Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Teignmouth is a town and civil parish in Teignbridge in the English county of Devon, situated on the north bank of the estuary mouth of the River Teign about 14 miles south of Exeter. It has a population of 14,749, in 1690, it was the last place in England to be invaded by a foreign power. Today, its port still operates and the remains a popular seaside holiday location. The first record of Teignmouth, Tengemuða, meaning mouth of the stream, was in 1044, there were originally two villages, East and West Teignmouth, separated by a stream called the Tame, which emptied into the Teign through marshland by the current fish quay. Neither village is mentioned in the Domesday Book, but East Teignmouth was granted a market by charter in 1253, the Tame now runs under the town in culverts and is only visible higher up the town as Brimley Brook, joined by smaller streams such as the Winterbourne. Documents indicate that Teignmouth was a significant port by the early 14th century and it was attacked by the French in 1340 and sent seven ships and 120 men to the expedition against Calais in 1347. Its relative importance waned during the 15th century, and it did not figure in a record of 1577. This may have due to silting up of the harbour caused by tin mining on Dartmoor. During the 17th century, in common with other Channel ports, Teignmouth ships suffered from raids from Dunkirkers and it is possible that smuggling was the towns most significant trade at this time, though cod fishing in Newfoundland was also of great importance. A petition to the Lord Lieutenant from the described the incident. After examining creditable persons the Justices of the Peace concluded that, by the late horrid invasion there were within the space of 12 houres burnt downe and consumed 116 dwelling houses. As a result, the Crown issued a brief that authorised the collection of £11,000 for the aid of the town. Churches from as far afield as Yorkshire contributed, and the collections enabled the development of the port. This was the last invasion of England, and French Street with its museum is named in memory of the occasion. In the 1600s and 1700s there are records of a windmill on the Den - an area that was then a large sand dune, by 1759 this windmill was demolished. In the late 18th century, privateering was common in Teignmouth, in 1779 the French ship LEmulation with a cargo of sugar, coffee and cotton was offered for sale at Rendles Great Sale Room in the town. Teignmouth people fitted out two privateers, the Dragon with 16 guns and 70 men, and the Bellona, described as carrying 16 guns,4 cohorns and 8 swivels. The Bellona set sail on her first voyage in September 1779, the Newfoundland fisheries continued to provide the main employment into the early 19th century and, fortuitously for the town, as the fisheries declined the prospect of tourism arose
Torquay United F.C.
Torquay United Football Club is a professional association football club based in Torquay, Devon, England. The club participates in the National League, the tier of English football. They are based at Plainmoor and are managed by player-manager. The original Torquay United was formed in 1899 by a group of school-leavers under the guidance of Sergeant-Major Edward Tomney, relations between the two Torquay clubs were poor, but in 1921 matters finally came to a head. From 1923 onwards the league was split into Eastern and Western halves, in 1925, the club battled through five qualifying rounds to reach the first round proper of the FA Cup for the first time in the clubs history. Captain Percy Mackrill lead the team through two 1–1 draws before a strong Reading side won the second replay 2–0 at Plainmoor. The club then went on to lose the Southern League Championship final against the Eastern Champions Brighton & Hove Albion Reserves 4–0, finally the town of Torquay had a professional league team and had joined Plymouth and Exeter in the football league at last. The side for that first game was, Millsom, Cook, Smith, Wellock, Wragge, Conner, Mackey, Turner, Jones, McGovern, a crowd of 11,625 watched a 1–1 draw with Torquays goal coming from Bert Turner. Throughout the 1930s Torquay struggled against financial problems, such as having to replace the roof when it was blown off in 1930. They also failed to finish higher than 10th in twelve seasons, in the last few seasons before league football was suspended during the Second World War, Torquay struggled in Division Three South, finishing 20th, 20th and 19th out of 22 teams. In 1939, Torquay qualified for the final of the Third Division South Cup, however, the 1939 final was never played due to the outbreak of the Second World War. When league football was resumed in 1946, United continued to struggle, with the change of colours came a change in fortunes starting with the clubs greatest ever FA Cup moment that very season. After defeating Cambridge United 4–0 at home and Blyth Spartans 1–3 away, Torquay were drawn against Leeds United, away, in the third round of the Cup. The Torquay United versus Huddersfield Town fourth round FA Cup game at Plainmoor will always live on in the memory of those who attended the match on 29 January 1955. Torquay lost 1–0 to the higher-placed Division One club, but the attendance of 21,908 remains a Club record. Following their FA Cup heroics, in the 1956–57 season Torquay just missed out on promotion to Division Two on goal average, the season had begun well – and by April, the possibility of a first promotion to Division Two was the talk of the town. A trip to Crystal Palace for the team and over 1,500 Torquay fans travelling on the last day of the season beckoned. However, after two seasons in the Third Division they were again relegated on the last day of the campaign, with a 4–2 away defeat at Barnsley
Alphington is a former manor and village, now a suburb of the City of Exeter in Devon. The ward of Alphington has a population of 8,250 according to the 2001 census, making it the third largest in Exeter, the ward population increased to 8,682 at the 2011 census. It is surrounded on two sides by countryside, with the Marsh Barton trading estate to the east and Exeter City to the north, the Alphin Brook passes around the Northern edge of Alphington. Alphington is on the Southwestern side of Exeter, most of the fabric of the parish church of St Michael and All Angels originates from the 15th century, including the rood-screen. Saint Apollonia was depicted on one of the panels but this has been badly disfigured, the 12th century Norman font according to Arthur Mee is believed by many to be the finest in Devon. It is sculpted from local Beer stone, and a replica cast is currently in storage at Exeters Royal Albert Memorial Museum. In 1749, a peal of eight bells was hung in the church and it was then the largest peal in the county. These eight bells were re-cast from the original five hung prior to 1550, the current incumbent is the Rev. Stephen Bessent. Cartwheels is a typical 15th century Devon cob and timber farmhouse near the church, mile End Cottage, on the main road through the village, is the house that Charles Dickens rented for his parents in 1839. Gidleys and Gidleys Cottage in Ide Lane are reputed to be the oldest dwelling in the village, there are numerous other thatched cottages including Pixies cottage, and Laurel cottage, dating from the 17th century onwards as well as a Victorian prison building, recently renovated. In the past, Alphington had a halt on the old Teign Valley railway-line and it is still possible to see the abutments of the bridge that used to carry the railway-line over Church Road, and also smaller scale masonry remains at the previous overbridge in Ide Lane. Matford The modern Alphington Primary School is the educational establishment in the village. Secondary Education is provided by West Exe Technology College, on the border between Alphington and St Thomas, and Exeter College, the old Victorian school building has been reused, housing the Pre-School and is used by other groups for meetings and activities. The village is represented in the South West Peninsula League Division One East by the Alphas football team who play at The Chronicles, the playing field is also home to the Alphington cricket team. Alphington at DMOZ Alphington AFC Alphington Primary School Alphington - Local History Alphington in the Domesday Book
Bodmin Town F.C.
Bodmin Town Football Club is a football club based in Bodmin, Cornwall, England. They are currently members of the South West Peninsula League Premier Division, the club was established by W. M. Pethybridge and C. H. After amalgamating with a team from the barracks in 1900, they started playing in white shirts. They won the Bodmin & District League in 1922–23, and in 1925 the colour of the home shirts was changed to amber. They won the league again in 1926–27 and were runners-up in 1947–48, in 1953 Bodmin joined the South Western League, where they played for nine seasons, before leaving at the end of the 1961–62 season to play in the East Cornwall Premier League. They rejoined the South Western League in 1969, and were runners-up in 1976–77 and they won the league for the first time in 1990–91, and were champions again in 1993–94. The won the Cornwall Senior Cup for the first time in 1998–99, after finishing as runners-up twice in a row, they won the league for a third time in 2005–06. In 2007 the club were members of the South West Peninsula League, and were placed in the Premier Division, they went on to win the league. They finished as runners-up in 2009–10 and 2010–11, winning the Senior Cup in both seasons, beating Camelford 3–1 in the 2010 final and St Austell 3–2 in 2011. The 2011–12 season saw them win the league, the League Cup and they repeated the feat in 2012–13, with Helston Athletic beaten 4–3 after extra time in the Senior Cup final. A fifth league title was won in 2015–16, with the club winning the League Cup for a fifth time. The club initially played at Cooksland, a located on Liskeard Road. They subsequently moved to Coldharbour Lane and then Barn Park, before returning to Cooksland and they later moved to Westheath, which they shared with St Lawrences Hospital football club and the cricket club. In 1948 they moved to their current ground, Priory Park, floodlights were installed in 1971 and a new clubhouse built in 1985. One end of the consists of grass banking, with the other two sides of the pitch left open. The ground currently has a capacity of 5,000. C, players Bodmin Town F. C. managers Official website
Appledore F. C. is a football club based in Appledore, near Barnstaple, Devon, England. The club plays in the South West Peninsula League Division One East, Appledore Football Club was established in 1912. In 1998, they reverted to their name after a request from the Athletic Club. The club has played in the FA Cup, and have competed in the FA Vase twice. The club colours are orange shirts and Orange shorts, although in some seasons the shirts have been amber or yellow. The clubs ground is at Appledore, the pitch is railed off on three sides, there is a big clubhouse with a covered standing area attached, and a medium sized car park also a big waste ground. The club has won the hospitality award from the Devon County League several times since joining the league, Appledore Football Club play their home games at Marshford, Churchill Way, Northam, Bideford, Devon, EX39 1PA
Plymouth Argyle F.C.
Plymouth Argyle Football Club is a professional association football club based in the city of Plymouth, Devon, England. They have played in League Two, the tier of the English football league system. They are one of two teams in Devon currently competing in the Football League, the other being Exeter City – Argyles local rivals, since becoming professional in 1903, the club has won five Football League titles, five Southern League titles and one Western League title. The 2009–10 season was the clubs 42nd in the tier of English football. The team set the record for most championships won in the tier, having finished first in the Third Division South twice, the Third Division once. The club takes its nickname, The Pilgrims, from an English religious group that left Plymouth for the New World in 1620, the club crest features the Mayflower, the ship that carried the pilgrims to Massachusetts. The club have played in dark green and white throughout their history, with a few exceptions in the late 1960s. The city of Plymouth is the largest in England never to have hosted top-flight football and they are the most southerly and westerly League club in England. Home Park is the 37th biggest stadium in England, the original ground of the professional club at Home Park was destroyed by German bombers during the Blitz on Plymouth in World War II. Having been rebuilt after the war, Home Park was largely demolished as part of a process of renovation. The new Devonport End was opened for the 2001 Boxing Day fixture with Torquay United, the other end, the Barn Park End, opened on the same day. The Lyndhurst stand reopened on 26 January 2002 for the game against Oxford United, plans are currently under discussion regarding the completion of the refurbishment of the ground with the replacement of the Mayflower stand. The ground is situated in Central Park, very near to the area of Peverell. Towards the end of the 2005–06 Championship season, the decided to buy the stadium for £2.7 million from Plymouth City Council. This purchase was concluded in December 2006, in December 2009 it was announced that the stadium was to be one of 12 chosen to host matches during the World Cup 2018, should Englands bid be successful. The then Argyle chairman Paul Stapleton stated that work on a new South Stand at Home Park would start in 2010, however, England failed to be chosen for the 2018 tournament, and Plymouth Argyle entered administration in March 2011. After selling the back to the council on 14 October 2011 for £1.6 million. The club was taken over by local business owner James Brent, who submitted fresh plans to build a new Mayflower Grandstand with a 5,000 seating capacity
South West Peninsula League
The South West Peninsula League is a football competition in England, which was formed in 2007 from the merger of the Devon County League and the South Western League. The league is restricted to clubs based in Cornwall and Devon, the league consists of a Premier Division of up to 20 clubs, which is ranked at Step 6 in the National League System, and two divisions at Step 7 being Division One West and Division One East. One club from each of the Division One leagues can be promoted, One club from the Premier Division can be promoted to the Western League Premier Division each season, with Buckland Athletic promoted after applying and finishing runner-up in 2012. The bottom two clubs from each Division One division can be relegated each season to the nearest feeder league, the feeder leagues for Division One West are the Cornwall Combination, East Cornwall and Plymouth & West Devon Combination. Feeders for Division One East are the South Devon, the Devon & Exeter, the leagues principal sponsor is Carlsberg. The League Cup competition is sponsored by Walter C Parson Funeral Directors and is called The Walter C Parson Cup
North Devon Football League
The North Devon Football League is a football competition based in England. The top division of league, which is the Premier Division. The North Devon Gazette sponsors the league and so the full, the league covers a 50-mile radius from Barnstaple. Division Three – The division below Division Two, which ran from 1921 to 1951, Intermediate Division Three – The division below Intermediate Division Two, which ran from 1967 to 1996. Intermediate Division Four – The division below Intermediate Division Three, which ran from 1971 to 1981, minor Division – The division below every other division in the league, which ran from 1934 to 1983. The 2000–01 season was abandoned due to an outbreak of Foot & Mouth Disease in the area
The Cornwall Combination League is a football competition based in the western half of Cornwall, England, formed in 1959. The current league sponsors are drinks retailers Jollys, the league has a single division of 20 clubs, being the largest level 12 division in the English football league system. The Champion club may apply for promotion to the South West Peninsula League, the bottom clubs may get relegated to one of the level 13 leagues of the English football League System – normally the Trelawny League. In 2009, Troon were accepted back into the league after an absence to replace the promoted Perranporth. In 2010, Pendeen returned to the league after 12 seasons in junior football, in 2011, Falmouth Athletic DC were promoted into the league at the expense of Ludgvan who were relegated. Helston Athletic took the title and accepted promotion into the South West Peninsula League in Division One West, in 2012, Goonhavern and Ludgvan returned to the Combination League after finishing top two in the Trelawny League whilst Penzance Reserves were relegated to the Trelawny League
Millbrook Association Football Club is an English football club based in Millbrook, Cornwall who compete in the South West Peninsula League. Their Reserve Team are part of the East Cornwall League, the club was formed in 1888 and are one of oldest clubs in Cornwall. After joining the South Western League in 1980, they went on to finish as league runners-up in 1982, in 1984, they again narrowly missed out on silverware and were finalists in the Cornwall Senior Cup, the countys premier cup competition. They also reached the final in 1999, due to finishing in the leagues top 4 in 2004 and 2005, Millbrook qualified for the FA Vase and went on to reach the second qualifying round in 2005 and 2006. In 2007, the South Western League merged with its Devon equivalent, the club remained in the league for three seasons before voluntarily demoting themselves for financial reasons. During this time, they competed in the East Cornwall League and went on to finish as Division One runners-up in 2012, the club were also promoted from the Premier Division in 2014 and re-joined the SWPL. The clubs traditional colours are black and white and they play their football at Jenkins Park, the club was established in 1888 and, along with Torpoint Athletic and Penzance, are one of the three oldest clubs in Cornwall. They were also one of the eight members of the Cornwall FA. The club competed at a level for 92 years, a number of these in the neighbouring Plymouth. They won various honours at this standard although there are no records online to support this, Millbrook joined the South Western League in 1980 and achieved notable success. They went on to finish in the top 5 on eleven occasions, in 1982, the club were agonisingly close to winning the title but, after a thrilling season, they finished as league runners-up, just a single point behind eventual champions, Newquay. They did, however, go on to record seven top 5 finishes in succession, Millbrook have also reached the Cornwall Senior Cup Final on two occasions. They were convincingly beaten 3-0 by Liskeard Athletic in 1984 but were again close to silverware in 1999. Furthermore, due to top 4 finishes in 2003-04 and 2004-05, the league consists of three divisions and involves clubs from the counties of both Devon and Cornwall. The Premier Division sits at Step 6 of the National League System, alongside the neighbouring Western League, Division One, the club went on to spend three seasons at this standard. Their highest finish coming in the 2007-08 season, when they finished 12th under former manager, due to financial issues, the club lost their SWPL status in 2010 and were demoted two divisions to Step 9 of the National League System. This was a blow to the club as they had competed at Step 7 for the past 30 years. Former club captain, Ben Ferguson, scored what proved to be the clubs final SWPL goal in a 2-1 defeat to Truro City at Treyew Road