Apostolos G. Tzitzikostas is a Greek politician of the Nea Dimokratia party and governor of the region of Central Macedonia since 2013, he was born in 1978 in Nymfaio in Florina, his father was of the future Minister of Macedonia and Thrace Georgios Tzitzikostas, Apostolos Tzitzikostas studied International Politics and Diplomacy at Georgetown University and worked at the office of the Chair of the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Following his graduation in Public Policy and Economics at the University College of London, he returned to Greece and in 2001 he created his own company on the field of production and standardization of dairy products, based on organic standards, by the name MACEDONIAN FARM SA to be marketed by industry leader Mevgal. From 2003 until 2007 he served as CEO. From 2005 until September 2007 he was appointed President of the Thessaloniki branch of liberal think tank Center for Political Research and Communication. In the 2007 legislative election, Tzitzikostas stood for election on Nea Dimokratia's list in the Thessaloniki A constituency and was elected a Member of the Hellenic Parliament.
In the early 2009 election, he lost his seat but was appointed his party's Deputy Head for Greeks Abroad. At the 2010 local election, Apostolos Tzitzikostas was elected Deputy Regional Governor of Central Macedonia. Following Psomiadis' criminal conviction, Tzitzikostas succeeded him by elections on 5 January 2013. In 2013, both his invitation of Golden Dawn party representatives to the annual 28 October Ohi Day parade drew nationwide criticism, including from his own party, his following comparison of the fascist party with the socialist PASOK caused more anger. At the 2014 local election Apostolos Tzitzikostas lost support by Nea Dimokratia because of his refusal to be nominated candidate mayor of Thessaloniki and his decision to run for the office the Regional Governor, he was challenged by ND candidate Yannis Ioannidis. With the support of right-wing parties ANEL, EPAL and LAOS, he defeated him in the second round, with a percentage of 71.03%, was popularly elected regional governor for five more years.
Since 26 January 2015, he has been a Member of the EU Committee of the Regions. He was one of the four candidates in the New Democracy leadership election, 2015, he reached the third place behind Kyriakos Mitsotakis. Personal profile of Apostolos Tzitzikostas in the EU Committee of the Regions's database of members Terms of office of Apostolos Tzitzikostas at the Hellenic Parliament
The Panhellenic Socialist Movement, known by its acronym PASOK is a social-democratic political party in Greece. PASOK was founded on 3 September 1974 by Andreas Papandreou as a democratic socialist and left-wing nationalist party, following the collapse of the military junta of 1967–1974; as a result of the 1981 legislative election, PASOK became Greece's first left-of-centre party to win a majority in the Hellenic Parliament. One of the major electoral forces in Greek politics between the 1977 and 2012 elections, PASOK lost much of its popular support as a result of the Greek debt crisis; when the crisis was revealed, PASOK was the ruling party with George Papandreou as Prime Minister, he was responsible for negotiating the First Greek bailout package with the European troika. The party was part of two coalition governments from 2011 to 2015, during which unprecedented austerity measures were taken in response to the crisis. In the Hellenic Parliament PASOK went from being the largest party with 160 mandates in the 2009 election to being the smallest party with 13 mandates in the January 2015 election, which rose to 17 mandates in the September 2015 election.
This decline became known as Pasokification. The lead party in the Democratic Alignment, the party has merged into a new party called Movement for Change in 2018; the first members of the party were the main organizers of the collapse of the military junta of 1967–1974 and the re-establishment of democracy on 3 September 1974. Its founder was Andreas Papandreou, son of the late Greek liberal leader and three-time Prime Minister of Greece Georgios Papandreou Sr, its founding mottos were "National Independence, Popular Sovereignty, Social Emancipation, Democratic Process." Andreas Papandreou was offered the leadership of the liberal political forces after the restoration of democracy, but in a risky move he declined, so the leadership was assumed by Georgios Mavros. Papandreou, a powerful orator and charismatic leader, explicitly rejected the ideological heritage of his father, stressed the fact that he was a socialist, not a liberal. At the November 1974 elections the Party received only 13.5% of the vote and won 15 seats, coming third behind the centre-right New Democracy of Konstantinos Karamanlis and the Centre Union – New Forces of Georgios Mavros.
At the November 1977 elections, however, PASOK eclipsed the EK-ND, doubled its share of the vote and won 92 seats, becoming the main opposition party. At the October 1981 national elections the PASOK won a landslide victory with 48% of the vote and capturing 173 seats. Although Papandreou had campaigned for withdrawal of Greece from NATO and the European Economic Community, after a strong request by the rest of the party members and its supporters, changed his policy towards both institutions, he proved to be an excellent negotiator when it came to securing benefits and subsidies for Greece from the EEC. For example, in 1985 he threatened Jacques Delors to veto the entry of Spain and Portugal in the Community in order to secure more monetary aid for Greece. In 1986, the PASOK government amended the Greek constitution to remove most powers from the President and give wider authority to the Prime Minister and the Executive Government. Civil marriages, not consecrated by religious ceremony, were recognized as valid with religious weddings.
The left-wing Resistance movement against the Axis in World War II was recognized after, leftist resistance fighters were given state pensions, while political refugees of the Greek Civil War were given permission to return to Greece. The National Health System was created and various repressive laws of the anti-communist postwar establishment were abolished, wages were boosted, an independent and multidimensional foreign policy was pursued, many reforms in Family Law to strengthened the rights of women and the Greek Gendarmerie was abolished in 1984. At the June 1985 elections, received 46% of the vote and won 161 seats, thus securing a stable parliamentary majority for its second term in power, it continued to be popular for much of its second term in March 1987 when Andreas Papandreou handled a crisis in the Aegean with Turkey. By late 1988 however, both the government's popularity and Papandreou's health had declined; the former, because of press reports of financial and corruption scandals that surfaced, implicating Ministers and Andreas Papandreou himself as well as because of fiscal austerity measures imposed after the Keynesian policies of the first term.
PASOK lost the June 1989 elections with 40% of the vote while the opposing New Democracy received 44.3%. PASOK had changed the electoral law before the elections, making it harder for the leading party to form a majority government, so the legislature was deadlocked. Another election in November produced a similar result. After a brief period of a grand coalition government, in which PASOK participated, a third election in April 1990 brought New Democracy back to power. Despite a 7% lead in popular vote over PASOK, New Democracy could only secure a marginal majority in the Hellenic Parliament, electing 152 MPs out of a total of 300, its representation in the Parliament shrunk to 121 MPs in 1990. In opposition, PASOK underwent a leadership crisis when Andreas Papandreou was prosecuted over his supposed i
Drassi is a liberal minor political party in Greece. The party was founded in 2009 by Stefanos Manos and is led by former New Democracy member Theodoros Skylakakis; the party has no representation in the Hellenic European Parliament. Drassi is a member of the Alliance of Democrats for Europe party. Stefanos Manos left New Democracy in 1999 to found The Liberals, before running on ND and Panhellenic Socialist Movement electoral lists in 2000 and 2004 respectively. Unlike The Liberals, Drassi was not founded as an expressly liberal party, but claims to espouse "common sense" as an ideological basis. In its first contested election, the 2009 European elections, Drassi finished ninth with 0.8% of the vote. It subsequently did not participate in the general election in October 2009. In the May 2012 legislative election, Drassi ran in electoral alliance with the Liberal Alliance, it won 1.8% of the vote finishing twelfth overall, directly behind the Democratic Alliance and Recreate Greece, which both had similar liberal ideologies to Drassi.
Ahead of new elections in June 2012 legislative election and the Liberal Alliance formed an electoral pact with Recreate Greece, while the Democratic Alliance, which they had approached, refused to join them and ran on the New Democracy list instead. In the 2014 European elections, Drassi ran in electoral alliance with Recreate Greece. On 5 January 2015, Drassi's leader Skylakakis and the leader of The River party, Stavros Theodorakis, gave a press conference announcing a joint electoral list for the January 2015 legislative election. On 3 September 2015, Drassi decided to again support The River in the upcoming snap September 2015 legislative election. Drassi is in favor of a small and flexible government through the decrease of the portion of Greek government expenses the party considers unnecessary. Moreover, the party supports privatizations of public assets, using the proceeds for the repayment of undervalued Greek debt in secondary capital markets. Drassi has been described by the media as a "pro-business-party" supporting free-market reforms.
* In alliance with Liberal Alliance** In alliance with Recreate Greece and Liberal Alliance*** In alliance with Recreate Greece Official website
The Coalition of the Radical Left known by the syllabic abbreviation Syriza is a political party in Greece founded in 2004 as a coalition of left-wing and radical left parties. It is the largest party in the Hellenic Parliament, with party chairman Alexis Tsipras serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 26 January 2015 to 20 August 2015 and from 21 September 2015 to present; the party colours are red and purple. Although Syriza was launched before the 2004 legislative election, the roots of the process that led to its formation can be traced back to the Space for Dialogue for the Unity and Common Action of the Left in 2001; the Space was composed of various organizations of the Greek Left that despite different ideological and historical backgrounds had shared common political action in several important issues that had arisen in Greece at the end of the 1990s, such as the Kosovo War and social and civil rights. The Space provided the common ground from which the participating parties could work together on issues such as: Against the neoliberal reform of the pension and social security systems Opposition to new anti-terrorism legislation The preparation of the Greek participation at the 2001 international demonstration in Genoa.
Review the role of the European Union and redetermine Greece's position in it. Though the Space was not a political organization, but rather an effort to bring together the parties and organizations that attended, it gave birth to some electoral alliances for the local elections of 2002, the most successful being the one led by Manolis Glezos for the super-prefecture of Athens-Piraeus; the Space provided the common ground from which several of the member parties and organizations launched the Greek Social Forum, part of the larger European Social Forum. The defining moment for the birth of Syriza came with the legislative election of 2004. Most of the participants of the Space sought to develop a common platform that could lead to an electoral alliance; this led to the eventual formation of the Coalition of the Radical Left, in January 2004. The parties that had formed the Coalition of the Radical Left in January 2004 were the: Coalition of Left, of Movements and Ecology Renewing Communist Ecological Left Internationalist Workers Left Movement for the United in Action Left Active Citizens Other independent left-wing groups or activistsAlthough the Communist Organisation of Greece had participated in the Space, it decided not to take part in the Coalition.
In the election, the coalition elected six members to parliament. All six were members of the largest of the coalition parties; this led to much tension within the coalition. After the 2004 election, the smaller parties accused Synaspismós of not honoring an agreement to have one of its members of parliament resign so that Yannis Banias of the AKOA could take his seat. Tension built up and resulted in the split of the Internationalist Workers Left and the formation of Kokkino, both of which remained within the coalition; the frame of the crisis within SYRIZA was the reluctance of Synaspismós to adopt and maintain the political agreement for a clear denial of "centre-left politics". Three months after the 2004 legislative elections, Synaspismós chose to run independently from the rest of the coalition for the 2004 European elections and some of the smaller parties of the coalition supported the feminist Women for Another Europe list; the crisis ended in December 2004 with the 4th convention of Synaspismós, when a large majority within the party voted for the continuation of the coalition.
This change of attitude was further intensified with the election of Alekos Alavanos, a staunch supporter of the coalition, as president of Synaspismós, after its former leader, Nikos Konstantopoulos, stepped down. The coalition was further strengthened by the organization in May 2006 of the 4th European Social Forum in Athens, by a number of successful election campaigns, such as those in Athens and Piraeus, during the 2006 local elections; the coalition ticket in the municipality of Athens was headed by Alexis Tsipras, proposed by Alavanos who declared Synaspismós' "opening to the new generation". On 16 September 2007, Syriza gained 5.0% of the vote in the 2007 Greek legislative election. Opinion polls had indicated that the Coalition was expected to make significant gains in the election, with predictions ranging from 4% to 5% of the electorate. Prior to the election, on 22 June, the participating parties had agreed on a common declaration; the signed Declaration of the Coalition of the Radical Left outlined the common platform on which the Coalition would compete in the following election and outlined the basis for the political alliance.
The Coalition of 2007 has expanded from its original composition in 2004. On 20 June 2007, the Communist Organization of Greece announced its participation into the Coalition. On 21 August the environmentalist Ecological Intervention joined, on 22 August 2007, the Democratic Social Movement announced its participation in the Coalition. On 2 September, the Areios Pagos refused to include the title of DIKKI in the Syriza electoral alliance, claiming th
Central Greece (region)
Central Greece is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece. The region occupies the eastern half of the traditional region of Central Greece, including the island of Euboea. To the south it borders the regions of Attica and the Peloponnese, to the west the region of West Greece and to the north the regions of Thessaly and Epirus, its capital city is Lamia. The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, its powers and authority were extended. Along with Thessaly, it is supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Thessaly and Central Greece based at Larissa; the region is based at Lamia and is divided into five regional units, Euboea, Evrytania and Phthiotis, which are further subdivided into 25 municipalities. The region's current governor is Kostas Bakoyannis of the New Democracy party, assuming office from Klearchos Pergantas, elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the PASOK party. Biggest towns in each regional unit, according to the census of 2001: Official website
The Ecologists Greens are a Greek Green ecologist political party. It has existed since 2002, yet the ecologist movement in Greece dates many years and was characterised by a reluctance to become involved in the political scene, they are a member of the European Green party. The Ecological Forum, the body that lead to the establishment of the party, was founded after a proposal of the local group Ecological Movement of Thessaloniki, brought together the political party "Green Politics", the previous Greek member of the European Green Party, with other local ecological groups and independent ecologists. On 7–8 December 2002, the Ecological Forum called for a conference that convened in the building of the Athens Lawyer Association, it decided to establish the Ecologists Greens and elected an 18-member council to coordinate the establishment of a new political entity. In the coming months, focus groups were created to shape the constitution and the political positions of the body, which were adopted by the first congress of the party in May 2003 at Panteion University.
The 2004 Ecologists Greens participated for the first time in elections 2004 European Elections with Michalis Tremopoulos in the top of the list and they received 0.67%. In the prefectural elections of 2006, the Ecologists Greens supported the "Ecology -Solidarity" in Thessaloniki, that won 4.6% and acquired 2 seats on the Prefecture Council of Thessaloniki, the "Eco-Athens" in the municipality of Athens, that took 1.4% of the votes, as well as 53 other municipal and County sets in rest of the country. At its 5th Congress in March 2007, the party decided to contest the 2007 Greek legislative election. Nanos Valaoritis, a distinguished living Greek poet, became the party's leading candidate in the 2007 Greek legislative election. During 29 & 30 of March 2008 the annual congress of the party took place in Athens at the Gini building of the National Technical University of Athens; the annual congress is the highest political entity of the party and was attended by a record of 235 members. Members of the party are reaching 700.
With the 2007 Greek legislative election, its first general election, the party became the sixth largest party in Greece and the largest party without parliamentary representation. In the December 6-7-8 Party General Assembly it was decided to contest the 2009 European Elections and the list of party candidates was elected; the Ecologists Greens managed to elect Michalis Tremopoulos as MEP, but they narrowly failed to gain representation in the following national elections in October 2009. Their share of the vote increased to 2.53% gaining 100,000 more votes than in 2007. In January 2015, the Ecologists Greens decided to collaborate with SYRIZA. Alexis Tsipras' called for unity against the Memorandum and the Ecologists Greens decided to support SYRIZA's electoral list for the upcoming legislative election. One Ecologist Green MP was elected on the SYRIZA ticket, Giorgos Dimaras, an Ecologist Green, Giannis Tsironis, was appointed Alternate Minister of Environment and Energy in the first Tsipras Cabinet.
Giorgos Dimaras was reelected and Giannis Tsironis was elected for the first time. Tsironis was reappointed Alternate Minister of Environment in the second Tsipras cabinet on 23 September 2015. On the September 2018 cabinet reshuffle, Giorgos Dimaras was appointed Vice Minister of Environment; the basic principles of the Ecologists Greens, as determined by their constitution are: sustainability, social justice, nonviolence and participatory democracy, respect for diversity and subsidiarity, protect and restore natural ecosystems, the quality of life, personal & social responsibility and anti-austerity. European Green Party Official web site European Green Party profile of the party
Maria Georgiou Giannakaki is a Greek politician, former Democratic Left MP and current secretary general at the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. She grew up in Nice, she studied Classics and Political Sciences at the University of Athens and graduated in ParisShe was a founding member of the Democratic Left and a member of the Central Committee of the party. Was elected MP with the Democratic Left in the June 2012 elections. In the regional elections of 2014 she was a candidate for the Attica Regional Council with the combination of "Intervention for Attica - Democratic Ecological Movement", supported by the Democratic Left and Ecologist Greens, she was elected regional councilor with 28,601 votes and 1.76%. At the 4th Congress of the Democratic Left in June 2015 she was the party's presidential candidate, she came second behind Thanasis Theocharopoulos taking 241 votes. She left the Democratic Left in August 2015 because of his disagreement with the party's decision to vote with PASOK. Since December 2016 she has been General Secretary for Transparency and Human Rights at the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights.
In June 2017, as Secretary-General of Transparency and Human Rights, she drafted the amendment to Laws 187 and 187A. This amendment was attempted to be passed by an amendment to a bill, irrelevant to the Penal Code, while it was criticized as an attempt to criminalize public discourse; this amendment was withdrawn temporarily for further processing