22nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
22nd Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry
The Photographic History of The Civil War Volume 09 Page 350.jpg
22nd New York at Harper's Ferry, 1862
Active June 6, 1861, to June 19, 1863
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Gainesville (1862)
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of South Mountain
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville

The 22nd New York Volunteer Infantry (not to be confused with the 22nd New York National Guard) was a volunteer regiment of the Union Army in the American Civil War.

History[edit]

The regiment was formed with 800 men in 1861 and was placed in a brigade along with the 24th New York, 30th New York, 84th New York (14th Brooklyn) (also known as the 14th New York State Militia), and for a number of months, the 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters (a regiment under the respected Colonel Henry A. V. Post). The brigade was the First Brigade in the First Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and Colonel Walter Phelps and the regiments of the brigade referred to themselves as the Iron Brigade of the East and served with the Division's more famous Fourth Brigade which would earn the title "Iron Brigade of the West" in September 1862 during Battle of South Mountain in the Maryland Campaign.

Colonel Walter Phelps was chosen as the original commander of the regiment, and after his promotion to brigade commander, Major John McKie became regimental commander. The regiment suffered its first fatality when passing through Baltimore, when a man was killed by friendly fire during confusion among a mob. It would go on to serve in the Army of the Potomac's I Corps and III Corps, and fight at the battles of Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville.

The regiment was mustered out of service on June 19, 1863, and those men who had signed three year enlistments were transferred to the 76th New York and 93rd New York.[1]

Casualties[edit]

Casualties during the course of the war were as follows:

  • Killed in action: 11 officers, 61 enlisted
  • Died of disease: 1 officer, 27 enlisted
  • Died as POW: 1 enlisted

Spanish–American War unit[edit]

A unit with the lineage of the 13th New York State Militia, also designated the 22nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, served in the Spanish–American War.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Cunningham, Roger. '"Always a Storm Centre:" The Trials and Tribulations of Lt. Col. Asa Bird Gardiner.' The Journal of America's Military Past. (Fall, 2006) 5-28.
  • Higley, Albert E. and Joan F. Aldous. The Civil War letters of Albert E. Higley. J.F. Aldous: 1986.
  • McCoy, James. "Extracts from journal of Captain . . . Twenty-second regiment, New York state volunteers." In Fifth annual report of the New York state Bureau of military statistics, 1868, p. 544-59.