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2011 Census of India

The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings. Information for National Population Register was collected in the first phase, which will be used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India; the second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011. Census has been conducted in India since 1872 and 2011 marks the first time biometric information was collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March 2011, the Indian population increased to 1.21 billion with a decadal growth of 17.70%. Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%. The motto of the census was'Our Census, Our future'. Spread across 29 states and 9 union territories, the census covered 640 districts, 5,924 sub-districts, 7,935 towns and more than 600,000 villages.

A total of 2.7 million officials visited households in 7,935 towns and 600,000 villages, classifying the population according to gender, religion and occupation. The cost of the exercise was ₹2,200 crore – this comes to less than $0.50 per person, well below the estimated world average of $4.60 per person. Conducted every 10 years, this census faced big challenges considering India's vast area and diversity of cultures and opposition from the manpower involved. Information on castes was included in the census following demands from several ruling coalition leaders including Gopinath Munde Lalu Prasad Yadav, Sharad Yadav and Mulayam Singh Yadav supported by opposition parties Bharatiya Janata Party, Akali Dal, Shiv Sena and Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. Information on caste was last collected during the British Raj in 1931. During the early census, people exaggerated their caste status to garner social status and it is expected that people downgrade it now in the expectation of gaining government benefits.

Earlier, There was speculation that there would be a caste-based census conducted in 2011, the first time for 80 years, to find the exact population of the "Other Backward Classes" in India. This was accepted and the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 was conducted whose first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. Mandal Commission report of 1980 quoted OBC population at 52%, though National Sample Survey Organisation survey of 2006 quoted OBC population at 41%There is only one instance of a caste-count in post-independence India, it was conducted in Kerala in 1968 by the Communist government under E M S Namboodiripad to assess the social and economic backwardness of various lower castes. The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, 1971. C M Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census. Census data was collected in 16 languages and the training manual was prepared in 18 languages.

In 2011, India and Bangladesh conducted their first-ever joint census of areas along their border. The census was conducted in two phases; the first, the house-listing phase, began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of data about all the buildings and census houses. Information for the National Population Register was collected in the first phase; the second, the population enumeration phase, was conducted from 9 – 28 February 2011 all over the country. The eradication of epidemics, the availability of more effective medicines for the treatment of various types of diseases and the improvement in the standard of living were the main reasons for the high decadal growth of population in India; the House-listing schedule contained 35 questions. The Population enumeration schedule contained 30 questions; the National Population Register household schedule contained 9 questions. Once the information was collected and digitised, fingerprints were taken and photos collected. Unique Identification Authority of India was to issue a 12-digit identification number to all individuals and the first ID was to have been issued in 2011.

Provisional data from the census was released on 31 March 2011. Transgender population was counted in population census in India for first time in 2011; the overall sex ratio of the population is 940 females for every 1,000 males in 2011. The official count of the third gender in India is 490,000 The population of India as per 2011 census was 1,210,854,977. India added 181.5 million to its population since 2001 lower than the population of Brazil. India, with 2.4% of the world's surface area, accounts for 17.5% of its population. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with 200 million people. Over half the population resided in the six most populous states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Of the 1.21 billion Indians, 833 million live in rural areas. 453.6 million people in India are migrants, 37.8% of total population. India is the homeland of major belief systems such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, while being home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries.

Since its inception, the Census of India has been collecting and publishing information about the religious affiliations as expressed by the people of India. In fact, population census has the rare distinction of being the only instrument that collects this diverse and important characteristic of the Indian population; the religious data on India Census 2011 was released by the Governm

Tinsley Ellis

Tinsley Ellis is an American blues and rock musician, born in Atlanta, United States, grew up in South Florida. According to Billboard, "nobody has released more excellent blues albums than Atlanta's Tinsley Ellis, he sings like a man possessed and wields a mean lead guitar."Rolling Stone said, "On assertive originals and standards by the likes of Jimmy Reed and Junior Wells, Atlanta's Tinsley Ellis unleashes feral blues guitar. Nonstop gigging has sharpened his six-string to a razor's edge…his eloquence dazzles…he achieves pyrotechnics that rival early Jeff Beck and Eric Clapton." His love for electric blues grew by listening to British Invasion bands such as the Yardbirds, the Animals and the Rolling Stones. Inspired by a live appearance by B. B. King, he was determined to become a blues guitarist. In 1975, he played with the Haygood Band. Two years already an accomplished musician, he returned to Atlanta and joined his first professional blues band, the Alley Cats, a group that included Preston Hubbard of the Fabulous Thunderbirds.

Ellis graduated from Emory in 1979 with a degree in history. In 1981, he formed the Heartfixers, with the harmonica player Chicago Bob Nelson; the group recorded three albums for the small Landslide record label, one with the singer, Nappy Brown before breaking up in 1988. The same year, Ellis signed a recording contract with Chicago's Alligator Records, his debut solo album on Alligator Records, Georgia Blue, was released in 1988. Alligator reissued two of his earlier CDs, Cool On It and Tore Up. Ellis' next four releases were Fanning the Flames, Trouble Time, Storm Warning, Fire It Up. Artists including Peter Buck, Derek Trucks, Chuck Leavell joined him in the studio, he worked with Eddy Offord and Tom Dowd. Ellis' reputation and media coverage continued to grow, he appeared on NBC-TV Sports during the network's 1996 Summer Olympics coverage. Ellis released Kingpin. In 2002 he joined Telarc Records, producing two CDs: The Hard Way. All the while Ellis never stopped touring. "A musician never got famous by staying home," Ellis says.

Ellis claims to have performed at least once, in all 50 of the United States. He returned to Alligator Records in 2005 with the live album, Live! Highwayman. In 2007 he released Moment of Truth, followed in 2009 with Speak No Evil. Ellis continues to tour over 150 nights a year around the world, he has shared stages with Warren Haynes, Widespread Panic, the Allman Brothers Band, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Jimmy Thackery, Otis Rush, Willie Dixon, Son Seals, Koko Taylor, Albert Collins and Buddy Guy. In early 2013, Ellis was a part of the'Blues at the Crossroads 2' tour which celebrated the music of Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf; the tour included Kim Wilson and the Fabulous Thunderbirds, James Cotton, Bob Margolin and Jody Williams. In 2013, Ellis launched his own label, Heartfixer Music, has since released several albums: the all instrumental Get It!, Midnight Blue, Tough Love and, in 2016, Red Clay Soul. In 2014, Ellis was a guest performer on Primitive Son. In 2017, Ellis launched a new side project called Tinsley Ellis Blues Is Dead, in which he performs the blues and R&B songs recorded by Grateful Dead and other Fillmore era acts.

Commenting on Ellis's latest album, Ice Cream in Hell, AllMusic stated "On Ice Cream in Hell, Ellis' songwriting and singing match the prowess in his playing, we are all richer for it." 1986 – Cool on It 1988 – Georgia Blue 1989 – Fanning the Flames 1992 – Trouble Time 1994 – Storm Warning 1997 – Fire it Up 2000 – Kingpin 2002 – Hell or High Water 2004 – The Hard Way 2005 – Live! Highwayman 2007 – Moment of Truth 2009 – Speak No Evil 2013 – Get It! 2014 – Midnight Blue 2015 – Tough Love 2016 – Red Clay Soul 2018 – Winning Hand 2020 – Ice Cream In Hell 1996 – A Celebration of Blues: The New Breed Official website Tinsley Ellis at Alligator Records Tinsley Ellis at AllMusic Tinsley Ellis Interview on TheWaster.com The Daily Times Tinsley Ellis Interview/review Tinsley Ellis Bluesquest interview

TDLR 7 and 8

Tralee and Dingle Light Railway 7 and 8 were two 2-6-0T locomotives manufactured by Kerr and Company in 1902 and 1903 for the Tralee and Dingle Light Railway. Around the turn of the 20th century the Tralee and Dingle Railway saw an increase in its traffic. On this railway cattle were far more important than passengers so the directors began looking for extra motive power. Taking into account that the line had only light trackwork, heavier locomotives were out of the question without changes to the wheel arrangement, although extra power could be made available with changes to the cylinders or boiler tubework to increase the heating surface and so the tractive effort; these two locomotives, built by Kerr Stuart at their California Works, Stoke-on-Trent, provided the extra motive power and retained the 2-6-0T wheel arrangement. On the amalgamation in 1925 these locomotives passed to the Great Southern Railways as their Class 4T or Class KN1; these two locomotives were delivered from the workshops of Kerr Stuart in 1902 and 1903.

Like the Hunslet built locomotives these were fitted out to be suitable for tramway working with "skirts" covering the driving wheels and motion, bell, headlight etc. The "skirts" a legal requirement for road-side tramways, were removed after only a short time to give crews easier access for lubrication of the motion etc; as photographic evidence does not show their return it must be presumed that the Board of Trade inspectors didn't get to this corner of Ireland often. They were delivered as Tralee & Dingle numbers 7 and 8, however No. 8 was re-numbered as No. 4 in 1908, following the scrapping in 1907 of the original, a Hunslet 0-4-2T, built in 1890 and withdrawn in 1902. Numbered No.8. Re-numbered No.4 in 1907 when the original No.4, an 0-4-2T was scrapped. T&D locomotives were painted dark green lined out with red between two cream lines and with red buffer beams. After the 1925 amalgamation the locomotives were painted in the standard GSR plain grey, the buffer beam remaining red; the Kerr Stuart #4 is available as a Gauge 1 etched-brass kit from Studio Scale Models This kit includes a brass chassis, nickel silver underframe with brass and white-metal parts.

Clements, Jeremy & McMahon, Michael. Locomotives of the GSR. Newtownards: Colourpoint Books. P. 226. ISBN 978-1-906578-26-8. Http://www.tdlr.org.uk