Antalya is the fifth most populous city in Turkey and the capital of its eponymous province. The city that is now Antalya was first settled around 200 BC by the Attalid dynasty of Pergamon, Roman rule saw Antalya thrive, including the construction of several new monuments, such as Hadrians Gate, and the proliferation of neighboring cities. The city has changed several times, including to the Byzantine Empire in 1207. Ottoman rule brought peace and stability for the next five hundred years. The city was transferred to Italian suzerainty in the aftermath of World War I, Antalya is Turkeys biggest international sea resort, located on the Turkish Riviera. Large-scale development and governmental funding has promoted tourism, a record 12.5 million tourists passed through the city in 2014. Antalya was the host city for the 2015 G-20 summit and the EXPO2016, in 2015, the population was 2.288 million. The city was founded as Attaleia, named after its founder Attalos II and this name, still in use in Greek, was evolved in Turkish as Adalia and Antalya.
Attaleia was the name of a festival at Delphi and Attalis was the name of an old Greek tribe at Athens, despite the close similarity, there is no relationship to the name Anatolia. King Attalus II of Pergamon is looked on as founder of the city in about 150 BC and it was named Attaleia or Attalia in his honour. The city served as a base for Attalus powerful fleet. Excavations in 2008, in the Doğu Garajı plot, uncovered remains dating to the 3rd century BC, suggesting that Attalea was a rebuilding and expansion of an earlier town. Attalea became part of the Roman Republic in 133 BC when Attalus III, the city grew and prospered during the Ancient Roman period and was part of the Roman province of Pamphylia Secunda, whose capital was Perga. And when they had spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia, some of the bishops attributed to the episcopal see of Attalea in Pamphylia may instead have been bishops of Attalea in Lydia, since Lequien lists them under both sees. No longer a residential bishopric, Attalea in Pamphylia is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see, the 13th-century Seljuk mosque at Attalea, now in ruins, had been a Christian Byzantine basilica from the 7th century.
The Great Mosque had been a Christian basilica and the Kesik Minare Mosque had been the 5th-century Christian Church of the Panaghia or Virgin and was decorated with carved marble. Antalya was a city in the Byzantine Empire. It was the capital of the Byzantine Theme of the Cibyrrhaeots, besides the local merchants, one could expect to see Armenians, Saracens and Italians
Mark Simon Cavendish MBE is a British professional road racing cyclist who currently rides for UCI ProTeam Team Dimension Data. As a track cyclist he specialises in the madison, points race, as a road cyclist, Cavendish turned professional in 2005, and achieved a record eleven wins in his first professional season. Cavendish has won thirty Tour de France stages, putting him second on the all-time list and he won the road race at the 2011 road world championships, becoming the second British rider to do so after Tom Simpson in 1965. Other notable wins include the 2009 Milan–San Remo classic and the classification in all three of the grand tours, the 2010 Vuelta a España, the 2011 Tour de France. In 2012 he became the first person to win the final Champs-Élysées stage in the Tour de France in four consecutive years, in the Queens Birthday Honours 2011, Cavendish was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire for services to British Cycling. He won the 2011 BBC Sports Personality of the Year Award, Cavendish was born in Douglas, Isle of Man, the son of David from the Isle, and Adele from Yorkshire, England.
He began riding BMX at an age, racing at the National Sports Centre in Douglas. He said, I was always riding a bike, getting dropped in little races and my mum would laugh at me, and I said it was because all my mates had mountain bikes, so I asked for a mountain bike for my thirteenth birthday and got one. The very next day I went out and beat everyone and it was at that time that Cavendish met David Millar at a race on the Isle of Man. Cavendish said he was inspired by Millar, Cavendish worked in a bank for two years after leaving school to earn enough money for an attempt at a professional career. He won two medals at the 2003 Island Games. He won gold in the madison with Rob Hayles at the 2005 track world championships in Los Angeles and they had not raced together before. They finished one lap ahead of the field to claim the medal, ahead of the Dutch and Belgian teams. Cavendish won the 2005 European championship points race, Cavendish turned professional in 2005 with Team Sparkasse. He rode the Tour de Berlin and Tour of Britain, Cavendish began 2006 with the Continental team, Team Sparkasse, a feeder squad for T-Mobile Team.
In June, he won two stages and the points and sprint competitions in the Tour de Berlin and he rode for the Isle of Man on the track at the Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, riding the scratch race. He lapped the field with three others, Rob Hayles, Ashley Hutchinson of Australia, and James McCallum of Scotland, Hayles led him out for the sprint to win gold for the Isle of Man. The race time was 2325, an average 51.9 km/h and his success at the Tour de Berlin led to a post as a stagiaire with T-Mobile Team from August until the end of the season
Presidential Cycling Tour of Turkey
Presidential Cycling Tour of Turkey is a professional road bicycle racing stage race held annually in Turkey. From 2006 it was rated as a 2.2 event, before being upgraded to 2.1 in 2008, - Red Jersey – Worn by the leader of the climbing classification. - White Jersey – Worn by the leader of overral ranking of Beauty of Turkey, - Green Jersey – Worn by the leader of the sprints classification
Marmaris is a port town and tourist resort on the Mediterranean coast, located in Muğla Province, southwest Turkey, along the shoreline of the Turkish Riviera. Marmaris main source of income is tourism, in 2010 the towns population was 30,957, and peaks at around 300,000 to 400,000 people during the tourist season. It is a centre for sailing and diving, possessing two major and several smaller marinas and it is a popular wintering location for hundreds of cruising boaters, being served by the nearby Dalaman Airport. Marmaris has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate characterised by a hot dry summer and rain are very unlikely between May and October. Summers are hot and dry, and temperatures are high during the heatwaves in July. October is still warm and bright, though with spells of rain, winter is the rainy season, with major precipitation falling after November. The annual rainfall can reach to 1,232.7 milimetres, although it is not certain when Marmaris was founded, in the 6th century BC the site was known as Physkos and considered part of Caria.
According to the historian Herodotus, there had been a castle on the site since 3000 BC, in 334 BC, Caria was invaded by Alexander the Great and the castle of Physkos was besieged. The 600 inhabitants of the town realised that they had no chance against the invading army, the invaders, well aware of the strategic value of the castle, repaired the destroyed sections to house a few hundred soldiers before the main army returned home. In the mid-fifteenth century, Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror conquered and united the tribes and kingdoms of Anatolia and the Balkans. The Knights of St. John, based in Rhodes had fought the Ottoman Turks for many years, when sultan Suleiman the Magnificent set out for the conquest of Rhodes, Marmaris served as a base for the Ottoman Navy and Marmaris Castle was rebuilt from scratch in 1522. Lord Nelson and his entire fleet sheltered in the harbour of Marmaris in 1798, in 1958, Marmaris was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake. Only the Marmaris Castle, and the buildings surrounding the fortress were left undamaged.
Since 1979, renovation work has been continuing at the castle, under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, the castle was converted into a museum. The largest is used as a hall, the courtyard is decorated with seasonal flowers. Built at the time as the castle in the bazaar. Nimara Cave is a cave on Heaven Island near Marmaris, since ancient times, the cave was used as a place of worship. According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, human presence in the cave, excavations carried out by the Municipality of Marmaris in 2007 extended this period to almost 12,000 years back
Colombia (cycling team)
Colombia are a Colombian UCI Professional Continental cycling team based in Adro that participates in UCI Continental Circuits and UCI World Tour races. In January 2012, it was announced that the team had received invites to the Italian classic races Tirreno–Adriatico, Milan–San Remo and they were invited to ride the 2013 Giro dItalia. In 2015 they were invited to the Vuelta a España for the first time. At 30 August it became clear that Cano, Qunitero and Ávila who all cycle for Team Colombia, was picked out for Colombia National Team at the 2015 UCI Road World Championships in Richmond, Virginia. In October 2015, the announced they would be disbanding and not returning for the 2016 season. 2014 1st Colombian Road Race Miguel Ángel Rubiano Official website
UAE Team Emirates
UAE Team Emirates is an Emirati road bicycle racing team. The team is a member of the UCI ProTour, and has been since the tour was formed as the top category of road cycling in 2005, however the team was temporarily suspended from the ProTour in 2010, missing one ProTour event. The team consists mostly of Italian riders, general manager Giuseppe Saronni was himself a professional cyclist. Following the tradition at Saeco, the team is known for its publicity stunts. In the 2005 Giro dItalia the team engaged in a press campaign Battaile dItalia featuring their co-captains Gilberto Simoni, during a rest day of the Giro, the team elected to visit the Monza race track for a photo-op and some training sessions. For the 2013 season the team no longer be using Wilier bikes. Although Wilier had been contracted through to the end of the 2013 season, they cited that Lampre broke the terms and conditions of the contract, former Saunier Duval–Prodir team manager Mauro Gianetti was announced as the co-ordinator for the project.
However when the UCI awarded 17 WorldTour licences to teams in November, according to Saronni, the reason for the delay was that the head of the TJ Sport project, Li Zhiqiang, had fallen seriously ill, which prevented funding for the project from being confirmed. As a result the team looked elsewhere for sponsorship, securing funding from the United Arab Emirates, the UCI confirmed the teams WorldTour licence on 20 December. In February 2017, the announced that arline Emirates had signed on with the team as a naming-rights sponsor. The team will subsequently be known as, UAE Team Emirates
Jay McCarthy is an Australian racing cyclist, who currently rides for Bora–Hansgrohe. He finished in 91st place in the 2014 Giro dItalia, in 2015, McCarthy showed promise by reaping a third place in the overall classification of the Tour of Turkey thanks to good placings in the mountains. He was named in the start list for the 2015 Vuelta a España, in October 2016 he was announced as a member of the Bora–Hansgrohe squad for 2017, with a focus on short stage races and punchy one day classics. Jay McCarthy profile at Cycling Archives Jay McCarthy profile at ProCyclingStats
Dimension Data (cycling team)
Team Dimension Data for Qhubeka is a World Tour cycling team based in South Africa. Until 2016 it was known as MTN–Qhubeka, the teams name reflects that whilst it is sponsored by Dimension Data Holdings it is organised by the Qhubeka Foundation, the World Bicycle Relief’s charity programme in South Africa. The team was founded in 2007, becoming a Continental Team in 2008, the team remained as a UCI Continental Team until the end of the 2012 season, with the team registering its interest for a Professional Continental licence for 2013. In November 2012, the team were registered as a Professional Continental team – Africas first – by the Union Cycliste Internationale, the team achieved their first major win in 2013 when Gerald Ciolek won Milan-San Remo, one of the 5 Monuments of cycling. The team received their first Grand Tour wildcard for the 2014 Vuelta a España, in July 2014, the team announced that for the 2015 season they would be using Cervélo bikes with Brian Smith being appointed interim general manager.
In August 2014, the confirmed the signing of Edvald Boasson Hagen on a 2-year contract. In September 2014 the team announced they had signed Tyler Farrar, steve Cummings brought the team their first stage win of the Tour, stage 14 on Mandela Day. The teams second Grand Tour stage victory came the month at the 2015 Vuelta a España. Daniel Teklehaimanot made history in the 2015 Tour de France when he spent four days in the race’s polka-dot jersey, becoming not only the first Eritrean but the first African to wear that jersey. The success brought him to the attention of the cycling world. Teklehaimanot is now looking for his debut Grand Tour victory, in July 2015, MTN announced they would end their sponsorship of the team. Two months later, Dimension Data was announced as the new primary sponsor. The new team name would be Team Dimension Data for Quebeka, the change came at the same time as rumours were circulating that Mark Cavendish and his lead-out man Mark Renshaw were about to sign with the team for the 2016 season.
In November 2015 the team announced that Rolf Aldag had been appointed as the teams Performance Manager with immediate effect, following Cavendish and Renshaw from Etixx–Quick-Step