Lebanon (2009 film)
Lebanon is a 2009 internationally co-produced war film directed by Samuel Maoz. It won the Leone d'Oro at the 66th Venice International Film Festival, becoming the first Israeli-produced film to have won that honour. In Israel itself the film has caused some controversy; the film was nominated including Best Film. The film won the 14th Annual Satyajit Ray Award. Maoz based the film on his experience as a young Israeli conscript during the 1982 Lebanon War; the British newspaper The Guardian has described it as an anti-war film. The film depicts warfare as witnessed from the inside of a Centurion main battle tank; the crew's window to the outside world is a gunsight. As a way of adding realism to the effect, every change in the horizontal and vertical viewing directions is accompanied by the hydraulic whine of the traversing gun turret; the film is set during the 1982 Lebanon War. There are four Israeli soldiers inside: the driver in the tank's hull, the loader, the gunner and the commander in the turret.
For part of the time there is the body of a dead Israeli soldier, a Syrian POW, a visiting higher officer, a visiting Phalangist who threatens the POW with torture and a gruesome death. The soldiers are ordered to clear an area of Lebanese personnel, they are instructed to include the use of phosphorus grenades that are forbidden by international treaty. The gunner is hesitant at first; as a result, a fellow Israeli soldier is killed along with an innocent man in a subsequent incident involving poor judgment. The soldiers have to cope with the deteriorating state of the tank, smoke, stench, cramped quarters, equipment failure, navigational problems, conflicting information and recurring quarrels. Oshri Cohen as Hertzel Zohar Strauss as Jamil Michael Moshonov as Yigal Itay Tiran as Assi Yoav Donat as Shmulik Reymonde Amsellem as Lebanese Mother Dudu Tassa as the Syrian Captive Ashraf Barhum as 1st Phalangist The film received universal acclaim from film critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 90% out of 97 professional critics gave the film a positive review, with a rating average of 7.7/10 and the site consensus being: "A powerful and personal account of war on the front line, writer-director Samuel Maoz takes the viewer inside an Israeli tank to deliver an exhausting, original film."After winning the Golden Lion at the 66th Venice International Film Festival, Maoz said: "I dedicate this award to the thousands of people all over the world who, like me, come back from war safe and sound.
They are fine, they work, get married, have children. But inside the memory will remain stabbed in their soul."Maoz, when speaking to The Observer stated that he opposes the Israel-related protest call at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival: "The point of a film like mine is to open a dialogue, to get people talking to each other about important issues. This is something, it makes no sense to boycott art. Maybe I wouldn't have won if Jane Fonda was on the jury, but she wasn't." The Guardian described it as a "controversial choice", noting that some commentators in Israel have "raised concerns that the film will deter young men from volunteering for the army." The Golden Lion is the highest award given to an Israeli film to date. Maoz says many Israeli figures were against Lebanon being featured at the Venice International Film Festival; the Venice jury was chaired by Ang Lee, who had won the Golden Lion award in Venice in 2005 with Brokeback Mountain and in 2007 with Lust, Caution. Lebanon competed against 24 other entries.
The win in Venice caused a boost in the film's popularity at the Toronto International Film Festival. The New York Times described Lebanon as "an astonishing piece of cinema". Variety magazine said Lebanon is "the boldest and best" of recent Israeli films based upon the Lebanon wars. Lebanon on IMDb Lebanon at Rotten Tomatoes
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It is on the shore of the Gulf of Finland in Harju County. From the 13th century until 1918, the city was known as Reval. Tallinn occupies an area of 159.2 km2 and has a population of 440,776. Tallinn, first mentioned in 1219, received city rights in 1248, but the earliest human settlements date back 5,000 years; the initial claim over the land was laid by the Danes in 1219, after a successful raid of Lindanise led by Valdemar II of Denmark, followed by a period of alternating Scandinavian and German rule. Due to its strategic location, the city became a major trade hub from the 14th to the 16th century, when it grew in importance as part of the Hanseatic League. Tallinn's Old Town is one of the best preserved medieval cities in Europe and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tallinn is the major political, financial and educational center of Estonia. Dubbed the Silicon Valley of Europe, it has the highest number of startups per person in Europe and is a birthplace of many international companies, including Skype.
The city is to house the headquarters of the European Union's IT agency. Providing to the global cybersecurity it is the home to the NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, it has been listed among the top 10 digital cities in the world. According to the Global Financial Centres Index Tallinn is the most competitive financial center in Northern Europe and ranks 52nd internationally; the city was a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with Turku in Finland. In 1154, a town called قلون was put on the world map of the Almoravid by the Arab cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi, who described it as "a small town like a large castle" among the towns of'Astlanda', it was suggested. The earliest names of Tallinn include Kolyvan, known from East Slavic chronicles and which may have come from the Estonian mythical hero Kalev. However, modern historians consider connecting al-Idrisi placename with Tallinn unfounded and erroneous. Up to the 13th century, the Scandinavians and Henry of Livonia in his chronicle called the town Lindanisa.
This name may have been derived from Linda, the mythical wife of Kalev and the mother of Kalevipoeg, who in an Estonian legend carried rocks to her husband's grave, which formed the Toompea hill. It has been suggested that the archaic Estonian word linda is similar to the Votic word lidna'castle, town'. According to this suggestion, nisa would have the same meaning as niemi'peninsula', producing Kesoniemi, the old Finnish name for the city. Another ancient historical name for Tallinn is Rääveli in Finnish; the Icelandic Njal's saga mentions Tallinn and calls it Rafala, based on the primitive form of Revala. This name originated from the adjacent ancient name of the surrounding area. After the Danish conquest in 1219, the town became known in the German and Danish languages as Reval. Reval was in use until 1918; the name Tallinn is Estonian. It is thought to be derived from Taani-linn, after the Danes built the castle in place of the Estonian stronghold at Lindanisse. However, it could have come from tali-linna, or talu-linna.
The element -linna, like Germanic -burg and Slavic -grad / -gorod meant'fortress', but is used as a suffix in the formation of town names. The previously-used official names in German Reval and Russian Revel were replaced after Estonia became independent in 1918. At first, both forms Tallinn were used; the United States Board on Geographic Names adopted the form Tallinn between June 1923 and June 1927. Tallinna in Estonian denotes the genitive case of the name, as in Tallinna Reisisadam. In Russian, the spelling of the name was changed from Таллинн to Таллин by the Soviet authorities in the 1950s, this spelling is still sanctioned by the Russian government, while Estonian authorities have been using the spelling Таллинн in Russian-language publications since the restoration of independence; the form Таллин is used in several other languages in some of the countries that emerged from the former Soviet Union. Due to the Russian spelling, the form Tallin is sometimes found in international publications.
Other variations of modern spellings include Tallinna in Finnish, Tallina in Latvian and Talinas in Lithuanian. The first traces of human settlement found in Tallinn's city center by archeologists are about 5,000 years old; the comb ceramic pottery found on the site dates to about 3000 BCE and corded ware pottery c. 2500 BCE. Around 1050, the first fortress was built on Tallinn Toompea; as an important port for trade between Russia and Scandinavia, it became a target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights and the Kingdom of Denmark during the period of Northern Crusades in the beginning of the 13th century when Christianity was forcibly imposed on the local population. Danish rule of Tallinn and Northern Estonia started in 1219. In 1285, the city known as Reval, became the northern most member of the Hanseatic League – a mercantile and military alliance of German-dominated cities in Northern Europe; the Danes sold Reval along with their other land possessions in northe
Elio Germano is an Italian actor. He is the recipient including a Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor. Born in Rome to a Molisan family, Germano debuted aged twelve in Castellano e Pipolo's movie Ci hai rotto papà. During his studies at scientific lyceum, he received acting training at Teatro Azione in Rome. In 1999, he abandoned an opportunity to work in theatre with Giancarlo Cobelli in order to play in Carlo Vanzina's film Il cielo in una stanza, which launched Germano as one of the most popular Italian actors, his big break came in 2007, when he was cast as the lead in the successful movies Fallen Heroes and My Brother is an Only Child by Daniele Luchetti. The following year he first received international recognition by winning the Shooting Stars Award at the 58th Berlin International Film Festival. Germano worked with numerous directors such as Ettore Scola, Emanuele Crialese, Gianluca Maria Tavarelli, Giovanni Veronesi, Michele Placido, Gabriele Salvatores, Paolo Virzì, Francesco Patierno, Daniele Vicari and Ferzan Özpetek.
For his role in the movie My Brother is an Only Child, he won his first David di Donatello as best actor in a leading role. In 2010, he won the Best Actor Award, ex-aequo with Javier Bardem, at the Cannes Film Festival, for his interpretation in La Nostra Vita; that year, he played the son of Italian journalist Tiziano Terzani in The End Is My Beginning. For his portrait of 19th century poet Giacomo Leopardi in Mario Martone's film Leopardi, Germano was praised at the 71st Venice International Film Festival. At an early age Germano thought about becoming a cartoonist; when he was not accepted into the school of graphic arts, he opted for acting. In his spare time, Germano makes rap for a music band called Bestierare, which sings about "unemployment, precariousness and Fascist violence." Elio Germano on IMDb
Sibel Kekilli is a German actress. She gained public attention after starring in the 2004 film Head-On, she won two Lolas, the most prestigious German film awards, for her performances in Head-On and When We Leave. Beginning in 2011, she became more known for her role as Shae in the HBO series Game of Thrones. Kekilli was raised in Heilbronn, to a family of Turkish origin, her parents came to Germany from Turkey in 1977, were described by Kekilli as "fairly liberal". After completing school with excellent grades at age 16, she entered a 30-month-long combined training program to become a certified public administration specialist at the local city administration. After successful completion, she continued to work as an administrative assistant for another two years at Heilbronn city hall moved to Essen, where she worked various jobs as a bouncer, waitress, nightclub manager and pornographic film actress. Kekilli lives in Hamburg. In 2017, she blocked her Instagram from users in Turkey after male users from that country sent a multitude of abusive and threatening messages.
Kekilli denounced the senders as "bigoted" and "full of hate". In 2002, while at a shopping mall in Cologne, Kekilli was noticed by a casting director, who invited her to audition for a role in a film, she won the leading part in Head-On against a field of 350 other hopefuls. The film was a major success, receiving several prizes at film festivals. Filming proved strenuous for Kekilli and she underwent an appendectomy during filming in Turkey. Shortly after the release of Head-On, the German tabloid newspaper Bild-Zeitung made public Kekilli's earlier work in pornography; this led to a public sensation, Kekilli's parents broke off all contact with her. She received the 2004 Bambi prize for "best shooting star" for her role in Head-On. During the televised acceptance speech, she tearfully complained about the "dirty smear campaign" and "media rape" she was subject to. Bild-Zeitung was reprimanded by the German Press Council for the manner in which it covered the story. Kekilli starred in the Turkish coup d'état film Eve Dönüş, playing the wife of a man, unjustly imprisoned and tortured.
The performance won her the Best Actress award at the 2006 Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival. That year, she played a Jewish woman on the way to the Auschwitz concentration camp in the 2006 film Der letzte Zug. In 2009, she played Umay, a young Turkish woman who leaves Istanbul to return to her family in Berlin, in When We Leave, she was awarded the Lola for Best Actress in 2010 for her role. In 2010, Kekilli was cast as Shae in HBO's Game of Thrones, an adaptation of George R. R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire novels. In 2011, one year after first appearing in a supporting role in the long-running crime series Tatort, she became a permanent cast member as new investigator Sarah Brandt, working alongside chief investigator Klaus Borowski, she said that she was glad not to be playing a character of foreign descent, as she feels she has been typecast in the past. In 2017 she left the Tatort franchise, after 14 feature-length episodes. Kekilli supports the organization Terre des Femmes in its work against violence against women.
In December 2006, at an anti-domestic violence event run by the Turkish newspaper Hürriyet in Berlin, she stated, "I have experienced for myself that both physical and psychological abuse are regarded as normal in a Muslim family. Sadly, violence belongs to the culture of Islam". In response, the Turkish consul general left the room. In March 2015 at an International Women's Day event at the President of Germany's residence at Schloss Bellevue, Kekilli gave a speech on violence against women in the name of honour; the speech drew wide praise in Germany for its empathic message. In May 2015, Friedrich Naumann Foundation named Kekilli "Author of Freedom" for the speech. 2004 Lola for Best Actress in Gegen die Wand 2004 Bambi for Best "Shooting Star" in Gegen die Wand 2006 Golden Orange Prize for Best Actress in Eve Dönüş 2010 Lola for Best Actress in Die Fremde 2010 Tribeca Prize for Best Actress in Die Fremde Official website Sibel Kekilli on IMDb Sibel Kekilli at the Internet Adult Film Database Sibel Kekilli at the European Girls Adult Film Database
Nothing Personal (2009 film)
Nothing Personal is a 2009 Dutch-Irish drama film written and directed by Urszula Antoniak. It was presented at the Locarno International Film Festival for the international competition, it won the Golden Leopard for Lotte Verbeek won the award for best actress. The film won four Golden Calves including best film. Official website Nothing Personal on IMDb Nothing Personal at MetaCritic
Ewan Gordon McGregor is a Scottish actor and director, known internationally for his various film roles, including independent dramas, science-fiction epics, musicals. McGregor's first professional role was in 1993, when he won a leading role in the British Channel 4 series Lipstick on Your Collar; some of his best known roles include heroin addict Mark Renton in the drama films Trainspotting and T2 Trainspotting, Jedi Obi-Wan Kenobi in the Star Wars prequel trilogy, poet Christian in the musical film Moulin Rouge!, young Edward Bloom in Big Fish, Rodney Copperbottom in Robots, Camerlengo Father Patrick McKenna in Angels and Demons, "the ghost" in Roman Polanski's political thriller The Ghost Writer, Dr. Alfred Jones in the romantic comedy-drama Salmon Fishing in the Yemen, Lumière in a live-action adaptation of the musical romantic fantasy Beauty and the Beast, the adult version of the titular character in the fantasy comedy-drama Christopher Robin. In 2018, McGregor won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film for his performance as brothers in the third season of FX anthology series Fargo, received Golden Globe nominations for Best Actor – Musical or Comedy for both Moulin Rouge! and Salmon Fishing in the Yemen.
McGregor has starred in theatre productions of Guys and Dolls and Othello. He was ranked number 36 on Empire magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list in 1997. In a 2004 poll for the BBC, McGregor was named the fourth most influential person in British culture. McGregor has been involved in charity work and has served as an ambassador for UNICEF UK since 2004. In 2013, he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services to drama and charity. In 2016, he received the BAFTA Britannia Humanitarian Award. McGregor was raised in Crieff, his mother, Carol Diane, is a retired teacher at Crieff High School and latterly deputy head teacher at Kingspark School in Dundee. His father, James Charles Stewart "Jim" McGregor, is a retired physical education teacher and careers master at Morrison's Academy in Crieff, he has Colin, a former Tornado GR4 pilot in the Royal Air Force. His uncle is actor Denis Lawson and his aunt by marriage was actress Sheila Gish, which makes him a step-cousin of Gish's actress daughters, Kay Curram and Lou Gish.
McGregor attended the independent Morrison's Academy in Crieff. After leaving school at the age of 16, he worked as a stagehand at Perth Theatre and studied a foundation course in drama at Kirkcaldy College of Technology, before moving to London to study drama at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama when he was 18 years old. Six months prior to his graduation from Guildhall, McGregor won a leading role in Dennis Potter's six-part Channel 4 series Lipstick on Your Collar. Not long afterwards, he starred in the BBC adaptation of Scarlet and Black with a young Rachel Weisz, made his film debut in Bill Forsyth's Being Human. For his role in the thriller Shallow Grave, he won an Empire Award; the film was his first collaboration with director Danny Boyle. His international breakthrough followed with the role of heroin addict Mark Renton in Boyle's Trainspotting, an adaptation of Irvine Welsh's novel of the same name. McGregor played the male romantic lead role in the British film Little Voice, he was cast as the young Obi-Wan Kenobi in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace.
While the prequels received criticism from some Star Wars fans, McGregor's performance was well received. He reprised the role of Obi-Wan Kenobi for the subsequent prequels Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones and Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, his uncle, Denis Lawson, had played Wedge Antilles in the original trilogy. McGregor starred in Moulin Rouge! as the young poet Christian, who falls in love with the terminally-ill courtesan Satine. He starred alongside Renée Zellweger in Down With Love, he portrayed the younger Edward Bloom in the critically acclaimed film Big Fish alongside Albert Finney, Jessica Lange, Alison Lohman and Billy Crudup. In the same period, he received critical acclaim for his portrayal of an amoral drifter mixed up with murder in the drama Young Adam, which co-starred Tilda Swinton. McGregor voiced two successful animated features. Around this time, McGregor played two roles — one a clone of the other — opposite Scarlett Johansson in Michael Bay's science fiction action thriller film The Island.
He headlined Marc Forster's 2005 film Stay, a psychological thriller co-starring Naomi Watts and Ryan Gosling. He narrated the Fulldome production Astronaut, created for the National Space Centre. Around the same time, he narrated the STV show JetSet, a six-part series following the lives of trainee pilots and navigators at RAF Lossiemouth as they undergo a gruelling six-month course learning to fly the Tornado GR4, the RAF's primary attack aircraft. McGregor starred opposite Colin Farrell in the Woody Allen film Cassandra's Dream, he co-starred with Jim Carrey in I Love You Phillip Morris and appeared in Amelia alongside Hilary Swank, he played "the ghost" — the unnamed main character — in Roman Polanski's political thriller The Ghost Writer. He por
Xavier Beauvois is a French actor, film director and screenwriter. His film Don't Forget You're Going to Die was entered into the 1995 Cannes Film Festival where it won the Jury Prize, his film Of Gods and Men received the Grand Prix and the Prize of the Ecumenical Jury at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival. The film was selected as France's submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 83rd Academy Awards, but it did not make the final shortlist, his 2014 film La Rançon de la gloire was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 71st Venice International Film Festival. He is married to film editor Marie-Julie Maille, they have two sons, born in August 1992, Antoine, born May 1996. Xavier Beauvois on IMDb