2016 NFL season
|Duration||September 8, 2016– January 1, 2017|
|Start date||January 7, 2017|
|AFC Champions||New England Patriots|
|NFC Champions||Atlanta Falcons|
|Super Bowl LI|
|Date||February 5, 2017|
|Site||NRG Stadium, Houston, Texas|
|Champions||New England Patriots|
|Date||January 29, 2017|
|Site||Camping World Stadium, Orlando, Florida|
The 2016 NFL season was the 97th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL), began on September 8, 2016, with the defending Super Bowl 50 champion Denver Broncos defeating the Carolina Panthers 21–20 in the NFL Kickoff Game. The season concluded with Super Bowl LI, the league's championship game on February 5, 2017, at NRG Stadium in Houston, Texas with the New England Patriots defeating the Atlanta Falcons 34–28 in overtime.
For the first time since the Houston Oilers relocated to Tennessee in 1997,[note 1] an NFL team relocated to another state, as the former St. Louis Rams moved out of St. Louis, Missouri and returned to Los Angeles, California, its home from 1946 to 1994. For the first time since the 2003 NFL season, neither of the previous season's Super Bowl participants made the playoffs.
The 2016 season was also the last season for the San Diego Chargers after playing in San Diego for fifty-six years before their return to the city of Los Angeles for 2017, where the franchise was based in for their first season in 1960.
- 1 Player movements and retirements
- 2 Regular season
- 3 In-season scheduling changes
- 4 Regular season standings
- 5 Postseason
- 6 Notable events
- 7 Rule changes
- 8 Records, milestones, and notable statistics
- 9 Head coach/front office personnel changes
- 10 Awards
- 11 Stadiums
- 11.1 Atlanta Falcons
- 11.2 Minnesota Vikings
- 11.3 Relocation of the Rams from St. Louis to Los Angeles
- 11.4 Naming rights agreements
- 11.5 Field surface changes
- 12 New uniforms and patches
- 13 Media
- 14 Television viewers and ratings
- 15 Attendance statistics
- 16 Notes
- 17 References
- 18 External links
Player movements and retirements
The 2016 NFL league year began on March 9, 2016 at 4:00 p.m. ET, on March 7 clubs started to contact and enter into contract negotiations with the certified agents of players who became unrestricted free agents upon the expiration of their 2015 contracts two days later. On March 9, clubs exercised options for 2016 on players who have option clauses in their 2015 contracts, submitted qualifying offers to their restricted free agents with expiring contracts and to whom desire to retain a Right of Refusal/Compensation, submitted a Minimum Salary Tender to retain exclusive negotiating rights to their players with expiring 2015 contracts and who have fewer than three accrued season of free agent credit, and teams were required to be under the salary cap, using the "Top-51" definition (in which the 51 highest-paid players on the team's payroll must have a collective salary cap hit below the actual cap). All 2015 players contracts expired and trading period for 2016 begin.
A total of 496 players were eligible for some form of free agency at the beginning of the free agency period; in addition, a number of highly paid players were released after the start of the league year to allow their teams to regain space under the salary cap. Among the high-profile players who changed teams via free agency were cornerbacks Josh Norman (from Panthers to Redskins), Janoris Jenkins (Rams to Giants), Prince Amukamara (Giants to Jaguars), Sean Smith (from Chiefs to Raiders) and Casey Hayward (Packers to Chargers); safeties Eric Weddle (Chargers to Ravens), Rodney McLeod (Rams to Eagles) and Tashaun Gipson (Browns to Jaguars); defensive ends Malik Jackson (Broncos to Jaguars) and Olivier Vernon (Dolphins to Giants); defensive tackles Damon Harrison (Jets to Giants) and Brandon Mebane (Seahawks to Chargers); linebackers Danny Trevathan (Broncos to Bears), Demario Davis (Jets to Browns) and Bruce Irvin (Seahawks to Raiders); offensive tackles Mitchell Schwartz (Browns to Chiefs), Donald Stephenson (Chiefs to Broncos), Bobby Massie (Cardinals to Bears) and Russell Okung (Seahawks to Broncos); guards Kelechi Osemele (Ravens to Raiders), J. R. Sweezy (Seahawks to Buccaneers) and Alex Boone (49ers to Vikings); center Alex Mack (Browns to Falcons); tight ends Benjamin Watson (Saints to Ravens) and Coby Fleener (Colts to Saints); wide receivers Rishard Matthews (Dolphins to Titans) Travis Benjamin (Browns to Chargers), Marvin Jones (Bengals to Lions) and Mohamed Sanu (Bengals to Falcons); running backs Lamar Miller (Dolphins to Texans), Matt Forte (Bears to Jets), Alfred Morris (Redskins to Cowboys), and Chris Ivory (Jets to Jaguars); and quarterbacks Brock Osweiler (Broncos to Texans) and Robert Griffin III (Redskins to Browns).
- On March 9, the Philadelphia Eagles traded cornerback Byron Maxwell, linebacker Kiko Alonso, and a 2016 first-round draft pick to the Miami Dolphins in exchange for a 2016 first-round draft pick.
- On March 9, the Philadelphia Eagles traded running back DeMarco Murray along with a 2016 fourth-round draft pick to the Tennessee Titans in exchange for a 2016 fourth-round draft pick.
- On March 11, the Philadelphia Eagles traded quarterback Mark Sanchez to the Denver Broncos in exchange for a conditional 2017 seventh-round draft pick.
- On March 15, the New England Patriots traded Pro Bowl defensive end Chandler Jones to the Arizona Cardinals in exchange for guard Jonathan Cooper and a 2016 second-round draft pick.
- On March 16, the Chicago Bears traded tight end Martellus Bennett along with a 2016 sixth-round draft pick to the New England Patriots in exchange for a 2016 fourth-round draft pick.
- On April 9, the Denver Broncos traded offensive tackle Ryan Clady and a 2016 seventh-round draft pick to the New York Jets in exchange for a 2016 fifth-round draft pick.
- On August 16, the Tennessee Titans traded wide receiver Dorial Green-Beckham to the Philadelphia Eagles in exchange for G/T Dennis Kelly.
- On September 3, the Philadelphia Eagles traded quarterback Sam Bradford to the Minnesota Vikings for a 2017 first-round draft pick and conditional 2018 fourth-round draft pick.
- On October 31, the New England Patriots traded linebacker Jamie Collins to the Cleveland Browns for a conditional 2017 third-round draft pick.
- Oakland Raiders' defensive back Charles Woodson announced he would retire from professional football at the end of the 2015 season on December 21, 2015. He played eighteen seasons, starting with the Raiders for eight seasons and after spending seven with the Green Bay Packers, he returned to the Raiders for his final three seasons, he was the AP NFL Defensive Player of the Year for the 2009 season and is tied with Rod Woodson and Darren Sharper for most career defensive touchdowns with 13.
- Seattle Seahawks' running back Marshawn Lynch announced his retirement from professional football on February 7, 2016. Lynch played nine seasons, four of them with the Buffalo Bills and five of them with the Seahawks. Lynch was a five-time Pro Bowler, led the league in rushing touchdowns two seasons (2013–2014), co-led in total touchdowns one season (2014), and won a championship title with the Seahawks in Super Bowl XLVIII. Lynch would return to the NFL as a member of the Oakland Raiders the following year.
- Carolina Panthers' defensive end Jared Allen announced his retirement from professional football on February 18, 2016. Allen played twelve seasons, his first four with the Kansas City Chiefs, then six with the Minnesota Vikings, and spent his last two seasons with the Chicago Bears and Carolina Panthers. A five-time Pro Bowl and four-time All-Pro selection, Allen tallied 136 quarterback sacks during his career. In 2011, Allen had 22 sacks but fell 0.5 sacks short of the single season NFL record held by former New York Giants' defensive end Michael Strahan.
- Denver Broncos' quarterback Peyton Manning announced his retirement from professional football on March 7, 2016, exactly one month after the Broncos defeated the Panthers in Super Bowl 50. Manning played in the NFL for seventeen seasons — the first thirteen with the Indianapolis Colts (1998–2010), before missing the entire 2011 season due to recovery from neck surgery, then played the last four seasons of his career with the Denver Broncos (2012–2015). Manning appeared in four Super Bowls (two with Indianapolis, two with Denver) and won one with each team — Super Bowl XLI and Super Bowl 50.
- Detroit Lions' wide receiver Calvin Johnson announced his retirement from professional football, one day after Manning on March 8, 2016. Johnson played his entire nine-year career with the Lions, including six Pro Bowl selections and three First Team All-Pro selections, he also set a single-season record for receiving yards in 2012 with 1,964.
- Carolina Panthers' cornerback Charles Tillman announced his retirement from professional football on July 18, 2016. Tillman, nicknamed "Peanut", spent the first twelve years of his NFL career with the Chicago Bears (2003–2014), before signing with the Panthers in 2015. Tillman was a two-time Pro Bowler, and forced 42 fumbles during his first twelve seasons, the most of any defensive back since the statistic was first recorded in 1984.
- Miami Dolphins' wide receiver Greg Jennings announced his retirement from professional football on July 25, 2016. Jennings spent his first seven seasons with the Packers and was a member of their 2010 championship team that won Super Bowl XLV, he then spent his remaining three seasons with the Minnesota Vikings and Miami Dolphins, respectively. Jennings was a two-time Pro Bowler.
- Miami Dolphins' running back Arian Foster announced his retirement from professional football on October 25, 2016. Foster spent the first seven seasons of his career with the Houston Texans from 2009–2015, but played only four games with the Dolphins in 2016. Foster was plagued by injuries in the last two seasons of his career, including a ruptured Achilles tendon in 2015. Foster is the Texans' franchise leader in rushing yards, rushing touchdowns, rushing yards in a single season (a league-leading 1,616 in 2010), most rushing touchdowns in a single season and became the first player in NFL history to have 100+ rushing yards in his first three postseason games.
- Tennessee Titans' wide receiver Andre Johnson announced his retirement from professional football on October 31, 2016. Johnson gave the announcement just six days after former Texans' teammate Arian Foster announced his. Johnson spent 12 seasons with the Houston Texans from 2003–2014, he was a 7-time Pro Bowler, 2-time First Team All-Pro, and a 2-time Second Team All-Pro. He led the league in receiving yards in 2008 and 2009 with the Texans before becoming the highest paid wide receiver in NFL history in 2010. Johnson played 16 games with the Indianapolis Colts, catching 41 passes for only 503 yards in 2015, he joined the Titans in 2016 and played in eight games before retiring after Week 8. Johnson is the Texans' franchise leader in career receptions, career receiving yards, career receiving touchdowns, and has the most starts as a Texan at 169.
The 2016 regular season featured 256 games which were played out over a seventeen-week schedule beginning on Thursday, September 8, 2016, each of the league's 32 teams played a 16-game schedule, with one bye week for each team scheduled between weeks 4–13. The slate also featured games on Monday night. There were games played on Thursday, including the National Football League Kickoff game in prime time on September 8 and games on Thanksgiving Day. The regular season concluded with a full slate of 16 games on Sunday, January 1, 2017, all of which were intra-divisional matchups, as it has been since 2010.
- Scheduling formula
Under the NFL's current scheduling formula, each team played each of the other three teams in its own division twice; in addition, a team played against all four teams in one other division from each conference. The final two games on a team's schedule were against the two teams in the team's own conference in the two divisions the team was not set to play which finished the previous season in the same rank in their division (e.g. the team which finished first in its division the previous season played each other team in its conference that also finished first in its respective division). The pre-set division pairings for 2016 were:
Highlights of the 2016 schedule included:
- NFL Kickoff Game: The 2016 season began on Thursday, September 8, 2016, with a rematch of the previous Super Bowl. The defending Super Bowl 50 champions, the Denver Broncos, hosted the Carolina Panthers at 8:30 p.m. ET on NBC. This was the first time since the Kickoff game was established that it was a rematch of the previous Super Bowl and the first such meeting of both Super Bowl participants during the first week of the next season since the 1970 season when the Minnesota Vikings and Kansas City Chiefs held a rematch of Super Bowl IV to kick off the new post-merger era of the National Football League. The Broncos debuted Trevor Siemian as their new starting quarterback; Siemian had been the Broncos' third-string quarterback and ascended to the starting position after Peyton Manning, their starting quarterback for the 2012 through 2015 seasons, retired following Super Bowl 50, and second-stringer Brock Osweiler left as a free agent for the Houston Texans. The Broncos rallied from a ten-point deficit to win 21–20.
- International Series: Four games were played internationally this season. Three of the games were played in London, England and the fourth was played in Mexico City, Mexico, the Jacksonville Jaguars played host to the Indianapolis Colts on October 2 at Wembley Stadium, marking the fourth of at least eight consecutive years in which the Jaguars will host a game in London; the previously winless Jaguars won, 30–27. On October 23, in the first-ever NFL game at Twickenham Stadium also in London, the Los Angeles Rams hosted the New York Giants, with the Giants winning 17–10. The Cincinnati Bengals played host to the Washington Redskins on October 30 at Wembley Stadium in London and the game became the first London game to both go into overtime and end in a tie, with the final score tied at 27. Finally, on Monday, November 21, the Oakland Raiders hosted the Houston Texans at Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, in the first-ever Monday night game to be played outside of the United States and the second regular-season contest to be held in Mexico (the first being the 2005 Fútbol Americano contest), with the Raiders winning 27–20.
- Thanksgiving Day games: As has been the case since 2006, three games were played on Thursday, November 24, 2016. The Detroit Lions hosted the Minnesota Vikings, the Dallas Cowboys hosted the Washington Redskins, and the evening game, the first Thanksgivng game to feature teams from the AFC since 2013, featured the Indianapolis Colts hosting the Pittsburgh Steelers.
- Christmas Day games: Christmas Day, December 25, fell on a Sunday in 2016. When that occurs (most recently in 2011), the Sunday afternoon games were moved to Saturday, Christmas Eve, this year, two games were shown nationally on Christmas Day — Ravens at Steelers at 4:30 p.m. EST on the NFL Network, and Broncos at Chiefs at 8:30 p.m. EST on NBC.
- New Year's Day Games: The NFL played a full slate of 16 games, all of which were intradivisional matchups, on Sunday, January 1, 2017, to conclude the regular season. The College Football Playoff played its semifinals on Saturday, December 31, 2016, while the other college bowl games were played on Monday, January 2, as is tradition when New Year's Day occurs on a Sunday; in contrast, the National Hockey League, which traditionally held its showcase Winter Classic on New Year's Day afternoon but moved that contest to Monday in 2012, did not cede the afternoon to the NFL in 2017; the NHL had scheduled the Centennial Classic opposite the NFL's regional games for January 1, in addition to the 2017 Winter Classic on January 2. Both host teams for the NHL outdoor games were in markets that did not have an NFL team: Toronto and St. Louis respectively. Toronto (other than its leasing the Buffalo Bills for one game a year from 2008 to 2013) has never held an NFL franchise of its own, while St Louis had lost the Rams during the previous offseason when they moved back to Los Angeles (St. Louis previously hosted the Cardinals from 1960–87).
The complete 2016 schedule was released on Thursday, April 14, 2016.
In-season scheduling changes
- Pro Football Hall of Fame Game: The 2016 edition of the preseason Hall of Fame Game, between the Packers and the Colts, was canceled due to unsafe playing conditions at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium in Canton, Ohio, caused by the use of improper paints applied to the field to create the Hall of Fame logo and other markings.
- Week 8: The Packers–Falcons game, originally scheduled for 1:00 p.m. ET, was switched to 4:25 p.m. ET in place of the originally-scheduled Cardinals–Panthers game, which was originally scheduled for 4:25 p.m. ET (both games still on Fox).
- Week 12: The Chiefs–Broncos game, originally scheduled for 4:25 p.m. ET on CBS, was flexed into the 8:30 p.m. ET slot on NBC's Sunday Night Football, in place of the originally-scheduled Patriots–Jets game, which was moved to 4:25 p.m. ET on CBS.
- Week 14: The Saints–Buccaneers game, originally scheduled for 1:00 p.m. ET, was switched to 4:25 p.m. ET, still on Fox, the Bears–Lions game was "cross-flexed" from Fox to CBS, still at 1:00 p.m. ET.
- Week 15: The Buccaneers–Cowboys game, originally scheduled for 1:00 p.m. ET on Fox, was flexed into the 8:30 p.m. ET slot on NBC's Sunday Night Football, in place of the originally-scheduled Steelers–Bengals game, which was moved to 1:00 p.m. ET on CBS.
- Week 16: The Buccaneers–Saints game, originally scheduled for 1:00 p.m. ET on Fox, was switched to 4:25 p.m. ET (still on Fox).
- Week 17: The Packers–Lions game, which was originally scheduled for 1:00 p.m. ET on Fox, was selected for the final NBC Sunday Night Football game, which for the second consecutive season decided the NFC North division champion. Also, the Saints–Falcons game and the Giants–Redskins game were moved from 1:00 p.m. ET to 4:25 p.m. ET, with both games still on Fox.
Regular season standings
|1||New England Patriots||East||14||2||0||.875||5–1||11–1||.439||.424||W7|
|2[a]||Kansas City Chiefs||West||12||4||0||.750||6–0||9–3||.508||.479||W2|
|Did not qualify for the playoffs|
|13[e]||New York Jets||East||5||11||0||.313||2–4||4–8||.518||.313||W1|
|14[e]||San Diego Chargers||West||5||11||0||.313||1–5||4–8||.543||.513||L5|
|4||Green Bay Packers||North||10||6||0||.625||5–1||8–4||.508||.453||W6|
|5||New York Giants||East||11||5||0||.688||4–2||8–4||.486||.455||W1|
|Did not qualify for the playoffs|
|7[a]||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||South||9||7||0||.563||4–2||7–5||.492||.434||W1|
|11[b]||New Orleans Saints||South||7||9||0||.438||2–4||6–6||.523||.393||L1|
|14||Los Angeles Rams||West||4||12||0||.250||2–4||3–9||.504||.500||L7|
|16||San Francisco 49ers||West||2||14||0||.125||2–4||2–10||.504||.250||L1|
The 2016 playoffs began on the weekend of January 7–8, 2017 with the Wild Card playoff round, the four winners of these playoff games visited the top two seeded teams in each conference in the Divisional round games, which were played on the weekend of January 14–15, 2017. The winners of those games advanced to the Conference championship games, which will be held on January 22, 2017, the 2017 Pro Bowl was held at the recently renovated Camping World Stadium (the former Citrus Bowl stadium) in Orlando, Florida on January 29, 2017 and aired on ESPN. Super Bowl LI was held on February 5, 2017 at NRG Stadium in Houston on Fox.
|Jan 8 – Heinz Field||Jan 15 – Arrowhead Stadium|
|3||Pittsburgh||30||Jan 22 – Gillette Stadium|
|Jan 7 – NRG Stadium||3||Pittsburgh||17|
|Jan 14 – Gillette Stadium|
|4||Houston||27||Feb 5 – NRG Stadium|
|Wild card playoffs|
|Jan 8 – Lambeau Field||A1||New England||34*|
|Jan 15 – AT&T Stadium|
|5||NY Giants||13||Super Bowl LI|
|4||Green Bay||38||Jan 22 – Georgia Dome|
|Jan 7 – CenturyLink Field||4||Green Bay||21|
|Jan 14 – Georgia Dome|
- * Indicates overtime victory
On April 25, 2016, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated New England Patriots' quarterback Tom Brady's four-game suspension for the 2016 regular season related to Deflategate; Brady dropped his appeal shortly thereafter and declined to take his case to the Supreme Court.
Dennis Green died July 21. Green was named the head coach of the Minnesota Vikings in 1992, becoming the second full-time black head coach in NFL history (Art Shell, who had been hired for the Los Angeles Raiders three years prior, was the first). Green spent ten years coaching the Vikings, eight of them being playoff seasons, but never made it to the Super Bowl, he then took over the Arizona Cardinals from 2004 to 2006, to much less success, most infamously in the Monday Night Meltdown, in which he let off a tirade after losing a game. Green had also spent time as an assistant coach with the San Francisco 49ers and as a broadcast commentator. Green was 67.
James "Buddy" Ryan died June 28. Ryan, a head coach and defensive coordinator who served with six NFL teams over the course of his career, was credited with inventing the 46 defense, his contributions to the game were considered crucial to helping the New York Jets secure an upset win in Super Bowl III and played a key role in the Chicago Bears' rout in Super Bowl XX. His sons, Rex and Rob, were both coaches with the Buffalo Bills at the time (a team the elder Ryan turned down a coaching offer from in the early years of his career). Ryan was 85.
Other notable deaths
Julius Adams, Caesar Belser, John Binotto, Cary Blanchard, Ron Brace, Clarence Brooks, Fred Bruney, Rudy Bukich, Dennis Byrd, Patrick Cain, Keion Carpenter, Gail Cogdill, Bruce DeHaven, David Douglas, Robert Eddins, Bill Glassford, Ken Gorgal, Quentin Groves, Bob Harrison, Joe Hergert, Winston Hill, Greg Horton, Gary Jeter, Paul Jetton, Curley Johnson, Ted Karras, Johnny Lattner, Jacky Lee, Mike McCoy, Joe McKnight, Ted Marchibroda, Andy Maurer, Lou Michaels, Lawrence Phillips, Chuck Pitcock, Fred Quillan, Konrad Reuland, Willie Richardson, Bill Robinson, Bryan Robinson, Leo Rucka, Rashaan Salaam, Will Smith, Bill Stanfill, Steve Thompson, Zurlon Tipton, Kevin Turner, Bill Wade, Fulton Walker, Tray Walker, Elmer Wingate, Al Wistert, John Wittenborn, George Yarno.
National anthem protests
In 2016, several professional athletes have protested the United States national anthem, the protests began in the NFL after San Francisco 49ers' quarterback Colin Kaepernick sat during the anthem, as opposed to the tradition of standing, before a preseason game.
The following rule changes were approved for the 2016 NFL season at the owners' meeting on March 22:
- Allowing the offensive and defensive play callers on the coaching staffs to use the coach-to-player communication system regardless of whether they are on the field or in the coaches' booth.
- Permanently adopting the extra-point rules enacted in the 2015 NFL season. Extra point kicks will be from the 15 yard line, and defenses can return blocked PAT's, fumbles or interceptions on two-point tries for a two-point defensive conversion.
- Outlaw all chop blocks anywhere on the field. Previously, the chop block was legal when an offensive lineman chops a defensive player "while the defensive player is physically engaged above the waist by the blocking attempt of another offensive teammate".
- Expand the definition of a "horse-collar tackle" to include tackles where a player is grabbed by the jersey at or above the name plate and dragged to the ground.
- Making the act of calling time-out when not permitted to do so subject to a delay-of-game penalty (5 yards).
- Changing from a five-yard penalty to a loss of down when a receiver goes out of bounds and comes back in to illegally touch a forward pass.
- Eliminating multiple spots of enforcement for a double foul committed after a change of possession.
The following changes were approved for only the 2016 NFL season at the owners' meeting on March 23. Both are subject to become permanent rules or scrapped for the 2017.
- Moving the touchback spot after kickoffs and other free kicks to the 25-yard line, similar to the NCAA rule adopted in the 2012 season (a touchback after a turnover or punt will still be placed on the 20-yard line). The goal for this rule change is to decrease the number of kickoff returns: kick returners may be more reluctant to bring the ball out from the end zone because of the greater risk of being tackled before reaching the 25-yard line. NFL officials concede that this may in fact increase kickoff returns because kickers may instead attempt to pin returners inside the 10-yard line.
- Players committing two unsportsmanlike conduct penalties in the same game will be automatically ejected from the game. This was in response to New York Giants wide receiver Odell Beckham Jr. committing three personal fouls in one game against the Carolina Panthers cornerback Josh Norman without being ejected. This change is being referred to as the "Odell Beckham Rule". NFL officials, however, concede that this new rule would not have ejected Beckham since he committed personal fouls and not unsportsmanlike conduct penalties.
The following changes to instant replay rules were approved for the 2016 NFL season at the owners' meeting on May 24:
- Refining what is a reviewable play, including the following:
- Plays involving possession.
- Plays involving touching of either the ball or the ground.
- Plays governed by the goal line.
- Plays governed by the boundary lines.
- Plays governed by the line of scrimmage.
- Plays governed by the line to gain (1st down).
- Number of players on the field at the snap.
- Game administration (which includes correct application of the playing rules, proper down, spot of the foul for penalty application, and game clock status (running clock, not running clock, end of period)
Additional rule updates made for the 2016 season include:
- Banning players from wearing hoodies under their uniform shirts. This was adopted in response to Green Bay Packers wide receiver James Jones using that style in the 2015 season, which hid his name plate under the hood.
- Banning any coaches except for the head coach from entering the field of play, and then only to check on an injured player. This was in response to the incident involving Pittsburgh Steelers assistant coach Joey Porter and several Cincinnati Bengals players, especially Adam Jones, during the 2015–16 NFL playoffs.
- If the coin does not flip (as it did during the 2015–16 NFL Playoff game between the Green Bay Packers and the Arizona Cardinals), during the pre-game or pre-OT toss, the Referee can re-toss the coin using the captain's original call.
- Practice squads can now have up to four players with two seasons of experience, an increase from the two players allowed the previous two years.
- Injury reports will no longer include the "probable" designation. The league had discouraged using the designation for anything beyond minor injuries after 2005 (in a game in which Michael Vick, listed as probable on the injury report, was also listed as inactive), to the point where almost all of the players who were being listed as probable ultimately played, the "questionable" category will now be broadened to include any injury that could possibly prevent a player from entering the game, while the "doubtful" category will likewise be generalized to include any player who is more likely to not play than play. Prior to 2016, each designation represented the approximate odds of the player seeing any playing time: 75 percent for probable, 50 percent for questionable and 25 percent for doubtful.
Records, milestones, and notable statistics
- Week 1
- Cam Newton scored his 44th career rushing touchdown, surpassing Steve Young for the most career rushing touchdowns by a quarterback in NFL history. Newton, who had scored a passing touchdown in the first quarter, also surpassed Young for the most career games with both a passing touchdown and a rushing touchdown by a quarterback in NFL history, with 32.
- Drew Brees tied Peyton Manning for the most 400-yard passing games in a career (17 overall, regular season and postseason combined) by a quarterback.
- Week 2
- Week 4
- Frank Gore surpassed Marshall Faulk for 10th place on the NFL's all-time rushing yards list.
- Matt Ryan and Julio Jones became the first quarterback/wide receiver duo in NFL history with 500+ passing yards and 300+ receiving yards in a single game.
- Matthew Stafford broke the NFL record previously held by Dan Marino for most passing yards in a quarterback's first 100 games, with 27,174.
- Week 5
- Bill Belichick won his 250th career game (including the post-season). He became the fourth head coach to reach this mark joining Don Shula (347 wins), George Halas (324) and Tom Landry (270).
- Week 6
- Dak Prescott broke the NFL record for most consecutive pass attempts without an interception to start a career, a record previously held by Tom Brady with 162 passes. He ran his streak to 176 pass attempts before throwing his first interception.
- Tom Brady became the fourth quarterback in NFL history to record 5,000 career pass completions, preceded by Brett Favre, Peyton Manning and Drew Brees.
- Drew Brees set an NFL record for the most regular season 400-yard passing games in a career by a quarterback with 15. Brees also became the sixth player to record 50,000 passing yards with one team, joining Peyton Manning (Colts), Brett Favre (Packers), Dan Marino (Dolphins), Tom Brady (Patriots) and John Elway (Broncos).
- Week 7
- Jay Ajayi rushed for 214 yards. With his 204-yard rushing output the week before, Ajayi became the fourth player in NFL history to rush for at least 200 yards in consecutive games, joining O.J. Simpson (who accomplished the feat twice), Earl Campbell and Ricky Williams.
- Adam Vinatieri set a new NFL record for most consecutive regular season field-goals made with 43, breaking the record that was held by Mike Vanderjagt. His streak ended at 44 after a miss in Week 11.
- Matt Ryan set an NFL record for the most consecutive games with at least 200 passing yards, with 46.
- Week 8
- The Redskins–Bengals match ended in a 27–27 tie. It was the first time an International Series game had ended in a tie (and the first ever such game to have gone into overtime), it was also the first time since 1997 where two games ended in a tie in the same season.
- The Raiders were penalized 23 times for 200 yards, setting a new NFL record for the most penalties against a team in a single game.
- Week 9
- The San Francisco 49ers set an NFL record for allowing an opponent’s running back to run for 100 or more yards in seven consecutive games.
- Week 10
- Stefon Diggs of the Minnesota Vikings became the first player in NFL history to have at least 13 catches in consecutive games after catching 13 balls in the game against the Washington Redskins.
- For the first time in NFL history, two different games on the same day, the Cowboys–Steelers matchup and the Seahawks–Patriots matchup, involved at least seven different lead changes.
- Week 11
- A single-day record twelve point after touchdown attempts were missed, including three in domed stadiums.
- The Dallas Cowboys gained 417 total net yards, marking the team’s eighth consecutive game with at least 400 yards, tied for the longest single-season streak in NFL history (2007 New England Patriots and 2013 Denver Broncos).
- Antonio Brown reached 600 catches in his 96th career game, the fewest games to reach the milestone in NFL history. Brown surpassed the previous mark held by Anquan Boldin, who reached this mark in 98 career games.
- Steve Smith Sr. reached 1,000 catches, becoming the 14th player in NFL history to reach this mark.
- Week 12
- With the New England Patriots' victory, Tom Brady joined Peyton Manning as the second starting quarterback in NFL history to record 200 combined regular season and postseason wins. The Patriots' victory made them the first former American Football League franchise to record 500 all-time victories, including playoffs. Brady also became only the fifth quarterback to record 60,000 regular season passing yards, joining Peyton Manning, Brett Favre, Drew Brees and Dan Marino.
- Week 13
- With the Patriots' victory, Tom Brady broke Peyton Manning's record of most career wins by a quarterback (regular season and playoffs) in NFL history with his 201st win.
- Larry Fitzgerald became the youngest player in NFL history (33 years, 95 days) to reach 1,100 career catches.
- Week 14
- Matthew Stafford recorded his eighth fourth quarter comeback win of the season with the Detroit Lions' 20–17 win against the Chicago Bears, surpassing the previous record held by Peyton Manning, who led the Indianapolis Colts to seven fourth quarter comeback wins during the 2009 season.
- Anquan Boldin moved past Andre Johnson for tenth on the NFL's all-time receptions list.
- Week 15
- The New England Patriots clinched their eighth consecutive AFC East title. They surpassed the Los Angeles Rams, who won the NFC West division title every year from 1973 to 1979, for the most consecutive division titles won by any franchise in NFL history.
- Week 16
- The Pittsburgh Steelers recorded the 600th regular-season victory in franchise history, joining the Chicago Bears, Green Bay Packers and New York Giants as the only teams in NFL history to reach this mark.
- Bill Belichick won his 200th career regular-season game as head coach of the New England Patriots. Belichick becomes the fifth coach to reach 200 regular-season wins with one team joining George Halas, Don Shula, Tom Landry and Curly Lambeau.
- Matt Ryan threw a touchdown pass to his 13th different receiver of the season, an NFL record.
- Week 17
- Matthew Stafford surpassed 30,000 career passing yards in his 109th game, surpassing Dan Marino and Kurt Warner for the fastest quarterback to reach that mark.
- Sam Bradford achieved a 71.6 completion percentage, surpassing Drew Brees for the record for highest completion percentage in a season.
- Divisional Round
- The Patriots advanced to their sixth consecutive AFC Championship Game, surpassing the 1973–1977 Oakland Raiders for the most consecutive appearances in a conference championship game in history.
- Chris Boswell made a postseason record six field goals during the Steelers' win over the Chiefs.
- Dak Prescott became the first rookie starting QB to throw three touchdown passes in a postseason game in the Super Bowl era.
- Patriots' RB Dion Lewis became the first player in NFL history to score a rushing, receiving and kickoff return touchdown in a playoff game.
- Super Bowl LI
- Super Bowl LI marked an NFL record seventh Super Bowl appearance for Tom Brady and Bill Belichick as a QB/head coach duo.
- Super Bowl LI also marked the New England Patriots' ninth Super Bowl appearance, breaking a record shared with the Dallas Cowboys, Denver Broncos, and Pittsburgh Steelers.
- Tom Brady's 43 pass completions, 62 pass attempts, and 466 passing yards all set new single game Super Bowl records.
- For the first time in NFL history, the Super Bowl went into overtime.
- After trailing 28–3, the Patriots won the game 34–28, completing the largest comeback win in both team history and Super Bowl history.
- Tom Brady won his fifth Super Bowl, which tied defensive player Charles Haley for the most Super Bowl victories won by a player, and he became the first quarterback in NFL history to do so.
- Tom Brady was named the Super Bowl MVP. This was the fourth time Brady won the award, giving him more career Super Bowl MVP awards than any other player in NFL history.
- The Atlanta Falcons became the first losing team in Super Bowl history to return an interception for a touchdown; teams returning an interception for a touchdown in the Super Bowl had been a perfect 12–0.
Head coach/front office personnel changes
|Team||2015 head coach||2015 interim||2016 replacement||Reason for leaving||Notes|
|Cleveland Browns||Mike Pettine||Hue Jackson||Fired||Pettine compiled a record of 10–22 (.313) in two years with the Browns, finishing in last place in the AFC North both years. After putting up a promising record of 7–9 the season before, the team, marred by the actions of Johnny Manziel off the field, regressed heavily, forcing the Browns to hire their fifth head coach in eight seasons, the decision to fire Pettine came the day before the end of the regular season.
On January 13, the Browns hired Jackson as their head coach. Jackson spent most of the past two seasons as the offensive coordinator for the Cincinnati Bengals and had previously served as head coach for the Oakland Raiders.
|Miami Dolphins||Joe Philbin||Dan Campbell||Adam Gase||Philbin compiled a record of 24–28 (.462), with no playoff appearances, in 3¼ seasons as head coach of the Dolphins. The Dolphins were expected to be contenders for a playoff position in 2015 but grossly underachieved, starting the season 1–3, which led to Philbin's firing. Philbin joined the Indianapolis Colts as offensive line coach for 2016. Campbell, the team's tight ends coach, took over for the rest of the season; following the season, he joined the New Orleans Saints as tight ends coach.
On January 9, the Dolphins hired Gase as their head coach. Gase had spent the past season as the offensive coordinator for the Chicago Bears; at age 37, Gase became the youngest active head coach in the NFL.
|Philadelphia Eagles||Chip Kelly||Pat Shurmur||Doug Pederson||Kelly was released on December 29, 2015, one week prior to the end of the regular season, following the Eagles being eliminated from playoff contention. He finished with a record of 26–21 (.553) and one playoff appearance (a single loss in 2013) over almost three seasons. Heading into 2015, Kelly made several controversial roster moves as general manager that didn't pan out, leading to his firing. Offensive Coordinator (and former Cleveland Browns head coach) Pat Shurmur served as interim replacement for week 17. Shurmur finished 1–0 as the Eagles head coach, and was a frontrunner in the Eagles head coaching race along with Tom Coughlin and Doug Pederson; following the season, he joined the Minnesota Vikings as tight ends coach and later offensive coordinator after the sudden resignation of Norv Turner.
On January 18, the Eagles hired Pederson as their head coach. Pederson had spent the previous three season as offensive coordinator for the Kansas City Chiefs, and was also a former QB for the Eagles.
|San Francisco 49ers||Jim Tomsula||Chip Kelly||Tomsula compiled a record of 5–11 (.313) in his lone full season as head coach of the 49ers.|
|Tampa Bay Buccaneers||Lovie Smith||Dirk Koetter||Smith compiled a record of 8–24 (.250), with no playoff appearances, in two years with the Buccaneers, finishing in last place in the NFC South both years. Smith moved to the college ranks, becoming the head coach of the University of Illinois Fighting Illini football team.
On January 14, Koetter was promoted to head coach after serving as offensive coordinator with the team since 2015.
|Tennessee Titans||Ken Whisenhunt||Mike Mularkey||Whisenhunt compiled a record of 3–20 (.130), with no playoff appearances, in 1½ seasons as head coach of the Titans. After an impressive opening day win, the Titans lost six straight, resulting in Whisenhunt's dismissal. Mularkey, the team's tight ends coach, took over as interim head coach. Mularkey's previous head coaching experience includes two seasons with the Buffalo Bills (2004–05) and one season with the Jacksonville Jaguars (2012), for 2016, Whisenhunt joined the San Diego Chargers as offensive coordinator.
On January 16, Mularkey shed the interim tag and was hired as the full-time head coach.
|New York Giants||Tom Coughlin||Ben McAdoo||Resigned||Coughlin compiled a record of 102–90 (.531) in 12 years with the Giants, a tenure that included three division titles, five playoff appearances (with a collective record of 8–3 in those games), and two Super Bowl wins (Super Bowl XLII and Super Bowl XLVI, both over the New England Patriots). Since winning Super Bowl XLVI, the Giants had missed the playoffs every year and had accrued three consecutive losing seasons immediately prior to Coughlin's resignation, on January 14, McAdoo was promoted to head coach after serving as offensive coordinator with the team since 2014.|
|Team||2016 head coach||Reason for leaving||Interim replacement||Story/accomplishments|
|Los Angeles Rams||Jeff Fisher||Fired||John Fassel||After receiving a two-year contract extension prior to the season, Fisher was fired after going 4–9 in the season, and 31–45–1 (.414) in his tenure in St. Louis and Los Angeles. Under his tenure, the Rams never finished better than 7–8–1 (2012) and never reached the playoffs. Fassel, the son of former NFL head coach Jim Fassel, has been the Rams' special teams coach since 2012.|
|Jacksonville Jaguars||Gus Bradley||Doug Marrone||Bradley was fired after four seasons and a 14–48 (.226) record with no playoff appearances. Marrone, the Jaguars' offensive line coach, was previously head coach of the Buffalo Bills from 2013–14.|
|Buffalo Bills||Rex Ryan||Anthony Lynn||Ryan was fired after two seasons and a 15–16 record with no playoff appearances. His twin brother, assistant head coach Rob Ryan, was also dismissed. Lynn began the 2016 season as running backs coach, then moved up to offensive coordinator when Greg Roman was fired in week 3, then interim head coach after Ryan's dismissal.|
|Team||Position||2015 office holder||2015 interim||2016 replacement||Reason for leaving||Notes|
|Cleveland Browns||GM||Ray Farmer||Sashi Brown||Fired||The Browns released Ray Farmer after the final game of the 2015 regular season. He had been with the team for three seasons, two as general manager.
As of April 2016, the Browns had not named a general manager; the duties are being filled in the interim by executive vice president of football operations Sashi Brown, an attorney by trade who has served in the Browns front office since 2013.
|Detroit Lions||GM||Martin Mayhew||Sheldon White||Bob Quinn||After starting the season 1–6, the Lions fired offensive coordinator Joe Lombardi. One week later, after another loss to the Kansas City Chiefs, owner Martha Firestone Ford fired Mayhew and Lewand.|
|Team President||Tom Lewand||Rod Wood|
|Miami Dolphins||GM||Dennis Hickey||Chris Grier||The Dolphins fired GM Hickey, who had spent the past two years with the team. Grier, Dolphins' director of college scouting, appointed as the new GM on January 5, 2016.|
|Philadelphia Eagles||VP- Player Personnel||Ed Marynowitz||Tom Donahoe||Vice President of Player Personnel Ed Marynowitz was fired alongside head coach Chip Kelly on December 29, 2015. Donahoe last served as president and general manager of the Buffalo Bills from 2001 to 2005 but has largely been out of football in the ten years since his firing from that position.|
|GM (de facto)||Chip Kelly||Howie Roseman||Roseman, who carried the title of "executive vice president of football operations" while Kelly handled general manager duties in 2015, reverted to his previous general manager duties after Kelly's firing.|
|Tennessee Titans||GM||Ruston Webster||Jon Robinson||The Titans released Webster the Monday following their final game of the 2015 regular season. Webster had spent the past four seasons with the team.|
Individual season awards
|AP Most Valuable Player||Matt Ryan||Quarterback||Atlanta Falcons|
|AP Offensive Player of the Year||Matt Ryan||Quarterback||Atlanta Falcons|
|AP Defensive Player of the Year||Khalil Mack||Defensive End||Oakland Raiders|
|AP Coach of the Year||Jason Garrett||Head Coach||Dallas Cowboys|
|AP Offensive Rookie of the Year||Dak Prescott||Quarterback||Dallas Cowboys|
|AP Defensive Rookie of the Year||Joey Bosa||Defensive End||San Diego Chargers|
|AP Comeback Player of the Year||Jordy Nelson||Wide Receiver||Green Bay Packers|
|Pepsi Rookie of the Year||Dak Prescott||Quarterback||Dallas Cowboys|
|Walter Payton NFL Man of the Year||Larry Fitzgerald
New York Giants
|PFWA NFL Executive of the Year||Reggie McKenzie||General Manager||Oakland Raiders|
|Super Bowl Most Valuable Player||Tom Brady||Quarterback||New England Patriots|
The following players were named First Team All-Pro by the Associated Press:
|Placekicker||Justin Tucker, Baltimore|
|Punter||Johnny Hekker, Los Angeles|
|Kick returner||Cordarrelle Patterson, Minnesota|
|Special teams||Matthew Slater, New England|
Players of the week/month
The following were named the top performers during the 2016 season:
Player of the Week/Month
Player of the Week/Month
Player of the Week/Month
|Odell Beckham Jr.
|Ha Ha Clinton-Dix
The Minnesota Vikings played their first season at U.S. Bank Stadium in downtown Minneapolis. Construction on the team's new home field in downtown Minneapolis wrapped up at the start of the 2016 season, the new stadium is built on the site of the Vikings' former home, the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, which was demolished after the 2013 season.
Relocation of the Rams from St. Louis to Los Angeles
The league scheduled a vote on whether to relocate one or two of its existing franchises to the Los Angeles metropolitan area on January 12, 2016, the league set a relocation fee of $550 million for any team who is approved to relocate. On January 4, three teams filed to relocate to Los Angeles: the Oakland Raiders, San Diego Chargers, and the St. Louis Rams, all three of which had previously resided in the city at various points in their history. Despite the Committee on Los Angeles Opportunities recommending the Raiders' and Chargers' joint proposal for a stadium in Carson, California, on January 12, the league approved the Rams' proposal to relocate to Inglewood after three ballots, also giving the Chargers the option to share the Rams' stadium if they so choose. In the first two rounds of voting, Inglewood led Carson 21–11 and 20–12 respectively; by the third ballot, the Rams proposal had received effectively unanimous support from the other owners, with the final vote reaching 30–2 (the Raiders and Chargers themselves casting the lone opposing votes). The Rams will play the first four seasons at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, while their new stadium is being built in Inglewood. The Rams previously played at the Coliseum during their first stint in Los Angeles from 1946 to 1979.
Rams bid for Los Angeles
The Rams and the St. Louis CVC (Convention & Visitors Commission) began negotiating deals to get the Rams' home stadium, The Dome at America's Center (then known as Edward Jones Dome), into the top 25 percent of stadiums in the league (i.e., top eight teams of the thirty-two NFL teams in reference to luxury boxes, amenities and overall fan experience). Under the terms of the lease agreement, the St. Louis CVC was required to make modifications to the Edward Jones Dome in 2005. However, then-owner, Georgia Frontiere, waived the provision in exchange for cash that served as a penalty for the city's noncompliance, the City of St. Louis, in subsequent years, made changes to the score board and increased the natural lighting by replacing panels with windows, although the overall feel remains dark, the minor renovations which totaled about $70 million did not bring the stadium within the specifications required under the lease agreement.
On February 1, 2013, a three-person arbitral tribunal selected to preside over the arbitration process found that the Edward Jones Dome was not in the top 25% of all NFL venues as required under the terms of the lease agreement between the Rams and the CVC, the tribunal further found that the estimated $700 million in proposed renovations by the Rams was not unreasonable given the terms of the lease agreement. Finally, the city of St. Louis was ordered to pay the Rams attorneys' fees which totaled a reported $2 million.
Publicly, city, county and state officials expressed no interest in providing further funding to the Edward Jones Dome in light of those entities, as well as taxpayers, continuing to owe approximately $300 million more on that facility. As such, if a resolution is not reached by the end of the 2014–2015 NFL season and the City of St. Louis remains non-compliant in its obligations under the lease agreement, the Rams would be free to nullify their lease and relocate.
On January 31, 2014, both the Los Angeles Times and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that Rams owner Stan Kroenke purchased 60 acres of land adjacent to the Forum in Inglewood, California. It would be, by the most conservative estimates, sufficient land on which a NFL-proper stadium may be constructed, the purchase price was rumored to have been between US$90–100 million. Commissioner Roger Goodell represented that Mr. Kroenke informed the league of the purchase, as an NFL owner, any purchase of land in which a potential stadium could be built must be disclosed to the league. This development further fueled rumors that the Rams intended to return its management and football operations to Southern California, the land was initially targeted for a Walmart Supercenter but Walmart could not get the necessary permits to build the center. Kroenke is married to Ann Walton Kroenke who is a member of the Walton family and many of Kroenke's real estate deals have involved Walmart properties. On January 5, 2015, The Los Angeles Times reported that Kroenke Sports & Entertainment and Stockbridge Capital Group were partnering up into developing a new NFL Stadium on property owned by Kroenke. The project will include a stadium of up to 80,000 seats and a performance venue of 6,000 seats while reconfiguring the previously approved Hollywood Park plan for up to 890,000 square feet of retail, 780,000 square feet of office space, 2,500 new residential units, a 300-room hotel and 25 acres of public parks, playgrounds, open space and pedestrian and bicycle access, the stadium is likely to be ready by 2020, In lieu of this the city of St. Louis responded on January 9, 2015, by unveiling an outdoor, open air, riverfront stadium that can accommodate the Rams and an MLS team with the hope that the NFL bylaws can force them to stay. On February 24, 2015, the Inglewood City Council approved the stadium and the initiative with construction on the stadium planned to begin in December 2015, on December 21, 2015, Construction was officially underway at the Hollywood Park site for the stadium. On January 4, 2016, after St. Louis finished last in per-game attendance for the 2015 season, the team filed a relocation application to relocate to Los Angeles and informed the NFL about this and released a statement on their website.
Raiders and Chargers failed stadium bid
On February 19, 2015, the Oakland Raiders and San Diego Chargers announced plans for a privately financed $1.7 billion stadium that the two teams would build in Carson, California if they were to move to the Los Angeles market. Such a move would have marked a return to the nation's second-largest market for both teams; the Raiders played in Los Angeles from 1982 to 1994 while the Chargers called LA home for their inaugural season in the American Football League. The Chargers were the only NFL team to play in Southern California at the time (until the Rams moved to Los Angeles in 2016), with San Diego being a 125-mile (201 km) distance from Los Angeles, and the Chargers counted Los Angeles as a secondary market. The Chargers have been looking to replace Qualcomm Stadium (which, like the Oakland Coliseum opened in the late 1960s) since at least 2003, and have had an annual out clause in which it can move in exchange for paying a fine to the city of San Diego for its remaining years on its lease, the Raiders, meanwhile, have been operating on year-to-year leases with Oakland Coliseum, the stadium it has shared with the Oakland Athletics for most of its time in Oakland, California, since the last long-term lease on that stadium ended in 2013.
Due to both television contracts and NFL bylaws, had both of the longstanding division rivals moved to LA, one of the teams would have been required to move to the NFC West, something that Mark Davis volunteered the Raiders to be willing to do, the Raiders moving to the National Football Conference would have been considered ironic seeing that Davis's father Al Davis was a staunch opponent of the NFL during its rivalry and eventual merger with the AFL. If such a scenario happened, a current NFC West team would have taken their spot in the AFC West, the early rumor was that the Seattle Seahawks, who played in the AFC West from 1977 to 2001, would have been the favorite to have switched conferences with the Raiders. However, that team's growing rivalry with the San Francisco 49ers had pointed to either the Arizona Cardinals or the then-St. Louis Rams switching conferences to take the Raiders' spot in the AFC West. Had the Rams stayed in St. Louis, switching them to the AFC would have allowed for a yearly home-and-home with the cross-state Kansas City Chiefs, as a portion of the Rams' 2016 schedule was already set because of their International Series appearance, the league could not realign until at least 2017.
On October 23, 2015, Mark Fabiani, Chargers spokesperson confirmed that the team planned to officially notify the NFL about its intentions to relocate to Los Angeles in January during the timetable when teams can request to relocate, on January 4, 2016, both teams filed relocation applications for relocation to Los Angeles. On January 12, 2016, the NFL voted to allow the Rams move to Los Angeles and the Inglewood proposal, effectively rejecting and killing the Carson proposal, the Chargers were then given the option to join the Rams in Inglewood in 2016, with the Raiders having the option in 2017 if the Chargers declined; the Chargers announced on January 29 that they would remain in San Diego for the 2016 season as negotiations continued, but that if negotiations ultimately failed, they had reached an agreement in principle with the Rams to join them in Los Angeles once the Inglewood stadium is complete. The Raiders reached an agreement on another one-year lease extension with Oakland Coliseum on February 11, 2016, keeping the team in Oakland for one more season.
The Raiders, having previously explored San Antonio, Texas as a potential relocation site in 2014, moved on to other potential relocation sites after the rejection of the Carson proposal, focusing on a stadium plan in the vicinity of Las Vegas, Nevada, on August 25, 2016, the Raiders applied for a trademark for the "Las Vegas Raiders" and unveiled artist renditions of the proposed Las Vegas stadium, given the tentative title "Raiders Stadium."
Naming rights agreements
On August 13, the Buffalo Bills and Pegula Sports and Entertainment reached an agreement to sell the naming rights to their stadium to the locally based New Era Cap Company, a major headwear supplier to all of the major North American sports leagues. The stadium had previously been known as Rich Stadium from its opening in 1973, then as Ralph Wilson Stadium since 1998, the sale of naming rights came as somewhat of a surprise, as previous owner Ralph Wilson was firmly against selling the naming rights to the stadium and there were few companies in Western New York believed to have the money to pay the naming rights fee for an NFL stadium.
Canadian-based financial services company Sun Life Financial had held the naming rights to the Miami Dolphins' stadium since 2010, a deal which expired in the offseason. The team already announced that it was not going to renew the license, on August 16, 2016, it was reported that Hard Rock Cafe purchased the naming rights to the stadium, with the venue to be renamed Hard Rock Stadium.
On April 2, the O.co Coliseum, home of the Oakland Raiders, reverted to its previous identity as the Oakland Alameda Coliseum. Online retailer Overstock.com held the naming rights to the Raiders' home field since 2011, but opted out of the naming rights agreement, though it will continue to maintain its corporate sponsorship with the Athletics. The Raiders' home field has undergone numerous name changes in its history, including Network Associates Coliseum (1998–2004) and McAfee Coliseum (2004–2008).
Field surface changes
On December 2, 2015, the Baltimore Ravens announced a change in the surface at M&T Bank Stadium from their previous Shaw Sportexe Momentum 51 artificial turf to natural Bermuda grass for the first time since the 2001 season, by player preference for a natural surface. The field was replaced beginning on February 4, 2016, timed to be installed by the start of the Johns Hopkins lacrosse season.
New uniforms and patches
After a trial run in 2015, the NFL Color Rush program returned for 2016 with all 32 NFL teams required to participate. To prevent issues with color blindness from the previous season, the NFL is scheduled match-ups and where color blindness would not be an issue, the Color Rush games were during the Thursday Night Football contests.
- The San Francisco 49ers wore a patch to commemorate their 70th season.
- The New Orleans Saints wore a patch to commemorate their 50th season.
- The New York Giants wore white pants instead of gray for their primary home jerseys.
- The Los Angeles Rams joined the handful of teams (such as the Cowboys and the Dolphins) that primarily wear their white jerseys at home. The change comes as a nod to the team's Fearsome Foursome era (they will play in the same stadium as those teams) and to accommodate the warmer climate of Los Angeles, the uniform itself will remain the same as it was in the last years in St. Louis.
- The Miami Dolphins wore aqua for some of their home games in 2016 that include daytime.
- The Pittsburgh Steelers retired their 1934 throwback uniforms after the 2016 season. The Steelers wore them for the last time on October 9, 2016 against the New York Jets.
- The Atlanta Falcons wore 1966 throwback uniforms against the San Diego Chargers and San Francisco 49ers. The throwback uniforms are an altered version of the ones used from 2009–2012.
- The Washington Redskins wore burgundy pants with their white jerseys and temporarily place gray facemasks on their helmets when wearing the 1937 throwback uniforms.
This was the third season under broadcast contracts with ESPN, CBS, Fox, and NBC. This includes "cross-flexing" (switching) Sunday afternoon games between CBS and Fox before or during the season (regardless of the conference of the visiting team). NBC will continue to air Sunday Night Football, the annual Kickoff game, and the primetime Thanksgiving game. ESPN will continue airing Monday Night Football and the Pro Bowl. Fox will serve as the broadcaster of Super Bowl LI.
A change to the flexible scheduling rule takes effect for the 2016 season: in week 17, any game can be flexed into Sunday Night Football, regardless of how many times a team had been featured on a primetime game that season, this change can, theoretically, allow a game with playoff implications in the final week of the season to be moved to primetime for greater prominence. As in 2015, the NFL will continue the "suspension" of its blackout policy, meaning that all games will be broadcast in their home markets regardless of ticket sales; Goodell stated that the league needed to continue investigating the impact of removing the blackout rules before such a change is made permanent.
Thursday Night Football
The league's contract with CBS for Thursday Night Football expired after the 2015 season and was placed back up for bids, on February 1, 2016, the NFL announced that Thursday Night Football would be shared between CBS, NBC, and NFL Network for the 2016 season. CBS and NBC will each air five games, which will be simulcast by NFL Network, along with an additional eight games exclusively on NFL Network, the production of which will be split between the two networks. Commissioner Roger Goodell that the league was "thrilled to add NBC to the Thursday Night Football mix, a trusted partner with a proven track record of success broadcasting NFL football in primetime, and look forward to expanding with a digital partner for what will be a unique tri-cast on broadcast, cable and digital platforms." On April 5, 2016, it was announced that Twitter had acquired non-exclusive worldwide digital streaming rights to the 10 broadcast television TNF games, including to mobile devices (this is the first time any NFL games have been made available to mobile devices not subscribed to Verizon Wireless, whose NFL Mobile app holds exclusive rights to all other games). This partnership will also include content for Twitter's live streaming service Periscope, such as behind-the-scenes access.
Internet streaming for International Series
After 2015's Bills–Jaguars International Series contest was a modest success, the league was initially expected to make all three of the 2016 London games exclusive to the Internet. Yahoo! Screen, which carried the 2015 contest, shut down in January 2016; the bidders on the three games (which may or may not go to the same broadcaster) included YouTube and Apple TV, both of which bid on the 2015 game but were passed up in favor of Yahoo!'s bid. Ultimately, the league decided not to make the International Series games Web-exclusive, instead focusing its efforts on the Thursday Night Football partnership with Twitter.
Mike Tirico, the lead play-by-play announcer for Monday Night Football, announced his departure from ESPN on May 9, 2016; he joins NBC, where he was originally designated to lead the network's broadcast team for Thursday Night Football telecasts. Replacing Tirico on MNF is Sean McDonough, the move was initially reported in April but not confirmed until the next month. However, shortly before the start of the regular season, the league exercised a clause in its television contract with NBC demanding that any broadcast team that calls Sunday Night Football also call Thursday Night Football as well, effectively forcing Al Michaels to call both packages unless he and Tirico also split Sundays (this was the scenario that was ultimately chosen; on most weeks when Michaels calls a Thursday game, Tirico will call Sundays). This is also the final season Chris Berman serves as a studio analyst for ESPN's NFL programming; Berman has been with ESPN since the network's inception in 1979. This would also end up being Phil Simms' last season as lead color commentator for the NFL on CBS. Tony Romo, who would retire at the end of this season, would replace Simms as lead color commentator on CBS. Simms will join The NFL Today next season, this would also lead to Tony Gonzalez and Bart Scott, leaving The NFL Today. Gonzalez will now be on Fox NFL Kickoff. Replacing Gonzalez and Scott will be Simms and Nate Burleson, who comes over from NFL Network's football morning talk show, Good Morning Football, although he will remain with the show. This would also be the last season for Solomon Wilcots at CBS. James Lofton from Westwood One, will replace Wilcots next season. Meanwhile, at Fox, this would be the last season for John Lynch, who would leave to be the next general manager of the San Francisco 49ers. Replacing Lynch next season, would be Charles Davis who would move up from the #4 team at Fox to join Kevin Burkhardt at the end of this season.
Television viewers and ratings
Most watched regular season games
- DH = doubleheader; SNF = NBC Sunday Night Football
|Rank||Date||Matchup||Network||Viewers (millions)||TV rating ||Window||Significance|
|1||November 24, 4:30 ET||Washington Redskins||26||Dallas Cowboys||31||Fox||35.1||14.5||Thanksgiving||Cowboys–Redskins Rivalry|
|2||November 13, 4:25 ET||Dallas Cowboys||35||Pittsburgh Steelers||30||28.9||16.4||Late DH[a]||Cowboys–Steelers Rivalry|
|3||October 16, 4:25 ET||Dallas Cowboys||30||Green Bay Packers||16||28.0||15.8||Late DH[b]||Ice Bowl Rematch|
|4||November 24, 12:30 ET||Minnesota Vikings||13||Detroit Lions||16||CBS||27.6||13.0||Thanksgiving||Lions–Vikings Rivalry|
|5||September 11, 4:25 ET||New York Giants||20||Dallas Cowboys||19||Fox||27.5||15.5||Late DH[c]||Cowboys–Giants Rivalry|
|6||December 11, 8:30 ET||Dallas Cowboys||7||New York Giants||10||NBC||26.5||14.9||SNF||Cowboys–Giants Rivalry|
|7||December 4, 4:25 ET||New York Giants||14||Pittsburgh Steelers||24||Fox||25.4||14.6||Late DH[d]|
|8||September 8, 8:30 ET||Carolina Panthers||20||Denver Broncos||21||NBC||25.2||14.6||Kickoff Game||Super Bowl 50 Rematch|
|9||December 11, 4:25 ET||Seattle Seahawks||10||Green Bay Packers||38||Fox||25.2||14.4||Late DH[e]|
|10||December 18, 4:25 ET||New England Patriots||16||Denver Broncos||3||CBS||25.0||14.2||Late DH[f]||AFC Championship Rematch|
*Note — Late DH matchups listed in table are the matchups that were shown to the largest percentage of the market.
- ^ DAL/PIT was shown in 92% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
- ^ DAL/GB was shown in 86% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
- ^ NYG/DAL was shown in 90% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
- ^ NYG/PIT was shown in 85% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
- ^ SEA/GB was shown in 67% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of Fox coverage.
- ^ NE/DEN was shown in 83% of the markets during the late doubleheader time slot of CBS coverage.
|Team||Stadium||Home games||Average attendance||Total attendance||Capacity percentage|
|Dallas Cowboys||AT&T Stadium||8||92,539*||740,318||115.7%|
|New York Giants||MetLife Stadium||8||78,789||630,315||95.5%|
|Green Bay Packers||Lambeau Field||8||78,215||625,727||107.3%|
|New York Jets||MetLife Stadium||8||78,160||625,280||94.7%|
|Denver Broncos||Sports Authority Field at Mile High||8||76,774||614,193||100.9%|
|Los Angeles Rams||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||7||74,121||74,121||89.8%|
|Carolina Panthers||Bank of America Stadium||8||73,792||590,343||100.0%|
|Kansas City Chiefs||Arrowhead Stadium||8||73,328||586,624||95.5%|
|New Orleans Saints||Mercedes-Benz Superdome||8||73,109||584,876||100.2%|
|Houston Texans||NRG Stadium||8||71,868||574,947||101.1%|
|Baltimore Ravens||M&T Bank Stadium||8||71,102||568,823||100.1%|
|San Francisco 49ers||Levi's Stadium||8||70,178||561,424||102.4%|
|Atlanta Falcons||Georgia Dome||8||69,999||559,998||98.2%|
|Philadelphia Eagles||Lincoln Financial Field||8||69,596||556,768||103.0%|
|Seattle Seahawks||CenturyLink Field||8||69,073||552,588||103.1%|
|Buffalo Bills||Ralph Wilson Stadium||8||68,509||548,073||93.7%|
|New England Patriots||Gillette Stadium||8||66,829||534,632||97.2%|
|Minnesota Vikings||U.S. Bank Stadium||8||66,786||534,289||91.5%|
|Indianapolis Colts||Lucas Oil Stadium||8||65,549||524,393||104.0%|
|Miami Dolphins||Hard Rock Stadium||8||78,160||524,101||100.3%|
|Arizona Cardinals||University of Phoenix Stadium||8||64,831||518,652||102.3%|
|Tennessee Titans||Nissan Stadium||8||64,659||517,273||93.5%|
|Pittsburgh Steelers||Heinz Field||8||64,312||514,503||98.9%|
|Cleveland Browns||FirstEnergy Stadium||8||64,311||514,489||87.9%|
|Jacksonville Jaguars||EverBank Field||7||61,915||433,408||92.2%|
|Detroit Lions||Ford Field||8||60,792||486,342||94.3%|
|Tampa Bay Buccaneers||Raymond James Stadium||8||60,624||484,998||92.3%|
|Cincinnati Bengals||Paul Brown Stadium||7||60,511||423,583||92.4%|
|Chicago Bears||Soldier Field||8||60,368||482,951||98.2%|
|San Diego Chargers||Qualcomm Stadium||8||57,024||456,197||80.0%|
|Oakland Raiders||O.co Coliseum||7||54,584||382,088||86.6%|
*80,000 without party pass areas
- Hanzus, Dan (January 12, 2016). "Rams to relocate to L.A.; Chargers first option to join". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Rams to Return to Los Angeles". St. Louis Rams. January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- Ortega, Mark E. (December 26, 2016). "Broncos, Panthers miss playoffs after Super Bowl 50". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- "Free Agency Signing Period Begins; 496 Players Become Free Agents". nflcommunications.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. March 9, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- "NFL free agent tracker: What we know now". USA Today. Gannett Company. March 21, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
- Davis, Nate (March 13, 2016). "NFL free agency winners, losers: Texans gear up, Browns scramble". USA Today. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
- Walker, James (March 10, 2016). "Dolphins complete trade for Byron Maxwell, Kiko Alonso". ESPN.com. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- "Titans to acquire RB DeMarco Murray from Eagles". NFL.com.
- Sessler, Marc (March 11, 2016). "Mark Sanchez acquired by Broncos in trade with Eagles". NFL.com. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- Sessler, Marc (March 15, 2016). "Patriots trade Chandler Jones to Cardinals". NFL.com. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- Hanzus, Dan (March 16, 2016). "Martellus Bennett traded by Bears to Patriots". NFL.com. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- "Jets acquire Ryan Clady in trade with Broncos". NFL.com.
- "Eagles acquire Dorial Green-Beckham from Titans". Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- Orr, Connor. "Sam Bradford traded to Vikings for two draft picks".
- Wesseling, Chris (October 25, 2016). "Dolphins' Arian Foster announces his NFL retirement". NFL.com. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "2016 UK International Series schedule announced". NFL.com. November 25, 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "Back to Mexico: Texans-Raiders to play Nov. 21 in Mexico City". NFL.com. February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- "Hall of Fame Game canceled due to field concerns". nfl.com. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
- "Week 8 Schedule Change". nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-10-13.
- "Week 12 (November 27) Schedule Change". nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
- "Week 14 Schedule Change". nflcommunications.com. NFL. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Week 15 Schedule Change". nflcommunications.com. NFL. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- "Week 16 Schedule Change". nflcommunications.com. NFL. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Soshnick, Scott. "The NFL Pro Bowl Is Moving to Orlando". Bloomberg News. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Orr, Connor (April 25, 2016). "Tom Brady's four-game suspension reinstated". NFL.com. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Tom Brady has 4-game suspension upheld, not ready to accept ruling". ESPN News Services. New York City. Associated Press. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
- "2016 Pro Football Deaths". Pro-Football-Reference.com. June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Mather, Victor (July 22, 2016). "Dennis Green, Pioneering Coach of the Vikings and the Cardinals, Dies at 67". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
- Finley, Patrick (June 28, 2016). "Former Bears defensive guru Buddy Ryan dead at 85". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- Eckel, Mark (June 28, 2016). "Former Eagles head coach Buddy Ryan was one of a kind". The Hunterdon County Democrat. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Sandritter, Mark. "A timeline of Colin Kaepernick’s national anthem protest and the NFL players who joined him". SB Nation. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
- Brinson, Will (March 22, 2016). "Chop blocks hit the chopping block as NFL makes seven new rules changes". CBSSports.com. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- Breech, John (March 23, 2016). "NFL implements huge new touchback rule, admits it could backfire". CBSSports.com. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- Vacchiano, Ralph (March 24, 2016). "NFL owners approve 'Odell Beckham Rule,' players will be tossed after two ‘unsportsmanlike conduct’ penalties". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Orr, Connor (May 24, 2016). "Changes to league's instant replay rules pass". NFL.com. NFL. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- Seifert, Kevin (June 9, 2016). "Source: Player hoodies banned on field as part of NFL rules updates". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- Wilson, Aaron (June 22, 2016). "NFL changes rules for practice-squad members". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- Florio, Mike (August 21, 2016). "NFL drops "probable" from injury report, redefines "questionable" and "doubtful"". Profootballtalk.com. NBC Sports. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- Ingrassia, Nunzio (September 9, 2016). "Cam Newton breaks a touchdown record held by Steve Young in first half". Foxsports.com. Fox Sports Digital Media. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- "Saints Postgame Notes: September 11, 2016". neworleanssaints.com. September 11, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
- Canavan, Tom (September 18, 2016). "Eli to Cruz sets up Giants win again, 16–13 over Saints". Associated Press. East Rutherford, New Jersey: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Keefer, Zak (October 2, 2016). "Colts sloppy early, comeback falls short". The Indianapolis Star. London: Gannett Company. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Odum, Charles (October 2, 2016). "Ryan, Jones set records as Falcons beat Panthers 48–33". Associated Press. Atlanta: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Meinke, Kyle (October 2, 2016). "Lions QB Matthew Stafford breaks another NFL passing record". MLive.com. Chicago: Advance Publications. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- "Seven From Sunday – Week 5". nflcommunications.com. NFL Communications. October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- Armas, Genaro (October 17, 2016). "Cowboys keep rolling behind rookies Prescott, Elliott". Associated Press. Green Bay, Wisconsin: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Reyes, Lorenzo (October 16, 2016). "Dak Prescott amplifies Cowboys' Tony Romo question in win over Packers". USA Today. Green Bay, Wisconsin: Gannett Company. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Ortiz, Robert (October 16, 2016). "Tom Brady becomes fourth QB to reach 5,000 career completions". Sportsnaut.com. Sportsnaut. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Martel, Brett (October 16, 2016). "Brees leads Saints past slumping Panthers, 41–38". Associated Press. New Orleans: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Erickson, Joel (October 16, 2016). "Big day from Drew Brees leads 'battle-tested' Saints over Carolina Panthers". The Advocate. Capital City Press. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- "SEVEN FROM SUNDAY – WEEK 7". NFLCommunications.com. NFL Enterprises, L.P. October 23, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Walker, Teresa (October 23, 2016). "Luck still perfect vs. Titans as Colts pull out 34–26 win". Associated Press. Nashville, Tennessee: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Marot, Michael (November 20, 2016). "Colts get fast start and hold off charging Titans 24–17". Associated Press. Indianapolis: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Odum, Charles (October 23, 2016). "Chargers beat Falcons 33–30 in OT on Lambo's 42-yard FG". Associated Press. Atlanta: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Pogatchnik, Shawn (October 30, 2016). "Redskins, Bengals battle to 27–27 tie in London". Associated Press. London: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- Tafur, Vic (October 30, 2016). "Raiders overcome themselves — and Bucs — in OT win". San Francisco Chronicle. Tampa, Florida: Hearst Corporation. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Young, Shalise (November 7, 2016). "49ers' run defense set sad new record on Sunday vs. Saints". sports.yahoo.com. Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- Vensel, Matt (November 14, 2016). "Familiar story: Vikings lose another game, another body on O-line". Star Tribune. Landover, Maryland. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- "THE WEEK THAT WAS – WEEK 10". November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- Hanzus, Dan (November 20, 2016). "NFL kickers miss record 12 extra-point attempts Sunday". NFL. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- "SEVEN FROM SUNDAY – WEEK 11". NFLCommunications.com. NFL Enterprises, L.P. November 21, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Zrebiec, Jeff (November 20, 2016). "Ravens' Steve Smith makes his 1,000th career catch". The Baltimore Sun. Arlington, Texas: tronc. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Reyes, Lorenzo (November 28, 2016). "Tom Brady revels in record-tying 200th win with Patriots". USA Today. East Rutherford, New Jersey: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Waszak, Dennis (November 27, 2016). "Brady ties Manning with 200th win, Patriots beat Jets 22–17". Associated Press. East Rutherford, New Jersey: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Hightower, Kyle (December 4, 2016). "Brady breaks QB wins record, Patriots beat Rams 26–10". Associated Press. Foxborough, Massachusetts: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- Baum, Bob (December 4, 2016). "Palmer, Johnson lead Cardinals past Redskins". Associated Press. Glendale, Arizona: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Lage, Larry (December 11, 2016). "Stafford runs for go-ahead TD in Lions' 20–17 win over Bears". Associated Press. Detroit: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- Meinke, Kyle (December 11, 2016). "Anquan Boldin moves into top 10 in career catches with big TD snag". MLive.com. Detroit: Advance Publications. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- Jones, Lindsay (December 19, 2016). "Patriots crack Broncos to clinch AFC East, first-round bye". USA Today. Denver: Gannett Company. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- Wesseling, Chris (December 18, 2016). "Patriots top Broncos, clinch AFC East, first-round bye". NFL.com. NFL Enterprises, L.P. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- "THE WEEK THAT WAS – WEEK 16". NFLCommunications.com. NFL Enterprises, L.P. December 27, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
- Hightower, Kyle (December 24, 2016). "Patriots close in on AFC top seed with 41–3 win over Jets". Associated Press. Foxborough, Massachusetts: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
- Lage, Larry (January 2, 2017). "Rodgers-led Packers beat Lions 31–24 to win NFC North". Associated Press. Detroit: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- Goldberg, Rob (January 1, 2017). "Sam Bradford Sets NFL Record for Single-Season Completion Percentage". Bleacher Report. Minneapolis: Bleacher Report. Bleacher Report. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- Hightower, Kyle (January 15, 2017). "Lewis scores 3 TDS, Pats advance to AFC title game 34–16". Associated Press. Foxborough, Massachusetts: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Wilner, Barry (January 16, 2017). "Steelers hold off Chiefs on Boswell's 6 field goals, 18–16". Associated Press. Kansas City, Missouri: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Jones, Lindsay (January 15, 2017). "Dak Prescott shines, but playoff debut spoiled by Aaron Rodgers, Packers". USA Today. Arlington, Texas: Gannett Company. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "Pats' Lewis makes playoff history with 3-TD night".
- "They're back: Brady, Belichick into record 7th SB".
- "5 Mind-Blowing Facts To Sum Up Patriots’ Super Bowl Stunner". CBS Boston. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- Rosenthal, Gregg (January 3, 2016). "Cleveland Browns fire Mike Pettine, GM Ray Farmer". NFL.com. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- Wesseling, Chris. "Cleveland Browns hire Hue Jackson as head coach". NFL.com. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Walker, James (October 5, 2015). "Dolphins fire coach Joe Philbin after team stumbles to 1–3 start". ESPN.com. Davie, Florida. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Sessler, Marc. "Miami Dolphins hire Adam Gase as new head coach". NFL.com. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- Rosenthal, Gregg. "Chip Kelly released by Philadelphia Eagles". NFL.com. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- Wesseling, Chris. "Philadelphia Eagles hire Doug Pederson as coach". NFL.com. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "San Francisco 49ers fire coach Jim Tomsula". nfl.com. January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- Patra, Kevin (January 14, 2016). "San Francisco 49ers hire Chip Kelly as head coach". NFL.com. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- Wesseling, Chris (January 6, 2016). "Tampa Bay Buccaneers fire Lovie Smith". NFL.com. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- Hanzus, Dan (January 14, 2016). "Buccaneers promote OC Dirk Koetter to head coach". NFL.com. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- Orr, Conor. "Tennessee Titans fire head coach Ken Whisenhunt". NFL.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- Sessler, Marc. "Mike Mularkey sheds interim tag, named Titans coach". NFL.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Tom Coughlin says he's stepping down as Giants coach". NFL.com. January 4, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- Hanzus, Dan (January 14, 2016). "New York Giants hire Ben McAdoo as head coach". NFL.com. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- Mortensen, Chris. "Jeff Fisher fired as coach of Los Angeles Rams". espn.go.com. ESPN. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Rosenthal, Gregg. "Gus Bradley fired by Jacksonville Jaguars". NFL.com. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
- Jaguars name Marrone interim head coach.
- "Buffalo Bills fire offensive coordinator Greg Roman".
- Orr, Conor. "Lions fire GM Martin Mayhew, president Tom Lewand". NFL.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- Ortega, Mark E. "Detroit Lions hire Bob Quinn as general manager". NFL.com. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Bergman, Jeremy. "Miami Dolphins part ways with GM Dennis Hickey". NFL.com. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Hanzus, Dan. "Chris Grier named general manager of Dolphins". NFL.com. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Sessler, Marc. "Titans parting ways with GM Ruston Webster". NFL.com. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
- Patra, Kevin. "Titans select Jon Robinson as new general manager". NFL.com. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
- Dallas Cowboys: Following Terrific First Season, Prescott Named Pepsi NFL Rookie Of The Year. 3 February 2017. Retrieved on 4 February 2017.
- "Raiders’ Reggie McKenzie is NFL Executive of the Year". January 19, 2017.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 1". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 2". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC and NFC Players of the Week – Week 3". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "Players of the Month – September". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 4". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-09-28.
- "AFC and NFC Players of the Week – Week 5". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-09-28.
- "AFC and NFC Players of the Week – Week 6". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-09-28.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 7". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 8". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Month – October". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC and NFC Players of the Week – Week 9". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 10". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC and NFC Players of the Week – Week 11". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 12". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Month – November". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 13". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC and NFC Players of the Week – Week 14". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 15". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 16". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Month – December". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "AFC & NFC Players of the Week – Week 17". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "FedEx Players Air and Ground". NFL.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "Pepsi Rookie of the WEEK". NFL.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "Castrol Edge Clutch Performer of the Week". NFL.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "NFL Rookies of the Month – September". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "NFL Rookies of the Month – October". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "NFL Rookies of the Month – November". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- "NFL Rookies of the Month – December". Nflcommunications.com. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Mercedes-Benz Stadium Timeline".
- Olson, Rochelle (July 21, 2015). "Vikings stadium construction entering critical phase, transitioning for fall, winter". Star Tribune. Star Tribune Media Company, LLC. Archived from the original on July 25, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Patra, Kevin (January 16, 2016). "Los Angeles relocation fee to be $550 million per team". NFL.com. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- "Rams, Chargers, Raiders apply for L.A. relocation". NFL.com. January 5, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
- Breer, Albert (January 12, 2016). "Rams approved to relocate to Los Angeles". National Football League. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Wagoner, Nick (February 1, 2014). "Stan Kroenke buys 60 acres in L.A.". ESPN.com. St. Louis: ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- Piper, Brandie (January 31, 2014). "Report: Rams owner bought 60 acres of land in Calif.". ksdk.com. Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- Farmer, Sam; Vincent, Roger (January 5, 2015). "Owner of St. Louis Rams plans to build NFL stadium in Inglewood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- Fink, James; Thomas, Scott (January 5, 2016). "Buffalo Bills rank in upper half of NFL in attendance". Buffalo Business First. Advance Publications. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- "Rams headed back to Los Angeles; Chargers have option to join". ESPN News Services. Houston: ESPN Internet Ventures. Associated Press. January 13, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "San Diego Chargers, Oakland Raiders have joint stadium plan near Los Angeles". Espn.go.com. 2015-02-20. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
- "Roger Goodell floats San Francisco 49ers' Levi's Stadium as Oakland Raiders option". Espn.go.com. 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
- Florio, Mike (February 20, 2015). "If Chargers and Raiders share stadium, one would likely move to NFC". nbcsports.com. NBC Sports. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- Garrick, David (October 23, 2015). "Chargers plan to file L.A. relocation papers". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- Hirsh, Lou (January 29, 2016). "Chargers to Play in S.D. for 2016; More Negotiations Planned". San Diego Business Journal. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- Perez, A.J. (August 25, 2016). "Oakland Raiders file to trademark 'Las Vegas Raiders' name". USA Today. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Wawrow, John (August 13, 2016). "Bills reach deal to sell stadium naming rights to New Era". Orchard Park, New York: AP Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Jackson, Barry (April 1, 2016). "Heat adds center; Dolphins Friday analysis, postscripts; New stadium name coming; Loria rejects overtures; Marlins issues; Heat". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
- Jackson, Barry (August 16, 2016). "Miami Dolphins’ stadium gets a new name: Hard Rock". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- Graf, Dan (April 3, 2016). "O.co Coliseum is now just Oakland Coliseum again". Foxsports.com. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Johnson, Lizzie (April 2, 2016). "O.co drops out; stadium is back to just Oakland Coliseum". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- Zrebiec, Jeff (December 4, 2015). "Ravens will switch to natural grass at M&T Bank Stadium in 2016". The Baltimore Sun. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- Gilbert, Pete (February 4, 2016). "M&T Bank Stadium rips up turf for new grass field". WBAL-TV. Baltimore. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- "Uni Watch: A colorful rush to judgment". uniwatch.com. September 13, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- Florio, Mike (April 16, 2016). "NFL apparently has a plan to avoid color-blind confusion for Color Rush games". Profootballtalk.com. NBC Sports. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Fucillo, David (March 7, 2016). "49ers to wear 70th anniversary patch, likely wear black jerseys again". ninersnation.com. SB Nation. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Delery, Wallace (March 19, 2016). "Saints Unveil Addition To Their Uniform For 50th Anniversary Season". canalstreetchronicles.com. SB Nation. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Kratch, James (July 11, 2016). "Giants making uniform change for 2016 season". The Star-Ledger. Advance Publications. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Klein, Gary (August 11, 2016). "Rams will wear white uniforms for home games this season". Los Angeles Times. tronc. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- Dwork, David (May 23, 2016). "Dolphins Unveil Uniforms For All Eight Home Games In 2016". CBS 4. Miami: CBS Corporation. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- Wold, Rachel (August 3, 2016). "Steelers to retire hideous ‘bumblebee’ throwback uniforms". Sportsnaut.com. Sportsnaut. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- Shaw, Morgan (2016-10-19). "Falcons to Bring Back ’66 Throwback Uniforms". Atlantafalcons.com. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- Tesfatsion, Master. "Redskins players, and fans, hope the burgundy pants are here to stay". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
- Pelissero, Tom (March 21, 2016). "NFL lifts prime-time flex scheduling restriction for Week 17". USA Today. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
- "NFL continues suspension of local TV blackout policy for 2016". Sports Illustrated. Time Inc. March 28, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- "NFL Ready To Accept New Bids For Thursday Night Package, Including Streaming Companies". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- "CBS & NBC To Share ‘Thursday Night Football’ With NFL Network; League Eyes "Tri-Cast" With Digital Partner". Deadline.com. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- Brodkin, Jon (5 April 2016). "Twitter buys NFL streaming rights for 10 Thursday Night Football games". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Thielman, Sam. "Yahoo kills off Screen video service less than four years after launch". The Guardian. New York City. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- Toonkel, Jessica (January 8, 2016). "Exclusive: NFL to live-stream all London games, in talks with Apple, Google". Thomson Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- Toonkel, Jessica (April 11, 2016). "NFL decides against live stream of London games next season". Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo!. Reuters. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Mandell, Nick (May 9, 2016). "ESPN confirms that Mike Tirico will leave network; will be replaced by Sean McDonough on MNF". USA Today. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Ourand, John (April 25, 2016). "Sources: ESPN Mainstay Mike Tirico Leaving To Join NBC". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Raissman, Bob (August 20, 2016). "Al Michaels, not Mike Tirico, will be calling NFL games on Thursday for NBC". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- McIntyre, Jason (May 26, 2016). "Chris Berman's Contract Won't Be Renewed at ESPN, Who Replaces Him?". USA Today. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- "The NFL Ratings Page". SportsMediaWatch.com. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "2015 NFL Football Attendance – National Football League – ESPN". Espn.go.com.
- "2017 NFL Football Attendance - National Football League - ESPN". ESPN.com.