2013 in France
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Events from the year 2013 in France:
- 2 January - A fire in an apartment block in the Paris suburb Gennevilliers kills 5 people and injures 18.
- 11 January -
- President François Hollande confirms French participation in operations in Mali against Islamist armed groups.
- Two French soldiers and seventeen militants are killed in the town Bulo Marer, Mali, during a failed rescue attempt to free a French hostage known by the pseudonym "Denis Allex". Allex is also to have been reported to have been killed.
- 13 January - A mass rally is held in Paris protesting against government plans to legalise same-sex marriage.
- 17 January - Somalian militant group al Shabaab claim they have executed French hostage "Denis Allex". This contradicts the government's claim that Allex was killed during the failed hostage rescue attempt six days previously.
- 21 January - A gas leak at a Lubrizol chemical plant near Rouen prompts thousands of calls to emergency services complaining of foul smelling air across north-eastern France and parts of southern England. In a statement, the Ministry of the Interior reassures that the gas is not harmful at the quantities released.
- 28 January - Comments made by the employment minister Michel Sapin, who in a radio interview called the country "totally bankrupt", are rebuffed by the finance minister Pierre Moscovici as "inappropriate".
- 1 February - An agreement is signed between Google Inc. and François Hollande for the company to invest €60 million into a fund to help develop the French media's internet presence. In return, French publishers agree to drop their demand for the company to pay license fees for showing their headlines and article portions in search engine results.
- 10 February - Police investigating a series of sexual assaults in Marseilles arrest a pair of twins after DNA evidence recovered from the scenes is unable to determine which one is to blame, if at all.
- 12 February - The National Assembly approves a bill extending rights to marry and adopt to homosexual couples by 329-229.
- 14 February - Meat processing firm Spanghero is accused by the government of knowingly labelling meat containing horsemeat as beef. As a result, the company's license to operate is suspended. The suspension is partially lifted four days later.
- 21 February - Minister for Industrial Renewal Arnaud Montebourg criticises comments made by the CEO of Titan Tire Corporation Maurice Taylor about the perceived poor work ethic of French employees, calling them "perfect ignorance".
- 2 March -
- 12 March -
- A cold snap causes exceptional snow and ice cover across north and north-western France. 27 départments declare an amber alert, and 200,000 people are reported to be without electricity.
- François Hollande confirms that France will miss the 3% deficit target he pledged as part of his presidential campaign the previous year. The deficit for 2013 is projected to be 3.7% of GDP output.
- 16 March - Despite a 23-16 win over Scotland, France finishes last in the 2013 Six Nations Championship for the first time since 1999.
- 19 March - Jérôme Cahuzac, a junior minister at the Ministry of the Economy, Finances and Industry resigns amid allegations of tax fraud.
- 30 March - Separate building fires in Saint Quentin and Aubervilliers claim the lives of 8 people, including 5 children.
- 2 April - After previously denying having secret foreign bank account to evade tax, Jérôme Cahuzac admits to hiding €600,000 in a Swiss account for more than 20 years.
- 9 April - French troops begin their withdrawal from Mali, almost four months after being deployed.
- 13 April - Convicted criminal Rédoine Faïd escapes from a prison in Sequedin. A European-wide arrest assault is subsequently issued against him.
- 23 April - The French Parliament passes a bill legalising same-sex marriage and adoption by same-sex couples.
- 25 April - New figues show that unemployment has reached 3.2 million, with the number of jobseekers at their highest since records began in January 1996.
- 5 May - Protests in Paris numbering in the tens of thousands mark François Hollande's first year in power, with many supporters of leftist parties expressing dissatisfaction over his handling of the economy.
- 12 May - Paris Saint-Germain secure their third Ligue 1 title, and their first since 1994, with a 1-0 victory over Lyon.
- 15 May - Official figures released today show that the economy has returned to recession, with the first quarter of 2013 showing a contraction of 0.2%.
- 18 May - François Hollande signs the bill legalising same-sex marriage and adoption by same-sex couple into law.
- 21 May - Amid debate on overturning the Toubon Law and extending the availability of courses run in the English language in universities, Libération expresses support for a repeal by running a front cover entirely in English, with the headline "Let's Do It".
- 25 May - A French soldier is wounded by an unknown assailant while on duty in La Défense. The attack is being treated as a terrorist incident and is seen as a possible copycat attack to that of Lee Rigby, who was murdered in Woolwich four days previously.
- 29 May - The first French same-sex marriage is officiated in the city of Montpellier by the mayor, Hélène Mandroux-Colas.
- 9 June - Protesters objecting to the legalisation of same-sex marriage are removed from the final of the 2013 French Open between Rafael Nadal and David Ferrer for disrupting play.
- 11 June - A three-day strike by air traffic controllers begins in protest against European Union plans to create a single European airspace.
- 20 June - Heavy rainfall in the Pyrenees causes flash floods, killing 3 people. The floods heavily affect pilgrimages to Lourdes, forcing the closure of the shrine and the evacuation of thousands of tourists from their hotels.
- 22–23 June - The 81st edition of the 24 Hours of Le Mans is held at the Circuit de la Sarthe and is won by Dane Tom Kristensen, Briton Allan McNish and Frenchman Loïc Duval. The race is however marred by the death of Allan Simonsen on lap 3, the first fatality at the event in 16 years.
- 29 June - The 100th edition of the Tour de France begins in Porto-Vecchio in Corsica.
- 2 July - François Hollande sacks environment minister Delphine Batho after she publicly criticises government budget cuts. Phillipe Martin is named as her replacement.
- 3 July - The plane carrying Bolivian President Evo Morales is denied permission to fly over French airspace due to the mistaken belief that American fugitive Edward Snowden is on board. The incident provokes harsh criticism from heads of government across South America, as well as demonstrations outside the French embassy in La Paz.
- 4 July - An investigation by Le Monde accuses the government of mass electronic surveillance of the French people, stating that data sent via "emails, SMSs, telephone calls, Facebook and Twitter posts" is collected and stored in Paris.
- 6 July - Marion Bartoli wins her first Wimbledon title, beating Germany's Sabine Lisicki in two sets. It is the first French win at Wimbledon since Amélie Mauresmo in 2006.
- 10 July - Three far-right groups are banned by the government following the killing of a left-wing activist student, Clement Maric, on 6 June. The groups deny involvement in Meric's death.
- 12 July - A train crash in Brétigny-sur-Orge kills 7 people and injures 20. François Hollande visits the scene within hours, calling the accident "a catastrophe". It is the worst train crash on French soil for 25 years.
- 28 July - High winds and strong currents off the Hérault coast cause the deaths of 7 men on 6 different beaches.
- 1 August - The former energy minister of Kazakhstan and former head of BTA Bank Mukhtar Ablyazov, accused of embezzling billions of dollars, is arrested in Cannes.
- 2 August - The government unveils a bill to revitalise France's deprived suburbs, which if passed, will see €5 billion invested into deprived areas to create employment and improve housing conditions.
- 8 August - Farmers in Brittany protest low egg prices and high production costs by smashing eggs in large quantities, vowing to destroy 100,000 eggs per day until 11 August.
- 30 August - François Hollande backs US plans for a military response to Syria's alleged chemical weapon usage one week earlier. Hollande's announcement comes one day after the United Kingdom's decision not to commit in a military capacity, leaving France as the only major country supporting the United States' position.
- 4 September - The President of Germany, Joachim Gauck, becomes the first German head of state to visit Oradour-sur-Glane, where 642 inhabitants of the village were massacred by German soldiers in 1944.
- 11 September - Police seize 1.3 tonnes of cocaine packed into 30 separate suitcases on an Air France flight at Charles de Gaulle airport. The drugs, which arrived from Caracas, Venezuela, are estimated to be worth around €200 million.
- 25 September - Human rights campaigners and the European Commission criticise Interior minister Manuel Valls for comments he made stating that "a majority" of Roma people should be expelled from the country because so few integrate into French society. Valls stands by his comments, stating that "My remarks only shock those who don't know the subject".
- 11 October - The Constitutional Council of France upholds the law banning hydraulic fracturing after a challenge by US-based firm Schuepbach Energy.
- 17 October - Thousands of pupils march in Paris protesting against the expulsion of two foreign teenage students from the country for violating immigration laws.
- 26 October - 3 are injured in Finistère when protests by agricultural workers over a new road tax on vehicles over 3.5 tonnes turns violent.
- 29 October - A BVA poll shows that François Hollande's approval rating stands at 26%, the lowest ever recorded for a French President.
- 30 October - 4 French hostages are freed in Niger, having been held captive since September 2010.
- 8 November - Standard & Poor's cuts France's credit rating from AA+ to AA, citing high unemployment and lack of government reforms in stimulating economic growth. It comes almost two years since France lost its top AAA rating.
- 16 November - Around 2000 freight trucks block major roads around Paris, Marseilles, Lyon and other large cities in an organised protest against the proposed road tax on vehicles exceeding 3.5 tonnes.
- 18 November - A lone gunman fires shots at the headquarters of Libération and, 90 minutes later, at the headquarters of Societe Generale, seriously injuring 1 person.
- 21 November - Police arrest a suspect in connection with the shootings in Paris on 18 November. The suspect is named as Abdelhakim Dekhar. He is charged with attempted murder and kidnapping two days later.
- 28 November - A survey by the European Commission finds that consumer confidence fell sharply in November, with the French more pessimistic about the state of the national economy compared to other Eurozone countries.
- 29 November - MPs debate a bill that would introduce a fine of €1,500 to those caught paying for sex.
- 2 December - One thousand French soldiers arrive in the Central African Republic to help stem the rising tide of sectarian violence in the country.
- 4 December - The National Assembly passes the bill imposing fines on those being caught using prostitutes by a 268-138 margin.
- 5 December - The United Nations Security Council passes Resolution 2127, giving authorisation for French soldiers in the Central African Republic to use force to prevent civilian casualties.
- 10 December - Two French soldiers are killed in fighting in the Central African Republic capital of Bangui. They are the first French casualties of the conflict.
- 18 December - The world's first artificial heart transplant is performed by doctors at the Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris.
- 24 December - The national institute for statistics INSEE announces that France has avoided sliding back into recession during the second half of the year. It reports that the economy grew by 0.4% in the final quarter of 2013, after contracting by 0.1% in the third quarter.
- 30 December - The Constitutional Council rules that a new tax levied on companies paying salaries of more than €1m is lawful.
The penetration rate of the mobile phone in French Republic is around 105-107%.
Arts and literature
- 22 February - 38th César Awards: Amour, directed by Michael Haneke, wins in five categories including Best Film and Best Director. Jean-Louis Trintignant and Emmanuelle Riva win Best Actor and Best Actress respectively.
- 26 May - Cannes Film Festival: French film Blue Is the Warmest Colour, directed by Abdellatif Kechiche, wins the Palme D'Or.
- 10 January - Lucien Poirier, 94, general and military theorist
- 26 February - Stéphane Hessel, 95, diplomat and writer.
- 19 April - François Jacob, 92, biologist, winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
- 21 May – Dominique Venner, 78, historian and writer.
- 22 May - Henri Dutilleux, 97, composer.
- 23 May - Georges Moustaki, 79, singer-songwriter.
- 20 June - Jean-Louis Scherrer, 78, fashion designer
- 27 June - Alain Mimoun, 92, runner and Olympic marathon champion (1956).
- 25 July - Bernadette Lafont, 74, actress (L'Effrontée).
- 7 October - Patrice Chéreau, 68, film and theatre director (La Reine Margot).
- 8 October - Helissio, 20, thoroughbred racehorse, winner of the 1996 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe.
- 16 October- Albert Bourlon, 96, racing cyclist.
- "Fire in apartment complex in impoverished French district kills 5". Toronto Star. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "France confirms Mali military intervention". BBC News. BBC. 11 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Beaumont, Peter (12 January 2013). "French secret service hostage and soldiers killed in Somali rescue mission". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Mass Paris rally against gay marriage in France". BBC News. BBC. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "French hostage executed, Somali militants say". France 24. 17 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Sayare, Scott (22 January 2013). "Foul-Smelling Cloud Drifts Over France, Alarming Residents". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Hall, John (29 January 2013). "'France is totally bankrupt': French jobs minister Michel Sapin embarrasses Francois Hollande with shocking statement on state of the country's economy". The Independent. London. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Google to pay 60 million euros into French media fund". Reuters. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "French police baffled by twins' DNA in series of rapes". France 24. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Smith-Spark, Laura (12 February 2013). "French lawmakers approve same-sex marriage bill". CNN. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Chrisafis, Angelique (15 February 2013). "Horsemeat scandal: French inspectors scour Spanghero processing firm". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Willsher, Kim (18 February 2013). "Horsemeat scandal: French company Spanghero restarts operations". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "French criticise 'ignorant' comments by US tyre boss". BBC News. BBC. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Neige : le Nord et l'Ouest restent fortement perturbés". Le Monde (in French). Paris. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "France to miss deficit target, President Hollande says". BBC News. BBC. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Averis, Mike (16 March 2013). "France finish with Six Nations wooden spoon despite win over Scotland". The Observer. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Willsher, Kim (19 March 2013). "France's budget minister Cahuzac resigns to fight claims of 'fiscal fraud'". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Gray, Sadie (31 March 2013). "Five children among eight dead in French house fires". The Times. London: News UK. Retrieved 29 January 2014. (subscription required)
- Chrisafis, Angelique (2 April 2013). "France's former budget minister admits lying about secret offshore account". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "France begins withdrawing troops from Mali". Al Jazeera. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Inmate blasts his way out of French prison". CBS News. CBS Interactive. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Same-sex marriage: French parliament approves new law". BBC News. BBC. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "French unemployment at new high". BBC News. BBC. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Dilorenzo, Sarah (5 May 2013). "Thousands of leftist supporters march through Paris in protest over Hollande's first year". The Independent. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "PSG wrap up title". ESPN. 12 May 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "French economy returns to recession". BBC News. BBC. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Erlanger, Steven (18 May 2013). "Hollande Signs French Gay Marriage Law". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Samuel, Henry (21 May 2013). "Libération newspaper publishes whole front page in English". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Alexander, Harriet; Allen, Peter (25 May 2013). "French soldier stabbed in Paris". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Vandoorne, Saskya; Smith-Spark, Laura (30 May 2013). "After months of protests, French couple ties knot in first same-sex wedding". CNN. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Protesters disrupt French Open final". CBS News. CBS Interactive. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "France air traffic control strike hits Europe flights". BBC News. BBC. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Unseasonal storms close Lourdes holy shrine". France 24. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Giles, Richard (23 June 2013). "Allan Simonsen's death at Le Mans to be classed as a racing incident". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Leicester, John (29 June 2013). "Mayhem marks start of 100th Tour de France". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Deen, Mark; Patel, Tara (2 July 2013). "Hollande Fires Energy Minister Batho Amid Nuclear-Power Debate". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Snowden case: France apologises in Bolivia plane row". BBC News. BBC. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Duggan, Oliver (5 July 2013). "France accused of running vast data surveillance scheme to keep tabs on population". The Independent. London. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Wimbledon 2013: Marion Bartoli beats Sabine Lisicki to win title". BBC News. BBC. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Clement Meric killing: France bans far-right groups". BBC News. BBC. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Operations begin to clear wreckage of derailed train near Paris". France 24. 14 July 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- de la Baume, Maïa; Erlanger, Steve (12 July 2013). "At Least 6 Dead and Dozens Injured as Train Derails Near Paris". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Seven Drown Off South Of France Coast". Sky News. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Kazakh opposition oligarch Ablyazov arrested in France". BBC News. BBC. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Hollande plans new aid for France's deprived suburbs". BBC News. BBC. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Ganley, Elaine (30 August 2013). "France backs U.S. plan for military strike on Syria". Toronto Star. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Gathmann, Florian (4 September 2013). "Painful Past: German President Visits Nazi Massacre Site". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Huge cocaine haul seized on Air France plane in Paris". BBC News. BBC. 21 September 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "French minister Valls defends call for Roma expulsions". BBC News. BBC. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Mulholland, Rory (12 October 2013). "France upholds ban on fracking". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "French schoolchildren march in anger over expulsions". BBC News. BBC. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Protests over French 'ecotax' turn violent". France 24. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Chrisafis, Angelique (29 October 2013). "François Hollande becomes most unpopular French president ever". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Four French hostages freed in Niger - President Hollande". BBC News. BBC. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "France's credit rating cut by S&P to AA". BBC News. BBC. 8 November 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Thousands of trucks block French roads in tax protest". France 24. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "French police hunt gunman after shooting". Al Jazeera. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Willsher, Kim (21 November 2013). "Police arrest man suspected of Paris shooting attacks". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Paris shooting suspect charged with attempted murder". France 24. 24 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "France 'more pessimistic' on economy as confidence dips". BBC News. BBC. 28 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "France prostitution: MPs debate ban on paying for sex". BBC News. BBC. 29 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Pflanz, Mike (2 December 2013). "France sends troops to Central African Republic". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Smith-Sparks, Laura (4 December 2013). "French lower house passes bill to fine prostitutes' clients". CNN. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Smith, David; Willsher, Kim (5 December 2013). "Clashes in Central African Republic as UN authorises French intervention". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "French soldiers killed in Central African Republic". BBC News. BBC. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "France 'to avoid double-dip recession'". BBC News. BBC. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Tadeo, Maria (30 December 2013). "France approves Francois Hollande's 75% 'millionaire tax'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- https://www.arcep.fr/index.php?id=13858#c96953 A. I Taux de pénétration mobile en France
- "'Amour' sweeps France's César awards". France24. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Collin, Robbie (26 May 2013). "Cannes 2013: Blue is the Warmest Colour wins Palme d'Or". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Willsher, Kim (27 February 2013). "Stéphane Hessel, writer and inspiration behind Occupy movement, dies at 95". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "François Jacob". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Lichfield, John (21 May 2013). "Far-right French historian, 78-year-old Dominique Venner, commits suicide in Notre Dame in protest against gay marriage". The Independent. London. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Henri Dutilleux, French composer, dies aged 97". BBC News. BBC News. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Willsher, Kim (24 May 2013). "Georges Moustaki obituary". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Goldstein, Richard (30 June 2013). "Alain Mimoun, a Top Runner, Dies at 92". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "French Nouvelle Vague actress Bernadette Lafont dies at 74". France24. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Patrice Chéreau". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Scarvagh stallion Helissio dies aged 20". Racing Post. Centurycomm Limited. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Tour de France record holder Bourlon dies". Cycling News. Future Publishing. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.