click links in text for more info

201 BC

Year 201 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Paetus; the denomination 201 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. On Hannibal's advice, Carthage sues for peace with the Romans. Carthage is reduced to a client state of Rome. In the peace treaty between Carthage and Rome, Carthage surrenders all her Mediterranean possessions to Rome, including her Iberian territories; the Carthaginians agree to pay Rome 200 talents per year for 50 years, allow Masinissa to rule Numidia as an independent kingdom, make no war without Rome's permission, destroy all but 10 of the Carthaginian warships. Following the conclusion of the peace with Rome, Hannibal is elected as suffet, or chief magistrate, of Carthage; the office has over the years become insignificant in Carthaginian politics, but Hannibal restores its power and authority.

He sets out to reform the administration and finances of Carthage and reduce the power of the oligarchy which has ruled Carthage before and during the Second Punic War. The Spanish language evolves from Vulgar Latin, brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans during the Second Punic War; the Romans oust the Carthaginians from Malta. In Rome, according to the Roman historian Livy, land is distributed to veterans of the Second Punic War; this is the first documented instance of a practice that becomes commonplace. Philip V of Macedon captures Samos and the Egyptian fleet stationed there, he besieges Chios to the north. Rhodes and its allies Pergamum and Byzantium combine their fleets and defeat Philip V in the Battle of Chios, his flagship rammed by two enemy ships. The Spartan king, once more invades and captures Messene. However, the Spartans are forced to retreat. Nabis' forces are decisively defeated at Tegea by Philopoemen and Nabis is forced to check his expansionist ambitions for the time being.

The construction of Nanchang begins. Gnaeus Naevius, Latin epic poet and dramatist, who has written historical plays that are based on Roman historical or legendary figures and events Zhongli Mo, Chinese general during the Chu–Han Contention


Platystemon is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the poppy family containing the single species Platystemon californicus, known by the common name creamcups. It is native to Oregon, Arizona and Baja California, is found in open grasslands and sandy soils below 6,000 feet elevation. Platystemon californicus is a variable plant taking such a wide range of forms it has been split and redescribed as up to 57 different species, its form varies according to geography and habitat conditions. Coastal forms may be hairless and a bit succulent, while semidesert individuals can be squat, hairy plants; some authors describe separate varieties, which are ecotypes adapted to specific very limited, habitat types. The annual herb is at least a bit hairy, sometimes quite woolly; the stem is upright to decumbent and 3 to 30 centimeters long. The leaves are oppositely whorled about the stem, they are linear and smooth-edged with rounded or pointed tips. They are 1 to 9 centimeters long; the inflorescence is a single flower growing from the tip of the stem.

It is borne on a peduncle 3 to 26 centimeters long with three hairy sepals. The flower has six petals, but a large flower can have more; the petals vary in size and color. They have rounded or pointed tips. There are five basic color patterns: solid white, solid yellow, a white petal with a yellow tip or yellow base or both; the all-yellow petals are less common. The petals may age reddish; the center of the flower is filled with several whorls of stamens with thickened ends. The fruit is a capsule up to 1.6 centimeters long, divided into many sections containing shiny black seeds. The flowers are wind-pollinated and pollinated by solitary bees. Media related to Platystemon californicus at Wikimedia Commons Platystemon californicus. CalPhotos

CyberPsychos AOD

Cyber-Psychos AOD is a book and magazine publishing venture based in Denver, focusing on avant-garde and unusual art and writings. Founded in 1992, 1995 by Jasmine Sailing, it has released 10 books and 10 issues of the magazine; the magazine's unabbreviated title is Cyber-Psychos And Other Diversities, with a subtitle of "The Magazine of Mental Aberrations". As stated by Ms. Sailing: "Horror, cyber-tech, science fiction, dark fantasy, anything pleasantly insane. Please avoid sending straight-forward genre material, I only list these as an example of the general vicinities that might interest me. I have no problem with printing controversial material, in fact. My main prerogative is that the submission should be intelligent and capable of making people think."CPAOD was the sponsor of the Death Equinox conventions held in Denver in the late 1990s known as Cyber-Psycho Convergences". StarBones Weep the Blood of Angels by Sue Storm Nice Little Stories Jam-Packed With Depraved Sex & Violence by Michael Hemmingson The Hanging Man by S. Darnbrook Colson Stealing My Rules by Don Webb Stigma: After World by Jeffrey A. Stadt Snuff Flique by Michael Hemmingson A Good Cuntboy is Hard to Find by Doug Rice The Forbidden Gospels of Man-Cruel Volumes I and II by T. Winter-Damon & Randy Chandler A Pound of Ezra by Gregory R. Hyde This is a list of featured magazine contents, in issue-number sequence: #1: Martin Atkins, Alien Sex Fiend, Joel Haertling, Gordon Klock, Cyber-Cents #2: Godflesh, The Electric Hellfire Club, Rhys Fulber, Pamela Z, The Leather Pope #3: Crash Worship, Starkland Records, Nick Zedd, Edward Lee #4: t.

Winter-Damon, Lucy Taylor, D. F. Lewis, G. X. Jupitter-Larsen, Type O Negative, Edward Lee #5: Vampire Rodents, Pain Teens, Joe Christ, Julie Doucet, Bruce Boston #6: Brian Hodge, Sleep Chamber, Hakim Bey, Uncle River, Adam Parfrey #7: John Shirley, Larry McCaffery, Paul M. Sammon, Carol Lay, Little Fyodor, Charlee Jacob, Thomas Wiloch #8: Doug Rice, Lance & Andi Olsen, Michael Moynihan, Mason Jones, Misha, a William S. Burroughs tribute #9: Andrew Vachss, R. N. Taylor, Don Webb, M. Parfitt, black tape for a blue girl, Arkov Kapacitor, M. Parfitt #10: Lance Olsen, Christopher Bale, Brian C. Clark of Permeable Press, M. Christian, Mason Jones, John EversonRegular Features: Cyber-Cents Little Fyodor's "A Few of the Interesting Characters I Found Under the Floorboards" The Incredible 2-Headed TV Casualty Personal Reality Essays Comics Multi-media reviewsEarly issues featured bonus insert items: #1 included a cassette tape of Futura Ultima Erotica songs. #2 had The Leather Pope mini-comic as an insert.

#3 came with a pack of Pain trading cards. Official website

Caribbean stud poker

Caribbean stud poker called casino stud poker, is a casino table game with rules derived from five-card stud poker. However, unlike standard poker games, Caribbean stud is played against the house rather than against other players. There is no other deception; as a result of the popularity of poker, casinos created a house-banked game in order to entice poker fans to play more table games. The birth of the game is not well referenced, unusual for a new game. Professional poker player David Sklansky has claimed that he invented the game in 1982 using the name “Casino Poker”; when he developed the game the rules had some differences, with the dealer having two cards revealed instead of only one. There was no progressive jackpot in the game he founded. Sklansky was unable to patent "Casino Poker" due to patent laws, according to the story. A few years afterwards he was approached by a poker player who brought the game to The King International Casino in Aruba and had it patented; the poker player and the casino owner changed the rules to create current Caribbean stud poker.

The following rules are typical of play in U. S. casinos, but some of the details, such as payouts and betting limits, vary by location. To play, each player places her ante on a marked spot on the table playing surface; each player has the option to participate in the progressive jackpot feature of the game. This is done before the dealer announces "no more bets" in a separate marked area; each player and the dealer will receive five cards, face down. The dealer will turn over one of his cards. Players have the option to either fold. Any player choosing to play places their raise, an additional wager equal to twice the amount of the ante, into the box marked Bet. Any player who chooses to fold forfeits their ante. After all the players have made their decisions, the dealer reveals their four face down cards; the dealer only qualifies if his hand either contains both an ace and a king or forms a pair or any higher-ranked poker hand. The dealer compares his five-card hand to those of the other players and both the ante and the raise bets of all players whose hands beat the dealer's qualified hand win.

If they do not beat the dealer's hand, they lose both the raise wager. If a player ties with the dealer, both ante and raise bets push. If the dealer's hand does not qualify, the ante bets of players get paid money while the respective raise bets all push. In the United Kingdom the game is known as "Casino Five Card stud poker", not all casinos have the jackpot prize; those which do have the prize the large chain groups call the game "Casino Jackpot Five Card stud poker". In both instances, the game is referred to as "Casino stud poker"; the basic rules are the same in the UK as the US, although the payouts differ – the maximum bet is £100 on the ante and £200 on the raise, all payouts are paid on the raise, meaning the maximum payout can be £10,000. If the dealer does not show an Ace/King, hands playing the jackpot must be turned over, face up, shown to the dealer and table. If the player is not playing the jackpot prize, the cards are not shown. If a player's cards beat the dealer's cards, the player will receive money on the ante, the following on his bet: Progressive jackpot payouts follow: Caribbean stud poker optimal strategy calculator Caribbean stud poker result fairness calculator Caribbean Poker


The Trudenstein is a rock formation and popular hiker's destination in the Harz Mountains of central Germany. It is located in the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt; the Trudenstein lies beside the Glashütten Way on the wooded southern slopes of the Hohnekopf ridge about two kilometres northeast of the village of Schierke in the Harz National Park. Two kilometres to the east, is the village of Drei Annen Hohne that, like Schierke, is part of the borough of Wernigerode; the Brocken Railway, an important heritage line, runs past the rocks to the south, below a granite quarry. The rocks of the Trudenstein are composed of granite and their summit lies at an elevation of 671 m; the Trudenstein is a popular hiking destination, reached from Drei Annen Hohne on marked trails. The summit of the rock formation has been made accessible to the general public using ladders. From the top there is a commanding view of large parts of the South Harz. In good weather, the nearby Wurmberg mountain, the villages of Schierke and Elend and the Stöberhai mountain, 15 kilometres away, may be seen.

The Trudenstein is No. 17 in the system of checkpoints that form the Harzer Wandernadel hiking network. The name Trudenstein is derived from the appearance of the rocks, supposed to resemble a drude, an old German, witch-like figure associated with dreams. In 1783 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe walked past the Trudenstein during one of his visits to the Harz and, in 1811, Caspar David Friedrich drew a sketch of the rocks, they are said to have inspired the group of rocks in the foreground of his painting, Der Watzmann. Ladders were first erected on the summit of the Trudenstein in 1894. Harzklippen

Torn (TV series)

Torn is a three-part original television drama series, broadcast on ITV from 19 September 2007 to 3 October 2007. The drama was controversial because it was based on real events, was criticised because of its similarities to the disappearance of Madeleine McCann in May 2007. ITV denied any connection between the two, insisting that the series had been inspired by recent cases in the United States and had been written and filmed before Madeleine's disappearance; the series begins in 1996 with a married couple and David Hooper, going to a busy beach with their young children Alice and Sean on a bank holiday. After some time three-year-old Alice is accidentally left alone and vanishes when her father goes to get ice cream and her mother fails to hear his cries to watch her and presumes she is with him. A frantic search fails to yield any results, Alice is presumed dead by drowning and is remembered through a commemoration plaque near the beach; the series moves forward eleven years, with Sarah refusing to believe her daughter is dead.

Whilst in a shopping centre several miles away from her home, she sees a girl who she believes is remarkably similar in appearance to Alice, faints with shock. She tells her husband, who maintains that Alice is dead and refuses to entertain Sarah's theories. Sarah returns to the centre, after several hours of waiting, finds the girl again and follows her to her flat on an estate; the following day Sarah returns to the estate where she confronts the girl and her stepfather Stephen Turner, after a physical altercation is arrested. She receives a warning on the premise she does not approach the family again. Sarah, however, is determined that the girl is Alice, the depth of her belief appeals to D. S. Sally Bridges who takes up the case, she visits the Turners' household where she sees photos of Lori as a baby and, on the way out, meets Lori and her mother Joanne Taylor who reveals she has relented and let her daughter get a tattoo on her upper right arm. Thinking this overcompensation for the "ordeal", Bridges asks Sarah if Alice had any distinguishing marks and is told she had a small birthmark on her arm in the same place as the tattoo on Lori.

With this information, Bridges returns to the Turner/Taylor home and requests a birth certificate and, after to failing to provide one, Joanne breaks down revealing she kidnapped Alice after becoming depressed having found that she was not able to have her own children. A distraught Joanne is charged, however Lori/Alice chooses to return to her home with Stephen and is allowed to under the belief she is over the age of 16. Sarah counters that she is only fourteen, Lori/Alice is taken from her devastated stepfather and placed in a foster home. Against the wishes of Sarah, who wants her daughter to move in social services want to integrate her into the new family over time, ask Sarah to prepare a photo album to help Alice get to know her real family. In viewing the album, Alice begins to remember her former life, after an emotional confrontation with Joanne in custody, she storms out refusing to accept her emotional apology; as Joanne's trial approaches she requests that Sarah visits her so she can make a plea for her to protest against her going to prison.

Sarah refuses and reveals to her husband that she wants the woman to feel as much pain as she went through for the last 11 years. However, the judge takes into account Joanne's depression and the loving relationship she had with Alice, gives her a five-year suspended sentence on the provision that Joanne cuts all ties with Alice. Sarah is horrified, as she feels Joanne has gotten away with her crimes and may attempt to kidnap Alice again. Following the trial, tensions run high in the Hooper household, with David considering an affair with his secretary, Jasmine treating Alice harshly out of jealousy as her position as the sole daughter is threatened, Sean developing a crush on Alice. Sarah, tries to help Alice cope with the change, suggesting she retake her GCSE exams on account of her false age and throwing a fifteenth birthday party for her. At this, Alice's boyfriend passes her a card from Joanne which Sarah finds, compounding her fears over the contact between them; the events spiral out of control when Jasmine is admitted to hospital.

There, Alice overhears Sarah and David conversing about the problems which have emerged since she joined the family and, incorrectly believing they were blaming her, runs away. When she is discovered missing, a frantic search begins, culminating in the discovery of Joanne's body at the bottom of her block of flats and, as suspicion is cast over the events surrounding her death, the last person thought to have seen her alive, finds herself a suspect. Details emerge over Joanne's death and it is revealed she died due to a blow to the back of her neck and was thrown from the apartments posthumously. Alice, David and Stephen are interviewed over the incident, the police discover that Sarah lied about her whereabouts when she changes her story in custody, she is subsequently arrested and, since David has not produced a verifiable story and is still a suspect, social services decide to place their children in foster care. Faced with the situation David reveals to D. S. Bridges that he was meeting with his secretary at the time of Joanne's death, is released and allowed to retain custody of his children.

Sarah remains at the police station, however Stephen confesses the circumstances behind his wife's death. Joanne had told S