Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Wivenhoe Town F.C.
Wivenhoe Town F. C. is an English football club based in Wivenhoe, Essex. The club are members of the Eastern Counties League Premier Division. The club was established as Wivenhoe Rangers by Frank Slaughter and students from Colchester Grammar School in 1925 and they joined the Brightlingsea & District League in 1929. After finishing third in 1929–30 and second in 1931–32, they won the league losing a match in 1932–33. The league title was won more in 1947–48, with the Knock-out Cup also won again. They switched to the Colchester and East Essex League, winning the Premier Division in 1952–53 as well as the League Challenge Cup. In 1955–56 they won the league again, together with the Knock-Out Cup, after being relegated, the club returned to the Premier Division as Division One champions in 1959–60, but were immediately relegated again, and later dropped into Division Two. In 1968–69 they finished runners-up and returned to Division One, the following season they won the division and were promoted back to the Premier Division. After finishing runners-up to Mersea Island in 1970–71, the club were promoted to Division Two of the Essex & Suffolk Border League and they won the division in their first season, and also claimed the Division One title the following season. In 1974 the club were renamed Wivenhoe Town, the following season they won the Premier Division, and were promoted to the Essex Senior League. After finishing runners-up three times in seven seasons, the club were promoted to Division Two North of the Isthmian League at the end of the 1985–86 season, in 1987–88 they won the title, and were promoted to Division One, also winning the Essex Senior Trophy. In 1989–90 the club won Division One, accumulating 100 points, a new record attendance of 1,992 was set for the visit of Runcorn in the FA Trophy. In 1993–94 the club financial difficulties, needing to raise £150,000 to buy back the ground. In 2004 the club switched to the Division One East of the Southern League, in 2005–06 they reached the play-off final, but lost 2–1 to Stamford. During the 2008–09 season former West Ham player Julian Dicks was appointed manager, in 2009–10 the club finished bottom of the Premier Division with only eight points, but avoided relegation after two clubs withdrew from the league and one club were promoted. However, they were relegated to Division One at the end of the 2014–15 season, the following season they won Division One and were promoted back to the Premier Division
Fakenham Town F.C.
Fakenham Town Football Club is a football club based in Fakenham, Norfolk, England. Affiliated to the Norfolk County Football Association, they are members of the Eastern Counties League Premier Division. The club was established in 1884 and played their first match against Lynn Alexandria, in 1899–1900 they won the Norfolk Junior Cup, a feat repeated in 1905–06. In the early 1900s the club joined the Norwich & District League, after World War I they did not rejoin the league until 1921–22. In 1935 they moved up to the Norfolk & Suffolk League, in 1970–71 they won the Norfolk Senior Cup for the first time. The following season they won Division One and returned to the Premier Division and they went on to win the Norfolk Senior Cup again in 1972–73 and 1973–74, as well as the Anglian Combination Senior Cup in 1978–79. In 1988 Fakenham became founder members of Division One of the Eastern Counties League, after finishing second in 1991–92, a season in which they defeated Diss Town after a replay to win the Senior Cup again, the club were promoted to the Premier Division. In 1994 they won the Senior Cup again with a 4–0 win against Kings Lynn in the final and they retained it the following season, beating Gorleston 2–1 in the final, before going on to win it for a seventh time in 1999. After finishing as runners-up in 1998–99, the club went into decline, in 2005–06 they won the Division One Knock-Out Cup, but a slump in league form saw them finish bottom of Division One in 2008–09 and 2009–10. At the end of the 2013–14 season the club were promoted back to the Premier Division after finishing as runners-up in Division One. The club initially played at Hempton Green, with over 2,000 spectators in the ground to see a match against Holt in a match played on Good Friday. They moved to Star Meadow in 1889, and then to Barons Hall Lawn in 1907, cover and seating for spectators was provided by the Shed, a stand behind the goal at the Town End. When the club were promoted to the Premier Division of the Eastern Counties League in 1992 they were three years to find a new ground or be relegated. It includes a stand on one side of the pitch, a clubhouse on the other. Players Official website Fakenham Town F. C. on Facebook Fakenham Town F. C. on Twitter
Brantham Athletic F.C.
Brantham Athletic Football Club is a football club based in Brantham, Suffolk, England. They are currently members of the Eastern Counties League Premier Division, founded in 1887, the club were founder members of the Ipswich & District League in 1896. However, despite finishing as runners-up in the first season, they left the league at its end, the club returned to Division Two of the league in 1898 and won the division at the first attempt. However, they withdrew midway through the following season, the club adopted the name Brantham Crown for some time and returned to Division One of the Ipswich & District League in 1905. In 1906 they reverted to their name, and the following year left the Ipswich & District League again to join Division Two of the South East Anglian League. They returned to Division One of the Ipswich & District League for the 1908–09 season, but left again in 1910 to join the Harwich & District League. After World War I the club played in the Ipswich & District League from 1919 until 1925 and that year they also switched back to the Essex & Suffolk Border League. The club won the Senior Cup in 1927 with a 3–0 win over Lowestoft Town, after finishing bottom of the Essex & Suffolk Border League in 1931–32 they returned to the Ipswich & District League. After World War II they rejoined the Essex & Suffolk Border League and they won the Essex & Suffolk Border League League Cup in 1948–49, beating Colchester United 4–0 in the final. The club won the Senior Cup for a time in 1959–60. In 1972–73 they won the Essex & Suffolk Border League and retained the title the following season, in 1975–76 they won the league again, also winning the League Cup and the Senior Cup. A league and League Cup double was repeated the following season, the club applied to join the Eastern Counties League in 1977, but were rejected as the ECL secretary claimed that they wouldnt attract people to watch them in other parts of the region. However, the year they were successful and were admitted to the league. The following season won the Suffolk Premier Cup, beating Lowestoft Town 2–0. When the league gained a second tier in 1988, the club was placed in the Premier Division, however, they were relegated to Division One in 1992–93 after finishing second from bottom. Two years later they were relegated to the Suffolk & Ipswich League after finishing out of 19 clubs. Suffering from financial problems, the merged with SIL club Stutton to become Brantham & Stutton United. After winning the League Cup in 1997, the club reverted to its old name in 1998 and they were relegated to Division One in 1999–2000, and despite making an immediate return to the Senior Division, they were relegated again the following season
Histon Football Club is an English football club based in the village of Histon, approximately 3 miles north of Cambridge, Cambridgeshire. Histon are nicknamed the Stutes, originating from the previous name Histon Institute. Histon play in red and black, their colours, with red and black striped jerseys, black shorts. Their current away kit is sky blue shirts, royal blue shorts, the club is currently managed by Lance Key. The club was formed in 1904 as Histon Institute F. C. and played for many years in the Cambridgeshire Football League. John Chivers, the chairman of the employer in Histon & Impington. The company donated a field, then covered in roses, for the club to play on, in 1960 the club joined the Delphian League, but just three years later this league disbanded. Histon, along with most of the member clubs, joined the Athenian League. In 1966 they switched to the Eastern Counties League, where they were to play for nearly twenty-five years, when the ECL adopted a two-division format, in 1988, Histon were placed in the Premier Division. In the 1989–90 season Histon won the Jewson League Cup, but lost players Lance Key and Shaun Sowden to Sheffield Wednesday, in 1993 a new club committee was formed and the recovery started. They were relegated to Division One in 1995 but were promoted back up two years later, during this time manager Graham Daniels departed for Cambridge City, and this meant the arrival of Simon Allen and once again the standards were raised. He guided the first team back from the Eastern Counties League Division to the Premier Division, the 1997–98 season saw Neil Kennedy establish a club record by scoring 46 senior goals in the season, winning the golden boot for the League, and Histon finished 3rd. The club also won the Fair Play award for the season running. In the same season, Sean Audley also established a record by scoring the most goals recorded to date in one season. He scored a record 79 goals in the side. The following season produced another manager in Trevor Collins who took over the role, the title was won on the last day of the season with a 2–1 defeat of Gorleston. In the same season, Histon took on League Two side Shrewsbury Town in the F. A, Cup 1st Round Proper, setting up a 2nd Round tie at home to Yeovil Town with a 2–0 victory. They lost to Yeovil in the 2nd Round, but it did not affect their performances as they clinched the Southern League Premier Division title on the last day of the season
Gorleston Football Club is a football club based in Gorleston, Norfolk, England. They are currently members of the Eastern Counties League Premier Division, the club was established on 27 September 1887 by members of Gorleston Cricket Club looking for a winter pastime, and were initially nicknamed the Cards, playing in crimson shirts and blue shorts. Their first competitive match was a game against Beccles Caxton in the Suffolk Senior Cup, the following year they moved to the Recreation Ground. In 1903 the club playing in green shirts and white shorts. In 1907 they won the Norfolk Junior Cup and joined the Great Yarmouth Borough League and they then joined the Norfolk & Suffolk League, finishing third in their first season. They won the league in 1920–21, and the Norfolk Senior Cup in 1922 and 1923, in 1925–26 they did the double, winning the league and the Senior Cup. They won the Senior Cup again in 1928 and the league in 1929–30, after winning the Senior Cup in 1931, the club won the league for four consecutive seasons between 1931–32 and 1934–35. They also won the East Anglian Cup in 1932 and the Senior Cup in 1933, in 1935 they became founder members of the Eastern Counties League, and won the Senior Cup again. Their final trophy before World War II was the Senior Cup in 1938, after the war, the club won the Senior Cup again in 1951. In 1951–52 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time, the following season won the league and Senior Cup. In 1955–56 they won the League Cup, beating Tottenham A 2–1 and they reached the first round of the FA Cup again in 1957–58, but lost 10–1 at Gillingham. In 1959–60 the club finished nineteenth in the league and financial problems forced them to back into the Norfolk & Suffolk League. They were founder members of the Anglian Combination, and returned to the Eastern Counties League as Combination champions in 1969, the Eastern Counties League was won for a second time in 1972–73. A twelfth Senior Cup victory was achieved in 1978, and the club won league titles in 1979–80. In the 1982-83 season they boasted World Cup winner Martin Peters amongst their ranks, in 1983 the club left the Recreation Ground to move to Emerald Park, and in the same season won another East Anglian Cup with a victory over Bishops Stortford. The following year won the Senior Cup again. After being relegated in 1993–94, the returned to the Premier Division as Division One champions in 1995–96. A fourteenth Senior Cup was won in 2001 with a 4–0 win over Great Yarmouth Town and they returned to the Premier Division after winning Division One in 2010–11
Newmarket Town F.C.
Newmarket Town Football Club is an English football club based in Newmarket, Suffolk. The club are members of the Eastern Counties League Premier Division. The club is affiliated to the Suffolk County FA, the club was formed on 22 November 1877, and played their first game against Pembroke College. They initially played on the heath, until moving to Cricket Field Road in 1885, in 1920 the club won the Cambridgeshire Senior League and the Cambridgeshire Senior Cup. They moved into the Bury and District League, which won in 1926–27. The club then moved into the Suffolk and Ipswich League, winning the title in 1931–32, 1932–33 and 1933–34, in 1937 the club was admitted to the Eastern Counties League. The club finished bottom during the 1937–38 season, but was not demoted, during World War II, Stan Mortensen, later of England and Blackpool fame, played for the club as a guest player. They dropped into the Peterborough and District League, after winning it in 1957–58, they returned to the ECL in 1959. During the 1990s the club saw a period of success in the Suffolk Premier Cup, during 2007 the club was managed by former Cambridge United player John Taylor, but they were relegated at the end of the 2007–08 season. In 2008–09 the club won Division One, and were promoted back to the Premier Division, in 2011–12 they were relegated back to Division One. In 2012–13 they finished second in Division One and were promoted to the Premier Division, players that have played/managed in the Football League or any foreign equivalent to this level. Players that hold a record or have captained the club. Mark Atkins Stevie Chalmers Michael Denton Harry Dukes Johnny Gavin Mick Lambert Bert Williams Club website Newmarket Town at the Football Club History Database
Eastern Counties Football League
The Eastern Counties Football League, currently known as the Thurlow Nunn League for sponsorship purposes, is an English football league at levels 9 and 10 of the English football league system. It currently contains clubs from Norfolk, Suffolk, northern Essex and eastern Cambridgeshire, the first season commenced on 31 August 1935 and ended with Harwich and Lowestoft level at the top of the league with 26 points each. Although Lowestoft had a goal average, the championship was decided by a play-off match held at Layer Road on 29 August 1936. The match ended in a 3–3 draw and the two were declared joint champions and allowed to hold the trophy for six months each, at the end of the first season Ipswich left to join the Southern League and were replaced by their reserve team. At the end of the 1936–37 season there were concerns about the leagues viability, all five Essex clubs had left to join the newly established Essex County League, whilst Thetford had resigned after finishing bottom of the league, leaving only six remaining clubs. However, four new members were recruited, the following season the league expanded to 13 clubs as two of the Essex clubs rejoined. The 1939–40 season started on 26 August, but was abandoned after the outbreak of World War II, after the war ended in May 1945 a meeting was held in late June to see whether the league could be restarted. The league finally resumed for the 1946–47 season with ten clubs, the following season Gillingham reserves joined, becoming the only Kent-based club to ever play in the league. In 1951 the league gained its first Cambridgeshire club with the admission of Cambridge United, although a succession of clubs leaving the league saw it reduced to fourteen clubs by 1964, it quickly regained numbers and was back up to 18 members two years later. In 1976 the league was renamed the Eastern League, but returned to its name six years later. The league was among the first to be sponsored by a company when, in the late 1970s, it was sponsored by local building societies Magnet and Planet. More recently it has sponsored by building supplies company Jewson, Ridgeons. There had been discussions about adding a second division to the league since its formation. However, it was delayed by the Football Association at the request of the Essex Senior League. The idea was resurrected during the 1987–88 season and a meeting was held to discuss it on 22 November 1987, the league contacted 21 clubs who were considered potential members, of which fifteen were interested in joining. A further four clubs were contacted and another asked for details, ultimately fourteen clubs applied to join the league, eight from the Peterborough & District League, three from the Anglian Combination and three from the Essex & Suffolk Border League. Sixty-six clubs have played in the Eastern Counties League, including several reserve. The leagues geographical span has previously stretched from Gillingham in Kent in the south to Boston in Lincolnshire in the north, in the 1940s and 1950s it contained up to four A teams from London
English football league system
There are more than 140 individual leagues, containing more than 480 divisions. As there are no definitions of any level below 11, any references to the structure at level 12. The pyramid for womens football in England runs separately to nine tiers, the Football League was created in 1888 by Aston Villa director William McGregor. It was dominated by clubs who had supported professionalism. The twelve founding members consisted of six from Lancashire and six from the Midlands, no sides from the South including London initially participated. The system consists of a pyramid of leagues, bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. A certain number of the most successful clubs in each league can rise to a higher league, in addition to sporting performance, promotion is usually contingent on meeting criteria set by the higher league, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances. In theory it is possible for a local amateur club to rise to the pinnacle of the English game and become champions of the Premier League. While this may be unlikely in practice, there certainly is significant movement within the pyramid, the top five levels contain one division each and are nationwide in scope. Below this, the levels have progressively more leagues, with each covering progressively smaller geographic areas. Many leagues have more than one division, at the lower levels the existence of leagues becomes intermittent, although in some of the more densely populated areas there are leagues more than twenty layers below the Premier League. Clubs from these leagues may, if they feel they meet the standard of play and have suitable facilities. The seven levels immediately below the Premier League and English Football League are known as the National League System, in May 2014 The Football Association announced provisional plans for a new division between the English Football League and the National League which would include B teams of higher level clubs. The English football league system does not include the version of the game often called Sunday league football. These leagues are independent entities with no promotion or relegation involving the football pyramid, however, some Sunday League clubs have been known to join pyramid leagues if they desire to progress higher. There are also some Saturday leagues such as the Lincolnshire League which are not officially part of the pyramid, at the top is the single division of the Premier League, containing 20 clubs, all of which, up to the 2010–11 season, were based in England. Below the Premier League is the English Football League, which is divided into three divisions of 24 clubs each, The Championship, League One and League Two, the 92 clubs in the Premier League and English Football League are all full-time professional clubs. They are often referred to as League clubs because, before the establishment of the Premier League in 1992, clubs outside this group are referred to as non-League clubs, although they too play most of their football in league-type competitions
Felixstowe & Walton United F.C.
Felixstowe and Walton United Football Club is a football club based in Felixstowe, Suffolk, England. Formed in 2000 by a merger of Felixstowe Port & Town and Walton United, Felixstowe F. C. were officially formed in 1890, although there are records of the club dating back to 1888. They were founder members of the Ipswich & District League in 1896, in 1900 they were relegated to Division Two of the league, and left at the end of the following season. They rejoined Division One in 1902 under the name Felixstowe Town and were champions in 1910–11. They left the league again at the end of the following season and they won their second title in 1936–37. After World War II the club merged with neighbours Walton United to form Felixstowe United and they won the league for a third time in 1957–58 and a fourth in 1964–65. In 1966 they switched to the Essex & Suffolk Border League, in 1966–67 they won the Suffolk Senior Cup with a 3–2 over Oulton Broad. They won it for a time in 1974–75. After finishing as Essex & Suffolk Border League Premier Division runners-up in 1974–75 and 1975–76, in 1996 the club was renamed Felixstowe Port & Town. Walton United were established in 1895 and joined Division Two of the Ipswich & District League in 1901 and they joined the amateur version of the league in 1912. They won the title in 1920–21 and in 1922 they were renamed Walton & Felixstowe. They won a title in 1925–26. In 1947 they merged with Felixstowe Town, but were reformed in 1950, by 1979 they had dropped into Division Four, but after several promotions they returned to the top division in 1994. They won the Suffolk Senior Cup in 1998–99, the two clubs reunited in 2000 to establish the modern club, taking Port & Towns place in the Eastern Counties League Premier Division. However, at the end of the 2001–02 season they finished twenty-first out of twenty-two clubs and they returned to the Premier Division after as finishing runners-up in Division One in 2005–06. C