Numbers refer to players first team squad number, reserve and youth games are 1–11. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Norwich City F.C.
Norwich City Football Club is an English professional football club based in Norwich, Norfolk. The club currently plays in the Championship, the tier of English football. They were first promoted to the top flight in 1972, Norwich have won the League Cup twice, in 1962 and 1985. The club has never won the top flight, but finished third in 1993, the club was founded in 1902. The fans song On the Ball, City is regarded as being the oldest football song in the world which is still in use, the club plays in characteristic yellow and green kits and are nicknamed The Canaries after the history of breeding the birds in the area. They joined the Norfolk & Suffolk League for the 1902–03 season, but following a FA Commission, the club was ousted from the amateur game in 1905, deemed a professional organisation. Later that year Norwich were elected to play in the Southern League and with increasing crowds, they were forced to leave Newmarket Road in 1908, moving to The Nest, a disused chalk pit. During the First World War, with football suspended and facing spiralling debts, the club was officially reformed on 15 February 1919 – a key figure in the events was Charles Frederick Watling, future Lord Mayor of Norwich and the father of future club chairman, Geoffrey Watling. When, in May 1920, the Football League formed a third Division and their first league fixture, against Plymouth Argyle, on 28 August 1920, ended in a 1–1 draw. The club went on to endure a mediocre decade, finishing no higher than eighth, the inaugural match, held on 31 August 1935, against West Ham United, ended in a 4–3 victory to the home team and set a new record attendance of 29,779. The biggest highlight of the four seasons was the visit of King George VI to Carrow Road on 29 October 1938. However, the club was relegated to the Third Division at the end of the season, the league was suspended the following season as a result of the outbreak of the Second World War and did not resume until the 1946–47 season. City finished this and the season in 21st place, the poor results forcing the club to apply for re-election to the league. The 1958–59 season saw Norwich reach the semi-final of the FA Cup as a Third Division side, in the 1959–60 season, Norwich were promoted to the Second Division after finishing second to Southampton, and achieved a fourth-place finish in the 1960–61 season. In 1962 Ron Ashman guided Norwich to their first trophy, defeating Rochdale 4–0 on aggregate in a final to win the League Cup. They made their first appearance at Wembley Stadium in 1973, losing the League Cup final 1–0 to Tottenham Hotspur. Relegation to the Second Division in 1974 came after Saunders had departed and been succeeded by John Bond, a highly successful first season saw promotion back to the First Division and another visit to Wembley, again in the League Cup final, this time losing 1–0 to Aston Villa. Bond departed to Manchester City in the autumn of 1980 and the club were relegated six months later, Norwich had also been the beneficiaries of one of English footballs first million-pound transfers when they sold striker Justin Fashanu to Nottingham Forest in August 1981
Arsenal F.C. Reserves
Arsenal Reserves are the reserve team of Arsenal Football Club. They play the majority of their games at Meadow Park. The team mainly consists of Under-23 players at the club, with the under 21 players featuring for the Arsenal Academy side, senior players occasionally play in the reserve side, for instance when they are recovering from injury. Arsenals head of youth development Andries Jonker and his assistant Jan Van Loon oversee the development of the squad in general, Arsenal have had a reserve team since their early days based in Plumstead as Royal Arsenal F. C. with the reserve side initially set up in 1887. Initially playing friendlies and cup competitions, winning the 1889–90 Kent Junior Cup, in 1895–96 Woolwich Arsenal reserves joined the Kent League, winning the title the next season but leaving in 1900 or some time soon after. They later joined the London League and won three titles during the 1900s, from 1900–01 to 1902–03 the reserves played in the West Kent League, winning the title for every season they played. Too strong for the opposition, in 1903 the team moved to South Eastern League. Concurrent to this period, the reserves were entered in the London League First Division in seasons 1906–07, 1907–08, 1908–09, 1913–14. The club dropped the Woolwich from their name in 1913, becoming plain Arsenal, following the end of World War I, Arsenal Reserves took the first teams place in the London Combination league. For the 1926–27 season, the competition was expanded to include teams as far afield as Portsmouth, Swansea, Southend, during the inter-war period the reserves matched the first teams success, winning the Combination title eleven times. Additionally, from 1931 onwards the reserves were entered into the London FA Challenge Cup, winning it twice in 1933–34, to give opportunities to younger players, Arsenal created an A team in 1929. Initially the A team entered the London Professional Mid-Week League and were champions in 1931–32 and they competed until 1933–34, until, during the summer of 1934, Arsenal took on Kent side Margate as their nursery team. Arsenal agreed to send promising youngsters to Margate to give them experience in the Southern League and were given first choice on any Margate players, the two clubs enjoyed the relationship for four years before Arsenal broke it off in 1938. After that, Arsenal entered the team in the Southern League in its own right. Home games were played at Enfields ground in Southbury Road, the club finished 6th in 1938–39. At the start of the 1939–40 season the reserves played two Football Combination games and one Southern League game before football was suspended due to the outbreak of the Second World War, Arsenal did not run a reserve or an A team during the war. For the 1946–47 season, the Football Combination resumed but the league was split into two divisions with the winners of each playing in a final to decide the champions. A new competition was introduced – the Football Combination Cup and this was the same teams that played in the Football Combination but divided into 4 groups with the winners of each group playing in semi-finals and a final
Sunderland A.F.C. Reserves and Academy
Academy are the youth team of Sunderland Association Football Club. It is a member of the Professional Development League and they have won the FA Youth Cup in 1960,1961,2010 and were runners-up in 1958,2008. As of 8 March 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Newcastle United F.C. Reserves and Academy
Reserves and Academy are the reserve and academy teams for the Premier League club Newcastle United. The reserve / under-23 team plays in the Premier League 2 Division 2 and it also participates in the Northumberland Senior Cup each season. Newcastle Reserves play their games at Whitley Park, the home ground of West Allotment Celtic. In previous seasons the team has played at Gateshead International Stadium, the home ground of Gateshead, and Kingston Park. HKFC International Soccer Sevens,2012 As of 30 March 2017, the players that play for the Newcastle United Under-23 team are usually young professionals or third year academy players. The current players are, Young players are sent on loan to other clubs to aid their development. The Newcastle United Under-23 players out on loan are, Notes, The academy team plays in the Barclays U18 Premier League and is only for players 18 and below. Home games are played at the base at Little Benton, located to the immediate south of Newcastle Uniteds training ground. This is made possible by guaranteeing the best training, education, Newcastle is among those teams that run an Academy for their youth players without actually having their own youth training facility. This means that the teams practice at different locations, in facilities rented from universities or from the city. However, they are in the process of building their own purpose-built Academy, the academy comprises age-group teams ranging from Under-9s up to the flagship Under-18s. They play their games at academy base at Little Benton. FA Youth Cup home games are played at St James Park. The players that play for the Newcastle United Under-18 team are usually first, the current players are, Notes, The following is a list of players who have played in the Newcastle United youth team and represented a country at full international level. Players who are playing at Newcastle United, or for another club on loan from Newcastle United, are highlighted in bold. Awarded to the best young player of the year, named after legendary local player Jackie Milburn
West Bromwich Albion F.C.
The club was formed in 1878 and has played at its home ground, The Hawthorns, since 1900. Albion were one of the members of the Football League in 1888 and have spent the majority of their existence in the top tier of English football. They have been champions of England once, in 1919–20 and have been runners-up twice but they have had success in the FA Cup. The first came in 1888, the year the league was founded, and they also won the Football League Cup at the first attempt in 1966. The clubs longest consecutive period in the top division spanned twenty-four years between 1949 and 1973, and from 1986 to 2002 they spent their longest ever spell out of the top division and they currently play in the Premier League. The team has played in blue and white stripes for most of the clubs history. The club was founded as West Bromwich Strollers in 1878 by workers from George Salters Spring Works in West Bromwich, the club joined the Birmingham & District Football Association in 1881 and became eligible for their first competition, the Birmingham Cup. They reached the quarter-finals, beating several longer-established clubs on the way, in 1883, Albion won their first trophy, the Staffordshire Cup. Albion joined the Football Association in the year, this enabled them to enter the FA Cup for the first time in the 1883–84 season. In 1885 the club turned professional, and in 1886 they reached the FA Cup final for the first time and they reached the final again in 1887, but lost 2–0 to Aston Villa. In 1888 the team won the trophy for the first time, as FA Cup winners, they qualified to play in a Football World Championship game against Scottish Cup winners Renton, which ended in a 4–1 defeat. Thus when the Football League started later that year, Albion became one of the founder members. Albions second FA Cup success came in 1892, beating Aston Villa 3–0 and they met Villa again in the 1895 final, but lost 1–0. The team suffered relegation to Division Two in 1900–01, their first season at The Hawthorns and they were promoted as champions the following season but relegated again in 1903–04. The club won the Division Two championship once more in 1910–11, and the season reached another FA Cup Final. Albion won the Football League title in 1919–20 for the time in their history following the end of World War I. The team finished as Division One runners-up in 1924–25, narrowly losing out to Huddersfield Town, in 1930–31, they won promotion as well as the FA Cup, beating Birmingham 2–1 in the final. The Double of winning the FA Cup and promotion has not been achieved before or since, Albion reached the final again in 1935, losing to Sheffield Wednesday, but were relegated three years later
Aston Villa F.C. Reserves and Academy
The team were part of the FA Premier Reserve League since its foundation in 1999 and were winners of the 2011-12 Premier Reserve League South title, the last in that format. The team plays its games at Villa Park and Bescot Stadium. Aston Villa also have a side that competes in the Under-18 division of the Professional Development League. The side also won the NextGen Series in 2013, a Europe-wide tournament for elite academies, the Villa academy also developed England and Liverpool striker Daniel Sturridge and Arsenal midfielder Daniel Crowley. The U23 team is made up of players under the age of 23. These may include fringe first-team players and first-team players recovering from injury, the origins of the team date back to 1892, when Aston Villa Reserves joined the Birmingham & District League. Several titles followed after this achievement, including a run of 8 consecutive titles between 1902 and 1910, when Villa finally left the Birmingham & District League in 1915, they had accumulated a total of 12 league titles and 6 runners-up finishes. After that, the team played in the Central League for many years, becoming champions in 1929–30, 1963–64. In 1999–2000, the FA Premier Reserve League was set up, Villa were one of the founding members, three disappointing seasons followed, however in the 2003–04 season, inspired by brothers Stefan Moore and Luke Moore, Villa eased to their first title. In the two seasons followed, Villa agonisingly finished both campaigns as runners-up, both times to Manchester United. Villa eventually finished 4th - winning 9 out of their 18 games, with Luke Moore the top goalscorer, inspired by Swedish striker Tobias Mikaelsson, Aston Villa Reserves clinched the 2007–08 Southern title, their second regional success since the inception of the league in 1999. However, they were beaten 3-0 in the Play-Off Final by Northern champions Liverpool, Andreas Weimann netted nine goals, to help Villa keep up their trend of securing the Southern title - their third on the trot - in the 2009–10 season. This included a remarkable 15-game unbeaten streak, running from the game of the campaign. However, the club were denied a second national title, as they were beaten on penalties by Manchester United. The 2010–11 season saw changes to the format of the league. Only 16 clubs competed, which meant a split between the top heavy Northern league, undoubtedly the highlight of the season, was a 10-1 home victory over Arsenal at the Greene King Stadium, en route to finishing third in the league. Following changes arrived in the 2011–12 season, three leagues were abolished, returning to two, whilst each team played the teams in their own league home and away. They also played each team in the league once, with home
Liverpool F.C. Reserves and Academy
Reserves is the reserve team of Liverpool. It is the most senior level of the Liverpool academy beneath the first team, in the summer of 2012, the whole English reserve football system was overhauled and replaced with an Under 21 league system, the Professional Development League. Liverpools Reserve team became the Liverpool under 21 team and competes in the Professional Development League 1 which is known by its sponsorship name of Barclays under 21 Premier League. The team generally consists of Under-21 players at the club but at times senior players also play for the reserves when they are recuperating from injury. Following the introduction of new regulations from 2012-13 season, only three players and one goalkeeper over the age of 21 can play for the reserves regularly. The current reserve team is coached by Steven Gerrard, in 2012–13 Professional U21 Development League the reserve team of Liverpool reached the semifinal before losing to the eventual winners Manchester United. The following season in 2013-14 the reserves team again lost to Manchester United reserves in the semis, Academy is the youth set up Liverpool Football Club. It trains players from the U6 age group up to the U21 squad, the academy has separate head coaches in charge of development in the U6-U9, U10-U11, U12-U14 and U15-U16 age groups. At U21 and U18 level there are dedicated coaching teams managed by Michael Beale, alex Inglethorpe was promoted from U21 manager to Academy Director in the summer of 2014 and hold overall responsibility for operation of the academy. The academy has won the FA Youth Cup, a competition for players of age 15 to 18, Academy is considered to be one of the best and one of the most prolific football academies both in England and in the world. Liverpool Reserves played in the FA Premier Reserve League, the Reserves won the regional division title in 2000 and again in 2008 winning also the national league that year. It competed in the Lancashire Combination from 1896 to 1911, with the exception of the 1898–99 season, from 1911 on, it took part in the Central League until becoming inaugural members of the Premier Reserve League North in 1999. The team also participated in the Liverpool Senior Cup and the Lancashire Senior Cup, the last reserve team manager was Rodolfo Borrell, who was appointed in July 2011 and led the reserve team during its final season before taking over the newly formed under-21 side in July 2012. Another version of the quote has Shankly saying, Theres only two teams in Liverpool, Liverpool and Liverpool Reserves, the most successful Liverpool Reserves manager was Roy Evans. Evans spent most of his career as a reserve team player. After an injury ended his career in 1974, he was appointed manager of the reserves by Bob Paisley, throughout the history of Liverpool FC, many of the clubs best known players have progressed through the reserve team. In 1998, a new state-of-the-art Youth Academy was opened in Kirkby and it replaced the older, more informal youth system, and enables the club to focus their youth development and scouting, employing new techniques and FA standards. It was overseen by Frank McParland, the Academy now allows the main training ground at Melwood to be kept solely for the first team squad and allows all the areas there to be kept in excellent condition
Barclays /ˈbɑːrkliz/ is a British multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in London. It is a bank with operations in retail, wholesale and investment banking, as well as wealth management, mortgage lending. It has operations in over 50 countries and territories and has around 48 million customers, Barclays is organised into four core businesses, Personal & Corporate, Barclaycard, Investment Banking and Africa. Barclays traces its origins to a banking business established in the City of London in 1690. James Barclay became a partner in the business in 1736, in 1896 several banks in London and the English provinces, including Backhouses Bank and Gurneys Bank, united as a joint-stock bank under the name Barclays and Co. Over the following decades Barclays expanded to become a nationwide bank, in 1967, Barclays deployed the worlds first cash dispenser. Barclays has a listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE100 Index. It has a listing on the New York Stock Exchange. According to a 2011 paper by Vitali et al, Barclays traces its origins back to 1690 when John Freame, a Quaker, and Thomas Gould started trading as goldsmith bankers in Lombard Street, London. The name Barclays became associated with the business in 1736, when James Barclay, in 1728 the bank moved to 54 Lombard Street, identified by the Sign of the Black Spread Eagle, which in subsequent years would become a core part of the banks visual identity. In 1896 several banks in London and the English provinces, notably Backhouses Bank of Darlington and Gurneys Bank of Norwich, united under the banner of Barclays, between 1905 and 1916 Barclays extended its branch network by making acquisitions of small English banks. In 1925 the Colonial Bank, National Bank of South Africa, in 1938 Barclays acquired the first Indian exchange bank, the Central Exchange Bank of India, which had opened in London in 1936 with the sponsorship of Central Bank of India. In May 1958, Barclays was the first UK bank to appoint a female bank manager, hilda Harding managed Barclays Hanover Square branch in London until her retirement in 1970. In 1965, Barclays established a US affiliate, Barclays Bank of California in San Francisco, Barclays launched the first credit card in the UK, Barclaycard, in 1966. On 27 June 1967, Barclays deployed the worlds first cash machine, the British actor Reg Varney was the first person to use the machine. In 1969, a merger with Martins Bank and Lloyds Bank was blocked by the Monopolies and Mergers Commission. Also that year, the British Linen Bank subsidiary was sold to the Bank of Scotland in exchange for a 25% stake, Barclays DCO changed its name to Barclays Bank International in 1971. In August 1975, following the secondary banking crash, Barclays acquired Mercantile Credit Company, in 1980, Barclays Bank International expanded its business to include commercial credit and took over American Credit Corporation, renaming it Barclays American Corporation
Premier Reserve League
The Premier Reserve League was the reserve team league for the top English football teams in the Premier League. The league was split into a northern and a southern division, from the 2006–07 edition until its disbandment, the league was only open to sides whose senior teams were one of the 20 members of the Premier League. Tottenham Hotspur decided against entering a side for the 2009–10 Premier Reserve League season, the final season was the 2011-12 season. At the end of season, it was replaced by an Under-21 competition. From 2004–05 onwards, the League held its first play-off between the champions of the two sections, northern Champions Manchester United Reserves beat Southern Champions Charlton Athletic Reserves 4–2 at The Valley. In the 2005–06 play-off, held at Old Trafford, Manchester United Reserves beat Tottenham Hotspur Reserves 2–0, the 2007 final, held at the Madejski Stadium, Reading beat Bolton 2–0. Liverpool Reserves beat Aston Villa Reserves 3–0 in the 2008 final at Anfield, Aston Villa reached the final again next season and beat Sunderland 3–1 at Villa Park. In the 2009–10 play-off match, held again at Old Trafford, in the 2010–11 playoff match, Chelsea defeated Blackburn 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out, after the game ended 1–1 at Stamford Bridge. In the 2011–12 season finale held at Old Trafford, Manchester United Reserves beat Aston Villa Reserves 3–1 on penalties after the game ended 0–0 in normal time, Premier Academy League Premier League The Central League The Football Combination Current league tables, Fixtures and results Bulletins
Blackpool Football Club is a professional association football club based in the seaside town of Blackpool, Lancashire, England. For the 2016–17 season, they are competing in League Two, founded in 1887, Blackpools home ground has been Bloomfield Road since 1901. Their main nickname is the Seasiders, but they are called the Pool and the Tangerines, the latter in reference to the colour of their home kit. Blackpools least successful period was in the 1980s, particularly when, in the 1982–83 season, they finished 21st in English League footballs lowest tier, the clubs motto is Progress, as featured on the club crest. Blackpool have a rivalry with Preston North End, and matches between the two clubs are known as the West Lancashire derby. They have not met in a match since February 2010. Football had developed in Blackpool by 1877 when Victoria F. C. were founded as a club with a ground in Caunce Street. This team disbanded a few years later but some of its members are understood to have merged with old boys from St Johns School to form a new club called Blackpool St Johns. The new club managed to win two pieces of silverware in its first season in existence, 1887–88, the Fylde Cup, at the conclusion of the following 1888–89 season, Blackpool became founder members of the Lancashire League. In their first season in the competition, the club finished out of the 13 member clubs. They finished as runners-up over the three seasons, before winning the championship themselves on their fourth attempt. Blackpools home at that point in time was Raikes Hall, which was part of an entertainment complex that included a theatre. This meant that the average attendances were around the 2000 mark. Their application was successful, and for the debut season, 1896–97. Blackpools first-ever Football League game took place on 5 September 1896, at Lincoln City, for the 1897–98 campaign, the club played their home games at the Athletic Grounds. They remained there for the first seven games of 1898–99. After finishing third-bottom, the club were not re-elected at the end of the 1898–99 season and they finished third, and after the Football Leagues annual meeting, on 25 May 1900, were permitted back into Division Two. It was during this season out of the League that Blackpool amalgamated with local rivals South Shore, during the 10 seasons that followed, Blackpool could finish no higher than 12th place
West Ham United F.C.
West Ham United Football Club is a professional football club based in Stratford, East London, England. They compete in the Premier League, the top tier of English football, in 2016 the club re-located to the London Stadium. The club was founded in 1895 as Thames Ironworks and reformed in 1900 as West Ham United and they moved to the Boleyn Ground in 1904, which remained their home ground for more than a century. The team initially competed in the Southern League and Western League before joining the Football League in 1919 and they were promoted to the top flight in 1923, when they also losing finalists in the first FA Cup Final held at Wembley. In 1940, the won the inaugural Football League War Cup. West Ham have been winners of the FA Cup three times, in 1964,1975, and 1980, and have also been runners-up twice, in 1923, and 2006. The club have reached two major European finals, winning the European Cup Winners Cup in 1965 and finishing runners up in the competition in 1976. West Ham also won the Intertoto Cup in 1999 and they are one of eight clubs never to have fallen below the second tier of English football, spending 59 of 91 league seasons in the top flight, up to and including the 2016–17 season. The clubs highest league position to date came in 1985–86 when they achieved third place in the then First Division, three West Ham players were members of the 1966 World Cup final-winning England team, captain Bobby Moore and goalscorers Geoff Hurst and Martin Peters. The club, Thames Ironworks were the first ever winners of the West Ham Charity Cup in 1895 contested by clubs in the West Ham locality and they turned professional in 1898 upon entering the Southern League Second Division, and were promoted to the First Division at the first attempt. The following year they came second from bottom, but had established themselves as a fully fledged competitive team and they comfortably fended off the challenge of local rivals Fulham in a relegation play-off, 5–1 in late April 1900 and retained their First Division status. In 1899, they acquired their now-traditional home kit combination of claret shirts and sky blue sleeves in a wager involving Aston Villa players, because of the original works team roots and links, they are still known as the Irons or the Hammers amongst fans and the media. West Ham Utd joined the Western League for the 1901 season while continuing to play in the Southern Division 1. In 1907, West Ham were crowned the Western League Division 1B Champions, the reborn club continued to play their games at the Memorial Grounds in Plaistow but moved to a pitch in the Upton Park area in the guise of the Boleyn Ground stadium in 1904. The Cup Final match itself ended 2–0 to Bolton, the team enjoyed mixed success in Division 1 but retained their status for ten years and reached the FA Cup semi-final in 1933. In 1932, the club was relegated to Division Two and long term custodian Syd King was sacked after serving the club in the role of manager for 32 years, following relegation, King had mental health problems. He appeared drunk at a meeting and soon after committed suicide. The club spent most of the next 30 years in division, first under Paynter
Swansea City A.F.C.
Swansea City Association Football Club is a Welsh professional football club based in Swansea, Wales, that plays in the Premier League, the top tier of English football. Swansea City represent England when playing in European competitions, although they have represented Wales in the past, the club was founded in 1912 as Swansea Town and joined the Football League in 1921. The club changed their name in 1969, when adopted the name Swansea City to reflect Swanseas new status as a city. Swansea have played their matches at the Liberty Stadium since 2005. In 1981, the club was promoted to the original Football League First Division and it was during the following season they came close to winning the league title, but a decline then set near the seasons end before finishing sixth, although a club record. The clubs subsequent climb from the division of English football to the top division is chronicled in the 2014 film. In 2011, Swansea were promoted to the Premier League, following the lead of many other South Wales sides, joined the second division of the Southern League for the following season. J. W. Thorpe was the clubs first chairman, a site owned by Swansea Gaslight Co. called Vetch Field due to the vegetables that grew there, was rented to be the clubs ground. The clubs first professional match was a 1–1 draw at the Vetch Field against Cardiff City on 7 September 1912. During that first season the Welsh Cup was won for the first time, before the game Bradshaw had scored with thirty-six consecutive spot kicks. Remarkably, the Swans played most of the half with ten men. The Swans drew at another First Division side, Newcastle United, in the next round, following the First World War the Southern League dropped its second division, and with many clubs dropping out due to financial difficulties, the Swans were placed in the first division. After just four seasons in the Southern League, Swansea Town became founder members of the new Third Division of The Football League in 1920, the side had remained unbeaten at home in the league all season – something the next promotion team would emulate over twenty years later. Sadly for the Swans, an experienced Bolton side won the game 3–0, Swans record their highest average attendance during the season of 16,118 for pre-war league games. During the 1926–27 season they beat Real Madrid 3–0 on tour, during the 1931–32 season they finished 1st and went out in the 3rd round of the FA Cup. However they won the Welsh Cup after beating Wrexham 2–0 away after a replay and it was not until the 1933–34 season that Wilfred Milne scored his first goal for Swansea at Lincoln City after 501 appearances without a goal. After just one back from wartime football, the Swans finished 21st in the Second Division. The following season was one of consolidation, however in 1948–1949 the Swans stormed their way to winning the division for the second time
Birmingham City F.C.
Birmingham City Football Club is a professional association football club based in the city of Birmingham, England. Formed in 1875 as Small Heath Alliance, they became Small Heath in 1888, then Birmingham in 1905, the team compete in the EFL Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. As Small Heath, they played in the Football Alliance before becoming founder members, the most successful period in their history was in the 1950s and early 1960s. They won the competition for the second time in 2011. St Andrews has been their ground since 1906. They have a long-standing and fierce rivalry with Aston Villa, their nearest neighbours, the clubs nickname is Blues, due to the colour of their kit, and their fans are known as Bluenoses. Birmingham City were founded as Small Heath Alliance in 1875, the club turned professional in 1885, and three years later became the first football club to become a limited company with a board of directors, under the name of Small Heath F. C. Ltd. From the 1889–90 season they played in the Football Alliance, which ran alongside the Football League, in 1892, Small Heath, along with the other Alliance teams, were invited to join the newly formed Football League Second Division. The club adopted the name Birmingham Football Club in 1905, and moved into their new home, St Andrews Ground, matters on the field failed to live up to their surroundings. Birmingham were relegated in 1908, obliged to apply for two years later, and remained in the Second Division until after the First World War. Frank Womacks captaincy and the creativity of Scottish international playmaker Johnny Crosbie contributed much to Birmingham winning their second Division Two title in 1920–21, Womack went on to make 515 appearances, a club record for an outfielder, over a twenty-year career. 1920 also saw the debut of the 19-year-old Joe Bradford, who went on to score a club record 267 goals in 445 games, and won 12 caps for England. In 1931, manager Leslie Knighton led the club to their first FA Cup Final and they were finally relegated in 1939, the last full season before the Football League was abandoned for the duration of the Second World War. The name Birmingham City F. C. was adopted in 1943, under Harry Storer, appointed manager in 1945, the club won the Football League South wartime league and reached the semifinal of the first post-war FA Cup. Two years later won their third Second Division title, conceding only 24 goals in the 42-game season. Storers successor Bob Brocklebank, though unable to stave off relegation in 1950, when Arthur Turner took over as manager in November 1954, he made them play closer to their potential, and a 5–1 win on the last day of the 1954–55 season confirmed them as champions. In their first season back in the First Division, Birmingham achieved their highest league finish of sixth place. They also reached the FA Cup final, losing 3–1 to Manchester City in the game notable for Citys goalkeeper Bert Trautmann playing the last 20 minutes with a bone in his neck
Queens Park Rangers F.C.
Queens Park Rangers Football Club is a professional association football club based in White City, London, that plays in the Championship, the second tier of English football. Their honours include winning the League Cup in 1967, as well as finishing top of the tier in 1983 and 2011. QPR were also runners-up of the Football League First Division in 1975–76, Queens Park Rangers were founded in 1886 after the merger of Christchurch Rangers and St. Judes Institute. Owing to their proximity to other west London clubs, QPR maintain long-standing rivalries with other clubs in the area. The most notable of these are Chelsea, Fulham and Brentford, outside London, QPR also traditionally share rivalries with Watford, Luton and Cardiff, although in recent years these fixtures have become less prominent. For the current season see 2015–16 Queens Park Rangers F. C. season The club was formed in 1886, the resulting team was called Queens Park Rangers, because most of the players came from the Queens Park area of north-west London. QPR were promoted as champions of Division 3 South in the 1947–48 season, Dave Mangnall was the manager as the club participated in four seasons of the Second Division, being relegated in 1951–52. Tony Ingham was signed from Leeds United and went on to make the most ever league appearances for QPR, arguably the clubs greatest ever manager, Alec Stock, arrived prior to the start of the 1959–60 season. The 1960–61 season saw QPR achieve their biggest win to date, in time, Stock, together with Jim Gregory who arrived as chairman in the mid-1960s, helped to achieve a total transformation of the club and its surroundings. It is still the major trophy that QPR have won. It was also the first League Cup final to be held at Wembley Stadium, after winning promotion in 1968 to the top flight for the first time in their history, Rangers were relegated after just one season and spent the next four years in Division Two. Terry Venables joined from Spurs at the beginning of the 1969–70 season, during this time, new QPR heroes emerged including Phil Parkes, Don Givens, Dave Thomas and Stan Bowles. These new signings were in addition to home-grown talent such as Dave Clement, Ian Gillard, Mick Leach, after completing their 42-game season, QPR sat at the top of the league, one point ahead of Liverpool who went on to defeat Wolverhampton Wanderers to clinch the title. Wolves were relegated to the Second Division that same season, following Sextons departure in 1977 the club eventually slipped into the Second Division in 1979. In 1980 Terry Venables took over as manager and the club installed a plastic pitch, in 1982 QPR, still playing in the Second Division, reached the FA Cup Final for the only time in the clubs history, facing holders Tottenham Hotspur. Tottenham won 1–0 in a replay, the following season QPR went on to win the Second Division championship and returned to English footballs top division. After a respectable fifth-place finish, and UEFA Cup qualification, the following year, in 1988 the club had a new chairman, Richard Thompson. Who at 24 was the Premier Leagues youngest ever chairman, over the next seven years, various managers came and went from Loftus Road and the club spent many seasons finishing mid table but avoided relegation
Blackburn Rovers F.C.
The club was established in 1875, becoming a founding member of The Football League in 1888. It is one of three clubs to have been both a founder member of the Football League and the Premier League. In 1890, Rovers moved to Ewood Park, Blackburn Rovers have been English champions three times, and have won six FA Cups and one Football League Cup. Blackburn are the only extant club to have won three consecutive FA Cups, the club has spent the majority of its existence in the top flight of English football. In 1992, Rovers gained promotion to the new Premier League a year after being taken over by local entrepreneur Jack Walker, in 1995, Rovers became Premier League champions. In the 1998–99 season, the club was relegated and it was promoted back to the Premier League two years later, in the 2000–01 season. It has qualified for the UEFA Cup four times, once as League Cup winners, twice as the Premier Leagues sixth-placed team, the 2011–12 season marked the clubs 72nd, non-consecutive, year in the top flight. Rovers are currently one of six clubs to have won the Premier League, along with Arsenal, Chelsea, Manchester United, Manchester City. The clubs motto is Arte et Labore, By Skill and Hard Work in Latin, the club was founded following a meeting, at the Leger Hotel, Blackburn, on 5 November 1875. The meeting was organised by two men, namely John Lewis and Arthur Constantine. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the possibility of forming a club to play under Association rules. The first match played by Blackburn Rovers took place in Church, on 28 September 1878, Blackburn Rovers became one of 23 clubs to form the Lancashire Football Association. On 1 November 1879 the club played in the F. A, Cup for the first time, beating the Tyne Association Football Club 5–1. Rovers were eventually put out of the competition in the round after suffering a heavy 6–0 defeat by Nottingham Forest. On 25 March 1882 the club won through to the final of the F. A, Blackburn Rovers was the first provincial team to reach the final, but the result was a 1–0 defeat by the Old Etonians. Cup on 29 March 1884 with a 2–1 victory over the Scottish team Queens Park, the same teams played the F. A. Cup final again the season, with Blackburn Rovers again emerging victorious. Rovers repeated this success yet again the season, winning the final replay 2–0 against West Bromwich Albion
Wigan Athletic F.C.
Wigan Athletic Football Club is a professional association football club based in Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. The team compete in the Championship, the tier of English football. Founded in 1932, the club have played at the DW Stadium since 1999 and their colours are blue and white, recently most often striped, although all-blue shirts have been common throughout history. The team were elected to The Football League in 1978, the club also made their European debut during the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League. Wigan Athletic was formed in 1932, following the winding up of Wigan Borough the previous year, Wigan Athletic was the fifth attempt to create a stable football club in the town following the demise of Wigan County, Wigan United, Wigan Town and Wigan Borough. Springfield Park, the home of Wigan Borough, was purchased by the club for £2,850. Despite their initial application being turned down, Wigan Athletic were elected into the Cheshire County League following the resignation of Manchester Central, the club had also made the first of many attempts to be admitted into the Football League, but failed to receive a single vote. On 27 August 1932, Wigan Athletic played their first ever game against Port Vale Reserves. The team played in red and white shirts with black shorts, Wigan Athletic won their first honours in the 1933–34 season, finishing as champions of the Cheshire League. In the 1935–36 season, the club won their third consecutive Cheshire League title, after the Second World War, Wigan Athletic adopted their more familiar blue and white strip. The club struggled to assemble a side, and finished bottom of the league in 1946–47 season. Despite their pre-war success, the failed to gain re-election and were replaced by Winsford United. The club joined the Lancashire Combination, winning the league in their first season, in 1950, Wigan Athletic came close to election to The Football League, narrowly losing out to Scunthorpe United and Shrewsbury Town. In the next round of the cup, Wigan Athletic were drawn against First Division side Newcastle United, Wigan Athletic held their top flight opponents to a 2–2 draw at St James Park, but went on to lose the replay 3–2. In 1961, the club moved back to the Cheshire League, in the 1964–65 season, Wigan Athletic won their first Cheshire League title since returning to the league, with top goalscorer Harry Lyon scoring 66 times. He remains the clubs greatest goalscorer of all time, Wigan Athletic won four cup titles in the 1966–67 season and were also Cheshire County League runners-up. In 1968, Wigan Athletic were founder members of the Northern Premier League, winning the league title in 1970–71, leading goalscorer with 42 goals, including 7 hat-tricks, was Geoff Davies who scored 28 goals in the following 1971–72 season. As a non-league club, the played at Wembley Stadium for the first time in the 1973 FA Trophy Final
Manchester City F.C. Reserves and Academy
The club is represented at the Under-18 level by the Manchester City Academy team. The Elite Development Squad from season 2012–13 plays in the Under 21 Premier League, starting with the 2011–12 season, the EDS competed in the NextGen Series competition, a Champions League format tournament only open to a select group of Under-19 teams located in western Europe. The NextGen Series organisers invited the 16 teams competing in the season of this new competition based on which clubs were considered to have the best academies in Europe. The EDS will continue to play fixtures in both the Manchester Senior Cup and Lancashire Senior Cup plus several other matches and tournaments such as the Central League Cup, Manchester City have fielded a reserve team since 1892, when the reserves played in the Lancashire Combination. The reserves were champions of the Lancashire Combination in 1901–02, the club left the Lancashire Combination in 1911 to join the Central League upon its formation. The City reserve team played in the Central League until 2000. In 2006 the club re-entered the Central League – now the Pontins League –, the EDS currently play all of their home fixtures at the CFA Academy stadium in Manchester. The MCFC official first team consists of about 40 players. The MCFC first team numbers are normally assigned and published in late July during the close season. As of 31 January 2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Manchester Citys Academy is responsible for development at the club. The academy is one of the most revered in the country, carrington is responsible for such graduates as Micah Richards, Michael Johnson, QPRs Nedum Onuoha and Shaun Wright-Phillips, Fulhams Dickson Etuhu and Stoke Citys Glenn Whelan and Stephen Ireland. The clubs first youth team was set up by Albert Alexander in the 1920s, from 1951 the A team competed in the Lancashire League against reserve and youth teams of other clubs from North West England. From 1955 a second team, the B team, typically comprising younger players than the A team. Youth football in England was restructured by the Football Association in 1997, in its new incarnation, the A and B teams were replaced with Under-19 and Under-17 teams, which competed in the FA Premier Youth League. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Academy graduates who play for Manchester City, including those that are currently out on loan to other clubs, are highlighted in blue
Chelsea F.C. Reserves and Academy
Reserves are the under-23 team of Chelsea Football Club. They play in the Premier League 2, which is the top level of football in England. They were the Champions in the 2013–14 season, the team mainly consists of Under-21 players at the club, although senior players occasionally have an appearance, for instance when they are recovering from injury. The under-23 team is coached by Adrian Viveash, Academy are the under-18 team of Chelsea Football Club. It is a member of the Professional U18 Development League and they have won the FA Youth Cup seven times, in 1960,1961,2010,2012,2014,2015 and 2016 and ended being runners-up in 1958,2008 and 2013. The youth team is coached by Joe Edwards, from 2013–14 season, the under-23 team play their home games at Aldershot Towns Recreation Ground. The under-18 team play their games at the clubs Cobham Training Centre at Cobham in Surrey. Both teams occasionally use the home ground Stamford Bridge for important matches. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Graduates of Chelseas academy and A teams who won at least one international cap. NB, Bold players are playing for the club, including those that are currently out on loan to other clubs. Source, chelseafc. com — Academy graduates who play for Chelsea
Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C.
Wolverhampton Wanderers Football Club /ˌwʊlvərˈhæmptən/ is a professional association football club based in the city of Wolverhampton, West Midlands. The club was known as St. Lukes FC and was founded in 1877. They compete in the Championship, the second highest tier of English football, the following season saw two further managers dismissed as the club then suffered a second relegation, ending up in League One. However, in the season they gained promotion back to the Championship where they currently reside. The clubs current head coach is Paul Lambert, who took charge in November 2016, having become professional, the club were nominated to become one of the twelve founder members of the Football League in 1888, in which they played the first Football League match ever staged. They ended the season in third place, as well as reaching their first FA Cup Final, losing 0–3 to the first Double winners. At the conclusion of the campaign the club relocated for a time when they moved to Molineux. Wolves lifted the FA Cup for the first time in 1893 when they beat Everton 1–0, and added a second triumph in 1908, two years after having dropped into the Second Division. After struggling for years to regain their place in the top division, the club suffered a further relegation in 1923, entering the Third Division. Eight years later Wolves regained their status after winning the Second Division title under Major Frank Buckley. This game had been the last in a Wolves shirt for Stan Cullis, the 1950s were by far the most successful period in the clubs history. Captained by Billy Wright, Wolves finally claimed the championship for the first time in 1953–54. This became the final spur for Gabriel Hanot, the editor of LÉquipe, to propose the creation of the European Cup, although the decade opened with a fourth FA Cup victory and almost the first double of the 20th century, the 1960s saw Wolves begin to decline. Cullis was sacked in September 1964 in a season that ended with relegation and this exile would last only two seasons though, as they were promoted in 1967 as runners-up. During the close season in 1967, Wolves played a season in North America as part of the fledgling United Soccer Association league which imported clubs from Europe. Playing as the Los Angeles Wolves, they won the Western Division, the clubs return to the English top flight heralded another period of relative success under Bill McGarry, with a fourth place in 1971 qualifying them for the newly created UEFA Cup. They lifted silverware though two later, when they won the League Cup for the first time by beating Manchester City 2–1 in the final. The club was saved from liquidation at the last minute when it was purchased by a consortium fronted by former player Derek Dougan
Stamford Bridge (stadium)
Stamford Bridge is a football stadium located in Fulham, London. It is the ground of Chelsea F. C. The stadium is located within the Moore Park Estate also known as Walham Green and is referred to as simply The Bridge. The capacity is 41,663, making it the eighth largest ground in the Premier League, the club has plans to expand the capacity to 60,000 by the 2021–2022 season. It has undergone major changes over the years, most recently in the 1990s when it was renovated into a modern. Stamford Bridge has been used as a venue for England international matches, FA Cup Finals, FA Cup semi-finals and it has also hosted numerous other sports, such as cricket, rugby union, speedway, greyhound racing, baseball and American football. The stadiums highest official attendance is 82,905, for a match between Chelsea and Arsenal on 12 October 1935. Stamford Bridge is considered to be a derivative of Samfordesbrigge meaning the bridge at the sandy ford, 18th century maps show a Stanford Creek running along the route of what is now a railway line at the back of the East Stand as a tributary of the Thames. The upper reaches of this tributary have been known as Billingswell Ditch, Pools Creek, in mediaeval times the Creek was known as Billingwell Dyche, derived from Billings spring or stream. It formed the boundary between the parishes of Kensington and Fulham, by the 18th century the creek had become known as Counters Creek which is the name it has retained since. However, previous to this, in 1898, Stamford Bridge played host to the World Championship of shinty between Beauly Shinty Club and London Camanachd. Stamford Bridge was built close to Lillie Bridge, a sports ground which had hosted the 1873 FA Cup Final. It was initially offered to Fulham Football Club, but they turned it down for financial reasons. After considering the sale of the land to the Great Western Railway Company, noted football ground architect Archibald Leitch, who had also designed Ibrox, Celtic Park, Craven Cottage and Hampden Park, was hired to construct the stadium. In its early days, Stamford Bridge stadium was served by a railway station, Chelsea and Fulham railway station. Stamford Bridge had a capacity of around 100,000. It was used as the FA Cup final venue, as originally constructed, Stamford Bridge was an athletics track and the pitch was initially located in the middle of the running track. The stadium had a stand for 5,000 spectators on the east side
Penalty shoot-out (association football)
A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining the winner of an association football match that is drawn after the regulation as well as extra playing time. Although the procedure for taking kicks from the penalty mark resembles that of a penalty kick, most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked. The method of breaking a draw in a match requiring a winner is determined beforehand by the organizing body. Although employed in football commonly since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs remain unpopular with some, during a shoot-out, coaches, players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle. The kicking teams goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line, goals scored during the shoot-out are not included in the final score, nor are they added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A tie is a result in football. Exceptionally, a shoot-out after a league or round-robin match may be provided for and this provision appears for occasions where opposing teams in a final-day match finish the group with identical records, which can result in an immediate shoot-out. This happened in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Womens Under-19 Championship, several leagues, such as the J-League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs immediately following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, for instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage. The following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark, the procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFABs Laws of the Game document. The referee tosses a coin to decide the goal at which the kicks will be taken, the choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable. The referee tosses the coin a second time to determine which team will take the first kick, all players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitchs centre circle. Each kick will be taken in the manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, which is 12 yards from the line and equidistant from each touch line. Each team is responsible for selecting from the players the order in which they will take the kicks. The referee is not informed of the order, each kicker can kick the ball only once per attempt. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again, no other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper, may touch the ball. The ball may touch the goalkeeper, goal posts, or crossbar any number of times before going into the goal as long as the referee believes the motion is the result of the initial kick
Joshua King (footballer)
Joshua Christian Kojo Josh King is a Norwegian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Premier League club Bournemouth and the Norway national team. King was signed by Manchester United from Vålerenga in 2008, after loan spells with Preston North End, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Hull City and Blackburn Rovers, he signed permanently with Blackburn in January 2013, before switching to Bournemouth in May 2015. Born in Oslo, to a Gambian father and a Norwegian mother and he began his career with the local club, Romsås IL, before switching to Vålerenga when he was 15. While at Vålerenga, King trained with English side Manchester United on multiple occasions and he also had trial offers from Chelsea, Sunderland and Ipswich Town, but rejected those in favour of Manchester United. King signed for Manchester United when he turned 16 in January 2008 and he played just once more in the league that season, as well as making five substitute appearances in the Blue Stars Youth Cup in May 2008. He began the season by scoring four goals in four matches as the Manchester United Under-17s won the 2008 Milk Cup. He then played in two matches at the start of the 2008–09 Premier Academy League season before an injury in October 2008 kept him out until January 2009, two games after his comeback, King scored twice in a 5–0 win over Bolton Wanderers on 31 January 2009. He then made his first start of the season for the Under-18s against Manchester City on 14 February, only to miss the next two months of the season. He returned at the start of April 2009, just in time to play in the run-in to the end of the Under-18 league season, as United finished in second place,19 points behind winners Manchester City. At the start of the 2009–10 season, King came on as a substitute for Zoran Tošić in the final of the Lancashire Senior Cup and he was given the number 41 jersey and came on as an 81st-minute substitute for goalscorer Danny Welbeck. Although King had two opportunities to add to Uniteds lead, the match finished 1–0 and United progressed to the round of the competition. He was again named as a substitute for the fourth match against Barnsley. He made his debut the day, coming on as a 70th-minute substitute for Paul Hayes in Prestons 2–0 defeat by Doncaster Rovers on the opening day of the 2010–11 season. He had earlier added an assist after running 60 yards down the wing and crossing for Paul Hayes second goal – the fourth of the match. King played in seven of Prestons first 12 league games, but suffered an injury at the end of October 2010 that ruled him out for the rest of the loan. After his return to Manchester United, King was a regular in the team, playing in 17 of the last 18 games of the season. He was also regularly on the scoresheet, particularly in the Manchester Senior Cup, in which he scored twice in an 8–0 win over Bury and three times in a 6–1 win over Rochdale. In recognition of his performances in the half of the season, King was rewarded with a new two-year contract with Manchester United
Jesse Ellis Lingard is an English professional footballer who plays as a winger for Premier League club Manchester United and the England national team. Lingard made his debut while on loan at Leicester City in 2012. He represented England at under-17 and under-21 level before making his international debut in October 2016. Lingard was born in Warrington, Cheshire, and attended William Beamont Community High School and he joined Manchester Uniteds youth academy at the age of seven and progressed through the age groups. He was part of the Manchester United side that won the 2010–11 FA Youth Cup and he had his only other call-up of the season on 4 January 2012, again unused in a 3–0 away Premier League loss to Newcastle United. On 6 November 2012, Lingard and teammate Michael Keane joined Leicester City on loan for a month and he made his competitive debut later that day, in a 0–0 Championship draw away to Bolton Wanderers, coming on as a substitute for Martyn Waghorn in the 85th minute. His loan was extended to 2 January 2013, and he totalled five appearances for the Foxes. Lingard was selected in the 19-man squad for Manchester Uniteds 2013 pre-season tour. He scored his first two goals for United in a 5–1 friendly win against the A-League All Stars in Sydney on 20 July, after the game, he said I believe in myself but I have to start believing in myself more. He also scored against Yokohama F. Marinos and Kitchee SC to finish the tour as top scorer with four goals in as many matches. Agreement was reached to extend Lingards loan until 14 December, the loan was further extended, to 1 January 2014, but Lingard was suspended for the last two matches of the spell. Against Wigan Athletic on 26 December, he was sent off for a lunge on Jordi Gómez immediately after being refused a free kick when he appeared to be fouled. Although Birmingham hoped to extend the loan, Lingard returned to Manchester United and was a substitute in the match against Swansea City on 11 January. On 27 February 2014, Lingard joined another Championship side, Brighton & Hove Albion, on a 93-day loan. He scored his first goal for the club on 8 April, in a 4–1 win against former club Leicester City, while with Albion, Lingard played 17 times, including in the Championship play-offs, and scored 4 goals. On 4 August 2014, Lingard came off the bench to score the goal in Uniteds 3–1 International Champions Cup Final win over Liverpool. Swansea won 2–1 in Louis van Gaals first competitive match as United manager, on 2 February 2015, Lingard joined Championship club Derby County on loan until the end of the season. He made his first start on 14 February, against Reading in the FA Cup
Barry Ryan Bannan is a Scottish professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Football League Championship club Sheffield Wednesday and the Scotland national football team. Bannan began his career at Celtic before making his debut in 2008 for Aston Villa. In 2013, he signed for Crystal Palace for an undisclosed fee, a full international since 2010, Bannan has earned over 20 caps for Scotland. Born in Airdrie, Bannan began playing at youth team Lenzie Youth Club. The bit of skill sent the crowd wild and Albion Rovers chairman Davie Shanks was impressed, Bannan later joined Celtics youth team in 2002, until he was fourteen when he chose to accept a trial offer from Aston Villa. Whilst on trial at the Academy of the English club, he took part in the Ergenzingen Tournament in Germany, the Villa youth outfit won the tournament courtesy of a 1–0 final victory over FSV Mainz, with Bannan being named player of the tournament. Shortly after, the young Scot was offered a contract with the club. Following the seasons end he signed a professional contract with the club. In November 2008, Bannan was named Young Player of the Month by local radio station BBC WM, Bannan joined Championship side Derby County on loan for one month in March 2009. In November 2009, Bannan joined Championship side Blackpool on loan and his full debut came in a 3–0 win away to Middlesbrough on 8 December. In January 2010 the loan was extended to the end of the season, Bannan came on for the final two minutes at Wembley as Blackpool won the Championship play-off final against Cardiff City and secured promotion to the Premier League. Bannan returned to Villa for the 2010–11 season, and made his Premier League debut on the day of the season. He scored his first goal for Villa in a Europa league qualifier against Rapid Vienna, on 6 November, Bannan was handed his first start of the season against Fulham and started the following two games against Blackpool and Manchester United. He was given a run of games in the first team by manager Gérard Houllier due to the absence of many first-team players through injury, on 7 March 2011, Bannan joined Leeds United on loan until the end of the 2010–11 season. Bannan made his Leeds debut as a substitute against Preston North End. He made his debut at Elland Road on 12 March as a second-half substitute against Ipswich Town. Bannan was recalled from his spell at Leeds on 28 April 2011. Bannan scored his first goal in the Premier League for Villa with a 57th-minute penalty against Queens Park Rangers at Loftus Road on 25 September 2011
Daniel Johnson (footballer)
Daniel Anthony Johnson is a Jamaican-born professional footballer who plays for Preston North End as a midfielder. Johnson previously played for Aston Villa and had loan spells at Yeovil Town, Chesterfield. Born in Jamaica, Johnson played for Crystal Palace as a schoolboy before moving on to Aston Villas academy, Johnsons potential was recognised following the 2010–11 season. Extra responsibility was placed on Johnson when academy coach Tony McAndrew handed him the captains armband, as well as leading Villa to the Barclays Premier Academy League Group B title, he was an inspiration during the FA Youth Cup campaign. A left-foot strike from the edge of the box in round four against Peterborough United crowned a true captains performance and his performances for the academy and reserve teams had already caught the eye of manager at the time Gerard Houllier. The Frenchman called up Johnson to Aston Villas first team for the first time, in January 2011, the midfielder signed his first professional contract at Villa Park. Johnson had another season of great progress in 2011–12, featuring in all, in the reserve ranks, Johnson once again demonstrated his ability to supply goals from the central ground. He found the net five times, including a strike in a 3–1 defeat against a Manchester United side featuring the likes of Phil Jones, Chris Smalling. That scoring knack was also replicated on the European stage during Villas run to the quarter-finals of the NextGen Series, Johnson was the only player to feature in all seven of the clubs NextGen games and he managed three goals in the process. Those strikes came in home and away wins against Fernabaçhe and in a 3–2 defeat by Rosenborg, in March 2012, he extended his contract to summer 2013 but he has still yet to make his official debut for Villa. On 13 June 2013, Johnson signed a new deal keeping him at the club until 2015. Johnson has made series of loan moves to League One sides over the past three seasons. Johnson joined Chesterfield on a loan in August 2014 and made his debut in a 2–1 away win over Port Vale on 30 August. Johnson played 13 times for Chesterfield, becoming a first team regular, on 10 November 2014 Johnson joined another League One side, Oldham, on a two-month deal until 5 January 2015. On 23 January 2015, Johnson joined Preston North End for a fee, believed to be £50,000. Johnson started life off well at Preston scoring 8 goals in 18 appearances, Johnson and his team mates won promotion to the Championship on 24 May 2015, following a 4–0 win over Swindon Town in the play-off final at Wembley. Preston North End League One play-offs, 2014–15 As of matches played 13 February 2017 Daniel Johnson at Soccerbase Daniel Johnsons profile at the Official Aston Villa site
Courtney Lee Cameron is an English professional footballer who currently plays for Coventry United as a midfielder. Cameron began his career at Aston Villa, born in Northampton, Cameron played for Northampton Town as a schoolboy before moving on to Aston Villas academy in June 2009 for a fee of £35,000. Since at Aston Villa, Cameron have since rise from youth team to become a regular in the Premier League clubs reserve side, on 16 November 2012, Cameron signed a six-week loan deal with Rotherham United. He made his debut the day, in a 4–2 victory over against Cheltenham Town at the New York Stadium. He scored his first goal for the club on 1 January 2013, at the end of 2012–13 season, Cameron was released after four years at the club. Cameron signed a contract for Torquay United on 8 July 2013. Courtney Cameron joined Coventry United during the 2016/17 season, competing in the Midland League Premier Division, as of match played 3 May 2014
Old Trafford is a football stadium in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, and the home of Manchester United. It is about 0.5 miles from Old Trafford Cricket Ground, future expansion is likely to involve the addition of a second tier to the South Stand, which would raise the capacity to around 95,000. The stadiums record attendance was recorded in 1939, when 76,962 spectators watched the FA Cup semi-final between Wolverhampton Wanderers and Grimsby Town and it also hosted football matches at the 2012 Summer Olympics, including womens international football for the first time in its history. Before 1902, Manchester United were known as Newton Heath, during time they first played their football matches at North Road. However, both grounds were blighted by wretched conditions, the pitches ranging from gravel to marsh, while Bank Street suffered from clouds of fumes from its neighbouring factories. Including the purchase of the land, the construction of the stadium was originally to have cost £60,000 all told. The subsidy would have come to the sum of £10,000, however, despite guarantees for the loan coming from the club itself and two local breweries, both chaired by club chairman John Henry Davies, the Cheshire Lines Committee turned the proposal down. The CLC had planned to build a new station adjacent to the new stadium, the station – Trafford Park – was eventually built, but further down the line than originally planned. The CLC later constructed a modest station with one timber-built platform immediately adjacent to the stadium and it was initially named United Football Ground, but was renamed Old Trafford Football Ground in early 1936. It was served on match days only by a service of steam trains from Manchester Central railway station. It is currently known as Manchester United Football Ground, construction was carried out by Messrs Brameld and Smith of Manchester and development was completed in late 1909. The stadium hosted its game on 19 February 1910, with United playing host to Liverpool. However, the side were unable to provide their fans with a win to mark the occasion. A journalist at the game reported the stadium as the most handsomest, the most spacious, as a football ground it is unrivalled in the world, it is an honour to Manchester and the home of a team who can do wonders when they are so disposed. Before the construction of Wembley Stadium in 1923, the FA Cup Final was hosted by a number of different grounds around England including Old Trafford. The first of these was the 1911 FA Cup Final replay between Bradford City and Newcastle United, after the tie at Crystal Palace finished as a no-score draw after extra time. Bradford won 1–0, the goal scored by Jimmy Speirs, in a match watched by 58,000 people, the grounds second FA Cup Final was the 1915 final between Sheffield United and Chelsea. Sheffield United won the match 3–0 in front of nearly 50,000 spectators, most of whom were in the military, leading to the final being nicknamed the Khaki Cup Final
Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,414 as of 2013. It lies within the United Kingdoms second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.55 million, Manchester is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council and it was historically a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated during the 20th century. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a township but began to expand at an astonishing rate around the turn of the 19th century. Manchesters unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and its fortunes declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation. The city centre was devastated in a bombing in 1996, but it led to extensive investment, in 2014, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. Manchester is the third-most visited city in the UK and it is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the worlds first inter-city passenger railway station and in the city scientists first split the atom, the name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians. These are generally thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, both meanings are preserved in languages derived from Common Brittonic, mam meaning breast in Irish and mother in Welsh. The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster and their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Salford and Stretford. Central Manchester has been settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell, much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North. Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor, founded and constructed a church for the parish in 1421. The church is now Manchester Cathedral, the premises of the college house Chethams School of Music. The library, which opened in 1653 and is open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282, around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the regions textile industry
Ryan Andrew Noble is an English footballer who currently plays for Bishop Auckland. Noble has played as a striker for Sunderland, Watford, Derby County, Hartlepool United, Burnley, on his return from a six-month lay off, he returned to goalscoring ways by scoring seven goals in his first five games back for Sunderland Reserves. He was rewarded for his form with his league debut for the first team. Nobles next appearance came as a substitute, in Sunderlands 2–0 defeat at Birmingham City on 16 April. An injury crisis meant that Noble was in line to make his first start for Sunderland against Fulham, however, Noble himself picked up an injury during a youth team game, ruling him out of the game and leaving the team with no fit strikers. On 16 November 2011, Noble bagged a reserve team hat-trick during a 3–0 win against local rivals Newcastle United at the Stadium of Light, on 29 November, Noble returned to reserve team action, scoring a six-minute hat-trick as Sunderland thrashed Scunthorpe 7–1. Sunderland manager Steve Bruce was sacked two days later, and replaced by Martin ONeill and he then scored 4 goals against Manchester United in a reserve match on 8 December 2011. On 25 March 2010, Noble joined Watford on loan until the end of the 2009–10 season and he failed to make a single first-team appearance for the club. Noble was expected to crack the first team in the coming season and he eventually joined Championship side Derby County on an emergency loan deal. He made one appearance, as substitute, before an injury ruled him out of contention. On 18 January 2012, Noble returned to Derby County for another loan spell. Noble made two appearances during his loan spell at the club, returning to Sunderland on 14 February 2012. On 20 March 2012, Noble went on loan to Hartlepool United until the end of the season, on 24 March 2012, Noble scored his first goal for Hartlepool against Yeovil at Huish Park. He also scored in a match against Leyton Orient, Noble was selected in Sunderlands squad that travelled to South Korea for the pre-season 2012 Peace Cup. Was released at the end of the 2012/13 season, on 19 July 2013, he signed a short term contract with Burnley. His debut for the Clarets came on 17 August 2013, in a 2–0 home win over Yeovil Town and his second and final appearance came in a 2–0 defeat in the Football League Cup to West Ham United. On 13 January 2014, Noble signed for Conference Premier side Gateshead on a deal after the expiry of his Burnley contract. He made his debut the day in a goalless draw against Aldershot Town
Nathan Geoffrey Junior Eccleston is an English footballer who currently plays for Békéscsaba 1912 Előre. He started his career as a player at Bury, before moving to Liverpools youth system. Having progressed through the youth and reserve system, Eccleston made his debut for the club in a League Cup tie against Arsenal. He made his Premier League debut a few days later against Fulham, during his time at Liverpool, Eccleston went on loan to Huddersfield Town, Charlton Athletic and Rochdale. He left Liverpool in August 2012 and signed for Championship side Blackpool on a one-year deal, the majority of his time at Blackpool was spent on loan at Tranmere Rovers, Carlisle United and Coventry City. In September 2014, Eccleston signed a contract with Partick Thistle. Born in Newton Heath, Manchester, Eccleston was originally signed by Liverpool from Bury when he was 15 years old, Eccleston played for the Liverpool reserve team, having appeared regularly for the Under-18s team the previous year. On 27 August, in his first competitive game for the reserves squad, on 6 September 2009, Eccleston was called up to the UEFA Champions League squad for the group stage of the competition. Eccleston made his debut for Liverpool on 28 October 2009, in the League Cup match against Arsenal. He made his Premier League debut, again as a late substitute, in January 2010, Eccleston signed a new contract, keeping him until 2013. He made his European debut for the club on 29 July 2010 as a substitute in the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League Third qualifying round tie against FK Rabotnički. On 16 September, Eccleston played the last 5 minutes against Steaua Bucaresti in Liverpools opening group game in the UEFA Europa League group stages, on 22 September 2010, Eccleston missed in a penalty shoot out of the 3rd Round of the League Cup against Northampton Town. It was the last kick from a Liverpool player as Abdul Osman scored the spot kick for Northampton. On 4 November, he appeared as a 63rd-minute substitute in Liverpools 3-1 win in the Europa League tie against Napoli FC, on 10 November, he appeared in Liverpools 1-1 Premier League draw against Wigan Athletic at the DW Stadium. On 2 December, Eccleston played the last 11 minutes of Liverpools 1-1 draw in the return Europa League group game against Steaua Bucaresti. On 15 December, he made his first ever start for Liverpool, the draw was enough to see Roy Hodgsons men top Group K. On 28 January 2010, he joined Football League One side Huddersfield Town on a months loan and he made his debut and scored his first goal for the club on 30 January, in their 1–0 victory over Yeovil Town at Huish Park. On 1 February, Liverpool announced that the deal had been extended until 8 May 2010
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, historically also known as Hellas, is a country in southeastern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2015. Athens is the capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. Greece consists of nine regions, Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands, Thrace, Crete. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a vast number of islands, eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as polis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming a part of the Roman Empire and its successor. The Greek Orthodox Church also shaped modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World, falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the modern nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following a war of independence. Greeces rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among the most in Europe, Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, and a very high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the member to join the European Communities and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001. Greeces unique cultural heritage, large industry, prominent shipping sector. It is the largest economy in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor, the names for the nation of Greece and the Greek people differ from the names used in other languages, locations and cultures. The earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dated to 270,000 BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave, all three stages of the stone age are represented in Greece, for example in the Franchthi Cave. Neolithic settlements in Greece, dating from the 7th millennium BC, are the oldest in Europe by several centuries and these civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans writing in an undeciphered script known as Linear A, and the Mycenaeans in Linear B, an early form of Greek. The Mycenaeans gradually absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around 1200 BC and this ushered in a period known as the Greek Dark Ages, from which written records are absent. The end of the Dark Ages is traditionally dated to 776 BC, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the foundational texts of Western literature, are believed to have been composed by Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. With the end of the Dark Ages, there emerged various kingdoms and city-states across the Greek peninsula, in 508 BC, Cleisthenes instituted the worlds first democratic system of government in Athens
Apostolos Vellios is a Greek football striker who plays for Nottingham Forest. He came out of Iraklis academies before moving to the clubs first team, Vellios played in England for three and a half years representing Everton and Blackpool. He has also represented his country at all levels, Vellios started his professional career at Iraklis in 2008. He made his debut against in a 4–1 away defeat by Skoda Xanthi on 26 April 2009, as he came in as a substitute for Dimitris Giantsis. His first goal was an equalizer in injury time against Olympiacos in Karaiskakis Stadium on 7 November 2009 and he was named MVP of the 10th round of the Greek Superleague for his performance in that match. At the end of the season, he totalled nine appearances for the club, all as a substitute, following interest from Fulham, Olympiacos, AEK, and Bologna, Vellios signed for Everton in January 2011 for a fee of £250,000 on a 4-year deal. Vellios scored Everton Reserves only goal in his debut, as suffered a 5–1 home defeat against Blackburn Rovers Reserves. Vellios made his debut for Everton against Aston Villa in the Premier League, on 2 April 2011. He scored his first goal for the first team in a home 3–1 win against Wigan Athletic on 17 September 2011 and his second goal was scored away against Chelsea after being on the pitch for only 18 seconds,8 seconds from play being restarted. Once again he appeared as a substitute away at Bolton Wanderers, he scored with a right footed shot to make it 2–0, however he was subsequently completely dropped from the squad by Moyes and pushed into the reserves despite being the top scorer. He made his 2012/13 first team debut by coming on as a sub against Sunderland, on 10 May 2014, after 3 and a half years with the Toffees, Vellios announced his removal from the club on Twitter. Throughout these years did not succeed to be one of the regulars of the club, I would like to thank Everton for these three and a half years of my life, but mostly I have a big thanks for the supporters. You will be forever in my heart he stated, in March 2014, Vellios joined Blackpool on loan for the reminder of the season. He was given a debut at Q. P. R. on 29 March. In July 2014 Vellios signed a contract with Jupiler League club Lierse. On January 26,2015 Vellios was loaned to FC Vestsjælland until July 1 and he became the first ever Greek footballer to play in the Danish Superliga. He played 16 games, and scored 3 goals for the club, but he also manages to score 3 goals in 4 games in the Danish Cup, including a goal in the final against F. C. Copenhagen. A game FC Vestsjælland lost 2–3, after extra time, on 15 July 2015 Vellios signed a two-year contract with Iraklis
Michael Ayodeji D. Ngoo is an English professional footballer currently playing for Oldham Athletic. He has previously played as a player for Southend United and had loan spells at Heart of Midlothian. He has represented England at under 19 and under 20 level, Ngoo began his career as a youth player for Southend United. In July 2009, he spent time on trial at Manchester United representing them in the Milk Cup at under-16 level and he had attended Brampton manor school based in East Ham. In September 2009, aged 16, he signed for Liverpool for a fee that could reach up to £250,000, during the 2010–11 season whilst representing the clubs under-18 side he scored 15 goals in 21 appearances. The following season he was the teams top scorer. On 14 September 2012, having scored the final goal in a 4–1 over Chelsea Ngoo revealed a T-shirt bearing the message 96 reasons 4 Justice. Ngoo was booked for the tribute came in the week that the Hillsborough Independent Panel released their report. In January 2013, he was loaned to Heart of Midlothian to gain first team experience, at the end of 2013–14 season, he was released by the club. The deal was completed the day, meaning he teamed up with fellow Liverpool player Danny Wilson who was also on loan at Hearts. Ngoo was given the squad number 21, the following day he made his debut against Inverness in the Scottish League Cup Semi-final, scoring Hearts equalising goal. Hearts won the match 5–4 on Penalties, after a 1–1 draw, on 17 March 2013, he was ultimately a losing finalist as Hearts were beaten 3–2 in the Final against St Mirren. Ngoo picked up an injury which he struggled with towards the end of the season. In all he played 17 times during his spell in Scotland, Ngoo commented that he believed he had improved as a player during his time with the Edinburgh side. On 10 July 2013, Ngoo signed with newly promoted Championship side Yeovil Town on loan for the 2013–14 season, on 3 August 2013, Ngoo made his Yeovil debut as a half-time substitute in their 1–0 win over Millwall. He made two appearances before his next start at home to Birmingham City and away at Burnley. He started Yeovils next home game against Derby County. On 9 October 2013, Ngoo returned to the Liverpool after his spell was ended by mutual agreement
Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegals economic and political capital is Dakar and it is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World, or Afro-Eurasia, and owes its name to the Senegal River, which borders it to the east and north. The name Senegal comes from the Wolof Sunuu Gaal, which means Our Boat, Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres and has an estimated population of about 15 million. The climate is Sahelian, but there is a rainy season, the territory of modern Senegal has been inhabited by various ethnic groups since prehistory. Organized kingdoms emerged around the century, and parts of the country were ruled by prominent regional empires such as the Jolof Empire. The present state of Senegal has its roots in European colonialism, which began during the mid-15th century, the establishment of coastal trading posts gradually led to control of the mainland, culminating in French rule of the area by the 19th century, albeit amid much local resistance. Senegal peacefully attained independence from France in 1960, and has since been among the politically stable countries in Africa. Senegals economy is centered mostly on commodities and natural resources, major industries are fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, and ship construction and repair. As in most African nations, agriculture is a sector, with Senegal producing several important cash crops, including peanuts, sugarcane, cotton, green beans, tomatoes, melons. Owing to its stability, tourism and hospitality are also burgeoning sectors. A multiethnic and secular nation, Senegal is predominantly Sunni Muslim with Sufi, French is the official language, although many native languages are spoken and recognized. Since April 2012 Senegals president has been Macky Sall, Senegal has been a member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since 1970. Senegal is named after the Senegal River, the etymology of which is contested, one popular theory is that it stems from the Wolof phrase sunu gaal, which means our canoe, resulting from a miscommunication between 15th-century Portuguese sailors and Wolof fishermen. The our canoe theory has been embraced in modern Senegal for its charm. It is frequently used in appeals to national solidarity, frequently heard in the media, modern historians believe the name probably refers to the Sanhaja, Berbers who lived on the northern side of the river. A competing theory is that it derives from the town of Sanghana
Mame Biram Diouf
Mame Biram Diouf is a Senegalese footballer who plays as a striker for Stoke City and the Senegal national team. Diouf started his career at Diaraf before moving to Molde in 2007, in his first season with them he won the Norwegian First Division, and gained promotion to the Norwegian Premier League. His performances and goalscoring attracted interest from a number of big clubs and he scored on his home debut for United and won the League Cup as an unused substitute in the 2010 final. Diouf joined Hannover in January 2012, where he scored 35 goals in 71 appearances, Diouf made his Senegal debut in 2009 in a 2–1 friendly win over Congo DR, and represented the country at the 2015 and 2017 Africa Cup of Nations. Born in Dakar, Senegal, Diouf began his career with Diaraf, in January 2007, he joined Norwegian club Molde, having trained with them in March 2006. He expressed his happiness at joining fellow countrymen Pape Pate Diouf, Molde also agreed with Diaraf all considitions concerning the transfer, if Diouf signed a professional contract with Molde. These goals lead to rumours in the Bergen-papers, that Brann would be interested in signing Diouf. He was also linked to Arsenal, Feyenoord, Groningen, West Bromwich Albion, in the 2009 season, he scored 16 goals in 29 matches. Even with his performance, Molde only finished second in the league. A highlight of the season was the 5–2 win against Brann on 12 July 2009, where Diouf scored a hat-trick in the first nine minutes of the game, and added the fourth goal in the 27th minute. In May 2009, he received interest from several clubs and on 17 July 2009, Molde. Diouf was loaned back to Molde for the remainder of the Norwegian 2009 season and we signed a young player yesterday from Norway, who weve been looking at for two years, United manager Alex Ferguson said. We decided to act and hell be the last person we sign, on 23 December 2009, Diouf was granted a work permit making him available to play for Manchester United once the transfer window opened in January. Diouf made his debut for United in a 3–0 win over Burnley on 16 January 2010. On 6 August 2010, Diouf signed for Blackburn Rovers on a loan and was handed the number 41 shirt. Diouf made an impact for Blackburn, scoring within 15 minutes after coming on as a substitute for Nick Blackman in a 1–1 pre-season friendly draw against Hearts in Scotland. On 24 August 2010, Diouf scored his first goals for Blackburn on his debut as he netted a hat-trick in a 3–1 home League Cup victory over Norwich City. By the end of his loan at Blackburn, he had made 29 appearances, Diouf returned to United in the summer of 2011, and he was included in the squad for their pre season tour of America
Jose Baxter is an English footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder. He is currently serving a 12-month ban after testing positive for a drug in February 2016. On January 26,2017 Everton announced at the end of Baxters drug ban he would rejoin the club. Born in Bootle, Baxter began his career with his town club of Everton. After having been on the fringes of the first team and spending time on loan at Tranmere Rovers and he joined Oldham Athletic shortly afterwards where he spent a successful season before being bought by Sheffield United just under 12 months later. Baxter has represented England at both under-16 and under-17 level, Baxter joined Everton as a six-year-old. He remained as an Everton youth player until 2008 when he trained with the squad on tours to Switzerland. Baxter remained in the squad in the line up and in making many substitute appearances in 2009–10 season. He also made the first team at Goodison Park against BATE Borisov in the Europa League, Baxter joined Tranmere Rovers on loan in September 2011 and went on to score on his début against Preston North End. The loan was extended several times until January 2012, when Everton recalled Baxter, still on the fringes of the first team Baxter rejected a new contract from Everton and was released at the end of the 2011–12 season. Following his release from Everton, Baxter had a trial at Crystal Palace, Baxter subsequently signed for League One side Oldham Athletic in September 2012, agreeing a four-month contract. He made his debut for the club the following date, scoring in a 2–2 draw versus Notts County, playing and scoring regularly, Baxters form drew interest from other league clubs but in January 2013 Baxter signed a new 2 1⁄2-year deal with Oldham Athletic. Baxter started the 2013–14 season as a first team regular, but a brace against Stevenage in a 4–3 opening day victory prompted renewed interest from clubs in acquiring his services. Baxter reunited with his former Everton youth manager, David Weir, on 7 September 2013, Baxter scored his first Sheffield United goal against South Yorkshire rivals Rotherham United in a 3–1 defeat. On 7 December 2014, Baxter converted two penalties in a 3–0 home victory against Plymouth Argyle to send United to the round of the FA Cup. On 10 February 2015, Baxter scored a brace in a 4–1 home victory over Colchester United, on 16 May 2015, Baxter was suspended by Sheffield United after failing a drugs test. In July, the FA handed him a suspension for testing positive for ecstasy. He was suspended by his club again in February 2016 and he was subsequently released in May 2016. Baxter has represented England at both U16 and U17 levels and he played in the first two games of the 2009 Under 17 European Championships but missed the third after picking up two yellow cards
Raheem Shaquille Sterling is a professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Premier League club Manchester City and the England national team. He received the Golden Boy award for 2014 from a panel of sports journalists. A2015 professional study by Soccerex ranked him as the most valuable player in Europe. Born in Jamaica, Sterling moved to London at the age of five, in July 2015, following a lengthy dispute over a new contract, he was signed by Manchester City in a transfer potentially worth £49 million, the highest transfer fee ever paid for an English player. He represented England at under-16, under-17 and under-21 level before being capped at full level by the side in November 2012. Sterling was born in the Maverley district of Kingston, Jamaica, at the age of five, he emigrated to London with his mother, and attended Copland School in Wembley, North West London. His absent father was murdered in Jamaica when Sterling was nine years old and he made his first appearance for the first team in a pre-season friendly against Borussia Mönchengladbach in Germany on 1 August 2010. Sterling played in the team, scoring his first goal in a friendly against Hibernian in a 2–2 draw. His first Premier Academy League match was a 2–2 draw against Aston Villa, on 15 December, Sterling scored in the FA Youth Cup in a 4–0 win over Notts County. On 14 February 2011, Sterling scored five goals in a 9–0 win over Southend United and he made two more appearances over the remainder of the campaign, again as a substitute. In August 2012, he made his European debut for the club, coming on as a substitute in a UEFA Europa League qualifying match against Gomel, the following week, Sterling scored his first goal for the senior team with a first-half strike in a friendly against Bayer Leverkusen. On 23 August 2012, he started his first game for Liverpool in a Europa League qualifying match away to Hearts in a 0–1 win and he was given his first start in the league three days later in a 2–2 draw at Anfield to Manchester City. He played the full 90 minutes in the loss to Arsenal on 2 September, and the draw with Sunderland on 15 September, on 19 September, Sterling was one of the group of teenagers that traveled to Switzerland to play Young Boys in a UEFA Europa League group game. He replaced Stewart Downing in the half as Liverpool won 3–5. On 20 October, Sterling scored his first senior goal for Liverpool in the 29th minute in a 1–0 league win against Reading with a strike from the edge of the box. As a result, he became the second-youngest player ever to score in a fixture for Liverpool. On 21 December 2012, Sterling signed an extension, committing his future to Liverpool. He scored his league goal for the club on 2 January 2013
Conor David Coady is an English footballer who plays for Football League Championship club Wolverhampton Wanderers as a defensive midfielder. Born in St Helens, Merseyside, Coady grew up supporting Liverpool F. C and he is a product of the Liverpool Youth Academy after joining the club in 2005. During the 2010–11 season, Coady was on the fringes of the first team, making the bench twice. Coady played every Reserve League and NextGen Series match during the 2011–12 season, Coady scored his first senior goal in a 1–1 draw at Leyton Orient on 30 November 2013. Coady played regularly for the Blades for the remainder of the season and returned to Anfield having played 50 games, on 6 August 2014, Coady signed for Football League Championship side Huddersfield Town on a three-year deal for a fee, believed to be around £500,000. He made his début as a substitute in the 4–0 defeat by Bournemouth on 9 August, on 1 October, he scored his first goal for the club against Wolverhampton Wanderers where Town won 3–1 at Molineux Stadium. He again found the net, this time in a 2–2 draw against Rotherham United, on 3 July 2015, Coady signed for Football League Championship club Wolverhampton Wanderers on a three-year deal for an undisclosed fee, believed to be around £2 million. He scored his first goal for Wolves in a 2–1 EFL Cup win against Crawley Town on 9 August 2016, Coady has represented England at Under-16 right through to Under-20 level. He has been capped 17 times for the England national under-17 football team and he was then part of the 2012 UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship in Estonia in which England got as far as the semi-finals where they were knocked out by Greece. He was named captain of the England under-20 team by manager Peter Taylor for the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup and he made his debut for the side on 16 June, in a 3–0 win in a warm-up game against Uruguay. On 23 June, he scored in the opening game against Iraq. com Profile at theFA. com Profile at LFC History Profile at Sheffield United