New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs
The New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs is responsible for the state's New York Army National Guard, New York Air National Guard, New York Guard and the New York Naval Militia. It is headed by Adjutant General of New York Major General Raymond F. Shields Jr. appointed on October 1, 2018. With the Governor of New York Andrew Cuomo serving as Commander in Chief of the state's militia forces, it is part of the New York State Executive Department. All of the armories in New York State are run directly or indirectly by the Division of Military and Naval Affairs; the DMNA headquarters, located in Latham, New York near Albany, is within 8 miles of both the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory and the General Electric Research and Development facility in Niskayuna, New York. The New York National Guard consists of the New York Army National Guard and the New York Air National Guard The Constitution of the United States charges the "Militia of the Several States," now embodied as the National Guard, with dual federal and state missions.
In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control; the Governor may call individuals or units of the New York National Guard into service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law." The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress. When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief; the federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."
Unlike United States Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually, but only as part of their respective units. However, there have been a significant number of individual activations to support military operations; the state defense force of New York is the New York Guard, is a military entity authorized by both the State Code of New York and executive order. The New York Guard is the state’s authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the New York National Guard in the event the Guard is mobilized; the New York Guard comprises a large number of retired active and reserve military personnel and selected professionals who volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state. The New York Naval Militia is the naval militia of New York, serves as the naval equivalent of the National Guard; as a federally-recognized naval militia, 95% of members of the naval militia must be members of the United States Navy Reserve or the United States Marine Corps Reserve.
Since 1997, New York has allowed members of the United States Coast Guard Reserve to join the naval militia as well. Karl F. Hausauer, Major General, circ. 1949 The New York Aid to Civil Authority Medal is an award of the State of New York given to the New York State Organized Militia. The New York Aid to Civil Authority Ribbon is awarded any member of the New York Organized Militia who performs any period of state active duty. For each succeeding award, a medal device will be attached to the suspension ribbon and service ribbon; these devices shall be: Silver gold The New York Counterdrug Ribbon is an award of the New York National Guard. The New York Counterdrug Ribbon is awarded to any member of the New York State Organized Militia who satisfactorily completes thirty days of service related to counter-drug operations. Time spent at the National Interagency Counterdrug Institute does not count towards this award's eligibility requirement; the New York Exercise Support Ribbon is a decoration of the state of New York awarded to members of the New York National Guard.
The New York Exercise Support Ribbon is awarded to members of the New York Army National Guard and New York Air National Guard who participate in military exercises directed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Subsequent awards of this ribbon are denoted by a silver'E' device worn on the ribbon. Division of Military and Naval Affairs Division of Military and Naval Affairs in the New York Codes and Regulations New York Army National Guard New York Air National Guard New York State Guard New York Naval Militia Bibliography of New York Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
Thurman Lee Thomas is a former American football player, a running back in the National Football League for the Buffalo Bills and Miami Dolphins. Thomas was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2007 and into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2008. Thomas was an important part of the Bills "no-huddle offense" that won four consecutive AFC championships. Thomas was born in Texas, he grew up playing football on the Missouri City Junior High School and Willowridge High School teams. During the 1982-83 season, Thomas led the Willowridge football team to a Texas Class 4A State Title, he resided in the Willow Park II subdivision, located southeast of the Fort Bend Tollway and Beltway 8. Thomas attended college at Oklahoma State University where he was an upperclassman teammate of running back Barry Sanders. At Oklahoma State, Thomas had 897 rushes for 4,595 yards, 43 touchdowns, 5,146 total yards, 21 100-yard rushing games, he was a Heisman Trophy candidate in his senior year, finishing seventh in voting.
He was a first team selection on the College Football All-America Team in 1985 and 1987. Thomas led the Big Eight in rushing and scoring in 1985 and 1987 and was voted the conference's Offensive Player of the Year both seasons. Thurman Thomas starred as a sophomore in 1985 when he posted 1,553 yards rushing, fourth best in the country. Between his sophomore and junior seasons he suffered a tear to his ACL in his left knee, missing some games during the 1986 season, he bounced back his senior season, rushing for 1,613 yards and finishing third nationally in rushing. From 1984-87, Thomas carried the ball a remarkable 897 times for the Cowboys, the most rushing attempts in a career in Oklahoma State history. In the 1987 Sun Bowl, Thomas ran for 157 yards and four touchdowns in the 35-33 comeback victory over West Virginia, keeping sophomore Barry Sanders on the sidelines for the majority of the game. Thomas left OSU as the school's all-time leading rusher and his number 34 is one of only three jerseys retired at Oklahoma State.
In 2008, Thomas was inducted to the College Football Hall of Fame. A knee injury damaged Thomas's certain first round pick status and caused him to slip into second round of the 1988 NFL Draft by the Buffalo Bills, their first choice in the draft. Thomas is well known as part of the offense that included Jim Kelly and Andre Reed, which led the Bills to four straight Super Bowl appearances. Thomas was the AFC rushing leader in 1990, 1991, 1993. In the first three seasons of his career, Thomas had a total of 12 games with at least 100 yards rushing; the Bills won every one of those games. In 1989 and 1990, his combined total yards from scrimmage was 3,742; this was more than 200 yards better than any other player in the NFL. He was voted to the All-Pro team in 1990 and 1991, was selected to 5 straight Pro Bowls from 1989–1993, was named NFL's Most Valuable Player in 1991, after becoming the 11th player in NFL history to finish a season with over 2,000 all-purpose yards, he is 15th on the NFL all-time list for most rushing yards in a career.
Thomas holds the all-time Buffalo Bills rushing record with 11,938 yards and the team record for yards from scrimmage with 16,279 over 12 years. He is 4th overall in team scoring. Overall, Thomas finished his 13 seasons with 12,074 rushing yards, 472 receptions for 4,458 yards, 88 touchdowns with 16,532 total yards from scrimmage. Thomas is the only player in NFL history to lead the league in total yards from scrimmage for four consecutive seasons, he is one of only six running backs to have 10,000 yards rushing. Walter Payton, Marshall Faulk, Marcus Allen, Tiki Barber, LaDainian Tomlinson are the other five. Thomas is one of five running backs to have rushed for over 1,000 yards in 8 consecutive seasons along with Curtis Martin, Barry Sanders, Emmitt Smith and Tomlinson. Thomas set NFL playoff records with the most career points and consecutive playoff games with a touchdown. Overall, he caught 76 passes for 672 yards in his 21 postseason games. In a 1989 playoff loss to the Cleveland Browns, Thomas recorded 13 receptions for 150 yards and 2 touchdowns, a postseason record for receptions by a running back and tied tight end Kellen Winslow's record for most receptions in a playoff game.
At the time of his retirement, his 76 postseason receptions ranked him 4th all time, to this day he remains the only running back among the NFL's top 10 leaders in that category. Thomas had an outstanding performance in Super Bowl XXV, rushing for 135 yards and a touchdown, while catching 5 passes for 55 yards, he would have certainly won the Super Bowl MVP award, but the Bills lost the game 20-19 when kicker Scott Norwood missed a 47-yard field goal attempt with 8 seconds remaining. Some fans and sports writers, such as Sports Illustrated writer Paul Zimmerman, have argued that Thomas had the best performance of the game, so therefore he should have won the MVP award though his team lost, he had far more yards and catches than New York Giants running back Ottis Anderson, who won the MVP. His performances in the Bills other postseason games that year were superb, he rushed for a total of 255 yards, caught 8 passes for 99 yards, scored 3 touchdowns in their 2 playoff games prior to the Super Bowl.
Thomas is noted for a mishap in Super Bowl XXVI. Thomas had a pre-game ritual, his helmet was moved in order for the stage to be set up for Harry Connick, Jr. to perform the national anthem. This cau
Madden NFL 12
Madden NFL 12 is an American football video game based on the National Football League published by EA Sports and developed by EA Tiburon. It was released on August 30, 2011 in North America and Asia, September 1, 2011 in Australia, September 2, 2011 in Europe, it was available on August 2011 to EA Sports Season Ticket subscribers for a three-day trial. It was the final Madden NFL game to be released on PlayStation Portable; the demo was released on August 9. EA Sports added 25 new plays to Madden NFL 12. Rookies now have real faces; the Madden Developers team is available in Play Now mode by pressing random team. Various NFL players can be found in the free agents; the kickoffs are now at the 35-yard line rather than the 30-yard line, to match the NFL's rule changing. Onside kicks can be executed from standard kickoff formations. Tuner or for developers to improve gameplay code without the distribution of official patches. To support awareness for concussions, players who suffer a concussion during gameplay will no longer be allowed to return to the game.
A new collision system uses momentum to produce more authentic tackling and hits with 100 new tackle animations, including 40 gang tackles. AI enhancements allow players in zone and man coverage to recognize and react to plays with the capability to break out of assignments when necessary; the custom playbooks feature allows the player to modify an existing playbook or create his or her own by selecting plays from 75 playbooks. The opening presentation for games includes cheerleaders for all teams that have them. Player traits change dynamically throughout a game based on his performance. Quarterbacks have distinct throwing motions, making them look much more like their real-life counterparts. During free agency in franchise mode, players bid auction-style against other general managers for free agents. Expanded rosters in the preseason allow teams to have 75 players on the roster and need to make roster cuts each week. Unlike previous versions of Madden NFL, players can trade for future draft picks.
There are hot and cold streaks that will affect player ratings throughout the season. When a player is placed on Injured Reserve, a new player may be signed without having to cut anyone; this is the last Madden game to have a create a team mode without the use of the internet. This is the last Madden game to have a create a player mode without the use of the internet. On March 21, 2011, EA began a bracket style 32-player tournament for fans to vote and decide who would appear on the cover for the 2012 edition of Madden; the two players in the final round of the tournament were running back Peyton Hillis of the Cleveland Browns and quarterback Michael Vick of the Philadelphia Eagles. Peyton Hillis was announced as the winner on ESPN's SportsNation by a score of 66% to 34%; the soundtrack featured various hip hop and rock songs from various artists including Alberta Cross, Rise Against, Snoop Dogg, T-Pain, Chris Brown, Theophilus London, Five Finger Death Punch, Foo Fighters and many more. The game was met with positive to average reception upon release.
GameRankings and Metacritic gave it 78 out of 100 for the Xbox 360 version. Digital Spy gave the Xbox 360 version a score of four stars out of five and stated: "A severe lack of additional game modes and revolutionary new features means that many of the tweaks will only be noticeable to hardcore fans. Casual onlookers can rest assured, that Madden NFL 12 is one mighty fine football game and worth checking out if you've been on the bench for a few years." The Digital Fix gave it eight out of ten and said, "If you are into sports, EA lead the field and you could do a lot worse than picking this one up. If you are an American football fan, it’s a must buy." The Escapist gave it four stars out of five and said, "If you haven't picked up a copy of Madden in a while, 12 is a lot of fun. If you're still getting fun out of more recent versions, there's nothing here you can't live without." However, The A. V. Club gave it a B− and said that the "greatest problem" is that the game "replicates watching the NFL more than it does playing NFL football.
While that serves the millions who play year after year, it leaves NFL fans who want something more waiting for EA's exclusive contract with the league to end." As of October 2011, over 3 million copies of the game have been sold across all platforms. A special "Hall of Fame" cover was announced, with Madden NFL 2003 cover athlete and 2011 Hall of Fame inductee Marshall Faulk appearing in his St. Louis Rams uniform. One of four autographed Panini trading cards featuring Faulk is included in each copy. Two valuable cards are made up of 18 karat gold. In Ultimate Team mode, there is a Platinum Pack featuring thirteen Hall of Famers and former cover athletes; this version is only available in region 1 formats for sale in the United States. NCAA Football 12 Madden NFL Madden NFL 12 at MobyGames
Lee Evans (American football)
Lee Evans III is a former American football wide receiver in the National Football League. He was drafted by the Buffalo Bills in the first round of the 2004 NFL Draft and played for the Baltimore Ravens, he played college football at Wisconsin. As the highest drafted receiver for the Bills since Eric Moulds, Evans emerged as a dangerous deep threat for the team, he still ranks among the top five receivers in Bills history in terms of receptions and touchdowns, despite never making the Pro Bowl. Born in Bedford, Evans attended Bedford High School in Bedford, Ohio, a suburb located southeast of Cleveland, Ohio. Evans was a high hurdler, with personal-bests of 13.59 seconds in the 110 metres hurdles and 37.32 seconds in the 300 metres hurdles. Evans caught 5 touchdowns in his freshman season at Wisconsin. Lee Evans put together an incredible season despite having three different quarterbacks during the year. Evans caught 75 passes for 9 touchdowns. Evans missed the entire season. In Evans's last year at Wisconsin, the star receiver put together a season to remember for the Badgers.
He caught 64 passes for 13 touchdowns. His finest game as a Badger came in a 56-21 blowout of the Michigan State Spartans: Evans caught 10 passes for 258 yards and 5 touchdowns; the Buffalo Bills selected Evans with the 13th overall pick in the first round of the 2004 NFL Draft. Lee was the first wide receiver since Eric Moulds in 1996 to be taken by the Bills in the first round. Evans was assigned the jersey number 84. Evans, as a reference to his full name, had always worn the number 3 in college, a number, not allowed to be used in the National Football League for wide receivers. At that time and tight ends were only allowed to wear uniform numbers 80-89. Evans, in order to include the number 3 somewhere in his jersey number, instead chose 83, which required special permission; the Bills' first-round draft pick moved into the starting lineup in his first season and emerged as one of the Bills' best players on offense. He caught 48 passes for 9 touchdowns as a rookie; the nine touchdowns remains a Bills rookie record.
During a game between the Bills and Miami Dolphins on December 4, 2005, Evans faced off against his former teammate on the Wisconsin Badgers, Chris Chambers. Evans set career highs with receiving yards and touchdowns, but Chambers set Miami franchise records for receptions and receiving yards as well as scoring the game-winning touchdown in the final seconds. Evans became a fan-favorite among Bills fans. After the departure of Eric Moulds, he established himself as the Bills' top receiver in 2006 with 82 receptions for 1,292 receiving yards and 8 touchdowns, he became a big ally for starting quarterback J. P. Losman in the passing game, establishing himself as a deep threat at wide receiver. On November 19, 2006, in a game against the Houston Texans, he set the Buffalo Bills record for receiving yards in one quarter and one game, he became the first player in league history to record two 80-yard-plus touchdowns in one quarter when he caught two 83-yard touchdown passes in the first quarter. In a 2007 game against the New York Jets, Evans wrestled a long pass away from Jets rookie cornerback Darrelle Revis, which resulted in an 85-yard touchdown reception to clinch the game for the Bills as they won 13–3.
Evans underwent minor shoulder surgery in the 2008 offseason. Coach Dick Jauron stated; the offseason surgery did not seem to slow Evans down in the 2008 season as he recorded his second 1,000 yards receiving season with 63 receptions, 1,017 yards, three touchdowns, including an 87-yard score from Losman, who had since been relegated to the backup for Trent Edwards. Despite his strong play the Bills missed the postseason at 7-9; the next two seasons were less successful for Evans, as his yardage and touchdown count regressed both years with Terrell Owens and Stevie Johnson taking over Evans' role as Buffalo's top receiver. On December 12, 2010, Evans injured his ankle against the Cleveland Browns and was placed on injured reserve, which would be the last time he suited up for the Bills. Evans finished his Buffalo career with the third most receiving yards and touchdowns in franchise history, in addition to the fourth most receptions, which included six passes that each went for more than 70 yards.
On August 12, 2011, Evans was traded to the Baltimore Ravens for a 4th round pick in the 2012 NFL Draft. He missed a fair amount of the season with injuries. Evans played in 9 games, finished the season with four receptions for 74 yards. In the AFC Championship Game, a pass was thrown to Evans in the end zone that if caught, would have secured a trip to the Super Bowl for the Ravens; the football hit Evans in the hands, but was knocked out by New England Patriots cornerback Sterling Moore. Two plays Billy Cundiff missed a field goal that would have sent the game into overtime, the Patriots won. On April 15, 2012, Evans signed a one-year contract with the Jacksonville Jaguars, he was released on August 12, 2012. In 2012, after he was released by the Jacksonville Jaguars, Evans announced his retirement. Evans is married to the former Miranda Farr. Archived official web site at the Wayback Machine Buffalo Bills bio Lee Evans at ESPN.com
London Levi Fletcher is a former American football linebacker who played in the National Football League. He played college football at John Carroll, signed with the St. Louis Rams as an undrafted free agent in 1998. Fletcher played for the Buffalo Bills and Washington Redskins. Fletcher was well known for never missing a game in his career, being one of only five players in NFL history to play in over 250 consecutive games. Fletcher holds the record for consecutive starts at the linebacker position, he finished his career with 215 consecutive games started, which ties him for 6th all time along with Alan Page and Ronde Barber. Fletcher attended Villa Angela-St. Joseph High School in Cleveland and won varsity letters in football and basketball, he played on two state championship basketball teams. While attending John Carroll University, Fletcher played both basketball and football for the John Carroll Blue Streaks; as a senior, he was named the Division III National Linebacker of the Year. Fletcher attended Saint Francis University of Pennsylvania before transferring to John Carroll University.
He was on the men's basketball team while at Saint Francis. Fletcher ran a 4.38 in the 40-yard dash. He worked out for several NFL teams and was expected to be a day 2 selection, but was not one of the 30 linebackers drafted during the 1998 NFL Draft. On April 28, 1998, the St. Louis Rams signed Fletcher to a one-year, $158,000 contract as an undrafted free agent, he made his professional regular season debut in the St. Louis Rams’ season-opening 24-17 loss against the New Orleans Saints. On December 27, 1998, Fletcher earned, he made eight solo tackles on defense and seven special teams tackles as the Rams lost 38-19 at the San Francisco 49ers in a Week 17. Fletcher earned the Rams Rookie of the Year Award, he finished the season with 14 combined tackles in one start. Throughout training camp, Fletcher competed against Charlie Clemons and Lorenzo Styles to be the starting middle linebacker after the Rams chose not to re-sign Eric Hill. Head coach Dick Vermeil names Fletcher the starting middle linebacker to begin the regular season, alongside outside linebacker Todd Collins and Mike Jones.
On October 3, 1999, Fletcher collected a season-high 11 combined tackles and made his first career sack during a 38-10 win at the Cincinnati Bengals in Week 3. Fletcher sacked Bengals’ quarterback Jeff Blake for a ten-yard loss during the third quarter. In Week 9, Fletcher recorded five combined tackles and earned his first career safety during a 31-27 loss at the Detroit Lions. Fletcher earner his safety after tackling running back Greg Hill in the endzone for a one-yard loss during the first quarter. Fletcher started in all 16 games in 1999 and recorded a total of 138 tackles on defense and special teams combined, his 138 tackles were the most by a Ram since Roman Phifer collected 149 tackles in the 1995. Fletcher recorded 90 combined tackles, with three sacks, one safety on defense; the St. Louis Rams earned a first round bye. On January 16, 2000, Fletcher started in his first career playoff game and recorded 11 combined tackles and made one sack during a 49-37 victory against the Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Divisional Round.
The following week, he made nine combined tackles as the Rams defeated the Tampa Bay Buccaneers 11-6 in the NFC Championship Game. On January 30, 2000, Fletcher started in Super Bowl XXXIV and recorded 11 combined tackles as he Rams defeated the Tennessee Titans 23-16, he was named to the All-Madden team and as a second alternate to the Pro Bowl for the first time. On February 2, 2000, St. Louis Rams’ head coach Dick Vermeil announced his decision to retire; the St. Louis Rams prompted offensive coordinator Mike Martz to head coach. Martz retained Fletcher and Jones as the starting linebackers, he started in the St. Louis Rams’ against the Denver Broncos and collected a season-high 14 combined tackles and made two sacks during their 41-36 victory. On November 12, 2000, Fletcher made six solo tackles, forced a fumble, made his first career interception during a 38-24 at the New York Giants in Week 11. Fletcher intercepted a pass by Giants’ Kerry Collins, intended for wide receiver Ike Hilliard, returned it for a 12-yard gain during the third quarter.
In Week 13, Fletcher recorded seven combined tackles, was credited with half a sack, made a season-high two interceptions during a 31-24 loss against the New Orleans Saints. He made both interceptions off pass attempts by Saints’ quarterback Aaron Brooks. In Week 15, he recorded ten combined tackles and two sacks during a 40-29 victory against the Minnesota Vikings, his performance earned. He led the team with 193 tackles on defense and special teams, eclipsing the old franchise mark of 185 set by LB Jim Collins in 1984. Fletcher recorded 132 combined tackles on defense and made four interceptions and 5.5 sacks in 16 games and 15 starts. In 2001, Fletcher earned NFC Defensive Player of the Week honors twice and was an alternate to the pro bowl for the third straight season. In a game against the San Francisco 49ers on September 23, he led the team with a career-high 21 tackles, 15 solo; the second time was after his big performance against the New England Patriots on November 18 as he led the team with 17 tackles with one pass deflection.
He forced a fumble on the Rams’ three-yard line that led to a 97-yard scoring drive to end the first half and intercepted a Tom Brady pass with 5:18 left in the third