22nd Arizona Territorial Legislature

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The 22nd Arizona Territorial Legislative Assembly was a session of the Arizona Territorial Legislature which convened in Phoenix, Arizona. The session ran from January 19, 1903, until March 19, 1903.[1]

Background[edit]

Governor Oakes Murphy announced his intention to resign in early 1902. His replacement, Alexander Oswald Brodie took office on July 1, 1902.[2] Statehood efforts meanwhile had encountered an obstacle. A proposal had been made in the United States Congress that Arizona and New Mexico territories be combined and admitted as a single state.[3] The proposal had been initially made in the United States House of Representatives and was defeated in May 1902 by a vote of 106 to 28. [4] Following the initial defeat, Senator Albert J. Beveridge of Indiana had become a supporter of joint statehood and the battle over the idea continued in the United States Senate.[5] Seeking support in his efforts to defeat the proposal, Arizona Territorial Delegate Marcus A. Smith had sent a telegraph requesting the legislature pass a resolution in opposition to the proposal.[3]

Legislative session[edit]

The session began on January 19, 1903, and ran for 60 days.[1] During that time it passed 93 acts, 10 memorials, and a single joint resolution.[6]

Governor's address[edit]

The address was given by Governor Brodie on January 20, 1903.[7] It began with a review of territorial finances. This was followed by recommended reforms for the territorial incorporation and tax laws.[8] The governor asked for a change allowing elections of county supervisors and legislators to be based upon legislative districts instead of being selected at-large.[6] He called for constables, justices of the peace, and sheriffs to be paid by salary instead of continuing the existing system where they kept a portion of their collected fees.[8] Brodie also asked for legislators to perform a study on the issue of 8 hour days for mine workers[8]

In other matters, the governor recommended the Pioneers' Historical Society be given legislative support in their efforts to collect and preserve historical information. To complete finishing touches on a new industrial school in Benson, he asked for labor to be provided by inmates from the territorial penitentiary.[6] Two gifts of US$5,000 each to the University of Arizona needed legislative attention before they could be used to construct a gymnasium and mechanical arts hall.[6] Finally, Brodie asked for the salary of the governor's personal secretary to be increased from $125 to $150/month.[6]

Legislation[edit]

The session made a number of changes affecting the railroads. The hiring of railroad police was authorized.[6] The session also granted a ten-year tax exemption to new railroads.[9] Conversely, railroads in the territory were prohibited from having employees work more than 16 consecutive hours.[6] Other industries were also affected. A tax exemption promoting the construction of storage dams and sugar beet processing facilities was passed. Opening of saloons within 6 miles (9.7 km) of public works was prohibited.[9] The practice of paying employees with tokens, scrip, or company store credits instead of legal tender was banned.[6] An eight-hour work day was also implemented by the session.[10]

A requirement that the American flag be raised over schools was implemented.[9] Any school district containing at least 100 residents were granted authority to hire music and art teachers. A special levy was passed to provide funds to expand the Tempe Normal School.[11] A territorial board of health was created.[9] Licensing requirements for dentists and physicians were enacted.[11] A bill repealing the requirement that outstanding tax assessments be paid before a court appeal could be filed suffered a pocket veto.[9] A 50-year, $100,000 loan to the territorial insane asylum was authorized to allow the facility to make needed improvements. Improvements were intended to allow the facility to have enough space to separate patients suffering from different types of problems into different areas.[11] The session also transferred handling of incorporation filing fees from the Territorial Secretary to the office of the territorial auditor. The change resulted in the filing fees going directly into the territorial treasury.[9]

Final passage of a women's suffrage bill occurred on St. Patrick's day 1903.[3] The bill was passed by the House on a lark and the Council did not pass the measure until assured it would be vetoed.[3] Governor Brodie's veto was based upon his understanding that the Arizona Organic Act failed to grant the legislature the needed authority to give women the right to vote.[12] Addressing the joint statehood proposal before the United States Congress, Eugene S. Ives, President of the Council, convinced the Council to pass a resolution supporting joint resolution but inserting a provision that the electorate of each territory must approve the new state's constitution separately. If implemented, this would have effectively granted Arizona voters a veto capability over joint statehood. The Council resolution was telegraphed to Congress on February 26, 1903, as a joint resolution. [3] The House, not agreeing with Ives' indirect attack on the joint statehood proposal, placed their support behind Marcus A. Smith's efforts to defeat the joint statehood bill the United States Senate.[13]

Aftermath[edit]

Implementation of the eight-hour work day for miners resulted in labor strife. Miners who had previously been paid $2.50 for a ten-hour day were demanding the same pay for an eight-hour day. Mine owners offered nine hours pay ($2.25), arguing they could not afford a 25% increase in hourly pay rates.[14] Mine strikes began on June 1, 1903, when the law limiting miners to an eight-hour day went into effect.[15] The strike by 1,500 miners resulted in an additional 2,000 workers at smelters and other mineral processing tasks being put out of their jobs.[16] In an effort to prevent bloodshed, the Arizona Rangers eventually became involved in suppressing the striker's marches.[17]

Opposition to the joint statehood proposal continued for several years and a final resolution did not occur until November 1906.[18]

Members[edit]

House of Representatives[19]
Name County Name County
N. W. Bernard Pima J. M. O'Connell Cochise
Lucius R. Burrow Yavapai John H. Page Coconino
G. U. Collins Maricopa W. A. Parr Navajo
L. O. Cowan Pima Theodore T. Powers (Speaker) Maricopa
N. Gonzales Apache Stephen Roemer Cochise
Joseph B. Henry Gila W. A. Rowe Yavapai
L. C. Herr Pinal P. A. Schilling Pinal
James A. Howell Cochise Kean St. Charles Mohave
F. S. Ingaills Yuma Wilfred T. Webb Graham
M. Lamont Pima B. J. Whiteside Santa Cruz
J. D. Marlar Maricopa Gus Williams Graham
T. J Morrison Yavapai J. W. Woolf Maricopa
Council[19]
Name County
Henry F. Ashurst Coconino
J. W. Burson Yavapai
E. W. Childs Pinal
Joseph B. Corbett Pima and Santa Cruz
Eugene S. Ives (President) Yuma
Heber Jarvis Apache
Joseph Henry Kibbey Maricopa
A. H. Morehead Gila
H. B. Rice Graham
B. A. Packard Cochise
John R. Whiteside Mohave
J. X. Woods Navajo

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Goff 1996, p. 36.
  2. ^ McCormick 1916, p. 351.
  3. ^ a b c d e Wagoner 1970, p. 406.
  4. ^ Wagoner 1970, p. 407.
  5. ^ Wagoner 1970, p. 408.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Wagoner 1970, p. 403.
  7. ^ Goff 1996, pp. 35–6.
  8. ^ a b c Goff 1978, p. 181.
  9. ^ a b c d e f McCormick 1916, p. 352.
  10. ^ Wagoner 1970, pp. 384–5.
  11. ^ a b c Wagoner 1970, p. 404.
  12. ^ Goff 1978, pp. 181–2.
  13. ^ Wagoner 1970, pp. 406–7.
  14. ^ Wagoner 1970, p. 385.
  15. ^ "Miners Strike in Arizona". The Sun. New York City. June 5, 1903. p. 4.
  16. ^ "Details of Disagreement". Arizona Silver Belt. Globe, Arizona Territory. June 4, 1903.
  17. ^ Wagoner 1970, pp. 387–8.
  18. ^ McCormick 1916, p. 365.
  19. ^ a b Wagoner 1970, p. 526.

Further reading[edit]