23rd Government of Ireland

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Government of the 27th Dáil
23rd Government of Ireland
Date formed 12 January 1993
Date dissolved 15 December 1994
People and organisations
Head of state Mary Robinson
Head of government Albert Reynolds
Deputy head of government Dick Spring
Bertie Ahern
Total no. of ministers 15
Member parties FF-Lab
Status in legislature Coalition
Opposition leader John Bruton (Fine Gael)
History
Election(s) 1992 general election
Legislature term(s) 27th Dáil
Predecessor 22nd Government
Successor 24th Government

The 23rd Government of Ireland, the first government of the 27th Dáil, was a coalition of Fianna Fáil (with leader Albert Reynolds as Taoiseach) and the Labour Party (with leader Dick Spring as Tánaiste). It was the first time that these two parties were in government together; on each previous occasion Labour was in government, it was a junior coalition party with Fine Gael. The 1992 general election had been held on 25 November 1992 and the 27th Dáil first met on 14 December 1992, while post-election negotiations between the parties were still ongoing. A new Taoiseach was not elected, and hence a new government not appointed, until 12 January 1993. The 27th Dáil lasted until 1997, but its first government fell in 1994 after the breakdown of relations between the two parties. It was succeeded by the 24th Government, a coalition of Labour with Fine Gael under John Bruton and Democratic Left under Proinsias De Rossa, with Spring serving again as Tánaiste under Bruton as Taoiseach. This was the only time a government fell and a new government was formed with a different party composition within a single Dáil term.

Nomination of Taoiseach vote[edit]

12 January 1993
Nomination of Taoiseach vote for Albert Reynolds (FF)

Motion proposed by Máire Geoghegan-Quinn and seconded by Dick Spring
Absolute majority: 84/166
Vote Parties Votes
☑Y Yes Fianna Fáil (68), Labour Party (33), Independent Fianna Fáil (1)
102 / 166
No Fine Gael (45), Progressive Democrats (10), Democratic Left (4), Green Party (1)
60 / 166
Not voting Independent (3), Ceann Comhairle (1)
4 / 166
Source: Oireachtas Debates

Composition[edit]

Ministers are listed by seniority.[1][2]

Office Name Term Party
Taoiseach Albert Reynolds 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Tánaiste Dick Spring 1993–94 Labour Party
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Finance Bertie Ahern 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Social Welfare Michael Woods 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Justice Máire Geoghegan-Quinn 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Enterprise and Employment[fn 1] Ruairi Quinn 1993–94 Labour Party
Minister for the Environment Michael Smith 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Defence David Andrews 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for the Marine
Minister for Agriculture, Food and Forestry[fn 2] Joe Walsh 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Tourism and Trade[fn 3] Charlie McCreevy 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Transport, Energy and Communications[fn 4] Brian Cowen 1993–94 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Equality and Law Reform[fn 5] Mervyn Taylor 1993–94 Labour Party
Minister for Arts, Culture and the Gaeltacht[fn 6] Michael D. Higgins 1993–94 Labour Party
Minister for Health Brendan Howlin 1993–94 Labour Party
Minister for Education Niamh Bhreathnach 1993–94 Labour Party

Changes 18 November 1994[edit]

The Labour Party ministers resigned from government on 17 November 1994.
Their portfolios were reassigned to Fianna Fáil ministers.

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Foreign Affairs Albert Reynolds 1994 Fianna Fáil
Tánaiste Bertie Ahern 1994 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Arts, Culture and the Gaeltacht
Minister for Health Michael Woods 1994 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Equality and Law Reform Máire Geoghegan-Quinn 1994 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Education Michael Smith 1994 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Enterprise and Employment Charlie McCreevy 1994 Fianna Fáil

Notes:

  1. ^ On 21 January 1993 the Department of Industry and Commerce was renamed as the Department of Enterprise and Employment.
  2. ^ On 21 January 1993 the Department of Agriculture and Food was renamed as the Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry.
  3. ^ On 22 January 1993 the Department of Energy was renamed as the Department of Tourism and Trade. On this date, Brian Cowen, who had initially been assigned to this department, was given the portfolio of Minister for Transport, Energy and Communications.
  4. ^ On 22 January 1993 the Department of Tourism, Transport and Communications was renamed as the Department of Transport, Energy and Communications. On this date, Charlie McCreevy, who had initially been assigned to this department, was given the portfolio of Minister for Tourism and Trade.
  5. ^ On 21 January 1993 the Department of Labour was renamed as the Department of Equality and Law Reform.
  6. ^ On 21 January 1993 the Department of the Gaeltacht was renamed as the Department of Arts, Culture and the Gaeltacht.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Appointment of Taoiseach and Nomination of Members of Government | Tuesday, 12 January 1993". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  2. ^ "History of Government – Twenty-Seventh Dáil". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 20 October 2013.