City of Sydney
The City of Sydney is the local government area covering the Sydney central business district and surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Established by Act of Parliament in 1842, the City of Sydney is the oldest, the oldest-surviving, local government authority in New South Wales, the second-oldest in Australia, with only the City of Adelaide being older by two years. Given its prominent position geographically and the City of Sydney has long been a source of political interest and intrigue; as a result of this, the boundaries and legal basis of the council has changed many times throughout its history to suit the governing party of the State of New South Wales. The City of Sydney is governed under the City of Sydney Act, 1988, which defines and limits the powers, election method and boundaries of the council area. On 6 February 2004, the former local government area of the City of South Sydney, which itself had been created in 1989 from areas part of the City of Sydney, was formally merged into the City of Sydney and the current city boundaries date from this merger.
The leader of the City of Sydney is known as the Lord Mayor of Sydney held since 27 March 2004 by Clover Moore, who served concurrently as the state Member of Parliament for Sydney and Bligh from 1988 to 2012. Suburbs within or within the City of Sydney are: Localities in the City of Sydney are: The name Sydney comes from "Sydney Cove", where the English Governor Arthur Phillip established the first settlement, after arriving with the First Fleet. On 26 January 1788, he named it after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, the home secretary at the time, the man responsible for the plan for the convict colony in Australia; the "City of Sydney" was established on 20 July 1842 by the Corporation Act which encompasses present-day Woolloomooloo, Surry Hills and Pyrmont, an area of 11.65 km². There were six wards established by boundary posts. A boundary post still exists in front of Sydney Square; the boundaries of the City of Sydney have changed regularly since 1900. The bankrupt Municipality of Camperdown was merged with the city in 1909.
As a result of the Local Government Act 1948, the municipalities of Alexandria, Erskineville, Redfern, The Glebe and Paddington were added to the City. In 1968 the boundaries were changed and many of these suburbs moved to be part of a new municipality of South Sydney. South Sydney was brought back into the city in 1982, but became separate again under the City of Sydney Act of 1988 and became smaller than its original size at 6.19 km². It grew again in February 2004 with the merger of the two council areas, now has a population of 170,000 people; these changes in boundaries have resulted in control of the council by the governing party in the Parliament of New South Wales at the time. A 1987 re-organisation initiated by a Labor state government and completed in 1989 under a Liberal Coalition government saw the City of Sydney split again, with southern suburbs forming the City of South Sydney, a moved that advantaged the government of the day, as the southern suburbs now in South Sydney Council had traditionally voted Labor.
In 2004, the Labor state Government undid this change, again merging the councils of the City of Sydney and the South Sydney Council. Critics claimed that this was performed with the intention of creating a "super-council" which would be under the control of Labor, which controlled the NSW Government. Subsequent to this merger, an election took place on 27 March 2004 which resulted in the independent candidate Clover Moore defeating the high-profile Labor candidate, former federal minister Michael Lee and winning the position of Lord Mayor. At the 2016 Census, there were 208,374 people in the Sydney local government area, of these 51.8% were male and 48.2% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.2% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Sydney was 32 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 6.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 8.2% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 25.7% were married and 9.1% were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Sydney between the 2006 Census and the 2011 Census was 4.57%. When compared with total population growth of Australia of 8.81% between 2011 and 2016, population growth in the Sydney local government area was triple the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Sydney was just under 1.5 times the national average. The proportion of dwellings in the City of Sydney that are apartments or units is 77.1%, different from the Australian average of 13.1%. The proportion of residents in the Sydney local government area that claimed Australian ancestry was one-quarter the national average. ^a 1996 Census figures refer to the City of Sydney prior to its merger with the City of South Sydney. ^b 2001 Census data comprise the sum of the former South Sydney and the former Sydney local government areas. Sydney City Council is composed of ten Councillors, including the Lord Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office
1-7 Argyle Place, Millers Point
1-7 Argyle Place is a heritage-listed row of shops with overhead residences at 1, 3, 5 and 7 Argyle Place, Millers Point, City of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999; the row of shops and residences at 1-7 Argyle Place was built by the Sydney Harbour Trust in 1910 following the state resumption and reconstruction of the surrounding area following a turn-of-the-century outbreak of bubonic plague. It now forms an important element of the historic streetscape. Ownership passed from the Trust to the Department of Housing in 1986; the shops were threatened with sale to private developers in 1988, but were saved in 1990 after a two-year community campaign. The campaign resulted in an agreement whereby the City of Sydney leased the shops from the Department, with the council pledging to ensure they were kept as service stores for the local community. However, they were put up for sale by the state government in 2006 and sold soon after.
1-7 Argyle Place is a two-storey row of shops with residences overhead, built in the Federation style. It features face brick walls and chimneys, a slate roof to the main body of the building with corrugated galvanised iron verandah roofs, painted pebble dash parapets; the verandahs on the second storey have been filled in, some sash windows were renewed in the 1990s. An interesting example of early twentieth century commercial and residential development being part of the-post plague redevelopment important to the streetscape of Millers Point, it is part of an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of nineteenth-century adaptation of the landscape.1-7 Argyle Place was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Australian residential architectural styles 9 Argyle Place Paul Davies Pty Ltd. "Millers Point and Walsh Bay Heritage Review". City of Sydney
Undercliffe Cottage is a heritage-listed residence located at 50 Argyle Place, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Millers Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It is known as Undercliff Cottage; the property was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, a focus for maritime activities. Argyle Place, a primitive version of a London Square, was commenced by Governor Macquarie but not formed until after quarrying of the adjacent rock face had ceased in about 1865. Resumption plans of 1900 show the house as part of James Merriman's estate. In 1958 architect John Fisher, with the help of artist Cedric Flower, convinced Taubmans to paint the central bungalow at 50 Argyle Place; this drew attention to the importance of the Rocks for the first time. As a result, Fisher was able to negotiate leases for Bligh House and houses in Windmill Street for various medical societies.
It was first tenanted by the NSW Department of Housing in 1982. The house was sold by the Government of New South Wales in 2015 for A$4.23 million. Late Victorian Georgian style, four bedroom cottage with hipped slate roof continuous over verandah, stuccoed walls, it is in good condition. This two storey building displays a symmetrical facade. Storeys: 2 Construction: Stuccoed masonry walls, slate roof, rendered masonry chimney, cast iron verandah posts and balustrading. Painted timber joinery. Style: Late Georgian Orientation: Overlooking Argyle Place; the external condition of the property is good. External: Watercolour of house shows paired columns to verandah at entrance. Northern verandahs added between 1885 and 1900. Dormer windows at rear present in late 1850's photo. - Last inspected: 19 February 1995. As at 23 November 2000, this c. 1850 detached Georgian house, is an important streetscape element facing Argyle Place. It is part of an intact residential and maritime precinct, it contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape.
Undercliffe Cottage was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Australian residential architectural styles 46-48 Argyle Place Undercliffe Terrace, 52-60 Argyle Place Brooks & Associates. Department of Housing s170 Register. Lucas, Clive & McGinness, Mark.'John Fisher - 1924-2012 - champion of the state's structures'. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Robertson & Hindmarsh Pty. 50 Argyle Place, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan. This Wikipedia article was based on Undercliffe Cottage, entry number 929 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 13 October 2018. Paul Davies Pty Ltd. "Millers Point and Walsh Bay Heritage Review". City of Sydney
A door is a panel that makes an opening in a building, room or vehicle. Doors are made of a hard, semi-permeable, hard-to-break substance, but sometimes consisting of a hard frame into which windows or screens have been fitted. Doors are attached by hinges to a frame. Doors egress from a building, room, or vehicle easier to manage; the panel may be moved in various ways to prevent ingress or egress. In most cases, a door's interior matches its exterior side, but in other cases the two sides are radically different. Doors have locking mechanisms to ensure that only some people can open them. Doors can have devices such as knockers or doorbells by which people outside can announce their presence and summon someone either to open the door for them or give permission to open and enter. Apart from providing access into and out of a space, doors can have the secondary functions of ensuring privacy by preventing unwanted attention from outsiders, of separating areas with different functions, of allowing light to pass into and out of a space, of controlling ventilation or air drafts so that interiors may be more heated or cooled, of dampening noise, of blocking the spread of fire.
Doors may have aesthetic, ritualistic purposes. To be given the key to a door can signify a change in status from outsider to insider. Doors and doorways appear in literature and the arts with metaphorical or allegorical import as a portent of change; the earliest in records are those represented in the paintings of some Egyptian tombs, in which they are shown as single or double doors, each in a single piece of wood. Doors were once believed to be the literal doorway to the afterlife, some doors leading to important places included designs of the afterlife. In Egypt, where the climate is intensely dry, there would be no fear of their warping, but in other countries it would be necessary to frame them, which according to Vitruvius was done with stiles and rails: the spaces enclosed being filled with panels let into grooves made in the stiles and rails; the stiles were the vertical boards, one of which, tenoned or hinged, is known as the hanging stile, the other as the middle or meeting stile.
The horizontal cross pieces are the top rail, bottom rail, middle or intermediate rails. The most ancient doors were made of timber, such as those referred to in the Biblical depiction of King Solomon's temple being in olive wood, which were carved and overlaid with gold; the doors dwelt upon in Homer would appear to have been cased in brass. Besides olive wood, cedar and cypress were used. A 5,000-year-old door has been found by archaeologists in Switzerland. All ancient doors were hung by pivots at the top and bottom of the hanging stile which worked in sockets in the lintel and sill, the latter being always in some hard stone such as basalt or granite; those found at Nippur by Dr. Hilprecht dating from 2000 B. C. were in dolerite. The tenons of the gates at Balawat were sheathed with bronze; these doors or gates were hung in each about 8 ft 4 in wide and 27 ft. high. High, covered with repouss decoration of figures, etc; the wood doors would seem to have been about 3 in. Thick, but the hanging stile was over 14 inches diameter.
Other sheathings of various sizes in bronze have been found, which proves this to have been the universal method adopted to protect the wood pivots. In the Hauran in Syria, where timber is scarce the doors were made in stone, one measuring 5 ft 4 in by 2 ft 7 in is in the British Museum. At Kuffeir near Bostra in Syria, Burckhardt found stone doors, 9 to 10 ft. high, being the entrance doors of the town. In Etruria many stone doors are referred to by Dennis; the ancient Greek and Roman doors were either single doors, double doors, triple doors, sliding doors or folding doors, in the last case the leaves were hinged and folded back. In Eumachia, is a painting of a door with three leaves. In the tomb of Theron at Agrigentum there is a single four-panel door carved in stone. In the Blundell collection is a bas-relief of a temple with double doors, each leaf with five panels. Among existing examples, the bronze doors in the church of SS. Cosmas and Damiano, in Rome, are important examples of Roman metal work of the best period.
Those of the Pantheon are similar in design, with narrow horizontal panels in addition, at the top and middle. Two other bronze doors of the Roman period are in the Lateran Basilica; the Greek scholar Heron of Alexandria created the earliest known automatic door in the 1st century AD during the era of Roman Egypt. The first foot-sensor-activated automatic door was made in China during the reign of Emperor Yang of Sui, who had one installed for his royal library; the first automatic gate operators were created in 1206 by Arab inventor Al-Jazari. Copper and its alloys were integral in medieval architecture; the doors of the church of the Nativity at Bethlehem are covered with plates of bronze, cut out in patterns. Those of Hagia Sophia at Constantinople, of the 8th and 9th century, are wrought in bronze, the west doors of the cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle, of similar manufacture, were brought from Cons
Blyth Terrace is a heritage-listed series of terrace houses located at 82-88 Kent Street, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Millers Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was built by Messrs Hutcherson Bros.. It is known as AMA House; the property was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, a focus for maritime activities. Terrace housing built during the 1850s. First tenanted by the NSW Department of Housing in 1982. Early Victorian, two-storey terrace with four bedrooms, sleep-out and attic. Features include a concave corrugated iron verandah painted in wide stripes, iron lace balcony and column supports and spear fence at ground level. Ground floor has a double hung front door with fanlight above. Upper level has two french doors opening onto balcony. Shutters on all windows. Storeys: Two. Timber verandah with iron balcony columns. Spear fence balustrading at ground level.
Style: Victorian Filigree. The external condition of the property is good. External: Some iron columns removed. Last inspected: 19 February 1995; as at 23 November 2000, this 1850s terrace forms part of a cohesive streetscape element. It is part of an intact residential and maritime precinct, it contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape. Blyth Terrace was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Australian residential architectural styles AMA House, Sydney 90-92 Kent Street PTW Architects. 82-88 Kent Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan. This Wikipedia article was based on Blyth Terrace, entry number 839 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 13 October 2018. Paul Davies Pty Ltd. "Millers Point and Walsh Bay Heritage Review". City of Sydney
Darling House, Millers Point
Darling House is a heritage-listed nursing home and former residence located at 8-12 Trinity Avenue, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Millers Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The property is owned, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The Georgian-style Old Colonial sandstone building incorporates parts of an original c. 1833 to c. 1835 dwelling house, the existing sandstone house was constructed in 1842 under the ownership of Joseph Farris. The name of the house, which originated from the local community in the 1800s, is derived from the original land grant by Governor Darling. Darling House holds particular historical and architectural significance due to its influence on the history and early social development of Millers Point and early colonial Australia and as a representative example of Georgian style architecture in neo-colonial Australia. Darling House is distinctive as one of only a few remaining free standing dwellings in the area and rarer still for its generous curtilage in the form of landscaped gardens.
Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, a focus for maritime activities. This building has been newly renovated and, with new addition, has become a nursing home. Known by the Aboriginal names of Tar-ra and Tullagalla, Dawes Point was renamed after Lieutenant William Dawes, astronomer with the First Fleet. Before white settlement the area was home to the Cadigal aboriginal tribe. Dawes Point holds historical significance as it was the site of the first guns mounted in Sydney in 1788, as well as the Dawes Point Battery, Sydney's first cemetery and the site of Sydney's first port facilities; the area is commonly referred to as Millers Point or The Rocks. European activity around Millers Point and Dawes Point commenced with the beginning of Sydney's history, in 1788. There appear to be no actual structures on Millers Point until later - as can be seen from plans dated to 1788, 1792, 1802 and 1807. Though Dawes Point boasted an observatory built by Lieutenant William Dawes as early as 1788 and “Dawes Battery” was established next to it.
By 1812 there was a wind-powered post mill behind the battery, owned by Nathaniel Lucas, sold, with the surrounding land, to John Leighton in 1814. Between this time and 1822, there were three windmills in the area both owned and run by Leighton and hence this part of Sydney Harbour came to be known as Millers Point. Apart from the windmills, it seems that there was a slaughterhouse run in Dawes Point by Tom Cribb; the rocky terrain of the peninsula made the area unappealing for residential structures as only Lower Fort Street, at this point unnamed, could allow vehicular access to the area. The area was quarried in 1823 and by 1830 there were six quarrying parties whose work contributed to the cut for the future Argyle and Kent Streets which in turn made the whole area more accessible and allowed for residential development. With the development of steam milling and the abandonment of the old windmills, the area turned to maritime trades and many wharves and warehouses were established. With the increasing number of wealthy merchants and wharf owners moving into Millers Point and Dawes Point, Lower Fort Street began to develop as an area with “respectable dwelling houses” as commented by Maclehose in 1839.
The land upon which Darling House now stands was granted to Susanna Ward by Governor Darling in 1823 and in 1831 was transferred to Ms Susanna Elizabeth Douglas. Prior to the construction of Darling House the site had been used as a sandstone quarry and it is from this quarry that the convict hand carved sandstone blocks from which the house is built are to have been quarried; the first building on the site is assumed to have been a stone building constructed during the early to mid-1830s given that the transfer of land from Susanna Douglas to Michael Gannon includes a reference to buildings having been present in 1837. With the second house having been constructed during the depression of the early 1840s, Darling House incorporated some of the original foundations, retaining walls, cobbled paving and part of a brick cavity wall from the original early 1830s building and parts of the building are assumed to date from this earlier c.1833 to c.1835 period. There are no surviving mapping or historical records to show details of the original house although archaeological records for the adjoining property at 30-42 Lower Fort Street show the existence of a pre-1822 stone building which, as with Darling House itself, was extended and converted into two dwellings during the mid-19th century.
The sandstone building now known as "Darling House" was built by Joseph Farris in 1842, a period of great depression in Sydney. It was a large house of eight rooms, with its construction being an attempt by the owner to build a fashionable stone dwelling designed to fit in with the other grand Lower Fort Street houses; the success of local mercantilist ventures and associated industries became evident in both commercial and residential architecture, constructed for merchants such as Robert Towns and Robert Campbell. Sections of Millers Point became regarded as affluent enclaves, with Argyle and Lower Fort Streets known as'Quality Row.' Darling House was built to provide residential accommodation for the growing number of workers moving into the area that were associated with the expanding wharves along the Millers Point shoreline (such growth resulting from the expo
15-25 Dalgety Road, Millers Point
15-25 Dalgety Road, Millers Point are heritage-listed terrace houses located at 15-25 Dalgety Terrace, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Millers Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The property is called Dalgety Terraces and Dalgety Terrace; the property was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, a focus for maritime activities; these are a group of early twentieth century workman's terraces built c. 1911 as part of the post plague redevelopment by the Sydney Harbour Trust. First tenanted by the NSW Department of Housing in 1986; these large terraces feature elaborate timber verandahs with ornamental brackets in the Federation style. They have teracotta Marsailles roofs; the terrace consists of a two bedroom units on both the first floor. The stairs leading to the upper units are shared by two units, with the entry to the lower units directly to the sides of them.
Storeys: Two. Style: Federation; the external condition of the property is good. As at 23 November 2000, this terrace is one of a group of early twentieth century workmen's terraces built as part of the post-bubonic plague redevelopment, it is part of an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of 19th century adaptation of the landscape. Terraces was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Australian residential architectural styles 7-13 Dalgety Road 27a-35a Dalgety Road Brooks & Associates. Department of Housing s170 Register; this Wikipedia article was based on Terraces, entry number 925 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 13 October 2018. Paul Davies Pty Ltd. "Millers Point and Walsh Bay Heritage Review". City of Sydney