206 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
206 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar206 BC
Ab urbe condita548
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 118
- PharaohPtolemy IV Philopator, 16
Ancient Greek era143rd Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4545
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−798
Berber calendar745
Buddhist calendar339
Burmese calendar−843
Byzantine calendar5303–5304
Chinese calendar甲午(Wood Horse)
2491 or 2431
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
2492 or 2432
Coptic calendar−489 – −488
Discordian calendar961
Ethiopian calendar−213 – −212
Hebrew calendar3555–3556
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−149 – −148
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2895–2896
Holocene calendar9795
Iranian calendar827 BP – 826 BP
Islamic calendar852 BH – 851 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2128
Minguo calendar2117 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1673
Seleucid era106/107 AG
Thai solar calendar337–338
Tibetan calendar阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
−79 or −460 or −1232
    — to —
(female Wood-Goat)
−78 or −459 or −1231

Year 206 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Philo and Metellus (or, less frequently, year 548 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 206 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]


  • Hasdrubal Gisco retreats to the coast and then crosses to North Africa, where he gives his daughter in marriage to Syphax, king of the Numidian Masaesyli tribe, to formalize their military alliance.
  • After being an ally of Carthage and fighting with them, Numidian chieftain, Masinissa switches sides when the Carthaginians are driven from Spain and offers to assist Rome. Syphax expels his rival Masinissa and claims himself to be King of Numidia; the Romans support Masinissa's claim to the Numidian throne against Syphax, the pro-Carthaginian ruler of the Masaesyli tribe.



  • The war between Macedonia and Rome drags on with no decided advantage to either side. Rome's interest lies not in conquest, but in keeping Macedon, the Greek city-states and Greek political leagues continually divided and non-threatening.
  • Philip V of Macedon is able to take advantage of Roman inactivity. After sacking Thermum, the religious and political centre of Aetolia, Philip is able to force the Aetolians to accept a peace treaty based on his terms.


  • Ziying, ruler of the Qin Dynasty, surrenders to Liu Bang, leader of a popular revolt. This marks the end of the Qin Dynasty and the principality that would later become the Han Dynasty established by Liu. However, in order to secure his position throughout China, Liu Bang becomes engaged in a civil war with the warlord, General Xiang Yu, until 202 BC, known as the Chu-Han contention.
  • The Jian and Dao swords were created during this time (approximate date).