A quarterback, colloquially known as the "signal caller", is a position in American and Canadian football. Quarterbacks are members of the offensive line up directly behind the offensive line. In modern American football, the quarterback is considered the leader of the offensive team, is responsible for calling the play in the huddle; the quarterback touches the ball on every offensive play, is the offensive player that always throws forward passes. In modern American football, the quarterback is the leader of the offense; the quarterback touches the ball on every offensive play, his successes and failures can have a significant impact on the fortunes of his team. Accordingly, the quarterback is among the most glorified and highest-paid positions in team sports. Prior to each play, the quarterback will tell the rest of his team which play the team will run. After the team is lined up, the center will pass the ball back to the quarterback. On a running play, the quarterback will hand or pitch the ball backwards to a halfback or fullback.
On a passing play, the quarterback is always the player responsible for trying to throw the ball downfield to an eligible receiver. Additionally, the quarterback will run with the football himself, which could be part of a designed play like the option run or quarterback sneak, or it could be an effort to avoid being sacked by the defense. Depending on the offensive scheme by his team, the quarterback's role can vary. In systems like the triple option the quarterback will only pass the ball a few times per game, if at all, while the pass-heavy spread offense as run by schools like Texas Tech requires quarterbacks to throw the ball in most plays; the passing game is emphasized in the Canadian Football League, where there are only three downs as opposed to the four downs used in American football, a larger field of play and an extra eligible receiver. Different skillsets are required of the quarterback in each system - quarterbacks that perform well in a pass-heavy spread offensive system, a popular offensive scheme in the NCAA and NFHS perform well in the National Football League, as the fundamentals of the pro-style offense used in the NFL are different from those in the spread system.
While quarterbacks in Canadian football need to be able to throw the ball and accurately. In general, quarterbacks need to have physical skills such as arm strength and quick throwing motion, in addition to intangibles such as competitiveness, leadership and downfield vision. In the NFL, quarterbacks are required to wear a uniform number between 1 and 19. In the National Collegiate Athletic Association and National Federation of State High School Associations, quarterbacks are required to wear a uniform number between 1 and 49. In the CFL, the quarterback can wear any number from 0 to 49 and 70 to 99; because of their numbering, quarterbacks are eligible receivers in the NCAA, NFHS, CFL. Compared to captains of other team sports, before the implementation of NFL team captains in 2007, the starting quarterback is the de facto team leader and well-respected player on and off the field. Since 2007, when the NFL allowed teams to designate several captains to serve as on-field leaders, the starting quarterback has been one of the team captains as the leader of the team's offense.
In the NFL, while the starting quarterback has no other responsibility or authority, he may, depending on the league or individual team, have various informal duties, such as participation in pre-game ceremonies, the coin toss, or other events outside the game. For instance the starting quarterback is the first player to be presented with the Lamar Hunt Trophy/George Halas Trophy and the Vince Lombardi Trophy; the starting quarterback of the victorious Super Bowl team is chosen for the "I'm going to Disney World!" campaign, whether they are the Super Bowl MVP or not. Dilfer was chosen though teammate Ray Lewis was the MVP of Super Bowl XXXV, due to the bad publicity from Lewis' murder trial the prior year. Being able to rely on a quarterback is vital to team morale. San Diego Chargers safety Rodney Harrison called the 1998 season a "nightmare" because of poor play by Ryan Leaf and Craig Whelihan and, from the rookie Leaf, obnoxious behavior toward teammates. Although their 1999 season replacements Jim Harbaugh and Erik Kramer were not stars, linebacker Junior Seau said "you can't imagine the security we feel as teammates knowing we have two quarterbacks who have performed in this league and know how to handle themselves as players and as leaders".
Commentators have noted the "disproportionate importance" of the quarterback, describing it as the "most glorified -- and scrutinized -- position" in team sports. It is believed that "there is no other position in sports that'dictates the terms' of a game the way quarterback does, whether that impact is positive or negative, as "Everybody feeds off of what the quarterback can and cannot do... Defensively, everybody reacts to what threats or non-threats the quarterback has. Everything else is secondary". "An argument can be made that quarterback is the most influential position in team sport
Brock Alan Osweiler is an American football quarterback, a free agent. Osweiler played college football at Arizona State University and was drafted by the Denver Broncos in the second round of the 2012 NFL Draft. During his fourth year with the Broncos, Osweiler was a member of the team that won Super Bowl 50 over the Carolina Panthers; that season marked his first appearance as a starter when he relieved an injured Peyton Manning, to whom he had served as a backup in his first three years, although Manning would resume his starting duties during the postseason. After the Broncos' title victory, Osweiler signed a four-year free agent deal with the Houston Texans in 2016, but was traded to the Cleveland Browns just one season later. Born in Coeur d'Alene, Osweiler was raised by his parents and John Osweiler, in Kalispell, Montana. Osweiler attended Flathead High School. Osweiler's older brother, played college football in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics at Montana Tech in Butte.
Their father received scholarship offers to play football at Montana and Montana State but chose to enter the military out of high school. Osweiler played both basketball. In 2006, after his freshman year of high school, he committed to Gonzaga University in Spokane to play basketball, but decided to focus on playing college football; as a senior, he was the 2008–2009 Gatorade Player of the Year in football for Montana after he completed 189 of 303 passes for 2,703 yards and 29 touchdowns. Osweiler chose to attend Arizona State University over scholarship offers from Stanford and Washington State; as a true freshman in 2009, Osweiler played in six games with one start. He became the first true freshman to start a game for the Sun Devils since Jake Plummer in 1993, he finished the season completing 24 of 55 passes for 249 yards with two touchdowns and two interceptions. As a sophomore in 2010, he again played in six games with one start. For the season he completed 62 of 109 passes for five touchdowns and no interceptions.
As a junior in 2011, he took over as the Sun Devils starting quarterback after the retirement of Steven Threet. He finished the season with 26 touchdowns. Source: Osweiler was rated the sixth best quarterback in the 2012 NFL Draft by NFLDraftScout.com. He measured 6'6 and 7/8 inches tall at the 2012 NFL Combine, instead of the 6'8" that the media had touted throughout his Arizona State career, he scored a 25 on the Wonderlic. Osweiler was selected with the 57th overall pick in the second round of the 2012 NFL Draft by the Denver Broncos, he signed a rookie contract for $3,516,000 through the 2015 season. Osweiler made his NFL debut in Week 4 of the 2012 season against the Oakland Raiders; the Broncos won 37–6. He threw his first pass in a Week 17 victory over the Kansas City Chiefs, completing 2 of 4 passes for 12 yards. In a Week 4 win against the Philadelphia Eagles, Osweiler came in to complete 2 of 3 passes for 10 yards, adding rush yards on two attempts. In a Week 17 win against the Raiders, Osweiler completed 9 of 13 attempts for 85 yards.
During the Week 12 overtime loss in the 2013 season, Osweiler was put into the line in an attempt to block the New England Patriots game-winning field-goal, as he was the tallest member of the team at 6'7" at the time. In a Week 7 win against the San Francisco 49ers, Osweiler attempted one incomplete pass. During a Week 10 41–17 win against the Raiders, Osweiler completed 2 of 5 passes for 13 yards. During the Broncos Week 15 22–10 win against the San Diego Chargers, Osweiler had two incomplete passes. Osweiler threw his first career touchdown against the Raiders on December 28, 2014. Against the Kansas City Chiefs on November 15, 2015, Osweiler took over for Peyton Manning, benched after throwing four interceptions and posting a passer rating of 0.0. The Broncos announced that Osweiler would start in place of the injured Manning the following week against the Chicago Bears. In his first start on his 25th birthday, he completed 20 out of his 27 passes for 250 yards with two touchdowns and a 127.1 passer rating in a 17–15 win over the Bears, becoming the first player to start and win his first career game on his birthday.
He was named the AFC Offensive Player of the Week for his performance against the Bears. Osweiler was presented the game ball after the game by head coach Gary Kubiak; the next day, it was announced that Osweiler would start the following week against the New England Patriots. On November 29, 2015, Osweiler led the Broncos to a win over the then-undefeated Patriots in overtime, 30–24, he completed 23 of 42 passes for 270 yards, a touchdown, an interception. Osweiler started his third consecutive game for the injured Manning during Week 13 against the San Diego Chargers, he finished the game with 16 of 26 completions for 166 passing yards, a touchdown, an interception. The following week, Osweiler suffered his first loss in a 15–12 defeat to the Oakland Raiders, he capped the game off with a career-high 51 attempts. On December 15, it was announced that Osweiler would start his fifth consecutive game against the Pittsburgh Steelers although Manning had returned to practice. During the game Osweiler completed 21 of 44 passes for 296 yards, 3 touchdowns, an interception.
He carried the ball 5 times for 19 yards and a seven-yard touchdown, but the Broncos ult
Michael George Vrabel is an American football coach and former linebacker, the current head coach of the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League. He played college football at Ohio State University, he was chosen by the Pittsburgh Steelers in the third round of the 1997 NFL Draft, joined the New England Patriots as a free agent in 2001, where he became an All-Pro and a three-time Super Bowl champion finished his career with the Kansas City Chiefs. After retiring as a player following the 2010 season, he was the linebackers and defensive line coach at Ohio State for three seasons, his NFL coaching career began in 2014 with the Houston Texans as linebackers coach and defensive coordinator, before being hired in 2018 as head coach of the Titans. Vrabel was born in Ohio, he is a 1993 graduate of Walsh Jesuit High School in nearby Cuyahoga Falls, where he was a standout on their football team. Vrabel accepted an athletic scholarship to attend Ohio State University, where he played defensive end from 1993 to 1996.
He compiled twelve quarterback sacks as a sophomore, thirteen as a junior, forty-eight tackles and nine sacks as a senior. As a senior in 1996, he was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American. Vrabel finished his career at Ohio State by being named the Big Ten Defensive Lineman of the Year in both 1995 and 1996, becoming only the second player to win the award twice, he totaled thirty-six sixty-six tackles for a loss. He was named to the Ohio State Football All-Century Team in 2000, in 2012 was inducted into the Ohio State Athletics Hall of Fame. Vrabel was drafted by the Pittsburgh Steelers in the third round of the 1997 NFL Draft, he spent the first four seasons of his career in Pittsburgh. His most notable play as a Steeler came in his rookie season, when he sacked Drew Bledsoe in the 1997-98 AFC Divisional Playoffs to clinch a 7-6 win for the Steelers. Vrabel had 12 tackles and 2.5 sacks in 1998, 9 tackles and two sacks in 1999 and 15 tackles, one sack, one fumble recovery in 2000.
Vrabel joined the New England Patriots as a free agent for the 2001-2002 season. He played in every game on defense, starting in 12, he would come in as an eligible receiver, lining up as a tight end. Belichick took advantage of this in 2004 in Super Bowl XXXVIII. In the fourth quarter, Tom Brady threw a 1-yard touchdown pass to Vrabel, making Vrabel the first defensive player to score a Super Bowl touchdown on offense since William "Refrigerator" Perry did so for the Chicago Bears against the Patriots in 1986's Super Bowl XX. Vrabel was one of the defensive stars as well. In Super Bowl XXXIX in 2005, Vrabel caught a two-yard touchdown pass despite being held by Philadelphia's Jevon Kearse, a feat pictured on the cover of the 2005 NFL Record and Fact Book; the reception made him one of 17 players to catch two or more touchdown passes in Super Bowls. Vrabel finished with ten career receptions in just 14 targets, all for touchdowns, he caught one in 2002, two in 2004, three in 2005, two in 2007 in the regular season, one each in Super Bowls XXXVIII and XXXIX, all with the Patriots, one each in 2009 and 2010 with the Chiefs.
According to the website Cold Hard Football Facts, no other player in NFL history has a better record of converting receptions to touchdowns. His versatility was good enough for NFL Network to rank him #7 on their Top 10 episode of the Most Versatile Players. In Week 8 of the 2007 season, Vrabel forced three fumbles, had three sacks, recovered an onside kick, scored an offensive touchdown against the Washington Redskins, for which he was named the AFC Defensive Player of the Week. In December 2007 he was selected to start at the Pro Bowl. On December 26, 2005, on the final Monday Night Football game on ABC, Vrabel became, according to the Elias Sports Bureau, the first player—since the official recording of sacks began in 1982—to have two touchdown catches and a sack in the same game. Though right outside linebacker had been Vrabel's primary position in the Patriots' 3-4 scheme in his first four seasons with New England, in 2005 Vrabel moved to inside linebacker, because of the limited effectiveness of inside backers Monty Beisel and Chad Brown, although he had never before played inside in the NFL.
By the time Tedy Bruschi had returned from injury, he and Vrabel were the two men starting inside. Rosevelt Colvin filled Vrabel's old spot, many cite the change in positions as a major contributor to the Patriots' rebound in the second half of the season. Vrabel moved inside again late in the 2006 season. On February 27, 2009, the Patriots traded Vrabel to the Kansas City Chiefs for what was announced as an undisclosed draft pick; the following day it was revealed that Patriots traded both Vrabel and Matt Cassel in exchange for the Chiefs' second round pick, the 34th overall selection in the 2009 NFL Draft. Vrabel retired on July 2011 to become the linebackers coach at Ohio State. On December 21, 2011 new Ohio State head coach Urban Meyer decided to keep Vrabel on as part of his coaching staff as defensive line coach. On January 10, 2014, Vrabel was hired by the Houston Texans as a linebackers coach. In January 2016 news outlets reported that the San Francisco 49ers offered Vrabel their defensive coordinator job.
In January 2017 the Texans named Vrabel as their defensive coordinator, moving previous coordinator Romeo Crennel to assistant hea
DeAndre Rashaun Hopkins, nicknamed "Nuk", is an American football wide receiver for the Houston Texans of the National Football League. He was drafted by the Texans in the first round of the 2013 NFL Draft, he played college football at Clemson. Hopkins attended D. W. Daniel High School in Central, South Carolina, where he played football and ran track. During his high school football career, Hopkins had 57 receptions for 1,266 yards and 18 touchdowns on offense and 28 interceptions and five touchdowns on defense. While on the basketball team, he played as a guard and point guard, scoring 1,453 career points for the D. W. Daniel Lions basketball team, his senior season, 2009–10, the Lions won their third South Carolina State Championship, Hopkins was named the Independent Mail's player of the year. Hopkins enrolled in Clemson University, where he played for the Clemson Tigers football team from 2010 to 2012 under head coach Dabo Swinney. Hopkins started his collegiate career with two receptions for 23 yards against North Texas in a win on September 24.
The next week, against Presbyterian, he scored his first collegiate receiving touchdown. On November 13, in a road loss to Florida State, he had eight receptions for 106 yards. In the final game of the regular season, the Palmetto Bowl against rival South Carolina, he had seven receptions for 124 yards and a touchdown. In the 2010 Meineke Car Care Bowl against South Florida, he had nine receptions for 105 yards to close out his freshman season. Hopkins was Clemson's leading receiver with 52 receptions for four touchdowns. In addition, he played basketball after his freshman season. In the season's third game against Auburn, Hopkins had seven receptions for 83 yards and a touchdown in the victory. On October 22, against North Carolina, he had nine receptions for 157 yards and a touchdown in the victory. Nearly a month against NC State, he had five receptions for 124 yards in the loss. In the ACC Championship against Virginia Tech, he had seven receptions for 92 yards in the victory. In the 2012 Orange Bowl, he had 10 receptions for 107 yards and a touchdown in the historic 70–33 loss to West Virginia.
As a sophomore in 2011, he had 72 receptions for five touchdowns. Hopkins started the 2012 season off strong with 13 receptions for 119 yards and a touchdown in a win over Auburn. One week against Ball State, he had six receptions for 105 yards and three touchdowns. On September 29, against Boston College, had had 11 receptions for 197 yards and a touchdown in the victory. In the following game, he had seven receptions for 173 yards and two touchdowns against Georgia Tech. On November 3, in a game at Duke, he had four receptions for three touchdowns, he closed out the regular season with one receiving touchdown in each of the last three games. In the 2012 Chick-fil-A Bowl against LSU, he had 13 receptions for a touchdown. In his junior season in 2012, Hopkins had one of the best receiving seasons in ACC history, with an ACC-best 1,405 yards on 82 catches and a school-record 18 touchdowns earning First Team All-Conference honors. Hopkins, along with junior quarterback Tajh Boyd and wide receiver Sammy Watkins, combined to make one of the most prolific passing offenses in college football and broke many individual and career school records.
Hopkins left Clemson with career record for receiving yards and career touchdown grabs with at least one score in each of the last 12 games. On January 10, 2013, Hopkins decided to enter the NFL Draft. Source: Coming out of Clemson, Hopkins was considered a top prospect and received an invitation to the NFL combine, he completed nearly all of the combine drills, but was unable to finish the three-cone drill after suffering an apparent calf injury. On March 7, 2013, he chose to participate at Clemson's pro day, along with teammates Malliciah Goodman, Jaron Brown, Brandon Ford, Jonathan Meeks, Dalton Freeman, Jonathan Willard, six others, he performed the 40-yard dash, 20-yard dash, 10-yard dash, positional drills for scouts and team representatives. Hopkins attended private workouts or visits with the Dallas Cowboys, Carolina Panthers, New England Patriots, had two with the St. Louis Rams. At the conclusion of the pre-draft process, Hopkins was projected to be a first or second round pick by NFL draft experts and scouts.
He was ranked as the third best wide receiver prospect by NFL.com draft analyst Josh Norris, the fourth best wide receiver by Sports Illustrated, was ranked the fifth best wide receiver by NFLDraftScout.com and NFL analyst Mike Mayock. The Houston Texans selected Hopkins in the first round of the 2013 NFL Draft, he was the second wide receiver selected, behind Tavon Austin. He was the second wide receiver in franchise history to be drafted in the first round, the first being Andre Johnson, selected third overall in 2003, it was just the second time in 10 years that the Texans selected an offensive player in the first round. On July 24, 2013, the Houston Texans signed Hopkins to a four-year, $7.62 million contract that included $6.18 million guaranteed and a signing bonus of $3.92 million. The first three years of the contract were guaranteed; the Houston Texans selected Hopkins in hopes for him to fill a role opposite Andre Johnson. He entered training camp slated to be the starting wide receiver with Johnson and was named the starter, heading into the regular season.
He made his professional regular-season debut in the Houston Texans' season-opener against the San Diego Chargers and made five receptions for 55-yard in the 31–28 victory. His first career reception came on
Baylor Bears football
The Baylor Bears football team represents Baylor University in Division I FBS college football. They are a member of the Big 12 Conference. After 64 seasons at the off-campus Floyd Casey Stadium, the Bears opened the new on-campus McLane Stadium for the 2014 season; the current head coach is Matt Rhule. Baylor University's football team has seen a wide variation in its success through the years, including an undefeated 3–0 perfect record in 1900. Starting in the year 1898, the university played its home games on an unnamed field near the university campus. Beginning in 1905, the team's home games were played at Carroll Field, between the Carroll Science Building and Waco Creek. Baylor did not adopt a mascot until December 14, 1914, after the completion of the 1914 football season. Additionally, Baylor did not join an athletic conference until 1914 after the conclusion of the football season, when it became a founding member of the Southwest Conference. Baylor played its first home game against Toby's Business College in 1899, its first away game on 4 November 1900, at Austin College, its first neutral-site game against Texas A&M in 1901.
For the 1899 and 1900 seasons, the team was coached by R. H. Hamilton, whose 5–1–1 record was distinguished with never having a losing record. W. J. Ritchie coached the 1901 team. Texas Christian University was located in Waco from 1895 to 1910 and was one of Baylor's greatest football rivals until the dissolution of the Southwest Conference in 1995; the 1901 season welcomed Baylor's first Thanksgiving Day football game, with a 28–0 win over St. Edward's University. J. C. Ewing took control of the team in 1902, led it to its first losing season, with a 3–4–2 record. R. N. Watts restored Baylor's winning tradition in 1903, with a record of 4–3–1. No team was fielded in 1906 following a ban opposing the violence of football. Luther Burleson headed the restored football team in 1907, managed a 4–3–1 record. E. J. Mills led the team for the 1909 seasons. To this day, Baylor claims the honor of having the largest homecoming parade in the world. Baylor has many traditions such as the Baylor-TCU rivalry game, one of the most played in all of college football, the Battle of the Brazos, membership in the historic Southwest Conference, a live bear mascot since 1915 and the Baylor Line.
In 1966, John Hill Westbrook of Elgin, Texas became the first African American to play varsity football in the Southwest Conference when he joined the Baylor team. Baylor won the SWC Championship in 1915, 1916, 1922 and again in 1924. In 1956 Baylor came close to the SWC title again but finished second and was sent to face the undefeated #2 Tennessee Volunteers in the 1957 Sugar Bowl. Baylor defeated Johnny Majors and the #2 Volunteers 13–7; this was the highest ranked opponent Baylor had defeated until defeating #1 ranked Kansas State in 2012. The 1924 SWC Championship would be the last for many decades until Baylor won the conference again in 1974 under the leadership of third year head coach Grant Teaff. From the late 1940s until the mid-1960s, Baylor played in the 1952 Orange Bowl, twice in the Gator Bowl, the Bluebonnet and Gotham Bowl. Baylor had finished in last place in 4 of the last 7 seasons including the year before and had not won the conference championship in 50 years. Prior to this season, they had never appeared in the Cotton Bowl.
Furthermore, coming into the 1974 season Baylor had lost 16 consecutive games to the Texas Longhorns. The 1974 Texas vs Baylor game looked like another easy win for Texas as the Longhorns took quick control of the game and went into halftime leading 24–7. Baylor was energized starting the 2nd half however, sparked by a blocked punt early in the 3rd quarter; the Bears rallied to a thrilling 34–24 victory over the Longhorns. Baylor went on to win the conference title that year and a first trip to the Cotton Bowl; the entire 1974 Baylor football season was dubbed the "Miracle on the Brazos" by many sports writers at the time. The win over Texas and the SWC championship have thus become a special part of Baylor's athletic history. One of the most successful coaches in Baylor football history was Grant Teaff, he led the Bears to Conference Titles in 1974, his third year in the program, again in 1980 when he led the Bears to the Cotton Bowl to face the Alabama Crimson Tide. Grant Teaff recruited famous players such as Mike Singletary, Thomas Everett, Walter Abercrombie and James Francis to play football at Baylor University.
Coach Teaff was named National Coach of the Year after the 1974 season. He would go on to serve until 1992 leading Baylor to eight bowl games and two Conference Championships in his 21 years as head coach. Chuck Reedy was coach for four seasons and compiled a record of 23–22, his 1994 team was part of a 5-way co-championship of the Sout
The Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League. From the merger with the rival American Football League in 1970 up through 2013 and since 2017, it is called the AFC–NFC Pro Bowl, matching the top players in the American Football Conference against those in the National Football Conference. From 2014 through 2016, the NFL experimented with an unconferenced format, where the teams were selected by two honorary team captains, instead of selecting players from each conference; the players were picked in a televised "schoolyard pick" prior to the game. Unlike most major sports leagues, which hold their all-star games midway through their regular seasons, the Pro Bowl is played around the end of the NFL season; the first official Pro Bowl was played in January 1951, three weeks after the 1950 NFL Championship Game. Between 1970 and 2009, the Pro Bowl was held the weekend after the Super Bowl. Since 2010, it has been played the weekend before the Super Bowl. Players from the two teams competing in the Super Bowl do not participate.
For years, the game has suffered from lack of interest due to perceived low quality, with observers and commentators expressing their disfavor with it in its current state. It draws lower TV ratings than regular season NFL games, although the game draws similar ratings to other major all-star games, such as the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. However, the biggest concern of teams is to avoid injuries to the star players; the Associated Press wrote that players in the 2012 game were "hitting each other as though they were having a pillow fight". Between 1980 and 2016, the game was played at Aloha Stadium in Hawaii except for two years. On June 1, 2016, the NFL announced that they reached a multi-year deal to move the game to Orlando, Florida as part of the league's ongoing efforts to make the game more relevant; the first "Pro All-Star Game", featuring the all-stars of the 1938 season, was played on January 15, 1939 at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles. The NFL All-Star Game was played again in Los Angeles in 1940 and in New York and Philadelphia in 1941 and 1942 respectively.
Although planned as an annual contest, the all-star game was discontinued after 1942 because of travel restrictions put in place during World War II. During the first five all-star games, an all-star team would face that year's league champion; the league champion won the first four games before the all-stars were victorious in the final game of this early series. The concept of an all-star game was not revived until June 1950, when the newly christened "Pro Bowl" was approved; the game was sponsored by the Los Angeles Publishers Association. It was decided that the game would feature all-star teams from each of the league's two conferences rather than the league champion versus all-star format, used previously; this was done to avoid confusion with the Chicago College All-Star Game, an annual game which featured the league champion against a collegiate all-star team. The teams would be led by the coach of each of the conference champions. Prior to the Pro Bowl, following the 1949 season, the All-America Football Conference, which contributed three teams to the NFL in a partial merger in 1950, held its own all-star game, the Shamrock Bowl.
The first 21 games of the series were played in Los Angeles. The site of the game was changed annually for each of the next seven years before the game was moved to Aloha Stadium in Halawa, Hawaii for 30 straight seasons from 1980 through 2009; the 2010 Pro Bowl was played at Sun Life Stadium, the home stadium of the Miami Dolphins and host site of Super Bowl XLIV, on January 31, the first time that the Pro Bowl was held before the championship game. With the new rule being that the conference teams do not include players from the teams that will be playing in the Super Bowl, the Pro Bowl returned to Hawaii in 2011 but was again held during the week before the Super Bowl, where it remained for three more years; the 2012 game was met with criticism from fans and sports writers for the lack of quality play by the players. On October 24, 2012, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell had second thoughts about the Pro Bowl, telling a Sirius XM show that if the players did not play more competitively, he was "not inclined to play it anymore".
During the ensuing off-season, the NFL Players Association lobbied to keep the Pro Bowl, negotiated several rule changes to be implemented for the 2014 game. Among them, the teams will no longer be AFC vs. NFC, instead be selected by captains in a fantasy draft. For the 2014 game, Jerry Rice and Deion Sanders were chosen as alumni captains, while their captains were Drew Brees and Robert Quinn, along with Jamaal Charles and J. J. Watt. On April 9, 2014, the NFL announced that the 2015 Pro Bowl would be played the week before the Super Bowl at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona on January 25, 2015; the game returned to Hawaii in 2016, the "unconferenced" format was its last. For 2017, the league considered hosting the game at Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, which if approved would be the first time the game had been hosted outside the United States; the NFL is considering future Pro Bowls in Mexico and Germany. The NFL hopes that by leveraging international markets with the star power of Pro Bowls, international pop