2008 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 2008 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 4, 2008, was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 11 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Tennessee was won by Republican nominee John McCain by 15.06 percentage points. Prior to the election, 17 news organizations considered Tennessee a win for McCain. Early polling in Tennessee gave a solid edge to McCain over Democrat Barack Obama by up to a 20-point margin; the expected "landslide" by McCain in Tennessee meant. Most news organizations called Tennessee for McCain as soon as all the polls in the state closed. McCain improved upon George W. Bush's performance in 2004, a much better year nationally for the Republicans; this was the first time since 1960 when Tennessee did not back the overall winning candidate in a presidential election and the most recent presidential election as of 2016 in which the Democratic candidate received more than 40% of the vote.
Moreover, this was the most recent presidential election as of 2016 where both Jackson and Houston Counties voted for the Democrat. 2008 Tennessee Democratic primary 2008 Tennessee Republican primary There were 16 news organizations who made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day: D. C. Political Report: Republican Cook Political Report: Solid Republican Takeaway: Solid McCain Electoral-vote.com: Strong Republican Washington Post: Solid McCain Politico: Solid McCain Real Clear Politics: Solid McCain FiveThirtyEight.com: Solid McCain CQ Politics: Safe Republican New York Times: Solid Republican CNN: Safe Republican NPR: Solid McCain MSNBC: Solid McCain Fox News: Republican Associated Press: Republican Rasmussen Reports: Safe Republican McCain won every single pre-election poll, each by a double-digit margin of victory. The final 3 polls averaged McCain leading 55% to 40%. John McCain raised a total of $2,941,065 in the state. Barack Obama raised $3,481,341.
Obama spent $518,659. The Republican ticket spent just $3,526. Obama visited the state once. McCain visited the state twice, visiting Blountville. Despite narrowly voting for Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996 when native son Al Gore was on the ticket as Vice President, the state has been trending Republican since then. George W. Bush narrowly carried the state in 2000 over Tennessee native Gore and won in 2004 over John Kerry; the state was one of five states that swung more Republican in 2008 with John McCain soundly defeating Barack Obama in the Volunteer State. 2008 marked the first time since 1960 whereby the state was carried by the losing presidential candidate. McCain won both East Middle Tennessee by landslide margins. East Tennessee, a part of Appalachia, has voted Republican since the party was founded. Middle Tennessee voted for Bill Clinton of neighboring Arkansas, but Middle Tennessee native Al Gore narrowly lost the region in 2000—a loss that cost him Tennessee, the election. In contrast, it was one of the few regions in the country which voted more Republican than in 2004.
This is due to a growing social conservative trend in the region in the Nashville suburbs. On the other hand, Barack Obama did improve well upon John Kerry's performances in the traditionally Democratic cities of Nashville and Memphis. In the former, support amongst progressive whites led to a 3-2 victory for Obama in Davidson County. In Memphis, heavy African American turnout ensured him the largest margin in the state in Shelby County, although far from enough to outweigh his losses everywhere else in the state. McCain, carried the third- and fourth- most populated cities of Chattanooga in Hamilton County as well as Knoxville in Knox County. During the same election, at the state level, Republicans picked up four seats in the Tennessee House of Representatives and three seats in the Tennessee Senate to obtain control of both chambers of the state legislature for the first time since Reconstruction; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Houston County and Jackson County voted for the Democratic candidate or where the Democratic candidate won over a million votes.
John McCain swept the state and carried seven of the state's nine congressional districts, including three districts held by Democrats. Barack Obama carried the state's two congressional districts anchored by the two largest cities of Memphis and Nashville. Technically the voters of Tennessee cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Tennessee is allocated 11 electors because it has 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 11 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 11 electoral votes, their chosen electors vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector; the electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008, to cast their votes for president and vice president.
The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in
2008 Tennessee Democratic primary
The 2008 Tennessee Democratic primary took place on February 5, 2008 known as Super Tuesday. Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2008 Tennessee Republican primary, 2008
2008 Tennessee Republican primary
The 2008 Tennessee Republican primary took place on February 5, 2008, with 52 national delegates. Mike Huckabee narrowly defeated John McCain to win the largest share of Tennessee's delegates to the 2008 Republican National Convention. Both McCain and the third-place candidate Mitt Romney received delegates along with Huckabee. At of 10:15 PM ET on February 5, the Associated Press reported that with 44% of precincts reporting Huckabee and McCain were tied with about one-third of the vote each. Earlier, with 31% of precincts in, McCain had 34% support, Huckabee 31%, Romney 23% and Paul 6% support; the City Paper reported that voter turnout could beat the state's record of 830,000 in 1988 when Al Gore was on the presidential ballot for the first time. AP exit polls showed that Huckabee did well with born-again conservatives. * Candidate dropped out of the race before the primary Republican Party presidential primaries, 2008 Tennessee Democratic primary, 2008
Robert Phillips Corker Jr. is an American businessman and politician who served as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 2007 to 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he served as Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 2015 to 2019. In 1978, Corker founded a construction company, which he sold in 1990; this increased his net worth to $45 million. He ran in the 1994 U. S. Senate election in Tennessee, but was defeated in the Republican primary by future Senate majority leader Bill Frist. Appointed by Governor Don Sundquist, Corker served as Commissioner of Finance and Administration for the State of Tennessee from 1995 to 1996, preceded by David Manning and succeeded by John Ferguson, he acquired two of the largest real estate companies in Chattanooga, before being elected the 71st Mayor of Chattanooga in 2000. Corker announced his candidacy for the 2006 U. S. Senate election in Tennessee after Frist announced his retirement. Corker defeated Democratic U. S. Representative Harold Ford, Jr. in the general election, with 51% of the vote.
In 2012 Corker was reelected, defeating Democrat Mark E. Clayton, 65% to 30%. On September 26, 2017, Corker announced that he would not seek reelection in 2018. S. Representative Marsha Blackburn was elected to succeed him. Corker was born in the son of Jean J. and Robert Phillips "Phil" Corker. His great-great-grandfather was U. S. Congressman Stephen A. Corker, his family moved to Tennessee. Corker graduated from Chattanooga High School in 1970 and earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Management from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville in 1974. Corker is a member of Sigma Chi fraternity. Corker's roommate in the Sigma Chi fraternity was Cleveland Browns owner Jimmy Haslam, whose brother is the former Tennessee governor Bill Haslam. During his twenties, Corker participated in a mission trip to Haiti, which he credits with inspiring him to become more active in his home community. Following his return, Corker helped found the Chattanooga Neighborhood Enterprise, a nonprofit organization that has provided low-interest home loans and home maintenance education to thousands of Tennesseans since its creation in 1986.
Corker and his wife Elizabeth, whom he married on January 10, 1987, have two daughters. The family's permanent residence is at the Anne Haven Mansion, built by Coca-Cola Bottling Company heirs Anne Lupton and Frank Harrison. In an interview with Esquire, Corker said that he started working when he was 13, collecting trash and bagging ice, he worked at Western Auto and as a construction laborer. After graduating from college, he worked for four years as a construction superintendent. During this time he saved up $8,000, which he used to start a construction company, Bencor, in 1978; the company's first large contract was with Krystal restaurants. The construction company became successful, growing at 80 percent per year, according to Corker, by the mid-1980s carried out projects in 18 states, he sold the company in 1990. In 1999, Corker acquired two of the largest real estate companies in Chattanooga: real estate developer Osborne Building Corporation and property management firm Stone Fort Land Company.
In 2006, he sold the properties and assets that had formed these companies to Chattanooga businessman Henry Luken. In recognition of his business success, in 2005 the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga named him to their "Entrepreneurial Hall of Fame." Corker has said that he believes his business background has been valuable in his political career and that experience "gives unique insights and allows to weigh in, in valuable ways". As of 2008, Corker's assets were estimated at more than $19 million. Corker first ran for the United States Senate in 1994, finishing second in the Republican primary to eventual winner Bill Frist. During the primary campaign, Frist's campaign manager attacked Corker, calling him "pond scum". Despite the rhetoric, Corker arrived in Nashville the morning after the primary to offer the Frist campaign his assistance, he went on to campaign for Frist in the general election. From 1995 to 1996, Corker was the Commissioner of Finance and Administration for the State of Tennessee, an appointed position, working for Governor Don Sundquist.
Corker served as mayor of Chattanooga from 2001–05. While in office he implemented a merit-based bonus system for teachers; the system, established in 2002, awards teachers and principals bonuses for improving student performance at Chattanooga's lowest performing schools. Two years after its implementation, a study published in The Tennessean showed that the percentage of third graders reading at or above grade level had increased from 53% to 74%. However, a report by the think tank Education Sector suggested that specific teacher training had at least as much to do with the student improvement. In 2003 Corker started a program called ChattanoogaRESULTS, facilitating monthly meetings with public service department administrators to evaluate their performance and set goals for improvement; the program has been continued by Ron Littlefield. Corker has credited the increased collaboration between departments for decreasing crime in Chattanooga. City data showed a nearly 26% decrease in crime and a 50% reduction in violent crimes between 2001 and 2004.
Corker was heavily involved in the redevelopment of the Enterprise South Industrial Park in Chattanooga, the site of the former Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant. As a U. S. Senator, he worked with state and local officials to recruit Volkswagen to open a production facility at the site. During his tenure as mayor, Corker oversaw a $120 million riverfront renovation project, including an
2012 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 2012 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated. Tennessee voters chose 11 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan. Mitt Romney received Tennessee's 11 electoral votes after he garnered 59.48% of the popular vote in Tennessee, to Barack Obama's 39.08%. Much like in previous elections, larger metropolitan areas such as Memphis and Nashville were won by the Democratic Party, but rural areas overwhelmingly favored the Republican Party. Barack Obama proved unpopular among the state's conservative electorate. Tennessee has not voted for a Democratic candidate since 1996; this is the most recent election in which Hardeman County was won by the Democratic candidate as of 2016.
Mitt Romney swept the state and carried seven of the state's nine congressional districts, all represented by Republicans. Barack Obama carried the state's two congressional districts anchored by the two largest cities of Memphis and Nashville. In previous elections, Tennessee was won by the Republican party, with Republicans winning in Tennessee for the past three election cycles, since the 2000 election; the 2012 democratic primary in Tennessee took place on Super Tuesday, March 6, 2012, with Barack Obama receiving 80,355 votes. Other candidates received a combined total of 10,411 votes. Tennessee had a total of 91 delegates to the 2012 Democratic National Convention, of which 82 were pledged to presidential contenders depending on the popular vote; the remaining 9 super-delegates were unbound. The Republican primary took place on Super Tuesday, March 6, 2012. Tennessee has 58 delegates to the 2012 Republican National Convention. Three super delegates are unbound. 27 delegates are awarded by 3 delegates for each district.
If a candidate wins two-third of the vote in a district, he takes all 3 delegates there. Another 28 delegates are awarded to the candidate who wins two-thirds of the vote statewide, or allocated proportionately among candidates winning at least 20% of the vote if no one gets two-thirds. 2012 United States presidential election 2012 Republican Party presidential debates and forums 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries Results of the 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries Tennessee Republican Party 2012 Democratic Party presidential primaries Tennessee Democratic Party The Green Papers for Tennessee The Green Papers for Tennessee The Green Papers: Major state elections in chronological order
2000 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 2000 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 7, 2000, was part of the 2000 United States presidential election. Voters chose 11 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Tennessee was won by Governor George W. Bush by a 3.87% margin of victory, despite having voted for Clinton in 1992 & 1996 and being the home state of Vice President Al Gore. If Vice President Gore had carried his home state, he, instead of Bush, would have been elected President; this was the first time a major-party candidate lost his home state since George McGovern lost South Dakota in 1972. This was the first election where a presidential candidate won the state with more than a million votes; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Campbell County, Lewis County, Robertson County, Gibson County, Dickson County, Bedford County, Franklin County, Warren County, Henry County, Marshall County, Giles County, Marion County, White County, Hickman County, DeKalb County, Crockett County, Cannon County, Decatur County voted for the Democratic candidate.
The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 18, 2000 to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols; the following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All were pledged to and voted for George Bush and Dick Cheney: Lamar Alexander Daniel Dirksen Baker Lana Bowman Ball Nancy Cunningham Winfield Dunn Jimmy Exum Jim Henry Raja Jubran Anie Kent Patti Saliba Mamon Wright
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa