The Azadegan League is one of two fully professional football leagues in Iran, and the second-highest professional league in the Iranian football league system after the Persian Gulf Pro League. The top two teams from the group automatically get promoted to the Persian Gulf Pro League, the three worst teams are directly relegated to the 2nd Division. In 1991 the league was founded as Irans top division, but, after the creation of the Persian Gulf Pro League in 2001, the Azadegan League was declared as the second highest football league in the county. Since the leagues inception as the second division in 2001. Paykan has come the closest to achieving the feat, finishing as runners-up in the 2005–06 season, in the summer of 2015 the format of the league was changed from a two group league to a one group and 20 team league. The format was changed after the 2015–16 season as the number of teams was reduced to 18. The first national league in Iran after the revolution was founded in 1989 with the name of Qods League, Esteghlal became winners of the first edition of the league. In 1991, the league was named to Azadegan League in honor of the Iranian prisoners of war who were released. The number of teams, playing in the league, varied from year to year, pas and Saipa dominated the league in the first four years. Pas and Esteghlal both were able to capture Asian Club Championships in the early 1990s. By the mid-90s Persepolis and Esteghlal regained their dominant form and the champions in the period of 1995-2001 was either Esteghlal or Persepolis. Until 2001 the league was the highest division football league in Iran, the Persian Gulf Pro League was created and since then, the Azadegan League became the second-highest division in the Iranian football league system. All teams in the Azadegan League are entered in the Hazfi Cup, if any club from the Azadegan League wins the cup, since 2001, when Azadegan League became the second-highest division league, no team from Azadegan League has become Hazfi Cup champion. Gostaresh Foolad is the club from the Azadegan League that has reached the final of the Hazfi Cup. The Azadegan League consists of two subdivisions, each having 12 teams, the eleventh and twelfth placed teams in the groups are automatically relegated to the 2nd division. Sometimes the playoff match format is not used and one takes place between the teams on a neutral ground instead. Since the 2001–02 season, fifteen seasons of the Azadegan League have been completed, the table below shows the total ranking for the all football clubs competing in all 15 seasons. Teams in bold compete in 2016–17 season
Naft Masjed Soleyman F.C.
Naft Masjed Soleyman Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Masjed-Soleyman, Iran. They currently compete in the Azadegan League as they were relegated at the end of 2014–15 Persian Gulf Pro League season, Naft Masjed-Soleyman is owned by the National Iranian Oil Company. Behnam Mohammadi Stadium is the home stadium and underwent renovations in 2014 to meet Persian Gulf Pro League standards. When oil was discovered in Masjed Soleyman, there was a rush of workers to the city, the Team was established in 1965 as F. C. Corona Masjed-Soleyman and was composed of Persian, British and Armenian engineers working for the National Iranian Oil Company. The team garnished it first taste of victory in 1973 when it won the Khuzestan Provincial Cup, before the revolution the most popular team in the city was Taj Masjed Soleyman. After the revolution Taj was dissolved and Naft became the most popular team in Masjed Soleyman, Naft was promoted to the Azadegan League in 2010 after a successful season in the 2nd Division. In the 2013–14 season Naft Masjed Soleyman finished first in the table with 12 wins and 7 draws and were promoted to the Persian Gulf Pro League, Naft Masjed Soleyman became the first team from the city of Masjed Soleyman to compete in the best league of Iran. Before the start of the season, the National Iranian Oil Company improved the Behnam Mohammadi Stadium to meet 2014–15 Iran Pro League conditions, in their first Iran Pro League match Naft tied 0–0 against Saipa. Naft Masjed Soleyman becomes the team in Iran Pro League that is owned by NIOC including Naft Tehran. Naft won its first ever Persian Gulf Pro League match in a 2–1 victory against Foolad on 3 October 2014, at the end of the season Naft finished last in the league and was relegated to the Azadegan League. The table below chronicles the achievements of Naft Masjed-Soleyman in various competitions since 2009, as of August 5,2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, for recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2015. Iran Pro League Official Website Players
F.C. Nassaji Mazandaran
Football Club Nassaji Mazandaran is an Iranian football club based in Qaem Shahr, Mazandaran, Iran. They currently compete in the Azadegan League, despite playing in the Iranian second tier, Nassaji has one of the highest average attendances in Iran. Nassaji Mazandaran Company established the club in 1959, Nassaji entered the Qods Cup in 1988 and soon after they entered the top division Azadegan League in 1991 and stayed there until 1995. Nassaji stayed in 2nd division until 2001 and when Iranian Football Federation decided to start a professional league, in 2004 Nassaji was relegated to 2nd Division but they were promoted back to the Azadegan League at the end of the 2005–06 season. On 3 August 2006 Nasser Hejazi signed as head-coach of Nassaji on a deal for the 2006–07 season. The following season Nassaji again finished third and was two out of a promotion play off spot. As of January 20,2014 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. The table below chronicles the achievements of Nassaji Mazandaran since 1989
F.C. Iranjavan Bushehr
Football Club Iranjavan Bushehr, commonly known as FC Iranjavan, is an Iranian football club based in Bushehr, Iran. They currently compete in the Azadegan League, the club was founded in 1948. Iranjavan Bushehr Football Club was founded in 1948 in Bushehr and is one of the oldest team in the province, the team competed in the provincial leagues for most of the 1990s. Iranjavan has never promoted to the top level of Iranian football. The table below chronicles the achievements of Iranjavan in various competitions since 1990, Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Http, //www. persianleague. com/index. php/teams/teams. sid=25&id=78&view=team Official Website Players and Results
Saba Qom F.C.
Saba Qom Football Club is an Iranian football team based in Qom, Iran and currently plays in the Persian Gulf Pro League. Saba won the 2005 edition of the Hazfi Cup and the 2005 edition of the Iranian Super Cup under Iranian football legend Ali Daei, mohemmat sazi Football Club was Iranian football club based in Tehran, Iran. They play in the 2nd Division, in 1974 a football called Mohemat Sazi was established in Tehran. The team never had any success and only played in the lower leagues of the Iranian football league system. They came close to making it to Tehrans top football league in the 1980s, in the early 1990s the club was sponsored by a company named Maham. During the later stages of the history they were sponsored by Sanam. In 2002 the clubs shares were sold to Saba Battery Company which is under the control of Irans Ministry of Defense, due to the clubs greatly improved financial status the team was able to purchase talented players and were promoted to the Iran Pro League in 2004. In the 2005 season Saba Battery also won the Iranian Super Cup, and until 2016 they remained the only team to have the title. Although Saba Battery did not have a year in Iran Pro League. Saba Battery became Runners-up after losing to Sepahan 4–2 in aggregate, since Sepahan became 5th in the Iran Pro League, that meant that Saba Battery wont be going to AFC Champions League. The team debuted in the Iran Pro League in the 2004–05 season and made the headlines when they signed Iranian legend and FIFA all-time greatest international goalscorer Ali Daei from Persepolis. With the help of Daei the team was able to secure a berth for the Asian Champions League after winning the 2005 Hazfi Cup, in the same year Saba won the Iranian Super Cup defeating league champions Foolad 4–0. After the departure of Ali Daei in 2006, Saba signed former Bosnia, in 2007 Saba once again made the final of the Hazfi Cup, this time losing 4–0 to Sepahan on aggregate. In 2008 Saba relocated to Qom because the city of Tehran had many football teams with low attendance figures, the team was renamed Saba Qom after the move. In the 2011–12 Persian Gulf Cup, Saba Qom finished 4th securing a spot for the 2013 AFC Champions League. In the play-off Saba lost to Al Shabab on penalties and failed to qualify to the group stage, in July 2015 Saba announced that legendary former Iranian footballer and coach Ali Daei would lead the club for the 2015–16 Persian Gulf Pro League season. Daei attracted several national team players to the club, namely, Hamed Lak, Ghasem Dehnavi, Amir Hossein Sadeghi, Reza Haghighi, Mohammad Ghazi. Saba started well and were within contention of an AFC Champions League in the first half of the season, for details on seasons, see List of Saba Qom F. C. seasons The table below chronicles the achievements of Saba Qom in various competitions since 2002
Rah Ahan Tehran F.C.
Rah Ahan Yazdan Sports Club is an Iranian football club based in Tehran. They currently play in the Azadegan League, Rah Ahan is one of the oldest Iranian football clubs. Rah ahan was formed in 1937 in Tehran by Iran Railways but were bought by Qeshm Air and they are one of the oldest Iranian football clubs still in existence. In 1939 Rah ahan participated in the Tehran Local League for the first time and their first official match was on 4 January 1940 against Bazargani F. C. they won the game 11–0. Nowadays Rah ahan is owned by the businessman Peyman Kianian, during the World War in the 1940s Rah Ahan dissolved its football operations, it was not until the 1950s when Rah Ahan restarted its football team. After its re-establishment the club under the name of Pirouz played on the dirt pitches near the railway station, the players of the team composed of the Railway workers. In 1955 with the arrival of Rasoul Madadnavi from Tabriz, the club was renamed to Rah Ahan and began to attract players from outside the railway company. In 1963 Rah Ahan was again re-established and were placed in the 2nd Division Tehran Local League, in 1973 the Takht Jamshid Cup, Irans first national league, was founded. In their first two years in the Cup, Rah Ahan finished a respectable 7th and 9th, in 1976 they were relegated to the 2nd Division. In their only season in the 2nd Division, Rah Ahan finished 1st in the league and were promoted to the Takht Jamshid Cup. In 1978 they were relegated to the 2nd Division. After the establishment of the Iran Pro League in 2001, Rah Ahan was placed in the second tier Azadegan League, in 2005 Rah Ahan was promoted to the Iran Pro League after a second-place finish in the Azadegan League. Since then they have mostly been a team where they have finish in the mid table. They finished 11th in the 2008–09 season and avoided the relegation in the season after on the last week, in the same year they went on tour in Turkey, beating Galatasaray A2 4–1, and losing to Super Lig side Istanbul BB 3–2. At the end of the 2012–13 season Ali Daei left Rah Ahan to sign with Persepolis, mansour Ebrahimzadeh was announced as Rah Ahans new manager for the 2013–14 season, with him at charge Rah Ahan finished an average 11th place. At the end of the season, Ebrahimzadeh announced that he is stepping down as Rah Ahans manager, former Persepolis manager Hamid Estili was named as his replacement. Rah Ahan encountered severe financial problems and under Estili the club performed poorly, shortly after Estili was fired and replaced with former Rah Ahan player Farhad Kazemi. In the 2015–16 season, Rah Ahan ran into financial troubles and this was the first time Rah Ahan will play in the Azadegan League in 12 years
Fajr Sepasi Shiraz F.C.
Fajr Shahid Sepasi Shiraz Football Club, commonly known as Fajr Sepasi Shiraz, or Fajr Sepasi, is an Iranian football club based in Shiraz, Fars, that competes in the Azadegan League. The club was founded in 1988, the football team plays their home games at the Hafezieh Stadium which has a seating capacity of 15,000. The club is owned and supported by the Basij, the club is the second highest supported team in Shiraz after local rival Bargh Shiraz and was known as Moghavemat Shahid Sepasi Shiraz Football Club between 2007 and 2011. Because of the affiliation with the Basij, there is the possibility for young players to serve their military service while playing for Fajr Sepasi. In 1988, a group of youngsters, who were from Shiraz along with Jafar Jafari and they started playing in the 2nd division of Shirazs local city league. After the death of Majid Sepasi during the Iran–Iraq War, the team was renamed in Fajr Shahid Sepasi Shiraz Football Club, the club was officially founded on 11 February 1988, the day of the Islamic Revolution. In 1991 the club had been bought by Sepah Pasdaran completely, since then it is possibly for young players to serve their military service while playing for Fajr Sepasi. In 1995 they became champions of Fars province, and in 1996 were promoted to the Azadegan League, the club has remained in the highest level of Iranian football since then, and surprised everyone when they won the Hazfi Cup in 2001. In December 2006 Sepah Pasdaran sold its shares in sport to Basij, Fajr Sepasi are now officially known as Moghavemat Shahid Sepasi Shiraz, although the name is not in common use yet. Jafar Jafari is the chairman since the establishment of the club in 1988. In 2010 for the first time in the history, the team was relegated to the Azadegan League for the 2010–2011 season. Fajr quickly rebounded gaining promotion to the Iran Pro League in 2011, at the end of the 2013–14 season Fajr Sepasi finished 14th and was relegated to the Azadegan League. In their first season back in the second tier Fajr finished 14th, the table below chronicles the achievements of Fajr Sepasi in various competitions since 1995. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, for recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2015. For details on former players, see Category, Fajr Sepasi players
Malavan Bandar Anzali Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Bandar-e Anzali, Iran. It currently plays in Irans second football league, the Azadegan League after they were relegated in 2015–16 season, the team is known to have some of the most passionate fans in Iranian football, and is one of the successful teams that is not based in Tehran. The club is owned by Iranian businessman Sirous Mahjoob and forms the part of the multisport Malavan Sport. Bahman Salehnia created the team in 1968 along with young athletes from the port city of Anzali. After some time, the Iranian Navy decided to become the main sponsor. The club never really had great success in the league but they were able to become the best non-Tehran based club, Malavan has won the Hazfi Cup on one occasions, in 1990. In 1988 Malavan participated in Asian Club Championship but after beating Saunders SC in first round they withdrew from tournament due to the Iran–Iraq War. In 2003 Malavan was relegated to the Azadegan League, they only stayed one year in the league as they were immediately promoted back to the Iran Pro League. They finished 12th in the 2008–09 and 2009–10 season, in 2010–11 season they finished 8th and reached the final of Hazfi Cup but lost to Persepolis. In the 2013–14 Iran Pro League season Malavan achieved a surprising 7th-place finish in the league, in July 2015 Malavan hired famous Iranian coach Amir Ghalenoi who had won several league titles with Esteghlal and Sepahan. Player such as Arash Afshin, Hossein Mahini and Shahab Karami joined the squad to serve their conscription period, in Ghalenois first game in charge, Malavan defeated the Hazfi Cup holders, Zob Ahan 1–0. After only three games Ghalenoi left the club and was replaced by former Persepolis manager Hamid Estili. On 13 May 2016 after a 2–0 loss to Siah Jamegan, who were behind Malavan before the match started, before the start of the 2016–17 season it was announced that controversial manager Mohammad Mayeli Kohan had been named Malavans manager. The match between Malavan and Damash or Sepidrood is known as the Gilan Derby or El Gilano and this match is one of Irans most important and heated derbys. Malavan hold the record for most wins in the derby with four since the start of the Iran Pro League in 2001, Malavan also holds the largest margin of victor when they defeated Damash 3–0 in 2005 and again in 2013. The derby is known for its fan violence. In 2008 after Malavan defeated Damash 2–1, Damash fans attacked Malavans fans and this again occurred when Malavan defeated Damash 3–0 in 2013. Malavan fans are among Irans most passionate and loyal fans, peoples daily life is tied with Malavan matches
Sanat Mes Kerman F.C.
Mes Kerman Football Club is an Iranian football team based in Kerman, Iran. They were promoted to Irans top league, the Iran Pro League and they won their first and only domestic double in 2006–2007 season with the help of Mohammad Fakori. They have been relegated at the 2013–14 season, the team is named after and sponsored by Kermans copper industries. Mes Kerman F. C. is the club of the multisport Sanat Mes Kerman Cultural. Mes Kerman Football Club was formed on 2 March 1998 by Kermans copper industry and they started playing in Iran Footballs 2nd Division and were promoted to the Azadegan League in 2000. Bijan Zolfagharnasab was appointed in 2000 as head coach of the club after the team was promoted to the Azadegan League and they was promoted to the Azadegan League in 2000–01 season. In 2005–06 season under management of Nader Dastneshan, the club was promoted to the IPL for the 2006–07 season. They started the league in 2007 with Farhad Kazemi and but he was replaced by Amir Ghalenoei halfway through the season where they finished second in the half of the season league. Parviz Mazloomi was appointed in 2008 as the coach and the club was promoted to the AFC Champions League for the first time in their history by finishing third in the league. Mes surprisingly progressed to the last 16 and but got knocked out by fellow countrymen Zob Ahan, in that same season the club finished ninth in the league. In the 2013–14 Iran Pro League season, Mes finished bottom of the league and were relegated to the Azadegan League with one matchday left, in the same season Mes reached the 2014 Hazfi Cup Final losing 1–0 to Tractor Sazi. On 27 April 2015 after a 0–0 draw against Aluminium Hormozgan, however, they lost to Esteghlal Khuzestan to miss the qualification. Riots ensued in the stadium afterwards as Mes fans set fires to the seats, in March 2016 Mes Kerman coach Begovic was replaced with Akbar Misaghian. From the foundation of the club, the kit includes an orange shirt, white shorts. White and black colours are seen in the kit. The away kit of the club is usually dominated with a white background, the club currently plays its home games at Kermans Shahid Bahonar Stadium, but the club recently announced plans to build its own football only stadium. Construction started on July 13,2004 for the 15,000 capacity stadium, the owner of the Mes Kerman FC is National Mes Company, one of the most important company in Iran. The company opened in 1940, and is based close to the city of Kerman, Kerman Province, the table below chronicles the achievements of Mes kerman since 2001
Machine Sazi F.C.
Machine Sazi Tabriz Football Club more commonly known as Machine Sazi is an Iranian football club based in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran who currently play in the Persian Gulf Pro League. The team is owned by Tabriz Municipality following a takeover in 2014, Machine Sazi were promoted to the Persian Gulf Pro League in 2016 after a 19-year absence from the top flight of Iranian football. The club competes in the Tabriz derby with rivals Tractor Sazi, Machine Sazi also has friendly rivalries with teams Gostaresh Foolad, Shahrdari Tabriz and have a friendship with Torpedo Moscow. In 1969, Machine Sazi Tabriz Industrial Group decided to create a new team by the name of Machine Sazi. Machine Sazi Tabriz football club played its first official match in 1970, the club became one of the most heavily supported teams in Tabriz after a couple of years. In 1973, the Takht Jamshid Cup was established, the Takht Jamshid Cup, was Irans first ever nationwide football league and Machine Sazi entered the league in its first year of establishment in 1973. The club participated in Takht Jamshid Cup between 1973 and 1977, like most sporting clubs in Iran, the Revolution and the Iran-Iraq War severely limited the teams activities. From 1979 to 1980 the club participated in almost no meaningful competitions, in 1980 the Tabriz Football League and Tabriz Hazfi Cup was established. Machine Sazi participated in the Tabriz Football League and Tabriz Hazfi Cup between 1980 and 1988, Machine Sazi was the most successful Tabriz Football League club, winning seven championship titles and finishing two times as runners-up. The club also won the Tabriz Hazfi Cup six times, after the war the local and provincial leagues were scrapped in favor of nationwide leagues. After the war, the Azadegan League was established as Irans national league, Machine Sazi was promoted to the Azadegan League in 1994. They stayed in the Azadegan League for two season and the club finished 8th the following year, but, in 1997 the club was relegated to the 2nd Division. Machine Sazi played in the 2nd Division between 1997 and 2001 until the Iran Pro League was formed, with the launch of Iran Pro League in 2001, Machine Sazi were placed into the Azadegan League. After a 3rd-place finish in the new Azadegan Leagues inaugural season, the club had a mixed start to the 2008–09 season in the Azadegan League. 2008 heralded major changes for Machine Sazi, as the state of the clubs finances was revealed. After a drop in form, recording 10 losses in 12 matches, in March 2008 Javad Shahlaei resigned as chairman and Farhad Sedaghat was elected chairman by the club council. Seyed Javad Mousavi was brought in as the new club manager, Machine Sazi finished 13th in the 2008–09 Azadegan League season. Thus, being relegated to 2nd Division, on 25 April 2009 the club was bought by businessman Shahram Dabiri who invested heavily in the club
Shahrdari Tabriz F.C.
Shahrdari Tabriz Cultural and Athletic Club is an Iranian sports club most widely known for its professional football team based in Tabriz, Iran. Shahrdari stopped all their teams in order not to accept the FFIRIs penalty. The teams license was moved to Pashazadeh Company, Shahrdari Tabriz also has a futsal and volleyball team. In 1986 Tabriz Municipality decided to create a new team by the name of Shahrdari Tabriz football club. They played its first official match in 1986. The club became the third most loved team in tabriz after some years, Shahrdari finished 2nd in the 2013–14 season and were promoted to the Azadegan League for the 2014–15 season. In the 2014–15 season Shahrdari only escaped relegation after defeating Esteghlal Ahvaz in the relegation play-off, before the 2015–16, due to financial problems Shahrdari dropped out of the Azadegan League and were placed in the 2nd Division. Machine Sazi took their place in the Azadegan League, the table below chronicles the achievements of Shahrdari Tabriz in various competitions since 1990
Persian Gulf Pro League
The Persian Gulf Pro League formerly known as Iran Pro League, is a professional football league competition for clubs located at the highest level of the Iranian football league system. It was founded in 1970 as the Takht Jamshid Cup, contested by 16 teams, it is ranked by the Asian Football Confederation as the 2nd best league in Asia and the best league in Western Asia. The Persian Gulf Pro League is the top tier of an extensive structure, above the Azadegan League, the 2nd division, the 3rd Division. Since the leagues creation in 2001, seven different teams have become league champions, perspolis is the most successful club with five trophies. In 1970, the Local League was created, the league included teams from all Iran in different qualifying tournaments. In 1972, the Takht Jamshid Cup was created as the national league, Pas Tehran and Persepolis were the most successful clubs in the cups five-year existence, each club winning the cup twice. In 1978, the league was abandoned because of the Iranian Revolution, due to the revolution and the Iran–Iraq War, football was no longer a priority. In 1985, the Qods League was created and was played among provincial teams, Tehran A and Esfahan were the most successful teams, each winning the league twice. In spite of attempts to create a national league, the most important competition in Iran in the 1980s was the Tehran Clubs Cup in which Persepolis dominated. In 1991, the Qods League was renamed the Azadegan League in honor of the Iranian prisoners of war who were released, Pas Tehran won the inaugural season of the league and Iran had a national league for the first time since the revolution. Pas Tehran, Persepolis, and Esteghlal were the leagues most successful sides, with Pas and Esteghlal winning the Asian Club Championships, in 2001, the league was dissolved with the introduction of the new Iran Pro League. The 2001–02 season saw the introduction of a football league in Iran. The first winner of the Iran Pro League was Persepolis, who beat archrival Esteghlal by one point on the match day. In the 2002–03 season, Sepahan won the league comfortably with seven points separating them, in the 2003–04 season, Pas Tehran won their first title after coming in second place the previous year, defending champion Sepahan finished in the 6th place. The 2004–05 season was a one as Foolad shockingly won the title. In the 2005–06 season, Tehran club Esteghlal won their first league title, on August 12,2006, the Iranian Football Federation decided to change the name of the league once again, it was changed to the Persian Gulf Cup. This was done to promote the name of the Persian Gulf, the logo of the league was also changed, with the winner being selected from over 130 designs and unveiled on November 14,2006. Saipa was the 6th team to win the new edition of the league which meant six different teams won the title in a row
Aluminium Arak F.C.
Aluminium Arak Football Club, commonly known as Aluminium Arak, is an Iranian football club based in Arak, Markazi, that competes in the Azadegan League. The club was founded as PAS Arak Football Club in 2001, the club is part of Aluminium Arak Sport and Cultural Club. The football team plays their games at the Imam Khomeini Stadium which has a seating capacity of 15,000. The club is owned and supported by the IRALCO, the club was founded as PAS Arak Football Club in 2001. They played their first year in Azadegan League and were relegated at the end of the season, in 2002 the club changed their name to Sanaye Arak Football Club. Although they did not participate in 2002–03 Iran Footballs 2nd Division they were able to play next season in Azadegan League, Sanaye Arak played six years in Azadegan League. Prior to the start of the 2007–08 season, Sanaye Arak moved from their old stadium to the new Imam Khomeini Stadium, in 2008 Sanaye Arak was bought by the Iranian Aluminium Company. Due to financial problems, Sanaye Arak was bought by the Iranian Aluminium Company in 2008 and they changed the name to Aluminium Arak Football Club. They finished fourth in that season, only one year later Aluminium Arak terminated their sports activities due to financial problems. After Aluminium Arak terminated their sports activities, Shensa took over the club, the club was known as Shensa Arak Football Club in 2009–10 Azadegan League. They finished 11th in that season, only one year later again, Hamyari Arak took over Shensa and named the club Hamyari Arak Football Club. They finished 11th in the 2010–11 Azadegan League season, in 2011 Municipality of Arak took over the club and named it Shahrdari Arak Football Club. After relegated at the end of the 2012–13 Azadegan League season, although the Iranian Aluminium Company bought the club again in 2014, Shahrdari Arak were able to play in the 2015-16 League 3 season as an own club. In summer 2014 the Iranian Aluminium Company bought the club again and they finished first in 2014–15 Iran Footballs 2nd Division and comes back to Azadegan League. They finished ninth in the 2015–16 Azadegan League season, aluminum impressed in the 2016–17 Hazfi Cup, as they defeated Persian Gulf Pro League side Paykan 1–0, before losing to five time Persian Gulf Pro League champions Sepahan. The stadium was opened in 2007 and is owned by the Iran Physical Education Organization and it is also the home venue of local rival Shahrdari Arak. The table below chronicles the achievements of Aluminium Arak in various competitions since 2001, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, for recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2016
F.C. Khooneh be Khooneh
Football Club Khooneh Be Khooneh is an Iranian football club based in Babol, Iran. They currently compete in the Azadegan League, Khooneh be Khooneh was established in 2011 in Babol, Iran. In July 2015 Khooneh be Khooneh bought the licence of Bahman Shiraz, in the same month the club named Akbar Misaghian who had experience of coaching Persian Gulf Pro League teams as head coach. Khooneh be Khooneh bought many players who had experience of playing in the Persian Gulf Pro League and at mid season they were fourth, after appointing Hamid Derakhshan midway through the season as manager, the team went on a disastrous run and missed out on promotion. However at the end of the season, Alireza Marzban the coach of Azadegan League champions Paykan announced he had taken over as manager, the table below shows the achievements of the club in various competitions. Notes R buy the right to play in Azadegan League from Bahman Shiraz, as of July 30, 2015Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Arak, also known as Soltan Abad, is the capital of Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 526,182, a major industrial city, Arak hosts several industrial factories inside and within few kilometers outside of the city, including the factory of Machine Sazi Arak and the Iranian Aluminium Company. These factories produce nearly half of the needs of the country in steel, petrochemical, as an industrial city in a developing country, Arak is subject to the issue of air pollution. The term Arāk remains from a given to the region since the medieval period. It derives from Arabic al-ʿIrāq, meaning edge, itself derived possibly from Akkadian Uruk, the term Soltān Ābād is a Persian compound word. Soltān, deriving from Arabic sulṭān, is a Near Eastern noble title given to a powerful governor, modern Persian ābād, meaning settlement or abode, derives from Middle Persian āpāt. However, according to linguist Sasha Lubotsky, the Persian term ābād might derive from Proto-Iranian *āpāta, the modern-day city of Arak was founded during the Qajar era. Between 1795 and 1797, Yusef Khan e Gorji, renamed Yusef Khan e Sepahdar by the Qajar ruler, settled his army in the fertile, hostile tribes in the region had operated autonomously from the Qajar rule. With the Shahs approval, Yusef Khan diverted the river to drive out the hostiles. According to early historians, Yusef Khan built the city with the aid of effluents. Until 1892, the town remained a base and fortress. The fortress of Soltan Abad had a wall surrounded by 7-meter-deep moats. Eight towers were constructed around the town and the building was established in its northern part. In 1891, shops, gardens, and government buildings of Soltan Abad were repaired by the order of deputy governor Mirza Hasan. Large parts of the city were annexed as personal property to the pre-existing army commanders. Under the reign of Reza Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty, the city was renamed Arak, modern factories for vegetable oil, soap, sugar beet, and wool industries were established within the city. Arak also became an important station for the Trans-Iranian Railway, a railway project directed by Reza Shah which was completed in 1938. In 1972, two major state-owned enterprises were established in the city, including an aluminum smelter and an engineering plant
Imam Khomeini Stadium
The Imam Khomeini Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Arak, Markazi, Iran with a 15,000 seating capacity. The stadium was opened in 2007 and is owned by the Iran Physical Education Organization and it is the home stadium of Aluminium Arak and Shahrdari Arak. Aluminium Arak was formerly known as PAS Arak, Sanaye Arak, Shensa Arak, Hamyari Arak, since 2015 Shahrdari Arak participate as an own club in League 3 meanwhile Aluminium Arak plays in Azadegan League
Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area, in the Classical era, part of the present-day city of Tehran was occupied by a Median city that in the Avesta occurs as Rhaga. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 13th century, the capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran. The city was the seat of the Qajars and Pahlavis, the two last imperial dynasties of Iran. It is home to historical collections, such as the royal complexes of Golestan, Sadabad. Large scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and Tehran has been a destination for the migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century. Tabiat Bridge, which was completed in 2014, is considered the third symbol of the city. There have been plans to relocate Irans capital from Tehran to another area, due mainly to air pollution, to date, no definitive plans have been approved. A2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant Mercer ranked Tehran 203rd for quality of living, according to the Global Destinations Cities Index in 2016, Tehran is among the top ten fastest growing destinations. The origin of the name Tehran is uncertain, the settlement of Tehran dates back over 7,000 years. The present-day city of Tehran was a suburb of an important Median city that was known as Rhaga in Old Persian, in the Avestas Videvdat, Rhaga is mentioned as the twelfth sacred place created by the Ohrmazd. In Old Persian inscriptions, Rhaga appears as a province and it was a major area for the Iranian tribes of Medes and Achaemenids. From Rhaga, Darius the Great sent reinforcements to his father Hystaspes, in some Middle Persian texts, Rhaga is given as the birthplace of Zoroaster, although modern historians generally place the birth of Zoroaster in Khorasan. Derived into Modern Persian as Rey, it now as a city located towards the southern end of the modern-day city of Tehran. Mount Damavand, the highest peak of Iran, which is located near Tehran, is an important location in Ferdowsis Shahname, the long Iranian epic poem that is based on the ancient epics of Iran. It appears in the epics as the birthplace of Manuchehr, the residence of Keyumars, the place where Freydun binds the dragon fiend Aži Dahāka, during the Sassanid era, in 641, Yazdgerd III issued his last appeal to the nation from Rey, before fleeing to Khorasan. Rey was dominated by the Parthian Mihran family, and Siyavakhsh—the son of Mihran the son of Bahram Chobin—who resisted the Muslim Invasion, because of this resistance, when the Arabs captured Rey, they ordered the town to be destroyed and ordered Farrukhzad to rebuild the town anew. In the 9th century, Tehran was a well known village, but less known than the city of Rey, the medieval writer Najm od Din Razi declared the population of Rey about 500,000 before the Mongol Invasion
Shiraz is the sixth-most-populous city of Iran and the capital of Fars Province. At the 2011 census, the population of the city was 1,700,665, Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran on the Roodkhaneye Khoshk seasonal river. It has a climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. Shiraz is one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia, the earliest reference to the city, as Tiraziš, is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. In the 13th century, Shiraz became a center of the arts and letters, due to the encouragement of its ruler. It was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1800, two famous poets of Iran, Hafez and Saadi, are from Shiraz, whose tombs are on the north side of the current city boundaries. Shiraz is known as the city of poets, literature, wine and it is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens, due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city, for example Eram Garden. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities, the crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design, silver-ware, pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called gilim and jajim in the villages and among the tribes. In Shiraz industries such as cement production, sugar, fertilizers, textile products, wood products, metalwork, Shirāz also has a major oil refinery and is also a major center for Irans electronic industries, 53% of Irans electronic investment has been centered in Shiraz. Shiraz is home to Irans first solar power plant, recently the citys first wind turbine has been installed above Babakoohi mountain near the city. The earliest reference to the city is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BCE, found in June 1970, the tablets written in ancient Elamite name a city called Tiraziš. Phonetically, this is interpreted as /tiračis/ or /ćiračis/ and this name became Old Persian /širājiš/, through regular sound change comes the modern Persian name Shirāz. The name Shiraz also appears on clay sealings found at a 2nd-century CE Sassanid ruin, by some of the native writers, the name Shiraz has derived from a son of Tahmuras, the third Shāh of the world according to Ferdowsis Shāhnāma. Shiraz is most likely more than 4,000 years old, the name Shiraz is mentioned in cuneiform inscriptions from around 2000 BC found in southwestern corner of the city. According to some Iranian mythological traditions, it was erected by Tahmuras Diveband. The oldest sample of wine in the world, dating to approximately 7,000 years ago, was discovered on clay jars recovered outside of Shiraz, in the Achaemenian era, Shiraz was on the way from Susa to Persepolis and Pasargadae. In Ferdowsis Shāhnāma it has said that Artabanus V, the Parthian Emperor of Iran. Ghasre Abu-Nasr which is originally from Parthian era is situated in this area, during the Sassanid era, Shiraz was in between the way which was connecting Bishapur and Gur to Istakhr
The Hafeziyeh Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Shiraz, Iran. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the stadium of Azadegan League side. The stadium also is used for matches of Bargh Shiraz F. C. in Azadegan League. The stadium holds 20,000 people and is all-seater, the stadium was the host venue of 2012 Hazfi Cup Final. The stadium is located in the Center of Shiraz in the Hafezieh district, in 1940, Irans then Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Foroughi visited Shiraz and proposed a project for Shiraz to make a bid for holding the 1976 AFC Asian Cup with Shiraz as second host city. The operation of the venue was officially begun on 1 March 1945 and after ten months. The opening match was between Bargh Shiraz and CD Castellón in a match, held on 20 January 1946 which Bargh won 1-0. The second renovation began in 2009 and the capacity of the venue was upgraded from 20,000 to 22,000 seated. The match between Fajr Sepasi and Bargh Shiraz in 2001–02 Iran Pro League was named the Shirazs most attendance match with a 20,984 fans watching the match and it was the first Shiraz derby which was Fajr won. The stadium also held four Hazfi Cup finals, the first was during 2000–01 Hazfi Cup. Fajr faced Zob Ahan and won the first leg 1-0 in Isfahan, the second leg was held in Hafezieh and Fajr won 2-1, leading to winning the title for the first time. Fajr was also a finalist in the 2001–02 Hazfi Cup, faced Esteghlal in first leg in Shiraz and it ended with a 2-1 win for Esteghlal which helped them win the title with a 2-2 draw in second leg. The final of the 2011–12 Hazfi Cup was also held at this stadium, Esteghlal beat Shahin Bushehr 4-1 on penalties on 15 March 2012 in a single match. On the occasion of the Shiraz week,12 hot air balloon flew at the time across the city for the first time in Shiraz. The ceremony was held in two stages, first in sunset and other in night. After the end of the ceremony, the floodlight was held in Hafezieh Stadium. After the criticisms about 2012 Hazfi Cup finals held in Hafezieh because of bad grass at winter, list of association football stadia by capacity Football in Iran Azadi Stadium Shiraz Stadium Fajr Sepasi F. C
Sirjan is a city in and the capital of Sirjan County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 324,103 in 95,357 families, at 1730 m, it is situated in a depression between the southern Zagros mountains to the west and the Kuh-e Bidkhan massif to the east. It is well known for its pistachios and geleem rugs and also for its Badgiir Choppoghi and this city was established in the Sasanian era and has several mineral sources including coal, iron, copper, stone and gold. Today the city is witnessing great economic growth due to its industrial sector as well as its key location in the heart of south Iran. With established strategic roads for domestic supply of goods as well as access to Bandar E Abbas for exportation of goods. Sirjan has several of the largest companies within its 100 km radius, gole Gohar Iron Ore Mine is the countries largest with estimated $2. 8B valuation. Mese Sar Cheshmeh is also the countries largest copper mine just 60 km north of Sirjan, polyTech Of Sirjan Co. with over 400 employees, is the largest domestic manufacturer in the citys Industrial Town. Gold Iran under license from LG is also a player in the city with 1,200 employees. LG assembles most of its Iranian market digital products in this location, the city is served by the Sirjan Airport. The city also has railway station near the airport, Sirjan Petrochemical Co. is currently gathering its second round of investments in order to establish the first Petrochemical Facility in the Kerman Province. Mereekh Market plans to develop the first multi-store shopping center in the downtown area. The estimated project is reported to cost $20M, Special Economic Zone, Industrial Town #1, and Industrial Town #2 continue to grow its factory base
At the 2006 census, its population was 161,674, in 40,771 families. Bushehr lies in a vast plain running along the region on the Persian Gulf coast of south-western Iran. It was the seaport of the country and is the administrative centre of its province. Its location is about 1,218 kilometres south of Tehran, Bushehr was the main trade center of Iran in the past centuries. The city structures are traditional in style, modest in proportion, due to its lack of rail connection to the interior of the country and its shallow anchorage, it has lost its position as the primary port of Iran. To the south of the present city, at Reeshire, are the remains of an earlier Elamite settlement, during the Greek Macedonian Seleucid dynasty the city was refounded as Antiochia in Persis by Seleucus Nicator. A few decades later the city was rebuilt by Seleucuss son Antiochus who transferred there colonists from Magnesia, also the Seleucid king Antiochus stayed there for a while in 205 B. C. after his campaign to the eastern provinces. Antiochia remained under Greek Seleucid rule until circa 170 B. C and it was one of the most important ports of the Sasanian navy and was named after the first king of this dynasty, Ardashir I. In the 5th century AD, Bushehr was the seat of the Nestorian Christian expansion into southern Iran, in 1737 the Dutch East India Company opened a trading post in Bushehr, which lasted until 1753. In 1763 the Arab ruler of Bushehr Sheikh Nasr Al-Madhkur granted the British East India Company the right to build a base and it was used as a base by the British Royal Navy in the late 18th century. In the 19th century, Bushehr became an important commercial port and it was occupied by British forces in 1856, during the Anglo-Persian War 1856-1857. Bushehr surrendered to the British on 9 December 1856 and it was occupied by the British again in 1915, the second time due to German intrigue, most notably by Wilhelm Wassmuss. Industries include fishing and a power plant, while the inland area produces Shiraz wine, metalwork, rugs and other textiles, cement. The Iranian navy maintains a base here, the strategic location of the city of Bushehr has been the main reason for the establishment of the port of Bushehr. During the 1st and 2nd Millennium BCE, the Peninsula of Bushehr was a thriving and flourishing seat of civilization called Rey Shahr, many relics have been found in this regard related to the Elamite era and the civilization of Shoush. These structures of Rey Shahr are said to be related to Ardeshir of Sassanid dynasty, thereby through the passage of time came to be called Rey Shahr and thence Bushehr. The Persian Gulf and consequently the province of Bushehr enjoys a remarkable situation with trade in addition to its remarkable situation regarding military affairs, for these reasons the Europeans were interested to take control of the region and the city of Bushehr. The Portuguese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 CE and attempted to take the place of the Egyptian, in 1734 Nader Shah of Afsharid dynasty chose it as the site for an Iranian naval base
Babol is the capital of Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Babol is divided into two metropolitan area, at the 2012 census, its population was 219,467, in 66,944 families. Babol is located in the north of Iran, between the slopes of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Babol is on the north-east of Tehran and is one of the most important cities in the north of Iran and it is the regions chief center. Babol is a new name for the site of the ancient city of Mamatir and it is famous for its orange farms, for which it is dubbed the city of orange blossoms. Founded in the 16th century, it was built on the site of the ancient city of Mamtir, Babol was formerly called Barforushdeh and Barforush afterwards. The city is located approximately 20 kilometers south of Caspian Sea on the west bank of BabolRud River and receives abundant annual rainfall. Babol borders Babolsar and Fereydunkenar to the north, Qaem Shahr and Savad Kooh Shomali to the east, Savad Kooh to the southeast, Firuzkuh to the South, Babol University is famous for its spectacular scenery. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean, in 2012 population census calculation of the city, the population was 219,467 people and a population of 495,472 people in the located in the city. The ruins of Shah Abbas Is palace are located in the city, Mohammad Hassan Khans Bridge is also one of the most ancient buildings of Mazandaran. It was built by the king Mohammad Hassan Khan Qajar, the ancestor of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar as the road from Babol to Amol. Now it is known as the old road of Babol to Amol, another nice scenery is Babol Noshirvani Park, which is the biggest park including playground located in the north part of Iran, located almost in the vicinity of Caspian Sea. Babol is home to important and intact forests and jungles. for instance, Shiadeh, Shiadeh is the name of a rural area near the jungle. Here are some views of Noshirvani Park and Shiadeh Jungle, Babol produces food and textiles — as well as other processed goods. There are many rice farms around the city, and, until about 20 years ago, tea, tobacco, almost 100% of the city transportation is by car, buses and other road vehicles. Thus, Babol is highly dependent on the highway network which connects the city to Babolsar at 10 km north, Amol at 30 km west. These are all new wide highways, Babol has access to an airport 55 km away and to a train station 15 km away. The ports of Fereydunkenar and Babolsar are both located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea with connection to other Caspian ports, as the largest commercial center the city of Babol also hosts large number of universities province
Bandar-e Anzali is a city in Guilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 109,687, Bandar-e Anzali is a harbour town on the Caspian Sea, close to Rasht. Bandar-e Anzali is one of the most important seaports in the north of Iran and it consists of an island called Mianposhteh and the surrounding lands. Tourist attractions include a tower called Manareh, the long harbour promenade. Bandar-e Anzali is the port where the Polish Anders Army disembarked, in an operation that lasted from April 1 until October,1942, the Polish Cemetery in the city was created the same year. This word In Pahlavi language means Anzalag and the variant Persian form of it is Anzalazh, Anzali Gulf was a safe harbour for trade ships and fishing boats. It was renamed to Pahlavi in 1935, in 1919, with the collapse of General Anton Denikins White Russian army, eighteen of his ships sought refuge in Anzali. On 18 May 1920, a Soviet flotilla of thirteen ships launched an attack on Anzali, capturing the British garrison. This allowed for the establishment of the short-lived Persian Socialist Republic, Soviet authorities denied responsibility for the attack, blaming the local Russian naval commander for attacking under his own authority. Its wonderful lagoon, Customs and City Hall edifice, Mian Poshte Palace, until 1980, when it was moved to Noshahr, Anzali was the site of the Caspian University of Naval Science. The structure Of Naser-al-din Shah Place which was built by Moayer-ol-mamalekk and its famous Sangi Bath was destroyed by people, a wonder of Sangi Bath was the system of heating and durability water in its basins. Some groups think that Motamedi edifice had been changed, it is now its police office and this Ghajar Structure built in two floors with the help of Mirza Abd-ol-Vahab. The Anzali Lagoon divides the Anzali Port in two parts, the town is connected by two bridges to the Beheshti Island. There is a processing factory in Bandar-e Anzali, some old ruins from 19th century. Tourbebar is a village about 40 kilometers from Bandar-e Anzali, near the Anzali Lagoon and it remains classified as a humid subtropical climate. The warm and humid weather has allowed this region to grow such as rice and tea that require very large amounts of moisture. Bandar-e Anzali is a center of caviar production, the preparation and marketing of which is a state monopoly, handled through The Iranian Fishing Company under the control of the Finance Ministry. The Iranian sports club Malavan is from Bandar-e Anzali, The football/soccer club Malavan currently plays in the Iran Pro League, the people of Anzali speak Gileki as the maternal language and Persian as the national language
Tabriz is the most populated city in the Iranian Azerbaijan, one of the historical capitals of Iran, and the present capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Located in the Quru River valley between the ridge of the volcanic cones of the Sahand and Eynali mountains, Tabrizs elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 metres above sea level. The valley opens up into a plain that slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia,60 kilometres to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers, the city is considered a summer resort, Tabriz is named Worlds Carpet and Crafts City, it is also appointed as the exemplary tourism city in 2018 by Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. With a population of 1.6 million, Tabriz is the biggest economic hub, the population consists mostly of Iranian Azerbaijanis and the most spoken language in the city is Azeri Turkish. Tabriz is a heavy industry hub for automobile, machine tools, refineries and petrochemical, textile. The city is famous for its handicrafts including hand-woven rugs and jewelry, local confectioneries, chocolates, dried nuts, and traditional food of Tabriz are recognized all around Iran as some of the best Iranian food. Tabriz is also a hub and a site for some of the most prestigious cultural institutes in the northwest of Iran. The city contains many historical monuments representing the transition of Iranian architecture in its long historical timelines. Most of the historical sites in the city belong to Ilkhanid, Safavid. From the early era, the city was pivotal in the development, movement. From the 19th century, it became the most important city in the country in numerous respects, as the closest Iranian hub to Europe, many aspects of the early modern modernisation in Iran started in Tabriz. During almost the entire Qajar period, it functioned as the seat for the prince as well. According to some sources, including Encyclopædia Britannica, the name Tabriz derives from tap-riz, in AD297, it became the capital of Tiridates III, king of Armenia. However, this story has an origin and no ancient source has recorded such event. This is based on accounts of Vardan, the Armenian historian in 13th century, the early history of Tabriz is not well-documented. The earliest inscription about Tabriz, referring to the city as Tarui or Tauris, is on the Assyrian King Sargon IIs epigraph in 714 BC, Tabriz has been chosen as the capital for some rulers commencing from Atropates era and his dynasty. A recent excavation at the site of the Iron Age museum, in the north of the Blue Mosque site, more likely the city has been destroyed multiple times either by natural disasters or by the invading armies
Kerman is the capital city of Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 821,374, in 221,389 households and it is the largest and most developed city in Kerman Province and the most important city in the southeast of Iran. It is also one of the largest cities of Iran in terms of area, Kerman is famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage. The city is home to many mosques and Zoroastrian fire temples. Kerman is also on the recent list of the worlds 1000 cleanest cities, Kerman became capital city of Iranian dynasties several times during its history. It is located on a large, flat plain,1,036 km south of Tehran, Kerman was founded as a defensive outpost, with the name Veh-Ardashir, by Ardeshir I, founder of the Sassanid Empire, in the 3rd century AD. After the Battle of Nahāvand in 642, the city came under Muslim rule, at first the citys relative isolation allowed Kharijites and Zoroastrians to thrive there, but the Kharijites were wiped out in 698, and the population was mostly Muslim by 725. Already in the century the city was famous for its manufacture of cashmere wool shawls. The name Kerman was adopted at some point in the tenth century, under the rule of the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th centuries, Kerman remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars. When Marco Polo visited Kerman in 1271, it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan, subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders. Kerman expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty, carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period. In 1793 Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajars, and in 1794 he captured Kerman, but soon after he was besieged in Kerman for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar. Many women and children were sold into slavery, and in ninety days the city turned into ruins, however, the Zoroastrians of Kerman who had been strong supporters of Lotf Ali Khan suffered the wrath of the founder of Qajar dynasty the most during this period. The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the 19th century to the northwest of the old city, Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e Lut in the south-central part of Iran. The city is surrounded by mountains, Kerman is also located along the Saheb Al Zman mountain. The city is 1,755 m above sea level, making it third in elevation among provincial capitals in Iran, winter brings very cold nights to Kerman. Mountains in the south and southeast Jftan Joopar and Plvar and Kerman have snow all year round, Kerman is located at latitude 30.29 and longitude 57.06. The citys many districts are surrounded by mountains that bring variety to Kermans year-round weather pattern, the northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a more moderate climate
Shahid Bahonar Stadium
Shahid Bahonar Kerman Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium, located in central Kerman, Iran. It is used mostly for football matches, the stadium is able to hold 15,000 people and was opened in 2007. Shahid Bahonar Stadium is home venue of Azadegan League side, Mes Kerman Athletic and it is named in honour of former Iranian Prime Minister, Mohammad-Javad Bahonar who was assassinated in 1981. Mes Kerman announced in November 2003 that it has plans to build its own stadium with a 45,000 capacity to be replaced with Salimikia Stadium. The building progress of the stadium was started on 13 July 2004 and was ends on 12 March 2007. The stadium was opened on 1 December 2007. The stadium is located on a site with an area of 54 acres, tart paste of the stadium is also in accordance with international standards for the triple jump, length, and height, as well as throwing the disc, hammer, javelin and weight is capable. The stadium hosted 2014 AFC U-19 Championship qualification Group Ds matches which was included Iran, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Iran qualified for the final round as groups winner. The final match of 2013–14 Hazfi Cup was also hosted by the Shahid Bahonar Stadium, the opening ceremony of the stadium was held on 1 December 2007 but the first match that held in the stadium was a Iran Pro League match against Pas Hamedan on 22 January 2008
Rafsanjan is a city in and the capital of Rafsanjan County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 136,388 and it is Irans center of pistachio cultivation. It had an population of 134,848 in 2005. Rafsanjan is also a center of carpet production even though the rugs are sold as Kermani rugs rather than Rafsanjani ones. Another large employer is the nearby Sarcheshmeh copper mines, ali Samereh, Iranian football player Mark Amin, vice president of Lions Gate Entertainment production company. The Local Agenda for Sustainable Development is seeking a strategy aimed at managing the living space, any habitat calls for real, healthy, manageable and last but not least its particular development system. In such a system, most of the potentials of the region should turn into opportunities for its development and this program is one of the most precise methods, is harmonious with the development context, finds the required resources and evaluates and uses them for the development purposes. Local Agenda 21 for Rafsanjan is aimed at the development of the city of Rafsanjan, the devel¬opment priorities, infrastructure and necessary projects are determined by the citizens and city managers
Qaem Shahr pronunciation (Persian, قائم شَهر, also Romanized as Qā’em Shahr, formerly known as Shāhi is a city in and the capital of Qaem Shahr County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population is 300,000, originally known as Aliyabad, the name Ŝâhi was used until the Iranian Revolution in 1979 when the city acquired its current name. The city is situated 237 kilometres north-east of Tehran,20 kilometres southeast of Babol, in 1951, Qaem Shahrs population was around 18,000, growing to 123,684 in 1991. The city has a lot of problems with the growing population, although the maze of Seyyed Mahalleh has kept its old shape, the old houses with gardens are replaced with apartment buildings. The roads are too small, especially in the center of the town. World and Olympic champion weightlifter Behdad Salimi hails from Qaem Shahr, as well as Mansour Sadeghi, the city is where the North Iranian railway quits the fertile plains of Mazandaran to cross the highest mountain range of the Middle East, the Elburz