Daniel Oss is an Italian professional road bicycle racer, who rides for UCI WorldTeam Bora–Hansgrohe. Oss was born in Trento. In 2004, Oss' first results on the track and road were outstanding: he excelled in the National Student Track Championships in Pordenone, collecting three podiums in the pursuit. After a year in the dark, Oss returned to the limelight in 2006 succeeding to finish in five races including Ponton, Isolates Vicentina, Cremona Pessina and Bibano of Godega. In 2007, he won two smaller competitions while in 2008, besides three other competitions, he participated in the World Championships in Varese, coming home in eighth place in the Under 23 time-trial. In 2009, Oss turned professional. During the same year, he participated in the National Track Championships and came first in the Pursuit along with companions Jacopo Guarnieri, Elijah Viviani and Davide Cimolai. Towards the end of the season, he was able to finish in the top five of a number of professional races: two fourth places in the Tour of Missouri and fifth in the Gran Premio Industria e Commercio di Prato.
In 2010, Oss came fifth in the Gent-Wevelgem and fourth in one of the stages of Three Days of De Panne. He was involved in his first Grand Tour when he came 124th in the Tour de France, he won the combativity award on Stage 18, for his involvement in the breakaway, he played a key role as a lead out man for sprinter and teammate Elia Viviani in the inaugural USA Pro Cycling Challenge. It was the Green, Points Championship. On Stage 6 into Denver, Viviani rewarded Oss' hardwork by allowing him to win the sprint finish. Oss left Liquigas–Cannondale at the end of the 2012 season, joined the BMC Racing Team for the 2013 season. Oss spent five years with the team before moving to Bora–Hansgrohe for 2018. Official website Daniel Oss at ProCyclingStats Daniel Oss at Cycling Archives Daniel Oss on Twitter
Thomas "Tom" Danielson is an American former professional road racing cyclist who most rode for UCI ProTeam EF Education First Pro Cycling, until a positive test for synthetic testosterone in August 2015 and Cannondale's decision not to renew his contract. He competed professionally for Discovery Channel, Fassa Bortolo and Mercury. Danielson holds the record for the fastest ascent of Mt. Washington, New Hampshire, in the Mount Washington Auto Road Bicycle Hillclimb; the previous record holder was professional cyclist Tyler Hamilton. He holds the record for the Mt. Evans Hill Climb in Colorado, which traverses the highest paved road in North America; the previous record holder was Jonathan Vaughters, Danielson's manager on his last professional team. In 2004, Danielson had an uneventful stint on the Italian UCI ProTeam Fassa Bortolo, missing the early spring campaign because of visa problems. Subsequently, he raced for the American UCI ProTour team Discovery Channel, with which he won the 2005 Tour de Georgia and the 2006 Tour of Austria.
Since Discovery Channel disbanded in 2008, Danielson has been part of the Garmin-Chipotle team. Danielson started the season by finishing twelfth at both the Tour Méditerranéen and the Tour du Haut Var. Following his two twelfth-place finishes, however, struggled through Paris-Nice. Following, Paris-Nice, Danielson regained his form at the Tour of the Gila. A couple of weeks Danielson rode the Tour of California, but was unable to complete the race. After California, Danielson returned finishing twenty-fifth overall. Following Suisse, Danielson finished in eighth place at both the Tour de Pologne and the Trofeo Melinda. A month Danielson rode his fifth Vuelta a España, he completed the race in eighth place. Danielson concluded the season with a thirty-ninth place at the Giro dell'Emilia. Danielson started the season with the Vuelta a Mallorca, finished thirty-sixth in the third classic, the Trofeo Deia. Danielson, was unable to complete the fourth and fifth classics, the Trofeo Magaluf-Palmanova and the Trofeo Inca.
Following the Spanish "Vuelta", Danielson finished thirty-first overall at the Volta ao Algarve, a preseason best of twentieth overall at the Vuelta a Murcia. However, after Murcia, Danielson's form deteriorated, finishing fifty-fifth overall at the Volta a Catalunya, forty-seventh at the Gran Premio Miguel Indurain, eightieth overall at the Tour of the Basque Country. Following Basque Country, Danielson withdrew from racing, focused on rebuilding his form. A few weeks Danielson returned to racing, finished twentieth overall at the Tour de Romandie. After Romandie, Danielson finished third overall at the Tour of California, ninth overall at the Tour de Suisse, which led him to a Tour de France debut. At the Tour, Danielson rode well, finished as the highest placed American, in eighth place. After the Tour, Danielson finished fifth overall at the Tour of Utah, fourth overall at the first addition of the USA Pro Cycling Challenge. Following the two American stage races, Danielson concluded the season with an eighty-sixth place at the Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal.
After being unable to complete the Tour de Langkawi, Danielson returned to form during the Volta a Catalunya, where he finished twelfth overall, second in the Mountains classification. Following Catalunya, Danielson finished twentieth at the Tour of the Basque Country, offered a good showing at the Tour of California, where he took fifth place in the "queen stage" of the race, a finish at altitude at the winter ski station of Mount Baldy, he came in ninth place in stage five's individual time trial, therefore keeping a high placing in the overall classification. These performances helped him climb on the third step of the podium. After California, Danielson finished eleventh at the National Road Race Championships, seventh at the Tour de Suisse, was selected to start his second Tour de France. However, due to injuries sustained from crashes, Danielson abandoned the Tour during stage six; the following month, Danielson returned to competition at the Tour of Utah, where he finished eleventh overall, assisted with stage two's team time trial win.
After Utah, Danielson competed in the USA Pro Cycling Challenge, where he finished seventh overall, by soloing up and over Independence Pass, won stage three. Bicycling subsequently named the stage, "the most exciting day of road racing on American soil". Following his six-month ban, Danielson returned to racing at the Volta a Catalunya, where he finished tenth overall. After Catalunya, however, was unable to complete the Gran Premio Miguel Indurain, but returned to form during the Tour of the Basque Country, where he finished eleventh overall. After Basque Country, Danielson continued to ride strong, finished fourth overall at the Tour de Romandie. Danielson started the Giro d'Italia hoping to assist teammate Ryder Hesjedal in a repeat victory, Hesjadal withdrew following stage twelve. After Hesjedal's departure, Danielson was able to ride for himself, but fell ill during the latter weeks, finished only 49th overall. In June, Danielson was selected to start his third Tour de France as a domestique.
Following the Tour, Danielson competed in, won the Tour of Utah. Danielson concluded the season by finishing third overall at the USA Pro Cycling Challenge. In August, Danielson returned to racing at the Larry H. Miller Tour of Utah and won the overall title; this was the second consecutive year when he claimed overall title in the
Mount San Antonio
Mount San Antonio, colloquially referred to as Mount Baldy, is the highest peak of the San Gabriel Mountains, the highest point in Los Angeles County, California. The peak is within Angeles National Forest, it is the tallest mountain in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Mount San Antonio's sometimes snow-capped peaks are visible on clear days and dominate the view of the Los Angeles Basin skyline; the peak is pyramid shaped, with a shallower north face. The summit is accessible via a number of connecting ridges along hiking trails from the north, east and southwest; the mountain is always referred to as "Mount Baldy" by locals, to the point where many may not recognize the name "Mount San Antonio." The mountain was named by a local rancher after Saint Anthony of Padua. When American settlers arrived and surveyed the land, "Baldy," a reference to the bare fell-field of Baldy Bowl that dominates the south face visible from Los Angeles, became the predominant name, it has stuck. Nonetheless, "Mount San Antonio" is the official name according to the GNIS, is still used by a number of institutions.
The summit has two peaks: the main peak, elevation 10,064 feet, a sub-peak, West Baldy, at 9,988 feet. The main peak marks the boundary between Los Angeles County; the mountain is in the Angeles National Forest. The mountain's southern watershed drains into San Antonio Creek, the north side into Lytle Creek and the Fish Fork of the San Gabriel River. San Antonio and Lytle Creeks are part of the Santa Ana River watershed. San Antonio Creek descends through a deep canyon which has several waterfalls, the last about 75 feet high. East of the summit is Mount Harwood, in turn connected by a narrow ridge, "The Devil's Backbone," to a pass known as the Baldy Notch. At the Notch there is the closest one to Los Angeles. South of the resort, connected to its ski lift by an asphalt road, lies Mt Baldy Village. There are no roads or maintained trails connecting the mountain to the less populated region to its north, but a use trail leads over Dawson and Pine Mountains to Wright Mountain and the Pacific Crest Trail, overlooking the town of Wrightwood.
Mount San Antonio lies in the front range of the San Gabriel Mountains, one of the Transverse Ranges of Southern California, formed around the San Andreas Fault system. The Transverse Ranges were formed because of a dog-leg bend in the San Andreas, a transform fault; the bend makes it difficult for the two plates to move smoothly past one another, mountains were raised as a result. The prehistoric Hog Back landslide lies in the canyon of San Antonio Creek at 4000' elevation; when the slide occurred, it dammed the river, whose depth built up until the water was released catastrophically, forming a slot canyon which now holds some of the area's few good rock climbing routes. In modern times, notable floods have occurred in 1938 and 1969; the San Antonio Dam was completed in 1956, after a pause due to World War II, in an effort to prevent future floods as severe as the one in 1938, which damaged the low-elevation populated areas below. The dam succeeded in reducing the damage done by the 1969 flood.
Hydroelectric plants along San Antonio Creek are tied to the electric grid. The lower land area of the mountain consists of an ecological community known as yellow pine forest. Tree species include lodgepole pine, Jeffrey pine, white fir, some sugar pine. Limber pine occurs at the higher elevations; these forests are sparse, are intermixed with chaparral and oak savannah. Higher up, the yellow pine forest community gives way to a pure lodgepole forest. Mountain mahogany trees grow on the slopes above San Antonio Creek. Near 9000 ft these become krummholzed, beyond about 9500 ft lies an unforested subalpine zone; the dominant shrubs at the higher elevations are bush chinquapin. As the elevation increases, there is a higher ratio of chinquapin to manzanita. Other shrubs on the mountain include mountain whitethorn and mountain gooseberry. Wildflower species include Galium parishii, San Gabriel alumroot, gray monardella, pumice alpinegold, Parry's pussypaws, Nuttall's sandwort, caulanthus. There are Ross's sedge and rockcress.
Oreonana vestita, a type of mountainparsley, is adapted to talus. Desert bighorn sheep are found in the area above 7000', they lamb in the area, their population is less threatened than those of other subspecies in California. Unlike animals of this subspecies in the Mojave Desert, those in the San Gabriel Mountains cannot be hunted and need not compete with aggressive feral burros for food or water. Grizzly bears, featured on the state flag, were once common in the Transverse Ranges, but were driven to extinction in California in the late 19th century, with one of the last animals in the San Gabriels being shot in 1894 by Walter L. Richardson. Black bears did not exist in the San Gabriel Mountains, but in 1933 eleven black bears from Yosemite Valley that had shown problematic behavior were moved to Southern California and released near Crystal Lake. All black bears in the San Gabriels are believed to be descended from this group. Black bears are shy and are never known to harm humans. Rabbits and coyotes are found near San Antonio Creek at low elevations below 2000'.
The most common species of rabbits are the black-tailed jackrabbit and the desert cottontail, the jackrabbit being distinguished by its huge ears. Western gray s
Union Cycliste Internationale
The Union Cycliste Internationale is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events. The UCI is based in Switzerland; the UCI issues racing licenses to riders and enforces disciplinary rules, such as in matters of doping. The UCI manages the classification of races and the points ranking system in various cycling disciplines including road and track cycling, mountain biking and BMX, for both men and women and professional, it oversees the World Championships. UCI was founded in 1900 in Paris by the national cycling sports organisations of Belgium, the United States, France and Switzerland, it replaced the International Cycling Association by setting up in opposition in a row over whether Great Britain should be allowed just one team at world championships or separate teams representing England, Ireland and Wales. Britain found itself outflanked and it was not able to join the UCI – under the conditions the UCI had imposed – until 1903. There were 30 countries affiliated to the union.
They did not have equal voting power and some had no vote at all. Votes were distributed by the number of velodromes, that each nation claimed. France had 18 votes, the highest number, Germany and Italy 14 each. Britain had eight, a number the writer Bill Mills said was acquired "by including many rather doubtful grass tracks."In 1965, under the pressure of the IOC, the UCI created two subsidiary bodies, the International Amateur Cycling Federation and the International Professional Cycling Federation. The UCI assumed a role coordinating both bodies; the FIAC was based in Rome, the FICP in Luxembourg, the UCI in Geneva. The FIAC was the bigger of the two organisations, with 127 member federations across all five continents, it was dominated by the countries of the Eastern bloc. The FIAC arranged representation of cycling at the Olympic Games, FIAC cyclists competed against FICP members on only rare occasions. In 1992, the UCI reunified the FIAC and FICP, merged them back into the UCI; the combined organisation relocated to Aigle, close to the IOC in Lausanne.
In 2004, the UCI constructed a 200-metre velodrome at the new World Cycling Centre adjacent to its headquarters. In September 2007 the UCI announced that it had decided to award ProTour status for the first time to an event outside of Europe; the announcement followed negotiations between UCI President Pat McQuaid and South Australian Premier Mike Rann. In 2013 Tracey Gaudry became the first woman appointed as vice president of the UCI; the UCI organises cycling's administration of which it gives to member nations. The first championships were on the track, they were allocated to member nations in turn, on condition the country was deemed competent and that it could guarantee ticket sales. A nation given a championship or series of championships was required to pay the UCI 30 per cent of ticket receipts from the track and 10 per cent from the road. Of this, the UCI kept 30 per cent and gave the rest to competing nations in proportion to the number of events in which it competed; the highest gate money in this pre-war era was 600 000 francs in Paris in 1903.
There were five championships: amateur and professional sprint and professional road race, professional Motor-paced racing. The road race was traditionally a massed start but did not have to be: Britain organised its road championship before the war as a time trial, the National Cyclists Union believing it best to run races against the clock, without publicity before the start, to avoid police attention. Continental European organisers preferred massed races on circuits, fenced throughout or along the finish to charge for entry; the original records were on the track: human-paced and mechanically paced. They were promoted for three classes of bicycle: solos and unusual machines such as what are now known as recumbents, on which the rider lies horizontal. Distances were metric, from 440 yards and 500 metres to 24 hours; the UCI banned recumbents in competitions and in record attempts on 1 April 1934. Changes included restrictions on riding positions of the sort that affected Graeme Obree in the 1990s and the banning in 2000 of all frames that did not have a seat tube.
The winner of a UCI World Championship title is awarded a rainbow jersey, white with five coloured bands on the chest. This jersey can be worn in only the discipline and category of competition in which it was awarded, expires on the day before the following world championship event. Former champions are permitted to wear rainbow piping on the collar of their clothing. For decades, professional road cyclists refused to wear helmets; the first serious attempt by the UCI to introduce compulsory helmet use was the 1991 Paris–Nice race, which resulted in a riders' strike, UCI abandoned the idea. After the death of Andrei Kivilev in the 2003 Paris–Nice, new rules were introduced on 5 May 2003, with the 2003 Giro d'Italia being the first major race affected; the 2003 rules allowed for discarding the helmets during final climbs of at least 5 kilometres in length. The UCI was accused of accepting a bribe in the 1990s to introduce the keirin, a track cycling race, into the Olympics. An investigation by the BBC claims that the UCI was paid $3,000,000 by Japanese sources to
Trek–Segafredo (men's team)
Trek–Segafredo is a professional road bicycle racing team at UCI WorldTeam level licensed in the United States. RadioShack–Nissan, in 2014, Trek took over the ownership of the team and its ProTeam License; the team was founded in 2011 under the name of Leopard Trek and stylized as LEOPARD TREK with Brian Nygaard and Kim Andersen as team managers. The Schleck brothers were under contract with the Danish team Saxo Bank managed by Bjarne Riis through the end of the 2010 season. Several other Team Saxo Bank riders followed the Schleck brothers to the new team, including veterans Jens Voigt, Fabian Cancellara and Stuart O'Grady. Subsequent signings included Davide Vigano and Joost Posthuma; the team became active at the start of the 2011 cycling season. On 13 December 2010, Jakob Fuglsang revealed that the team would be called Team Leopard, in reference to the management company run by Nygaard. Trek, the bike supplier, confirmed shortly before the team was presented that they would be a co-title sponsor, giving the team a full name of "Leopard Trek."Team rider Wouter Weylandt died as a result of a high-speed, downhill crash during the 2011 Giro d'Italia.
The remaining riders of Leopard Trek left the competition at the completion of the following day's stage. For the 2012 season, the team was renamed RadioShack–Nissan–Trek; the reason is that the American Team RadioShack ceased racing, their former sponsors joined the Luxembourg Cycling Project. Johan Bruyneel along with several riders from Team RadioShack moved to the new team; the lineup for 2012 was confirmed on 5 December 2011. The official UCI name for the team is RadioShack Nissan and it is registered in Luxembourg. While the UCI ProTeam is now named RadioShack–Nissan–Trek, in December 2011 Leopard launched a UCI Continental Team, consisting of U23 riders, called Leopard-Trek. On 17 July 2012, Fränk Schleck was removed from the 2012 Tour de France by the team during the second rest day after his A-sample returned traces of Xipamide. Team RadioShack–Nissan won the team classification of the Tour de France. Johan Bruyneel stood down as General Manager on 12 October in the aftermath of the publication by the US Anti-Doping Agency of its "reasoned decision" on the Lance Armstrong doping case.
On 21 December 2012, Nissan announced that they would cease to sponsor the team, with immediate effect. During the 2013 Tour de France Team RadioShack-Leopard announced that they would not renew Fränk Schleck's contract, leaving him without a team, it caused a serious and public rift between his brother Andy Schleck and team management, putting his future with the team into doubt. In September 2013, Chris Horner beat Vincenzo Nibali to win the 2013 Vuelta a España becoming the oldest grand tour winner in history, winning two stages along the way. On 3 July, the team announced. On 16 December 2015, the team announced that Italian coffee brand Segafredo had committed to a three-year co-title sponsorship effective January 1, 2016, with the team changing name to Trek–Segafredo. In April the team announced US software company CA Technologies would sponsor the team with immediate effect until the end of the 2017 season. In March 2017 the deal was extended through 2019. For the 2017 season, the team announced the signings of Alberto Contador, John Degenkolb, Koen de Kort, Jarlinson Pantano, Ivan Basso.
On June 27, 2017 the UCI announced André Cardoso tested positive for erythropoietin in an out-of-competition control on June 18 and has been provisionally suspended. He had been due to support Alberto Contador in his bid for the 2017 Tour de France, with Haimar Zubeldia taking the empty roster place; as of January 5, 2019. Official website
David Boily is a Canadian professional cyclist riding with Amore & Vita. In the 2012 Tour of California, Boily held the red jersey awarded for the best climber for the first two stages before fellow Canadian Sebastian Salas took it from him on Stage 3. Boily stated that he was ready to fight to regain the jersey, he did battle by raking in more points for the mountain classification, but Salas kept the lead with a total of 65 points, Boily finishing in second position with 48. ProCyclingStats profile for David Boily
Mitchelton–Scott (men's team)
Mitchelton–Scott is an Australian professional road race cycling team. Launched in January 2011, it competes at UCI WorldTeam level; the team is under the management of Andrew Ryan and Shayne Bannan with Neil Stephens and Matt White as Sporting Directors. The team ride Scott bikes, wear Giordana Cycling clothing, wear Bollé eyewear; the team has financial backing from Australian businessman Gerry Ryan. The team supports its riders competing in track cycling. In 2017 they established a development team, Mitchelton–BikeExchange. In June 2016, ahead of the 2016 Tour de France the team announced BikeExchange, an Australian cycling retailer, was stepping up as a title sponsor of the team. Team owner, Gerry Ryan, had sought to secure further sponsorship after Orica announced they would stop sponsoring the team after the 2017 season. For the 2018 season the team will be known as Mitchelton–Scott; the team was launched on 17 January 2011 in Adelaide. It has signed a full complement of 30 riders. On 6 December 2011, the team was admitted by the UCI to the 2013 World Tour seasons.
Orica, a multinational company that provides chemicals and explosives for the mining industry, was GreenEDGE's title sponsor. The team has attracted SCOTT Sports as a bicycle supplier and Santini Maglificio Sportivo as suppliers of apparel. In January 2012, GreenEDGE made its debut in the Bay Classic Series in Australia. Allan Davis won the men's classification racing for GreenEDGE's second team in the race, Mitchelton Wines/Lowe Farms, while Melissa Hoskins won the women's event; the following week Simon Gerrans won the Australian National Road Race Championships in Buninyong, Victoria. He was one of 16 GreenEDGE riders in the race. Luke Durbridge won the time trial title ahead of GreenEDGE team-mate Cameron Meyer. At the end of January, Gerrans won the Tour Down Under, picking up victory for GreenEDGE in its first World Tour event; the team won their first major European race in the team time trial of Tirreno–Adriatico following a near miss from Gerrans during Paris–Nice. GreenEDGE won their first monument when, Simon Gerrans won Milan–San Remo in a 3 up sprint after following the key move over the top of the final climb.
Going into the 2013 season, Orica–GreenEDGE started at the Bay Classic Series in Victoria, Australia. Luke Durbridge won Mitchell Docker won the third and final stage. Defending Champion in the Women’s Event Melissa Hoskins defended her title and picked up her first win in stage 3 of the Women’s event. With the defending champions in the Men’s and Women’s Time Trial and Road Race in the Australian National Road Race Championships Orica–GreenEDGE had high expectations to meet. Luke Durbridge won the Time Trial on day one. Cameron Meyer followed that up with a solo break in the criterium. With the defending champion Simon Gerrans the favourite in the road race they were set for a clean sweep. Luke Durbridge was part of an early break in the first few kilometers; as the race progressed the other riders of the break dropped off. Luke Durbridge rode a half solo to win by over 1 minute. New signing for 2013 Michael Matthews sprinted home to make it a one-two and a clean sweep of the Nationals. Orica–GreenEDGE had a successful start to the 2013 Tour de France.
After avoiding much of the carnage of the first two stages, Simon Gerrans won the 3rd stage. The next day, in the team time trial, Orica–GreenEDGE took out the stage by beating Omega Pharma-Quick Step by 0.75 of a second. In the process, Gerrans took possession of the yellow jersey as the new race leader and held it for 2 days gave it up to teammate Daryl Impey for an additional two days; the team started the 2014 with success, tasting overall victory at the inaugural round of the 2014 UCI World Tour, the Tour Down Under - courtesy of Simon Gerrans. New recruit Adam Yates secured his first classification win with the young riders classification at the Tour de San Luis. Simon Clarke took the second overall victory. In the remainder of the spring season, the team would go on to take a smattering of victories at; the teams most notable wins of the spring came again, courtesy of Gerrans - when he took victory at Liège–Bastogne–Liège, whilst Adam Yates continued his good early season form, winning the overall classification of the Tour of Turkey.
Entering the first Grand Tour of the year, the Giro d'Italia, the team targeted the stage win in the Team Time Trial and stage victories with Michael Matthews. Pieter Weening took a surprise victory into Sestola on stage 9; the team again took a smattering of stage wins as the season progressed through the summer, notching victories at. As the season entered the second half, Matthews would take a stage at the Vuelta a España, whilst Daryl Impey would claim the overall win in the Tour of Alberta. Gerrans would go on to take victory in the two Canadian one-day World Tour races: Grand Prix Cycliste de Québec and Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal; the teams final victory would come at Tre Valli Varesine. On 28 April 2016, Simon Yates returned an adverse analytical finding for Terbutaline. Yates had been prescribed the drug to treat asthma, but a therapeutic use exemption request had not been filed; the team attributed this to an administrative error. The team took full responsibility for this error, emphasising that Yates had no fault in the occurrence.
The team is known for their online videos created by Dan Jones. Their channel has been successful due to th