Lincoln Red Imps F.C.
Lincoln Red Imps Football Club is a semi-professional football club from Gibraltar. They play in the Gibraltar Premier Division, and share the Victoria Stadium with all clubs in the territory. They are the record champion with 22 league titles, the last 14 of which have been consecutive. The football club was first formed in 1976 by Charles Polson and Charles Head, when this Lincoln team became old enough to play Senior Football, it was decided to enter this young team into the GFA second division. The team started to climb to the top in the division in the season 1981–82 winning the league. The next year Lincoln finished in mid table in the first division, in 1983–84 Lincoln won the league and promotion to the Gibraltar Premier Division. Lincoln won 14 Gibraltar Premier Division titles in a row from 2003 to 2016 and they also won the national treble of League, Rock Cup and Senior Cup in 2004,2005,2006,2007,2008 and 2011. In 2014, after Gibraltar had joined UEFA as the 54th member, after claiming a 1–1 draw in the home match, they lost 5–2 at Faroese team HB and were eliminated in the first qualifying round. In the First Qualifying Round Lincoln were drawn against FC Santa Coloma of Andorra, the match was Brendan Rodgers first competitive fixture as manager of Celtic. In the return leg, the Red Imps were defeated 3–0, after converting a penalty, a second half goal was conceded and the game ended in a draw. Notes 1Q, First qualifying round 2Q, Second qualifying round Like all other Gibraltarian clubs, Lincoln shares the 5, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, official website Lincoln Red Imps F. C. Twitter account UEFA profile
Europa FC are a football club from Gibraltar who play in the Gibraltar Premier Division. As with all clubs in the territory, Europa FC currently share the Victoria Stadium on Winston Churchill Avenue. The club was founded in 1925 and it was continuously active up to 1970. The name change was cleared by UEFA and the Gibraltar Football Association has granted back the honours the club lost when it folded initially, in 2014 they were the first team from Gibraltar to play the UEFA Europa League after they finished runners-up in the Rock Cup. They lost the first match 0–3 against FC Vaduz from Liechtenstein, in the second leg they lost 1–0 at home, resulting in a 4–0 aggregate defeat. In 2015 the club had Gibraltars first player to appear at an international tournament. In 2015 the club was renamed to their original name Europa FC, the side entered the UEFA Europa League once again, without a manager as Dimas Carrasco had not yet been appointed. The side lost 9–0 on aggregate to SK Slovan Bratislava with a new side that received criticism from fans due to the lack of Gibraltarian players. Another season in 2nd place followed, although July 2016 did see Europa win their first continental cup tie, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official Website Europa F. C. on Twitter College Europa FC at UEFA. com
Gibraltar Phoenix F.C.
Gibraltar Phoenix FC are a football club from Gibraltar who play in the Gibraltar Second Division. They won promotion after finished second in the Second Division in 2012–13. Gibraltar Phoenix was first founded in 2011 by Club President Nicholas Gaiviso and was registered as a Gibraltar Football Associated member in 2012. The club is made up of individuals who are passionate about football and this allos the team to pursue their passion for football, but also help with their widely recognised skills such as teamwork. The clubs aim is to not only be successful and compete at the highest level and they have, however, the distinction of having competed in their domestic league while failing to score a single draw, never mind a single victory, during a league season. During the 2013–2014 Phoenix were relegated from the Premier Division and so started 2014–2015 in the Second Division and they finished this season in 4th place 14 points behind the 2nd-place finish which would have secured them promotion back to the top flight at the first attempt. The side lost their first two games of the 2016–17 season due to forfeits on account of the new Home Grown Player rule in effect in Gibraltar. After filling their quota for domestic players, Phoenix saw a turnaround in form which included a club record 20-1 defeat of Angels, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Gibraltar Phoenix F. C. on Twitter Gibraltar Phoenix F. C. on Facebook
F.C. Hound Dogs
FC Hound Dogs is a football & futsal club from Gibraltar. They play their football in the Gibraltar Second Division and the Rock Cup, FC Hound Dogs offers young footballers in Gibraltar the platform and opportunity to play football and futsal. The club operates a strict rotation policy where the focus is on giving everyone game time, the club was founded in the summer of 2012 by Chris Gomez, Carl Bradford, David Bradford and Ercan Mehmet. The four of them set up the club from scratch, Chris and Tyrone had both been involved in coaching youth football for many years in Gibraltar, and as a result, had a group of young players interested in signing for them. When SJ Corinthians folded at the end of the 2011–12 season, these players had no club to play for. In their inaugural season, FC Hound Dogs finished in a respectable 4th position in Gibraltar Second Division with 30 points from 18 matches. They took 4 points from 2 games against eventual league champions Europa FC and they also had the joint best defensive record in the league, conceding just 22 goals in their 18 league game. Like the previous season, FC Hound Dogs finished with the best defensive record in the league, another slow start and a run of disappointing results saw FC Hound Dogs at the foot of the table for the first time in their existence. December proved to be the turning point yet again, a victory against Boca Juniors F. C. boosted confidence going into 2015, who eventually went on to win 4–3 in a tense battle before Christmas. That performance was followed up by a victory against Cannons F. C. to kick off 2016, goals were hard to come by but they battled until the end and managed to get 2 wins and a draw in their remaining 6 matches to finish the season in 10th. Due to a number of teams dropping out of the league, FC Hound Dogs were given a reprieve, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Europa Point F.C.
Europa Point F. C. is a football team from Gibraltar. They are the 2015–16 Gibraltar Second Division Champions and will compete in the 2016–17 Gibraltar Premier Division season, the club formed in 2014 amidst the growing interest in association football on the territory of Gibraltar. Before their maiden season, the club announced a partnership with Chesterfield in League One. In preparation for the new season in the Premier Division they have signed many players including Ex Norwich players George Jermy, canadians Will Sykes and Uday Arora as well as Charles Mallmann and Álvaro Arias Pérez. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. 2014–15 Gibraltar Second Division Cup 2015–16 Gibraltar Second Division Cup 2015–16 Gibraltar Second Division Europa Point F. C. on Twitter
Mons Calpe S.C.
Mons Calpe S. C. is a football team from Gibraltar. They play in the Gibraltar Premier Division after beating Britannia XI in the relegation playoff, mons Calpe was formed in 2013 after Gibraltars admittance to UEFA sparked a boom in interest in football on the Rock. After an impressive season in the 2013-14 Gibraltar Second Division. However, the club succumbed to a 2-0 defeat to St Josephs in the playoff that year. A victory in that game saw the club seal their first ever season in the top flight of Gibraltarian football. The summer after gaining promotion, the management aspect of the club went through a total reconstruction as to professionalise the club even further. The club also saw the signings of former Football League players such as Hugo Colace, after a poor run of form in winter saw them slip from 3rd to 5th, William was sacked on 16 January and replaced by Terrence Jolley on an interim basis. On March 17, Italian manager Mauro Ardizzone was appointed manager, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. C
Gibraltar United F.C.
Gibraltar United F. C. is a football team from Gibraltar. Founded in 1943 in the midst of World War Two, they play in the Gibraltar Football Leagues Premier Division, in 2011 Gibraltar United joined forces with fellow local club Lions Football Club, with the clubs new name Lions Gibraltar FC who played in Gibraltars Premier Division. In 2014 the club announced their reformation as an independent club and played in the Gibraltar Football Leagues second tier again in the 2014–15 season. Gibraltar United would represent Gibraltarians and play against the UK based regiments, the club had a prestigious history until its merger with Lions FC, having won 11 league titles in its history. In 2014 the club became independent of Lions once again and competed in the Gibraltar Second Division, in April 2017, the club entered partnerships with Turicum Bank and former Real Madrid defender Michel Salgado, with the latter becoming a director at the club. His arrival has reportedly backed by Qatari investment. Squad as of 23 December 2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Gibraltar Premier Division 111947,1948,1949,1950,1951,1954,1960,1962,1964,1965,2002 Gibraltar Second Division 1 2014–15 Rock Cup 41947,1999,2000,2001
Manchester 62 F.C.
Manchester 62 F. C. is a football club based in Gibraltar. The club was known as Manchester United F. C. in honour of Manchester United. The clubs crest was altered also to reflect the name change, Manchester 62 is currently a member of the Gibraltar Premier Division. The club, like all others in the territory, currently play at the Victoria Stadium on Winston Churchill Avenue and they play in the Gibraltar Football Leagues First Division. United play their games in the Victoria Stadium. 2000–2002, Manchester United Eurobet Football Club, 2009–2013, Manchester United Digibet Football Club. The club is sponsored by the Gibraltarian branch of the Spanish fuel company CEPSA. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. C
Lynx F. C. is a football club from the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. They play in the Gibraltar Football Associations Premier Division, the club colours are yellow and black. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Lynx FC official website GFA official website
St Joseph's F.C.
St Joseph’s Football Club, created in 1912, is a football club based in Gibraltar. It has two teams, one playing in Gibraltar’s First Division, and the other playing in the Reserves League. The Club also has two Futsal teams and over 10 youth teams, in 2013 they established links as a feeder club to Real Balompédica Linense. The Club was granted an official UEFA licence in 2015, Gibraltar Football League,11996 Rock Cup Titles,91979,1983,1984,1985,1987,1992,1996,2012,2013 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, official website St Josephs F. C. on Twitter
F.C. Britannia XI
FC Britannia XI was a club side who played their football in the Gibraltar Premier Division and the Gibraltar Second Division. The club, like all others in the territory, play at the Victoria Stadium on Winston Churchill Avenue, in 2014 they secured promotion back to the Premier Division after winning the Second Division title. Their first season saw them avoid relegation due to the leagues expansion, the club began their second season in the top-flight well under Alan Arruda, being third for the majority of the first half of the season. Victoria Stadium is a stadium in Gibraltar. It is currently used mostly for football matches and holds about 5,000 people and it is located close to the Gibraltar Airport just off Winston Churchill Avenue. It was named after the wife of Gibraltarian philanthropist John Mackintosh, Gibraltar Premier Division – 1907–08, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1917–18, 1919–20, 1936–37, 1940–41, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1960–61, 1962–63. Gibraltar Second Division – 2013–14 Rock Cup –1937,1940,1948, adidas Joma Football in Gibraltar Gibraltar Football Association List of football clubs in Gibraltar Official site of the Gibraltar Football Association
Lions Gibraltar F.C.
Lions Gibraltar is a professional football club in Gibraltar. They play in the top level league, the Gibraltar Premier Division. They were created by a merger of Gibraltar United F. C. after a quiet 45-year history, the club merged with league giants Gibraltar United in 2011 to create a much stronger side. After 3 years, however, Gibraltar United broke away to form their own once again in 2014. In February 2015 the club announced plans to become a club with Premier League club Swansea City, however. After a disappointing season in which the finished bottom of the league. Significant investment by the new ownership meant that Lions would now become a club with the aim of toppling Lincoln Red Imps dominance. The following season saw improvement, with the club finishing 4th. On May 31, the board announced former national team coach David Wilson as their new manager for the 2016–17 season, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, official website Lions Gibraltar F. C. on Twitter
Angels F. C. is a football team from Gibraltar. They play in the Gibraltar Premier Division and the Rock Cup, angels Football Club formed in 2014, after the rising interest in association football on the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. In July 2014 it was announced that the club would compete in the Gibraltar Second Division for its maiden season, the club, despite finishing second, was awarded promotion due to the GFAs decision to expand the Gibraltar Premier Division to 10 teams. The side sacked Juanfran Fernandez Perez in July 2015, with Albert Ferry coming in as his replacement, on 7th November 2016, Lewis Fraser took over from Joel Williams, who left to coach in India. Lewis comes with experience from youth academies in the UK, as a result of the loss of a number of players, the side suffered a record 20-1 defeat to Gibraltar Phoenix on 16th November 2016, having only been able to field 9 players. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Joseph Louis Chipolina is a Gibraltar international footballer who plays for Lincoln Red Imps of the Gibraltar Premier Division as a left back or left winger. He is his nations most-capped player of all time, having played all 23 of their matches, Chipolina began his career with Linense of the Spanish Segunda División B and Tercera División, the third and fourth tier of the Spanish football league system respectively, between 2007 and 2012. In 2011–12, Chipolina played one season at CD San Roque of the Tercera División, in March 2012, Chipolina earned a week-long trial at Leyton Orient of Englands League One. Chipolina and San Roque terminated his contract by mutual consent in April 2012, in total, Chipolina made 26 appearances for the club. In December 2015 Chipolina was offered trials with three Scottish clubs, including Hibernian, however, the trials were cancelled at the last moment because of apparent contract complications with his Lincoln Red Imps. Between 2007 and 2013, Chipolina appeared in seven matches for Gibraltar, One of his caps came in a friendly match against England C which garnered interest in the player from Leyton Orient and Scotlands Livingston. He was also a part of the squad competed in the 2011 Island Games. After Gibraltar was accepted as a member of UEFA, Chipolina was selected as part of the 23-man squad for Gibraltars official debut against Slovakia on 19 November 2013, Chipolina made his international debut in the match, a start in the eventual 0–0 draw. As of match played 25 March 2017, scores and results list Gibraltars goal tally first. Chipolina works as a clerk in Gibraltar. BDFutbol profile Joseph Chipolina – UEFA competition record Joseph Chipolina at Soccerway
Liam Walker is a Gibraltarian footballer who plays for Europa FC and the Gibraltar national team as a midfielder. Walker began his career in Algeciras CF, making his debut on 22 October 2006 and he received his first start on 22 May 2007, against CD Mairena. He already had trials with Manchester United, Everton and Aston Villa as a teenager, in 2008 summer, Walker joined Atlético Zabal, but only appeared in eight matches, scoring six times. During the 2009–10 season, he was promoted to Linenses first team, in January 2010, he signed with UD Los Barrios, and made his debut on the 31st, against Puerto Real CF. He scored his first goal on 27 April, against Sevilla FC C, in May 2010, Walker returned to Linense, getting more playing time than his last spell, appearing in 13 matches and scoring once. In January of the year, he signed a contract with CD San Roque. In his first season, he only appeared six times and scored once, in his second season, he was the clubs topscorer and best player of the season, scoring ten goals in 30 games. In July 2012, Walker was called by Portsmouth manager Michael Appleton to train with the club and he was a part of the squad in the club pre-season matches, against Bolton Wanderers, on 4 August. In his next game, on 8 August, he scored the final goal, on 16 August, Walker signed a one-month contract with Pompey. However, due to his international clearance not being made by RFEF in time and he only made his debut on 21 August 2012, in an away match against Colchester United, coming in for Kieran Djilali who started on the bench. Walker played on the wing on his debut whilst Portsmouth captain Brian Howard, Portsmouth drew with Colchester 2–2, with goals for Pompey through Luke Rodgers and Jordan Obita. Walker hit the post early in the half and also assisted Rodgers in the first goal of the match. He then started in the two games, before being dropped to the bench. Walker only received a three months later, against Yeovil Town, on 29 December. Walker scored his first league goal for Portsmouth against Scunthorpe United on 2 February 2013 and he scored his second on the 16th, against Carlisle United, from the penalty spot. Walker finished the season with three assists, only behind Jed Wallace and Howard, at the end of the season, Walker was challenged to earn a new deal by manager Guy Whittingham. However, on 9 July, Walker announced that he would join a Greek club and it was reported that Walker turned up at a training base of Dundee United in Spain without notice and requested a possible trial. This was however refused by Dundee Uniteds management and he was also linked to a move for Aris Thessaloniki, but the deal fell through
Victoria Stadium (Gibraltar)
Victoria Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Gibraltar. It is currently used mostly for football matches, but also hosts the yearly Gibraltar Music Festival and it is located close to the Gibraltar Airport just off Winston Churchill Avenue. It was named after the wife of Gibraltarian philanthropist John Mackintosh, the ground has also hosted cricket matches since 1993. The ground hosted its first cricket match when Marylebone Cricket Club visited Gibraltar in 1993 between Gibraltar and the MCC, the Europa Point plans have been scrapped by the local government of Gibraltar. Football in Gibraltar Sport in Gibraltar Media related to Victoria Stadium at Wikimedia Commons
By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spains capital and largest city is Madrid, other urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago, in the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and later by the Moors. Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a power and a major developed country with the worlds fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the span is the Phoenician word spy. Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean the land where metals are forged, two 15th-century Spanish Jewish scholars, Don Isaac Abravanel and Solomon ibn Verga, gave an explanation now considered folkloric. Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem. This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had given a kingdom in Spain. He became related by marriage to Espan, the nephew of king Heracles, Heracles later renounced his throne in preference for his native Greece, leaving his kingdom to his nephew, Espan, from whom the country of España took its name. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c.350 BCE, Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians, Basques and Celts. Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe´s most ancient cities Cadiz, Phoenician influence expanded as much of the Peninsula was eventually incorporated into the Carthaginian Empire, becoming a major theater of the Punic Wars against the expanding Roman Empire. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule, during the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa. In a process took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula. The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas, a global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries. Continued wars and other problems led to a diminished status. The Napoleonic invasions of Spain led to chaos, triggering independence movements that tore apart most of the empire, eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area of 6.7 km2 and shares its border with Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the landmark of the region. At its foot is a populated city area, home to over 30,000 Gibraltarians. An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne, the territory was subsequently ceded to Great Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Today Gibraltars economy is based largely on tourism, online gambling, financial services, the sovereignty of Gibraltar is a major point of contention in Anglo-Spanish relations as Spain asserts a claim to the territory. Gibraltarians overwhelmingly rejected proposals for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum, under the Gibraltar constitution of 2006, Gibraltar governs its own affairs, though some powers, such as defence and foreign relations, remain the responsibility of the British government. The name Gibraltar is the Spanish derivation of the Arabic name Jabal Ṭāriq, earlier, it was known as Mons Calpe, a name of Phoenician origin and one of the Pillars of Hercules. The pronunciation of the name in modern Spanish is, evidence of Neanderthal habitation in Gibraltar between 28,000 and 24,000 BP has been discovered at Gorhams Cave, making Gibraltar possibly the last known holdout of the Neanderthals. Within recorded history, the first inhabitants were the Phoenicians, around 950 BC, subsequently, Gibraltar became known as one of the Pillars of Hercules, after the Greek legend of the creation of the Strait of Gibraltar by Heracles. The Carthaginians and Romans also established semi-permanent settlements, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, Gibraltar came briefly under the control of the Vandals. The area later formed part of the Visigothic Kingdom of Hispania from 414 AD until the Islamic conquest of Iberia in 711 AD, in 1160, the Almohad Sultan Abd al-Mumin ordered that a permanent settlement, including a castle, be built. It received the name of Medinat al-Fath, on completion of the works in the town, the Sultan crossed the Strait to look at the works and stayed in Gibraltar for two months. The Tower of Homage of the Moorish Castle remains standing today, from 1274 onwards, the town was fought over and captured by the Nasrids of Granada, the Marinids of Morocco and the kings of Castile. In 1462, Gibraltar was finally captured by Juan Alonso de Guzmán, after the conquest, King Henry IV of Castile assumed the additional title of King of Gibraltar, establishing it as part of the comarca of the Campo Llano de Gibraltar. In 1501, Gibraltar passed back to the Spanish Crown, the occupation of the town by Alliance forces caused the exodus of the population to the surrounding area of the Campo de Gibraltar. As the Alliances campaign faltered, the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht was negotiated and ceded control of Gibraltar to Britain to secure Britains withdrawal from the war. Unsuccessful attempts by Spanish monarchs to regain Gibraltar were made with the siege of 1727 and again with the Great Siege of Gibraltar, during the American War of Independence
Ryan Casciaro is a Gibraltarian footballer who plays for Gibraltar Premier Division side Lincoln Red Imps and the Gibraltar national team, where he plays as a defender. Casciaro made his debut with Gibraltar on 19 November 2013 in a 0-0 home draw with Slovakia. This was Gibraltars first game since being admitted to UEFA, as of match played 7 September 2014. Casciaro is a Policeman for the Gibraltar Defence Police and his brothers Kyle and Lee have also played with Gibraltars national side. Ryan Casciaro at National-Football-Teams. com Ryan Casciaro – UEFA competition record Ryan Casciaro at Soccerway
Captain (association football)
The team captain is usually identified by the wearing of an armband. The only official responsibility of a captain specified by the Laws of the Game is to participate in the toss prior to kick-off. Contrary to what is said, captains have no special authority under the Laws to challenge a decision by the referee. However, referees may talk to the captain of a side about the general behaviour when necessary. At an award-giving ceremony after a fixture like a cup competition final, any trophy won by a team will be received by the captain who will also be the first one to hoist it. The captain also generally leads the teams out of the room at the start of the match. The captain generally provides a point for the team, if morale is low. Captains may join the manager in deciding the first team for a certain game, in youth or recreational football, the captain often takes on duties, that would, at a higher level, be delegated to the manager. A club captain is usually appointed for a season, if he is unavailable or not selected for a particular game, then the club vice-captain will be appointed to perform a similar role. The match captain is the first player to lift a trophy should the team win one, a good example of this was in the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final when match captain Peter Schmeichel lifted the trophy for Manchester United as club captain Roy Keane was suspended. In the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final, match captain Frank Lampard jointly lifted the trophy for Chelsea with club captain John Terry, a club may appoint two distinct roles, a club captain to represent the players in a public relations role, and correspondent on the pitch. After Neville retired in 2011, regular starter Nemanja Vidić was named as club captain, são Paulos Rogério Ceni is the player who has worn the captains armband the most times. A vice-captain is a player that is expected to captain the side when the captain is not included in the starting eleven, or if, during a game. Examples include Manuel Neuer succeeding Philipp Lahm at Bayern Munich, Marcelo attaining from Sergio Ramos at Real Madrid C. F, gary Cahill being the understudy of John Terry at Chelsea FC and Lionel Messi taking over from Andrés Iniesta at FC Barcelona. Similarly, some clubs also name a 3rd captain to take the role of captain when both the captain and vice-captain are unavailable, during the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, Germany had three captains. Michael Ballack had skippered the team since 2004, including the successful qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup. Lahm ended up becoming the permanent captain of Germany, as Ballack was never called up for the national team
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country on the Iberian Peninsula in Southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, to the west and south it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east and north by Spain. The Portugal–Spain border is 1,214 kilometres long and considered the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union, the republic also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. The territory of modern Portugal has been settled, invaded. The Pre-Celts, Celts, Carthaginians and the Romans were followed by the invasions of the Visigothic, in 711 the Iberian Peninsula was invaded by the Moors, making Portugal part of Muslim Al Andalus. Portugal was born as result of the Christian Reconquista, and in 1139, Afonso Henriques was proclaimed King of Portugal, in the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the worlds major economic, political and military powers. Portugal monopolized the trade during this time, and the Portuguese Empire expanded with military campaigns led in Asia. After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories, Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe and a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today. Portugal is a country with a high-income advanced economy and a high living standard. It is the 5th most peaceful country in the world, maintaining a unitary semi-presidential republican form of government and it has the 18th highest Social Progress in the world, putting it ahead of other Western European countries like France, Spain and Italy. Portugal is a pioneer when it comes to drug decriminalization, as the nation decriminalized the possession of all drugs for use in 2001. The early history of Portugal is shared with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula located in South Western Europe, the name of Portugal derives from the joined Romano-Celtic name Portus Cale. Other influences include some 5th-century vestiges of Alan settlements, which were found in Alenquer, Coimbra, the region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Neanderthals and then by Homo sapiens, who roamed the border-less region of the northern Iberian peninsula. These were subsistence societies that, although they did not establish prosperous settlements, neolithic Portugal experimented with domestication of herding animals, the raising of some cereal crops and fluvial or marine fishing. Chief among these tribes were the Calaicians or Gallaeci of Northern Portugal, the Lusitanians of central Portugal, the Celtici of Alentejo, a few small, semi-permanent, commercial coastal settlements were also founded in the Algarve region by Phoenicians-Carthaginians. Romans first invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 219 BC, during the last days of Julius Caesar, almost the entire peninsula had been annexed to the Roman Republic. The Carthaginians, Romes adversary in the Punic Wars, were expelled from their coastal colonies and it suffered a severe setback in 150 BC, when a rebellion began in the north
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a federal republic in the southern half of South America. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one. The country is subdivided into provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system, Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The earliest recorded presence in the area of modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century, Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest developed nation in the world by the early 20th century, Argentina retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs, and is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America and is a member of the G-15 and it is the country with the second highest Human Development Index in Latin America with a rating of very high. Because of its stability, market size and growing high-tech sector, the description of the country by the word Argentina has to be found on a Venice map in 1536. In English the name Argentina probably comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, Argentina means in Italian of silver, silver coloured, probably borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine of silver > silver coloured already mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the form of argentin and derives of argent silver with the suffix -in. The Italian naming Argentina for the country implies Argentina Terra land of silver or Argentina costa coast of silver, in Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is often used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said lArgentina. The name Argentina was probably first given by the Venitian and Genoese navigators, in Spanish and Portuguese, the words for silver are respectively plata and prata and of silver is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin. The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region, the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name Argentine Republic in legal documents. The name Argentine Confederation was also used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the name as Argentine Republic
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the name England is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means land of the Angles. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages, the Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape. An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins. Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6,000 years