The 2018 NFL season was the 99th season of the National Football League. The season began on September 6, 2018, with the NFL Kickoff Game with the defending Super Bowl LII champion Philadelphia Eagles defeating the Atlanta Falcons 18–12; the season concluded with Super Bowl LIII, the league's championship game, on February 3, 2019, at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia between the AFC Champion New England Patriots and the NFC Champion Los Angeles Rams. The Patriots defeated the Rams 13-3 for their sixth Super Bowl championship and their third title in five years; the 2018 NFL League year and trading period began on March 14. On March 9, clubs were allowed to exercise options for 2018 on players who have option clauses in their contracts, submit qualifying offers to their pending restricted free agents and submit a Minimum Salary Tender to retain exclusive negotiating rights to their players with expiring 2017 contracts and who have fewer than three accrued seasons of free agent credit.
Teams were required to be under the salary cap using the "Top-51" definition. On March 12, clubs were allowed to contact and enter into contract negotiations with the agents of players who were set to become unrestricted free agents. Over 550 players were eligible for some form of free agency during the free agency period. Notable players to change teams include: Quarterbacks Sam Bradford, Kirk Cousins, Case Keenum, AJ McCarron. Running backs Isaiah Crowell, Carlos Hyde, Frank Gore, Dion Lewis, Jerick McKinnon, Adrian Peterson Wide receivers Danny Amendola, Allen Hurns, Jordy Nelson, Allen Robinson, Sammy Watkins Tight ends Jimmy Graham, Austin Seferian-Jenkins, Marcedes Lewis Offensive linemen Cameron Fleming, Andrew Norwell, Mike Pouncey, Justin Pugh, Weston Richburg, Nate Solder, Josh Sitton, Travis Swanson Defensive linemen Adrian Clayborn, Vinny Curry, Sheldon Richardson, Ndamukong Suh, Star Lotulelei, Muhammad Wilkerson Linebackers Demario Davis, Trent Murphy, Tahir Whitehead, Avery Williamson Defensive backs Malcolm Butler, Morgan Burnett, T. J. Carrie, Ross Cockrell, E. J. Gaines, Marcus Gilchrist, Trumaine Johnson, Tyrann Mathieu, Rashaan Melvin, Eric Reid, Patrick Robinson, Richard Sherman Kicker Sebastian Janikowski Punter Marquette King The following notable trades were made during the 2018 league year: March 14: Miami traded WR Jarvis Landry to Cleveland for a 2018 fourth round selection and a 2019 seventh round selection.
March 14: Buffalo traded QB Tyrod Taylor to Cleveland for a 2018 third round selection. March 14: Buffalo traded T Cordy Glenn, a 2018 first round selection, a 2018 fifth round selection to Cincinnati for a 2018 first round selection and a 2018 sixth round selection. March 14: Green Bay traded CB Damarious Randall, a 2018 fourth round selection, a 2018 fifth round selection to Cleveland for QB DeShone Kizer, a 2018 fourth round selection, a 2018 fifth round selection March 14: Cleveland traded DT Danny Shelton and a 2018 fifth round selection to New England for a 2019 third round selection. March 14: Kansas City traded QB Alex Smith to Washington in exchange for CB Kendall Fuller and a 2018 third round selection. March 14: Kansas City traded CB Marcus Peters and a 2018 sixth round draft selection to the Los Angeles Rams in exchange for a 2018 fourth round selection and a 2019 second round selection. March 14: Denver traded CB Aqib Talib to the Los Angeles Rams in exchange for a 2018 fifth round selection.
March 14: The Los Angeles Rams traded LB Alec Ogletree and a 2019 seventh round draft selection to the New York Giants in exchange for a 2018 fourth round selection and a 2018 sixth round selection. March 14: The Los Angeles Rams traded DE Robert Quinn and a 2018 sixth round selection to Miami in exchange for a 2018 fourth round selection and a 2018 sixth round selection. March 14: Seattle traded DE Michael Bennett and a 2018 seventh round selection to Philadelphia for WR Marcus Johnson and a 2018 fifth round selection. March 14: Philadelphia traded WR Torrey Smith to Carolina for CB Daryl Worley. March 18: Oakland traded WR Cordarrelle Patterson and a 2018 sixth round selection to New England for a 2018 fifth round selection (159th
Andrew John Bichel is a former Australian cricketer, who played 19 Test matches and 67 One Day Internationals for Australia between 1997 and 2004. He was a right-arm medium-fast bowler, but was a hard-hitting lower-order batsman. Bichel represented Queensland in the Australian domestic competitions, he played for Worcestershire and Essex in English county cricket. Since retiring from playing, Bichel has been a selector, he is a cousin of Chris Sabburg. Bichel married Frieda in 1991 and they have four daughters and two sons; as well as Queensland's state team, he has played for the English Counties Essex and Worcestershire, where he had successful sessions on Essex with the bat and ball. Bichel made his Test debut for the Australian Cricket Team in Adelaide in 1996 in a match against the West Indies, his One-day International Debut in Brisbane against the West Indies, his rise to prominence coincided with the appearance of a young Brett Lee, with whom he was in a battle for a third fast-bowler spot in the lineup behind Glenn McGrath and Jason Gillespie holding the other two positions.
As the younger and pacier Lee was selected ahead of him, Bichel now holds the test match record of being Twelfth Man for Australia on 19 occasions. He has made comments that he believes his bowling suffered during these times, as he missed out on the valuable match practice that he could have earned either playing for Australia or Queensland. A highlight of Bichel's career was Australia's 2003 World Cup campaign, he was back up to Jason Gillespie, Brett Lee and Glenn McGrath. He played his first game against Netherlands making a good impression with the ball and after injury had ended Gillespie's World Cup campaign he took over his position in the side. Bichel retrieved Australia from serious trouble on more than one occasion, most notably his 7–20 against England; this bowling performance rated as the best bowling against England in ODIs, best bowling at St George's Park in ODIs, his best bowling in World Cups as well. In the same match, he went on to play a crucial role with Michael Bevan to score an unbeaten 73-run 9th wicket partnership to ease Australia to victory which saw him hit 34 not out.
In the Super Six stage, he came in against New Zealand at 84–7. He and Michael Bevan again saved Australia with his highest score of 64 as Australia put up a winning total batting first. In the semi-final against Sri Lanka, he bowled conceding 0–18 in 10 overs but his pressure caused the spectacular run out of Aravinda de Silva as he picked up spun around and threw down the stumps to prevent a tight single off his own bowling. In the final against India, he picked up one wicket bowling Rahul Dravid as Australia won, completing an undefeated campaign. At the start of the 2004–05 Australian summer, Bichel was not offered a contract by the Australian Cricket Board, an indication that the Board did not believe he would represent Australia in that season, his performances in the domestic competition, continued to be at the same high standards as before and it was clear that he wanted to make another return to the international scene. Bichel's performances at State level during the 2004–05 domestic season earned him the Domestic Player of the Year award at the 2005 Australian cricket awards.
However, he announced his retirement on 9 February 2009, saying he never recovered from his shoulder injury. Chennai Super Kings, the IPL Champions of 2010 season, have acquired Andy Bichel's services as a bowling coach for the team's youngsters for IPL 2011 season, he is the coach of Papua New Guinea. On 11 November 2011, it was announced that Andy Bichel would join the Cricket Australia selection panel. In 2014 it was announced that Bichel had partnered Tangalooma Island Resort to be an official brand ambassador. Andy Bichel Official Website Andy Bichel at ESPNcricinfo
Lucasfilm Limited v Ainsworth was a 2011 court ruling by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. The case concerned an intellectual property dispute over the production of Lucasfilm's Stormtrooper costumes by model maker Andrew Ainsworth. Mr Ainsworth argued that the helmets, which he continues to manufacture and sell, were functional props covered only by design right legislation, as opposed to Lucasfilm's assertion that they were sculptures or art which fall under copyright law. Design right protection is retained for 15 or 10 years, copyright protection can last longer; the Stormtrooper character first appeared in the film Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. The character was conceived by George Lucas, designed by artist Ralph McQuarrie, sculpted by from Liz Moore and Brian Muir, molded from the existing designs by Andrew Ainsworth. Before the case came to court, Ainsworth had sold replica Stormtrooper outfits online for many years causing Lucasfilm to sue for infringement of copyright. Ainsworth did not defend the 2006 case in the US courts, the United States District Court for the Central District of California gave summary judgement in favour of Lucasfilm, awarding a USD $20 million compensation.
In the English courts, Lucasfilm was represented by Michael Bloch QC and Jonathan Sumption QC. The Supreme Court ruled that the Stormtrooper helmets could not be considered a sculpture for the purposes of the Copyright and Patents Act 1988. On the issue of the justiciability of a foreign copyright claim, the court ruled that providing that there is in personam jurisdiction over a defendant, an English court does have jurisdiction in this area. On this point, the case was distinguished from British South Africa v Companhia de Mocambique, that expressed the general principle that English courts have no jurisdiction to entertain an action to determine title, where claims applied to foreign intellectual property rights; as part of their conclusions on the justiciability question, Lord Walker and Lord Collins stated: They went on further to state: Copyright law in the United Kingdom 2011 Judgments of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom BBC: How to make a Stormtrooper Helmet - Mr Ainsworth demonstrating how to make a Stormtrooper helmet