Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner, sometimes referred to by her initials CFK, is an Argentine lawyer and politician, who served as President of Argentina from 2007 to 2015. She was the second woman to serve as President of Argentina, the first directly elected female president, the first woman re-elected to the office. Ideologically a Peronist and social democrat, she was a member of the Justicialist Party, with her political approach being characterised as Kirchnerism. Born in La Plata, Buenos Aires Province, she studied law at the University of La Plata, moved to Patagonia with her husband Néstor Kirchner upon graduation, she was elected to the provincial legislature. She was elected national senator in 1995, had a controversial tenure, while her husband was elected governor of Santa Cruz Province. In 1994, she was elected to the constituent assembly that amended the Constitution of Argentina, she was the First Lady from 2003 to 2007. Néstor Kirchner did not run for reelection. Instead, Cristina Kirchner was the candidate for the Front for Victory party, becoming president in the 2007 presidential election.
Her first term of office started with a conflict with the agricultural sector, her proposed taxation system was rejected. After this she nationalized private pension funds, fired the president of the Central Bank; the price of public services remained subsidised, the country lost its self-supply of energy, she renationalized energy firm YPF as a result. Her government implemented measures such as the application of universal allocation per child, the re-nationalization of pension funds, the Conectar Igualdad program, the increase in the budget for science and research, a new media law and the broadening of LGBT rights, including same-sex marriage and the Gender Identity Law. According to the World Bank, the middle class doubled in Argentina during her term, she carried out policies in pursuit of human rights, such as the trials of military personnel involved in the Dirty War. There have been more than 500 people sentenced, 1,000 convicted, in a process, unprecedented in Latin America. Several corruption scandals took place and she faced several demonstrations against her rule.
She was charged for low price sales of dollar futures and was indicted for obstructing the investigation into the 1994 AMIA Bombing. In 2018, she was indicted for corruption on charges alleging that her administration had accepted bribes in exchange for public works contracts, she is a Senator for Buenos Aires Province. Cristina Fernández was born on 19 February 1953 at Tolosa, a suburb of La Plata, capital of the Buenos Aires Province, she is the daughter of Ofelia Esther Wilhelm. Eduardo Fernández, a bus driver, was anti-Peronist and Wilhelm was a Peronist union leader. Wilhelm was a single mother. Fernández moved into her house when Cristina was two years old. Most details about her childhood such as her elementary school are unknown, she attended high school at Popular Misericordia schools. She began her college studies at the University of La Plata, she studied psychology for a year dropped it and studied law instead. She met fellow student Néstor Kirchner in 1973, he introduced her to political debates.
There were heated political controversies at the time caused by the decline of the Argentine Revolution military government, the return of the former president Juan Perón from exile, the election of Héctor Cámpora as president of Argentina, the early stages of the Dirty War. She became influenced by Peronism, left-wing politics, anti-imperialism. Despite the presence of sympathizers of the Montoneros guerrillas in La Plata, the Kirchners had never been involved themselves. Cristina and Néstor married in a civil ceremony on 9 May 1975, her mother got them administrative jobs at her union. The 1976 Argentine coup d'état took place the following year. Cristina proposed to move to Río Gallegos, Néstor's home city, but he delayed their departure until his graduation on 3 July 1976. Cristina had not yet graduated when they moved to Río Gallegos and completed the remaining subjects with distance education. There have been claims made that she never graduated, that she may have worked as a lawyer without having a degree.
This idea was proposed by the constitutionalist Daniel Sabsay, fueled by the reluctance of the National University of La Plata to release her degree. She registered at the Tribunal Superior de Justicia of Santa Cruz in 1980, the Comodoro Rivadavia's chamber of appeals in 1985 and worked as an attorney for the Justicialist Party in 1983. There are logs of minor cases where she acted as a lawyer; the claim has been sent to trial four times, the judges Norberto Oyarbide, Ariel Lijo, Sergio Torres, Claudio Bonadio all ruled that she has a degree. Néstor established a law firm that Cristina joined in 1979; the firm worked for banks and financial groups that filed eviction lawsuits, which had a growing rate at the time because the 1050 ruling of the Central Bank had increased the interest rates for mortgage loans. The Kirchners acquired twenty-one land lots at cheap prices, their law firm defended military personnel accused of committing crimes during the Dirty War. Forced disappearances were common at the time, but unlike other lawyers the Kirchners never signed a habeas corpus.
Julio César Strassera, prosecutor in the 1985 Trial of the Juntas against the military, criticized the Kirchners' lack of legal actions against the military, considered their interest in the issue a form of hypocrisy. Cristina Kirchner wa
Héctor Marcos Timerman was an Argentine journalist, human rights activist and diplomat. He served as his country's Minister of Foreign Relations from 2010 to 2015, during the presidency of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. Héctor Timerman was born to Risha and Jacobo Timerman, he was of Lithuanian Jewish descent. He was named editor-in-chief of La Tarde, one of a number of periodicals owned by his father, in 1976, steered the daily in support of the newly installed dictatorship, his father's kidnapping on 15 April 1977 prompted Timerman to become active in the defense of human rights, in 1978 he was exiled to New York City, where, in 1981, he co-founded Americas Watch, the Western Hemisphere counterpart to Helsinki Watch that proceeded the creation of the unified Human Rights Watch. He served in the board of directors of the Fund for Free Expression, a press freedom advocacy group based in London. During his exile in the U. S, he gained American citizenship. Timerman earned a master's degree in international relations at Columbia University in 1981, wrote several op-ed columns for the New York Times, Los Angeles Times and The Nation.
After returning to Argentina in 1989, he founded two news magazines, Tres Puntos and Debate, became a regular contributor to Noticias and Ámbito Financiero. He hosted a television news interview program, Diálogos con Opinión. Timerman was an early adherent to Congresswoman Elisa Carrió's center-left ARI. Following elections in 2003, however, he became a close supporter of President Néstor Kirchner. Timerman remained active in human rights advocacy, he served as a director of the Buenos Aires office of the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights from 2002 to 2004, was President of the International Coalition of Historic Site Museums of Conscience. Timerman was the first witness to give testimony in the trial of Christian von Wernich, a former Buenos Aires Province Police chaplain convicted of complicity in numerous dictatorship-era murders and tortures, he published his observations on this issue in Torture. President Néstor Kirchner appointed Timerman Consul General in New York City in July 2004, in December 2007, he was named Argentine Ambassador to the United States.
Differences between President Cristina Kirchner and Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana, an incident in which she called Taiana's loyalty into question led to Taiana's resignation on 18 June 2010. Timerman's tenure was marked by intensified diplomatic foreign controversies. Bringing perpetrators of the 1994 AMIA bombing to justice was prioritized, pursuant to which he persuaded the neighboring government of Bolivia to cut short a state visit to that country in 2011 by Iranian Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi, while working to establish a Truth Commission jointly with Iran in 2013 to investigate the 1994 bombing, he advanced ongoing efforts against vulture funds seeking payment at face value on bonds bought from resellers for pennies on the dollar, whose attempts to block payments to all other bondholders continued to threaten Argentina's successful earlier debt restructuring. The longstanding Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute figured prominently during Timerman's tenure as well. Timerman said, "We have been trying to find a peaceful solution for 180 years.
I think the fanatics are not in Buenos Aires." His policy regarding the dispute remained assertive, refusing to accept a letter from a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands who ambushed Timerman following talks in February 2013 with U. K. Foreign Secretary William Hague, obtaining declarations in support of Argentine sovereignty from African and Latin American nations, declaring that the Falklands "will be under our control within 20 years." He described the dispute in January 2014 as a "peaceful struggle". Timerman was arrested in late 2017 under charges of covering up Iranian involvement in the 1994 AMIA bombing which left 85 people dead, he died of cancer while he was under arrest on 30 December 2018. Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto The Nation: Héctor Timerman
2011 Argentine general election
Argentina held national presidential and legislative elections on Sunday, 23 October 2011. Incumbent president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner secured a second term in office after the Front for Victory won just over half of the seats in the National Congress. Mercosur Parliamentarians were popularly elected for the first time. Another novelty was the introduction of open and mandatory primaries; these took place 14 August 2011 to select the candidates of each political coalition. The nation's myriad parties forged seven coalitions, of which five became contenders for a possible runoff election: Front for Victory: the ruling party, led by President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, allies, including the New Encounter; the FpV is based on the center-left Justicialist Party factions that support the current government. Federal Peronism, or Dissident Peronism: centrist or conservative PJ figures opposed to the government and allies, including the Republican Proposal; this coalition remained divided between Eduardo Duhalde's Popular Front and Alberto Rodríguez Saá's Federal Commitment both before and after the August primaries.
Union for Social Development: the Radical Civic Union, led by Congressman Ricardo Alfonsín, allies, which included Federal Peronist Francisco de Narváez. Broad Progressive Front: the Socialist Party, led by Governor Hermes Binner, allies, including GEN and the New Party. Proyecto Sur had joined this coalition. Civic Coalition: the party, led by Congresswoman Elisa Carrió, had been part of the Civic and Social Agreement, but separated from the latter in August 2010. Other coalitions of note include the Workers' Left Front, led by Jorge Altamira, Proyecto Sur, led by Pino Solanas; the Civic and Social Agreement was an alliance between the UCR and most of what became the Progressive Ample Front and the Civic Coalition, with other, minor allies. This coalition proved unwieldy as the 2011 campaign progressed, though various forms of it will be retained in certain provinces for strategic purposes; the Front for Victory candidate for the Justicialist Party primaries was current President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.
Her husband and predecessor, Néstor Kirchner, was considered a top candidate to succeed Fernández until his death on 27 October 2010. Fernández had suffered a significant decline in approval during the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector and the subsequent recession, the ruling Front for Victory lost its absolute majority in both houses of Congress during the June 2009 mid-term elections; the economy, her approval ratings, recovered during 2010, the 2011 electoral season began with Fernández' job approval at around 58 percent, with polling indicating that she would be reelected in the first round. Fernández avoided committing herself to running for a second term during the early months of 2011. Two days before the 23 June deadline, she announced her decision to run for reelection, she nominated Amado Boudou, as her running mate on 25 June. Their ticket won a landslide victory in the 14 August primaries, obtaining just over 50% and besting the runner-up by nearly 38%.
Support for Fernández was strongest among the poor and those aged 30 to 44. Her support was weakest among the upper middle class, though she remained over 24% ahead of the runner-up among those polled within that segment; the leaders of the center-right Federal Peronism were torn between running for primary elections within the PJ against the Front for Victory, or running instead in the general election through another political alliance. Former President Eduardo Duhalde was the first to informally start his pre-candidacy campaign, announcing hypothetical cabinet picks as early as December 2009; the Governors of Chubut, Mario Das Neves, of San Luis, Alberto Rodríguez Saá, as well as former Governor of Buenos Aires Province Felipe Solá stated their intention to run for president. Das Neves became the first Federal Peronist to drop out, while Solá boosted his own prospects by securing an alliance with the conservative Republican Proposal on 16 May. Duhalde narrowly defeated Rodríguez Saá in a Buenos Aires Federal Peronism primary held on 22 May, though both men remained front-runners for their party's nomination.
Each ran on separate Federal Peronist tickets. Duhalde formally announced his Popular Union candidacy on 9 June, nominating Das Neves as his running mate. Rodríguez Saá, in turn, nominated former Santa Fe Governor José María Vernet as his running mate on his Federal Commitment ticket. Solá, who struggled in the polls, withdrew on 11 June, encouraging local candidates in his fold to form alliances with Duhalde and the party's candidate for Buenos Aires Governor, Francisco de Narváez. De Narváez endorsed Rodríguez Saá. Support for Duhalde was strongest among weakest among young voters. Rodríguez Saá polled best among upper middle class voters and those age 30 to 44; the center-left Radical Civic Union had scheduled primaries for 28 April. Both Ricardo Alfonsín, son of the late former President Raúl Alfonsín, current party leader Ernesto Sanz started pre-candidacy campaigns. Vice President Julio Cobos, considered a UCR primary candidate, had stated his intention to run only in August, during the coalition primaries.
The UCR and the Socialist Party (partners in the Civic and
September 2012 cacerolazo in Argentina
A number of cacerolazos, pot-banging protests, took place in several cities of Argentina on September 13 and November 8, 2012. The first, in September 13, was a national protest against the policies of the president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner; the protests generated significant repercussions in local politics. The second, on November 8, was another much more massive protest in several cities in Argentina, including Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Mendoza, among many others throughout Greater Buenos Aires and other regions. There were protests in Argentine embassies and consulates in cities such as New York, Madrid, Bogotá, Santiago and Barcelona, among others, its complaints were the same, but the difference in size was big. The protests are considered not only a call to Kirchnerism, but to the opposition, because they do not have a strong leader. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was re-elected by 54 % of the vote in a general election. After it, the government instituted a period of fiscal austerity which has impacted the economy.
Inflation increased to more than 25% annually, but the income tax was not adjusted accordingly, which led to a demonstration by unionist Hugo Moyano. The government imposed arbitrary trade barriers and forbade the acquisition of foreign currency, generating a black market in it; as the government denies the inflation through the manipulation of the INDEC statistics, huge amounts of $100 banknotes, the largest denomination in circulation, were printed, instead of creating a banknote of a higher value. This renewed the Boudougate, a political controversy involving the vice president Amado Boudou and the printing house appointed to print the banknotes. At the political level, President Kirchner is not allowed to run for a new mandate in 2015 and the Front for Victory has no other candidates, instead promoting an amendment to the Constitution of Argentina to allow indefinite reelections; this proposal is resisted by all the other political parties. Relations between Kirchnerism and the press worsened, with several attacks to the newspapers not aligned with the government.
President Kirchner had said to her cabinet that "you should be afraid of God, a bit afraid of me", not well received either. The 2012 Buenos Aires rail disaster, the crime levels and the lack of respect for republican institutions were invoked as causes for the protest; the demonstration was called for September 13 at 20:00. It was organized without the intervention of political parties. Many people were present at the intersection of Santa Fe and Callao Streets in Buenos Aires at 19:30, most of them gathered at Plaza de Mayo at 21:00; the main crowd numbered 200,000 people. Hundreds of people protested at the Quinta de Olivos, the official residence of the president though Kirchner was not present at the time. Similar protests took place in other cities of Argentina, next to their important places. Twenty thousand people in Córdoba gathered next to the Patio Olmos, increasing the number of previous demonstrations. In Rosario the people protested next to the National Flag Memorial; the Civic Center of San Carlos de Bariloche and the intersection of San Martín and Sarmiento in Mendoza attracted the local protesters.
Posadas, with 2,000 protesters, had the first notable demonstration against the Kirchners. Salta had a demonstration of nearly 1,000 protesters. Nearly 80% of the Argentine media at the time were controlled by the government; the official media refused to broadcast the protest at 20:00, some of began to do it at 22:00. The Televisión Pública TV channel broadcast a documentary film, C5N filmed streets with few people. Todo Noticias, not aligned with the government, broadcast the protest the whole night, with a notable boost in the points of rating. Government politicians disparaged the protest, minimizing its significance, the president said that she would not get nervous about it. Mayor Mauricio Macri requested her to listen to the people's demands. 8N
Counter-terrorism incorporates the practice, military tactics and strategy that government, law enforcement and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism. Counter-terrorism strategies include attempts to counter financing of terrorism. If terrorism is part of a broader insurgency, counter-terrorism may employ counter-insurgency measures; the United States Armed Forces use the term foreign internal defense for programs that support other countries in attempts to suppress insurgency, lawlessness, or subversion or to reduce the conditions under which these threats to security may develop. In response to the escalating terror campaign in Britain carried out by the militant Irish Fenians in the 1880s, the Home Secretary, Sir William Harcourt, established the first counter-terrorism unit ever; the Special Irish Branch was formed as a section of the Criminal Investigation Department of the London Metropolitan Police in 1883, to combat Irish republican terrorism through infiltration and subversion.
Harcourt envisioned a permanent unit dedicated to the prevention of politically motivated violence through the use of modern techniques such as undercover infiltration. This pioneering branch was the first to be trained in counter-terrorism techniques, its name was changed to Special Branch as it had its remit expanded to incorporate a general role in counterterrorism, combating foreign subversion and infiltrating organized crime. Law enforcement agencies, in Britain and elsewhere, established similar units. Counterterrorism forces expanded with the perceived growing threat of terrorism in the late 20th century. After the September 11 attacks, Western governments made counter-terrorism efforts a priority, including more foreign cooperation, shifting tactics involving red teams and preventive measures. Although sensational attacks in the developed world receive a great deal of media attention, most terrorism occurs in less developed countries. Government responses to terrorism in some cases generate substantial unintended consequences.
Most counter-terrorism strategies involve an increase in domestic intelligence. The central activities are traditional: interception of communications, the tracing of persons. New technology has, expanded the range of military and law enforcement operations. Domestic intelligence is directed at specific groups, defined on the basis of origin or religion, a source of political controversy. Mass surveillance of an entire population raises objections on civil liberties grounds. Homegrown terrorists lone wolves are harder to detect because of their citizenship or legal status and ability to stay under the radar. To select the effective action when terrorism appears to be more of an isolated event, the appropriate government organizations need to understand the source, methods of preparation, tactics of terrorist groups. Good intelligence is at the heart of such preparation, as well as political and social understanding of any grievances that might be solved. Ideally, one gets information from inside the group, a difficult challenge for HUMINT because operational terrorist cells are small, with all members known to one another even related.
Counterintelligence is a great challenge with the security of cell-based systems, since the ideal, but nearly impossible, goal is to obtain a clandestine source within the cell. Financial tracking can play a role, as can communications intercept, but both of these approaches need to be balanced against legitimate expectations of privacy. In response to the growing legislation. United KingdomThe United Kingdom has had anti-terrorism legislation in place for more than thirty years; the Prevention of Violence Act 1939 was brought in response to an Irish Republican Army campaign of violence under the S-Plan. This act had been allowed to expire in 1953 and was repealed in 1973 to be replaced by the Prevention of Terrorism Acts a response to the Troubles in Northern Ireland. From 1974 to 1989 the temporary provisions of the act were renewed annually. In 2000 the Acts were replaced with the more permanent Terrorism Act 2000, which contained many of their powers, the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005.
The Anti-terrorism and Security Act 2001 was formally introduced into the Parliament November 19, 2001 two months after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States. It received royal assent and went into force on December 13, 2001. On December 16, 2004 the Law Lords ruled that Part 4 was incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights, but under the terms of the Human Rights Act 1998 it remained in force; the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 was drafted to answer the Law Lords ruling and the Terrorism Act 2006 creates new offences related to terrorism, amends existing ones. The Act was drafted in the aftermath of the 7 July 2005 London bombings, like its predecessors some of its terms have proven to be controversial. Since 1978 the UK's terrorism laws have been reviewed by a security-cleared Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, whose influential reports are submitted to Parliament and published in full. United StatesU. S. Legal issues surrounding this issue include rulings on the domestic employment of deadly force by law enforcement organizations.
Search and seizure is governed by the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The U. S. passed the USA PATRIOT Act after the September 11 attacks, as well as a range of other legislation and executive orders relating to national security. The Department of Homeland Security was established to consolidate domestic security agencies to coordinate anti-terrorism, as well as national response to major natural d
The 18F was a demonstration that took place in Argentina on February 18, 2015, one month after the death of prosecutor Alberto Nisman. Nisman was investigating the 1994 AMIA bombing, a terrorist attack, accused the president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of covering up Iranian suspects, he was found dead at his home the day before he could address the Congress, his death was still an unsolved case at the time of the demonstration. It was attended in Buenos Aires during a torrential storm. Alberto Nisman was a prosecutor working on the AMIA bombing case, it was a terrorist attack against a Jewish community center that took place in 1994, and, still unsolved. Nisman prepared a criminal complaint against president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, accusing her of covering up the involvement of Iranian suspects, he was found dead at his house on January 18, one day before he would report his progress to the Congress. As of February 18, the date of the demonstration, the investigation of his death had not settled if it was a suicide or a murder.
The demonstration was organized by a group of prosecutors, attended by Nisman's relatives, including his former wife, judge Sandra Arroyo Salgado. The protest in Buenos Aires took place under a torrential storm, it was attended by thousands of people anyway, the street was filled with umbrellas and Argentine flags. It started at 19:00 at the Congressional Plaza, continued through Avenida de Mayo with a stop at Nisman's working place, ended at Plaza de Mayo, it was organized as a silent demonstration, only as an homage to Alberto Nisman, devoid of political flags or banners. The rule was followed, with occasional exceptions for waves of spontaneous clapping or people singing the Argentine national anthem; the city police estimated. There were similar demonstrations at other populated places of Argentina, such as Mar del Plata, Córdoba and Rosario. President Kirchner led the opening of the Atucha II Nuclear Power Plant on the same day, with a speech delivered though the emergency population warning.
Contrary to expectations, she did not mention the demonstration at all. She stayed at her private home in El Calafate during the demonstration. Cabinet chief Jorge Capitanich considered that the demonstration was a coup d'état attempt by the judiciary, he said that the government respected popular demonstrations, said that the people who called it were both supporters of baby theft during the National Reorganization Process and lawyers of drug dealers
2012 Buenos Aires rail disaster
The 2012 Buenos Aires rail disaster known as the Once Tragedy, occurred on 22 February 2012, when a train crashed at Once Station in the Balvanera neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina. There were about 1,000 passengers on board when the crowded eight-carriage train, whose working brakes were not activated, hit the buffers at the end of the line, crushing the motor carriage and the following two carriages, after approaching the station at a speed of 26 kilometres per hour. Fifty-one people were killed and more than 700 were injured; the Sarmiento Line, on which the incident occurred, was operated by Trenes de Buenos Aires, owned by the Cirigliano brothers. It was the second fatal accident on the line within six months, following the 2011 Flores rail crash, the third-deadliest train accident in Argentina's history, after the Benavidez rail disaster in 1970 and the Sa Pereira rail disaster in 1978. Train number 16 was operating the Sarmiento Line local service 3772 from Moreno to Once during the morning rush hour on the first working day after a Carnival holiday.
The train was reported to be traveling too fast—about 50 kilometres per hour —on entry to the station. It failed to stop before the end of the track at Once Station and at 8:33 ART crashed into the buffer stops at a speed of 26 kilometres per hour; the motor carriage and the following two carriages were crushed. Several passengers described the impact as an explosion. Several ambulances were in the area at the time of the accident, waiting for a ship that had suffered an influenza B outbreak, were used to transport victims to nearby hospitals. People with minor injuries left the accident zone on foot. According to the city's head of civil defence, the rescue was difficult because the hard and complicated structure of the carriages made the task of removing the wreckage difficult; the train driver survived the crash. It took many people to free him from the wreckage, he was not injured, a test for blood alcohol content gave a negative result. The Sarmiento Line did not resume normal operation for several hours.
People demanding the reopening of the line threw bottles and chairs at federal police and soldiers guarding the crash site, though police regained control within a few minutes. Fifty-one people, including three children, were confirmed dead. More than 700 others were injured; the crash scene and audio logs were examined to determine the cause of the accident. Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner declared two days of national mourning and suspended the Carnival festivities. Mauricio Macri, the chief of government of the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, the governor of Buenos Aires Province, Daniel Scioli, did the same. Secretary of Transport Juan Pablo Schiavi announced that the government will investigate the accident, he reported that the driver was well rested at the time of the accident and had good labour reports. The train's and station's black box and the security tapes were handed to the a Federal Judge. Minister of Planning and Public Investment Julio de Vido announced that the presidency would initiate a lawsuit against TBA, the owners of the Sarmiento line, but, not accepted by the Justice Department, arguing that government officials could have broad responsibilities in the accident.
The Radical Civic Union proposed the impeachment of Schiavi, requesting explanations about the state of railway lines, pointing to previous complaints about the lack of proper state control over the working of the lines. They urged Congress to create a commission to investigate the case and the responsibilities of the government; the Civic Coalition criticized De Vido's announcement, pointing out that the state cannot be plaintiff as it is involved in the case. The General Confederation of Labour complained about the overall poor condition of the railways, saying that the accident highlighted the problem; the Argentine Workers' Central Union requested the removal of the TBA administration of the train. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the United Kingdom regretted the incident and expressed its condolences to the "families of the victims" and the "emergency agencies that are still working to aid" those in the accident; the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs of Mexico sent its condolences to the "sister country of Argentina" and hoped for the "speedy recovery of the families and those injured."
Pope Benedict XVI sent his condolences. A union leader said that the train had been working well, there had been no problems with the brakes at previous stations; some passengers reported the same. The driver, 28-year-old Marcos Antonio Córdoba, was taken into custody but released by the investigating judge over the objections of the prosecutor after declaring under oath "I tried to brake twice, but the mechanism failed." He activated the hand brake, which failed. A judicial source said Cordoba told investigators: "At each station he advised the dispatcher by radio that he had problems with the brakes." He said he was told to keep going. An event in Plaza de Mayo was arranged for 22 February 2014, to mark the second anniversary of the crash. On 29 December 2015, the case was tried and resulted in the conviction of 21 people and the acquittal of seven. Sergio Cigliano, one of the owners of TBA, was sentenced to nine years in prison. Juan Pablo Schiavi, former Secretary of Transportation, was se