East Peak Fire
The East Peak Fire is a forest fire that began east of the East Spanish Peak near La Veta, Colorado at 5,10 PM on Wednesday, June 19,2013. The fire was named the Scout Ranch Fire because the fire was first reported by the Spanish Peaks Scout Ranch. The fire was first noticed by a Boy Scout on Wednesday, June 19 at Spanish Peaks Scout Ranch who saw smoke in the distance, and a staffer who went closer to investigate and could see visible flames. All the Boy Scouts plus staff camping at Spanish Peaks Scout Ranch quickly evacuated the camp because the staff, many went to the open shelter at John Mall High School in Walsenburg and some left to go home. By the following day the fire had grown to over 1,000 acres with zero percent contained, strong winds were causing the fire to make runs to the east and southeast. The entire town of Walsenburg is under pre-evacuation status, on Friday, June 21, officials reported the fire to be 9,000 acres and that at The Spanish Peaks Scout Ranch,9 structures, and 4 out buildings have been destroyed.
On July 9, the fire was contained after burning 13,572 acres of land,2013 Colorado wildfires Black Forest fire, another wildfire in Colorado beginning the week before Royal Gorge fire, another wildfire in Colorado beginning the week before List of Colorado wildfires
United States Air Force Academy
The United States Air Force Academy, is a military academy for officer cadets of the United States Air Force. Its campus is located in the western United States in Colorado, the Academys stated mission is to educate and inspire men and women to become leaders of character, motivated to lead the United States Air Force in service to our nation. It is the youngest of the five U. S. service academies, Graduates of the Academys four-year program receive a Bachelor of Science degree, and are commissioned as second lieutenants in the U. S. Air Force. The Academy is one of the largest tourist attractions in Colorado, admission is extremely competitive, with nominations divided equally among Congressional districts. Recent incoming classes have had about 1,200 cadets, tuition along with room and board are all paid for by the Air Force. Cadets receive a stipend, but incur a commitment to serve a number of years of military service after graduation. All cadets participate in either intercollegiate or intramural athletics, and a character development.
Each of the components of the program is intended to give cadets the skills, prior to the Academys establishment, air power advocates had been pushing for a separate Air Force Academy for decades. As early as 1918, Lieutenant Colonel A. J, hanlon wrote, As the Military and Naval Academies are the backbone of the Army and Navy, so must the Aeronautical Academy be the backbone of the Air Service. No service can flourish without some such institution to inculcate into its embryonic officers love of country, proper conception of duty, and highest regard for honor. Mitchells arguments did not gain traction with legislators, and it was not until the late 1940s that the concept of the United States Air Force Academy began to take shape. Support for an air academy got a boost with the National Security Act of 1947 and this was only intended to be a short term fix and disagreements between the services quickly led to the establishment of the Service Academy Board by Secretary of Defense James Forrestal.
Following the recommendation of the Board, Congress passed legislation in 1954 to begin the construction of the Air Force Academy, the legislation established an advisory commission to determine the site of the new school. Among the panel members were Charles Lindbergh, General Carl Spaatz, and Lieutenant General Hubert R. Harmon, the original 582 sites considered were winnowed to three, Illinois, Lake Geneva and the ultimate site at Colorado Springs, Colorado. The Secretary of the Air Force, Harold E. Talbott, Air Training Command began developing a detailed curriculum for the Academy program. The early Air Force Academy leadership had the model of West Point and Annapolis in designing a curriculum, faculty. While at Lowry, they were housed in renovated World War II barracks, there were no upper class cadets to train the new cadets, so the Air Force appointed a cadre of Air Training Officers to conduct training. The ATOs were junior officers, many of whom were graduates of West Point and they acted as surrogate upper class cadets until the upper classes could be populated over the next several years
Colorado is a state in the United States encompassing most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is part of the Western United States, the Southwestern United States, Colorado is the 8th most extensive and the 21st most populous of the 50 United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Colorado was 5,540,545 on July 1,2016, the state was named for the Colorado River, which Spanish travelers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28,1861, Colorado is nicknamed the Centennial State because it became a state in the same year as the centennial of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is noted for its landscape of mountains, high plains, canyons, rivers. Denver is the capital and the most populous city of Colorado, residents of the state are properly known as Coloradans, although the term Coloradoan has been used archaically and lives on in the title of Fort Collins newspaper, the Coloradoan.
Colorado and Utah are the states which have boundaries defined solely by lines of latitude and longitude. The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet elevation in Lake County is the highest point in Colorado, Colorado is the only U. S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters elevation. The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County and this point, which holds the distinction of being the highest low elevation point of any state, is higher than the high elevation points of 18 states and the District of Columbia. A little less than one half of the area of Colorado is flat, East of the Rocky Mountains are the Colorado Eastern Plains of the High Plains, the section of the Great Plains within Nebraska at elevations ranging from roughly 3,350 to 7,500 feet. The Colorado plains were mostly prairies, but they have many patches of forests, buttes. Eastern Colorado is presently covered in farmland and rangeland, along with small farming villages. Precipitation is fair, averaging from 15 to 25 inches annually, wheat, hay and oats are all typical crops, and most of the villages and towns in this region boast both a water tower and a grain elevator.
Irrigation water is available from the South Platte, the Arkansas River, and a few other streams, heavy use of ground water from wells for irrigation has caused underground water reserves to decline. As well as agriculture, eastern Colorado hosts considerable livestock, such as cattle ranches. Roughly 70% of Colorados population resides along the edge of the Rocky Mountains in the Front Range Urban Corridor between Cheyenne and Pueblo, Colorado. This region is protected from prevailing storms that blow in from the Pacific Ocean region by the high Rockies in the middle of Colorado. The Front Range includes Denver, Fort Collins, Colorado Springs, Pueblo and other townships, on the other side of the Rockies, the significant population centers in Western Colorado are the cities of Grand Junction and Montrose
Glenwood Springs, Colorado
The City of Glenwood Springs is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Garfield County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 9,614 and it is home to two of the campuses and the administrative offices of the Colorado Mountain College system. Glenwood Springs in 2015 was named the Most Vibrant Small Town Arts Environment in the United States by Southern Methodist University and it was named the Most Fun Town in America by Rand McNally and USA Today in 2011. Glenwood Springs was originally known as Defiance, a name still used by local teams or businesses. Defiance was established in 1883, a camp of tents, saloons and it was populated with the expected crowd of gamblers and prostitutes. The location of Glenwood Springs, as well as gaining a stop on the railroad, the city has seen famous visitors, including President Teddy Roosevelt, who spent an entire summer vacation living out of the historic Hotel Colorado. Doc Holliday, a wild west legend from the O. K.
Corral gunfight, kid Curry is buried in the same location. Infamous serial killer Ted Bundy was imprisoned in the Glenwood Springs jail until he escaped on the night of December 30,1977, Glenwood Springs was one of the first places in the United States to have electric lights. The original lighting was installed in 1897 inside of the Fairy Caves in Iron Mountain, later, a dam was built in Glenwood Canyon, providing water for the Shoshone power plant. Glenwood Springs is located in the mountain valleys that host the confluence of the Colorado River. The surrounding terrain is steeply contoured on all sides, with numerous caves to be found, extensive geothermal resources exist in the area, most famously manifest in the local hot springs, but evidenced through other features such as the Dotsero maar. Occasional proposals to leverage the geothermal energy for other purposes arise, Glenwood Springs has experienced several significant mudslides throughout its history, a threat mitigated somewhat by public works.
Glenwood Springs is one of the most walkable towns in America, due to assertive planning by city management during the early years of the city, Glenwood Springs owns some of the most senior water rights to tributaries of the Colorado River. Despite very little risk of water supply inadequacy, unlike most of the American West, supply is so ample that the city has an incomplete understanding of its own water rights. The towns drinking water is supplied primarily through senior rights to major watersheds in the Flat Tops Wilderness Area, and the tap water is generally of excellent quality. Extensive mineral deposits exist further up the Crystal River and the Roaring Fork, Glenwood Springs itself lies outside of the Colorado Mineral Belt, and there are no mineral or oil and gas sources near Glenwood Springs proper or its watersheds. Valley inversions and heavy traffic to Aspen can lead to air quality issues during exceptionally cold spells of winter. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Glenwood Springs has an area of 5.7 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles
Waldo Canyon Fire
The fire was active in the Pike National Forest and adjoining areas, covering a total of 18,247 acres. There were 346 homes destroyed by the fire, U. S. Highway 24, a major east-west road, was closed in both directions. The Waldo Canyon Fire resulted in insurance claims totaling more than US $453.7 million. The Waldo Canyon fire started as a fire about noon on June 23,2012 in a valley of Rampart Range in the Pike National Forest, about 3 miles west of Colorado Springs. The fire, first spotted and caught on video by cyclists on the range, spread quickly, Air support was requested at 12,24 p. m. by the Colorado Springs Fire Department. Helicopters began dropping water on the two days after the fire began. Erratic winds caused the fire to spread rapidly in the northwest, by 3 p. m. the fire grew to 600 acres spreading towards the towns of Chipita Park, Green Mountain Falls, and Cascade, Colorado. It spread towards the western and northwestern areas of the Colorado Springs area, residents began to evacuate as the fire intensified.
Planes dropped retardant slurry on what they believed was the Pyramid Mountain Fire, as the fire intensified, flames seemed to reach 150 feet above the treetops. Seventy fire trucks were called in, an area for firefighters was established. The citys emergency operations center was opened, the city asked fire departments from Stratmoor Hills, Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Cimarron Hills and Peterson Air Force Base to fill four city stations. Colorado Springs Utilities Catamount Wildland Fire Team, began to cut a firebreak above Cedar Heights, US Highway 24 was closed at 31st Street and through Ute Pass on June 24. By that day, eleven people had evacuated their homes and shelters were set up for evacuees in Colorado Springs. The fire crossed Rampart Range Road on June 25 when a deer leaped across the road. The fire spread quickly into Queens Canyon due to the dry terrain, hot conditions, and the steep topography, on June 26,2012, Colorado Springs experienced a record high temperature of 101 °F, which aided the fires rapid expansion through Queens Canyon and creating significant smoke.
The fire crested Queens Canyon and winds from the west nearing 65 mph gusts pushed the fire down the slope and into the Mountain Shadows, Oak Valley Ranch, the fire moved about 2 miles per hour towards the city. Embers were carried by the wind to a distance of up to a mile away and caused multiple small spot fires of brush. Once the fire crossed into neighborhoods, the fuel for the fire was houses, by late afternoon and evening, multiple structures were burned including the Flying W Ranch, a Colorado Springs landmark built in 1953
National Park Service
It was created on August 25,1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. As of 2014, the NPS employs 21,651 employees who oversee 417 units, the National Park Service celebrated its centennial in 2016. National parks and national monuments in the United States were originally individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior, the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior and they wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service, Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS.
On March 3,1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933, the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasnt until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President Roosevelt agreed and issued two Executive orders to make it happen. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service, the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery, Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States national parks, Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States.
In 1872, there was no government to manage it. Yosemite National Park began as a park, the land for the park was donated by the federal government to the state of California in 1864 for perpetual conservation. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership, at first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. Later, the agency was given authority over other protected areas, the National Park System includes all properties managed by the National Park Service
International Space Station
The International Space Station is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit. Its first component launched into orbit in 1998, and the ISS is now the largest man-made body in space, the ISS consists of pressurised modules, external trusses, solar arrays, and other components. ISS components have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets, the ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, astronomy and other fields. The station is suited for the testing of systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon. The ISS maintains an orbit with an altitude of between 330 and 435 km by means of reboost manoeuvres using the engines of the Zvezda module or visiting spacecraft and it completes 15.54 orbits per day. The ISS is the space station to be inhabited by crews, following the Soviet and Russian Salyut, Almaz. The station has continuously occupied for 16 years and 156 days since the arrival of Expedition 1 on 2 November 2000.
This is the longest continuous presence in low Earth orbit. It has been visited by astronauts and space tourists from 17 different nations, Soyuz has very limited downmass capability. The ISS programme is a joint project among five participating space agencies, NASA, Roscosmos, JAXA, ESA, the ownership and use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements. The station is divided two sections, the Russian Orbital Segment and the United States Orbital Segment, which is shared by many nations. As of January 2014, the American portion of ISS is being funded until 2024, Roscosmos has endorsed the continued operation of ISS through 2024 but has proposed using elements of the Russian Orbital Segment to construct a new Russian space station called OPSEK. On 28 March 2015, Russian sources announced that Roscosmos and NASA had agreed to collaborate on the development of a replacement for the current ISS. NASA issued a statement expressing thanks for Russias interest in future co-operation in space exploration.
According to the original Memorandum of Understanding between NASA and Rosaviakosmos, the International Space Station was intended to be a laboratory and factory in low Earth orbit. It was planned to provide transportation and act as a base for possible future missions to the Moon, Mars. In the 2010 United States National Space Policy, the ISS was given roles of serving commercial, diplomatic. The ISS provides a platform to conduct scientific research, the ISS simplifies individual experiments by eliminating the need for separate rocket launches and research staff
Fox News, officially known as the Fox News Channel, is an American basic cable and satellite news television channel that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group subsidiary of 21st Century Fox. As of February 2015, approximately 94,700,000 American households receive the Fox News Channel, the channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York City, New York. The channel was created by Australian-American media mogul Rupert Murdoch, who hired former Republican Party media consultant and it launched on October 7,1996, to 17 million cable subscribers. It grew during the late 1990s and 2000s to become a dominant cable news network in the United States, Rupert Murdoch is the current chairman and acting CEO of Fox News. Fox News Channel has been accused of biased reporting and promoting the Republican Party, critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of news overall. Fox News Channel employees have responded that news reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, in July 1985, 20th Century Fox announced that Murdoch had completed his purchase of 50 percent of Fox Filmed Entertainment, the parent company of 20th Century Fox Film Corporation.
A year later, 20th Century Fox earned $5.6 million in its third period ended May 31,1986. Prior to founding FNC, Murdoch had gained experience in the 24-hour news business when News Corporations BSkyB subsidiary began Europes first 24-hour news channel in the United Kingdom in 1989, in February 1996, after former U. S. Republican Party political strategist and NBC executive Roger Ailes left cable television channel Americas Talking, Ailes demanded five months of 14-hour workdays and several weeks of rehearsal shows before its launch on October 7,1996. At its debut 17 million households were able to watch FNC, however, it was absent from the markets of New York City. Rolling news coverage during the day consisted of 20-minute single-topic shows such as Fox on Crime or Fox on Politics, interviews featured facts at the bottom of the screen about the topic or the guest. The flagship newscast at the time was The Schneider Report, with Mike Schneiders fast-paced delivery of the news, during the evening, Fox featured opinion shows, The OReilly Report, The Crier Report and Hannity & Colmes.
From the beginning, FNC has placed emphasis on visual presentation. Graphics were designed to be colorful and attention-getting, this helped the viewer to grasp the main points of what was being said, Fox News created the Fox News Alert, which interrupted its regular programming when a breaking news story occurred. To accelerate its adoption by cable providers, Fox News paid systems up to $11 per subscriber to distribute the channel and this contrasted with the normal practice, in which cable operators paid stations carriage fees for programming. Time Warner selected MSNBC as the news channel, not Fox News. Fox News claimed that this violated an agreement, citing its agreement to keep its U. S. City officials threatened to take action affecting Time Warners cable franchises in the city, during the September 11,2001 attacks, Fox News was the first news organization to run a news ticker on the bottom of the screen to keep up with the flow of information that day
Buffalo Creek, Colorado
Buffalo Creek is an unincorporated community and U. S. Post Office in Jefferson County, United States, the ZIP Code of the Buffalo Creek Post Office is 80425. The town of Buffalo Creek was established about 1877 along the stream of the same name, the Buffalo Creek Post Office opened on August 16,1878. The town has been destroyed by several times. The Colorado Trail is approximately 5 miles from Buffalo Creek and it is open for hiking and camping. The Pike National Forest runs through Buffalo Creek where the elevation is 6500 to 6700 ft. Buffalo Creek is located at 39°23′11″N 105°16′12″W, only parts of the pine forest in and nearby have been caught ablaze, not the entire area
Saguache County, Colorado
Saguache County /səˈwɑːtʃ/ is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,108, Saguache County was formed December 29,1866, in the Territory of Colorado as a partition from Lake County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 3,170 square miles. Western Express Bicycle Route As of the census of 2000, there were 5,917 people,2,300 households, the population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 3,087 housing units at a density of 1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 71. 29% White,0. 12% Black or African American,2. 06% Native American,0. 46% Asian,23. 00% from other races,45. 26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26. 90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7. 70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.15. In the county, the population was out with 28. 40% under the age of 18,7. 90% from 18 to 24,26. 00% from 25 to 44,26. 90% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males, the median income for a household in the county was $25,495, and the median income for a family was $29,405. Males had an income of $25,158 versus $18,862 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,121, about 18. 70% of families and 22. 60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27. 60% of those under age 18 and 12. 50% of those age 65 or over. Saguache County has nine locations listed in the National Register of Historic Places, outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Colorado counties Colorado municipalities State of Colorado Lindsey, D. A. et al. Mineral resources of the Black Canyon and South Piney Creek Wilderness Study Areas, Saguache County, U. S Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Black Forest Fire
The Black Forest Fire was a forest fire that began near Highway 83 and Shoup Road in Black Forest, Colorado around 1,00 p. m. on June 11,2013. As of June 20,2013, the fire was 100 percent contained,14,280 acres were burned, at least 509 homes were said to be destroyed, and two people had died. This was the most destructive fire in the history, surpassing the 2012 Waldo Canyon Fire which began near Colorado Springs. The evacuation area covered 94,000 acres acres,13,000 homes and 38,000 people, three shelters were established in the area, including Elbert County Fairgrounds, which accepted humans and large animals. Two other shelters were designated for large animals only, of note,3 x UH-60 and 3 x CH-47 from 2-4 GSAB were instrumental in providing immediate response to assist in fighting the fires. The Battalion, commanded by LTC Tyler Smith, launched with little notice to provide much needed support to the Front Range region. One of the CH-47D aircraft Patches, was involved in the effort on every day, governor John Hickenlooper addressed Emergency Managers at the command post on June 12.
Northern Command assisted with fire fighting efforts, record setting heat in the region, and a Red Flag Warning from the National Weather Service set the stage for an explosive fire situation. In the early hours of Tuesday, June 11,2013, beginning before 2,00 p. m. MDT. The initial 9-1-1 call came from Gregg Cawlfield, reporting a small structure fire, cell phone video he captured shows the fire started as a small, localized event. The record heat and high winds spread the flames to several hundred acres. As of June 20, the investigation into the cause and timeline of events continued. As of 4,50 a. m. the evacuation area stood at 55 square miles, with firefighters from agencies around the state of Colorado being mobilized, as well as helicopters and military aircraft. In the afternoon hours of June 12, the fire exploded in size driven by dry winds, jumping fire lines and spreading out to the east, evacuation areas were expanded from El Paso County into Douglas and Elbert Counties, and west to Interstate 25.
Some evacuation shelters were forced to evacuate due to smoke, firefighters experienced additional frustrations with intrusions of road closures on Highway 83, Walker Road, and Evans Road, according to scanner traffic observed by The Gazette. Also observed by reporters over the scanner were instances of news media helicopters violating closed airspace above the fire, creating hazardous situations, heavy smoke being pushed by the south/south-easterly winds covered most of the populated areas of Douglas County and pushed into other Denver suburbs. Fire investigators confirmed that lightning had been ruled out as a cause of the fire, the investigation centers just north of Shoup Road near Darr Drive, an area with many homes in a heavily wooded area. Within two days of ignition, the Black Forest fire surpassed the previous years Waldo Canyon fire as the most destructive fire in Colorado history