Mario Monicelli was a six times-Oscar nominated Italian director and screenwriter and one of the masters of the Commedia allItaliana. Monicelli was born in Viareggio in Tuscany and was the youngest son of the journalist Tommaso Monicelli and his older brother Giorgio worked as writer and translator. Another older brother, was a journalist, Monicelli lived a carefree youth, and many of the cinematic jokes he shot in Amici Miei were inspired from his own experience. Monicelli made his first short in 1934, in collaboration with his friend Alberto Mondadori and he followed this work up with the silent film I ragazzi della Via Paal, which was an award-winner in the Venice Film Festival. His first feature length work was made in 1937, in the years 1939–1942 Monicelli produced numerous screenplays, and worked as an assistant director. Monicelli made his debut as a director in 1949, with Totò cerca casa. From the very beginning of his career Monicellis cinematic style had a flow to it. The duo produced eight successful movies in four years, including Guardie e ladri, from 1953 onwards Monicelli worked alone, without leaving his role as a writer of screenplays.
Monicellis career include some of the masterpieces of Italian cinema, while better known in the English-speaking world under the title Big Deal on Madonna Street, the actual translation from the Italian is the usual unknown perpetrators. The film was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 31st Academy Awards, the film, featuring Gassman and the other superstar of Italian comedy, Alberto Sordi, excelled in the absence of rhetorical accents and for its sharp, tragicomical sense of history. Monicelli received two more Academy Award nominations with I compagni and The Girl with the Pistol, larmata Brancaleone is another masterpiece of Italian cinema. The film tells the tale of a Middle Age Italian knight, of uncertain nobility and few means. The film was popular to the point that some lines are turned into well established idiomatic expression. His 1976 film Caro Michele won him the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 26th Berlin International Film Festival, both films featured Alberto Sordi at his best, the latter leading Monicelli to his third Silver Bear for Best Director award at the 32nd Berlin International Film Festival.
Among the final works by Monicelli are Speriamo che sia femmina, Parenti serpenti and Cari fottutissimi amici, the latter won an Honourable Mention at the 44th Berlin International Film Festival. His 1999 film Dirty Linen was entered into the 21st Moscow International Film Festival and his last feature film was The Roses of the Desert, which he directed when he was 91 years old. In 1991 he received the Golden Lion for Career of the Venice Film Festival, a documentary made by Roberto Salinas and Marina Catucci, Una storia da ridere, breve biografia di Mario Monicelli, appeared in 2008. Monicelli worked for television and theatre, occasionally as an actor, Monicelli died on 29 November 2010 at the age of 95
Marco Bellocchio is an Italian film director and actor. Born in Bobbio, near Piacenza, Marco Bellocchio had a strict Catholic upbringing – his father was a lawyer, his mother a schoolteacher. He began studying philosophy in Milan but decided to film school, making his first film, Fists in the Pocket, funded by family members and shot on family property. In 1991 he won the Silver Bear – Special Jury Prize at the 41st Berlin International Film Festival for his film The Conviction, in 1995 he directed a documentary about the Red Brigades and the kidnapping of Aldo Moro, entitled Broken Dreams. In 2003, he directed a film on the same theme, Good Morning. In 2006 his film The Wedding Director was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival, in 1999 he was awarded with an Honorable Prize for the contribution to cinema at the 21st Moscow International Film Festival. In 2009 he directed Vincere, which was in the competition at the Cannes Film Festival. He finished Sorelle Mai, a film that was shot over ten years with the students of six separate workshops playing themselves.
He was awarded with the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at the 68th Venice International Film Festival in September 2011 and his 2012 film Dormant Beauty was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 69th Venice International Film Festival. On 6 September 2012, Bellocchio condemned the Catholic Churchs interference in politics after the premiere of his new film about a high-profile euthanasia case. The film approaches the topic of euthanasia, and the difficulty setting of legislation on end of life in a country, the subject is inspired by Eluana Englaros case. Following the decision of the jury of the Venice Film Festival, Bellocchio made a big impact on radical Italian cinema in the mid-sixties, and was a friend of Pasolini. In 1968 he joined the Communist Union, and began to make politically militant cinema, however, in a 2002 interview, he remarked, I can talk about my personal ideas but Marxism has little to do with it now. No party is now proposing a change of anything. He was candidate for Italian Parliament in 2006, with Rose in the Fist list, a political cartel made by socialists and Italian Radicals
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.8 million within the urban area. Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city, Moscow is a major political, economic and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent. Moscow is the northernmost and coldest megacity and metropolis on Earth and it is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe, the Federation Tower, the tallest skyscraper in Europe, and the Moscow International Business Center. Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia, the city is well known for its architecture, particularly its historic buildings such as Saint Basils Cathedral with its brightly colored domes. Moscow is the seat of power of the Government of Russia, being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are one of several World Heritage Sites in the city.
Both chambers of the Russian parliament sit in the city and it is recognized as one of the citys landmarks due to the rich architecture of its 200 stations. In old Russian the word meant a church administrative district. The demonym for a Moscow resident is москвич for male or москвичка for female, the name of the city is thought to be derived from the name of the Moskva River. There have been proposed several theories of the origin of the name of the river and its cognates include Russian, музга, muzga pool, Lithuanian and Latvian, mazgāt to wash, majjati to drown, mergō to dip, immerse. There exist as well similar place names in Poland like Mozgawa, the original Old Russian form of the name is reconstructed as *Москы, *Mosky, hence it was one of a few Slavic ū-stem nouns. From the latter forms came the modern Russian name Москва, Moskva, in a similar manner the Latin name Moscovia has been formed, it became a colloquial name for Russia used in Western Europe in the 16th–17th centuries. From it as well came English Muscovy, various other theories, having little or no scientific ground, are now largely rejected by contemporary linguists.
The surface similarity of the name Russia with Rosh, an obscure biblical tribe or country, the oldest evidence of humans on the territory of Moscow dates from the Neolithic. Within the modern bounds of the city other late evidence was discovered, on the territory of the Kremlin, Sparrow Hills, Setun River and Kuntsevskiy forest park, etc. The earliest East Slavic tribes recorded as having expanded to the upper Volga in the 9th to 10th centuries are the Vyatichi and Krivichi, the Moskva River was incorporated as part of Rostov-Suzdal into the Kievan Rus in the 11th century. By AD1100, a settlement had appeared on the mouth of the Neglinnaya River. The first known reference to Moscow dates from 1147 as a place of Yuri Dolgoruky. At the time it was a town on the western border of Vladimir-Suzdal Principality
Guinevere is a 1999 American drama film about the artistic and romantic relationship between a young student and her older mentor. The film was written and directed by Audrey Wells and stars Stephen Rea, Sarah Polley, Jean Smart, the film was a 1999 Sundance Film Festival Jury Prize nominee. It won the Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award for Welles screenplay, which she shared with Frank Whaleys script for Joe the King and it was entered into the 21st Moscow International Film Festival. Sarah Polley plays Harper Sloane, a misfit in her snobbish and upperclass family of lawyers and she returns only once, five years later, as he is dying from cirrhosis of the liver, and meets the other Guineveres he has had. On the rooftop, she describes her personal view of his kind of heaven, which she affectionately titles The Connie Special
Fernando Ezequiel Pino Solanas is an Argentine film director and politician. His films include La hora de los hornos, Tangos, el exilio de Gardel, Sur, El viaje, La nube and Memorias del saqueo, Solanas studied theatre and law. The film won international awards and was screened around the world. Solanas has won the Special Jury Award and the Critics Award at the Venice Film Festival, in 1999 he was the President of the Jury at the 21st Moscow International Film Festival. He was awarded a special Golden Bear at the 2004 Berlin Film Festival and he collaborated with tango composer and musician Ástor Piazzolla on the soundtracks for various movies. Solanas was at the forefront of the Grupo Cine Liberación that shook Argentine cinema in the 1970s, developing its social conscience and he was active in the campaign to support Perón. Threatened by right-wing forces in the 1970s, one of his actors was assassinated, together with Octavio Getino, Solanas wrote the manifesto Toward a Third Cinema. The idea of a political Third Cinema, opposed to Hollywood cinema and European auteur cinema, Solanas went into exile in Paris in 1976, only returning to Argentina with the arrival of democracy in 1983.
He continued to make films and was an outspoken critic of Carlos Menem. Three days after such a criticism, on 21 May 1991. Despite dealing with the attack and disability, Solanas became even more involved in politics and stood to be a Senator for Buenos Aires, a year he was elected a National Deputy for the Frente Grande list, although he left the party after a year. Solanas continues to write and direct, including the 2005 film La Dignidad de los Nadies and his son, Juan Solanas, is a noted film director. In October 2007, Solanas was a candidate in the Argentine general election,2007 for the Authentic Socialist Party. He became the 5th most voted candidate, with 1. 58% of the vote, and no one can become a total filmmaker without being a film technician, without being capable of handling the production. Fernando Solanas and Octavio Getino, Towards a Third Cinema in, Movies, an Anthology, edited by Bill Nichols, University of Arizona Press 1976, pp 44–64 Jessica Stites Mor. Transition Cinema, Political Filmmaking and the Argentine Left since 1968, official website Fernando Solanas at the Internet Movie Database Towards a Third Cinema Manifesto Interview.
Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo 2009, Spain on YouTube
Russia, officially the Russian Federation, is a country in Eurasia. The European western part of the country is more populated and urbanised than the eastern. Russias capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world, other urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a range of environments. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, the East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, in 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus ultimately disintegrated into a number of states, most of the Rus lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion. The Soviet Union played a role in the Allied victory in World War II.
The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the worlds first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the second largest economy, largest standing military in the world. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic, the Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russias extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the producers of oil. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction, Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. The name Russia is derived from Rus, a state populated mostly by the East Slavs. However, this name became more prominent in the history, and the country typically was called by its inhabitants Русская Земля.
In order to distinguish this state from other states derived from it, it is denoted as Kievan Rus by modern historiography, an old Latin version of the name Rus was Ruthenia, mostly applied to the western and southern regions of Rus that were adjacent to Catholic Europe. The current name of the country, Россия, comes from the Byzantine Greek designation of the Kievan Rus, the standard way to refer to citizens of Russia is Russians in English and rossiyane in Russian. There are two Russian words which are translated into English as Russians
Antonio Mercero is a Spanish director of the series Verano azul and Farmacia de guardia. He is best known as the director of a 1972 surrealist short film titled La cabina. His 1998 film A Time for Defiance was entered into the 21st Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Special Silver St. George, in 2010 he was awarded a Honorary Goya Award. Trotin Troteras Leccion de arte Tajamar La cabina Manchas de sangre en un coche nuevo La Guerra de papa Tobi Don Juan, Antonio Mercero at the Internet Movie Database El País articles on Antonio Mercero
Vladimir Ivanovich Khotinenko is a Russian actor, film director and designer. Born in the Altai Krai, Russian SFSR to Ivan Afanasyevich and his father was Ukrainian, his mother came from Don Cossacks. In 1976, he received his diploma from the Institute of Architecture of Sverdlovsk, after his military service, he was from 1978 to 1982, assistant designer at Studio-Film in Sverdlovsk, and was assistant director for the film by Nikita Mikhalkov, Days in the Life of Oblomov. He collaborated on films by Mikhalkov in Moscow, such as Five Nights 1979. He became director of the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography in Moscow and his 1999 film Strastnoy Boulevard was entered into the 21st Moscow International Film Festival where it won a Special Mention. He excelled in films and large scenes, particularly describing the history of Russia. He won the Golden Eagle in 2004 for 72 Metres, on March,2014 he signed a letter in support of Vladimir Putins position on Crimea and Ukraine