Faetano is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of San Marino. It has 1,177 inhabitants in an area of 7,75 km², it borders on the San Marino municipalities Montegiardino, Borgo Maggiore, Domagnano and the Italian municipalities Coriano and Sassofeltrio. It was attached voluntarily to San Marino in 1463 in the last territorial expansion. Faetano has four parishes: Cà Chiavello, Corianino, Monte Pulito Media related to Faetano at Wikimedia Commons
City of San Marino
The City of San Marino is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044, it is on the western slopes of Monte Titano. Although not the capital, most of the businesses are in Borgo Maggiore, it is the third largest city in the country, after Borgo Maggiore. It borders the San Marino municipalities Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality San Leo. Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino is centered here. Due to its being the capital and the only city in San Marino, the history of this city is the same as the History of San Marino. For more information on that topic, see that article; the city was founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees in the year 301. From on the city became a center of Christian refugees who fled from Roman persecution; the urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, constructed in the 11th century, was famous for being impenetrable, which to a great extent discouraged attacks on the city.
Due to the Crusades, it was felt necessary to construct Cesta. But the Sanmarinense defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano. With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sanmarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up San Marino; the City of San Marino has the following 7 parishes or wards: Cà Berlone, Casole, Montalbo, Santa Mustiola The economy of the city of San Marino has always been bound to that of the country. Until the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, sale of postage stamps, a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline; the city is visited by more than three million people per year, has developed progressively as a tourist centre.
Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products. Basilica di San Marino Palazzo dei Capitani Palazzo Pubblico The Three Towers of San Marino Piazza del Titano Piazza Garibaldi Monastery of Santa Clara Grand Hotel San Marino The town is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Superhighway. San Marino is notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the town center. Before the Second World War, a railway was built from San Marino to Rimini under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini, its tunnels, the railway station'Piazzale Lo Stradone', still exist. Proposals for the reopening of this railway have been presented to the government on several occasions, but thus far without action. There is a regular bus service to Rimini, a 1.5 kilometres cable car line connects the capital with Borgo Maggiore. A series of lifts connects the upper part of town with the lower.
The city of San Marino has two football teams: the S. S. Murata and the S. P. Tre Penne; the city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics. City of San Marino is twinned with: San Leo, Italy Rab, Croatia Rønne, Denmark Scranton, United States Media related to San Marino at Wikimedia Commons San Marino's page on giuntedicastello.sm
Fiorentino is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of the Republic of San Marino. It has 2,548 inhabitants in an area of 6.57 km². It borders the San Marino municipalities Chiesanuova, San Marino, Borgo Maggiore and Montegiardino and the Italian municipalities Monte Grimano and Sassofeltrio. Evidence indicates. Fiorentino has 3 parishes: Capanne, Pianacci Media related to Fiorentino at Wikimedia Commons
Borgo Maggiore is one of the 9 communes or "castelli" of San Marino. It lies at the foot of Monte Titano and has a population of 6,871, making it the second largest town of San Marino, after Dogana, it borders the San Marino municipalities Serravalle, Faetano, San Marino City, Acquaviva and the Italian municipality Verucchio. The area was called Mercatale and remains today the most important market town in San Marino. A cable car allows Monte Titano to be scaled up to the town of San Marino. Today Borgo Maggiore contains the nation's only heliport. Though it is not the most populated, the Market, as well as the connection to San Marino City, make it much a city-like shopping hub. Borgo Maggiore has 6 parishes: Cà Melone, Cà Rigo, San Giovanni sotto le Penne, Ventoso Piazza Grande, town square Only heliport in San Marino Alessandra Perilli, Sanmarinese sport shooter Manuel Poggiali, Sanmarinese motorcycle racer Media related to Borgo Maggiore at Wikimedia Commons
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
Serravalle (San Marino)
Serravalle is a castello located in the European republic of San Marino. With a population of 10,878 inhabitants and a surface of 10.53 km², it is not only the most densely populated municipality in San Marino, but it contains its largest settlement. Serravalle is located on the edge of the Apennine Mountains; the town borders on Sammarinese municipalities of Domagnano and Borgo Maggiore and the Italian municipalities Verucchio and Coriano. Serravalle counts a surrounding quarter named Galazzano, where the weather station and an industrial area are located. First mentioned in a 962 document, in medieval times this town was called Castrum Olnani, the village of the elm trees. Serravalle attached during the last territorial expansion of the Republic. Serravalle has 8 parishes: Cà Ragni, Cinque Vie, Falciano, Ponte Mellini, Valgiurata Chiesa di Sant Andrea, built in 1824 by Luigi Fonti Stadio Olimpico, not a stadium built to house the Olympics, but rather to house local San Marino football games Stadio di Baseball di Serravalle, home ballpark for the T & A San Marino Baseball Club, which participates in the Italian Baseball League Media related to Serravalle at Wikimedia Commons
Chiesanuova is a minor municipality of San Marino. It has a population of 1,143 inhabitants in an area of 5.46 km². It borders the San Marino municipalities San Marino and Fiorentino and the Italian municipalities Sassofeltrio and San Leo; the medieval castle of Busignano was situated in this area and in 1320 its inhabitants decided to join San Marino. The name Chiesanuova dates back to the 16th century around the time of rebuilding of the church of Saint Giovanni Battista in Curte, which no longer exists. Chiesanuova has 7 parishes: Caladino, Galavotto, Poggio Casalino, Poggio Chiesanuova, Teglio