249th Coast Artillery (United States)

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249th Coast Artillery Regiment
249CARegtCOA.png
Coat of arms
Active 1924 – 1944[1]
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Coast artillery
Role Harbor defense
Size Regiment
Part of Harbor Defenses of the Columbia[1]
Garrison/HQ Fort Stevens[1]
Motto(s) Cede Nullis (Second to None)
Mascot(s) Oozlefinch

The 249th Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery Corps regiment in the Oregon National Guard, it garrisoned the Harbor Defenses of the Columbia (HD Columbia), Oregon and Washington 1924–1944.[1]

History[edit]

The 249th Coast Artillery was organized 18 April 1924 as the Oregon National Guard component of the Harbor Defenses of the Columbia (HD Columbia), Oregon and Washington. Part of the 3rd Coast Artillery was the Regular Army component of those defenses 1924–1940, redesignated as the 18th Coast Artillery in 1940.[1][2] The 249th's primary armory was in Salem, Oregon; in October 1944 the regiment was broken up into two battalions as part of an Army-wide reorganization.[1]

Organized 18 April 1924 by redesignating the 249th Artillery, Coast Artillery Corps, Oregon National Guard as the 249th Coast Artillery (Harbor Defense) (HD) Regiment.[1]

On 16 September 1940 the regiment was inducted into federal service at Salem, Oregon and moved to Camp Clatsop 23 September 1940. Moved to Fort Stevens, Oregon in HD Columbia 6 February 1941.[1]

On 21 June 1942 the bombardment of Fort Stevens by Japanese submarine I-25 occurred with relatively minor damage.[3]

Various exchanges of personnel occurred in HD of the Columbia between the 18th CA (HD) and the 249th CA (HD) in November 1942, August 1943, and January 1944.[2]

On 18 October 1944 the regiment was inactivated and broken up into the 171st and 249th Coast Artillery Battalions, these battalions were inactivated on 15 September 1945, at Fort Canby and Fort Stevens, respectively.[1][4]

Campaign streamers[edit]

World War II

  • Pacific theater without inscription[4]

Living history group[edit]

As of 2016 a living history group representing Battery B, 249th Coast Artillery was active in the former HD Columbia area.[5]

Lineage[edit]

As of 2016 the 249th's lineage was carried by the 249th Regiment (Regional Training Institute) of the Oregon Army National Guard, based in Monmouth, Oregon.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gaines National Guard, 249th Coast Artillery
  2. ^ a b Gaines Regular Army, pp. 5-6, 12-13
  3. ^ Webber, pp. 58-61
  4. ^ a b Stanton, pp. 471, 489, 492
  5. ^ Living history event at Fort Stevens, June 2016
  6. ^ Regional Training Institute web page, State Agency Directory at Oregon.gov
  7. ^ 249th Regiment at CurrentOps.com

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]