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2013–14 figure skating season

The 2013–14 figure skating season began on July 1, 2013, ended on June 30, 2014. During this season, elite skaters competed at the Olympic level in the 2014 Winter Olympics and at the ISU Championship level in the 2014 European, Four Continents, World Junior, World Championships, they competed in elite events such as the Grand Prix series and Junior Grand Prix series, culminating in the Grand Prix Final. Skaters competing at the junior level were required to be at least 13 years old, but not yet 19, before July 1, 2013; those who turned 14 before the given date were eligible for the senior Grand Prix series and senior B internationals. In order to compete in the Grand Prix series, skaters are required to reach a minimum total score at an accepted ISU event. To be eligible to compete at the European, Four Continents, Junior World, or World Championships, skaters are required to achieve the following scores in a prior ISU-recognized event; some skaters announced the dissolution of a formation of a new one.

Listed are changes involving at least one partner who competed at Worlds, Four Continents, Junior Worlds or the senior Grand Prix, or who medaled on the Junior Grand Prix circuit. The ISU does not permit teams to compete for two countries—if skaters of different nationalities team up, they must choose one country to represent. Key As of 28 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 As of 27 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 As of 28 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 As of 27 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 International Skating Union

John Toohey (American football)

John Peter Toohey was an American football player. A native of Kingston, New York, Toohey was "known as one of the best athletes Newburgh H. S. turned out." He was a star athlete in both basketball and football. He played at the tackle position for the Rutgers football team from 1910 to 1914. In September 1912, The New York Times called Toohey "Rutgers' greatest tackle," and noted that Toohey's brother planned to play at tackle for Rutgers. Toohey worked during the summer of 1913 building the Croton Aqueduct, there was uncertainty as to whether he would return for another season of football; when he announced his intent to return to the gridiron, the New Brunswick Times reported: "Toohey Is Back Ready To Jump In The Game." In November 1913, Toohey was elected by his teammates as captain of Rutgers' 1914 football team. In December 1913, the Board of Managers at Rutgers ruled that Toohey was ineligible to play in 1914, having played four seasons with the football team; the decision of the Board of Managers sparked a controversy, as alumni sought to restore his eligibility, others criticized any leniency in enforcing the four-year eligibility rule.

Toohey's eligibility was restored, he was the captain of the 1914 Rutgers team. Following a 33-0 win over NYU in November 1914, The New York Times praised Toohey for his blocking: "Toohey weights 210 pounds and made a whole in the line ten yards wide." He was selected as a first-team All-American in 1914 by James P. Sinnot of the New York Evening Mail, the New York Globe, sports writer Daniel of the New York Press the Newark Sunday Call, Newark Evening Star. In announcing the selection of Toohey, Daniel wrote:"Among the tackles we place Toohey of Rutgers on an plane with Ballin of Princeton. Despite his 210 pounds Toohey is a stone wall on defense, he played Ballin in the Princeton game, had distinctly the better of the Tiger captain." In 1915, Toohey's eligibility to play for the Rutgers football team was revoked under "the four-year residence rule," but he assisted in training the team's linemen during the 1915 football season. Toohey was inducted into the Rutgers Athletic Hall of Fame in 1995.

1914 College Football All-America Team


Strawbridge's Strawbridge & Clothier, was a department store in the northeastern United States, with stores in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware. In its day a gracious urban emporium, the Center City Philadelphia flagship store added branch stores starting in the 1930s, together they enjoyed annual sales of over a billion dollars by their zenith in the 1980s. By the 1990s Strawbridge's found itself part of May Department Stores until that company's August 30, 2005, acquisition by Macy's Inc. May had operated it under Virginia-based Hecht's division. Macy's announced March 10, 2006, that the store would be closed on June 1, but it shut its doors on May 23, 2006. On February 1, 2006, the former May Company divisions were dissolved and operating control of the Strawbridge's stores was assumed by Macy's East. On September 9, 2006, the Strawbridge's and Hecht's nameplates were phased-out in favor of Macy's. Strawbridge & Clothier began as a dry goods store founded by Quakers Justus Clayton Strawbridge and Isaac Hallowell Clothier in Philadelphia in 1868.

Strawbridge & Clothier purchased the 3-story brick building on the northwest corner of Market and 8th Streets in Center City Philadelphia, Thomas Jefferson's office from 1790 to 1793 while he served as Secretary of State, opened their first store. They soon replaced the old building with one of 5 stories, expanded into neighboring buildings as well. In 1928, the company decided to replace all but one of its buildings with a new edifice, began construction in phases on the 13-story building which stands on the corner of Market and North 8th Street today. Designed in the Beaux Arts-style by the Philadelphia architectural firm Simon & Simon, the cost of the limestone building was expected to be $6.5 million, an amount which caused some concern to the store's owners. By the time of the ribbon-cutting in 1931 in the depth of the Great Depression, the staggering $10 million cost of such grand construction nearly suffocated the cash-strapped company; the building subsequently became the eastern anchor in 1977 of The Gallery, an urban mall connecting Strawbridge & Clothier with Gimbels, which had relocated from across Market Street to join the mall.

It was the vision of S&C Chairman Stockton Strawbridge, instrumental in revitalizing the Market East retail district in the 1970s, a vision, still apparent today despite the demise of both Gimbels and Strawbridge's. He once said that his goal was to transform fading east Market Street into "the Champs-Élysées of Philadelphia." After fighting off a hostile takeover attempt by Ronald S. Baron in 1986, Strawbridge & Clothier survived as an independent, locally owned department store into the 1990s. In 1995, in an attempt to become the dominant retailer in the Philadelphia region, S&C partnered with Federated Department Stores and the Rubin Brothers real estate development company to acquire their rival Wanamaker's, but were outbid in bankruptcy court by May Department Stores Company. Subsequently, the thirteen Strawbridge & Clothier department stores were themselves bought by May Department Stores Company in 1996, when the Strawbridge & Clothier directors elected to liquidate operations over the vehement objections of patriarch Stockton Strawbridge.

Strawbridge died not long after the sale. "He was the store, the store was him," said his attorney Peter Hearn to the Philadelphia Daily News. Store employees and the public-at-large felt a sense of loss as well: many employees rushed to pay off their credit card accounts in full before the sale was finalized, "hoping that the proceeds would go to the founding families rather than."At the time of the acquisition by May, it retained the Strawbridge's name, the Philadelphia area Hecht's stores – the former John Wanamaker locations – adopted the name. However, the Strawbridge & Clothier head office was closed and its operations were consolidated with Hecht's in Arlington, Virginia. After the sale the stores operated as "Strawbridge's", although exterior signage reading "Strawbridge & Clothier" remained in place at many locations until the stores became Macy's in 2006. For thirteen years, from 1922 to 1935, the store operated an AM radio station. In 1935, the station merged with WLIT, owned by the Lit Brothers store across the street, to form WFIL, an NBC Blue network affiliate.

WFIL remains on the air today on its original frequency, AM 560. In May 1930, Strawbridge & Clothier helped remake the American retail scene by opening one of the first suburban branch department stores in the nation, located in the Suburban Square shopping center in Ardmore, Pennsylvania. In 1931, it followed with its second suburban "satellite" store at Jenkintown, the building for, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. Strawbridge's opened up a number branch stores throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware; these branch stores were opened in shopping malls. Prominent stores throughout the Philadelphia area included the stores in Jenkintown, Plymouth Meeting, Bensalem Township, Exton and Wilmington, Delaware. By the 1970s, Strawbridge's had nearly a dozen branch stores in malls across eastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey, northern Delaware; the branches proved to have been a wise step, as the flagship store posted only a few years of actual profitability, all of them during the 1940s.

In 1969, Strawbridge set his sights on competing with the emerging Target-grade retailers, launching the Clover discount store chain. Located in strip centers rather than malls

Sean Fraser (Jamaican footballer)

Sean Fraser is a Jamaican soccer player, playing for Harbour View. Fraser attended Camperdown High School, Vas Preparatory School, attended Clarendon College in his native Jamaica, where he was a star player on the school's football team. Fraser began his professional career on the Jamaican National Premier League, playing for Harbour View and Portmore United, he transferred to Miami FC in the USL First Division in 2006 went on loan to Brazilian club Boavista in Campeonato Carioca. After two seasons in Florida, Fraser transferred to the Puerto Rico Islanders in January 2009. After one year with the Islanders Fraser signed with North East Stars in Trinidad. In 2011, Fraser joined Once Municipal in El Salvador but moved on to fellow Salvadorans Alianza before the start of the 2012 Clausura championship. In January 2013, Fraser moved to Pumas Morelos in the AscensoMXIn July 2013, Fraser returned to Alianza in El Salvador Fraser played for Jamaica in the 1999 FIFA U-17 World Championship in New Zealand, appeared for the Jamaican U-20 team in the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship in Argentina, made his debut for the senior Jamaican national team in 2000 against the Cayman Islands.

He was part of the Jamaican team that participated in the qualifying round of the Digicel Caribbean Cup in 2001. First Jamaican Caribbean player to win a golden boot award in Central America. Puerto Rico IslandersCFU Club Championship: Runner-up 2009 Puerto Rico Islanders bio Sean Fraser at Sean Fraser at Soccerway

Finnish neopaganism

Finnish Neopaganism, or the Finnish native faith is the contemporary revival of Finnish paganism, the pre-Christian polytheistic ethnic religion of the Finns. A precursor movement was the Ukonusko of the early 20th century; the main problem in the revival of Finnish paganism is the nature of pre-Christian Finnish culture, which relied on oral tradition which may be subject to change over time. The primary sources concerning Finnish native culture are written by latter-era Christians. There are two main organisations of the religion, the "Association of Finnish Native Religion" based in Helsinki and registered since 2002, the "Pole Star Association" headquartered in Turku with branches in many cities and registered in 2007; the Association of Finnish Native Religion caters to Karelians and is a member of the Uralic Communion. Pagan beliefs and myths survived for a long time side by side with official Lutheranism in Eastern Finland and in Karelia, at least until the first part of the 20th century.

The first efforts of recovery of ancient mythology were carried out to enrich national Finnish culture. Nature worship, respect for traditions, equality are typical features of the Neopagan movement; the Finnish native religion can be defined as "ethno-pagan", as it is related to national consciousness and identity. Finnish native religion followers do not consider themselves "Neopagans" or identify with new religions such as Wicca, they emphasise love for the motherland as a key content of a balanced relationship of humans with nature and new generations, as well as individual and community. The Finnish native faith believers hold sacred many unspoiled natural places, woods and rocks, they consider the numinous presence of the gods, the ancestors and the spirits, as pervading the natural sites and environments. In 2013 the Taivaannaula launched a national project on Finnish holy places and sites in order to increase awareness and protection. In 2014 Karhun kansa was registered as an organised religious community, becoming the first neopagan association given such status in Finland.

The status brings the authority for example to marry and give names. The Finnish native religion is polytheistic, with a pantheon of many deities worshipped: Ukko the sky god, chief deity in the Finnish pantheon, Akka the goddess of fertility, wife of Ukko, Tapio, Nyyrikki, Ilmarinen, Turisas, Lemminkäinen, Väinämöinen, Jumi; the religion includes an element of ancestor worship. For Finnish native religion adherents, the afterlife is a place called Tuonela, it is a place where several different deities live, including Tuoni. Various traditional festivals are followed, including Hela, a festival celebrating the coming of spring and the new growing season, Juhannus or Ukon juhla, the midsummer festival, Kekri, a celebration of harvest and the ancestors, Joulu, the midwinter festival; some Finnish Neopagans visit sacred forests, where wooden god-images or sacred stones can sometimes be found. Some celebrate the circling of the year at certain dates, for example by burning bonfires, sacrificing, or making other kinds of rituals.

One ritual, an authentic practice of the ancestors, is to drink a toast for the thunder god Ukko at the midsummer festival. Estonian mythology Kalevala Estonian Neopaganism Mari Neopaganism Mordvin Neopaganism Udmurt Vos Vattisen Yaly Dievturi Romuva Druwi Rodnovery Ala-Huissi, Jaana: Maauskoisilla on jääkauden kalenteri. Helsingin Sanomat, 20.3.2010. Sanoma News. Arola, Iiro: "Ni sit mä tajusin, et on muitakin kuin minä” – Suomenuskoisten sosiaalinen identiteetti. Pro gradu -opinnäytetyö. Helsingin yliopisto/ Teologinen tiedekunta, 2010. Teoksen verkkoversio. Arola, Iiro: Suomenuskoiset erottautuvat muista uuspakanoista. 21.1.2011. Pentikäinen, Juha: Suomalaisen lähtö: Kirjoituksia pohjoisesta kuolemankulttuurista. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran toimituksia 530. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura, 1990. ISBN 951-717-625-2. Pöyliö, Venla: Juurilla 8/2012. Turun ylioppilaslehti. Viitattu 11.5.2012. Taivaannaula Lehto, Finnish organization for earth-based religions

Nityanand Kanungo

Nityanand Kanungo was one of India's prominent politicians from the state of Odisha, who held successive high profile portfolios in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. Nityanand Kanungo was born in Cuttack on 4 May 1900 and was educated at Ravenshaw College and University College, he was a member of the Indian National Congress and served as a member of the Orissa Legislative Assembly from 1937 to 1939 and again from 1946 to 1952. When Orissa was granted provincial autonomy as per the Government of India Act 1935, Kanungo served as the Minister for Revenue and Public Works Departments in the cabinet of Biswanath Das from 1937 to 1939, he was again appointed a Minister in 1946 and served till 1952, looking after the Home, Law and Agriculture portfolios. In 1952, Kanungo was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Kendrapara constituency. In September, 1954 he was appointed Union Deputy Minister of Industry. From August 1955 in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. In 1957, he was appointed Union Minister of Commerce.

Kanungo was a member of the Indian Delegation to the International Labour Conference in San Francisco and was the Leader of the Delegation to the Conference of the International Rice Commission held in Jakarta in 1952. In the 1962 Indian general election, Kanungo was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Cuttack constituency, he was Union Minister for Commerce and Industries, in the Nehru cabinet, after the bifurcation of that portfolio, Union Minister, in turn, for Commerce and for Industry. He finished up as Union Minister for Civil Aviation. Kanungo served as the Governor of Gujarat from 1 August 1965 to 6 December 1967, he was the Governor of Bihar from 7 December 1967 to 20 January 1971. List of Governors of Bihar Official Biographical Sketch in Lok Sabha Website