Oskar Werner was an Austrian stage and cinema actor whose prominent roles include two 1965 films, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold and Ship of Fools. Other notable films include Decision Before Dawn and Jim, Fahrenheit 451, The Shoes of the Fisherman and Voyage of the Damned. Werner accepted both film roles throughout his career, he won a Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor, had been nominated several times for the Golden Globe, the Academy Award as well as the BAFTA Award. Born Oskar Josef Bschließmayer in Vienna, Werner spent much of his childhood in the care of his grandmother, who entertained him with stories about the Burgtheater, the Austrian state theatre, where he was accepted at the age of 18 by Lothar Müthel, he was the youngest person. He made his theatre debut using the stage name Oskar Werner in October 1941. In December 1941, Werner was drafted into the Deutsche Wehrmacht; as a pacifist and staunch opponent of National Socialism, he was determined to avoid advancement in the military.
So many officers had been killed on the Russian front. And, I was for them the embodiment of the Aryan type, but I am a pacifist. I didn't want any responsibility, so I behaved stupidly. I fell from my horse and made mistakes reading the range finders on the cannon, they kicked me out of training school, he was assigned to peeling potatoes and cleaning latrines instead of being sent to the Eastern Front. In 1944, he secretly married actress Elisabeth Kallina, half Jewish, they had a daughter Eleanore. That December, he deserted the Wehrmacht and fled with his wife and daughter to the Wienerwald, where they remained in hiding until the end of the war, he would remember, "The artillery fire was constant for two and a half days. The shells hit all around our little hut and it was shaking like a leaf... We knew that to go out there would be suicide, but it was better than to have to wait for execution." Werner returned to the Burgtheater and acted in productions at the Raimund Theater and the Theater in der Josefstadt playing character roles.
He made his film debut in Der Engel mit der Posaune, directed by Karl Hartl, in 1948. The following year he portrayed Ludwig van Beethoven's nephew Karl in Eroica. In 1950, Werner journeyed to the United Kingdom to reprise the role he had played in Der Engel mit der Posaune in its English-language version The Angel with the Trumpet, directed by Anthony Bushell, he and his wife remained friends. He appeared in a few more German-Austrian films before going to Hollywood for a lead role in the 20th Century Fox war film Decision Before Dawn; when the subsequent roles promised by the studio failed to materialize, he returned to Europe and settled in Triesen, Liechtenstein in a home he designed and built with a friend. He returned to the stage and performed in Hamlet, Danton's Death, Henry IV, Henry V, Torquato Tasso, Becket. In 1954, he married Anne Power, the daughter of French actress Annabella and adopted daughter of Tyrone Power. After a period of inactivity in films, Werner appeared in five in 1955, including Mozart, in which he played the title role, Lola Montès, directed by Max Ophüls.
It was not until 1962, when he appeared in Jules and Jim, that he began to draw critical acclaim and international recognition. Werner's portrayal of the philosophical Dr. Schumann in the 1965 film Ship of Fools won him the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor, his portrayal of Fiedler in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold won him the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture and his second BAFTA nomination. In 1966, he played a book-burning fireman Guy Montag who rebels against a controlled society in François Truffaut's Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, he played an orchestra conductor in Interlude and a Vatican priest loosely based on Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in The Shoes of the Fisherman in 1968, the same year he divorced Power. In the early 1970s, Werner returned to the stage and spent time traveling in Israel, Malta and the United States.
He appeared in the episode of Columbo titled "Playback" in 1975, the following year made his final screen appearance in Voyage of the Damned, for which he received another Golden Globe nomination. Werner was an alcoholic, a deciding factor in the decline of his health and career, his last stage appearance was in a production of The Prince of Homburg in 1983, he made his last public appearance at the Mozart Hall in Salzburg 10 days before his death. On 22 October 1984, Werner cancelled a reading at the Hotel Europäischer Hof in Marburg an der Lahn, feeling ill, he was found dead of a heart attack the following morning. He is buried in Liechtenstein, he died within 48 hours of director François Truffaut. List of Austrian film actors List of German-speaking Academy Award winners and nominees List of Liechtensteiners List of people from Vienna Oskar Werner on IMDb Oskar Werner at Find a Grave
Natalie Wood was an American actress. Born in San Francisco to Russian immigrant parents, Wood began her career in film as a child and became a successful Hollywood star as a young adult, receiving three Academy Award nominations before she turned 25 years of age, she began acting in films at the age of four and, at age eight, was given a co-starring role in Miracle on 34th Street. As a teenager, she earned a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Rebel Without a Cause, she starred in the musical films West Side Story and Gypsy, received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performances in Splendor in the Grass and Love with the Proper Stranger. Her career continued with films such as Sex and the Single Girl, Inside Daisy Clover, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice. During the 1970s, Wood began a hiatus from film and had two children with husband Robert Wagner, whom she married twice, she appeared in only three films throughout the decade, but did act in several television productions.
Wood's films represented Hollywood films in general. Critics and scholars have suggested that Wood's cinematic career, one of the few to include both child roles and roles playing middle-aged characters, represents a portrait of modern American womanhood in transition. Wood drowned on November 29, 1981, at the age of 43; the events surrounding her death have been controversial due to conflicting witness statements, prompting the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department in 2012 to list her cause of death as "drowning and other undetermined factors". Natalie Wood was born Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko in San Francisco, the daughter of Russian immigrant parents Nikolai Stepanovich Zakharenko and Maria Stepanovna Zakharenko, her father was born in Vladivostok into a poor family of Stepan Zakharenko, a chocolate factory worker who joined the anti-Bolshevik civilian forces during the Russian Civil War. Her grandfather was killed in 1918 in a street fight between White Russian soldiers. After that, his wife and her three sons fled to their relatives in Montreal.
They moved to San Francisco, where Nikolai worked as a day laborer and carpenter. Natalia's mother was born in Barnaul, her father Stepan Zudilov owned candle factories, as well as an estate outside the city. With the start of the civil war, his family left Russia, resettling as refugees in the Chinese city of Harbin. Maria had a daughter, Olga. Natalie liked to describe her family as having been either gypsies or landowning aristocrats in Russia. In her youth, her mother had dreamed of becoming ballet dancer. Natalie and her sisters were remained in the church; as an adult, she stated, "I'm Russian, you know." She spoke both Russian with an American accent. Biographer Warren Harris wrote that under the family's "needy circumstances", her mother may have transferred her ambitions to her middle daughter, Natalia, her mother would take Natalia to the movies as as she could: "Natalie's only professional training was watching Hollywood child stars from her mother's lap," notes Harris. Wood would recall this time, "My mother used to tell me that the cameraman who pointed his lens out at the audience at the end of the Paramount newsreel was taking my picture.
I smile like he was going to make me famous or something. I believed everything my mother told me."Shortly after Natalia was born in San Francisco, her family moved to Santa Rosa. Natalia was noticed by members of a crew during a film shoot in downtown Santa Rosa, her mother soon moved the family to Los Angeles. After Natalia started acting as a child, David Lewis and William Goetz, studio executives at RKO Radio Pictures, changed her name to "Natalie Wood". Wood's younger sister, Svetlana Gurdin, was born in Santa Monica after the move. Now known as Lana Wood, she became an actress. A few weeks before her fifth birthday, Wood made her film debut as a character actress in a fifteen-second scene in the 1943 film Happy Land. Despite the brief part, she attracted the notice of Irving Pichel, he remained in contact with Wood's family for two years. The director telephoned Wood's mother and asked her to bring her daughter to Los Angeles for a screen test. Wood's mother became so excited that she "packed the whole family off to Los Angeles to live," writes Harris.
Wood's father opposed the idea, but his wife's "overpowering ambition to make Natalie a star" took priority. According to Wood's younger sister, Pichel "discovered her and wanted to adopt her."Wood seven years old, got the part. She played a post-World War II German orphan, opposite Orson Welles as Wood's guardian, Claudette Colbert, in Tomorrow Is Forever. Welles said that Wood was a born professional, "so good, she was terrifying." After Wood acted in another film directed by Pichel, her mother signed her with 20th Century Fox studio for her first major role, the 1947 Miracle on 34th Street, which has become a Christmas classic. Wood starred with Maureen O'Hara, she was counted among the top child stars in Hollywood after this film and was so popular that Macy's invited her to appear in the store's annual Thanksgiving Day parade. Film historian John C. Tibbetts wrote that for th
The Great Race
The Great Race is a 1965 American Technicolor slapstick comedy film starring Jack Lemmon, Tony Curtis, Natalie Wood, directed by Blake Edwards, written by Blake Edwards and Arthur A. Ross, with music by Henry Mancini and cinematography by Russell Harlan; the supporting cast includes Keenan Wynn, Arthur O'Connell and Vivian Vance. The movie cost US$12 million; the story was inspired by the actual 1908 New York to Paris Race. It is noted for one scene, promoted as "the greatest pie fight ever"; the Great Leslie and Professor Fate are competing daredevils at the turn of the 20th century. Leslie is the classic hero – always dressed in white, ever-courteous, enormously talented and successful. Leslie's nemesis, Fate, is the traditional melodramatic villain – dressed in black, sporting a black moustache and top hat, glowering at most everyone, maniacal evil laugh, grandiose plans to thwart the hero, dogged by failure. Leslie proposes an automobile race from New York to Paris and offers the Webber Motor Car Company the opportunity to build an automobile to make the journey.
They design and build a new car named "The Leslie Special". Fate builds the Hannibal Twin-8, complete with hidden devices of sabotage. Other car owners enter the race, including one owned by New York City's most prominent newspaper. Driving the newspaper's car is beautiful photojournalist Maggie DuBois, a vocal suffragette. A seven-car race begins, but Fate's long-suffering sidekick Maximilian Meen has sabotaged four other cars, leaving just three cars in the race; the surviving teams are Leslie with his loyal mechanic Hezekiah Sturdy, Maggie DuBois driving a Stanley Steamer by herself, Fate and Max. The newspaper's car breaks down and Maggie accepts a lift in the Leslie Special. Fate arrives first at the small Western frontier town of Boracho. A local outlaw named "Texas Jack" becomes jealous of the attraction to Leslie shown by showgirl Lily Olay and a saloon brawl ensues. Fate sneaks outside amidst the chaos, steals the fuel he needs, destroys the rest. Leslie uses mules to pull his car to another refueling point, where Maggie tricks Hezekiah into boarding a train and handcuffs him to a seat, lying to Leslie that Hezekiah had quit and "wanted to go back to New York".
The two remaining cars reach the Bering Strait and park side-by-side in a blinding snowstorm. Keeping warm during the storm and Maggie begin to see each other as more than competitors. Mishaps, including a polar bear in Fate's car, compel all four racers to warm themselves in Leslie's car, they awaken on a small ice floe which drifts into their intended Russian port, where Hezekiah is waiting for Leslie, who in turn casts off Maggie for deceiving him. Maggie is snatched by Fate. After driving across Asia, both cars enter the tiny kingdom of Carpania, whose alcoholic and foppish Crown Prince Friedrich Hapnick is the spitting image of Professor Fate. Rebels under the leadership of Baron Rolfe von Stuppe and General Kuhster kidnap the Prince, Fate and Maggie. Max joins Leslie to rescue the others. Fate is forced to masquerade as the Prince during the coronation so that the rebels can gain control of the kingdom. Leslie and Max confront Von Stuppe. Following a climactic swordfight with Leslie, Von Stuppe attempts escape by leaping to a waiting boat, but bursts the hull and sinks it.
Leslie and Max return the real Prince to the capitol in time to defeat Kuhster's plan for a military coup. Fate, still masquerading as Prince Hapnick, falls into a huge cake. A pie fight ensues involving the Prince's men and the conspirators; the five racers, covered in pie filling, depart Carpania with King Friedrich's best wishes. As the racers leave Pottsdorf, it becomes a straight road race to Paris. Nearing Paris and Maggie have a spirited argument regarding the roles of men and sex in relationships. Leslie stops his car just short of the finish line under the Eiffel Tower to prove that he loves Maggie more than he cares about winning the race. Fate becomes indignant that Leslie let him win. Fate demands a rematch: a race back to New York; the return race commences, with newlyweds Maggie now a team. Fate lets them start first attempts to destroy their car with a small cannon; the shot misses the Leslie Special. Director Blake Edwards based the film on the 1908 New York to Paris Race loosely interpreted.
On February 12, 1908, the "Greatest Auto Race" began with six entrants, starting in New York City and racing westward across three continents. The destination was Paris. Only the approximate race route and the general time period were borrowed by Edwards in his effort to make "the funniest comedy ever". Edwards, a studious admirer of silent film, dedicated the film to film comedians Hardy; the Great Race incorporated a great many silent era visual gags, along with slapstick, double entendres and absurdities. The film includes such time-worn scenes as a barroom brawl, the tent of the desert sheik, a sword fight, the laboratory of the mad scientist; the unintended consequences of Professor Fate's order, "Push the button, Max!", is a running gag, along with the spotless invulnerability of "The Great Leslie". Edwards poked fun at films and literature as well; the saloon brawl scene was a parody of the western film genre, a plot detour launched during the final third of the film was a direct par
Red Buttons was an American actor and comedian. He won a Golden Globe for his supporting role in the 1957 film Sayonara. Red Buttons was born Aaron Chwatt on February 5, 1919, in Manhattan, to Jewish immigrants Sophie and Michael Chwatt. At sixteen years old, Chwatt got a job as an entertaining bellhop at Ryan's Tavern in City Island, Bronx; the combination of his red hair and the large, shiny buttons on the bellhop uniforms inspired orchestra leader Charles "Dinty" Moore to call him "Red Buttons," the name under which he would perform. That same summer Buttons worked on the Borscht Belt. Buttons was working at the Irvington Hotel in South Fallsburg, New York, when the Master of Ceremonies became incapacitated, he asked for the chance to replace him. In 1939 Buttons started working for Minsky's Burlesque; the show was a farce set in Pearl Harbor, it was due to open on December 8, 1941. It never did. In years Buttons would joke that the Japanese only attacked Pearl Harbor to keep him off Broadway.
In September 1942 Buttons made his Broadway debut in Vickie with Uta Hagen. That year he appeared in the Minsky's show Wine and Song; this was the last classic Burlesque show in New York City history, as the Mayor La Guardia administration closed it down. Buttons was on stage. Drafted into the United States Army Air Forces, Buttons in 1943 appeared in the Army Air Forces' Broadway show Winged Victory, along with several future stars, including Mario Lanza, John Forsythe, Karl Malden and Lee J. Cobb. A year he appeared in Darryl F. Zanuck's movie version of Winged Victory, directed by George Cukor. Buttons entertained troops in the European Theater in the same Jeep Show unit as Mickey Rooney. After the war Buttons continued to do Broadway shows, he performed at Broadway movie houses with big bands. In 1952, Buttons received his own variety series on television, The Red Buttons Show, which ran for three years on CBS, it was the #11 show in prime time in 1952. In 1953 he recorded and had a two-sided hit with Strange Things Are Happening/The Ho Ho Song, with both sides/songs being the same.
His role in Sayonara was a dramatic departure from his previous work. In this film, co-starring with Marlon Brando, he played Joe Kelly, an American airman stationed in Kobe, Japan during the Korean War, who marries Katsumi, a Japanese woman, but is barred from taking her back to the United States, his moving portrayal of Kelly's calm resolve not to abandon the relationship, the touching reassurance of Katsumi, impressed audiences and critics alike. Buttons won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and Umeki won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the film. After his Oscar-winning role Buttons performed in numerous feature films, including the Africa adventure Hatari! with John Wayne, the adventure Five Weeks in a Balloon, the war epic The Longest Day, the biopic Harlow, the disaster film The Poseidon Adventure, the dance-marathon drama They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, the family comedy Pete's Dragon, the disaster film When Time Ran Out with Paul Newman and the age-reversal comedy 18 Again! with George Burns.
In 1966 Buttons again starred in his own TV series, a spy spoof called The Double Life of Henry Phyfe, which ran for one season. Buttons made memorable guest appearances on several TV programs including The Eleventh Hour, Little House on the Prairie, It's Garry Shandling's Show, Knots Landing and Roseanne, his last TV role was in ER. He became a nationally recognisable comedian, his "Never Got A Dinner" routine was a standard of The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast for many years, he was number 71 on Comedy Central's list of the 100 Greatest Stand-Ups of All Time. Another of his catchphrases was "I did not come here to be made sport of,", taken up by radio talk show host Howie Carr. Buttons received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for television, his star being located at 1651 Vine Street. Buttons married actress Roxanne Arlen in 1947, he married Helayne McNorton on December 8, 1949. They divorced in 1963, his last marriage was to Alicia Pratts, which lasted from January 27, 1964, until her death in March 2001.
Buttons had two Amy Buttons and Adam Buttons. He was the advertising spokesman for Florida, a retirement community. Buttons was an early member of the Synagogue for the Performing Arts, at the time Rabbi Jerome Cutler was the Rabbi. Buttons died of complications from cardiovascular disease on July 13, 2006, at age 87 at his home in Century City, Los Angeles, he was with family members when he died. His ashes were given to his family after cremation. Interview with Red Buttons' Television Writer, August 2012 Red Buttons on IMDb Red Buttons at the TCM Movie Database Red Buttons at the Internet Broadway Database Red Buttons at AllMovie Interview on YouTube by Leon Charney on The Leon Charney Report "Red Buttons on Dean Martin Roast" on YouTube, video, 4 minutes Actor Red Buttons dead at 87
Sir Sidney Poitier, is a Bahamian-American actor, film director and diplomat. In 1964, Poitier became the first Bahamian and first black actor to win an Academy Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor for his role in Lilies of the Field, he continued to break ground by starring in three successful 1967 films, all of which dealt with issues involving race and race relations: To Sir, with Love. Poitier has directed a number of films, including Uptown Saturday Night, Let's Do It Again, A Piece of the Action, with Bill Cosby. From 1997 to 2007, he served as the Bahamian Ambassador to Japan. Poitier was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1974. On August 12, 2009, Poitier was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor, by President Barack Obama. In 2016, he was awarded the BAFTA Fellowship for outstanding lifetime achievement in film. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Poitier 22nd of 25 on their list of Greatest Male Stars of classic Hollywood cinema.
In 2002, thirty-eight years after receiving the Best Actor Award, Poitier was chosen by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Academy Honorary Award, in recognition of his "remarkable accomplishments as an artist and as a human being". Sidney Poitier's parents were Evelyn and Reginald James Poitier, Bahamian farmers who owned a farm on Cat Island and traveled to Miami to sell tomatoes and other produce. Reginald worked as a cab driver in Bahamas. Poitier was the youngest of seven surviving children, was born in Miami while his parents were visiting, his birth was two months premature and he was not expected to survive, but his parents remained in Miami for three months to nurse him to health. Poitier grew up in the Bahamas a British Crown colony; because of his birth in the United States, he automatically received American citizenship. Poitier's uncle has claimed that the Poitier ancestors on his father's side had migrated from Haiti and were among the runaway slaves who established maroon communities throughout the Bahamas, including Cat Island.
He mentions that the surname Poitier is a French name, there were no white Poitiers from the Bahamas. The name Poitier came from a planter of English heritage who immigrated to Cat Island from Jamaica in the early 1800s, his name was Charles Leonard Poitier. In 1834, his wife's estate on Cat Island had 39 men and 47 women; the slaves kept the name Poitier, a name, introduced into England during the Norman conquest in the 11th century. That is where the Poitier name came from - not from Haiti. Poitier lived with his family on Cat Island until he was 10, when they moved to Nassau, where he saw his first automobile, first experienced electricity, plumbing and motion pictures, he was raised a Roman Catholic but became an agnostic with views closer to deism. At the age of 15, he was sent to Miami to live with his brother's large family. At the age of 16, he held a string of jobs as a dishwasher. A waiter sat with him every night for several weeks helping, he lied about his age and enlisted in the Army during World War II in 1943.
He only served as a mental hospital attendant and feigned insanity to get discharged, but dropped this tactic. After talking to a psychiatrist, Poitier was granted release from the Army, after which he worked as a dishwasher until a successful audition landed him a spot with the American Negro Theater. Poitier was rejected by audiences. Contrary to what was expected of black actors at the time, Poitier's tone deafness made him unable to sing. Determined to refine his acting skills and rid himself of his noticeable Bahamian accent, he spent the next six months dedicating himself to achieving theatrical success. On his second attempt at the theater, he was noticed and given a leading role in the Broadway production Lysistrata, for which, though it ran a failing four days, he received an invitation to understudy for Anna Lucasta. By the end of 1949, he had to choose between leading roles on stage and an offer to work for Darryl F. Zanuck in the film No Way Out, his performance in No Way Out, as a doctor treating a Caucasian bigot, was noticed and led to more roles, each more interesting and more prominent than those most African-American actors of the time were offered.
In 1951, he traveled to South Africa with the African-American actor Canada Lee to star in the film version of Cry, the Beloved Country. Poitier's breakout role was as Gregory W. Miller, a member of an incorrigible high-school class in Blackboard Jungle. Poitier was the first black male actor, he was the first black actor to win the Academy Award for Best Actor.. His satisfaction at this honor was undermined by his concerns that this award was more of the industry congratulating itself for having him as a token and it would inhibit him from asking for more substantive considerations afterward. Poitier worked little
The Flight of the Phoenix (1965 film)
The Flight of the Phoenix is a 1965 American drama film starring James Stewart and directed by Robert Aldrich, based on the 1964 novel The Flight of the Phoenix by Elleston Trevor. The story describes a small group of men struggling to survive their aircraft's emergency landing in the Sahara Desert, stars Richard Attenborough, Peter Finch, Hardy Krüger and Ernest Borgnine; the ensemble cast includes Ian Bannen, Ronald Fraser, Christian Marquand, Dan Duryea and George Kennedy as other passengers on the aircraft. Though the film was a failure at the box office, it has since gained a large following. Frank Towns is the pilot of a twin-engine Fairchild C-82 Packet cargo plane flying from Jaghbub to Benghazi in Libya; the passengers include Capt. Harris and Sgt. Watson of the British Army. There are several oil workers, including Trucker Cobb, a foreman suffering from mental fatigue. A sudden sandstorm disables the engines; as the aircraft careers to a stop, several oil drums and oil drilling tools break loose and injure Gabriel's leg.
Two other workers are killed. The radio is unusable, the survivors are too far off-course to be found and rescued, they have a large quantity of pitted dates for food, being returned "because no one would eat them" but only with enough water to last for ten to fifteen days if they avoid physical exertion. Captain Harris and Carlos attempt to rest during the day" to an oasis. Carlos leaves his monkey behind with "Little Ratbags". Harris and Towns refuse to let the mentally burned out Cobb go along, but Cobb defiantly follows anyway and ends up dying of exposure in the desert. Days Harris returns to the crash site alone and alive. Meanwhile, Dorfmann has been working on a radical idea: He believes they can build a new aircraft from the wreckage; the C-82 has twin booms extending rearwards from each engine and connected by the horizontal stabilizer. Dorfmann's plan is to attach the outer sections of both wings to the left engine and left boom, discarding the center fuselage and both inner wing sections of the aircraft.
The passengers will ride on top of the wings. Harris and Moran believe he is either delusional; the argument is complicated by a personality clash between Towns, a proud old traditionalist aviator, Dorfmann, an proud young technician. Moran struggles to keep the peace. Although Towns is resistant, Renaud points out that activity and any hope will keep the men's morale up, so Towns agrees with the plan. Dorfmann supervises the reconstruction. During the work, Gabriel commits suicide by slitting his wrist, making the men so depressed that they contemplate giving up the new plane's construction. Dorfmann is caught exceeding his water ration, but explains that he alone has been working continuously, promises to not do it again while demanding they all work hard. Moran talks Towns into resuming work on the aircraft; when the new aircraft is complete, Standish labels it "The Phoenix" after the mythical bird, reborn from its ashes. Any good mood, however, is quashed after a band of rebel Arabs camps nearby.
While the others remain hidden and Renaud go to ask them for help and are murdered. Additionally and Moran learn that Dorfmann designs model airplanes rather than full-sized ones. Dorfmann claims that the principles are the same, that in many aspects models require much more exacting designs and can be less forgiving than full-size aircraft, but Towns and Moran are horrified at the idea of flying a plane made by a man who works with "toys". Without any other choice, they decide to forge ahead with the plan. Just as the water supplies are exhausted, the Phoenix is completed. Only seven starter cartridges are available for the engine, the first four startup attempts are unsuccessful. Towns decides to fire the fifth cartridge with the ignition off, to clear the engine's cylinders, which he does over Dorfmann's strenuous objection; the next startup is successful. The men climb onto the wings; when Towns guns the engine, the Phoenix slides down the hill and along a lake bed before taking off. After landing at an oasis with a manned oil rig, the men celebrate and Towns and Dorfmann are reconciled.
Principal photography started April 26, 1965, at the 20th Century-Fox Studios and 20th Century-Fox Ranch, California. Other filming locations, simulating the desert, were Buttercup Valley and Pilot Knob Mesa, California; the flying sequences were all filmed at Pilot Knob Mesa near Winterhaven, located in California's Imperial Valley, on the western fringes of Yuma, Arizona. In 2005, Hollywood aviation historian Simon Beck identified the aircraft used in the film: Fairchild C-82A Packet, N6887C – flying shots. Fairchild C-82A Packet, N4833V – outdoor location wreck. Fairchild C-82A Packet, N53228 – indoor studio wreck. Fairchild R4Q-1 Flying Boxcar, BuNo. 126580 – non-flying Phoenix prop. Tallmantz Phoenix P-1, N93082 – flying Phoenix aircraft. North American O-47A, N4725V – second flying Phoenix; the C-82As were from Steward-Davies Inc. at Long Beach, while the O-47A came from the Planes of Fame air museum in California. The R4Q-1 was purchased from Allied Aircraft of Arizona; the aerial camera platform was a B-25J Mitchell, N
Sir Reginald Carey Harrison, known as Rex Harrison, was an English actor of stage and screen. Harrison began his career on the stage in 1924, he won his first Tony Award for his performance as Henry VIII in the play Anne of the Thousand Days in 1949. He won his second Tony for the role of Professor Henry Higgins in the stage production of My Fair Lady in 1957, he reprised the role for the 1964 film version, which earned him both a Golden Globe Award and Academy Award for Best Actor. In addition to his stage career, Harrison appeared in numerous films, including Anna and the King of Siam, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir and played the title role of the English doctor who talks to animals, Doctor Dolittle. In July 1989, Harrison was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. In 1975, Harrison released his first autobiography, his second, A Damned Serious Business: My Life in Comedy, was published posthumously in 1991. Harrison had two sons: Noel and Carey Harrison, he continued working in stage productions until shortly before his death from pancreatic cancer in June 1990 at the age of 82.
Harrison was born at Derry House in Huyton, the son of Edith Mary and William Reginald Harrison, a cotton broker. He was educated at Liverpool College. After a bout of childhood measles, Harrison lost most of the sight in his left eye, which on one occasion caused some on-stage difficulty, he first appeared on the stage in 1924 in Liverpool. Harrison's acting career was interrupted during World War II while serving in the Royal Air Force, reaching the rank of Flight Lieutenant, he acted in various stage productions until 11 May 1990. He acted in the West End of London when he was young, appearing in the Terence Rattigan play French Without Tears, which proved to be his breakthrough role, he alternated appearances in London and New York in such plays as Bell and Candle, Venus Observed, The Cocktail Party, The Kingfisher and The Love of Four Colonels, which he directed. He won his first Tony Award for his appearance at the Shubert Theatre as Henry VIII in Maxwell Anderson's play Anne of the Thousand Days and international superstardom for his portrayal of Henry Higgins in the musical My Fair Lady, where he appeared opposite Julie Andrews.
Appearances included Pirandello's Henry IV, a 1984 appearance at the Haymarket Theatre with Claudette Colbert in Frederick Lonsdale's Aren't We All?, one on Broadway at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre presented by Douglas Urbanski, at the Haymarket in J. M. Barrie's The Admirable Crichton with Edward Fox, he returned as Henry Higgins in the revival of My Fair Lady directed by Patrick Garland in 1981, cementing his association with the plays of George Bernard Shaw, which included a Tony nominated performance as Shotover in Heartbreak House, Julius Caesar in Caesar and Cleopatra, General Burgoyne in a Los Angeles production of The Devil's Disciple. Harrison's film debut was in The Great Game, other notable early films include The Citadel, Night Train to Munich, Major Barbara, Blithe Spirit and the King of Siam, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, The Foxes of Harrow, he was best known for his portrayal of Professor Henry Higgins in the 1964 film version of My Fair Lady, based on the eponymous Broadway production, for which Harrison won a Best Actor Oscar.
He starred in 1967's Doctor Dolittle. At the height of his box office clout after the success of My Fair Lady, Harrison proved a domineering force during production, demanding auditions for prospective composers after musical playwright Leslie Bricusse was contracted and demanding to have his singing recorded live during shooting, only to agree to have it re-recorded in post-production, he disrupted production with incidents with his wife, Rachel Roberts and deliberate misbehaviour, such as when he deliberately moved his yacht in front of cameras during shooting in St. Lucia and refused to move it out of sight due to contract disputes. Harrison was at one point temporarily replaced by Christopher Plummer, until he agreed to be more cooperative, he starred in the 1968 comedy a modern adaptation of Ben Jonson's play Volpone. Two of his co-stars, Maggie Smith and Cliff Robertson, were to become lifelong friends. Both spoke at his New York City memorial at the Little Church Around the Corner when Harrison died in 1990.
Harrison was not by any objective standards a singer. "Talk to the Animals", which Harrison performed in Doctor Dolittle, won the Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1967. Despite excelling in comedy, he attracted favourable notices in dramatic roles such as his portrayal of Julius Caesar in Cleopatra and as Pope Julius II in The Agony and the Ecstasy, opposite Charlton Heston as Michelangelo, he acted in a Hindi film Shalimar alongside Indian Bollywood star Dharmendra as well as appearing opposite Richard Burton as two ageing homosexuals in Staircase. Harrison was married six times. In 1942, he divorced his first wife, Colette Thomas, married actress Lilli Palmer the next year. In 1947, while married to Palmer, Harrison began an affair with actress Carole Landis. Landis committed suicide in 1948 after spending the evening with Harrison. Harrison's involvement in the scan